Abstract

A strategy for integrated and reconfigurable optical paths based on stacking optical functional films is proposed. It is demonstrated by stacking two liquid crystal polymer q-plates and one quarter-wave plate for vector vortex beams generation. The topological charge and polarization order of generated vector vortex beams can be controlled independently by stacking and reordering different optical films with repeated adhesive ability. It supplies a low-cost, light-weight and versatile technique for reducing the volume of free-space optical system and has a great potential in optical researches and applications.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2016 (5)

H. Chen, Y. Weng, D. Xu, N. V. Tabiryan, and S. T. Wu, “Beam steering for virtual/augmented reality displays with a cycloidal diffractive waveplate,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7287–7298 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. V. Tabiryan, S. V. Serak, S. R. Nersisyan, D. E. Roberts, B. Y. Zeldovich, D. M. Steeves, and B. R. Kimball, “Broadband waveplate lenses,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7091–7102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, S. J. Ge, W. Duan, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of self-healing and transverse accelerating optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(12), 121105 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, S. J. Ge, L. L. Ma, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of equal-energy orbital angular momentum beams via photopatterned liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(4), 044009 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (8)

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, Y. Liu, Y. Ke, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Generation of Airy vortex and Airy vector beams based on the modulation of dynamic and geometric phases,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3193–3196 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, M. N. Miskiewicz, S. Serati, and M. J. Escuti, “Nonmechanical Laser Beam Steering Based on Polymer Polarization Gratings: Design Optimization and Demonstration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(10), 2068–2077 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Du, F. Fan, A. M. W. Tam, J. Sun, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. Sing Kwok, “Complex nanoscale‐ordered liquid crystal polymer film for high transmittance holographic polarizer,” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7191–7195 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. X. Zhao, F. Fan, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Multilayer photo-aligned thin-film structure for polarizing photonics,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 2993–2996 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, Y. Li, M. N. Miskiewicz, C. Oh, M. W. Kudenov, and M. J. Escuti, “Fabrication of ideal geometric-phase holograms with arbitrary wavefronts,” Optica 2(11), 958–964 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

D. Liu and D. J. Broer, “Liquid crystal polymer networks: preparation, properties, and applications of films with patterned molecular alignment,” Langmuir 30(45), 13499–13509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yi, X. Ling, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Generation of cylindrical vector vortex beams by two cascaded metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17207–17215 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

J. Kim, C. Oh, S. Serati, and M. J. Escuti, “Wide-angle, nonmechanical beam steering with high throughput utilizing polarization gratings,” Appl. Opt. 50(17), 2636–2639 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2006 (3)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, “Silicon photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4600–4615 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Cakmakci and J. Rolland, “Head-worn displays: a review,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(3), 199–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

L. Eldada, “Optical communication components,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(3), 575–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Ma, A. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, “Polymer‐based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

C. Benecke, H. Seiberle, and M. Schadt, “Determination of director distributions in liquid crystal polymer-films by means of generalized anisotropic ellipsometry,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 525–531 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Ichimura, “Photoalignment of liquid-crystal systems,” Chem. Rev. 100(5), 1847–1874 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, A. Schuster, and S. M. Kelly, “Photo-generation of linearly polymerized liquid crystal aligning layers comprising novel integrated optically patterned retarders and color filters,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34(Part 1, No. 6A), 3240–3249 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

M. Schadt, K. Schmitt, V. Kozinkov, and V. Chigrinov, “Surface-induced parallel alignment of liquid crystals by linearly polymerized photopolymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(1), 2155–2164 (1992).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, G. N. Mol, and G. Challa, “In‐situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylates, 3. Oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190(9), 2255–2268 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

D. J. Broer, H. Finkelmann, and K. Kondo, “In‐situ photopolymerization of an oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 189(1), 185–194 (1988).
[Crossref]

Alibart, O.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, “On the genesis and evolution of integrated quantum optics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 115–143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Benecke, C.

C. Benecke, H. Seiberle, and M. Schadt, “Determination of director distributions in liquid crystal polymer-films by means of generalized anisotropic ellipsometry,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 525–531 (2000).
[Crossref]

Boven, J.

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, G. N. Mol, and G. Challa, “In‐situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylates, 3. Oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190(9), 2255–2268 (1989).
[Crossref]

Broer, D. J.

D. Liu and D. J. Broer, “Liquid crystal polymer networks: preparation, properties, and applications of films with patterned molecular alignment,” Langmuir 30(45), 13499–13509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, G. N. Mol, and G. Challa, “In‐situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylates, 3. Oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190(9), 2255–2268 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. J. Broer, H. Finkelmann, and K. Kondo, “In‐situ photopolymerization of an oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 189(1), 185–194 (1988).
[Crossref]

Cakmakci, O.

O. Cakmakci and J. Rolland, “Head-worn displays: a review,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(3), 199–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cardano, F.

Challa, G.

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, G. N. Mol, and G. Challa, “In‐situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylates, 3. Oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190(9), 2255–2268 (1989).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, P.

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, S. J. Ge, W. Duan, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of self-healing and transverse accelerating optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(12), 121105 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, S. J. Ge, L. L. Ma, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of equal-energy orbital angular momentum beams via photopatterned liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(4), 044009 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

Chigrinov, V.

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Chen, S. J. Ge, L. L. Ma, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of equal-energy orbital angular momentum beams via photopatterned liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(4), 044009 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Wu, W. Hu, H. C. Hu, X. W. Lin, G. Zhu, J. W. Choi, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary photo-patterning in liquid crystal alignments using DMD based lithography system,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16684–16689 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, K. Schmitt, V. Kozinkov, and V. Chigrinov, “Surface-induced parallel alignment of liquid crystals by linearly polymerized photopolymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(1), 2155–2164 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chigrinov, V. G.

C. X. Zhao, F. Fan, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Multilayer photo-aligned thin-film structure for polarizing photonics,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 2993–2996 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Du, F. Fan, A. M. W. Tam, J. Sun, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. Sing Kwok, “Complex nanoscale‐ordered liquid crystal polymer film for high transmittance holographic polarizer,” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7191–7195 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, J. W.

Dalton, L. R.

H. Ma, A. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, “Polymer‐based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

de Lisio, C.

De Micheli, M. P.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, “On the genesis and evolution of integrated quantum optics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 115–143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Denisenko, V.

Desyatnikov, A. S.

Du, T.

C. X. Zhao, F. Fan, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Multilayer photo-aligned thin-film structure for polarizing photonics,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 2993–2996 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Du, F. Fan, A. M. W. Tam, J. Sun, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. Sing Kwok, “Complex nanoscale‐ordered liquid crystal polymer film for high transmittance holographic polarizer,” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7191–7195 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, W.

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, S. J. Ge, W. Duan, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of self-healing and transverse accelerating optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(12), 121105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Eldada, L.

L. Eldada, “Optical communication components,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(3), 575–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

Escuti, M. J.

Fan, F.

T. Du, F. Fan, A. M. W. Tam, J. Sun, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. Sing Kwok, “Complex nanoscale‐ordered liquid crystal polymer film for high transmittance holographic polarizer,” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7191–7195 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. X. Zhao, F. Fan, T. Du, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Multilayer photo-aligned thin-film structure for polarizing photonics,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 2993–2996 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fathpour, S.

Finkelmann, H.

D. J. Broer, H. Finkelmann, and K. Kondo, “In‐situ photopolymerization of an oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 189(1), 185–194 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ge, S. J.

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, S. J. Ge, W. Duan, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of self-healing and transverse accelerating optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(12), 121105 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, S. J. Ge, L. L. Ma, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of equal-energy orbital angular momentum beams via photopatterned liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(4), 044009 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, H. C.

Hu, W.

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Chen, S. J. Ge, L. L. Ma, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of equal-energy orbital angular momentum beams via photopatterned liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(4), 044009 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, S. J. Ge, W. Duan, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of self-healing and transverse accelerating optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(12), 121105 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wu, W. Hu, H. C. Hu, X. W. Lin, G. Zhu, J. W. Choi, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary photo-patterning in liquid crystal alignments using DMD based lithography system,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16684–16689 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ichimura, K.

K. Ichimura, “Photoalignment of liquid-crystal systems,” Chem. Rev. 100(5), 1847–1874 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

Jen, A. Y.

H. Ma, A. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, “Polymer‐based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ji, W.

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, P.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, F.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, “On the genesis and evolution of integrated quantum optics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 115–143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Karimi, E.

Ke, Y.

Kelly, S. M.

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, A. Schuster, and S. M. Kelly, “Photo-generation of linearly polymerized liquid crystal aligning layers comprising novel integrated optically patterned retarders and color filters,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34(Part 1, No. 6A), 3240–3249 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

Kimball, B. R.

Kivshar, Y. S.

Kondo, K.

D. J. Broer, H. Finkelmann, and K. Kondo, “In‐situ photopolymerization of an oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 189(1), 185–194 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kozinkov, V.

M. Schadt, K. Schmitt, V. Kozinkov, and V. Chigrinov, “Surface-induced parallel alignment of liquid crystals by linearly polymerized photopolymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(1), 2155–2164 (1992).
[Crossref]

Krolikowski, W.

Kudenov, M. W.

Kwok, H. S.

Lee, C. H.

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, T.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Li, Z.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, T. H.

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, X. W.

Ling, X.

Liu, D.

D. Liu and D. J. Broer, “Liquid crystal polymer networks: preparation, properties, and applications of films with patterned molecular alignment,” Langmuir 30(45), 13499–13509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, G. N.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Lu, Y. Q.

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, S. J. Ge, W. Duan, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of self-healing and transverse accelerating optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(12), 121105 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, S. J. Ge, L. L. Ma, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of equal-energy orbital angular momentum beams via photopatterned liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(4), 044009 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Wu, W. Hu, H. C. Hu, X. W. Lin, G. Zhu, J. W. Choi, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary photo-patterning in liquid crystal alignments using DMD based lithography system,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16684–16689 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, H.

Ma, H.

H. Ma, A. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, “Polymer‐based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ma, L. L.

P. Chen, S. J. Ge, L. L. Ma, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of equal-energy orbital angular momentum beams via photopatterned liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(4), 044009 (2016).
[Crossref]

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrucci, L.

Martin, A.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, “On the genesis and evolution of integrated quantum optics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 115–143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Min, C.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ming, Y.

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miskiewicz, M. N.

Mol, G. N.

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, G. N. Mol, and G. Challa, “In‐situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylates, 3. Oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190(9), 2255–2268 (1989).
[Crossref]

Nersisyan, S.

Nersisyan, S. R.

Neshev, D. N.

Nicolescu, E.

Niu, H.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Oh, C.

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, “On the genesis and evolution of integrated quantum optics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 115–143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roberts, D. E.

Rolland, J.

O. Cakmakci and J. Rolland, “Head-worn displays: a review,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(3), 199–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

Santamato, E.

Schadt, M.

C. Benecke, H. Seiberle, and M. Schadt, “Determination of director distributions in liquid crystal polymer-films by means of generalized anisotropic ellipsometry,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 525–531 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, A. Schuster, and S. M. Kelly, “Photo-generation of linearly polymerized liquid crystal aligning layers comprising novel integrated optically patterned retarders and color filters,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34(Part 1, No. 6A), 3240–3249 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, K. Schmitt, V. Kozinkov, and V. Chigrinov, “Surface-induced parallel alignment of liquid crystals by linearly polymerized photopolymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(1), 2155–2164 (1992).
[Crossref]

Schmitt, K.

M. Schadt, K. Schmitt, V. Kozinkov, and V. Chigrinov, “Surface-induced parallel alignment of liquid crystals by linearly polymerized photopolymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(1), 2155–2164 (1992).
[Crossref]

Schuster, A.

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, A. Schuster, and S. M. Kelly, “Photo-generation of linearly polymerized liquid crystal aligning layers comprising novel integrated optically patterned retarders and color filters,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34(Part 1, No. 6A), 3240–3249 (1995).
[Crossref]

Seiberle, H.

C. Benecke, H. Seiberle, and M. Schadt, “Determination of director distributions in liquid crystal polymer-films by means of generalized anisotropic ellipsometry,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 525–531 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, A. Schuster, and S. M. Kelly, “Photo-generation of linearly polymerized liquid crystal aligning layers comprising novel integrated optically patterned retarders and color filters,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34(Part 1, No. 6A), 3240–3249 (1995).
[Crossref]

Serak, S. V.

Serati, S.

Shvedov, V.

Sing Kwok, H.

T. Du, F. Fan, A. M. W. Tam, J. Sun, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. Sing Kwok, “Complex nanoscale‐ordered liquid crystal polymer film for high transmittance holographic polarizer,” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7191–7195 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slussarenko, S.

Soskin, M.

Steeves, D. M.

Sun, J.

T. Du, F. Fan, A. M. W. Tam, J. Sun, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. Sing Kwok, “Complex nanoscale‐ordered liquid crystal polymer film for high transmittance holographic polarizer,” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7191–7195 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tabiryan, N.

Tabiryan, N. V.

Tam, A. M. W.

T. Du, F. Fan, A. M. W. Tam, J. Sun, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. Sing Kwok, “Complex nanoscale‐ordered liquid crystal polymer film for high transmittance holographic polarizer,” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7191–7195 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, “On the genesis and evolution of integrated quantum optics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 115–143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Volyar, A.

Wei, B. Y.

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, S. J. Ge, W. Duan, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of self-healing and transverse accelerating optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(12), 121105 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Weng, Y.

Wu, H.

Wu, S. T.

Xu, D.

Xu, F.

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, A. M.

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yi, X.

Yu, C.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zeldovich, B. Y.

Zhan, Q.

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, M.

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, C. X.

Zheng, L. Y.

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

Zhou, X.

Zhu, G.

Adv. Mater. (2)

H. Ma, A. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, “Polymer‐based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Du, F. Fan, A. M. W. Tam, J. Sun, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. Sing Kwok, “Complex nanoscale‐ordered liquid crystal polymer film for high transmittance holographic polarizer,” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7191–7195 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (2)

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, S. J. Ge, W. Duan, W. Hu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of self-healing and transverse accelerating optical vortices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(12), 121105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

K. Ichimura, “Photoalignment of liquid-crystal systems,” Chem. Rev. 100(5), 1847–1874 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

O. Cakmakci and J. Rolland, “Head-worn displays: a review,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(3), 199–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

C. Benecke, H. Seiberle, and M. Schadt, “Determination of director distributions in liquid crystal polymer-films by means of generalized anisotropic ellipsometry,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 525–531 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, A. Schuster, and S. M. Kelly, “Photo-generation of linearly polymerized liquid crystal aligning layers comprising novel integrated optically patterned retarders and color filters,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34(Part 1, No. 6A), 3240–3249 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, K. Schmitt, V. Kozinkov, and V. Chigrinov, “Surface-induced parallel alignment of liquid crystals by linearly polymerized photopolymers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(1), 2155–2164 (1992).
[Crossref]

Langmuir (1)

D. Liu and D. J. Broer, “Liquid crystal polymer networks: preparation, properties, and applications of films with patterned molecular alignment,” Langmuir 30(45), 13499–13509 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

S. Tanzilli, A. Martin, F. Kaiser, M. P. De Micheli, O. Alibart, and D. B. Ostrowsky, “On the genesis and evolution of integrated quantum optics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 115–143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

T. Lei, M. Zhang, Y. Li, P. Jia, G. N. Liu, X. Xu, Z. Li, C. Min, J. Lin, C. Yu, H. Niu, and X. Yuan, “Massive individual orbital angular momentum channels for multiplexing enabled by Dammann gratings,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e257 (2015).
[Crossref]

Makromol. Chem. (2)

D. J. Broer, H. Finkelmann, and K. Kondo, “In‐situ photopolymerization of an oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 189(1), 185–194 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. J. Broer, J. Boven, G. N. Mol, and G. Challa, “In‐situ photopolymerization of oriented liquid‐crystalline acrylates, 3. Oriented polymer networks from a mesogenic diacrylate,” Makromol. Chem. 190(9), 2255–2268 (1989).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal,” Nature 381(6579), 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optica (1)

Photonics Res. (1)

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Appl. (1)

P. Chen, S. J. Ge, L. L. Ma, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of equal-energy orbital angular momentum beams via photopatterned liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 5(4), 044009 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

L. Eldada, “Optical communication components,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(3), 575–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

W. Ji, C. H. Lee, P. Chen, W. Hu, Y. Ming, L. Zhang, T. H. Lin, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Meta-q-plate for complex beam shaping,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25528 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Y. Wei, P. Chen, W. Hu, W. Ji, L. Y. Zheng, S. J. Ge, Y. Ming, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Polarization-controllable Airy beams generated via a photoaligned director-variant liquid crystal mask,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17484 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of fabrication procedure for LCP q-plate and assembling of different optical films.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schemes, micrographs and output beam patterns of: (a) first q-plate, (b) after stacking a LCP QWP, (c) overlaying all desired films. The short black lines in blue plate indicate the LC director distribution in the q-plate and pink plate indicates QWP. Red and blue arrows represent the direction of polarizer and analyzer of microscope, respectively. White arrows show the direction of analyzer before CCD. The scale bars and color bar indicate 200 μm and relative optical intensity, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Output beam patterns of VVBs with: (a) m = 2, P = 12 and m = 12, P = 2, respectively. White arrows indicate the direction of analyzer and color bar reveals the relative optical intensity.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

M q = ( cos 2 α sin 2 α sin 2 α cos 2 α ) .
M Q W P = R ( θ ) ( 1 0 0 i ) R ( θ ) ,
E o u t = M q 2 M Q W P M q 1 E i n .
E o u t = E 0 e i 2 q 1 φ [ cos 2 q 2 φ sin 2 q 2 φ ]

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