Abstract

A design for efficient generation of mid-infrared pulses at 3.2 μm is presented, which is based on numerical simulations of the broadband-pumped dual-chirped optical parametric amplification (DC-OPA) in LiNbO3 doped with 5 mol.% MgO (MgO:LiNbO3). The broadband seed can be generated by difference frequency generation in KTA using spectrally-broadened Ti:Sapphire lasers. The broad DC-OPA phase-matching bandwidth-spanning from 2.4 μm to 4.0 μm-is achieved by chirping both the broadband Ti:Sapphire pump pulses and the seed pulses in such a way that the individual temporal slice of pump spectrum is able to phase match that of seed spectrum. This phase matching scheme allows the use of longer crystals without gain narrowing or loss of conversion efficiency. The theoretical conversion efficiency from the pump to the idler reaches 19.1 %, enabling generation of a few hundred mJ of mid-IR energy with an available large-aperture MgO:LiNbO3 crystal. Furthermore, the commercially available acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter (AOPDF) ensures compression of such a broad bandwidth down to 20 fs (two optical cycles at 3.2 μm).

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (7)

Z. Chang, P. B. Corkum, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond optics and technology: Progress to-date and future prospects (Invited),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, 1081–1097 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yin, J. Li, X. Ren, K. Zhao, Y. Wu, E. Cunningham, and Z. Chang, “High-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in BiB3O6 for generation of 3mJ, two-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-stable pulses at 1.7 μm,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1142–1145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wandel, M. Lin, Y. Yin, G. Xu, and I. Jovanovic, “Parametric generation and characterization of femtosecond mid-infrared pulses in ZnGeP2,” Opt. Express 24, 5287–5299 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Malevich, T. Kanai, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, and A. Pugzlys, “Broadband mid-infrared pulses from potassium titanyl arsenate/zinc germanium phosphate optical parametric amplifier pumped by Tm, Ho-fiber-seeded Ho:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 41, 930–933 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Sanchez, M. Hemmer, M. Baudisch, S. Cousin, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, O. Chalus, C. Simon-Boisson, and J. Biegert, “7 μm, ultrafast, sub-millijoule-level mid-infrared optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier pumped at 2 μm,” Optica 3, 147–150 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Kaneshima, N. Ishii, K. Takeuchi, and J. Itatani, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable mid-infrared pulses via dual-wavelength optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Express 24, 8660–8665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

Y. Fu, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “High-energy infrared femtosecond pulses generated by dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5082–5085 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fu, E. Takahashi, Q. Zhang, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization and characterization of dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” J. Opt. 17, 124001 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Silva, S. M. Teichmann, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “Spatiotemporal isolation of attosecond soft x-ray pulses in the water window,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7611–7616 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

M. Chini, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “The Generation, Characterization, and Applications of Broadband Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8, 178–186 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Fattahi, H. G. Barros, M. Gorjan, T. Nubbemeyer, B. Alsaif, C. Y. Teisset, M. Schultze, S. Prinz, M. Haefner, M. Ueffing, A. Alismail, L. Vámos, A. Schwarz, O. Pronin, J. Brons, X. T. Geng, G. Arisholm, M. Ciappina, V. S. Yakovlev, D.-E. Kim, A. M. Azzeer, N. Karpowicz, D. Sutter, Z. Major, T. Metzger, and F. Krausz, “Third-generation femtosecond technology,” Optica 1, 45–63 (2014).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Hong, C.-J. Lai, J. P. Siqueira, P. Krogen, J. Moses, C.-L. Chang, G. J. Stein, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Multi-mj, khz, 2.1 μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and high-flux soft x-ray high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3145–3148 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (4)

2008 (3)

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-Order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Two-optical-cycle pulses in the mid-infrared from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2901–2903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

C.J. Fecko, J.J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, “Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 μm with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 241, 521–528 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

C. Giulio and D. Sandro, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804 (2001).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

Alisauskas, S.

Ališauskas, S.

Alismail, A.

Alsaif, B.

Andriukaitis, G.

Arisholm, G.

Azzeer, A. M.

Balciunas, T.

Baltuska, A.

Baltuška, A.

Barros, H. G.

Bates, P.

Baudisch, M.

Biegert, J.

Bock, M.

M. Bock, L. von Grafenstein, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Picosecond 40 mJ, 1 kHz Ho:YLF Amplifier at 2 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STu4M.4.

Bodnar, N.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53, 051507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Boivin, M.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brida, D.

Brons, J.

Cerullo, G.

Chalus, O.

Chang, C.-L.

Chang, Z.

Y. Yin, J. Li, X. Ren, K. Zhao, Y. Wu, E. Cunningham, and Z. Chang, “High-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in BiB3O6 for generation of 3mJ, two-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-stable pulses at 1.7 μm,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1142–1145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, P. B. Corkum, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond optics and technology: Progress to-date and future prospects (Invited),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, 1081–1097 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “The Generation, Characterization, and Applications of Broadband Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8, 178–186 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Zhao, Q. Zhang, M. Chini, Y. Wu, X. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Tailoring a 67 attosecond pulse through advantageous phase-mismatch,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3891–3893 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase shift caused by variation of grating separation,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3113–3115 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

Cheng, Y.

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chini, M.

M. Chini, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “The Generation, Characterization, and Applications of Broadband Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8, 178–186 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Zhao, Q. Zhang, M. Chini, Y. Wu, X. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Tailoring a 67 attosecond pulse through advantageous phase-mismatch,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3891–3893 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciappina, M.

Cirmi, G.

Corkum, P. B.

Cousin, S.

Cousin, S. L.

F. Silva, S. M. Teichmann, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “Spatiotemporal isolation of attosecond soft x-ray pulses in the water window,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7611–7616 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, E.

Danielius, R.

De Silvestri, S.

Deng, Y.

Elsaesser, T.

M. Bock, L. von Grafenstein, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Picosecond 40 mJ, 1 kHz Ho:YLF Amplifier at 2 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STu4M.4.

Erny, C.

Fattahi, H.

Fecko, C.J.

C.J. Fecko, J.J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, “Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 μm with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 241, 521–528 (2004).
[Crossref]

Feit, M. D.

Fleck, J. A.

Forget, N.

French, D.

Fu, Y.

Y. Fu, E. Takahashi, Q. Zhang, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization and characterization of dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” J. Opt. 17, 124001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Fu, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “High-energy infrared femtosecond pulses generated by dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5082–5085 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuji, T.

Gallmann, L.

Galvanauskas, A.

Geng, X. T.

Gilbertson, S.

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Giniunas, L.

Giulio, C.

C. Giulio and D. Sandro, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gorjan, M.

Griebner, U.

M. Bock, L. von Grafenstein, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Picosecond 40 mJ, 1 kHz Ho:YLF Amplifier at 2 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STu4M.4.

Gu, X.

Haag, M.

Haefner, M.

Heese, C.

Hemmer, M.

Holzwarth, R.

Hong, K.

P. Krogen, H. Liang, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, T. Lang, U. Morgner, J. Moses, F. Kaertner, and K. Hong, “Octave-spanning 1.5-optical-cycle 6.5-μm OPA pumped by 2.1-μm OPCPA,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STu3I.4.

Hong, K.-H.

Hoogland, H.

Huang, S.

Ibrahim, H.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishii, N.

Ishikawa, K. L.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-Order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishizuki, H.

Itatani, J.

K. Kaneshima, N. Ishii, K. Takeuchi, and J. Itatani, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable mid-infrared pulses via dual-wavelength optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Express 24, 8660–8665 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014)
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N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Sub-two-cycle millijoule optical pulses at 1600 nm from a BiB3O6 optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” in “CLEO: 2015,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. SF1M.3.

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Kanai, T.

P. Malevich, T. Kanai, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, and A. Pugzlys, “Broadband mid-infrared pulses from potassium titanyl arsenate/zinc germanium phosphate optical parametric amplifier pumped by Tm, Ho-fiber-seeded Ho:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 41, 930–933 (2016).
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N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014)
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N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Sub-two-cycle, carrier-envelope phase-stable, intense optical pulses at 1.6 μm from a BiB3O6 optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4182–4184 (2012).
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Kaneshima, K.

K. Kaneshima, N. Ishii, K. Takeuchi, and J. Itatani, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable mid-infrared pulses via dual-wavelength optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Express 24, 8660–8665 (2016).
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N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014)
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N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Sub-two-cycle, carrier-envelope phase-stable, intense optical pulses at 1.6 μm from a BiB3O6 optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4182–4184 (2012).
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N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014)
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B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014)
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B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014)
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S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105 (2008).
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C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase shift caused by variation of grating separation,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3113–3115 (2006).
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Lin, M.

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C.J. Fecko, J.J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, “Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 μm with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 241, 521–528 (2004).
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Y. Fu, E. Takahashi, Q. Zhang, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization and characterization of dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” J. Opt. 17, 124001 (2015).
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S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105 (2008).
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Y. Fu, E. Takahashi, Q. Zhang, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization and characterization of dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” J. Opt. 17, 124001 (2015).
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Y. Fu, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “High-energy infrared femtosecond pulses generated by dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5082–5085 (2015).
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Q. Zhang, E. Takahashi, O. Mücke, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Dual-chirped optical parametric amplification for generating few hundred mJ infrared pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 7190–7212 (2011).
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E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-Order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
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Moon, E.

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105 (2008).
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C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase shift caused by variation of grating separation,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3113–3115 (2006).
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P. Krogen, H. Liang, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, T. Lang, U. Morgner, J. Moses, F. Kaertner, and K. Hong, “Octave-spanning 1.5-optical-cycle 6.5-μm OPA pumped by 2.1-μm OPCPA,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STu3I.4.

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Mücke, O.

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E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-Order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
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Pocius, J.

Poitras, F.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014)
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B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014)
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P. Krogen, H. Liang, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, T. Lang, U. Morgner, J. Moses, F. Kaertner, and K. Hong, “Octave-spanning 1.5-optical-cycle 6.5-μm OPA pumped by 2.1-μm OPCPA,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STu3I.4.

Schwarz, A.

Shah, L.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53, 051507 (2013).
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B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014)
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C.J. Fecko, J.J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, “Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 μm with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 241, 521–528 (2004).
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A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53, 051507 (2013).
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N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Sub-two-cycle, carrier-envelope phase-stable, intense optical pulses at 1.6 μm from a BiB3O6 optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4182–4184 (2012).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Effects of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet spectra from double optical gating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111105 (2008).
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J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
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J. Opt. (1)

Y. Fu, E. Takahashi, Q. Zhang, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization and characterization of dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” J. Opt. 17, 124001 (2015).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Commun. (3)

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014)
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F. Silva, S. M. Teichmann, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “Spatiotemporal isolation of attosecond soft x-ray pulses in the water window,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7611–7616 (2015).
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B. E. Schmidt, N. Thire, M. Boivin, A. Laramee, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Legare, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014)
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Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Chini, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “The Generation, Characterization, and Applications of Broadband Isolated Attosecond Pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8, 178–186 (2014).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

C.J. Fecko, J.J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, “Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 μm with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 241, 521–528 (2004).
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Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53, 051507 (2013).
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Opt. Express (8)

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express 15, 15035–15040 (2007).
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Q. Zhang, E. Takahashi, O. Mücke, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Dual-chirped optical parametric amplification for generating few hundred mJ infrared pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 7190–7212 (2011).
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Y. C. Yin, D. French, and I. Jovanovic, “Ultrafast temporal pulse shaping via phase-sensitive three-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 18, 18471–18482 (2010)
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S. Wandel, M. Lin, Y. Yin, G. Xu, and I. Jovanovic, “Parametric generation and characterization of femtosecond mid-infrared pulses in ZnGeP2,” Opt. Express 24, 5287–5299 (2016).
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K. Kaneshima, N. Ishii, K. Takeuchi, and J. Itatani, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable mid-infrared pulses via dual-wavelength optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Express 24, 8660–8665 (2016).
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O. Chalus, P. Bates, M. Smolarski, and J. Biegert, “Mid-IR short-pulse OPCPA with micro-Joule energy at 100 kHz,” Opt. Express 17, 3587–3594 (2009).
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C. Erny, C. Heese, M. Haag, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier producing 1-μJ, sub-100-fs pulses in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express 17, 1340–1345 (2009).
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H. Suchowski, P. Krogen, S. Huang, F. Kärtner, and J. Moses, “Octave-spanning coherent mid-IR generation via adiabatic difference frequency conversion,” Opt. Express 21, 28892–28901 (2013).
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Opt. Lett. (14)

H. Fattahi, A. Schwarz, S. Keiber, and N. Karpowicz, “Efficient, octave-spanning difference-frequency generation using few-cycle pulses in simple collinear geometry,” Opt. Lett. 38, 4216–4219 (2013).
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C. Li, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Carrier-envelope phase shift caused by variation of grating separation,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3113–3115 (2006).
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K. Zhao, H. Zhong, P. Yuan, G. Xie, J. Wang, J. Ma, and L. Qian, “Generation of 120 GW mid-infrared pulses from a widely tunable noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38, 2159–2161 (2013).
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G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, S. Alisauskas, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “90 GW peak power few-cycle mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2755–2757 (2011).
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P. Malevich, T. Kanai, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, and A. Pugzlys, “Broadband mid-infrared pulses from potassium titanyl arsenate/zinc germanium phosphate optical parametric amplifier pumped by Tm, Ho-fiber-seeded Ho:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 41, 930–933 (2016).
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Y. Fu, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “High-energy infrared femtosecond pulses generated by dual-chirped optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5082–5085 (2015).
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D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Two-optical-cycle pulses in the mid-infrared from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2901–2903 (2008).
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Y. Deng, A. Schwarz, H. Fattahi, M. Ueffing, X. Gu, M. Ossiander, T. Metzger, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, G. Marcus, F. Krausz, R. Kienberger, and N. Karpowicz, “Carrier-envelope-phase-stable, 1.2 mJ, 1.5 cycle laser pulses at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4973–4975 (2012).
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N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Sub-two-cycle, carrier-envelope phase-stable, intense optical pulses at 1.6 μm from a BiB3O6 optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4182–4184 (2012).
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K.-H. Hong, C.-J. Lai, J. P. Siqueira, P. Krogen, J. Moses, C.-L. Chang, G. J. Stein, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Multi-mj, khz, 2.1 μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and high-flux soft x-ray high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3145–3148 (2014).
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Y. Yin, J. Li, X. Ren, K. Zhao, Y. Wu, E. Cunningham, and Z. Chang, “High-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in BiB3O6 for generation of 3mJ, two-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-stable pulses at 1.7 μm,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1142–1145 (2016).
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Optica (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

B. Shan and Z. Chang, “Dramatic extension of the high-order harmonic cutoff by using a long-wavelength driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent Water Window X Ray by Phase-Matched High-Order Harmonic Generation in Neutral Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. Giulio and D. Sandro, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

R.M. Wood, Laser Damage in Optical Materials (Hilger, Boston, 1986).

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Sub-two-cycle millijoule optical pulses at 1600 nm from a BiB3O6 optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” in “CLEO: 2015,” (Optical Society of America, 2015), p. SF1M.3.

P. Krogen, H. Liang, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, T. Lang, U. Morgner, J. Moses, F. Kaertner, and K. Hong, “Octave-spanning 1.5-optical-cycle 6.5-μm OPA pumped by 2.1-μm OPCPA,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STu3I.4.

M. Bock, L. von Grafenstein, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Picosecond 40 mJ, 1 kHz Ho:YLF Amplifier at 2 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STu4M.4.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 2003).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

DFG spectra in KTA crystals with different thicknesses, cut at 41.5° in the XZ plane.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The calculated phase-matching efficiency as a function of pump and idler wavelengths for a noncollinear configuration (PM angle θ = 44.4°, noncollinear angle α = 0.5°). The black line represents the chirped signal pulse with its corresponding wavelengths marked by the left axis and its temporal chirp marked by the top axis. (a) 2 mm MgO:LiNbO3; (b) 4 mm MgO:LiNbO3.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation results of the broadband-pumped DC-OPA in a 2.4 mm MgO:LiNbO3.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation results of the broadband-pumped DC-OPA in a 4.8 mm MgO:LiNbO3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic drawing for a proof-of-principle experiment for demonstrating DC-OPA.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Dispersion of bulk material at 3 μm.

Equations (9)

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d A 1 d z = j 2 d eff ω 1 2 k 1 c 2 A 2 * A 3 exp ( j Δ k z ) ,
d A 2 d z = j 2 d eff ω 1 2 k 2 c 2 A 1 * A 3 exp ( j Δ k z )
d A 3 d z = j 2 d eff ω 3 2 k 3 c 2 A 1 A 2 exp ( j Δ k z ) ,
A i ( ω ) A i ( ω ) exp ( j n i ( ω ) ω d z / c ) ,
A i ( t ) A i ( t ) exp ( j n 2 SPM ω i I i ( t ) d z / c ) ,
A 1 , 2 ( t ) A 3 ( t ) exp ( j n 2 XPM ω i I i ( t ) d z / c ) ,
A i ( ω ) A i ( ω ) exp ( j n 1 ( ω 1 ) ω 1 d z / c ) ,
G = I s ( L c ) I s 0 = 1 4 exp ( 2 Γ L c ) ,
Γ 2 = 8 π 2 d eff 2 I p n i n s n p λ i λ s 0 c 0 ,

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