Abstract

Terahertz (THz) wave detection and emission via Cherenkov-phase-matched nonlinear optical effects at 1.55-μm optical wavelength were demonstrated using a GaAs with metal-coating (M-G-M) and bare GaAs as a reference sample in conjunction with a metallic tapered parallel-plate waveguide (TPPWG). The metal-coated GaAs is superior to the bare wafer both as a THz electro-optic detector and as an emitter. Significant improvements in the detection and emission efficiency were obtained by utilizing a metal-coating due to better confinement and lower loss of the THz waves propagating in the M-G-M compared with bare GaAs.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]

2014 (2)

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. J. Dietz, B. Globisch, H. Roehle, D. Stanze, T. Göbel, and M. Schell, “Influence and adjustment of carrier lifetimes in InGaAs/InAlAs photoconductive pulsed terahertz detectors: 6 THz bandwidth and 90dB dynamic range,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19411–19422 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

M. Tani, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Horita, C. T. Que, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, and M. I. Bakunov, “Non-ellipsometric detection of terahertz radiation using heterodyne EO sampling in the Cherenkov velocity matching scheme,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9277–9288 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

A. Schneider, M. Stillhart, Z. Yang, F. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Improved emission and coherent detection of few-cycle terahertz transients using laser pulses at 1.5 μm,” Proc. SPIE 6582, 658211 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

S. Ya. Tochitsky, J. E. Ralph, C. Sung, and C. Joshi, “Generation of megawatt-power terahertz pulses by noncollinear difference-frequency mixing in GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(2), 026101 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

S. P. Mickan and X. C. Zhang, “T-ray sensing and imaging,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 13(2), 601–676 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. A. Liu, M. Tani, M. Nakajima, M. Hangyo, and C. L. Pan, “Ultrabroadband terahertz field detection by photoconductive antennas based on multi-energy arsenic-ion-implanted GaAs and semi-insulating GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1322–1324 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, “Detectors and sources for ultrabroadband electro-optic sampling: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1516–1518 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro‐optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

Akiba, T.

Alexander, M.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Auston, D. H.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Bakunov, M.

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Bakunov, M. I.

Beigang, R.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bessho, T.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bliss, D.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Brunner, F.

A. Schneider, M. Stillhart, Z. Yang, F. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Improved emission and coherent detection of few-cycle terahertz transients using laser pulses at 1.5 μm,” Proc. SPIE 6582, 658211 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. C.

L. C. Chen and W. H. Fan, “Numerical simulation of terahertz generation and detection based on ultrafast photoconductive antennas,” Proc. SPIE 8195, 81950K (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

Cheung, K. P.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

delos Santos, R.

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Dietz, R. J.

Estacio, E.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Tani, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Horita, C. T. Que, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, and M. I. Bakunov, “Non-ellipsometric detection of terahertz radiation using heterodyne EO sampling in the Cherenkov velocity matching scheme,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9277–9288 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tani, K. Horita, T. Kinoshita, C. T. Que, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, and M. I. Bakunov, “Efficient electro-optic sampling detection of terahertz radiation via Cherenkov phase matching,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19901–19906 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Estacio, E. S.

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, W. H.

L. C. Chen and W. H. Fan, “Numerical simulation of terahertz generation and detection based on ultrafast photoconductive antennas,” Proc. SPIE 8195, 81950K (2011).
[Crossref]

Furuya, T.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Globisch, B.

Göbel, T.

Günter, P.

A. Schneider, M. Stillhart, Z. Yang, F. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Improved emission and coherent detection of few-cycle terahertz transients using laser pulses at 1.5 μm,” Proc. SPIE 6582, 658211 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hangyo, M.

T. A. Liu, M. Tani, M. Nakajima, M. Hangyo, and C. L. Pan, “Ultrabroadband terahertz field detection by photoconductive antennas based on multi-energy arsenic-ion-implanted GaAs and semi-insulating GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1322–1324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hibi, M.

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hirosumi, T.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Horita, K.

Hunsche, S.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, “Detectors and sources for ultrabroadband electro-optic sampling: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1516–1518 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

Jin, Y.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Joshi, C.

S. Ya. Tochitsky, J. E. Ralph, C. Sung, and C. Joshi, “Generation of megawatt-power terahertz pulses by noncollinear difference-frequency mixing in GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(2), 026101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kawase, K.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Suizu, T. Shibuya, T. Akiba, T. Tutui, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Cherenkov phase-matched monochromatic THzwave generation using difference frequency generation with a lithium niobate crystal,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7493–7498 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kinoshita, T.

Kleinman, D. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Knox, W. H.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, “Detectors and sources for ultrabroadband electro-optic sampling: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1516–1518 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kurihara, K.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Kuwashima, F.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Larkin, J.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Leitenstorfer, A.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, “Detectors and sources for ultrabroadband electro-optic sampling: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1516–1518 (1999).
[Crossref]

Liu, T. A.

T. A. Liu, M. Tani, M. Nakajima, M. Hangyo, and C. L. Pan, “Ultrabroadband terahertz field detection by photoconductive antennas based on multi-energy arsenic-ion-implanted GaAs and semi-insulating GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1322–1324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ma, X. F.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Maki, K.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mendis, R.

Mickan, S. P.

S. P. Mickan and X. C. Zhang, “T-ray sensing and imaging,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 13(2), 601–676 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mittleman, D. M.

Miyamaru, F.

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nagai, M.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nagase, T.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Tani, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Horita, C. T. Que, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, and M. I. Bakunov, “Non-ellipsometric detection of terahertz radiation using heterodyne EO sampling in the Cherenkov velocity matching scheme,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9277–9288 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Nakajima, M.

T. A. Liu, M. Tani, M. Nakajima, M. Hangyo, and C. L. Pan, “Ultrabroadband terahertz field detection by photoconductive antennas based on multi-energy arsenic-ion-implanted GaAs and semi-insulating GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1322–1324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Namba, S.

Nishizawa, S.

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Nuss, M. C.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, “Detectors and sources for ultrabroadband electro-optic sampling: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1516–1518 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ohtake, H.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Otani, C.

K. Suizu, T. Shibuya, T. Akiba, T. Tutui, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Cherenkov phase-matched monochromatic THzwave generation using difference frequency generation with a lithium niobate crystal,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7493–7498 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ozawa, S.

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Pan, C. L.

T. A. Liu, M. Tani, M. Nakajima, M. Hangyo, and C. L. Pan, “Ultrabroadband terahertz field detection by photoconductive antennas based on multi-energy arsenic-ion-implanted GaAs and semi-insulating GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1322–1324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Que, C. T.

Ralph, J. E.

S. Ya. Tochitsky, J. E. Ralph, C. Sung, and C. Joshi, “Generation of megawatt-power terahertz pulses by noncollinear difference-frequency mixing in GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(2), 026101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rau, C.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rice, A.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Roehle, H.

Saito, K.

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sakon, T.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schell, M.

Schneider, A.

A. Schneider, M. Stillhart, Z. Yang, F. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Improved emission and coherent detection of few-cycle terahertz transients using laser pulses at 1.5 μm,” Proc. SPIE 6582, 658211 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shah, J.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, “Detectors and sources for ultrabroadband electro-optic sampling: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1516–1518 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shibuya, T.

Somintac, A.

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Stanze, D.

Stillhart, M.

A. Schneider, M. Stillhart, Z. Yang, F. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Improved emission and coherent detection of few-cycle terahertz transients using laser pulses at 1.5 μm,” Proc. SPIE 6582, 658211 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sugiura, T.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Suizu, K.

Sung, C.

S. Ya. Tochitsky, J. E. Ralph, C. Sung, and C. Joshi, “Generation of megawatt-power terahertz pulses by noncollinear difference-frequency mixing in GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(2), 026101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Takeshima, D.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Tanaka, K.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tani, M.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Tani, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Horita, C. T. Que, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, and M. I. Bakunov, “Non-ellipsometric detection of terahertz radiation using heterodyne EO sampling in the Cherenkov velocity matching scheme,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9277–9288 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tani, K. Horita, T. Kinoshita, C. T. Que, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, and M. I. Bakunov, “Efficient electro-optic sampling detection of terahertz radiation via Cherenkov phase matching,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19901–19906 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Liu, M. Tani, M. Nakajima, M. Hangyo, and C. L. Pan, “Ultrabroadband terahertz field detection by photoconductive antennas based on multi-energy arsenic-ion-implanted GaAs and semi-insulating GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1322–1324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, M. Tani, Z. Jiang, and X. C. Zhang, “Electro-optic transceivers for terahertz-wave applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(6), 823–831 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Theuer, M.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tochitsky, S. Ya.

S. Ya. Tochitsky, J. E. Ralph, C. Sung, and C. Joshi, “Generation of megawatt-power terahertz pulses by noncollinear difference-frequency mixing in GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(2), 026101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Torosyan, G.

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tsuzuki, S.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Tutui, T.

Valdmanis, J. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro‐optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, K.

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Tani, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Horita, C. T. Que, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, and M. I. Bakunov, “Non-ellipsometric detection of terahertz radiation using heterodyne EO sampling in the Cherenkov velocity matching scheme,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9277–9288 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tani, K. Horita, T. Kinoshita, C. T. Que, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, and M. I. Bakunov, “Efficient electro-optic sampling detection of terahertz radiation via Cherenkov phase matching,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19901–19906 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Yang, Z.

A. Schneider, M. Stillhart, Z. Yang, F. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Improved emission and coherent detection of few-cycle terahertz transients using laser pulses at 1.5 μm,” Proc. SPIE 6582, 658211 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, M.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. C.

S. P. Mickan and X. C. Zhang, “T-ray sensing and imaging,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 13(2), 601–676 (2003).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, M. Tani, Z. Jiang, and X. C. Zhang, “Electro-optic transceivers for terahertz-wave applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(6), 823–831 (2001).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro‐optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.-C.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Sakon, T. Kinoshita, T. Nagase, K. Kurihara, K. Yamamoto, F. Kuwashima, T. Furuya, E. Estacio, K. Kawase, M. I. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Highly sensitive electro-optic sampling of terahertz waves using field enhancement in a tapered waveguide structure,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

M. Theuer, G. Torosyan, C. Rau, R. Beigang, K. Maki, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “Efficient generation of Cherenkov-type terahertz radiation from a lithium niobate crystal with a silicon prism output coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(7), 071122 (2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro‐optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, “Detectors and sources for ultrabroadband electro-optic sampling: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1516–1518 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

T. A. Liu, M. Tani, M. Nakajima, M. Hangyo, and C. L. Pan, “Ultrabroadband terahertz field detection by photoconductive antennas based on multi-energy arsenic-ion-implanted GaAs and semi-insulating GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1322–1324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. (1)

S. P. Mickan and X. C. Zhang, “T-ray sensing and imaging,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 13(2), 601–676 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Ya. Tochitsky, J. E. Ralph, C. Sung, and C. Joshi, “Generation of megawatt-power terahertz pulses by noncollinear difference-frequency mixing in GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(2), 026101 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves (1)

E. S. Estacio, M. Hibi, K. Saito, C. T. Que, T. Furuya, F. Miyamaru, S. Nishizawa, K. Yamamoto, and M. Tani, “Saturation and polarization characteristics of 1.56 μm optical probe pulses in a LTG-GaAs photoconductive antenna terahertz detector,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(7–8), 423–430 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov radiation from femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(16), 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

L. C. Chen and W. H. Fan, “Numerical simulation of terahertz generation and detection based on ultrafast photoconductive antennas,” Proc. SPIE 8195, 81950K (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Schneider, M. Stillhart, Z. Yang, F. Brunner, and P. Günter, “Improved emission and coherent detection of few-cycle terahertz transients using laser pulses at 1.5 μm,” Proc. SPIE 6582, 658211 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

Y. S. Lee, Principles of Terahertz Science and Technology (Springer Science and Business Media, 2009), Chap. 3.

I. Wilke and S. Sengupta, “Nonlinear optical techniques for terahertz pulse generation and detection - optical rectification and electrooptic sampling,” in Terahertz Spectroscopy: Principles and Applications, S. L. Dexheimer, ed. (Chemical Rubber Company, 2007), pp. 41–72.

S. Ozawa, T. Nagase, S. Tsuzuki, D. Takeshima, T. Furuya, S. Nishizawa, K. Kurihara, F. Kuwashima, R. delos Santos, A. Somintac, E. Estacio, K. Yamamoto, M. Bakunov, and M. Tani, “Detection of THz radiation by using GaAs in Cherenkov-phase-matched electro-optic sampling,” in Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

M. Levinstein, S. Rumyantsev, and M. Shur, eds., “Handbook series on semiconductor parameters,” http://www.ioffe.rssi.ru/SVA/NSM/Semicond/GaAs/mechanic.html#Phonon , accessed last January 21, 2016.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2003), Chap. 1.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1991), Chap. 18.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the experimental setup for detection of THz waves using GaAs-EO crystal with Cherenkov-phase-matched EO sampling in the balanced detection scheme. The probe beam polarization was at 45° and 0°/90° with respect to the z-axis of GaAs in order to detect TM- and TE-polarized THz waves, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Size (not drawn into scale) and crystal orientation of the M-G-M sample, (b) structure of the TPPWG and (c) top view and side view of the TPPWG showing M-G-M or GaAs sample sandwiched between the walls of the PPWG section. The incident and refracted angles of THz and optical beams are also shown.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic of the experimental setup for Cherenkov-type generation of THz waves using GaAs crystal.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) EO signals from 600μm-thick bare GaAs and 600μm-thick GaAs with metal-coat samples inserted into the TPPWG and (b) the corresponding logarithmic THz amplitude spectra. The peak frequency of the spectra is ~0.2 THz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Logarithmic THz amplitudes of (a) TM-polarized and (b) TE-polarized THz waves detected by 600μm-thick bare GaAs and 600μm-thick GaAs with metal-coat samples inserted into the TPPWG.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Waveforms of Cherenkov THz radiation from 600μm-thick bare GaAs and 600μm-thick GaAs with metal-coat samples inserted into the TPPWG.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Logarithmic THz intensities of (a) TM-polarized and (b) TE-polarized Cherenkov THz radiation from 600μm-thick bare GaAs and 600μm-thick GaAs with metal-coat samples inserted into the TPPWG.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical properties of LiNbO3, ZnTe, and GaAs.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ΔI I =ΔΓ= 1 2 ω opt c r 41 E THz d n opt 3 = ΔV V ¯ = V A V B ( V A + V B )/2
ΔI I =ΔΓ= ω opt c r 41 E THz d n opt 3 = ΔV V ¯ = V A V B ( V A + V B )/2
f c = c 2nb
W= 4λf M 2 πD

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