Abstract

We report an all-fiber passively mode-locked laser based on a saturable absorber fabricated by filling short single-wall carbon nanotubes into cladding holes of grapefruit-type photonic crystal fiber. The single-wall carbon nanotube is insensitive to polarization of light for its one-dimensional structure, which suppresses the polarization dependence loss. Carbon nanotubes interact with photonic crystal fiber with ultra-weak evanescent field, which enhances the damage threshold of the saturable absorber and improves the operating stability. In our experiment, conventional soliton with a pulse duration of 1.003 ps and center wavelength of 1566.36 nm under a pump power of 240 mW is generated in a compact erbium-doped fiber laser cavity with net anomalous dispersion of −0.4102 ps2. The signal to noise ratio of the fundamental frequency component is ~80 dB. The maximum average output power of the mode-locked laser reaches 9.56 mW under a pump power of 360 mW. The output power can be further improved by a higher pump power.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

L. Gao, T. Zhu, Y. Li, W. Huang, and M. Liu, “Watt-level ultrafast fiber laser based on weak evanescent interaction with reduced graphene oxide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1245–1248 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang and C. Zhang, “A switchable femtosecond and picosecond soliton fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. 25(7), 075104 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Szczepanek, T. M. Kardaś, M. Michalska, C. Radzewicz, and Y. Stepanenko, “Simple all-PM-fiber laser mode-locked with a nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3500–3503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

K. Sugioka and Y. Cheng, “Ultrafast lasers—reliable tools for advanced materials processing,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e149 (2014).

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “Pulse bundles and passive harmonic mode-locked pulses in Tm-doped fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6147–6153 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Jeong, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, Y. H. Cha, D. Y. Jeong, and D. I. Yeom, “All-fiber mode-locked laser oscillator with pulse energy of 34 nJ using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22667–22672 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (11)

Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Nanoscale charcoal powder induced saturable absorption and mode-locking of a low-gain erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055105 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18937–18942 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, A. Marini, and D. V. Skryabin, “Graphene-clad tapered fiber: effective nonlinearity and propagation losses,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5244–5247 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G. R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled carbon nanotube based saturable absorbers for passive mode-locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, A. C. Bartnik, Q. Q. Tai, and F. W. Wise, “Generation of 8 nJ pulses from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser with a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1942–1944 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, J. H. Liou, C. P. Yu, and G. R. Lin, “Using graphene nano-particle embedded in photonic crystal fiber for evanescent wave mode-locking of fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16763–16776 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui and X. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Lin and G. R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045109 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

2011 (2)

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, X. He, and D. N. Wang, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3024–3026 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. L. Dennis and I. N. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1469–1477 (1994).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

areD. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “All-polarization maintaining femtosecond Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(8), 581–586 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arif, R.

Bao, Q. L.

Bartnik, A. C.

Cha, Y. H.

Chang, C. M.

Chen, X. Z.

Cheng, C. H.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, K. N.

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G. R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled carbon nanotube based saturable absorbers for passive mode-locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, W. H.

Cheng, Y.

K. Sugioka and Y. Cheng, “Ultrafast lasers—reliable tools for advanced materials processing,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e149 (2014).

Chi, Y. C.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Nanoscale charcoal powder induced saturable absorption and mode-locking of a low-gain erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chiu, J. C.

Choi, S. Y.

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui and X. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Dennis, M. L.

M. L. Dennis and I. N. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1469–1477 (1994).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Duling, I. N.

M. L. Dennis and I. N. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1469–1477 (1994).
[Crossref]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, Y. Li, W. Huang, and M. Liu, “Watt-level ultrafast fiber laser based on weak evanescent interaction with reduced graphene oxide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1245–1248 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Goh, C. S.

Gorbach, A. V.

Han, D.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

He, J. H.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, X.

Hu, J.

Hu, X.

Huang, W.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, Y. Li, W. Huang, and M. Liu, “Watt-level ultrafast fiber laser based on weak evanescent interaction with reduced graphene oxide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1245–1248 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Inoue, Y.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ivanenko, A.

Jablonski, M.

Jeong, D. Y.

Jeong, H.

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kardas, T. M.

Kieu, K.

Kim, D. Y.

Kobtsev, S.

Kukarin, S.

Lan, Y. F.

Lee, C. K.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. C. Chiu, Y. F. Lan, C. M. Chang, X. Z. Chen, C. Y. Yeh, C. K. Lee, G. R. Lin, J. J. Lin, and W. H. Cheng, “Concentration effect of carbon nanotube based saturable absorber on stabilizing and shortening mode-locked pulse,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3592–3600 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Li, Y.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, Y. Li, W. Huang, and M. Liu, “Watt-level ultrafast fiber laser based on weak evanescent interaction with reduced graphene oxide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1245–1248 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liao, C. R.

Lin, G. R.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin and G. R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045109 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G. R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled carbon nanotube based saturable absorbers for passive mode-locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Nanoscale charcoal powder induced saturable absorption and mode-locking of a low-gain erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, J. H. Liou, C. P. Yu, and G. R. Lin, “Using graphene nano-particle embedded in photonic crystal fiber for evanescent wave mode-locking of fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16763–16776 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Chiu, Y. F. Lan, C. M. Chang, X. Z. Chen, C. Y. Yeh, C. K. Lee, G. R. Lin, J. J. Lin, and W. H. Cheng, “Concentration effect of carbon nanotube based saturable absorber on stabilizing and shortening mode-locked pulse,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3592–3600 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J. J.

Lin, S. F.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. H.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Nanoscale charcoal powder induced saturable absorption and mode-locking of a low-gain erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin and G. R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045109 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G. R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled carbon nanotube based saturable absorbers for passive mode-locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, J. H. Liou, C. P. Yu, and G. R. Lin, “Using graphene nano-particle embedded in photonic crystal fiber for evanescent wave mode-locking of fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16763–16776 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liou, J. H.

Liu, H.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, M.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, Y. Li, W. Huang, and M. Liu, “Watt-level ultrafast fiber laser based on weak evanescent interaction with reduced graphene oxide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1245–1248 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Liu, Z.

Liu, Z. B.

Liu, Z.-B.

Loh, K. P.

Lu, H.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

X. Li, X. Liu, X. Hu, L. Wang, H. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Long-cavity passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with high-energy rectangular-shape pulses in anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 35(19), 3249–3251 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, A.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Luo, A. P.

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Luo, Z. C.

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Macherzynski, W.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mansuripur, M.

Mao, D.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Marini, A.

Maruyama, S.

Mashinsky, V. M.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Michalska, M.

Mou, C.

Murakami, Y.

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Popa, D.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Radzewicz, C.

Rotermund, F.

Rozhin, A.

Seong, N. H.

Set, S. Y.

Skryabin, D. V.

Smirnov, S.

Sobon, G.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “All-polarization maintaining femtosecond Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(8), 581–586 (2012).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. W.

Sotor, J.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “All-polarization maintaining femtosecond Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(8), 581–586 (2012).
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Stepanenko, Y.

Sugioka, K.

K. Sugioka and Y. Cheng, “Ultrafast lasers—reliable tools for advanced materials processing,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e149 (2014).

Sun, Z.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Szczepanek, J.

Tai, Q. Q.

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
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Tang, D. Y.

Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
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Tseng, W. H.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
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Turitsyn, S.

von der Linde, D.

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Wang, D.

Wang, D. N.

Wang, F.

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, L.

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Wen, S. C.

Wen, S.-C.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Wise, F. W.

Wu, C. I.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. L.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H.

Xu, W.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Xu, W. C.

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
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Yaguchi, H.

Yamashita, S.

Yang, C. Y.

Yang, M.

Yeh, C. Y.

Yeom, D. I.

Yu, C. P.

Yun, L.

Zeng, C.

C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18937–18942 (2013).
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X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
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Zhang, C.

C. Zhang and C. Zhang, “A switchable femtosecond and picosecond soliton fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. 25(7), 075104 (2015).
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C. Zhang and C. Zhang, “A switchable femtosecond and picosecond soliton fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. 25(7), 075104 (2015).
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Zhang, H.

Zhang, L.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, C.-J.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, N.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Zhao, W.

Zhao, X.

Zheng, X.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

Zheng, X. W.

Zhou, P.

Zhu, T.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, Y. Li, W. Huang, and M. Liu, “Watt-level ultrafast fiber laser based on weak evanescent interaction with reduced graphene oxide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1245–1248 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
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ACS Photonics (1)

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

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[Crossref]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
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L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
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M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, Z. Luo, W. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S.-C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Gao, T. Zhu, Y. Li, W. Huang, and M. Liu, “Watt-level ultrafast fiber laser based on weak evanescent interaction with reduced graphene oxide,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1245–1248 (2016).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Phys. (2)

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G. R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled carbon nanotube based saturable absorbers for passive mode-locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
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C. Zhang and C. Zhang, “A switchable femtosecond and picosecond soliton fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. 25(7), 075104 (2015).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (5)

Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Nanoscale charcoal powder induced saturable absorption and mode-locking of a low-gain erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055105 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055102 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “All-polarization maintaining femtosecond Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(8), 581–586 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin and G. R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045109 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
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Light Sci. Appl. (1)

K. Sugioka and Y. Cheng, “Ultrafast lasers—reliable tools for advanced materials processing,” Light Sci. Appl. 3, e149 (2014).

Nat. Photonics (1)

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Opt. Express (9)

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C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18937–18942 (2013).
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J. C. Chiu, Y. F. Lan, C. M. Chang, X. Z. Chen, C. Y. Yeh, C. K. Lee, G. R. Lin, J. J. Lin, and W. H. Cheng, “Concentration effect of carbon nanotube based saturable absorber on stabilizing and shortening mode-locked pulse,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3592–3600 (2010).
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Opt. Lett. (11)

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Raman spectrum of SWCNTs, and the inset is SWCNT solution. (b) PDL of the SA, and the inset is the PCF filled with SWCNT solution.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Cross section of PCF. Diameters of the center region and inner cladding are about 3 μm and 18 μm, respectively. (b) Fundamental mode distribution of the PCF, and the distribution of light intensity on the red cutting line, where Ictr and Ih are the intensity in the center of PCF and the inner wall of holes respectively, and ξ is defined as the ratio of Ih and Ictr.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The schematic diagram of the ML. As seen in the dashed box, only the evanescent wave escaping from the center region of PCF interact with SWCNTs embedded in holes. (b) The insertion loss of PCF monitored by the OSA (SI720).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Output powers Vs. pump powers. Pout and Ppump are the output power and the pump power respectively. ηoutput is the slope of the fitting curve. (b) The output spectra for different pump powers. (c) The FWHM and center wavelengths of spectra for different pump powers. (d) The output spectrum for a pump power of 240 mW.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The pulse train in the time domain of ML. (b) The RF spectrum of pulses at the fundamental frequency of 9.1 MHz, and the inset is the RF spectrum of pulses within 100 MHz. (c) The autocorrelation trace of pulse and the sech2 fitting curve. (d) The pulse duration under different pump powers.

Equations (2)

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τ 2 = λ 2 2πc ( D e L e + D s L s ),
T= L tatol n/c,

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