Abstract

We demonstrate the transmission of 51.56-Gb/s on-off keying (OOK) signals generated by using a 1.55-μm directly modulated laser (DML) over 15-km long standard single-mode fiber. In this experiment, a duobinary electrical equalizer based on a finite-impulse-response filter is used at the receiver to increase the dispersion-limited transmission distance. We evaluate the performances of the 51.56-Gb/s OOK signals with respect to the transmission distance by using the frequency response analysis of the proposed system. This result is used to explain why it is effective to utilize the duobinary equalization (instead of binary equalization) for increasing the transmission distance.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
    [Crossref]
  2. W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. Y. Matsui, T. Pham, T. Sudo, G. Carey, and B. Young, “112-Gb/s WDM link using two directly modulated Al-MQW BH DFB lasers at 56 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th5B.6.
    [Crossref]
  4. K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
    [Crossref]
  6. L. Suhr, J. Olmos, B. Mao, X. Xu, G. Liu, and I. Monroy, “Direct modulation of 56 Gbps duobinary-4-PAM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th1E.7.
  7. D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
    [Crossref]
  8. Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).
  9. J. Zhou, C. Yu, and H. Kim, “Transmission performance of OOK and 4-PAM signals using directly modulated 1.5-μm VCSEL for optical access network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(15), 3243–3249 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Bae, H. Kim, and Y. Chung, “Transmission of 51.56-Gb/s OOK signal over 15 km of SSMF using directly-modulated 1.55-μm DFB laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Tu2J.5.
    [Crossref]
  12. N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  14. P. Winzer, F. Fidler, M. Matthews, L. Nelson, H. Thiele, J. Sinsky, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Winter, D. Castagnozzi, L. W. Stulz, and L. L. Buhl, “10-Gb/s upgrade of bidirectional CWDM systems using electronic equalization and FEC,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 203–210 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  15. P. Corvini and T. Koch, “Computer simulation of high-bit-rate optical fiber transmission using single-frequency lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(11), 1591–1595 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  16. F. Fidler, S. Cerimovic, and C. Dorrer, “High-speed optical characterization of intensity and phase dynamics of a 1.55 μm VCSEL for short-reach applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2006), paper OWI75.
    [Crossref]
  17. L. Bjerkan, A. Royset, L. Hafskjaer, and D. Myhre, “Measurement of laser parameters for simulation of high-speed fiberoptic systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 839–850 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  18. E. Peral, W. Marshall, and A. Yariv, “Precise measurement of semiconductor laser chirp using effect of propagation in dispersive fiber and application to simulation of transmission through fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(10), 1874–1880 (1998).
    [Crossref]

2015 (4)

K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, C. Yu, and H. Kim, “Transmission performance of OOK and 4-PAM signals using directly modulated 1.5-μm VCSEL for optical access network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(15), 3243–3249 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

L. Bjerkan, A. Royset, L. Hafskjaer, and D. Myhre, “Measurement of laser parameters for simulation of high-speed fiberoptic systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 839–850 (1996).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

P. Corvini and T. Koch, “Computer simulation of high-bit-rate optical fiber transmission using single-frequency lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(11), 1591–1595 (1987).
[Crossref]

Agata, A.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alic, N.

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
[Crossref]

Amann, M.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Bae, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, and Y. Chung, “Transmission of 51.56-Gb/s OOK signal over 15 km of SSMF using directly-modulated 1.55-μm DFB laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Tu2J.5.
[Crossref]

Bae, S. H.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bjerkan, L.

L. Bjerkan, A. Royset, L. Hafskjaer, and D. Myhre, “Measurement of laser parameters for simulation of high-speed fiberoptic systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 839–850 (1996).
[Crossref]

Buhl, L. L.

Carey, G.

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, T. Sudo, G. Carey, and B. Young, “112-Gb/s WDM link using two directly modulated Al-MQW BH DFB lasers at 56 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th5B.6.
[Crossref]

Castagnozzi, D.

Cerimovic, S.

F. Fidler, S. Cerimovic, and C. Dorrer, “High-speed optical characterization of intensity and phase dynamics of a 1.55 μm VCSEL for short-reach applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2006), paper OWI75.
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chung, Y.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Bae, H. Kim, and Y. Chung, “Transmission of 51.56-Gb/s OOK signal over 15 km of SSMF using directly-modulated 1.55-μm DFB laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Tu2J.5.
[Crossref]

Clarke, C.

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
[Crossref]

Coles, J.

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
[Crossref]

Corvini, P.

P. Corvini and T. Koch, “Computer simulation of high-bit-rate optical fiber transmission using single-frequency lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(11), 1591–1595 (1987).
[Crossref]

Daghighian, H.

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Daly, A.

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
[Crossref]

Doany, F.

D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
[Crossref]

Dong, P.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Dorrer, C.

F. Fidler, S. Cerimovic, and C. Dorrer, “High-speed optical characterization of intensity and phase dynamics of a 1.55 μm VCSEL for short-reach applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2006), paper OWI75.
[Crossref]

Fidler, F.

P. Winzer, F. Fidler, M. Matthews, L. Nelson, H. Thiele, J. Sinsky, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Winter, D. Castagnozzi, L. W. Stulz, and L. L. Buhl, “10-Gb/s upgrade of bidirectional CWDM systems using electronic equalization and FEC,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 203–210 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Fidler, S. Cerimovic, and C. Dorrer, “High-speed optical characterization of intensity and phase dynamics of a 1.55 μm VCSEL for short-reach applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2006), paper OWI75.
[Crossref]

Firth, P.

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
[Crossref]

Fujisawa, T.

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fukamachi, T.

K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hafskjaer, L.

L. Bjerkan, A. Royset, L. Hafskjaer, and D. Myhre, “Measurement of laser parameters for simulation of high-speed fiberoptic systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 839–850 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hohenleitner, R.

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

Hong, U. H.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ito, T.

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, R.

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
[Crossref]

Karinou, F.

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

J. Zhou, C. Yu, and H. Kim, “Transmission performance of OOK and 4-PAM signals using directly modulated 1.5-μm VCSEL for optical access network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(15), 3243–3249 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Bae, H. Kim, and Y. Chung, “Transmission of 51.56-Gb/s OOK signal over 15 km of SSMF using directly-modulated 1.55-μm DFB laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Tu2J.5.
[Crossref]

Kitatani, T.

K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, W.

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koch, T.

P. Corvini and T. Koch, “Computer simulation of high-bit-rate optical fiber transmission using single-frequency lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(11), 1591–1595 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kogel, B.

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
[Crossref]

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Kohtoku, M.

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kuchta, D.

D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
[Crossref]

Kurosaki, T.

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ling, W.

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Liu, G.

L. Suhr, J. Olmos, B. Mao, X. Xu, G. Liu, and I. Monroy, “Direct modulation of 56 Gbps duobinary-4-PAM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th1E.7.

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

Mao, B.

L. Suhr, J. Olmos, B. Mao, X. Xu, G. Liu, and I. Monroy, “Direct modulation of 56 Gbps duobinary-4-PAM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th1E.7.

Marshall, W.

Matsui, Y.

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, T. Sudo, G. Carey, and B. Young, “112-Gb/s WDM link using two directly modulated Al-MQW BH DFB lasers at 56 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th5B.6.
[Crossref]

Matthews, M.

Monroy, I.

L. Suhr, J. Olmos, B. Mao, X. Xu, G. Liu, and I. Monroy, “Direct modulation of 56 Gbps duobinary-4-PAM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th1E.7.

Myhre, D.

L. Bjerkan, A. Royset, L. Hafskjaer, and D. Myhre, “Measurement of laser parameters for simulation of high-speed fiberoptic systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 839–850 (1996).
[Crossref]

Myslivets, E.

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
[Crossref]

Nakahara, K.

K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L.

Neumeyr, C.

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
[Crossref]

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

Olmos, J.

L. Suhr, J. Olmos, B. Mao, X. Xu, G. Liu, and I. Monroy, “Direct modulation of 56 Gbps duobinary-4-PAM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th1E.7.

Ortsiefer, M.

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
[Crossref]

Peral, E.

Pham, T.

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, T. Sudo, G. Carey, and B. Young, “112-Gb/s WDM link using two directly modulated Al-MQW BH DFB lasers at 56 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th5B.6.
[Crossref]

Pilori, D.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Prodaniuc, C.

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

Randel, S.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Rosskopf, J.

D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
[Crossref]

Roxlo, C.

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Royset, A.

L. Bjerkan, A. Royset, L. Hafskjaer, and D. Myhre, “Measurement of laser parameters for simulation of high-speed fiberoptic systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(5), 839–850 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sakuma, Y.

K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sanjoh, H.

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

Saperstein, R.

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
[Crossref]

Schares, L.

D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
[Crossref]

Schatz, R.

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Shibata, Y.

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shim, H. K.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sinsky, J.

Spiga, S.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Stojanovic, N.

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

Stulz, L. W.

Sudo, T.

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, T. Sudo, G. Carey, and B. Young, “112-Gb/s WDM link using two directly modulated Al-MQW BH DFB lasers at 56 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th5B.6.
[Crossref]

Suhr, L.

L. Suhr, J. Olmos, B. Mao, X. Xu, G. Liu, and I. Monroy, “Direct modulation of 56 Gbps duobinary-4-PAM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th1E.7.

Suzuki, M.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tadokoro, T.

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, S.

K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Taniguchi, T.

K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Thiele, H.

Wakayama, Y.

K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Windmiller, J.

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
[Crossref]

Winter, M.

Winzer, P.

P. Winzer, F. Fidler, M. Matthews, L. Nelson, H. Thiele, J. Sinsky, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Winter, D. Castagnozzi, L. W. Stulz, and L. L. Buhl, “10-Gb/s upgrade of bidirectional CWDM systems using electronic equalization and FEC,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 203–210 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Xie, C.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

Xu, X.

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

L. Suhr, J. Olmos, B. Mao, X. Xu, G. Liu, and I. Monroy, “Direct modulation of 56 Gbps duobinary-4-PAM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th1E.7.

Yamanaka, T.

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

Young, B.

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, T. Sudo, G. Carey, and B. Young, “112-Gb/s WDM link using two directly modulated Al-MQW BH DFB lasers at 56 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th5B.6.
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

Zhou, E.

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

Zhou, J.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Kobayashi, T. Ito, T. Yamanaka, T. Fujisawa, Y. Shibata, T. Kurosaki, M. Kohtoku, T. Tadokoro, and H. Sanjoh, “50-Gb/s direct modulation of a 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based DFB laser with a ridge waveguide structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1500908 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

K. Nakahara, Y. Wakayama, T. Kitatani, T. Taniguchi, T. Fukamachi, Y. Sakuma, and S. Tanaka, “Direct modulation at 56 and 50 Gb/s of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs ridge-shaped-BH DFB lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 534–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. H. Bae, H. K. Shim, U. H. Hong, H. Kim, A. Agata, K. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. Chung, “25-Gb/s TDM optical link using EMLs for mobile fronthaul network of LTE-A system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(17), 1825–1828 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Karinou, C. Prodaniuc, N. Stojanovic, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, B. Kogel, and C. Neumeyr, “Directly PAM-4 modulated 1530-nm VCSEL enabling 56 Gb/s/λ data-center interconnects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 1872–1875 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Other (9)

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kogel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, T. Sudo, G. Carey, and B. Young, “112-Gb/s WDM link using two directly modulated Al-MQW BH DFB lasers at 56 Gb/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th5B.6.
[Crossref]

Y. Matsui, T. Pham, W. Ling, R. Schatz, G. Carey, H. Daghighian, T. Sudo, and C. Roxlo, “55-GHz bandwidth short-cavity distributed reflector laser and its application to 112-Gb/s PAM-4,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

L. Suhr, J. Olmos, B. Mao, X. Xu, G. Liu, and I. Monroy, “Direct modulation of 56 Gbps duobinary-4-PAM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th1E.7.

D. Kuchta, F. Doany, L. Schares, C. Neumeyr, A. Daly, B. Kogel, J. Rosskopf, and M. Ortsiefer, “Error-free 56 Gb/s NRZ modulation of a 1530 nm VCSEL link,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2015), paper PDP.1.3.
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, N. Stojanovic, C. Prodaniuc, C. Xie, M. Ortsiefer, A. Daly, R. Hohenleitner, C. Neumeyr, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “56-Gbps optical interconnection over 1 km SSMF with 10G 1550 nm VCSEL enabled by flexible PAM4 MLSE,” in Proceedings of IEEE 6th International Conference on Photonics (IEEE, 2016).

F. Fidler, S. Cerimovic, and C. Dorrer, “High-speed optical characterization of intensity and phase dynamics of a 1.55 μm VCSEL for short-reach applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2006), paper OWI75.
[Crossref]

S. Bae, H. Kim, and Y. Chung, “Transmission of 51.56-Gb/s OOK signal over 15 km of SSMF using directly-modulated 1.55-μm DFB laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), paper Tu2J.5.
[Crossref]

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, J. Coles, P. Firth, C. Clarke, R. Saperstein, R. Jiang, and J. Windmiller, “Equalized 42.8 Gb/s transmission based on a 10 Gb/s EML transmitter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (2007).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Experimental setup. (b) The measured E/O response of the DFB-LD used in this experiment.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The structures of (a) binary and (b) duobinary FFEs.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measured receiver sensitivities of the 51.56-Gb/s OOK signals for three different ERs obtained by using the (a) binary and (b) duobinary FFEs at the receiver.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The measured amplitude frequency responses of SSMF at 1.55 μm in a DML/DD system in comparison with the theoretically calculated curves by using Eq. (1) when the SSMF lengths are (a) 1.5 km, (b) 3 km, (c) 5 km, (d) 10 km, (e) 15 km, and (f) 20 km.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Amplitude frequency responses of the SSMF induced by adiabatic and transient chirp after (a) 1.5-km, (b) 3-km, (c) 5-km, (d) 10-km, (e) 15-km, and (f) 20-km long transmission. In this calculation, α, κ, and P0 were 2.9, 13 GHz/mW, and 8.5 dBm, respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The 3-dB bandwidth of 10-km long SSMF obtained from Eq. (1).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured amplitude frequency responses of DML/DD system after (a) 0-km, (b) 1.5-km, (c) 3-km, (d) 5-km, (e) 10-km, and (f) 15-km long transmission.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Measured amplitude frequency responses of DML/DD system after applying (a) the binary and (b) duobinary FFEs.

Equations (2)

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H F (ω)= α 2 +1 cos( θ+ tan 1 α )+j ακ P 0 ω sinθ
BW c D λ 2 z

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