Abstract

A novel and simple bottom-up fabrication method for the realization of metallic nanovoid and metallic film on nanoparticle (dome) array is presented and their optical performance assessed based on experimental and theoretical investigations. The structures are created by a simple, annealing induced replica formation of a template monolayer, which is composed of submicron particles deposited on top of a thin polymer film. Angle and wavelength dependent reflection measurements indicate the possibility to excite Bragg plasmons at the prepared structures. We found an excellent agreement between the measured and simulated reflection curves, but only when the simulated reflection was averaged over several possible azimuthal lattice orientations of the hexagonal unit cell with respect to the plane of incidence.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding Plasmons in Nanoscale Voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. N. Lal, B. F. Soares, J. K. Sinha, F. Huang, S. Mahajan, P. N. Bartlett, N. C. Greenham, and J. J. Baumberg, “Enhancing solar cells with localized plasmons in nanovoids,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11256–11263 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. Zhu, C.-M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome Solar Cells with Efficient Light Management and Self-Cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. C. Steuwe, C. F. Kaminski, J. J. Baumberg, and S. Mahajan, “Surface Enhanced Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering on Nanostructured Gold Surfaces,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5339–5343 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. K. B. Biggs, J. P. Camden, J. N. Anker, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Benzenethiol Adsorbed from the Gas Phase onto Silver Film over Nanosphere Surfaces: Determination of the Sticking Probability and Detection Limit time,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113(16), 4581–4586 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. F. P. García de Arquer, A. Mihi, and G. Konstantatos, “Large-Area Plasmonic-Crystal–Hot-Electron-Based Photodetectors,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 950–957 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  12. B. Ai, Y. Yu, H. Möhwald, G. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Plasmonic films based on colloidal lithography,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 206, 5–16 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. P. N. Bartlett, J. J. Baumberg, P. R. Birkin, M. A. Ghanem, and M. C. Netti, “Highly Ordered Macroporous Gold and Platinum Films Formed by Electrochemical Deposition through Templates Assembled from Submicron Diameter Monodisperse Polystyrene Spheres,” Chem. Mater. 14(5), 2199–2208 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. S.-L. Chen, G. Yuan, and C.-T. Hu, “Preparation and size determination of monodisperse silica microspheres for particle size certified reference materials,” Powder Technol. 207(1-3), 232–237 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Deák, I. Székely, E. Kálmán, Z. Keresztes, A. L. Kovács, and Z. Hórvölgyi, “Nanostructured silica Langmuir–Blodgett films with antireflective properties prepared on glass substrates,” Thin Solid Films 484(1–2), 310–317 (2005).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  18. Shipley S1805 Data Sheet (Dow Electronic Materials).
  19. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Kolomenski, A. Kolomenskii, J. Noel, S. Peng, and H. Schuessler, “Propagation length of surface plasmons in a metal film with roughness,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5683–5691 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

F. P. García de Arquer, A. Mihi, and G. Konstantatos, “Large-Area Plasmonic-Crystal–Hot-Electron-Based Photodetectors,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 950–957 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

B. Ai, Y. Yu, H. Möhwald, G. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Plasmonic films based on colloidal lithography,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 206, 5–16 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

S.-L. Chen, G. Yuan, and C.-T. Hu, “Preparation and size determination of monodisperse silica microspheres for particle size certified reference materials,” Powder Technol. 207(1-3), 232–237 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. N. Lal, B. F. Soares, J. K. Sinha, F. Huang, S. Mahajan, P. N. Bartlett, N. C. Greenham, and J. J. Baumberg, “Enhancing solar cells with localized plasmons in nanovoids,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11256–11263 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Steuwe, C. F. Kaminski, J. J. Baumberg, and S. Mahajan, “Surface Enhanced Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering on Nanostructured Gold Surfaces,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5339–5343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

J. Zhu, C.-M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome Solar Cells with Efficient Light Management and Self-Cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

K. B. Biggs, J. P. Camden, J. N. Anker, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Benzenethiol Adsorbed from the Gas Phase onto Silver Film over Nanosphere Surfaces: Determination of the Sticking Probability and Detection Limit time,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113(16), 4581–4586 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kolomenski, A. Kolomenskii, J. Noel, S. Peng, and H. Schuessler, “Propagation length of surface plasmons in a metal film with roughness,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5683–5691 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding Plasmons in Nanoscale Voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong Coupling between Localized Plasmons and Organic Excitons in Metal Nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Deák, I. Székely, E. Kálmán, Z. Keresztes, A. L. Kovács, and Z. Hórvölgyi, “Nanostructured silica Langmuir–Blodgett films with antireflective properties prepared on glass substrates,” Thin Solid Films 484(1–2), 310–317 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

P. N. Bartlett, J. J. Baumberg, P. R. Birkin, M. A. Ghanem, and M. C. Netti, “Highly Ordered Macroporous Gold and Platinum Films Formed by Electrochemical Deposition through Templates Assembled from Submicron Diameter Monodisperse Polystyrene Spheres,” Chem. Mater. 14(5), 2199–2208 (2002).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

G. Vuye, S. Fisson, V. Nguyen Van, Y. Wang, J. Rivory, and F. Abeles, “Temperature dependence of the dielectric function of silicon using in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 233(1-2), 166–170 (1993).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Abdelsalam, M.

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding Plasmons in Nanoscale Voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

Abdelsalam, M. E.

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong Coupling between Localized Plasmons and Organic Excitons in Metal Nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abeles, F.

G. Vuye, S. Fisson, V. Nguyen Van, Y. Wang, J. Rivory, and F. Abeles, “Temperature dependence of the dielectric function of silicon using in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 233(1-2), 166–170 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ai, B.

B. Ai, Y. Yu, H. Möhwald, G. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Plasmonic films based on colloidal lithography,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 206, 5–16 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anker, J. N.

K. B. Biggs, J. P. Camden, J. N. Anker, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Benzenethiol Adsorbed from the Gas Phase onto Silver Film over Nanosphere Surfaces: Determination of the Sticking Probability and Detection Limit time,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113(16), 4581–4586 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartlett, P.

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bartlett, P. N.

N. N. Lal, B. F. Soares, J. K. Sinha, F. Huang, S. Mahajan, P. N. Bartlett, N. C. Greenham, and J. J. Baumberg, “Enhancing solar cells with localized plasmons in nanovoids,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11256–11263 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding Plasmons in Nanoscale Voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong Coupling between Localized Plasmons and Organic Excitons in Metal Nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. N. Bartlett, J. J. Baumberg, P. R. Birkin, M. A. Ghanem, and M. C. Netti, “Highly Ordered Macroporous Gold and Platinum Films Formed by Electrochemical Deposition through Templates Assembled from Submicron Diameter Monodisperse Polystyrene Spheres,” Chem. Mater. 14(5), 2199–2208 (2002).
[Crossref]

Baumberg, J.

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baumberg, J. J.

N. N. Lal, B. F. Soares, J. K. Sinha, F. Huang, S. Mahajan, P. N. Bartlett, N. C. Greenham, and J. J. Baumberg, “Enhancing solar cells with localized plasmons in nanovoids,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11256–11263 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Steuwe, C. F. Kaminski, J. J. Baumberg, and S. Mahajan, “Surface Enhanced Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering on Nanostructured Gold Surfaces,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5339–5343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding Plasmons in Nanoscale Voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong Coupling between Localized Plasmons and Organic Excitons in Metal Nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. N. Bartlett, J. J. Baumberg, P. R. Birkin, M. A. Ghanem, and M. C. Netti, “Highly Ordered Macroporous Gold and Platinum Films Formed by Electrochemical Deposition through Templates Assembled from Submicron Diameter Monodisperse Polystyrene Spheres,” Chem. Mater. 14(5), 2199–2208 (2002).
[Crossref]

Berenger, J.

J. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
[Crossref]

Biggs, K. B.

K. B. Biggs, J. P. Camden, J. N. Anker, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Benzenethiol Adsorbed from the Gas Phase onto Silver Film over Nanosphere Surfaces: Determination of the Sticking Probability and Detection Limit time,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113(16), 4581–4586 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birkin, P. R.

P. N. Bartlett, J. J. Baumberg, P. R. Birkin, M. A. Ghanem, and M. C. Netti, “Highly Ordered Macroporous Gold and Platinum Films Formed by Electrochemical Deposition through Templates Assembled from Submicron Diameter Monodisperse Polystyrene Spheres,” Chem. Mater. 14(5), 2199–2208 (2002).
[Crossref]

Boisen, A.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cai, N.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Camden, J. P.

K. B. Biggs, J. P. Camden, J. N. Anker, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Benzenethiol Adsorbed from the Gas Phase onto Silver Film over Nanosphere Surfaces: Determination of the Sticking Probability and Detection Limit time,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113(16), 4581–4586 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.-L.

S.-L. Chen, G. Yuan, and C.-T. Hu, “Preparation and size determination of monodisperse silica microspheres for particle size certified reference materials,” Powder Technol. 207(1-3), 232–237 (2011).
[Crossref]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Cintra, S.

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cole, R.

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cole, R. M.

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding Plasmons in Nanoscale Voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, C.-M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome Solar Cells with Efficient Light Management and Self-Cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deák, A.

A. Deák, I. Székely, E. Kálmán, Z. Keresztes, A. L. Kovács, and Z. Hórvölgyi, “Nanostructured silica Langmuir–Blodgett films with antireflective properties prepared on glass substrates,” Thin Solid Films 484(1–2), 310–317 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ding, I.-K.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

J. Zhu, C.-M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome Solar Cells with Efficient Light Management and Self-Cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fisson, S.

G. Vuye, S. Fisson, V. Nguyen Van, Y. Wang, J. Rivory, and F. Abeles, “Temperature dependence of the dielectric function of silicon using in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 233(1-2), 166–170 (1993).
[Crossref]

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding Plasmons in Nanoscale Voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[Crossref]

García de Arquer, F. P.

F. P. García de Arquer, A. Mihi, and G. Konstantatos, “Large-Area Plasmonic-Crystal–Hot-Electron-Based Photodetectors,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 950–957 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ghanem, M. A.

P. N. Bartlett, J. J. Baumberg, P. R. Birkin, M. A. Ghanem, and M. C. Netti, “Highly Ordered Macroporous Gold and Platinum Films Formed by Electrochemical Deposition through Templates Assembled from Submicron Diameter Monodisperse Polystyrene Spheres,” Chem. Mater. 14(5), 2199–2208 (2002).
[Crossref]

Grätzel, M.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Greenham, N. C.

Hansen, O.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hórvölgyi, Z.

A. Deák, I. Székely, E. Kálmán, Z. Keresztes, A. L. Kovács, and Z. Hórvölgyi, “Nanostructured silica Langmuir–Blodgett films with antireflective properties prepared on glass substrates,” Thin Solid Films 484(1–2), 310–317 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hsu, C.-M.

J. Zhu, C.-M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome Solar Cells with Efficient Light Management and Self-Cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, C.-T.

S.-L. Chen, G. Yuan, and C.-T. Hu, “Preparation and size determination of monodisperse silica microspheres for particle size certified reference materials,” Powder Technol. 207(1-3), 232–237 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, F.

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Kálmán, E.

A. Deák, I. Székely, E. Kálmán, Z. Keresztes, A. L. Kovács, and Z. Hórvölgyi, “Nanostructured silica Langmuir–Blodgett films with antireflective properties prepared on glass substrates,” Thin Solid Films 484(1–2), 310–317 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kaminski, C. F.

C. Steuwe, C. F. Kaminski, J. J. Baumberg, and S. Mahajan, “Surface Enhanced Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering on Nanostructured Gold Surfaces,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5339–5343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kelf, T.

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kelf, T. A.

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong Coupling between Localized Plasmons and Organic Excitons in Metal Nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keresztes, Z.

A. Deák, I. Székely, E. Kálmán, Z. Keresztes, A. L. Kovács, and Z. Hórvölgyi, “Nanostructured silica Langmuir–Blodgett films with antireflective properties prepared on glass substrates,” Thin Solid Films 484(1–2), 310–317 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kolomenski, A.

Kolomenskii, A.

Konstantatos, G.

F. P. García de Arquer, A. Mihi, and G. Konstantatos, “Large-Area Plasmonic-Crystal–Hot-Electron-Based Photodetectors,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 950–957 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kovács, A. L.

A. Deák, I. Székely, E. Kálmán, Z. Keresztes, A. L. Kovács, and Z. Hórvölgyi, “Nanostructured silica Langmuir–Blodgett films with antireflective properties prepared on glass substrates,” Thin Solid Films 484(1–2), 310–317 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lal, N. N.

Mahajan, S.

N. N. Lal, B. F. Soares, J. K. Sinha, F. Huang, S. Mahajan, P. N. Bartlett, N. C. Greenham, and J. J. Baumberg, “Enhancing solar cells with localized plasmons in nanovoids,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11256–11263 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Steuwe, C. F. Kaminski, J. J. Baumberg, and S. Mahajan, “Surface Enhanced Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering on Nanostructured Gold Surfaces,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5339–5343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding Plasmons in Nanoscale Voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

McGehee, M. D.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mihi, A.

F. P. García de Arquer, A. Mihi, and G. Konstantatos, “Large-Area Plasmonic-Crystal–Hot-Electron-Based Photodetectors,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 950–957 (2015).
[Crossref]

Möhwald, H.

B. Ai, Y. Yu, H. Möhwald, G. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Plasmonic films based on colloidal lithography,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 206, 5–16 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moon, S.-J.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mortensen, N. A.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Netti, M. C.

P. N. Bartlett, J. J. Baumberg, P. R. Birkin, M. A. Ghanem, and M. C. Netti, “Highly Ordered Macroporous Gold and Platinum Films Formed by Electrochemical Deposition through Templates Assembled from Submicron Diameter Monodisperse Polystyrene Spheres,” Chem. Mater. 14(5), 2199–2208 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nguyen Van, V.

G. Vuye, S. Fisson, V. Nguyen Van, Y. Wang, J. Rivory, and F. Abeles, “Temperature dependence of the dielectric function of silicon using in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 233(1-2), 166–170 (1993).
[Crossref]

Noel, J.

Peng, S.

Rivory, J.

G. Vuye, S. Fisson, V. Nguyen Van, Y. Wang, J. Rivory, and F. Abeles, “Temperature dependence of the dielectric function of silicon using in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 233(1-2), 166–170 (1993).
[Crossref]

Russell, A.

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

Russell, A. E.

J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, M. S.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuessler, H.

Shi, L.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sinha, J. K.

Soares, B. F.

Steuwe, C.

C. Steuwe, C. F. Kaminski, J. J. Baumberg, and S. Mahajan, “Surface Enhanced Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering on Nanostructured Gold Surfaces,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5339–5343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugawara, Y.

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong Coupling between Localized Plasmons and Organic Excitons in Metal Nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Székely, I.

A. Deák, I. Székely, E. Kálmán, Z. Keresztes, A. L. Kovács, and Z. Hórvölgyi, “Nanostructured silica Langmuir–Blodgett films with antireflective properties prepared on glass substrates,” Thin Solid Films 484(1–2), 310–317 (2005).
[Crossref]

Van Duyne, R. P.

K. B. Biggs, J. P. Camden, J. N. Anker, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Benzenethiol Adsorbed from the Gas Phase onto Silver Film over Nanosphere Surfaces: Determination of the Sticking Probability and Detection Limit time,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113(16), 4581–4586 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vuye, G.

G. Vuye, S. Fisson, V. Nguyen Van, Y. Wang, J. Rivory, and F. Abeles, “Temperature dependence of the dielectric function of silicon using in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 233(1-2), 166–170 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

G. Vuye, S. Fisson, V. Nguyen Van, Y. Wang, J. Rivory, and F. Abeles, “Temperature dependence of the dielectric function of silicon using in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 233(1-2), 166–170 (1993).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, B.

B. Ai, Y. Yu, H. Möhwald, G. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Plasmonic films based on colloidal lithography,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 206, 5–16 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Y.

B. Ai, Y. Yu, H. Möhwald, G. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Plasmonic films based on colloidal lithography,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 206, 5–16 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

J. Zhu, C.-M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome Solar Cells with Efficient Light Management and Self-Cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, G.

S.-L. Chen, G. Yuan, and C.-T. Hu, “Preparation and size determination of monodisperse silica microspheres for particle size certified reference materials,” Powder Technol. 207(1-3), 232–237 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zakeeruddin, S. M.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

B. Ai, Y. Yu, H. Möhwald, G. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Plasmonic films based on colloidal lithography,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 206, 5–16 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, C.-M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome Solar Cells with Efficient Light Management and Self-Cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zi, J.

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

F. P. García de Arquer, A. Mihi, and G. Konstantatos, “Large-Area Plasmonic-Crystal–Hot-Electron-Based Photodetectors,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 950–957 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

B. Ai, Y. Yu, H. Möhwald, G. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Plasmonic films based on colloidal lithography,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 206, 5–16 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Energy Mater. (1)

I.-K. Ding, J. Zhu, W. Cai, S.-J. Moon, N. Cai, P. Wang, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 1(1), 52–57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chem. Mater. (1)

P. N. Bartlett, J. J. Baumberg, P. R. Birkin, M. A. Ghanem, and M. C. Netti, “Highly Ordered Macroporous Gold and Platinum Films Formed by Electrochemical Deposition through Templates Assembled from Submicron Diameter Monodisperse Polystyrene Spheres,” Chem. Mater. 14(5), 2199–2208 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Comput. Phys. (1)

J. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

K. B. Biggs, J. P. Camden, J. N. Anker, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Benzenethiol Adsorbed from the Gas Phase onto Silver Film over Nanosphere Surfaces: Determination of the Sticking Probability and Detection Limit time,” J. Phys. Chem. A 113(16), 4581–4586 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (5)

X. Zhu, L. Shi, M. S. Schmidt, A. Boisen, O. Hansen, J. Zi, S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, “Enhanced light-matter interactions in graphene-covered gold nanovoid arrays,” Nano Lett. 13(10), 4690–4696 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Baumberg, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, S. Cintra, M. E. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, and A. E. Russell, “Angle-Resolved Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering on Metallic Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals,” Nano Lett. 5(11), 2262–2267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Steuwe, C. F. Kaminski, J. J. Baumberg, and S. Mahajan, “Surface Enhanced Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering on Nanostructured Gold Surfaces,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5339–5343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding Plasmons in Nanoscale Voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, C.-M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome Solar Cells with Efficient Light Management and Self-Cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

T. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. Cole, J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. Russell, and P. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong Coupling between Localized Plasmons and Organic Excitons in Metal Nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Powder Technol. (1)

S.-L. Chen, G. Yuan, and C.-T. Hu, “Preparation and size determination of monodisperse silica microspheres for particle size certified reference materials,” Powder Technol. 207(1-3), 232–237 (2011).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (2)

A. Deák, I. Székely, E. Kálmán, Z. Keresztes, A. L. Kovács, and Z. Hórvölgyi, “Nanostructured silica Langmuir–Blodgett films with antireflective properties prepared on glass substrates,” Thin Solid Films 484(1–2), 310–317 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Vuye, S. Fisson, V. Nguyen Van, Y. Wang, J. Rivory, and F. Abeles, “Temperature dependence of the dielectric function of silicon using in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Thin Solid Films 233(1-2), 166–170 (1993).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

Shipley S1805 Data Sheet (Dow Electronic Materials).

Lumerical Solutions, Inc. http://www.lumerical.com/tcad-products/fdtd/

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Overview of the sample preparation procedure (see main text for details).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM top (a-b) and cross-section (c-d) images of the final dome (a,c) and void (b,d) structures after gold deposition. The insets show the schematic model setup used during the simulation of the respective samples.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic setup of the optical simulations (a) and the simulated specular reflectance spectra of the void structure for TM polarization at azimuth angles of 0 (b), 10 (c), 20 (d) and 30 degree (e).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measured (a-d) and simulated (e-h) specular reflectance spectra of the dome (c, d, g, h) and the void (a, b, e, f) structure for TM (a, c, e, g) and TE (b, d, f, h) polarization. Simulated spectra are incoherently averaged over the azimuth angles.

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