Abstract

Surface plasmon-enhanced electroluminescence (EL) has been demonstrated by incorporating gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) in quantum dot light-emitting diode (QLED). Time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) spectroscopy reveals that the EL enhancement is ascribed to the near-field enhancement through an effective coupling between excitons of the quantum dot emitters and localized surface plasmons around Au NPs. It is found that the size of Au NPs and the distance between the Au NPs and the emissive layer have significant effects on the performance of QLED. The enhancement can be maximized as the SP resonance wavelength of Au NPs matches well with the PL emission wavelength of the QD film and the distance between Au NPs and the emissive layer maintains 15 nm. The photoluminance (PL) and EL intensity can be enhanced by 4.4 and 1.7 folds with the incorporation of Au NPs. The maximum current efficiency of 4.56 cd/A can be achieved for the resulting QLEDs by incorprating Au NPs with an enhancement factor of 2.0. In addition, the enhancement ratio of 2.2 can be achieved for the lifetime of resulting QLED.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  22. C.-Y. Cho, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Song, S.-H. Hong, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Cho, and S.-J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  27. O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  30. W. Jung and K. Byun, “Fabrication of nanoscale plasmonic structures and their applications to photonic devices and biosensors,” Biomed. Eng. Lett. 1(3), 153–162 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  31. K. Qasim, J. Chen, Z. Li, W. Lei, and J. Xa, “Highly-improved performance of TiO2 nanocrystal based quantum dot light emitting diodes,” RSC Advances 3(30), 12104–12108 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

X. Yang, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Dang, E. Mutlugun, K. Zhang, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement in quantum dot light-emitting diodes by embedding a silver nanoisland layer,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1439–1445 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “A systematic study on efficiency enhancements in phosphorescent green, red and blue microcavity organic light emitting devices,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(6), e74 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. Gomez Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Qasim, J. Chen, Z. Li, W. Lei, and J. Xa, “Highly-improved performance of TiO2 nanocrystal based quantum dot light emitting diodes,” RSC Advances 3(30), 12104–12108 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, Y.-L. Hu, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “High-brightness polarized light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(8), e22 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kumar, R. Srivastava, P. Tyagi, D. Mehta, and M. Kamalasanan, “Efficiency enhancement of organic light emitting diode via surface energy transfer between exciton and surface plasmon,” Org. Electron. 13(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. G. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Jung and K. Byun, “Fabrication of nanoscale plasmonic structures and their applications to photonic devices and biosensors,” Biomed. Eng. Lett. 1(3), 153–162 (2011).
[Crossref]

C.-Y. Cho, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Song, S.-H. Hong, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Cho, and S.-J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (6)

C. Y. Cho, M. K. Kwon, S. J. Lee, S. H. Han, J. W. Kang, S. E. Kang, D. Y. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes using silver nanoparticles embedded in p-GaN,” Nanotechnology 21(20), 205201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4(2), 759–764 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Meerheim, M. Furno, S. Hofmann, B. Lussem, and K. Leo, “Quantification of energy loss mechanisms in organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 253305 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. H. Koo, S. M. Jeong, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes enhanced by spontaneously formed buckles,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 222–226 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, “Surface plasmonic controllable enhanced emission from the intrachain and interchain excitons of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193306 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, and Y. Kuwahara, “Enhanced fluorescence by surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles in an organic electroluminescence diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043307 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

K. Y. Yang, K. C. Choi, and C. W. Ahn, “Surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission rate in an organic light-emitting device structure: cathode structure for plasmonic application,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173301 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

Z. Wang, Z. Chen, Z. Lan, X. Zhai, W. Du, and Q. Gong, “Enhancement of Alq3 fluorescence by nanotextured silver films deposited on porous alumina substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151119 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. C. Ostrowski, A. Mikhailovsky, D. A. Bussian, M. A. Summers, S. K. Buratto, and G. C. Bazan, “Enhancement of phosphorescence by surface-plasmon resonances in colloidal metal nanoparticles: the role of aggregates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(9), 1221 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(7), 071102 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Size and temperature dependence of the plasmon absorption of colloidal gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(21), 4212–4217 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

C. R. Kagan, C. B. Murray, M. Nirmal, and M. G. Bawendi, “Electronic energy transfer in CdSe quantum dot solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(9), 1517–1520 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adam, P. M.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4(2), 759–764 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, C. W.

K. Y. Yang, K. C. Choi, and C. W. Ahn, “Surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission rate in an organic light-emitting device structure: cathode structure for plasmonic application,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173301 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ahn, S. I.

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, “Surface plasmonic controllable enhanced emission from the intrachain and interchain excitons of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193306 (2010).
[Crossref]

Akai-Kasaya, M.

A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, and Y. Kuwahara, “Enhanced fluorescence by surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles in an organic electroluminescence diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043307 (2010).
[Crossref]

Araoka, F.

W. H. Koo, S. M. Jeong, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes enhanced by spontaneously formed buckles,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 222–226 (2010).
[Crossref]

Artemyev, M.

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bae, W. K.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bawendi, M. G.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. R. Kagan, C. B. Murray, M. Nirmal, and M. G. Bawendi, “Electronic energy transfer in CdSe quantum dot solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(9), 1517–1520 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bazan, G. C.

J. C. Ostrowski, A. Mikhailovsky, D. A. Bussian, M. A. Summers, S. K. Buratto, and G. C. Bazan, “Enhancement of phosphorescence by surface-plasmon resonances in colloidal metal nanoparticles: the role of aggregates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(9), 1221 (2006).
[Crossref]

Breen, C.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brinkley, S.

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, Y.-L. Hu, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “High-brightness polarized light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(8), e22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bulovic, V.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Buratto, S. K.

J. C. Ostrowski, A. Mikhailovsky, D. A. Bussian, M. A. Summers, S. K. Buratto, and G. C. Bazan, “Enhancement of phosphorescence by surface-plasmon resonances in colloidal metal nanoparticles: the role of aggregates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(9), 1221 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bussian, D. A.

J. C. Ostrowski, A. Mikhailovsky, D. A. Bussian, M. A. Summers, S. K. Buratto, and G. C. Bazan, “Enhancement of phosphorescence by surface-plasmon resonances in colloidal metal nanoparticles: the role of aggregates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(9), 1221 (2006).
[Crossref]

Byeon, C. C.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Byun, K.

W. Jung and K. Byun, “Fabrication of nanoscale plasmonic structures and their applications to photonic devices and biosensors,” Biomed. Eng. Lett. 1(3), 153–162 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y. C.

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
[Crossref]

Char, K.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

K. Qasim, J. Chen, Z. Li, W. Lei, and J. Xa, “Highly-improved performance of TiO2 nanocrystal based quantum dot light emitting diodes,” RSC Advances 3(30), 12104–12108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Chen, Z. Lan, X. Zhai, W. Du, and Q. Gong, “Enhancement of Alq3 fluorescence by nanotextured silver films deposited on porous alumina substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151119 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cho, C. Y.

C. Y. Cho, M. K. Kwon, S. J. Lee, S. H. Han, J. W. Kang, S. E. Kang, D. Y. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes using silver nanoparticles embedded in p-GaN,” Nanotechnology 21(20), 205201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cho, C.-Y.

C.-Y. Cho, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Song, S.-H. Hong, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Cho, and S.-J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cho, H.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, K. H.

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, “Surface plasmonic controllable enhanced emission from the intrachain and interchain excitons of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193306 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cho, Y.-H.

C.-Y. Cho, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Song, S.-H. Hong, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Cho, and S.-J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choi, C. K.

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
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Choi, C. S.

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, “Surface plasmonic controllable enhanced emission from the intrachain and interchain excitons of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193306 (2010).
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Choi, K. C.

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, “Surface plasmonic controllable enhanced emission from the intrachain and interchain excitons of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193306 (2010).
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K. Y. Yang, K. C. Choi, and C. W. Ahn, “Surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission rate in an organic light-emitting device structure: cathode structure for plasmonic application,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173301 (2009).
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B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
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X. Yang, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Dang, E. Mutlugun, K. Zhang, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement in quantum dot light-emitting diodes by embedding a silver nanoisland layer,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1439–1445 (2015).
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X. Yang, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Dang, E. Mutlugun, K. Zhang, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement in quantum dot light-emitting diodes by embedding a silver nanoisland layer,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1439–1445 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
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E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, Y.-L. Hu, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “High-brightness polarized light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(8), e22 (2012).
[Crossref]

DenBaars, S. P.

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
[Crossref]

Du, W.

Z. Wang, Z. Chen, Z. Lan, X. Zhai, W. Du, and Q. Gong, “Enhancement of Alq3 fluorescence by nanotextured silver films deposited on porous alumina substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151119 (2007).
[Crossref]

El-Sayed, M. A.

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Size and temperature dependence of the plasmon absorption of colloidal gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(21), 4212–4217 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fujiki, A.

A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, and Y. Kuwahara, “Enhanced fluorescence by surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles in an organic electroluminescence diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043307 (2010).
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R. Meerheim, M. Furno, S. Hofmann, B. Lussem, and K. Leo, “Quantification of energy loss mechanisms in organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 253305 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gainer, G. H.

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
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Gao, Y.

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
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Gaponenko, S.

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
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D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
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D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
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G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. Gomez Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

Z. Wang, Z. Chen, Z. Lan, X. Zhai, W. Du, and Q. Gong, “Enhancement of Alq3 fluorescence by nanotextured silver films deposited on porous alumina substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151119 (2007).
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D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
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B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Han, S. H.

C. Y. Cho, M. K. Kwon, S. J. Lee, S. H. Han, J. W. Kang, S. E. Kang, D. Y. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes using silver nanoparticles embedded in p-GaN,” Nanotechnology 21(20), 205201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hernández Martínez, P. L.

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hernandez-Martinez, P. L.

X. Yang, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Dang, E. Mutlugun, K. Zhang, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement in quantum dot light-emitting diodes by embedding a silver nanoisland layer,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1439–1445 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hofmann, S.

R. Meerheim, M. Furno, S. Hofmann, B. Lussem, and K. Leo, “Quantification of energy loss mechanisms in organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 253305 (2010).
[Crossref]

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L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. G. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 543–548 (2011).
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N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hong, S.-H.

C.-Y. Cho, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Song, S.-H. Hong, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Cho, and S.-J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.-L.

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, Y.-L. Hu, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “High-brightness polarized light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(8), e22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, K.

W. H. Koo, S. M. Jeong, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes enhanced by spontaneously formed buckles,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 222–226 (2010).
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P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4(2), 759–764 (2010).
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G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. Gomez Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(5), e66 (2013).
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Jeong, S. M.

W. H. Koo, S. M. Jeong, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes enhanced by spontaneously formed buckles,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 222–226 (2010).
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N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
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W. Jung and K. Byun, “Fabrication of nanoscale plasmonic structures and their applications to photonic devices and biosensors,” Biomed. Eng. Lett. 1(3), 153–162 (2011).
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A. Kumar, R. Srivastava, P. Tyagi, D. Mehta, and M. Kamalasanan, “Efficiency enhancement of organic light emitting diode via surface energy transfer between exciton and surface plasmon,” Org. Electron. 13(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kang, J. W.

N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Cho, M. K. Kwon, S. J. Lee, S. H. Han, J. W. Kang, S. E. Kang, D. Y. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes using silver nanoparticles embedded in p-GaN,” Nanotechnology 21(20), 205201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, S. E.

C. Y. Cho, M. K. Kwon, S. J. Lee, S. H. Han, J. W. Kang, S. E. Kang, D. Y. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes using silver nanoparticles embedded in p-GaN,” Nanotechnology 21(20), 205201 (2010).
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K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(7), 071102 (2005).
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B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kelchner, K. M.

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, Y.-L. Hu, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “High-brightness polarized light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(8), e22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Keller, S.

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
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C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “A systematic study on efficiency enhancements in phosphorescent green, red and blue microcavity organic light emitting devices,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(6), e74 (2013).
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Kim, B. H.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. Y.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, N. Y.

N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
[Crossref]

Koo, W.

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “A systematic study on efficiency enhancements in phosphorescent green, red and blue microcavity organic light emitting devices,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(6), e74 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koo, W. H.

W. H. Koo, S. M. Jeong, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes enhanced by spontaneously formed buckles,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 222–226 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kulakovich, O.

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

A. Kumar, R. Srivastava, P. Tyagi, D. Mehta, and M. Kamalasanan, “Efficiency enhancement of organic light emitting diode via surface energy transfer between exciton and surface plasmon,” Org. Electron. 13(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuwahara, Y.

A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, and Y. Kuwahara, “Enhanced fluorescence by surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles in an organic electroluminescence diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043307 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kwak, J.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwon, M. K.

C. Y. Cho, M. K. Kwon, S. J. Lee, S. H. Han, J. W. Kang, S. E. Kang, D. Y. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes using silver nanoparticles embedded in p-GaN,” Nanotechnology 21(20), 205201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kwon, Y. H.

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lan, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Chen, Z. Lan, X. Zhai, W. Du, and Q. Gong, “Enhancement of Alq3 fluorescence by nanotextured silver films deposited on porous alumina substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151119 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D. Y.

C. Y. Cho, M. K. Kwon, S. J. Lee, S. H. Han, J. W. Kang, S. E. Kang, D. Y. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes using silver nanoparticles embedded in p-GaN,” Nanotechnology 21(20), 205201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, K.

N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. J.

C. Y. Cho, M. K. Kwon, S. J. Lee, S. H. Han, J. W. Kang, S. E. Kang, D. Y. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes using silver nanoparticles embedded in p-GaN,” Nanotechnology 21(20), 205201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. M.

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, “Surface plasmonic controllable enhanced emission from the intrachain and interchain excitons of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 193306 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-J.

C.-Y. Cho, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Song, S.-H. Hong, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Cho, and S.-J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-M.

C.-Y. Cho, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Song, S.-H. Hong, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Cho, and S.-J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lei, W.

K. Qasim, J. Chen, Z. Li, W. Lei, and J. Xa, “Highly-improved performance of TiO2 nanocrystal based quantum dot light emitting diodes,” RSC Advances 3(30), 12104–12108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leo, K.

R. Meerheim, M. Furno, S. Hofmann, B. Lussem, and K. Leo, “Quantification of energy loss mechanisms in organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 253305 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Qasim, J. Chen, Z. Li, W. Lei, and J. Xa, “Highly-improved performance of TiO2 nanocrystal based quantum dot light emitting diodes,” RSC Advances 3(30), 12104–12108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lim, J.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Link, S.

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Size and temperature dependence of the plasmon absorption of colloidal gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(21), 4212–4217 (1999).
[Crossref]

Little, B. D.

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
[Crossref]

Louwers, D. J.

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. Gomez Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lozano, G.

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. Gomez Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lunevich, A. Y.

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lussem, B.

R. Meerheim, M. Furno, S. Hofmann, B. Lussem, and K. Leo, “Quantification of energy loss mechanisms in organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 253305 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mashford, B. S.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maskevich, S.

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Matioli, E.

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, Y.-L. Hu, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “High-brightness polarized light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(8), e22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meerheim, R.

R. Meerheim, M. Furno, S. Hofmann, B. Lussem, and K. Leo, “Quantification of energy loss mechanisms in organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 253305 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mehta, D.

A. Kumar, R. Srivastava, P. Tyagi, D. Mehta, and M. Kamalasanan, “Efficiency enhancement of organic light emitting diode via surface energy transfer between exciton and surface plasmon,” Org. Electron. 13(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mikhailovsky, A.

J. C. Ostrowski, A. Mikhailovsky, D. A. Bussian, M. A. Summers, S. K. Buratto, and G. C. Bazan, “Enhancement of phosphorescence by surface-plasmon resonances in colloidal metal nanoparticles: the role of aggregates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(9), 1221 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mishra, U. K.

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mukai, T.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(7), 071102 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murai, S.

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. Gomez Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Murray, C. B.

C. R. Kagan, C. B. Murray, M. Nirmal, and M. G. Bawendi, “Electronic energy transfer in CdSe quantum dot solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(9), 1517–1520 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mutlugun, E.

X. Yang, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Dang, E. Mutlugun, K. Zhang, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement in quantum dot light-emitting diodes by embedding a silver nanoisland layer,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1439–1445 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myoung, N.

N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nabiev, I.

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, S.

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, Y.-L. Hu, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “High-brightness polarized light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(8), e22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(7), 071102 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(7), 071102 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nirmal, M.

C. R. Kagan, C. B. Murray, M. Nirmal, and M. G. Bawendi, “Electronic energy transfer in CdSe quantum dot solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(9), 1517–1520 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishimura, S.

W. H. Koo, S. M. Jeong, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes enhanced by spontaneously formed buckles,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 222–226 (2010).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(7), 071102 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ostrowski, J. C.

J. C. Ostrowski, A. Mikhailovsky, D. A. Bussian, M. A. Summers, S. K. Buratto, and G. C. Bazan, “Enhancement of phosphorescence by surface-plasmon resonances in colloidal metal nanoparticles: the role of aggregates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(9), 1221 (2006).
[Crossref]

Park, I.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, I. K.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Park, M.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, S. J.

N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Cho, M. K. Kwon, S. J. Lee, S. H. Han, J. W. Kang, S. E. Kang, D. Y. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Surface plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes using silver nanoparticles embedded in p-GaN,” Nanotechnology 21(20), 205201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Park, S.-J.

C.-Y. Cho, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Song, S.-H. Hong, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Cho, and S.-J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Peng, B.

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plain, J.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4(2), 759–764 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popovic, Z.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qasim, K.

K. Qasim, J. Chen, Z. Li, W. Lei, and J. Xa, “Highly-improved performance of TiO2 nanocrystal based quantum dot light emitting diodes,” RSC Advances 3(30), 12104–12108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qian, L.

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. G. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, S. R. K.

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. Gomez Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Royer, P.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4(2), 759–764 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saito, A.

A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, and Y. Kuwahara, “Enhanced fluorescence by surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles in an organic electroluminescence diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043307 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sasabe, H.

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “A systematic study on efficiency enhancements in phosphorescent green, red and blue microcavity organic light emitting devices,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(6), e74 (2013).
[Crossref]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, “Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(7), 071102 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shirasaki, Y.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

So, F.

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “A systematic study on efficiency enhancements in phosphorescent green, red and blue microcavity organic light emitting devices,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(6), e74 (2013).
[Crossref]

Song, J. J.

C. K. Choi, Y. H. Kwon, B. D. Little, G. H. Gainer, J. J. Song, Y. C. Chang, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Time-resolved photoluminescence of InxGa1-xN/GaN multiple quantum well structures: Effect of Si doping in the barriers,” Phys. Rev. 64(24), 245339 (2001).
[Crossref]

Song, J.-H.

C.-Y. Cho, S.-J. Lee, J.-H. Song, S.-H. Hong, S.-M. Lee, Y.-H. Cho, and S.-J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Speck, J.

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, Y.-L. Hu, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “High-brightness polarized light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(8), e22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, R.

A. Kumar, R. Srivastava, P. Tyagi, D. Mehta, and M. Kamalasanan, “Efficiency enhancement of organic light emitting diode via surface energy transfer between exciton and surface plasmon,” Org. Electron. 13(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stankevich, V. V.

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

Steckel, J.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stevenson, M.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Q. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot lght-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Strekal, N.

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Summers, M. A.

J. C. Ostrowski, A. Mikhailovsky, D. A. Bussian, M. A. Summers, S. K. Buratto, and G. C. Bazan, “Enhancement of phosphorescence by surface-plasmon resonances in colloidal metal nanoparticles: the role of aggregates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16(9), 1221 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sun, X. W.

X. Yang, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Dang, E. Mutlugun, K. Zhang, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement in quantum dot light-emitting diodes by embedding a silver nanoisland layer,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1439–1445 (2015).
[Crossref]

Supran, G. J.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2013).
[Crossref]

Takezoe, H.

W. H. Koo, S. M. Jeong, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes enhanced by spontaneously formed buckles,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 222–226 (2010).
[Crossref]

Toyooka, T.

W. H. Koo, S. M. Jeong, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes enhanced by spontaneously formed buckles,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 222–226 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tu, C. W.

N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tyagi, P.

A. Kumar, R. Srivastava, P. Tyagi, D. Mehta, and M. Kamalasanan, “Efficiency enhancement of organic light emitting diode via surface energy transfer between exciton and surface plasmon,” Org. Electron. 13(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Uemura, T.

A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, and Y. Kuwahara, “Enhanced fluorescence by surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles in an organic electroluminescence diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043307 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vaschenko, S. V.

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

Verschuuren, M. A.

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. K. Rodriguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. Gomez Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vial, A.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4(2), 759–764 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Viste, P.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Enhancement and quenching regimes in metal-semiconductor hybrid optical nanosources,” ACS Nano 4(2), 759–764 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Chen, Z. Lan, X. Zhai, W. Du, and Q. Gong, “Enhancement of Alq3 fluorescence by nanotextured silver films deposited on porous alumina substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151119 (2007).
[Crossref]

Weisbuch, C.

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, Y.-L. Hu, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “High-brightness polarized light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(8), e22 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woggon, U.

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Woo, H.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xa, J.

K. Qasim, J. Chen, Z. Li, W. Lei, and J. Xa, “Highly-improved performance of TiO2 nanocrystal based quantum dot light emitting diodes,” RSC Advances 3(30), 12104–12108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiang, C.

C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “A systematic study on efficiency enhancements in phosphorescent green, red and blue microcavity organic light emitting devices,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(6), e74 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiong, Q.

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, J. G.

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. G. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. Y.

K. Y. Yang, K. C. Choi, and C. W. Ahn, “Surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission rate in an organic light-emitting device structure: cathode structure for plasmonic application,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173301 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Dang, E. Mutlugun, K. Zhang, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement in quantum dot light-emitting diodes by embedding a silver nanoisland layer,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1439–1445 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yaroshevich, A.

O. Kulakovich, N. Strekal, A. Yaroshevich, S. Maskevich, S. Gaponenko, I. Nabiev, U. Woggon, and M. Artemyev, “Enhanced luminescence of CdSe quantum dots on gold colloids,” Nano Lett. 2(12), 1449–1452 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yim, S. Y.

N. Y. Kim, S. H. Hong, J. W. Kang, N. Myoung, S. Y. Yim, S. Jung, K. Lee, C. W. Tu, and S. J. Park, “Localized surface plasmon-enhanced green quantum dot light-emitting diodes using gold nanoparticles,” RSC Advances 5(25), 19624–19629 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yoon, Y.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zettsu, N.

A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, and Y. Kuwahara, “Enhanced fluorescence by surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles in an organic electroluminescence diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043307 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhai, X.

Z. Wang, Z. Chen, Z. Lan, X. Zhai, W. Du, and Q. Gong, “Enhancement of Alq3 fluorescence by nanotextured silver films deposited on porous alumina substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(15), 151119 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

X. Yang, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Dang, E. Mutlugun, K. Zhang, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Electroluminescence efficiency enhancement in quantum dot light-emitting diodes by embedding a silver nanoisland layer,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1439–1445 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

B. Peng, Z. Li, E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernández Martínez, D. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Gao, H. V. Demir, and Q. Xiong, “Quantum dots on vertically aligned gold nanorod monolayer: plasmon enhanced fluorescence,” Nanoscale 6(11), 5592–5598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. G. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic illustration of all-solution-processed, multilayered QLED. Surface SEM images of uniformly, compactly packed (b) ETL of ZnO NPs and (c) EML of QDs.(d) Energy level diagram for the various layers.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM images of (a) 20 nm Au NPs, (b) 27 nm Au NPs and (c) 77 nm Au NPs. (d) Normalized PL intensity of a QD film and absorption spectra of different size of Au NPs
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) PL intensity of QD films with and without Au NPs excited under 400 nm (The structure is ITO/PEDOT:PSS/Au NPs/TFB/QD), (b) Time-resolved fluorescence spectra of QD films with and without Au NPs at 10 K
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Current density–voltage (J–V), (b) EL spectra, (c) current efficiency-current density, and (d) power efficiency-current density of QLEDs without Au NPs and with different size of Au NPs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Dependence of current efficiency and power efficiency on TFB layer thickness for the QLED with 27 nm Au NPs.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Luminance lifetime for the SP enhanced QLED with 27 nm Au NPs and the control device without Au NPs during operation in ambient condition at room temperature. Inset shows the electroluminescence picture of Au NPs based device under 2.5 V.

Equations (3)

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F p = τ P L / τ P L = k P L / k P L ,
I Q E Q D A u = ( k r a d + k s p ) / ( k r a d + k n o n + k s p ) ,
I Q E Q D = k r a d / ( k r a d + k n o n ) ,

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