Abstract

A lens-less receiver with a monolithically integrated avalanche photodiode (APD) in 0.35 µm BiCMOS technology has been developed for establishing an indoor 2 Gb/s optical wireless communication (OWC) over a distance of 6.5 m with a receiving angle of 22°. Immunity toward background light was demonstrated up to 6000 lux. Four additional PIN photodiodes with highly sensitive differential nonlinear transimpedance amplifiers (TIA) were implemented on the receiver chip for centering the highly collimated transmitter beam position.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Wolf, J. Li, L. Grobe, D. O’Brien, L. M. Hoa, and O. Bouchet, “Challenges in Gbps Wireless Optical Transmission,” in Mobile Lightweight Wireless Systems, P. Chatzimisios, C. Verikoukis, I. Santamaría, M. Laddomada, O. Hoffmann, ed. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010)
  2. V. Jungnickel, A. Forck, T. Haustein, U. Kruger, V. Pohl, and C. von Helmolt, “Electronic Tracking for Wireless Infrared Communications,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2(5), 989–999 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. O’Brien, R. Turnbull, L. M. Hoa, G. Faulkner, O. Bouchet, P. Porcon, M. El Tabach, E. Gueutier, M. Wolf, L. Grobe, and J. Li, “High-Speed Optical Wireless Demonstrators: Conclusions and Future Directions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(13), 2181–2187 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Castillo-Vazquez and A. Puerta-Notario, “Single-Channel Imaging Receiver for Optical Wireless Communications,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(10), 897–899 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, and E. Skafidas, “High-speed indoor optical wireless communication system with single channel imaging receiver,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8442–8456 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. P. Brandl, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “PIN Photodiode Optoelectronic Integrated Receiver Used for 3-Gb/s Free-Space Optical Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(6), 391–400 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. Brandl, R. Enne, T. Jukic, and H. Zimmermann, “OWC Using a Fully Integrated Optical Receiver With Large-Diameter APD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(5), 482–485 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. Gaberl, B. Steindl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “0.35 μm CMOS avalanche photodiode with high responsivity and responsivity-bandwidth product,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 586–589 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. B. Steindl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With High Responsivity Integrated in High-Voltage CMOS,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 35(9), 897–899 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. Jukić, B. Steindl, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “200 μm APD OEIC in 0.35 μm BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).
  12. B. Steindl, W. Gaberl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With 1-GHz Bandwidth Fabricated in 0.35-µm CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1511–1514 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. Brandl, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “Optical Wireless Receiver Circuit with Integrated APD and High Background-Light Immunity,” in ESSCIRC 2015 - 41st, pp.48–51, 14–18 Sept. 2015.

2015 (1)

P. Brandl, R. Enne, T. Jukic, and H. Zimmermann, “OWC Using a Fully Integrated Optical Receiver With Large-Diameter APD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(5), 482–485 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

B. Steindl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With High Responsivity Integrated in High-Voltage CMOS,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 35(9), 897–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Steindl, W. Gaberl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With 1-GHz Bandwidth Fabricated in 0.35-µm CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1511–1514 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Brandl, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “PIN Photodiode Optoelectronic Integrated Receiver Used for 3-Gb/s Free-Space Optical Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(6), 391–400 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Gaberl, B. Steindl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “0.35 μm CMOS avalanche photodiode with high responsivity and responsivity-bandwidth product,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 586–589 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2005 (2)

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Castillo-Vazquez and A. Puerta-Notario, “Single-Channel Imaging Receiver for Optical Wireless Communications,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(10), 897–899 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

V. Jungnickel, A. Forck, T. Haustein, U. Kruger, V. Pohl, and C. von Helmolt, “Electronic Tracking for Wireless Infrared Communications,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2(5), 989–999 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bellon, J.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bouchet, O.

Brandl, P.

P. Brandl, R. Enne, T. Jukic, and H. Zimmermann, “OWC Using a Fully Integrated Optical Receiver With Large-Diameter APD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(5), 482–485 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Brandl, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “PIN Photodiode Optoelectronic Integrated Receiver Used for 3-Gb/s Free-Space Optical Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(6), 391–400 (2014).
[Crossref]

Castillo-Vazquez, M.

M. Castillo-Vazquez and A. Puerta-Notario, “Single-Channel Imaging Receiver for Optical Wireless Communications,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(10), 897–899 (2005).
[Crossref]

Edwards, D. J.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

El Tabach, M.

Enne, R.

P. Brandl, R. Enne, T. Jukic, and H. Zimmermann, “OWC Using a Fully Integrated Optical Receiver With Large-Diameter APD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(5), 482–485 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Steindl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With High Responsivity Integrated in High-Voltage CMOS,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 35(9), 897–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Gaberl, B. Steindl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “0.35 μm CMOS avalanche photodiode with high responsivity and responsivity-bandwidth product,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 586–589 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Steindl, W. Gaberl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With 1-GHz Bandwidth Fabricated in 0.35-µm CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1511–1514 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Jukić, B. Steindl, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “200 μm APD OEIC in 0.35 μm BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Faulkner, G.

Faulkner, G. E.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Forck, A.

V. Jungnickel, A. Forck, T. Haustein, U. Kruger, V. Pohl, and C. von Helmolt, “Electronic Tracking for Wireless Infrared Communications,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2(5), 989–999 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gaberl, W.

W. Gaberl, B. Steindl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “0.35 μm CMOS avalanche photodiode with high responsivity and responsivity-bandwidth product,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 586–589 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Steindl, W. Gaberl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With 1-GHz Bandwidth Fabricated in 0.35-µm CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1511–1514 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grobe, L.

Gueutier, E.

Haustein, T.

V. Jungnickel, A. Forck, T. Haustein, U. Kruger, V. Pohl, and C. von Helmolt, “Electronic Tracking for Wireless Infrared Communications,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2(5), 989–999 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hoa, L. M.

Holburn, D. M.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jim, K.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Joyner, V. M.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jukic, T.

P. Brandl, R. Enne, T. Jukic, and H. Zimmermann, “OWC Using a Fully Integrated Optical Receiver With Large-Diameter APD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(5), 482–485 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Jukić, B. Steindl, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “200 μm APD OEIC in 0.35 μm BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Jungnickel, V.

V. Jungnickel, A. Forck, T. Haustein, U. Kruger, V. Pohl, and C. von Helmolt, “Electronic Tracking for Wireless Infrared Communications,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2(5), 989–999 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kruger, U.

V. Jungnickel, A. Forck, T. Haustein, U. Kruger, V. Pohl, and C. von Helmolt, “Electronic Tracking for Wireless Infrared Communications,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2(5), 989–999 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lalithambika, V. A.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Lim, C.

Mears, R. J.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nirmalathas, A.

O’Brien, D.

D. O’Brien, R. Turnbull, L. M. Hoa, G. Faulkner, O. Bouchet, P. Porcon, M. El Tabach, E. Gueutier, M. Wolf, L. Grobe, and J. Li, “High-Speed Optical Wireless Demonstrators: Conclusions and Future Directions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(13), 2181–2187 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Parry, G.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pohl, V.

V. Jungnickel, A. Forck, T. Haustein, U. Kruger, V. Pohl, and C. von Helmolt, “Electronic Tracking for Wireless Infrared Communications,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2(5), 989–999 (2003).
[Crossref]

Porcon, P.

Puerta-Notario, A.

M. Castillo-Vazquez and A. Puerta-Notario, “Single-Channel Imaging Receiver for Optical Wireless Communications,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(10), 897–899 (2005).
[Crossref]

Samsudin, R. J.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schidl, S.

P. Brandl, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “PIN Photodiode Optoelectronic Integrated Receiver Used for 3-Gb/s Free-Space Optical Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(6), 391–400 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Steindl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With High Responsivity Integrated in High-Voltage CMOS,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 35(9), 897–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Steindl, W. Gaberl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With 1-GHz Bandwidth Fabricated in 0.35-µm CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1511–1514 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schneider-Hornstein, K.

B. Steindl, W. Gaberl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With 1-GHz Bandwidth Fabricated in 0.35-µm CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1511–1514 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Gaberl, B. Steindl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “0.35 μm CMOS avalanche photodiode with high responsivity and responsivity-bandwidth product,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 586–589 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sibley, M. J.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Skafidas, E.

Stavrinou, P.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

Steindl, B.

B. Steindl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With High Responsivity Integrated in High-Voltage CMOS,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 35(9), 897–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Steindl, W. Gaberl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With 1-GHz Bandwidth Fabricated in 0.35-µm CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1511–1514 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Gaberl, B. Steindl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “0.35 μm CMOS avalanche photodiode with high responsivity and responsivity-bandwidth product,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 586–589 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Jukić, B. Steindl, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “200 μm APD OEIC in 0.35 μm BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Turnbull, R.

von Helmolt, C.

V. Jungnickel, A. Forck, T. Haustein, U. Kruger, V. Pohl, and C. von Helmolt, “Electronic Tracking for Wireless Infrared Communications,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2(5), 989–999 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

Wolf, M.

Zimmermann, H.

P. Brandl, R. Enne, T. Jukic, and H. Zimmermann, “OWC Using a Fully Integrated Optical Receiver With Large-Diameter APD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(5), 482–485 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Brandl, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “PIN Photodiode Optoelectronic Integrated Receiver Used for 3-Gb/s Free-Space Optical Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(6), 391–400 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Steindl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With High Responsivity Integrated in High-Voltage CMOS,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 35(9), 897–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Gaberl, B. Steindl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “0.35 μm CMOS avalanche photodiode with high responsivity and responsivity-bandwidth product,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 586–589 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Steindl, W. Gaberl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With 1-GHz Bandwidth Fabricated in 0.35-µm CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1511–1514 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Jukić, B. Steindl, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “200 μm APD OEIC in 0.35 μm BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Zyambo, E. B.

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

M. Castillo-Vazquez and A. Puerta-Notario, “Single-Channel Imaging Receiver for Optical Wireless Communications,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(10), 897–899 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

B. Steindl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With High Responsivity Integrated in High-Voltage CMOS,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 35(9), 897–899 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. Brandl, S. Schidl, and H. Zimmermann, “PIN Photodiode Optoelectronic Integrated Receiver Used for 3-Gb/s Free-Space Optical Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(6), 391–400 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, E. B. Zyambo, K. Jim, D. J. Edwards, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, M. J. Sibley, V. A. Lalithambika, V. M. Joyner, R. J. Samsudin, D. M. Holburn, and R. J. Mears, “Integrated Transceivers for Optical Wireless Communication,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 173–183 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. Brandl, R. Enne, T. Jukic, and H. Zimmermann, “OWC Using a Fully Integrated Optical Receiver With Large-Diameter APD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(5), 482–485 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Steindl, W. Gaberl, R. Enne, S. Schidl, K. Schneider-Hornstein, and H. Zimmermann, “Linear Mode Avalanche Photodiode With 1-GHz Bandwidth Fabricated in 0.35-µm CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1511–1514 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. (1)

V. Jungnickel, A. Forck, T. Haustein, U. Kruger, V. Pohl, and C. von Helmolt, “Electronic Tracking for Wireless Infrared Communications,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2(5), 989–999 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

M. Wolf, J. Li, L. Grobe, D. O’Brien, L. M. Hoa, and O. Bouchet, “Challenges in Gbps Wireless Optical Transmission,” in Mobile Lightweight Wireless Systems, P. Chatzimisios, C. Verikoukis, I. Santamaría, M. Laddomada, O. Hoffmann, ed. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010)

P. Brandl, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “Optical Wireless Receiver Circuit with Integrated APD and High Background-Light Immunity,” in ESSCIRC 2015 - 41st, pp.48–51, 14–18 Sept. 2015.

T. Jukić, B. Steindl, R. Enne, and H. Zimmermann, “200 μm APD OEIC in 0.35 μm BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 APD cross-section with OEIC receiver block diagram
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Receiver frequency response at reverse voltage of –21 V
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) Laser diode and collimating optical system b) transmitter PCB mounted together with the MEMS beam steering mirror
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 BER versus distance between transmitter and receiver at 1 Gbit/s and 2 Gbit/s
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 BER versus incidence angle of the transmitted beam onto the receiver at a data rate of 2 Gbit/s at distance of 6 m
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 BER versus background illuminance at distance of 6 m

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