Abstract

The coherent reception of intensity modulated signal has been recently widely investigated, in which the signal is recovered by the envelop detection. High linewidth tolerance is achieved with such scheme. However, strong optical carrier exists during the transmission, which degrades the optical power efficiency. In this paper, an efficient modulation scheme for discrete multi-tone (DMT) signal is proposed based on the Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM). Different from the traditional intensity modulation, the proposed method employs both intensity and phase domain. Thus, the optical carrier power can be greatly reduced by adjusting the bias of MZM around the null point. By employing coherent detection and digital carrier regeneration (DCR), the carrier suppressed DMT signal can be recovered using envelop detection. No carrier frequency or phase estimation is required. Numerical investigations are made to demonstrate the feasibility, in which significant improvements are found for the proposed DCR method, showing great tolerance against laser linewidth and carrier power reduction. Finally, a 124-Gb/s transmission of polarization-division multiplexed DMT (PDM-DMT) signal is demonstrated over 100-km SSMF, with only −8 dB optical carrier to signal power ratio (CSPR).

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587–589 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. Takahara, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, Y. Kai, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Discrete multi-tone for 100 Gb/s optical access networks,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.1.
    [Crossref]
  3. X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper PDP5B.7.
  4. R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, S. H. Yu, Z. Zhang, and J. B. Xu, “Two orthogonal carriers assisted 82-Gb/s dual-band DDO-OFDM transmission over 320-km SSMF,” in Proc. OFC’15 (2015), paper TH2A.25.
  5. J. Tang, R. Giddings, and X. Jin, “Real-time optical OFDM transceivers for PON applications,” in Proc. OFC’11 (2011), paper OTuK3.
    [Crossref]
  6. C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, H. Y. Chen, and Y. F. Wu, “10-Gbps OFDM upstream rate by using RSOA-ONU with seeding-light for 75 km long-reach PON access,” in Proc. OFC’12 (2012), paper JTh2A.65.
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.
  8. T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
    [Crossref]
  9. W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
    [Crossref]
  10. R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, J. Li, X. Xiao, and C. Li, “Coherent OFDM-PON using intensity modulation and heterodyne detection,” in Proc. ACP’14 (2014), paper AW4E.1.
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  11. C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
    [Crossref]
  12. R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Xiao, X. Xiao, H. Li, and W. Shieh, “A cost-effective 2.5 Gb/s/λbi-directional coherent UDWDM-PON with computationally-efficient DSP,” in Proc. ECOC’14 (2014), paper. Th.2.6.4.
    [Crossref]
  13. Q. Hu, D. Che, Y. Wang, A. Li, J. Fang, and W. Shieh, “Beyond amplitude-only detection for digital coherent system using directly modulated laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2762–2765 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “Pre-emphasis and RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation for coherent OFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2007), paper MA1.2.
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Randel, S. Adhikari, and S. L. Jansen, “Analysis of RF-pilot-based phase noise compensation for coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1288–1290 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. X. Zhou, X. L. Yang, R. Li, and K. P. Long, “Efficient joint carrier frequency offset and phase noise compensation scheme for high-speed coherent optical OFDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(11), 1755–1761 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2013 (1)

2010 (1)

S. Randel, S. Adhikari, and S. L. Jansen, “Analysis of RF-pilot-based phase noise compensation for coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1288–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587–589 (2006).
[Crossref]

Adhikari, S.

S. Randel, S. Adhikari, and S. L. Jansen, “Analysis of RF-pilot-based phase noise compensation for coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1288–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

Amann, M. C.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

Athaudage, C.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587–589 (2006).
[Crossref]

Che, D.

Q. Hu, D. Che, Y. Wang, A. Li, J. Fang, and W. Shieh, “Beyond amplitude-only detection for digital coherent system using directly modulated laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2762–2765 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

Chen, H. Y.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, H. Y. Chen, and Y. F. Wu, “10-Gbps OFDM upstream rate by using RSOA-ONU with seeding-light for 75 km long-reach PON access,” in Proc. OFC’12 (2012), paper JTh2A.65.
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

Chow, C. W.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, H. Y. Chen, and Y. F. Wu, “10-Gbps OFDM upstream rate by using RSOA-ONU with seeding-light for 75 km long-reach PON access,” in Proc. OFC’12 (2012), paper JTh2A.65.
[Crossref]

Dong, P.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

Drenski, T.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

Fang, J.

Giddings, R.

J. Tang, R. Giddings, and X. Jin, “Real-time optical OFDM transceivers for PON applications,” in Proc. OFC’11 (2011), paper OTuK3.
[Crossref]

Gnauck, A.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

Gréus, C.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

He, J.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

Hu, Q.

Q. Hu, D. Che, Y. Wang, A. Li, J. Fang, and W. Shieh, “Beyond amplitude-only detection for digital coherent system using directly modulated laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2762–2765 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

Hu, R.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, S. H. Yu, Z. Zhang, and J. B. Xu, “Two orthogonal carriers assisted 82-Gb/s dual-band DDO-OFDM transmission over 320-km SSMF,” in Proc. OFC’15 (2015), paper TH2A.25.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Xiao, X. Xiao, H. Li, and W. Shieh, “A cost-effective 2.5 Gb/s/λbi-directional coherent UDWDM-PON with computationally-efficient DSP,” in Proc. ECOC’14 (2014), paper. Th.2.6.4.
[Crossref]

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, J. Li, X. Xiao, and C. Li, “Coherent OFDM-PON using intensity modulation and heterodyne detection,” in Proc. ACP’14 (2014), paper AW4E.1.
[Crossref]

Jansen, S. L.

S. Randel, S. Adhikari, and S. L. Jansen, “Analysis of RF-pilot-based phase noise compensation for coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1288–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “Pre-emphasis and RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation for coherent OFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2007), paper MA1.2.
[Crossref]

Jin, X.

J. Tang, R. Giddings, and X. Jin, “Real-time optical OFDM transceivers for PON applications,” in Proc. OFC’11 (2011), paper OTuK3.
[Crossref]

Kai, Y.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

T. Takahara, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, Y. Kai, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Discrete multi-tone for 100 Gb/s optical access networks,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.1.
[Crossref]

Li, A.

Q. Hu, D. Che, Y. Wang, A. Li, J. Fang, and W. Shieh, “Beyond amplitude-only detection for digital coherent system using directly modulated laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2762–2765 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

Li, C.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, J. Li, X. Xiao, and C. Li, “Coherent OFDM-PON using intensity modulation and heterodyne detection,” in Proc. ACP’14 (2014), paper AW4E.1.
[Crossref]

Li, H.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Xiao, X. Xiao, H. Li, and W. Shieh, “A cost-effective 2.5 Gb/s/λbi-directional coherent UDWDM-PON with computationally-efficient DSP,” in Proc. ECOC’14 (2014), paper. Th.2.6.4.
[Crossref]

Li, J.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, J. Li, X. Xiao, and C. Li, “Coherent OFDM-PON using intensity modulation and heterodyne detection,” in Proc. ACP’14 (2014), paper AW4E.1.
[Crossref]

Li, L.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

T. Takahara, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, Y. Kai, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Discrete multi-tone for 100 Gb/s optical access networks,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.1.
[Crossref]

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

Li, R.

Liu, B.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Long, K. P.

Luo, M.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, J. Li, X. Xiao, and C. Li, “Coherent OFDM-PON using intensity modulation and heterodyne detection,” in Proc. ACP’14 (2014), paper AW4E.1.
[Crossref]

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Xiao, X. Xiao, H. Li, and W. Shieh, “A cost-effective 2.5 Gb/s/λbi-directional coherent UDWDM-PON with computationally-efficient DSP,” in Proc. ECOC’14 (2014), paper. Th.2.6.4.
[Crossref]

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, S. H. Yu, Z. Zhang, and J. B. Xu, “Two orthogonal carriers assisted 82-Gb/s dual-band DDO-OFDM transmission over 320-km SSMF,” in Proc. OFC’15 (2015), paper TH2A.25.

Matsuda, M.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

Morita, I.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “Pre-emphasis and RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation for coherent OFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2007), paper MA1.2.
[Crossref]

Müller, M.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

Neumeyr, C.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

Nishihara, M.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

T. Takahara, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, Y. Kai, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Discrete multi-tone for 100 Gb/s optical access networks,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.1.
[Crossref]

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

Ortsiefer, M.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

Randel, S.

S. Randel, S. Adhikari, and S. L. Jansen, “Analysis of RF-pilot-based phase noise compensation for coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1288–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rasmussen, J. C.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

T. Takahara, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, Y. Kai, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Discrete multi-tone for 100 Gb/s optical access networks,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.1.
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

Q. Hu, D. Che, Y. Wang, A. Li, J. Fang, and W. Shieh, “Beyond amplitude-only detection for digital coherent system using directly modulated laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2762–2765 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587–589 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Xiao, X. Xiao, H. Li, and W. Shieh, “A cost-effective 2.5 Gb/s/λbi-directional coherent UDWDM-PON with computationally-efficient DSP,” in Proc. ECOC’14 (2014), paper. Th.2.6.4.
[Crossref]

Spiga, S.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

Takabayashi, K.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

Takahara, T.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

T. Takahara, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, Y. Kai, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Discrete multi-tone for 100 Gb/s optical access networks,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.1.
[Crossref]

Takeda, N.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “Pre-emphasis and RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation for coherent OFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2007), paper MA1.2.
[Crossref]

Tanaka, H.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “Pre-emphasis and RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation for coherent OFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2007), paper MA1.2.
[Crossref]

Tanaka, T.

T. Takahara, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, Y. Kai, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Discrete multi-tone for 100 Gb/s optical access networks,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.1.
[Crossref]

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Tang, J.

J. Tang, R. Giddings, and X. Jin, “Real-time optical OFDM transceivers for PON applications,” in Proc. OFC’11 (2011), paper OTuK3.
[Crossref]

Tao, Z.

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

T. Takahara, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, Y. Kai, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Discrete multi-tone for 100 Gb/s optical access networks,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.1.
[Crossref]

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Q. Hu, D. Che, Y. Wang, A. Li, J. Fang, and W. Shieh, “Beyond amplitude-only detection for digital coherent system using directly modulated laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2762–2765 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

Winzer, P.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. F.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, H. Y. Chen, and Y. F. Wu, “10-Gbps OFDM upstream rate by using RSOA-ONU with seeding-light for 75 km long-reach PON access,” in Proc. OFC’12 (2012), paper JTh2A.65.
[Crossref]

Xiao, X.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, J. Li, X. Xiao, and C. Li, “Coherent OFDM-PON using intensity modulation and heterodyne detection,” in Proc. ACP’14 (2014), paper AW4E.1.
[Crossref]

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Xiao, X. Xiao, H. Li, and W. Shieh, “A cost-effective 2.5 Gb/s/λbi-directional coherent UDWDM-PON with computationally-efficient DSP,” in Proc. ECOC’14 (2014), paper. Th.2.6.4.
[Crossref]

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Xiao, X. Xiao, H. Li, and W. Shieh, “A cost-effective 2.5 Gb/s/λbi-directional coherent UDWDM-PON with computationally-efficient DSP,” in Proc. ECOC’14 (2014), paper. Th.2.6.4.
[Crossref]

Xie, C. J.

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

Xu, J. B.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, S. H. Yu, Z. Zhang, and J. B. Xu, “Two orthogonal carriers assisted 82-Gb/s dual-band DDO-OFDM transmission over 320-km SSMF,” in Proc. OFC’15 (2015), paper TH2A.25.

Yan, W.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, J. Li, X. Xiao, and C. Li, “Coherent OFDM-PON using intensity modulation and heterodyne detection,” in Proc. ACP’14 (2014), paper AW4E.1.
[Crossref]

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Xiao, X. Xiao, H. Li, and W. Shieh, “A cost-effective 2.5 Gb/s/λbi-directional coherent UDWDM-PON with computationally-efficient DSP,” in Proc. ECOC’14 (2014), paper. Th.2.6.4.
[Crossref]

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, S. H. Yu, Z. Zhang, and J. B. Xu, “Two orthogonal carriers assisted 82-Gb/s dual-band DDO-OFDM transmission over 320-km SSMF,” in Proc. OFC’15 (2015), paper TH2A.25.

Yang, X. L.

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, H. Y. Chen, and Y. F. Wu, “10-Gbps OFDM upstream rate by using RSOA-ONU with seeding-light for 75 km long-reach PON access,” in Proc. OFC’12 (2012), paper JTh2A.65.
[Crossref]

Yu, S. H.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, S. H. Yu, Z. Zhang, and J. B. Xu, “Two orthogonal carriers assisted 82-Gb/s dual-band DDO-OFDM transmission over 320-km SSMF,” in Proc. OFC’15 (2015), paper TH2A.25.

Zhang, Z.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, S. H. Yu, Z. Zhang, and J. B. Xu, “Two orthogonal carriers assisted 82-Gb/s dual-band DDO-OFDM transmission over 320-km SSMF,” in Proc. OFC’15 (2015), paper TH2A.25.

Zhou, X.

Electron. Lett. (1)

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[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Randel, S. Adhikari, and S. L. Jansen, “Analysis of RF-pilot-based phase noise compensation for coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1288–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “Pre-emphasis and RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation for coherent OFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2007), paper MA1.2.
[Crossref]

T. Takahara, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, Y. Kai, L. Li, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Discrete multi-tone for 100 Gb/s optical access networks,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.1.
[Crossref]

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper PDP5B.7.

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, S. H. Yu, Z. Zhang, and J. B. Xu, “Two orthogonal carriers assisted 82-Gb/s dual-band DDO-OFDM transmission over 320-km SSMF,” in Proc. OFC’15 (2015), paper TH2A.25.

J. Tang, R. Giddings, and X. Jin, “Real-time optical OFDM transceivers for PON applications,” in Proc. OFC’11 (2011), paper OTuK3.
[Crossref]

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, H. Y. Chen, and Y. F. Wu, “10-Gbps OFDM upstream rate by using RSOA-ONU with seeding-light for 75 km long-reach PON access,” in Proc. OFC’12 (2012), paper JTh2A.65.
[Crossref]

Y. Kai, M. Nishihara, T. Tanaka, T. Takahara, L. Li, Z. Tao, B. Liu, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “Experimental comparison of pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and discrete multi-tone (DMT) for short-reach 400-Gbps data communication,” in Proc. ECOC’13 (2013), paper Th.1.F.3.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper M2I.5.
[Crossref]

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Proc. OFC’13 (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, J. Li, X. Xiao, and C. Li, “Coherent OFDM-PON using intensity modulation and heterodyne detection,” in Proc. ACP’14 (2014), paper AW4E.1.
[Crossref]

C. J. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, A. Gnauck, C. Gréus, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, M. Müller, and M. C. Amann, “Generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM 4-PAM using directly modulated VCSELs and coherent detection,” in Proc. OFC’14 (2014), paper Th3K.2.
[Crossref]

R. Hu, Q. Yang, M. Luo, X. Xiao, X. Xiao, H. Li, and W. Shieh, “A cost-effective 2.5 Gb/s/λbi-directional coherent UDWDM-PON with computationally-efficient DSP,” in Proc. ECOC’14 (2014), paper. Th.2.6.4.
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the proposed DCR method; (b) the recovered DMT signal when α = 4, and (c) when α = 20.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 OSNR versus BER at three different linewidth: 100 kHz, 1 MHz and 10 MHz, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 CSPR versus Q-Factor at three different linewidth: 100 kHz, 1 MHz and 10 MHz, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison between DCR and PA method at 100-Gb/s net data rate, CSPR versus Q-factor curves for linewidth of a) 100 kHz, b) 1 MHz and c) 10 MHz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental setup for the transmission of 124-Gb/s PDM-DMT signal over 100-km SSMF, (a) optical spectrum of the generated PDM-DMT signal; (b) electrical spectral of the received signal at CSPR = −9dB.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Bit loading profile for the 124-Gb/s DMT signal.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Channel response for the transmission of 124-Gb/s DMT signal over 100-km SSMF, with or without digital CD compensation.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Curve of CSPR versus BER at back to back measurement.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 OSNR versus BER at back-to-back measurement.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Curve of launch power versus BER for the transmission of 124-Gb/s PDM-DMT signal over 100-km SSMF.

Equations (4)

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c n =Aexp[ j ω IF n+jΔθ(n) ],
r n =( d n +A )exp[ j ω IF n+jΔθ(n) ],
| s n |=| r n +α c n |=| ( d n +(1+α)A ) |;
| s n |(α+1)| c n |=| d n +(α+1)A || (α+1)A |. = d n ,if:α>threshold

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