Abstract

We present a novel single-shot cross-correlation technique based on the analysis of the transversally emitted second harmonic generation in crystals with random distribution and size of anti-parallel nonlinear domains. We implement it to the measurement of ultrashort laser pulses with unknown temporal duration and shape. We optimize the error of the pulse measurement by controlling the incident angle and beam width. As novelty and unlike the other well-known cross correlation schemes, this technique can be implemented for the temporal characterization of pulses over a very wide dynamic range (30 fs–1ps) and wavelengths (800–2200 nm), using the same crystal and without critical angular or temperature alignment.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

2010 (2)

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, Ó. Varela, J. Toro, C. Mendez, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatiotemporal amplitude-and-phase reconstruction by Fourier-transform of interference spectra of high-complex-beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(5), 933–940 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(2), 308–437 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

B. Yellampalle, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Unambiguous chirp characterization using modified-spectrum auto-interferometric correlation and pulse spectrum,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8890–8899 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Priebe, K. Janulewicz, V. Redkorechev, J. Tummler, and P. Nickles, “Pulse shape measurement by a non-collinear third-order correlation technique,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 848–851 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

G. Berden, S. P. Jamison, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, B. Redlich, and A. F. van der Meer, “Electro-optic technique with improved time resolution for real-time, nondestructive, single-shot measurements of femtosecond electron bunch profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 114802 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

1971 (1)

D. H. Auston, “Measurement of picosecond pulse shape and background level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(6), 249 (1971).
[Crossref]

Alonso, B.

Auston, D. H.

D. H. Auston, “Measurement of picosecond pulse shape and background level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(6), 249 (1971).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

Beck, M.

Berden, G.

G. Berden, S. P. Jamison, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, B. Redlich, and A. F. van der Meer, “Electro-optic technique with improved time resolution for real-time, nondestructive, single-shot measurements of femtosecond electron bunch profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 114802 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bor, Z.

Brun, A.

Cojocaru, C.

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Roppo, D. Dumay, J. Trull, C. Cojocaru, S. M. Saltiel, K. Staliunas, R. Vilaseca, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Planar second-harmonic generation with noncollinear pumps in disordered media,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14192–14199 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Diels, J. C.

Dorrer, C.

I. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(2), 308–437 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dumay, D.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Roppo, D. Dumay, J. Trull, C. Cojocaru, S. M. Saltiel, K. Staliunas, R. Vilaseca, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Planar second-harmonic generation with noncollinear pumps in disordered media,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14192–14199 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fainman, Y.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, J. J.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallmann, L.

Ge, X.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Georges, P.

Gillespie, W. A.

G. Berden, S. P. Jamison, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, B. Redlich, and A. F. van der Meer, “Electro-optic technique with improved time resolution for real-time, nondestructive, single-shot measurements of femtosecond electron bunch profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 114802 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iaconis, C.

Ippen, E. P.

Jamison, S. P.

G. Berden, S. P. Jamison, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, B. Redlich, and A. F. van der Meer, “Electro-optic technique with improved time resolution for real-time, nondestructive, single-shot measurements of femtosecond electron bunch profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 114802 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Janulewicz, K.

G. Priebe, K. Janulewicz, V. Redkorechev, J. Tummler, and P. Nickles, “Pulse shape measurement by a non-collinear third-order correlation technique,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 848–851 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kalinowski, K.

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

Kivshar, Y. S.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Roppo, D. Dumay, J. Trull, C. Cojocaru, S. M. Saltiel, K. Staliunas, R. Vilaseca, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Planar second-harmonic generation with noncollinear pumps in disordered media,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14192–14199 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, Y.

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koynov, K.

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krolikowski, W.

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Roppo, D. Dumay, J. Trull, C. Cojocaru, S. M. Saltiel, K. Staliunas, R. Vilaseca, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Planar second-harmonic generation with noncollinear pumps in disordered media,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14192–14199 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krumbügel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Ma, J.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

MacLeod, A. M.

G. Berden, S. P. Jamison, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, B. Redlich, and A. F. van der Meer, “Electro-optic technique with improved time resolution for real-time, nondestructive, single-shot measurements of femtosecond electron bunch profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 114802 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matuschek, N.

Mazurenko, Y. T.

McMichael, I. C.

Mendez, C.

Müller, A.

Neshev, D.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

Neshev, D. N.

Nickles, P.

G. Priebe, K. Janulewicz, V. Redkorechev, J. Tummler, and P. Nickles, “Pulse shape measurement by a non-collinear third-order correlation technique,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 848–851 (2006).
[Crossref]

Oba, K.

Parra, A.

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Paye, J.

Priebe, G.

G. Priebe, K. Janulewicz, V. Redkorechev, J. Tummler, and P. Nickles, “Pulse shape measurement by a non-collinear third-order correlation technique,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 848–851 (2006).
[Crossref]

Qian, L.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Ramaswamy, M.

Raymer, M. G.

Redkorechev, V.

G. Priebe, K. Janulewicz, V. Redkorechev, J. Tummler, and P. Nickles, “Pulse shape measurement by a non-collinear third-order correlation technique,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 848–851 (2006).
[Crossref]

Redlich, B.

G. Berden, S. P. Jamison, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, B. Redlich, and A. F. van der Meer, “Electro-optic technique with improved time resolution for real-time, nondestructive, single-shot measurements of femtosecond electron bunch profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 114802 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roger, G.

Roppo, V.

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Roppo, D. Dumay, J. Trull, C. Cojocaru, S. M. Saltiel, K. Staliunas, R. Vilaseca, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Planar second-harmonic generation with noncollinear pumps in disordered media,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14192–14199 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roso, L.

Salin, F.

Saltiel, S.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

Saltiel, S. M.

San Román, J.

Sheng, Y.

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

Simoni, F.

Sola, I.

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sola, I. J.

Staliunas, K.

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Roppo, D. Dumay, J. Trull, C. Cojocaru, S. M. Saltiel, K. Staliunas, R. Vilaseca, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Planar second-harmonic generation with noncollinear pumps in disordered media,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14192–14199 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

Sun, P. C.

Sutter, D. H.

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Szabó, G.

Taylor, A. J.

Toro, J.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Trull, J.

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Roppo, D. Dumay, J. Trull, C. Cojocaru, S. M. Saltiel, K. Staliunas, R. Vilaseca, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Planar second-harmonic generation with noncollinear pumps in disordered media,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14192–14199 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tummler, J.

G. Priebe, K. Janulewicz, V. Redkorechev, J. Tummler, and P. Nickles, “Pulse shape measurement by a non-collinear third-order correlation technique,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 848–851 (2006).
[Crossref]

van der Meer, A. F.

G. Berden, S. P. Jamison, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, B. Redlich, and A. F. van der Meer, “Electro-optic technique with improved time resolution for real-time, nondestructive, single-shot measurements of femtosecond electron bunch profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 114802 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Varela, Ó.

Vilaseca, R.

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Roppo, D. Dumay, J. Trull, C. Cojocaru, S. M. Saltiel, K. Staliunas, R. Vilaseca, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Planar second-harmonic generation with noncollinear pumps in disordered media,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14192–14199 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I.

I. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(2), 308–437 (2009).
[Crossref]

Walmsley, I. A.

Wang, B.

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Wong, V.

Xie, G.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Yan, C.

Yellampalle, B.

Yuan, P.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Yuan, X.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Zaïr, A.

Zhu, H.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

I. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(2), 308–437 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Trull, S. Saltiel, V. Roppo, C. Cojocaru, D. Dumay, W. Krolikowski, D. Neshev, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Characterization of femtosecond pulses via transverse second-harmonic generation in random nonlinear media,” Appl. Phys. B 95(3), 609–615 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. H. Auston, “Measurement of picosecond pulse shape and background level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(6), 249 (1971).
[Crossref]

J. Trull, I. Sola, B. Wang, A. Parra, W. Krolikowski, Y. Sheng, R. Vilaseca, and C. Cojocaru, “Ultrashort pulse chirp measurement via transverse second-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(22), 221108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, “Second- and third-harmonic parametric scattering in disordered quadratic media,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(21), 215404 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Priebe, K. Janulewicz, V. Redkorechev, J. Tummler, and P. Nickles, “Pulse shape measurement by a non-collinear third-order correlation technique,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 848–851 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

G. Berden, S. P. Jamison, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, B. Redlich, and A. F. van der Meer, “Electro-optic technique with improved time resolution for real-time, nondestructive, single-shot measurements of femtosecond electron bunch profiles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 114802 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3818 (2014).
[PubMed]

Other (2)

R. Trebino, “FROG. The measurement of ultrashort laser pulses,” (Springer, 2000).

J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena, 2nd Ed. (Academic Press, 2006).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic representation of the TSCC setup; (b) The unknown pulse is overlapped with the reference pulse and focused onto the SBN crystal with the intersect angle 2α; the vertical emitted TSHG signal from the top of the SBN crystal is detected by a CCD; the TSCC trace sequence at different x position (x0, x1…xn) constitute the TSCC trace set.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a): The CCD recorded TAC trace set along the 5 mm SBN crystal; (b): The TAC trace sequence at x = 2 mm; (c): The CCD recorded TSCC trace set along the 5 mm SBN crystal; (d): ICC(t), the TSCC trace sequence at x = 2 mm; (e): IP(t), the retrieved unknown pulse sequence (blue dots), the Gaussian analytical fit (continuous red line), the original “unknown” pulse (pink dots) plotted used the experimental values of Tsep and the pulse duration for each single pulse measured in Fig. 2(b).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The CCD recorded TSCC traces set along the 5-mm SBN crystal when the Tsep are 200, 267, 367, 1333 fs respectively; (b): The TSCC profiles at the marked position in (a); (c): the retrieved shaped pulse sequence; (d): the simulated TSCC trace set along the 5-mm SBN crystal.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulation of the temporal part of the ICC trace: (a1) Itemporal (α = 12°, R0 = 0.8mm); (b1) Itemporal (α = 30°, R0 = 0.3mm); and (c1) Itemporal (α = 30°, R0 = 0.8mm). Simulation of the spatial part: (a2) Ispatial (α = 12°, R0 = 0.8mm); (b2) Ispatial (α = 30°, R0 = 0.3mm); and (c2) Ispatial (α = 30°, R0 = 0.8mm); Total cross-correlation trace, ICC, for each case [(a3), (b3) and (c3)]. Profiles of the CC trace at the position of the dashed line for Itemporal (red line) and ICC (blue dots) [(a4), (b4) and (c4)].

Equations (10)

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I P ( t ) = 1 ( ( I C C ( t ) ) ( I R ( t ) ) )
T A C = 2 Δ z A C sin α c
I C C ( t ) = I A exp ( ( t t 0 ) 2 ( T c c / ( 2 ln 2 ) ) 2 ) + I B exp ( ( t t 0 T s e p c c ) 2 ( T c c / ( 2 ln 2 ) ) 2 )
I R ( t ) = exp ( ( t t 0 ) 2 ( T R / ( 2 ln 2 ) ) 2 )
ε = ( T s e p P T s e p ) 2 T s e p 2 + ( T P T ) 2 T 2
I R = exp ( z 1 2 ( R 0 / ( 2 ln 2 ) 2 ) ) exp ( ( t x 1 / 2 ) 2 T R / ( 2 ln 2 ) 2 )
I P = exp ( z 2 2 ( R 0 / ( 2 ln 2 ) ) 2 ) [ I C exp ( ( t x 2 / 2 ) 2 T P / ( 2 ln 2 ) 2 ) + I D exp ( ( t T s e p P x 2 / 2 ) 2 T P / ( 2 ln 2 ) 2 ) ] s
I C C = d 33 I R I P d t
I s p a t i a l ( α , R 0 ) = exp ( 2 z 2 cos ( α ) 2 + x 2 sin ( α ) 2 ( R 0 / ( 2 ln 2 ) ) 2 )
I C C = I s p a t i a l ( α ,   R 0 ) I t e m p o r a l ( α )

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