Abstract

Dual-comb lasers simultaneously generating asynchronous ultrashort pulses could be an intriguing alternative to the current dual-laser comb source. When generated through a common light path, the low common-mode noises and good coherence between the pulse trains could be realized. Here we demonstrate the completely common-path, unidirectional dual-comb lasing using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber with additional pulse narrowing and broadening mechanisms. The interactions between multiple soliton formation mechanisms result in bifurcation into unusual two-pulse states with pulses of four-fold bandwidth difference and tens-of-Hz repetition rate difference. Coherence between the pulses is verified by the asynchronous cross-sampling and dual-comb spectroscopy measurements.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  5. X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Jiang, X. Yang, and J. Zhu, “Switchable, dual-wavelength passively mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser based on a single-wall carbon nanotube modelocker and intracavity loss tuning,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1168–1173 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  9. S. M. Link, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb modelocked laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5521–5531 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

Y. Liu, X. Zhao, J. Liu, G. Hu, Z. Gong, and Z. Zheng, “Widely-pulsewidth-tunable ultrashort pulse generation from a birefringent carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21012–21017 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, G. Hu, and J. Liu, “Dual-wavelength, bidirectional single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1722–1725 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82(4), 043817 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, B. Xu, and S. Yamashita, “Optical deposition of graphene and carbon nanotubes in a fiber ferrule for passive mode-locked lasing,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23054–23061 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, B. Aitchison, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2358–2363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. G. Bale, K. Kieu, J. N. Kutz, and F. Wise, “Transition dynamics for multi-pulsing in mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23137–23146 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. S. Liang, Z. X. Zhang, Q. Q. Kuang, and M. H. Sang, “All-fiber birefringent filter with fine tunability and changeable spacing,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2124–2128 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1173–1185 (2000).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

Aitchison, B.

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bale, B. G.

Bekker, A.

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, B. Fischer, and O. Gat, “Spectral sidebands and multipulse formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043831 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brown, D. P.

Cahyadi, H.

Chen, H.

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82(4), 043817 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Digiovanni, D. J.

Elgin, J. N.

Fischer, B.

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, B. Fischer, and O. Gat, “Spectral sidebands and multipulse formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043831 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fuse, K.

Gat, O.

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, B. Fischer, and O. Gat, “Spectral sidebands and multipulse formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043831 (2011).
[Crossref]

Golling, M.

Gong, Z.

Grelu, P.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hakulinen, T.

Härkönen, A.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1173–1185 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hayashi, K.

Hsieh, Y.-D.

Hu, G.

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, G. Hu, and J. Liu, “Dual-wavelength, bidirectional single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1722–1725 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, X. Zhao, J. Liu, G. Hu, Z. Gong, and Z. Zheng, “Widely-pulsewidth-tunable ultrashort pulse generation from a birefringent carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21012–21017 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ichikawa, R.

Inaba, H.

Iwata, T.

Jiang, Y.

Kaskela, A.

Kauppinen, E. I.

Keller, U.

Kelly, S. M. J.

Kieu, K.

Kivistö, S.

Klenner, A.

Komarov, A.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kuang, Q. Q.

P. S. Liang, Z. X. Zhang, Q. Q. Kuang, and M. H. Sang, “All-fiber birefringent filter with fine tunability and changeable spacing,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2124–2128 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kutz, J. N.

Leblond, H.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liang, P. S.

P. S. Liang, Z. X. Zhang, Q. Q. Kuang, and M. H. Sang, “All-fiber birefringent filter with fine tunability and changeable spacing,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2124–2128 (2009).
[Crossref]

Link, S. M.

Liu, J.

Liu, L.

Liu, Y.

Mangold, M.

Mansuripur, M.

Martinez, A.

Minoshima, K.

Mizutani, Y.

Nasibulin, A. G.

Nenadovic, L.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82(4), 043817 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, J. W.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Sanchez, F.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sang, M. H.

P. S. Liang, Z. X. Zhang, Q. Q. Kuang, and M. H. Sang, “All-fiber birefringent filter with fine tunability and changeable spacing,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2124–2128 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smulakovsky, V.

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, B. Fischer, and O. Gat, “Spectral sidebands and multipulse formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043831 (2011).
[Crossref]

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82(4), 043817 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tilma, B. W.

Wang, Q.

Weill, R.

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, B. Fischer, and O. Gat, “Spectral sidebands and multipulse formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043831 (2011).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R. S.

Wise, F.

Xu, B.

Yamamoto, H.

Yamashita, S.

Yang, X.

Yasui, T.

Zaugg, C. A.

Zhang, Z. X.

P. S. Liang, Z. X. Zhang, Q. Q. Kuang, and M. H. Sang, “All-fiber birefringent filter with fine tunability and changeable spacing,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2124–2128 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

Zheng, Z.

Zhu, J.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1173–1185 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, G. Hu, and J. Liu, “Dual-wavelength, bidirectional single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1722–1725 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

P. S. Liang, Z. X. Zhang, Q. Q. Kuang, and M. H. Sang, “All-fiber birefringent filter with fine tunability and changeable spacing,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2124–2128 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

S. M. Link, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb modelocked laser,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5521–5531 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. G. Bale, K. Kieu, J. N. Kutz, and F. Wise, “Transition dynamics for multi-pulsing in mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23137–23146 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Jiang, X. Yang, and J. Zhu, “Switchable, dual-wavelength passively mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser based on a single-wall carbon nanotube modelocker and intracavity loss tuning,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1168–1173 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and J. Liu, “Fast, long-scan-range pump-probe measurement based on asynchronous sampling using a dual-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25584–25589 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, R. S. Windeler, and D. J. Digiovanni, “Optically driven deposition of single-walled carbon-nanotube saturable absorbers on optical fiber end-faces,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9176–9183 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, B. Xu, and S. Yamashita, “Optical deposition of graphene and carbon nanotubes in a fiber ferrule for passive mode-locked lasing,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23054–23061 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, B. Aitchison, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2358–2363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, X. Zhao, J. Liu, G. Hu, Z. Gong, and Z. Zheng, “Widely-pulsewidth-tunable ultrashort pulse generation from a birefringent carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21012–21017 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yasui, K. Hayashi, R. Ichikawa, H. Cahyadi, Y.-D. Hsieh, Y. Mizutani, H. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, H. Inaba, and K. Minoshima, “Real-time absolute frequency measurement of continuous-wave terahertz radiation based on dual terahertz combs of photocarriers with different frequency spacings,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11367–11377 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, B. Fischer, and O. Gat, “Spectral sidebands and multipulse formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043831 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82(4), 043817 (2010).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

X. Zhao, Z. Gong, Y. Liu, Y. Yang, G. Hu, and Z. Zheng, “Coherent dual-comb mode-locked fiber laser based on a birefringent ring cavity,” in Frontiers in Optics 2015 (2015), paper FW3C.3.

T. N. Ideguchi, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Goda, “A bidirectional dual-comb ring laser for simple and robust dual-comb spectroscopy,” arXiv 1512.00979 (2015).

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, J. Guan, L. Liu, and Y. Sun, “High-resolution absolute distance measurement using a dual-wavelength, dual-comb, femtosecond fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012), paper CM2J.4.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, Y. Yang, C. Li, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Real-time absolute frequency measurement of continuous-wave terahertz radiation using a free-running, dual-wavelength, dual-comb mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2016), paper SM1H.2.
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fibre laser,” arXiv 1602.07788 (2016).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Configuration of the unidirectional dual-comb mode-locked fiber laser.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Optical spectra and (b) RF spectra of the laser under the traditional soliton regime with and without a polarizer.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Optical spectra evolution and (b) the corresponding temporal oscilloscope waveforms, when increasing the pump power; (c) the temporal waveforms of the ‘1 fs + 1 ps’ case captured at different time.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Experimental and sech2 fitted optical spectra; (b) experimental autocorrelation trace and calculated ones based on spectral information; (c) RF frequency spectrum of the laser output when Δf = 45 Hz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Experimental and sech2 fitted optical spectra; (b) RF frequency spectrum and (c) waveform of the laser output when Δf = 78 Hz.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Experimental setup for asynchronous sampling; (b) measured interferogram trace and (c) its Fourier transform.

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