Abstract

We presented a method to actualize the optical vortex generation with wavelength tunability via an acoustically-induced fiber grating (AIFG) driven by a radio frequency source. The circular polarization fundamental mode could be converted to the first-order optical vortex through the AIFG, and its topological charges were verified by the spiral pattern of coaxial interference between the first-order optical vortex and a Gaussian-reference beam. A spectral tuning range from 1540 nm to 1560 nm was demonstrated with a wavelength tunability slope of 4.65 nm/kHz. The mode conversion efficiency was 95% within the whole tuning spectral range.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (4)

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincar sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, J. Wen, and T. Wang, “Mode converter based on the long-period fiber gratings written in the two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6186–6195 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, L. Huang, K. Wei, P. Li, B. Jiang, D. Mao, F. Gao, T. Mei, G. Zhang, and J. Zhao, “Cylindrical vector beam generation in fiber with mode selectivity and wavelength tunability over broadband by acoustic flexural wave,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10376–10384 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

2013 (5)

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Xu and L. Yang, “Conversion of orbital angular momentum of light in chiral fiber gratings,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1978–1980 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2(5–6), 455–474 (2013).

Z. H. Zhai, Z. X. Li, J. J. Xu, and G. Q. Zhang, “Transfer and computation of optical topological charges via light pulse buffer memory in an electromagnetically-induced-transparency solid,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 035807 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, L. Huang, F. Gao, F. Bo, G. Zhang, and J. Xu, “Tunable broadband light coupler based on two parallel all-fiber acousto-optic tunable filters,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16621–16628 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

N. Bozinovic, S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Control of orbital angular momentum of light with optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2451–2453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yan, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, A. E. Willner, and S. J. Dolinar, “Fiber structure to convert a Gaussian beam to higher-order optical orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3294–3296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2006 (2)

P. Z. Dashti, F. Alhassen, and H. P. Lee, “Observation of orbital angular momentum transfer between acoustic and optical vortices in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(4), 043604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao and X. Liu, “Fiber acousto-optic mode coupling between the higher-order modes with adjacent azimuthal numbers,” Opt. Lett. 31(11), 1609–1611 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Dynamic fiber-optic add-drop multiplexer using Bragg gratings and acousto-optic-induced coupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(1), 84–86 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Structure of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(13), 133901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. O. Culverhouse, “The acousto-optic effect in single-mode fiber tapers and couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2519–2529 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5), 321–327 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yan, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, A. E. Willner, and S. J. Dolinar, “Fiber structure to convert a Gaussian beam to higher-order optical orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3294–3296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alhassen, F.

P. Z. Dashti, F. Alhassen, and H. P. Lee, “Observation of orbital angular momentum transfer between acoustic and optical vortices in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(4), 043604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andrés, M. V.

A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Dynamic fiber-optic add-drop multiplexer using Bragg gratings and acousto-optic-induced coupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(1), 84–86 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barnett, S. M.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5), 321–327 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. O. Culverhouse, “The acousto-optic effect in single-mode fiber tapers and couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2519–2529 (1996).
[Crossref]

Blake, J. N.

Bo, F.

Bowman, R.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bozinovic, S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Control of orbital angular momentum of light with optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2451–2453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, X.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coerwinkel, R. P. C.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5), 321–327 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cruz, J. L.

A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Dynamic fiber-optic add-drop multiplexer using Bragg gratings and acousto-optic-induced coupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(1), 84–86 (2003).
[Crossref]

Culverhouse, D. O.

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. O. Culverhouse, “The acousto-optic effect in single-mode fiber tapers and couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2519–2529 (1996).
[Crossref]

Curtis, J. E.

J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Structure of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(13), 133901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dashti, P. Z.

P. Z. Dashti, F. Alhassen, and H. P. Lee, “Observation of orbital angular momentum transfer between acoustic and optical vortices in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(4), 043604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delgado-Pinar, M.

A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Dynamic fiber-optic add-drop multiplexer using Bragg gratings and acousto-optic-induced coupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(1), 84–86 (2003).
[Crossref]

Díez, A.

A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Dynamic fiber-optic add-drop multiplexer using Bragg gratings and acousto-optic-induced coupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(1), 84–86 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dolinar, S. J.

Du, C.

Dudley, A.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincar sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Engan, H. E.

Erdogan, T.

Fazal, I. M.

Y. Yan, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, A. E. Willner, and S. J. Dolinar, “Fiber structure to convert a Gaussian beam to higher-order optical orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3294–3296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Forbes, A.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincar sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Franke-Arnold, S.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, F.

Gao, H.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, P.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, W.

Golowich, S.

Grier, D. G.

J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Structure of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(13), 133901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haakestad, M. W.

Hu, X.

Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

Ireland, D. G.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jack, B.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jha, A. K.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, B.

Jin, J.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson-Morris, B.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B. Y.

Kristensen, M.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5), 321–327 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kristensen, P.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2(5–6), 455–474 (2013).

N. Bozinovic, S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Control of orbital angular momentum of light with optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2451–2453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leach, J.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, H. P.

P. Z. Dashti, F. Alhassen, and H. P. Lee, “Observation of orbital angular momentum transfer between acoustic and optical vortices in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(4), 043604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, P.

Li, S.

Li, X.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z. X.

Z. H. Zhai, Z. X. Li, J. J. Xu, and G. Q. Zhang, “Transfer and computation of optical topological charges via light pulse buffer memory in an electromagnetically-induced-transparency solid,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 035807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Litvin, I.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincar sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Luo, J.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, X.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, D.

Marrucci, L.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincar sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mei, T.

Mo, Q.

Mora, J.

A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Dynamic fiber-optic add-drop multiplexer using Bragg gratings and acousto-optic-induced coupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(1), 84–86 (2003).
[Crossref]

Naidoo, D.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincar sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, J. L.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padgett, M.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piccirillo, B.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincar sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pu, M.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramachandran, S.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2(5–6), 455–474 (2013).

N. Bozinovic, S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Control of orbital angular momentum of light with optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2451–2453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Romero, J.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roux, F. S.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincar sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. St. J.

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. O. Culverhouse, “The acousto-optic effect in single-mode fiber tapers and couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2519–2529 (1996).
[Crossref]

Shaw, H. J.

Shen, B.

X. Zhang, B. Shen, Y. Shi, X. Wang, L. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Xu, L. Yi, and Z. Xu, “Generation of intense high-order vortex harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(17), 173901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, Y.

X. Zhang, B. Shen, Y. Shi, X. Wang, L. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Xu, L. Yi, and Z. Xu, “Generation of intense high-order vortex harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(17), 173901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skaar, J.

Sorel, M.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strain, M. J.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, M. G.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tur, M.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

S. Li, Q. Mo, X. Hu, C. Du, and J. Wang, “Controllable all-fiber orbital angular momentum mode converter,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4376–4379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yan, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, A. E. Willner, and S. J. Dolinar, “Fiber structure to convert a Gaussian beam to higher-order optical orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3294–3296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

Wang, W.

X. Zhang, B. Shen, Y. Shi, X. Wang, L. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Xu, L. Yi, and Z. Xu, “Generation of intense high-order vortex harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(17), 173901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

X. Zhang, B. Shen, Y. Shi, X. Wang, L. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Xu, L. Yi, and Z. Xu, “Generation of intense high-order vortex harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(17), 173901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, K.

Wen, J.

Willner, A. E.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yan, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, A. E. Willner, and S. J. Dolinar, “Fiber structure to convert a Gaussian beam to higher-order optical orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3294–3296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woerdman, J. P.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5), 321–327 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

Xu, J.

Xu, J. J.

Z. H. Zhai, Z. X. Li, J. J. Xu, and G. Q. Zhang, “Transfer and computation of optical topological charges via light pulse buffer memory in an electromagnetically-induced-transparency solid,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 035807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

X. Zhang, B. Shen, Y. Shi, X. Wang, L. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Xu, L. Yi, and Z. Xu, “Generation of intense high-order vortex harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(17), 173901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yan, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, A. E. Willner, and S. J. Dolinar, “Fiber structure to convert a Gaussian beam to higher-order optical orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3294–3296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, D.

Yang, J. Y.

Y. Yan, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, A. E. Willner, and S. J. Dolinar, “Fiber structure to convert a Gaussian beam to higher-order optical orbital angular momentum modes,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3294–3296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

Yao, A. M.

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yi, L.

X. Zhang, B. Shen, Y. Shi, X. Wang, L. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Xu, L. Yi, and Z. Xu, “Generation of intense high-order vortex harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(17), 173901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhai, Z. H.

Z. H. Zhai, Z. X. Li, J. J. Xu, and G. Q. Zhang, “Transfer and computation of optical topological charges via light pulse buffer memory in an electromagnetically-induced-transparency solid,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 035807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, G. Q.

Z. H. Zhai, Z. X. Li, J. J. Xu, and G. Q. Zhang, “Transfer and computation of optical topological charges via light pulse buffer memory in an electromagnetically-induced-transparency solid,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 035807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, B. Shen, Y. Shi, X. Wang, L. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Xu, L. Yi, and Z. Xu, “Generation of intense high-order vortex harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(17), 173901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, Y.

Zhao, Z.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Dynamic fiber-optic add-drop multiplexer using Bragg gratings and acousto-optic-induced coupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(1), 84–86 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. O. Culverhouse, “The acousto-optic effect in single-mode fiber tapers and couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2519–2529 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nanophotonics (1)

S. Ramachandran and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fiber,” Nanophotonics 2(5–6), 455–474 (2013).

Nat. Photonics (3)

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincar sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5), 321–327 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. H. Zhai, Z. X. Li, J. J. Xu, and G. Q. Zhang, “Transfer and computation of optical topological charges via light pulse buffer memory in an electromagnetically-induced-transparency solid,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 035807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P. Z. Dashti, F. Alhassen, and H. P. Lee, “Observation of orbital angular momentum transfer between acoustic and optical vortices in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(4), 043604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Structure of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(13), 133901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, B. Shen, Y. Shi, X. Wang, L. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Xu, L. Yi, and Z. Xu, “Generation of intense high-order vortex harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(17), 173901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (3)

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. J. Strain, B. Johnson-Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, “Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters,” Science 338(6105), 363–366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle-orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329(5992), 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: MP4 (296 KB)      1 order vortex output when coaxially interfered with a Gaussian-reference beam at 1550 nm.
» Visualization 2: MP4 (369 KB)      1 order vortex output when coaxially interfered with a Gaussian-reference beam at 1550 nm.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Example F11 mode of the acoustic flexural wave propagating along the unjacketed fiber. (b-c) Field patterns of F11 and HE11 modes on the cross-section of fiber, respectively. The arrows indicate the vibration directions of the F11 mode (b) and the polarization directions of the transverse electric field of the HE11 mode (c), which are all linearly polarized. (d) Sketch of the mode field overlap between the linearly-polarized F11 and HE11 modes on the cross section of fiber, ϕ denotes the crossing angle between the two modes. (e1-e4) Coupling coefficient κij versus ϕ for each of the first four high-order vector modes (TE01, HE 21 e v e n / o d d , TM01) with respect to different linear polarizations of F11 and HE11 modes.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Beatlength (LB) between HE 11 x / y and TE01, HE 21 e v e n / o d d , TM01 modes of the TMF. Relationship between the calculated grating period (Λ) of the AIFG and frequency of RF driving signal applied to the acoustic transducer.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental configuration of the actively wavelength tunable all-fiber optical vortex generation and examination. EDFA: Erbium doped fiber amplifier. SMF: single mode fiber. PC: polarization controller. MS: mode stripper. TMF: two mode fiber. MO: micro-objective. NPBS: Non polarizing beam splitter prism. CCD: charge coupled device.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a1-e1) and (a3-e3) are the mode intensity patterns of the VM 11 ± modes at different resonance wavelengths of λ = 1540 nm, 1545 nm, 1550 nm, 1555 nm and 1560 nm, respectively. The annular shape with null intensity in the center is characteristic of these modes. (a2-e2) and (a4-e4) are images of the VM 11 ± modes output when coaxially interfered with Gaussian-reference beams at above resonance wavelengths. The rotating spiral interference patterns at λ = 1550 nm are shown in Visualization 1 and Visualization 2, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Transmission spectra of the AIFG used to deduce the mode conversion efficiency. (a) Mode conversion efficiency were all kept ~13 dB with its resonance wavelength at λ = 1540 nm, 1545 nm, 1550 nm, 1555 nm and 1560 nm, respectively, when the RF driving frequency was set at f = 0.2972 MHz, 0.2983 MHz, 0.2994 MHz, 0.3004 MHz and 0.3015 MHz, respectively. (b) The resonance wavelength versus the RF driving frequency. The resonance wavelength tunability slope was measured to be 4.65 nm/kHz.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ n ( x , y ) = N 0 x ,
κ i j = π λ ε 0 μ 0 n 0 E i * ( x , y ) · Δ n ( x , y ) E j ( x , y ) d x d y ,
L B = Λ ,
τ = L / π R C e x t f

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