Abstract

We disseminated an ultra-broadband optical frequency reference based on a femtosecond (fs)-laser optical comb through a kilometer-scale fiber link. Its spectrum ranged from 1160 nm to 2180 nm without additional fs-laser combs at the end of the link. By employing a fiber-induced phase noise cancellation technique, the linewidth and fractional frequency instability attained for all disseminated comb modes were of order 1 Hz and 10−18 in a 5000 s averaging time. The ultra-broad optical frequency reference, for which absolute frequency is traceable to Japan Standard Time, was applied in the frequency stabilization of an injection-seeded Q-switched 2051 nm pulse laser for a coherent light detection and ranging LIDAR system.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).
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  9. K. Jung, J. Shin, J. Kang, S. Hunziker, C.-K. Min, and J. Kim, “Frequency comb-based microwave transfer over fiber with 7 × 10−19 instability using fiber-loop optical-microwave phase detectors,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1577–1580 (2014).
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  15. M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).
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  17. J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  18. B. I. Vasil’ev and O. M. Mannoun, “IR differential-absorption lidars for ecological monitoring of the environment,” Quantum Electron. 36(9), 801–820 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. Y. K. Park, G. Giuliani, and R. L. Byer, “Single axial mode operation of a Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator by injection seeding,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 117–125 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  23. J.-L. Lachambre, P. Lavigne, G. Otis, and M. Noël, “Injection locking and mode selection in TEA − CO2 laser oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 756–764 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. G. Hartnett, C. R. Locke, E. N. Ivanov, M. E. Tobar, and P. L. Stanwix, “Cryogenic sapphire oscillator with exceptionally high longterm frequency stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 203513 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

A. D. Ludlow, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, E. Peik, and P. O. Schmidt, “Optical atomic clocks,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87(2), 637–701 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

B. Ning, S.-Y. Zhang, D. Hou, J.-T. Wu, Z.-B. Li, and J.-Y. Zhao, “High-precision distribution of highly stable optical pulse trains with 8.8 × 10−19 instability,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5109 (2014).

K. Jung, J. Shin, J. Kang, S. Hunziker, C.-K. Min, and J. Kim, “Frequency comb-based microwave transfer over fiber with 7 × 10−19 instability using fiber-loop optical-microwave phase detectors,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1577–1580 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

G. Marra, H. S. Margolis, and D. J. Richardson, “Dissemination of an optical frequency comb over fiber with 3 × 10−18 fractional accuracy,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1775–1782 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

G. Marra, R. Slavík, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and P. Gill, “High-resolution microwave frequency transfer over an 86-km-long optical fiber network using a mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 511–513 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

N. Yamamoto and H. Sotobayashi, “All-band photonic transport system and its device,” Proc. SPIE 7235, 72350C (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

J. G. Hartnett, C. R. Locke, E. N. Ivanov, M. E. Tobar, and P. L. Stanwix, “Cryogenic sapphire oscillator with exceptionally high longterm frequency stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 203513 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. I. Vasil’ev and O. M. Mannoun, “IR differential-absorption lidars for ecological monitoring of the environment,” Quantum Electron. 36(9), 801–820 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of a high-stability and ultralow-jitter timing signal,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1225–1227 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3749–3771 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

Y. K. Park, G. Giuliani, and R. L. Byer, “Single axial mode operation of a Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator by injection seeding,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 117–125 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

J.-L. Lachambre, P. Lavigne, G. Otis, and M. Noël, “Injection locking and mode selection in TEA − CO2 laser oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 756–764 (1976).
[Crossref]

Abgrall, M.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Alam, S. U.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Al-Masoudi, A.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Amy-Klein, A.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Asai, K.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baddela, N. K.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Barber, Z. W.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barkov, N. I.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Barnola, J.-M.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Baron, P.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Basile, I.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Beck, K. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, M.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Bender, M.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bilicki, S.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Blatt, S.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bookjans, E.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Boyd, M. M.

A. D. Ludlow, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, E. Peik, and P. O. Schmidt, “Optical atomic clocks,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87(2), 637–701 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

Y. K. Park, G. Giuliani, and R. L. Byer, “Single axial mode operation of a Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator by injection seeding,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 117–125 (1984).
[Crossref]

Camisard, E.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Campbell, G. K.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chappellaz, J.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chardonnet, C.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Chiodo, N.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3749–3771 (2001).
[Crossref]

Davis, M.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

de Miranda, M. H. G.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delaygue, G.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Delmotte, M.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Denker, H.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Diddams, S. A.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dörscher, S.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Foreman, S. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fortier, T. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujieda, M.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fukuoka, H.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

GarciaGunning, F. C.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Gill, P.

Giuliani, G.

Y. K. Park, G. Giuliani, and R. L. Byer, “Single axial mode operation of a Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator by injection seeding,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 117–125 (1984).
[Crossref]

Gray, D. R.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Grebing, C.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Grosche, G.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Hachisu, H.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Häfner, S.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Hall, J. L.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3749–3771 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Hartnett, J. G.

J. G. Hartnett, C. R. Locke, E. N. Ivanov, M. E. Tobar, and P. L. Stanwix, “Cryogenic sapphire oscillator with exceptionally high longterm frequency stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 203513 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hayes, J. R.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Heidt, A. M.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Holman, K. W.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of a high-stability and ultralow-jitter timing signal,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1225–1227 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, “Precise frequency transfer through a fiber network by use of 1.5-µ m mode-locked sources,” Opt. Lett. 29(13), 1554–1556 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, F.-L.

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hou, D.

B. Ning, S.-Y. Zhang, D. Hou, J.-T. Wu, Z.-B. Li, and J.-Y. Zhao, “High-precision distribution of highly stable optical pulse trains with 8.8 × 10−19 instability,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5109 (2014).

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Hudson, D. D.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of a high-stability and ultralow-jitter timing signal,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1225–1227 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, “Precise frequency transfer through a fiber network by use of 1.5-µ m mode-locked sources,” Opt. Lett. 29(13), 1554–1556 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hunziker, S.

Ido, T.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Inaba, H.

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ishii, S.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, T.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Itabe, T.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, E. N.

J. G. Hartnett, C. R. Locke, E. N. Ivanov, M. E. Tobar, and P. L. Stanwix, “Cryogenic sapphire oscillator with exceptionally high longterm frequency stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 203513 (2006).
[Crossref]

Iwai, H

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jones, D. J.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, “Precise frequency transfer through a fiber network by use of 1.5-µ m mode-locked sources,” Opt. Lett. 29(13), 1554–1556 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jouzel, J.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jung, K.

Kang, C.-W.

C.-W. Kang, T.-A. Liu, R.-H. Shu, C.-L. Pan, and J.-L. Peng, “Simultaneously transfer microwave and optical frequency through fiber using mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2009), p. JWA70.

Kang, J.

Katori, H.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kelly, B.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Kim, J.

Kobayashi, T.

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
[Crossref]

Koczwara, A.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Koke, S.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Kotlyakov, V. M.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Koyama, M.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuhl, A.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Kumagai, M.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lachambre, J.-L.

J.-L. Lachambre, P. Lavigne, G. Otis, and M. Noël, “Injection locking and mode selection in TEA − CO2 laser oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 756–764 (1976).
[Crossref]

Lavigne, P.

J.-L. Lachambre, P. Lavigne, G. Otis, and M. Noël, “Injection locking and mode selection in TEA − CO2 laser oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 756–764 (1976).
[Crossref]

Le Coq, Y.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Le Targat, R.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Lea, S. N.

Legero, T.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Legrand, M.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lemke, N. D.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Li, Z.-B.

B. Ning, S.-Y. Zhang, D. Hou, J.-T. Wu, Z.-B. Li, and J.-Y. Zhao, “High-precision distribution of highly stable optical pulse trains with 8.8 × 10−19 instability,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5109 (2014).

Lipenkov, V. Y.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lisdat, C.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Liu, T.-A.

C.-W. Kang, T.-A. Liu, R.-H. Shu, C.-L. Pan, and J.-L. Peng, “Simultaneously transfer microwave and optical frequency through fiber using mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2009), p. JWA70.

Locke, C. R.

J. G. Hartnett, C. R. Locke, E. N. Ivanov, M. E. Tobar, and P. L. Stanwix, “Cryogenic sapphire oscillator with exceptionally high longterm frequency stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 203513 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lodewyck, J.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Lopez, O.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Lorius, C.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lours, M.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Ludlow, A. D.

A. D. Ludlow, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, E. Peik, and P. O. Schmidt, “Optical atomic clocks,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87(2), 637–701 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

MacSuibhne, N.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Mannoun, O. M.

B. I. Vasil’ev and O. M. Mannoun, “IR differential-absorption lidars for ecological monitoring of the environment,” Quantum Electron. 36(9), 801–820 (2006).
[Crossref]

Margolis, H. S.

Marra, G.

Martin, M. J.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsumoto, H.

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
[Crossref]

Meynadier, F.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Min, C.-K.

Minoshima, K.

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mizutani, K.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Morino, I.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Nagano, S.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nakajima, Y.

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nakazawa, M.

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nicolodi, D.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Ning, B.

B. Ning, S.-Y. Zhang, D. Hou, J.-T. Wu, Z.-B. Li, and J.-Y. Zhao, “High-precision distribution of highly stable optical pulse trains with 8.8 × 10−19 instability,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5109 (2014).

Noël, M.

J.-L. Lachambre, P. Lavigne, G. Otis, and M. Noël, “Injection locking and mode selection in TEA − CO2 laser oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 756–764 (1976).
[Crossref]

Numkam, E.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

O’Carroll, John

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Oates, C. W.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oda, R.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Onae, A.

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. Kobayashi, M. Nakazawa, and H. Matsumoto, “Optimized amplification of femtosecond optical pulses by dispersion management for octave-spanning optical frequency comb generation,” Opt. Commun. 281(17), 4484–4487 (2008).
[Crossref]

Otis, G.

J.-L. Lachambre, P. Lavigne, G. Otis, and M. Noël, “Injection locking and mode selection in TEA − CO2 laser oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 756–764 (1976).
[Crossref]

Pálsdóttir, B.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Pan, C.-L.

C.-W. Kang, T.-A. Liu, R.-H. Shu, C.-L. Pan, and J.-L. Peng, “Simultaneously transfer microwave and optical frequency through fiber using mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2009), p. JWA70.

Park, Y. K.

Y. K. Park, G. Giuliani, and R. L. Byer, “Single axial mode operation of a Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator by injection seeding,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 117–125 (1984).
[Crossref]

Parmigiani, F.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Peik, E.

A. D. Ludlow, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, E. Peik, and P. O. Schmidt, “Optical atomic clocks,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87(2), 637–701 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.-L.

C.-W. Kang, T.-A. Liu, R.-H. Shu, C.-L. Pan, and J.-L. Peng, “Simultaneously transfer microwave and optical frequency through fiber using mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2009), p. JWA70.

Pépin, L.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Petit, J. R.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

G. Marra, R. Slavík, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and P. Gill, “High-resolution microwave frequency transfer over an 86-km-long optical fiber network using a mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 511–513 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Petrovich, M. N.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Phelan, R.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Poletti, F.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Poli, N.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pottie, P. E.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Quintin, N.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Raupach, S.M.F.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Raynaud, D.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

G. Marra, H. S. Margolis, and D. J. Richardson, “Dissemination of an optical frequency comb over fiber with 3 × 10−18 fractional accuracy,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1775–1782 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Marra, R. Slavík, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and P. Gill, “High-resolution microwave frequency transfer over an 86-km-long optical fiber network using a mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 511–513 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Ritz, C.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Robyr, J. L.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Saltzman, E.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Sato, A.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, P. O.

A. D. Ludlow, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, E. Peik, and P. O. Schmidt, “Optical atomic clocks,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87(2), 637–701 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schnatz, H.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Seimetz, M.

M. Seimetz, “Laser linewidth limitations for optical systems with high-order modulation employing feed forward digital carrier phase estimation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2008), paper OTuM2.

Shi, C.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Shin, J.

Shu, R.-H.

C.-W. Kang, T.-A. Liu, R.-H. Shu, C.-L. Pan, and J.-L. Peng, “Simultaneously transfer microwave and optical frequency through fiber using mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2009), p. JWA70.

Slavík, R.

G. Marra, R. Slavík, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and P. Gill, “High-resolution microwave frequency transfer over an 86-km-long optical fiber network using a mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 511–513 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Sotobayashi, H.

N. Yamamoto and H. Sotobayashi, “All-band photonic transport system and its device,” Proc. SPIE 7235, 72350C (2009).
[Crossref]

Stalnaker, J. E.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stanwix, P. L.

J. G. Hartnett, C. R. Locke, E. N. Ivanov, M. E. Tobar, and P. L. Stanwix, “Cryogenic sapphire oscillator with exceptionally high longterm frequency stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 203513 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stefani, F.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Sterr, U.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Stievenard, M.

J. R. Petit, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, J.-M. Barnola, I. Basile, M. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, G. Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, V. Y. Lipenkov, C. Lorius, L. Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, and M. Stievenard, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420, 000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica,” Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).
[Crossref]

Takamoto, M.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takano, T.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, T.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thomsen, J. W.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, Jun Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1 × 10−16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319(5871), 1805–1808 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tobar, M. E.

J. G. Hartnett, C. R. Locke, E. N. Ivanov, M. E. Tobar, and P. L. Stanwix, “Cryogenic sapphire oscillator with exceptionally high longterm frequency stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 203513 (2006).
[Crossref]

Uchino, O.

S. Ishii, K. Mizutani, P. Baron, H Iwai, R. Oda, T. Itabe, H. Fukuoka, T. Ishikawa, M. Koyama, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, O. Uchino, A. Sato, and K. Asai, “Partial CO2 column-averaged dry-air mixing ratio from measurements by coherent 2-µ m differential absorption and wind lidar with laser frequency offset locking,” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 29, 1169–1181 (2012).
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Vasil’ev, B. I.

B. I. Vasil’ev and O. M. Mannoun, “IR differential-absorption lidars for ecological monitoring of the environment,” Quantum Electron. 36(9), 801–820 (2006).
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Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
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Wheeler, N. V.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Wiotte, F.

C. Lisdat, G. Grosche, N. Quintin, C. Shi, S.M.F. Raupach, C. Grebing, D. Nicolodi, F. Stefani, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, J. L. Robyr, N. Chiodo, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, A. Koczwara, S. Koke, A. Kuhl, F. Wiotte, F. Meynadier, E. Camisard, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, T. Legero, H. Schnatz, U. Sterr, H. Denker, C. Chardonnet, Y. Le Coq, G. Santarelli, A. Amy-Klein, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, O. Lopez, and P. E. Pottie, “A clock network for geodesy and fundamental science,” arXiv:1511.07735 (2015).

Wooler, J. P.

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, John O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. GarciaGunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, ‘Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µ m in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Wu, J.-T.

B. Ning, S.-Y. Zhang, D. Hou, J.-T. Wu, Z.-B. Li, and J.-Y. Zhao, “High-precision distribution of highly stable optical pulse trains with 8.8 × 10−19 instability,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5109 (2014).

Yamaguchi, A.

A. Yamaguchi, M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, H. Hachisu, S. Nagano, Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Takano, M. Takamoto, and H. Katori, “Direct comparison of distant optical lattice clocks at the 10−16 uncertainty,” Appl. Phys. Express 4, 082203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, N.

N. Yamamoto and H. Sotobayashi, “All-band photonic transport system and its device,” Proc. SPIE 7235, 72350C (2009).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

A. D. Ludlow, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, E. Peik, and P. O. Schmidt, “Optical atomic clocks,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 87(2), 637–701 (2015).
[Crossref]

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S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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B. Ning, S.-Y. Zhang, D. Hou, J.-T. Wu, Z.-B. Li, and J.-Y. Zhao, “High-precision distribution of highly stable optical pulse trains with 8.8 × 10−19 instability,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5109 (2014).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of an ultra-broadband optical frequency reference transfer via a fiber network. AOM: acousto-optic modulator, CIR: optical circulator, DCF: dispersion compensating fiber, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, FS: piezo-actuated fiber stretcher, HNLF: highly nonlinear fiber, SCL: single-mode fiber coupler, SMF: polarization-independent single-mode fiber, VCM: voice-coil-motorized delay-line stage, fbeat: frequency of heterodyne beat signal.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Optical spectra of the original comb emitted from a fs-pulse mode-locked laser (a), ultra-broadband optical reference disseminated after passing a 1.8 km fiber link (b), and broadband continuum related to the original comb at the local site (c). The spectrum of the ultrabroad optical reference ranges from 1160 to 2180 nm at −20 dB below the maximum. The wavelengths of the three auxiliary lasers used in the fiber-induced phase noise measurement are indicated by dotted lines.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Heterodyne beat spectra between the original FLFC broadened at the local site and flywheel lasers phase-locked to a nearby mode of the ultra-broadband optical reference disseminated through the fiber link. They were measured at wavelengths of 1310 nm (a, b), 1565 nm (c, d), and 2051 nm (e, f). The beat spectra with and without the fiber-induced noise cancellation are plotted by bold and dotted lines, respectively. RBW: resolution bandwidth, VBW: video bandwidth.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Allan standard deviations (a) and single-sideband phase noise spectra (b) of sampled optical modes comprising the ultra-broadband optical reference. (a) filled circles: fiber-induced noise cancellation (FNC) activated, open diamonds: FNC inactivated. The blue and red-dashed lines indicate the measurement noise floor at 1565 nm and the instability of a combination of EDFA 1 and HNLF 1, respectively. (b) green bold line: FNC activated, green dashed line: FNC inactivated, blue line: measurement noise floor and black line: system electric noise level. These were determined at a wavelength of 1565 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Dissemination of ultra-broadband optical frequency reference (UBOFR) for the stabilization of an injection-seeded Q-switched 2 μm pulse laser. A distribution fiber with a 900 m length connects the Space-Time Standard Laboratory (local site) and Remote Sensing Fundamentals Laboratory (user end) in NICT. They are located in adjacent campuses. The UBOFR was phase-locked to the 1538 nm narrow-linewidth laser, with an absolute frequency that is traceable to Japan Standard Time. At the user end, a seed laser with a 2051 nm wavelength was stabilized to the disseminated UBOFR and then injected into a Q-switched slave laser. fhet: heterodyne beat frequency, DAQ: data acquisition system, LO: local oscillator.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Characterization of an injection-seeded Q-switched 2 μm pulse laser phase-locked to the ultra-broadband optical frequency reference disseminated via a fiber network. (a) Typical heterodyne beat signal (fhet) between the Q-switched 2 μm pulse laser and stabilized seed laser 1 as a local oscillator. (b) Rf spectrum of the fhet. (c) Measured frequencies of Q-switched 2 μm pulse laser injection-seeded by the seed laser 1 (red line) and free-running seed laser 2 (blue line), respectively. (d) Fractional frequency instabilities as given by the Allan standard deviation. Instabilities of the Q-switched 2 μm laser injection-seeded by seed laser 1 (filled circles) and seed laser 2 (open circles), respectively. The instability of the returned comb mode at 2051 nm after passing through the 1.8 km fiber link (open diamonds). The instability of the 1538 nm narrow-linewidth laser against a cryogenic sapphire oscillator [24] (filled squares).

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