Abstract

Viewing-zone scanning holographic displays can enlarge both the screen size and the viewing zone. However, limitations exist in the screen size enlargement process even if the viewing zone is effectively enlarged. This study proposes a multi-channel viewing-zone scanning holographic display comprising multiple projection systems and a planar scanner to enable the scalable enlargement of the screen size. Each projection system produces an enlarged image of the screen of a MEMS spatial light modulator. The multiple enlarged images produced by the multiple projection systems are seamlessly tiled on the planar scanner. This screen size enlargement process reduces the viewing zones of the projection systems, which are horizontally scanned by the planar scanner comprising a rotating off-axis lens and a vertical diffuser to enlarge the viewing zone. A screen size of 7.4 in. and a viewing-zone angle of 43.0° are demonstrated.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

2014 (4)

2013 (2)

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. M. A. Lum, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, and X. Xu, “Increasing pixel count of holograms for three-dimensional holographic display by optical scan-tiling,” Opt. Eng. 52(1), 015802 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

R. Stahl and M. Jayapala, “Holographic displays and smart lenses,” Opt. Photonics 6(2), 39–42 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Takaki and N. Okada, “Reduction of image blurring of horizontally scanning holographic display,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11327–11334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

R. Häussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic displays as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030M (2008).
[Crossref]

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, Y. Lim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Wide viewing angle dynamic holographic stereogram with a curved array of spatial light modulators,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12372–12386 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

M. Stanley, M. A. G. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. D. Wood, “3D electronic holography display system using a 100 Mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 292–308 (2004).

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

P. S. Hilaire, S. A Benton, M Lucente, and P. M Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 73–84 (1992).
[Crossref]

Akeley, K.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aoshima, K.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Banks, M. S.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barabas, J.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benton, S. A

P. S. Hilaire, S. A Benton, M Lucente, and P. M Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 73–84 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bove, V. M.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cameron, C. D.

M. Stanley, M. A. G. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. D. Wood, “3D electronic holography display system using a 100 Mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 292–308 (2004).

Coomber, S. D.

M. Stanley, M. A. G. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. D. Wood, “3D electronic holography display system using a 100 Mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 292–308 (2004).

Fujii, K.

Fukaya, N.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[Crossref]

Funabashi, N.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Girshick, A. R.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hahn, J.

Häussler, R.

R. Häussler, S. Reichelt, N. Leister, E. Zschau, R. Missbach, and A. Schwerdtner, “Large real-time holographic displays: from prototype to a consumer product,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370S (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Häussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic displays as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030M (2008).
[Crossref]

Hilaire, P. S.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A Benton, M Lucente, and P. M Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 73–84 (1992).
[Crossref]

Hoffman, D. M.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Honda, T.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hubel, P. M

P. S. Hilaire, S. A Benton, M Lucente, and P. M Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 73–84 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ichihashi, Y.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, T. Senoh, R. Oi, and T. Kurita, “3D objects enlargement technique using an optical system and multiple SLMs for electronic holography,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21137–21144 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inoue, T.

Ishibashi, T.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jayapala, M.

R. Stahl and M. Jayapala, “Holographic displays and smart lenses,” Opt. Photonics 6(2), 39–42 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jolly, S.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

Kuga, K.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kurita, T.

Lee, B.

Leister, N.

R. Häussler, S. Reichelt, N. Leister, E. Zschau, R. Missbach, and A. Schwerdtner, “Large real-time holographic displays: from prototype to a consumer product,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370S (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Häussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic displays as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030M (2008).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

Z. M. A. Lum, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, and X. Xu, “Increasing pixel count of holograms for three-dimensional holographic display by optical scan-tiling,” Opt. Eng. 52(1), 015802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lim, Y.

Lucente, M

P. S. Hilaire, S. A Benton, M Lucente, and P. M Hubel, “Color images with the MIT holographic video display,” Proc. SPIE 1667, 73–84 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lum, Z. M. A.

Z. M. A. Lum, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, and X. Xu, “Increasing pixel count of holograms for three-dimensional holographic display by optical scan-tiling,” Opt. Eng. 52(1), 015802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Machida, K.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maeno, K.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, Y.

Mishina, T.

Missbach, R.

R. Häussler, S. Reichelt, N. Leister, E. Zschau, R. Missbach, and A. Schwerdtner, “Large real-time holographic displays: from prototype to a consumer product,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370S (2009).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nishikawa, O.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[Crossref]

Oi, R.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, T. Senoh, R. Oi, and T. Kurita, “3D objects enlargement technique using an optical system and multiple SLMs for electronic holography,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21137–21144 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okada, N.

Okano, F.

Pan, Y.

Z. M. A. Lum, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, and X. Xu, “Increasing pixel count of holograms for three-dimensional holographic display by optical scan-tiling,” Opt. Eng. 52(1), 015802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Park, G.

Reichelt, S.

R. Häussler, S. Reichelt, N. Leister, E. Zschau, R. Missbach, and A. Schwerdtner, “Large real-time holographic displays: from prototype to a consumer product,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370S (2009).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, H.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sato, F.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sato, K.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[Crossref]

Schwerdtner, A.

R. Häussler, S. Reichelt, N. Leister, E. Zschau, R. Missbach, and A. Schwerdtner, “Large real-time holographic displays: from prototype to a consumer product,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370S (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Häussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic displays as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 68030M (2008).
[Crossref]

Senoh, T.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, T. Senoh, R. Oi, and T. Kurita, “3D objects enlargement technique using an optical system and multiple SLMs for electronic holography,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21137–21144 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimidzu, N.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Slinger, C. W.

M. Stanley, M. A. G. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. D. Wood, “3D electronic holography display system using a 100 Mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 292–308 (2004).

Smalley, D. E.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, A. P.

M. Stanley, M. A. G. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. D. Wood, “3D electronic holography display system using a 100 Mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 292–308 (2004).

Smith, M. A. G.

M. Stanley, M. A. G. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. D. Wood, “3D electronic holography display system using a 100 Mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 292–308 (2004).

Smithwick, Q. Y.

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stahl, R.

R. Stahl and M. Jayapala, “Holographic displays and smart lenses,” Opt. Photonics 6(2), 39–42 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stanley, M.

M. Stanley, M. A. G. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. D. Wood, “3D electronic holography display system using a 100 Mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 292–308 (2004).

Takaki, Y.

Tanemoto, Y.

Wakunami, K.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watson, P. J.

M. Stanley, M. A. G. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. D. Wood, “3D electronic holography display system using a 100 Mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 292–308 (2004).

Wood, A. D.

M. Stanley, M. A. G. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. D. Wood, “3D electronic holography display system using a 100 Mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE 5249, 292–308 (2004).

Xu, X.

Z. M. A. Lum, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, and X. Xu, “Increasing pixel count of holograms for three-dimensional holographic display by optical scan-tiling,” Opt. Eng. 52(1), 015802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, K.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, T. Senoh, R. Oi, and T. Kurita, “3D objects enlargement technique using an optical system and multiple SLMs for electronic holography,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21137–21144 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yokouchi, M.

Yuyama, I.

Zheng, R.

Z. M. A. Lum, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, and X. Xu, “Increasing pixel count of holograms for three-dimensional holographic display by optical scan-tiling,” Opt. Eng. 52(1), 015802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zschau, E.

R. Häussler, S. Reichelt, N. Leister, E. Zschau, R. Missbach, and A. Schwerdtner, “Large real-time holographic displays: from prototype to a consumer product,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370S (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Vis. (1)

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue,” J. Vis. 8(3), 33 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

D. E. Smalley, Q. Y. Smithwick, V. M. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, “Anisotropic leaky-mode modulator for holographic video displays,” Nature 498(7454), 313–317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Z. M. A. Lum, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, and X. Xu, “Increasing pixel count of holograms for three-dimensional holographic display by optical scan-tiling,” Opt. Eng. 52(1), 015802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Photonics (1)

R. Stahl and M. Jayapala, “Holographic displays and smart lenses,” Opt. Photonics 6(2), 39–42 (2011).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (5)

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H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
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Supplementary Material (4)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: MP4 (3870 KB)      video of reconstructed image
» Visualization 2: MP4 (3195 KB)      video of reconstructed image
» Visualization 3: MP4 (2863 KB)      video of reconstructed image
» Visualization 4: MP4 (2473 KB)      video of reconstructed image

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of viewing-zone scanning holographic display.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of multi-channel viewing-zone scanning holographic display.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Multi-channel projection system: (a) modified projection system, and (b) tiling of multiple projection systems.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Planar scanner used for the multi-channel viewing zone scanning system.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Constructed projection system (screen lens is combined with planar scanner so it does not appear in this photo).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Constructed planar scanner having circular window with diameter of 200 mm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Experimental system for holographic display employing two-channel projection system.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Tiling of two screens of the two projector systems.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Reconstructed images captured from five different horizontal positions in enlarged viewing zone: (a) apple (see Visualization 1), (b) head (see Visualization 2), (c) T-REX (see Visualization 3), and (b) castle (see Visualization 4).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Effect of the correction of the double image generation: (a) without the correction, and (b) with the correction.

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