Abstract

We report a passively mode-locked fiber laser by nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR), where both vector and scalar soliton can co-exist within the laser cavity. The mode-locked pulse evolves as a vector soliton in the strong birefringent segment and is transformed into a regular scalar soliton after the polarizer within the laser cavity. The existence of solutions in a polarization-dependent cavity comprising a periodic combination of two distinct nonlinear waves is first demonstrated and likely to be applicable to various other nonlinear systems. For very large local birefringence, our laser approaches the operation regime of vector soliton lasers, while it approaches scalar soliton fiber lasers under the condition of very small birefringence.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (1)

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

2014 (3)

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. V. Sergeyev, C. B. Mou, E. G. Turitsyna, A. Rozhin, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. Blow, “Spiral attractor created by vector solitons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(1), e131 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, X. Bu, R. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Zhu, H. Teng, H. Han, and Z. Wei, “All-normal-dispersion passive harmonic mode-locking 220 fs ytterbium fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 53(23), 5088–5091 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

2012 (3)

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. E. Willner, J. Wang, and H. Huang, “Applied physics. A different angle on light communications,” Science 337(6095), 655–656 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

C. Mou, S. Sergeyev, A. Rozhin, and S. Turistyn, “All-fiber polarization locked vector soliton laser using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3831–3833 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Y. H. Zhong, Z. X. Zhang, and X. Y. Tao, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on nonlinear optical loop mirror with semiconductor optical amplifier,” Laser Phys. 20(8), 1756–1759 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (5)

2003 (1)

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 67(1), 013802 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drumond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. D. Kim, J. N. Kutz, and D. J. Muraki, “Pulse-train uniformity in optical fiber lasers passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE J. Ouantum Electron. 36(4), 465–471 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1992 (3)

C.-J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, and C. R. Menyuk, “Soliton fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 17(6), 417–419 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, “Polarization multiplexing with solitons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 28–35 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic Theory of Additive Pulse and Kerr Lens Mode Locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2086–2096 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

Aditya, S.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N. N.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, and W. H. Knox, “Phase locking and periodic evolution of solitons in passively mode-locked fiber lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 23(11), 852–854 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bergano, N. S.

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, “Polarization multiplexing with solitons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 28–35 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Blow, K.

S. V. Sergeyev, C. B. Mou, E. G. Turitsyna, A. Rozhin, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. Blow, “Spiral attractor created by vector solitons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(1), e131 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bu, X.

Butkus, M.

Chen, C.-J.

Chen, J.

Chen, S.

Chen, Y.

Chernov, A.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Collings, B.

Collings, B. C.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, and W. H. Knox, “Phase locking and periodic evolution of solitons in passively mode-locked fiber lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 23(11), 852–854 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, and W. H. Knox, “Phase locking and periodic evolution of solitons in passively mode-locked fiber lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 23(11), 852–854 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Drumond, P. D.

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drumond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

Erneux, T.

Evangelides, S. G.

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, “Polarization multiplexing with solitons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 28–35 (1992).
[Crossref]

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fu, S. N.

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fu, X.

Fujimoto, J. G.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic Theory of Additive Pulse and Kerr Lens Mode Locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2086–2096 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y. Q.

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gordon, J. P.

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, “Polarization multiplexing with solitons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 28–35 (1992).
[Crossref]

Gui, L. L.

Hamilton, C. J.

Han, H.

Han, M.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic Theory of Additive Pulse and Kerr Lens Mode Locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2086–2096 (1992).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

A. E. Willner, J. Wang, and H. Huang, “Applied physics. A different angle on light communications,” Science 337(6095), 655–656 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic Theory of Additive Pulse and Kerr Lens Mode Locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2086–2096 (1992).
[Crossref]

Jiang, G.

Jin, X. X.

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

Kelleher, E. J. R.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, A. D.

A. D. Kim, J. N. Kutz, and D. J. Muraki, “Pulse-train uniformity in optical fiber lasers passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE J. Ouantum Electron. 36(4), 465–471 (2000).
[Crossref]

Knox, W.

Knox, W. H.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, and W. H. Knox, “Phase locking and periodic evolution of solitons in passively mode-locked fiber lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 23(11), 852–854 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kutz, J. N.

A. D. Kim, J. N. Kutz, and D. J. Muraki, “Pulse-train uniformity in optical fiber lasers passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE J. Ouantum Electron. 36(4), 465–471 (2000).
[Crossref]

Leblond, H.

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 67(1), 013802 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, D. M.

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

Liu, H. H.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Loh, K. P.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Period-doubling of vector solitons in a ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(22), 5614–5617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, J. L.

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Maker, G.

Malcolm, G. P. A.

Man, W. S.

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drumond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

Menyuk, C. R.

Miao, L.

Mikhailov, V.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mollenauer, L. F.

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, “Polarization multiplexing with solitons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 28–35 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mou, C.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Mou, S. Sergeyev, A. Rozhin, and S. Turistyn, “All-fiber polarization locked vector soliton laser using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3831–3833 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mou, C. B.

S. V. Sergeyev, C. B. Mou, E. G. Turitsyna, A. Rozhin, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. Blow, “Spiral attractor created by vector solitons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(1), e131 (2014).
[Crossref]

Muraki, D. J.

A. D. Kim, J. N. Kutz, and D. J. Muraki, “Pulse-train uniformity in optical fiber lasers passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE J. Ouantum Electron. 36(4), 465–471 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ni, Z. H.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Obraztsova, E. D.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, C. M.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pang, Z.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rabin, B.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rafailov, E. U.

Ren, Y. X.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rozhin, A.

S. V. Sergeyev, C. B. Mou, E. G. Turitsyna, A. Rozhin, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. Blow, “Spiral attractor created by vector solitons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(1), e131 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Mou, S. Sergeyev, A. Rozhin, and S. Turistyn, “All-fiber polarization locked vector soliton laser using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3831–3833 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salhi, M.

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 67(1), 013802 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, F.

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 67(1), 013802 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sergeyev, S.

Sergeyev, S. V.

S. V. Sergeyev, C. B. Mou, E. G. Turitsyna, A. Rozhin, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. Blow, “Spiral attractor created by vector solitons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(1), e131 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, D. Y.

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y.

Shen, Z. X.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shum, P.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. F.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, and W. H. Knox, “Phase locking and periodic evolution of solitons in passively mode-locked fiber lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 23(11), 852–854 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tam, H. Y.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, H. Zhang, and H. Y. Tam, “Coexistence of polarization-locked and polarization-rotating vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3059–3061 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Period-doubling of vector solitons in a ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(22), 5614–5617 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drumond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, H. Zhang, and H. Y. Tam, “Coexistence of polarization-locked and polarization-rotating vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3059–3061 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Period-doubling of vector solitons in a ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(22), 5614–5617 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, and N. Xiang, “Soliton trapping in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9528–9533 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and N. Xiang, “Coherent energy exchange between components of a vector soliton in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12618–12623 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drumond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tao, X. Y.

Y. H. Zhong, Z. X. Zhang, and X. Y. Tao, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on nonlinear optical loop mirror with semiconductor optical amplifier,” Laser Phys. 20(8), 1756–1759 (2010).
[Crossref]

Teng, H.

Tsatourian, V.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tur, M.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Turistyn, S.

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. V. Sergeyev, C. B. Mou, E. G. Turitsyna, A. Rozhin, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. Blow, “Spiral attractor created by vector solitons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(1), e131 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyna, E. G.

S. V. Sergeyev, C. B. Mou, E. G. Turitsyna, A. Rozhin, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. Blow, “Spiral attractor created by vector solitons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(1), e131 (2014).
[Crossref]

Viktorov, E. A.

Wai, P. K. A.

Wang, H. H.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “463-MHz fundamental mode-locked fiber laser based on few-layer MoS(2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1374–1377 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, X. Bu, R. Wang, L. Zhang, J. Zhu, H. Teng, H. Han, and Z. Wei, “All-normal-dispersion passive harmonic mode-locking 220 fs ytterbium fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 53(23), 5088–5091 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. E. Willner, J. Wang, and H. Huang, “Applied physics. A different angle on light communications,” Science 337(6095), 655–656 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

Wang, R.

Wang, S. M.

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z.

Westbrook, P. S.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willner, A. E.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. E. Willner, J. Wang, and H. Huang, “Applied physics. A different angle on light communications,” Science 337(6095), 655–656 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wong, J. H.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “463-MHz fundamental mode-locked fiber laser based on few-layer MoS(2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1374–1377 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

Wu, Z. C.

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

Xiang, N.

Xiao, X. S.

Yan, P.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. X.

Yang, J. Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, H. Zhang, and H. Y. Tam, “Coexistence of polarization-locked and polarization-rotating vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3059–3061 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Period-doubling of vector solitons in a ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(22), 5614–5617 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and N. Xiang, “Coherent energy exchange between components of a vector soliton in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12618–12623 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, and N. Xiang, “Soliton trapping in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9528–9533 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Q.

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

Zhang, S.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S. M.

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Z. X.

Y. H. Zhong, Z. X. Zhang, and X. Y. Tao, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on nonlinear optical loop mirror with semiconductor optical amplifier,” Laser Phys. 20(8), 1756–1759 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, L. M.

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, H. Zhang, and H. Y. Tam, “Coexistence of polarization-locked and polarization-rotating vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3059–3061 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, and N. Xiang, “Soliton trapping in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9528–9533 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and N. Xiang, “Coherent energy exchange between components of a vector soliton in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12618–12623 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Period-doubling of vector solitons in a ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(22), 5614–5617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhong, Y. H.

Y. H. Zhong, Z. X. Zhang, and X. Y. Tao, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on nonlinear optical loop mirror with semiconductor optical amplifier,” Laser Phys. 20(8), 1756–1759 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Ouantum Electron. (1)

A. D. Kim, J. N. Kutz, and D. J. Muraki, “Pulse-train uniformity in optical fiber lasers passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” IEEE J. Ouantum Electron. 36(4), 465–471 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Analytic Theory of Additive Pulse and Kerr Lens Mode Locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2086–2096 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Wang, S. M. Wang, J. L. Luo, Y. Q. Ge, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. M. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. M. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. G. Evangelides, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, “Polarization multiplexing with solitons,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(1), 28–35 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. (1)

Y. H. Zhong, Z. X. Zhang, and X. Y. Tao, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on nonlinear optical loop mirror with semiconductor optical amplifier,” Laser Phys. 20(8), 1756–1759 (2010).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

S. V. Sergeyev, C. B. Mou, E. G. Turitsyna, A. Rozhin, S. K. Turitsyn, and K. Blow, “Spiral attractor created by vector solitons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(1), e131 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, “Period-doubling of vector solitons in a ring fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(22), 5614–5617 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. M. Ouyang, H. H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

M. Butkus, E. A. Viktorov, T. Erneux, C. J. Hamilton, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, and E. U. Rafailov, “85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25526–25531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, Y. Chen, L. Miao, G. Jiang, S. Chen, J. Liu, X. Fu, C. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Wide spectral and wavelength-tunable dissipative soliton fiber laser with topological insulator nano-sheets self-assembly films sandwiched by PMMA polymer,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7681–7693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Cundiff, B. Collings, and W. Knox, “Polarization locking in an isotropic, modelocked soliton Er/Yb fiber laser,” Opt. Express 1(1), 12–21 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, and N. Xiang, “Soliton trapping in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9528–9533 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and N. Xiang, “Coherent energy exchange between components of a vector soliton in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12618–12623 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Photonics J. (1)

X. X. Jin, Z. C. Wu, Q. Zhang, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Shen, S. N. Fu, D. M. Liu, and L. M. Zhao, “Generation of high-order group-velocity-locked vector solitons,” Photonics J. 7(5), 7102206 (2015).

Phys. Rev. A (2)

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drumond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Phys. Rev. A 67(1), 013802 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (2)

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 29128 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. E. Willner, J. Wang, and H. Huang, “Applied physics. A different angle on light communications,” Science 337(6095), 655–656 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of the experimental setup including both the laser cavity and polarization resolved measurement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Numerical simulation of the output spectrum of the polarization-resolved projections from the OC1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical simulation of the output spectrum of the polarization-resolved projections from OC2. (a)(c)(e) Intensity profiles and (b)(d)(f) corresponding optical spectra. (a)(b) Two orthogonal components with a 180-degree phase difference. (c)(d)(e)(f) The movement of pulse profile and spectral dip by gradually changing the phase delay introduced by the PC3.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Experimental optical spectra of the two orthogonal axes from the OC1 before and after the PBS. Exampled normal state: the horizontal axis (red dot) and vertical axis (blue dot). Maximum-minimum state: the horizontal axis (red solid), vertical axis (blue solid) and total spectrum (black). (b) Experimental autocorrelation traces and pulse-trains from the OC1 before and after PBS. Horizontal axis (red), vertical axis (blue) and total pulse profile (black).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Experimental optical spectra of the two orthogonal axes from the OC2 before and after the PBS. The horizontal axis (red), vertical axis when two polarized components have a 180-degree phase difference (blue), vertical axis with dip movement (purple and green) and total spectrum (black). (b) Experimental autocorrelation traces and pulse-trains from the OC2 before and after PBS. Horizontal axis (red), vertical axis (blue), and total pulse profile (black).

Equations (3)

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u z =iβuδ u t i k '' 2 2 u t 2 + i k ''' 6 3 u t 3 +iγ( | u | 2 + 2 3 | v | 2 )u+ iγ 3 v 2 u * + g 2 u+ g 2 Ω g 2 2 u t 2
v z =iβv+δ v t i k '' 2 2 v t 2 + i k ''' 6 3 v t 3 +iγ( | v | 2 + 2 3 | u | 2 )v+ iγ 3 u 2 v * + g 2 v+ g 2 Ω g 2 2 v t 2
g=G*exp[ ( | u | 2 + | v | 2 )dt P sat ]

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