Abstract

A europium-doped (Eu-doped) silica optical fiber is fabricated using modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) technology. Europium fluoride (EuF3) material is introduced into the fiber core with a high temperature vaporizing technique. Its concentration is approximately 0.11 at %. The outer and core diameters of doped fiber are approximately 122 and 9 μm, respectively. Refractive index difference (RID) between core and cladding is approximately 2%. A magneto-optical effect measurement system, which is based on the Stokes polarization parameters method, is set up to analyze its magneto-optical properties. The Verdet constant of the Eu-doped optical fiber is −4.563 rad T−1m−1, which is approximately double than that of single mode fiber (SMF) at 660 nm.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2013 (4)

L. Cheng, J. Han, Z. Guo, L. Jin, and B.-O. Guan, “Faraday-rotation-based miniature magnetic field sensor using polarimetric heterodyning fiber grating laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 688–690 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Huang, L. Chen, Q. Guo, F. F. Pang, J. X. Wen, Y. N. Shang, and T. Y. Wang, “The measurement system of birefringence and Verdet constant of optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 9046, 904615 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Majeed, A. Shaheen, and M. S. Anwar, “Complete Stokes polarimetry of magneto-optical Faraday effect in a terbium gallium garnet crystal at cryogenic temperatures,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25148–25158 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. V. Valiev, J. B. Gruber, A. K. Mukhammadiev, V. O. Pelenovich, F. U. Dejun, and G. W. Burdick, “Magneto-optics of non-Kramers Eu 3+ ions in garnets: analysis complemented by crystal-field splitting modeling calculations,” J. Rare Earths 31(9), 837–842 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

2007 (1)

V. I. Tsaryuk, K. P. Zhuravlev, V. F. Zolin, V. A. Kudryashova, J. Legendziewicz, and R. Szostak, “Luminescence efficiency of aromatic carboxylates of europium and terbium when methylene bridges and nitro groups are present in the ligands,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(1), 51–59 (2007).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K. Sato, K. Yamaguchi, F. Maruyama, and N. Nishi, “Anomalous magnetic properties of heavily Tb-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63(10), 104416 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. 13(07), 1989–1995 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

D. R. MacFarlane, C. R. Bradbury, P. J. Newman, and J. Javorniczky, “Faraday rotation in rare earth fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213, 199–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

K. Binnemans and C. Goerller-Walrand, “Magnetic circular dichroism and optical absorption spectra of Eu3+ in Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 92(13), 2487–2493 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1991 (1)

G. T. Petrovskii, I. S. Edelman, T. V. Zarubina, A. V. Malakhovskii, V. N. Zabluda, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Faraday effect and spectral properties of high-concentrated rare earth oxide glasses in visible and near UV region,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130(1), 35–40 (1991).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

U. V. Valiev, A. K. Zvezdin, G. S. Krinchik, R. Z. Levitin, K. M. Mukimov, and A. I. Popov, “Faraday effect of rare-earth iron garnets in strong magnetic fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 58(1), 181–189 (1983).

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

1967 (2)

R. P. Hunt, “Magneto-optic scattering from thin solid films,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 38(4), 1652–1671 (1967).
[Crossref]

H. H. Caspers, H. E. Rast, and J. L. Fry, “Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of EuF3,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(11), 4505–4514 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

L. G. V. Uitert and L. F. Johnson, “Energy transfer between rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 44(9), 3514–3522 (1966).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

S. B. Berger, C. B. Rubinstein, C. R. Kurkjian, and A. W. Treptow, “Faraday rotation of rare-earth (III) phosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. 133(3A), A723–A727 (1964).
[Crossref]

1934 (1)

J. H. Van Vleck and M. H. Hebb, “On the paramagnetic rotation of tysonite,” Phys. Rev. 46(1), 17–32 (1934).
[Crossref]

Abrate, S.

Anwar, M. S.

Ballato, J.

Barlow, A. J.

Berger, S. B.

S. B. Berger, C. B. Rubinstein, C. R. Kurkjian, and A. W. Treptow, “Faraday rotation of rare-earth (III) phosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. 133(3A), A723–A727 (1964).
[Crossref]

Binnemans, K.

K. Binnemans and C. Goerller-Walrand, “Magnetic circular dichroism and optical absorption spectra of Eu3+ in Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 92(13), 2487–2493 (1996).
[Crossref]

Boetti, N.

Bonner, C. E.

Bradbury, C. R.

D. R. MacFarlane, C. R. Bradbury, P. J. Newman, and J. Javorniczky, “Faraday rotation in rare earth fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213, 199–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Burdick, G. W.

U. V. Valiev, J. B. Gruber, A. K. Mukhammadiev, V. O. Pelenovich, F. U. Dejun, and G. W. Burdick, “Magneto-optics of non-Kramers Eu 3+ ions in garnets: analysis complemented by crystal-field splitting modeling calculations,” J. Rare Earths 31(9), 837–842 (2013).
[Crossref]

Caspers, H. H.

H. H. Caspers, H. E. Rast, and J. L. Fry, “Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of EuF3,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(11), 4505–4514 (1967).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. C.

Chen, L.

Y. Huang, L. Chen, Q. Guo, F. F. Pang, J. X. Wen, Y. N. Shang, and T. Y. Wang, “The measurement system of birefringence and Verdet constant of optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 9046, 904615 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. H.

Chen, Q.

Chen, Z. Y.

T. Y. Wang, X. L. Zeng, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, and Z. Y. Chen, “Characteristics of photoluminescence and Raman spectra of InP doped silica fiber,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7791–7793 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L.

Day, G. W.

Dejun, F. U.

U. V. Valiev, J. B. Gruber, A. K. Mukhammadiev, V. O. Pelenovich, F. U. Dejun, and G. W. Burdick, “Magneto-optics of non-Kramers Eu 3+ ions in garnets: analysis complemented by crystal-field splitting modeling calculations,” J. Rare Earths 31(9), 837–842 (2013).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Dong, X.

Edelman, I. S.

G. T. Petrovskii, I. S. Edelman, T. V. Zarubina, A. V. Malakhovskii, V. N. Zabluda, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Faraday effect and spectral properties of high-concentrated rare earth oxide glasses in visible and near UV region,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130(1), 35–40 (1991).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

Fry, J. L.

H. H. Caspers, H. E. Rast, and J. L. Fry, “Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of EuF3,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(11), 4505–4514 (1967).
[Crossref]

Fujita, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. 13(07), 1989–1995 (1998).
[Crossref]

Goerller-Walrand, C.

K. Binnemans and C. Goerller-Walrand, “Magnetic circular dichroism and optical absorption spectra of Eu3+ in Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 92(13), 2487–2493 (1996).
[Crossref]

Gruber, J. B.

U. V. Valiev, J. B. Gruber, A. K. Mukhammadiev, V. O. Pelenovich, F. U. Dejun, and G. W. Burdick, “Magneto-optics of non-Kramers Eu 3+ ions in garnets: analysis complemented by crystal-field splitting modeling calculations,” J. Rare Earths 31(9), 837–842 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guan, B.-O.

Guo, Q.

Y. Huang, L. Chen, Q. Guo, F. F. Pang, J. X. Wen, Y. N. Shang, and T. Y. Wang, “The measurement system of birefringence and Verdet constant of optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 9046, 904615 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

Han, J.

Han, W.-T.

Harris, L.

L. Harris, D. Ottaway, and P. J. Veitch, “The Verdet constant of Er-doped crystalline YAG and tellurite glass at 1645 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 429–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hebb, M. H.

J. H. Van Vleck and M. H. Hebb, “On the paramagnetic rotation of tysonite,” Phys. Rev. 46(1), 17–32 (1934).
[Crossref]

Hirao, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. 13(07), 1989–1995 (1998).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, L. Chen, Q. Guo, F. F. Pang, J. X. Wen, Y. N. Shang, and T. Y. Wang, “The measurement system of birefringence and Verdet constant of optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 9046, 904615 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hunt, R. P.

R. P. Hunt, “Magneto-optic scattering from thin solid films,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 38(4), 1652–1671 (1967).
[Crossref]

Hussain, R.

Ivanov, M. Y.

G. T. Petrovskii, I. S. Edelman, T. V. Zarubina, A. V. Malakhovskii, V. N. Zabluda, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Faraday effect and spectral properties of high-concentrated rare earth oxide glasses in visible and near UV region,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130(1), 35–40 (1991).
[Crossref]

Javorniczky, J.

D. R. MacFarlane, C. R. Bradbury, P. J. Newman, and J. Javorniczky, “Faraday rotation in rare earth fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213, 199–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Jin, L.

Jin, Y.

Johnson, L. F.

L. G. V. Uitert and L. F. Johnson, “Energy transfer between rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 44(9), 3514–3522 (1966).
[Crossref]

Ju, S.

Kim, H. K.

Kivshar, Y. S.

Krinchik, G. S.

U. V. Valiev, A. K. Zvezdin, G. S. Krinchik, R. Z. Levitin, K. M. Mukimov, and A. I. Popov, “Faraday effect of rare-earth iron garnets in strong magnetic fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 58(1), 181–189 (1983).

Kruk, S. S.

Kudryashova, V. A.

V. I. Tsaryuk, K. P. Zhuravlev, V. F. Zolin, V. A. Kudryashova, J. Legendziewicz, and R. Szostak, “Luminescence efficiency of aromatic carboxylates of europium and terbium when methylene bridges and nitro groups are present in the ligands,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(1), 51–59 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kurkjian, C. R.

S. B. Berger, C. B. Rubinstein, C. R. Kurkjian, and A. W. Treptow, “Faraday rotation of rare-earth (III) phosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. 133(3A), A723–A727 (1964).
[Crossref]

Legendziewicz, J.

V. I. Tsaryuk, K. P. Zhuravlev, V. F. Zolin, V. A. Kudryashova, J. Legendziewicz, and R. Szostak, “Luminescence efficiency of aromatic carboxylates of europium and terbium when methylene bridges and nitro groups are present in the ligands,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(1), 51–59 (2007).
[Crossref]

Levitin, R. Z.

U. V. Valiev, A. K. Zvezdin, G. S. Krinchik, R. Z. Levitin, K. M. Mukimov, and A. I. Popov, “Faraday effect of rare-earth iron garnets in strong magnetic fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 58(1), 181–189 (1983).

Lew, W. S.

Liew, H. F.

Lousteau, J.

MacFarlane, D. R.

D. R. MacFarlane, C. R. Bradbury, P. J. Newman, and J. Javorniczky, “Faraday rotation in rare earth fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213, 199–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Majeed, H.

Malakhovskii, A. V.

G. T. Petrovskii, I. S. Edelman, T. V. Zarubina, A. V. Malakhovskii, V. N. Zabluda, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Faraday effect and spectral properties of high-concentrated rare earth oxide glasses in visible and near UV region,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130(1), 35–40 (1991).
[Crossref]

Marciante, J. R.

Maruyama, F.

K. Sato, K. Yamaguchi, F. Maruyama, and N. Nishi, “Anomalous magnetic properties of heavily Tb-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63(10), 104416 (2001).
[Crossref]

Matsuoka, N.

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. 13(07), 1989–1995 (1998).
[Crossref]

Merlo, M.

Milanese, D.

Mukhammadiev, A. K.

U. V. Valiev, J. B. Gruber, A. K. Mukhammadiev, V. O. Pelenovich, F. U. Dejun, and G. W. Burdick, “Magneto-optics of non-Kramers Eu 3+ ions in garnets: analysis complemented by crystal-field splitting modeling calculations,” J. Rare Earths 31(9), 837–842 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mukimov, K. M.

U. V. Valiev, A. K. Zvezdin, G. S. Krinchik, R. Z. Levitin, K. M. Mukimov, and A. I. Popov, “Faraday effect of rare-earth iron garnets in strong magnetic fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 58(1), 181–189 (1983).

Neshev, D. N.

Newman, P. J.

D. R. MacFarlane, C. R. Bradbury, P. J. Newman, and J. Javorniczky, “Faraday rotation in rare earth fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213, 199–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nishi, N.

K. Sato, K. Yamaguchi, F. Maruyama, and N. Nishi, “Anomalous magnetic properties of heavily Tb-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63(10), 104416 (2001).
[Crossref]

Noginov, M. A.

Noginova, N.

Olivero, M.

Ottaway, D.

L. Harris, D. Ottaway, and P. J. Veitch, “The Verdet constant of Er-doped crystalline YAG and tellurite glass at 1645 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 429–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pang, F. F.

Y. Huang, L. Chen, Q. Guo, F. F. Pang, J. X. Wen, Y. N. Shang, and T. Y. Wang, “The measurement system of birefringence and Verdet constant of optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 9046, 904615 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Wang, X. L. Zeng, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, and Z. Y. Chen, “Characteristics of photoluminescence and Raman spectra of InP doped silica fiber,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7791–7793 (2009).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

Pelenovich, V. O.

U. V. Valiev, J. B. Gruber, A. K. Mukhammadiev, V. O. Pelenovich, F. U. Dejun, and G. W. Burdick, “Magneto-optics of non-Kramers Eu 3+ ions in garnets: analysis complemented by crystal-field splitting modeling calculations,” J. Rare Earths 31(9), 837–842 (2013).
[Crossref]

Petrovskii, G. T.

G. T. Petrovskii, I. S. Edelman, T. V. Zarubina, A. V. Malakhovskii, V. N. Zabluda, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Faraday effect and spectral properties of high-concentrated rare earth oxide glasses in visible and near UV region,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130(1), 35–40 (1991).
[Crossref]

Popov, A. I.

U. V. Valiev, A. K. Zvezdin, G. S. Krinchik, R. Z. Levitin, K. M. Mukimov, and A. I. Popov, “Faraday effect of rare-earth iron garnets in strong magnetic fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 58(1), 181–189 (1983).

Ramskov-Hansen, J. J.

Rast, H. E.

H. H. Caspers, H. E. Rast, and J. L. Fry, “Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of EuF3,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(11), 4505–4514 (1967).
[Crossref]

Rubinstein, C. B.

S. B. Berger, C. B. Rubinstein, C. R. Kurkjian, and A. W. Treptow, “Faraday rotation of rare-earth (III) phosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. 133(3A), A723–A727 (1964).
[Crossref]

Sato, K.

K. Sato, K. Yamaguchi, F. Maruyama, and N. Nishi, “Anomalous magnetic properties of heavily Tb-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63(10), 104416 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shaheen, A.

Shang, Y. N.

Y. Huang, L. Chen, Q. Guo, F. F. Pang, J. X. Wen, Y. N. Shang, and T. Y. Wang, “The measurement system of birefringence and Verdet constant of optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 9046, 904615 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shiyu, Y.

Snitzer, E.

Soga, N.

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. 13(07), 1989–1995 (1998).
[Crossref]

Staude, I.

Stolen, R. H.

Sun, L.

Szostak, R.

V. I. Tsaryuk, K. P. Zhuravlev, V. F. Zolin, V. A. Kudryashova, J. Legendziewicz, and R. Szostak, “Luminescence efficiency of aromatic carboxylates of europium and terbium when methylene bridges and nitro groups are present in the ligands,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(1), 51–59 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. 13(07), 1989–1995 (1998).
[Crossref]

Terrel, M. A.

Treptow, A. W.

S. B. Berger, C. B. Rubinstein, C. R. Kurkjian, and A. W. Treptow, “Faraday rotation of rare-earth (III) phosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. 133(3A), A723–A727 (1964).
[Crossref]

Tsaryuk, V. I.

V. I. Tsaryuk, K. P. Zhuravlev, V. F. Zolin, V. A. Kudryashova, J. Legendziewicz, and R. Szostak, “Luminescence efficiency of aromatic carboxylates of europium and terbium when methylene bridges and nitro groups are present in the ligands,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(1), 51–59 (2007).
[Crossref]

Turner, E. H.

Uitert, L. G. V.

L. G. V. Uitert and L. F. Johnson, “Energy transfer between rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 44(9), 3514–3522 (1966).
[Crossref]

Valiev, U. V.

U. V. Valiev, J. B. Gruber, A. K. Mukhammadiev, V. O. Pelenovich, F. U. Dejun, and G. W. Burdick, “Magneto-optics of non-Kramers Eu 3+ ions in garnets: analysis complemented by crystal-field splitting modeling calculations,” J. Rare Earths 31(9), 837–842 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. V. Valiev, A. K. Zvezdin, G. S. Krinchik, R. Z. Levitin, K. M. Mukimov, and A. I. Popov, “Faraday effect of rare-earth iron garnets in strong magnetic fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 58(1), 181–189 (1983).

Van Vleck, J. H.

J. H. Van Vleck and M. H. Hebb, “On the paramagnetic rotation of tysonite,” Phys. Rev. 46(1), 17–32 (1934).
[Crossref]

Veitch, P. J.

L. Harris, D. Ottaway, and P. J. Veitch, “The Verdet constant of Er-doped crystalline YAG and tellurite glass at 1645 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 429–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. Y.

Y. Huang, L. Chen, Q. Guo, F. F. Pang, J. X. Wen, Y. N. Shang, and T. Y. Wang, “The measurement system of birefringence and Verdet constant of optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 9046, 904615 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Wang, X. L. Zeng, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, and Z. Y. Chen, “Characteristics of photoluminescence and Raman spectra of InP doped silica fiber,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7791–7793 (2009).
[Crossref]

Watekar, P. R.

Wen, H.

Wen, J. X.

Y. Huang, L. Chen, Q. Guo, F. F. Pang, J. X. Wen, Y. N. Shang, and T. Y. Wang, “The measurement system of birefringence and Verdet constant of optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 9046, 904615 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Wang, X. L. Zeng, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, and Z. Y. Chen, “Characteristics of photoluminescence and Raman spectra of InP doped silica fiber,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7791–7793 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wong, W. C.

Yamaguchi, K.

K. Sato, K. Yamaguchi, F. Maruyama, and N. Nishi, “Anomalous magnetic properties of heavily Tb-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63(10), 104416 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

Zabluda, V. N.

G. T. Petrovskii, I. S. Edelman, T. V. Zarubina, A. V. Malakhovskii, V. N. Zabluda, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Faraday effect and spectral properties of high-concentrated rare earth oxide glasses in visible and near UV region,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130(1), 35–40 (1991).
[Crossref]

Zarubina, T. V.

G. T. Petrovskii, I. S. Edelman, T. V. Zarubina, A. V. Malakhovskii, V. N. Zabluda, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Faraday effect and spectral properties of high-concentrated rare earth oxide glasses in visible and near UV region,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130(1), 35–40 (1991).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X. L.

T. Y. Wang, X. L. Zeng, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, and Z. Y. Chen, “Characteristics of photoluminescence and Raman spectra of InP doped silica fiber,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7791–7793 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhuravlev, K. P.

V. I. Tsaryuk, K. P. Zhuravlev, V. F. Zolin, V. A. Kudryashova, J. Legendziewicz, and R. Szostak, “Luminescence efficiency of aromatic carboxylates of europium and terbium when methylene bridges and nitro groups are present in the ligands,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(1), 51–59 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zolin, V. F.

V. I. Tsaryuk, K. P. Zhuravlev, V. F. Zolin, V. A. Kudryashova, J. Legendziewicz, and R. Szostak, “Luminescence efficiency of aromatic carboxylates of europium and terbium when methylene bridges and nitro groups are present in the ligands,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(1), 51–59 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zu, P.

Zuegel, J. D.

Zvezdin, A. K.

U. V. Valiev, A. K. Zvezdin, G. S. Krinchik, R. Z. Levitin, K. M. Mukimov, and A. I. Popov, “Faraday effect of rare-earth iron garnets in strong magnetic fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 58(1), 181–189 (1983).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. (Berl.) (1)

R. P. Hunt, “Magneto-optic scattering from thin solid films,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 38(4), 1652–1671 (1967).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Harris, D. Ottaway, and P. J. Veitch, “The Verdet constant of Er-doped crystalline YAG and tellurite glass at 1645 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 429–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

T. Y. Wang, X. L. Zeng, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, and Z. Y. Chen, “Characteristics of photoluminescence and Raman spectra of InP doped silica fiber,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(17), 7791–7793 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

V. I. Tsaryuk, K. P. Zhuravlev, V. F. Zolin, V. A. Kudryashova, J. Legendziewicz, and R. Szostak, “Luminescence efficiency of aromatic carboxylates of europium and terbium when methylene bridges and nitro groups are present in the ligands,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 74(1), 51–59 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

L. G. V. Uitert and L. F. Johnson, “Energy transfer between rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 44(9), 3514–3522 (1966).
[Crossref]

H. H. Caspers, H. E. Rast, and J. L. Fry, “Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of EuF3,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(11), 4505–4514 (1967).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. (1)

K. Binnemans and C. Goerller-Walrand, “Magnetic circular dichroism and optical absorption spectra of Eu3+ in Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 92(13), 2487–2493 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mater. Res. (1)

K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, N. Matsuoka, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Large Faraday effect and local structure of alkali silicate glasses containing divalent europium ions,” J. Mater. Res. 13(07), 1989–1995 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

G. T. Petrovskii, I. S. Edelman, T. V. Zarubina, A. V. Malakhovskii, V. N. Zabluda, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Faraday effect and spectral properties of high-concentrated rare earth oxide glasses in visible and near UV region,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130(1), 35–40 (1991).
[Crossref]

D. R. MacFarlane, C. R. Bradbury, P. J. Newman, and J. Javorniczky, “Faraday rotation in rare earth fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213, 199–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Rare Earths (1)

U. V. Valiev, J. B. Gruber, A. K. Mukhammadiev, V. O. Pelenovich, F. U. Dejun, and G. W. Burdick, “Magneto-optics of non-Kramers Eu 3+ ions in garnets: analysis complemented by crystal-field splitting modeling calculations,” J. Rare Earths 31(9), 837–842 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. (2)

J. H. Van Vleck and M. H. Hebb, “On the paramagnetic rotation of tysonite,” Phys. Rev. 46(1), 17–32 (1934).
[Crossref]

S. B. Berger, C. B. Rubinstein, C. R. Kurkjian, and A. W. Treptow, “Faraday rotation of rare-earth (III) phosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. 133(3A), A723–A727 (1964).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

K. Sato, K. Yamaguchi, F. Maruyama, and N. Nishi, “Anomalous magnetic properties of heavily Tb-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63(10), 104416 (2001).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

Y. Huang, L. Chen, Q. Guo, F. F. Pang, J. X. Wen, Y. N. Shang, and T. Y. Wang, “The measurement system of birefringence and Verdet constant of optical fiber,” Proc. SPIE 9046, 904615 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

U. V. Valiev, A. K. Zvezdin, G. S. Krinchik, R. Z. Levitin, K. M. Mukimov, and A. I. Popov, “Faraday effect of rare-earth iron garnets in strong magnetic fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 58(1), 181–189 (1983).

Other (2)

A. Kumar and A. Ghatak, Polarization of Light with Applications in Optical Fibers (SPIE, 2011).

V. Kachkanov, K. P. O’Donnell, C. Rice, D. Wolverson, R.W.Martin, K.Lorenz, E. Alves, M. Bockowski, “Zeeman splittings of the 5D0–7F2 transitions of Eu 3+ ions implanted into GaN,” Mater. Res. Soc. Proc. 1290, (2011).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The EDS spectral line and contents of different elements in the fiber core, (inner) metal spraying on cross-section of the fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Refractive index difference of Eu-doped silica optical fiber, (inner) cross-section of the fiber.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental configuration of Magneto-optical effect measurement system.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Relationship between Faraday rotation and magnetic field density for different silica optical fiber samples at λ = 660 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Energy-level diagram of Eu3+ ions (a) The transitions of splitting energy level of Eu3+ between 4f and 5d with external magnetic field(L is the orbital momentum, S is the spin momentum); (b) Energy-level diagram showing emission transitions between the 5D0 and 7Fn energy states of Eu3+.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Wavelength dependence of the Verdet constant for Eu-doped silica optical fiber, commercial EDF and SMF

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Wavelength dependence of the Verdet constant values for Eu-doped silica optical fiber, commercial EDF and SMF

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε=( ε 1 0 0 0 ε 1 0 0 0 ε 0 )+( 0 ig 0 ig 0 0 0 0 0 )
S 0 = a x 2 + a y 2 S 1 = a x 2 a y 2 S 2 =2 a x a y cosδ S 3 =2 a x a y sinδ
tan2θ= 2 a x a y cosδ ( a x 2 a y 2 )
sin2ψ= 2 a x a y sinδ ( a x 2 + a y 2 )
θ= 1 2 tan 1 ( S 2 S 1 ),0θπ
ψ= 1 2 sin 1 ( S 3 S 0 ), π 4 ψ π 4
θ=VHL r
V= K λ 2 λ 0 2

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