Abstract

A simple and easy to implement technique for femtosecond pulse characterization is proposed and experimentally verified. It is based on the introduction of a known amount of dispersion (by controlling the number of passes through dispersive material) and subsequent recording of the spectral positions of second harmonic peaks obtained in a non-linear crystal. Such dependence allows for direct retrieval of the pulse spectral phase. The presented pulse characterization method is beneficial especially for broadband pulses, where the second harmonic spectrum exceeds the detection bandwidth of a single spectrometer.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (1)

2013 (2)

M. Bradler, C. Homann, and E. Riedle, “Broadband difference frequency mixing between visible and near-infrared pulses for few-cycle pulse generation with stable carrier-envelope phase,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 19–25 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bradler, J. C. Werhahn, D. Hutzler, S. Fuhrmann, R. Heider, E. Riedle, H. Iglev, and R. Kienberger, “A novel setup for femtosecond pump-repump-probe IR spectroscopy with few cycle CEP stable pulses,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20145–20158 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2009 (2)

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-µJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 561–574 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “400W Yb:YAG Innoslab fs-Amplifier,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12230–12245 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

P. Wnuk and C. Radzewicz, “Coherent control and dark pulses in second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 496–502 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

2004 (2)

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 1027–1032 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, “Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 775–777 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

1962 (1)

Alonso, B.

Arnold, C. L.

Baum, P.

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-µJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 561–574 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 1027–1032 (2004).
[Crossref]

Benedetti, E.

Borukhovich, I.

Bradler, M.

M. Bradler, C. Homann, and E. Riedle, “Broadband difference frequency mixing between visible and near-infrared pulses for few-cycle pulse generation with stable carrier-envelope phase,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 19–25 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bradler, J. C. Werhahn, D. Hutzler, S. Fuhrmann, R. Heider, E. Riedle, H. Iglev, and R. Kienberger, “A novel setup for femtosecond pump-repump-probe IR spectroscopy with few cycle CEP stable pulses,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20145–20158 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Homann, M. Bradler, M. Förster, P. Hommelhoff, and E. Riedle, “Carrier-envelope phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses tunable around 1.8 µm at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1673–1675 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-µJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 561–574 (2009).
[Crossref]

Calegari, F.

Cerullo, G.

Chériaux, G.

Chien-hung, T.

Ciesielski, R.

Cirmi, G.

Coello, Y.

Comin, A.

Crespo, H.

Dantus, M.

De Silvestri, S.

Dela Cruz, J. M.

DeLong, K. W.

Donkers, K.

Easter, J. H.

Fordell, T.

Förster, M.

Fuhrmann, S.

Gunaratne, T. C.

Gunn, J. M.

Hartschuh, A.

He, Z.

Heider, R.

Hoffmann, H. D.

Homann, C.

M. Bradler, C. Homann, and E. Riedle, “Broadband difference frequency mixing between visible and near-infrared pulses for few-cycle pulse generation with stable carrier-envelope phase,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 19–25 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Homann, M. Bradler, M. Förster, P. Hommelhoff, and E. Riedle, “Carrier-envelope phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses tunable around 1.8 µm at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1673–1675 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hommelhoff, P.

Hou, B.

Hunter, J.

Hutzler, D.

Iaconis, C.

Iglev, H.

Joffre, M.

Kane, D. J.

Kienberger, R.

Krushelnick, K.

L’Huillier, A.

Lepetit, L.

Lochbrunner, S.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 1027–1032 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lozovoy, V. V.

Malitson, I. H.

Mans, T.

Manzoni, C.

Miranda, M.

Nees, J. A.

Nisoli, M.

Pastirk, I.

Piredda, G.

Poprawe, R.

Radzewicz, C.

P. Wnuk and C. Radzewicz, “Coherent control and dark pulses in second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 496–502 (2007).
[Crossref]

Riedle, E.

M. Bradler, C. Homann, and E. Riedle, “Broadband difference frequency mixing between visible and near-infrared pulses for few-cycle pulse generation with stable carrier-envelope phase,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 19–25 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bradler, J. C. Werhahn, D. Hutzler, S. Fuhrmann, R. Heider, E. Riedle, H. Iglev, and R. Kienberger, “A novel setup for femtosecond pump-repump-probe IR spectroscopy with few cycle CEP stable pulses,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20145–20158 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Homann, M. Bradler, M. Förster, P. Hommelhoff, and E. Riedle, “Carrier-envelope phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses tunable around 1.8 µm at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1673–1675 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-µJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 561–574 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 1027–1032 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rotarius, G.

Russbueldt, P.

Sansone, G.

Silva, F.

Stagira, S.

Svelto, O.

Thomas, A. G. R.

Trebino, R.

Vozzi, C.

Walmsley, I. A.

Weigand, R.

Weinacht, T.

Weitenberg, J.

Werhahn, J. C.

White, W. E.

Wnuk, P.

P. Wnuk and C. Radzewicz, “Coherent control and dark pulses in second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 496–502 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wong, V.

Xu, B.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 1027–1032 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Bradler, C. Homann, and E. Riedle, “Broadband difference frequency mixing between visible and near-infrared pulses for few-cycle pulse generation with stable carrier-envelope phase,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 19–25 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-µJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 561–574 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Wnuk and C. Radzewicz, “Coherent control and dark pulses in second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 496–502 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (1)

S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J. -F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for CPA lasers,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2009 Conference Digest, (OSA, 2009), paper CF_P17.
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulation results of the phase retrieval from SH peak positions: a) black line and red line – fundamental and SH spectrum, corresponding to 3 passes through sapphire plate (normalized to 1). Grey and orange – the same spectra but calculated with 20% amplitude noise. b) set of positions of SH peaks for different amount of material (red dots) together with the fitted values (red line).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup; L1,L2 – focusing lenses, BBO – nonlinear crystal, CF – short pass glass color filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a) Spectrum of the mid-IR pulses and b) second harmonic spectra for different amounts of dispersive material. Solid and dash-dotted lines represent the spectra measured with silicon and InGaAs spectrometers, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Position of the SH peaks for different amount of the dispersive material. Longer wavelength points were measured with an InGaAs spectrometer and the ones for shorter wavelengths with a Si based spectrometer. The red line is a fit (GDD and TOD) to the experimental points.

Equations (2)

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I SH (2ω)=C | + | E(ωΩ) || E(ω+Ω) |exp[ i(ϕ(ωΩ)+ϕ(ω+Ω)) ] dΩ | 2
I SH (2ω)= | + | E(ωΩ) || E(ω+Ω) |exp[ i 2 ϕ(ω) ω 2 Ω 2 ] dΩ | 2

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