Abstract

We propose a banded all-optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (AO-OFDM) transmission system based on synthesising a number of truncated sinc-shaped subcarriers for each sub-band. This approach enables sub-band by sub-band reception and therefore each receiver’s electrical bandwidth can be significantly reduced compared with a conventional AO-OFDM system. As a proof-of-concept experiment, we synthesise 6 × 10-Gbaud subcarriers in both conventional and banded AO-OFDM systems. With a limited receiver electrical bandwidth, the experimental banded AO-OFDM system shows 2-dB optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) benefit over conventional AO-OFDM at the 7%-overhead forward error correction (FEC) threshold. After transmission over 800-km of single-mode fiber, ≈3-dB improvement in Q-factor can be achieved at the optimal launch power at a cost of increasing the spectral width by 14%.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (2)

2012 (2)

2011 (8)

Y. Huang, E. Ip, Z. Wang, M.-F. Huang, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “Transmission of spectral efficient super-channels using all-optical OFDM and digital coherent receiver technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(24), 3838–3844 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “On the performance of Nyquist WDM terabit super-channels based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM subcarriers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, X. Gu, F. Yin, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “5×200 Gbit/s all-optical OFDM transmission using a single optical source and optical Fourier transform real-time detection,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21199–21204 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, K. S. Kravtsov, Y. K. Huang, and P. R. Prucnal, “Optical FFT/IFFT circuit realization using arrayed waveguide gratings and the applications in all-optical OFDM system,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4501–4512 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Lowery and L. Du, “All-optical OFDM transmitter design using AWGRs and low-bandwidth modulators,” Opt. Express 19(17), 15696–15704 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM with self-tuning receiver,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2181–2186 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Pulikkaseril, L. A. Stewart, M. A. F. Roelens, G. W. Baxter, S. Poole, and S. Frisken, “Spectral modeling of channel band shapes in wavelength selective switches,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8458–8470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

2006 (1)

1995 (1)

S. D. Sandberg and M. A. Tzannes, “Overlapped discrete multitoned modulation for high speed copper wire communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 13(9), 1571–1585 (1995).
[Crossref]

Armstrong, J.

Bao, H.

Baxter, G. W.

Becker, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ben Ezra, S.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bonk, R.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bosco, G.

Buhl, L.

Cabot, S.

Cappuzzo, M.

Carena, A.

Carpenter, J.

J. Schroeder, L. B. Du, J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “All-optical OFDM with cyclic prefix insertion using flexible wavelength selective switch optical processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 752–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Flexible all-optical OFDM using WSSs, ” Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper PDP5B.9.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chen, H.

Chen, M.

Chen, Y. F.

Curri, V.

Dreschmann, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Du, L.

Du, L. B.

A. J. Lowery, J. Schröder, and L. B. Du, “Flexible all-optical frequency allocation of OFDM subcarriers,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1045–1057 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Schroeder, L. B. Du, J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “All-optical OFDM with cyclic prefix insertion using flexible wavelength selective switch optical processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 752–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM with self-tuning receiver,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2181–2186 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Flexible all-optical OFDM using WSSs, ” Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper PDP5B.9.

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, M. M. Morshed, B. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Optical inverse Fourier transform generated 11.2-Tbit/s no-guard-interval all-optical OFDM transmission,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper OW3B.5.
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B.

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, M. M. Morshed, B. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Optical inverse Fourier transform generated 11.2-Tbit/s no-guard-interval all-optical OFDM transmission,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper OW3B.5.
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

J. Schroeder, L. B. Du, J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “All-optical OFDM with cyclic prefix insertion using flexible wavelength selective switch optical processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 752–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Flexible all-optical OFDM using WSSs, ” Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper PDP5B.9.

Ellermeyer, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Forghieri, F.

Freude, W.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Frey, F.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Frisken, S.

Gomez, L. T.

Gu, X.

Hillerkuss, D.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoh, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, M.-F.

Huang, Y.

Huang, Y. K.

Huber, G.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huebner, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ip, E.

Ishihara, K.

Jansen, S. L.

Jaques, J.

Ji, P. N.

Jordan, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jung, H.

Kang, I.

Kleinow, P.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

Koenig, S.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kravtsov, K. S.

Kudo, R.

Lee, K.

Leuthold, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Lowery, A.

Lowery, A. J.

Ludwig, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lutz, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Magill, P.

Marculescu, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Masuda, H.

Meyer, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

Moeller, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Morita, I.

Morshed, M. M.

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, M. M. Morshed, B. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Optical inverse Fourier transform generated 11.2-Tbit/s no-guard-interval all-optical OFDM transmission,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper OW3B.5.
[Crossref]

Narkiss, N.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nazarathy, M.

M. Nazarathy and A. Tolmachev, “Digitally sub-banded coherent optical OFDM transmission,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (2014), paper Tu3G.1.
[Crossref]

Nebendahl, B.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oehler, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Parmigiani, F.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Poggiolini, P.

Poole, S.

Prucnal, P. R.

Pulikkaseril, C.

Qian, D.

Rasras, M.

Resan, B.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rhee, J. K.

Roeger, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Roelens, M. A. F.

Sandberg, S. D.

S. D. Sandberg and M. A. Tzannes, “Overlapped discrete multitoned modulation for high speed copper wire communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 13(9), 1571–1585 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sano, A.

Savory, S. J.

Schellinger, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schenk, T. C. W.

Schmogrow, R.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schröder, J.

Schroeder, J.

J. Schroeder, L. B. Du, J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “All-optical OFDM with cyclic prefix insertion using flexible wavelength selective switch optical processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 752–759 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Flexible all-optical OFDM using WSSs, ” Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper PDP5B.9.

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, M. M. Morshed, B. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Optical inverse Fourier transform generated 11.2-Tbit/s no-guard-interval all-optical OFDM transmission,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper OW3B.5.
[Crossref]

Shao, Y.

Shieh, W.

Stewart, L. A.

Takatori, Y.

Tanaka, H.

Tang, Y.

Thai, C. T. D.

Tolmachev, A.

M. Nazarathy and A. Tolmachev, “Digitally sub-banded coherent optical OFDM transmission,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (2014), paper Tu3G.1.
[Crossref]

Tzannes, M. A.

S. D. Sandberg and M. A. Tzannes, “Overlapped discrete multitoned modulation for high speed copper wire communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 13(9), 1571–1585 (1995).
[Crossref]

Vallaitis, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

Wang, Z.

Weingarten, K.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Winter, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xie, S.

Yamada, E.

Yamazaki, E.

Yang, Q.

Yin, F.

Yoshida, E.

Yu, J.

Zhou, X.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

S. D. Sandberg and M. A. Tzannes, “Overlapped discrete multitoned modulation for high speed copper wire communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 13(9), 1571–1585 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 364–371 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (14)

A. J. Lowery, “Design of Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Routers for use as optical OFDM demultiplexers,” Opt. Express 18(13), 14129–14143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Savory, “Digital filters for coherent optical receivers,” Opt. Express 16(2), 804–817 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Shieh, Q. Yang, and Y. Ma, “107 Gb/s coherent optical OFDM transmission over 1000-km SSMF fiber using orthogonal band multiplexing,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6378–6386 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Shieh, H. Bao, and Y. Tang, “Coherent optical OFDM: theory and design,” Opt. Express 16(2), 841–859 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems,” Opt. Express 14(6), 2079–2084 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, and P. Magill, “400Gb/s (4 x 100Gb/s) orthogonal PDM-RZ-QPSK DWDM signal transmission over 1040km SMF-28,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17928–17933 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Kang, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, H. Jung, M. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, Y. F. Chen, L. Buhl, S. Cabot, and J. Jaques, “Energy-efficient 0.26-Tb/s coherent-optical OFDM transmission using photonic-integrated all-optical discrete Fourier transform,” Opt. Express 20(2), 896–904 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, X. Gu, F. Yin, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “5×200 Gbit/s all-optical OFDM transmission using a single optical source and optical Fourier transform real-time detection,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21199–21204 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Lee, C. T. D. Thai, and J. K. Rhee, “All optical discrete Fourier transform processor for 100 Gbps OFDM transmission,” Opt. Express 16(6), 4023–4028 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, K. S. Kravtsov, Y. K. Huang, and P. R. Prucnal, “Optical FFT/IFFT circuit realization using arrayed waveguide gratings and the applications in all-optical OFDM system,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4501–4512 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Lowery and L. Du, “All-optical OFDM transmitter design using AWGRs and low-bandwidth modulators,” Opt. Express 19(17), 15696–15704 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. B. Du and A. J. Lowery, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM with self-tuning receiver,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2181–2186 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Pulikkaseril, L. A. Stewart, M. A. F. Roelens, G. W. Baxter, S. Poole, and S. Frisken, “Spectral modeling of channel band shapes in wavelength selective switches,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8458–8470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Lowery, J. Schröder, and L. B. Du, “Flexible all-optical frequency allocation of OFDM subcarriers,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1045–1057 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

M. Nazarathy and A. Tolmachev, “Digitally sub-banded coherent optical OFDM transmission,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (2014), paper Tu3G.1.
[Crossref]

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Flexible all-optical OFDM using WSSs, ” Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper PDP5B.9.

L. B. Du, J. Schroeder, M. M. Morshed, B. Eggleton, and A. J. Lowery, “Optical inverse Fourier transform generated 11.2-Tbit/s no-guard-interval all-optical OFDM transmission,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC, Anaheim) (2013), paper OW3B.5.
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual diagram of transmitter structure for: (a) conventional and (b) banded AO-OFDM systems. The generated super-channels are illustrated at the right.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation set-up for AO-OFDM of 5 subcarriers. An optical band pass filters (OBF) is used as a truncation window by setting a rectangular shape filter with different bandwidth. The “Set OSNR” block is used to load noise to 19-dB or 39-dB OSNR levels or is removed for back to back transmission. Inset: super-channel spectrum at back to back scenario (only 160-GHz of range is shown for clarity).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a)(b) Eye diagrams for center subcarrier when using 60-GHz and 320-GHz truncation window without noise loading. (c) LMS based equalizer response when receiving 1st (red dotted line), 3rd (blue solid line) and 5th (green dashed line) subcarriers using 60-GHz truncation window at 39-dB OSNR. (d) The 3rd subcarrier Q-factor versus truncation window bandwidth for 5 subcarriers AO-OFDM system in 19-dB OSNR, 39-dB OSNR and back to back situations.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Super-channel spectrum for conventional AO-OFDM in simulation. (b) Super-channel spectrum for B-AO-OFDM in simulation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The center subcarrier Q-factor versus the receiver electrical bandwidth in both B-AO-OFDM and conventional AO-OFDM system. (b) Q-factors of all subcarrier in both B-AO-OFDM and conventional AO-OFDM for a 30-GHz electrical bandwidth receiver.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental set up. MLL: mode-locked-laser, WSS: wavelength selective switch, AWG: arbitrary wave generator, IQ Mod: complex Mach-Zehnder modulator, PM: polarization maintained, EDFA: Erbium-doped fiber amplifier, P.C: polarization controller, PBC: polarization beam splitter, PBS: polarization beam combiner, S-SMF: standard single mode fiber, LO: local oscillator.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Measured sinc function response output with pre-emphasis (green solid line); Measured sinc function response output without pre-emphasis (red dotted line); ideal sinc function response with 20-GHz main lobe (Blue dashed line), (b) (c) (d) Transfer functions for subcarriers 1, 2 &3 within one sub-band in B-AO-OFDM system. All frequency responses were measured with a resolution of 200 MHz.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Measured spectrum for 6 subcarriers conventional AO-OFDM. The spectrum has 56.8-GHz 3-dB bandwidth (b) Measured spectrum for proposed B-AO-OFDM with 2 sub-bands. Each sub-band has 3 subcarriers. Sub-band 1 and 2 have 30.2-GHz and 27.2-GHz 3-dB bandwidths respectively. All spectra were measured with a resolution of 200 MHz.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Experimental and (b) simulated system Q-factor evaluated at different OSNRs for single carrier system, banded AO-OFDM (B-AO-OFDM), conventional AO-OFDM (C-AO-OFDM) with 16-GHz and 33-GHz 3-dB receiver electrical bandwidths.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Launch power sweep for B-AO-OFDM and C-AO-OFDM at 16-GHz and 33-GHz receiver electrical bandwidths in 800-km fiber transmission experiment. (b) Measured Q-factor for all subcarriers in the three systems with 4-dBm launch power. The received symbols constellation for B-AO-OFDM and C-AO-OFDM at 16-GHz receiver electrical bandwidth are shown at the right.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

W pass =( L b +1)× f R
H k (f)= j= N sc /( 2×M ) N sc /( 2×M ) i k sinc( f f 0 k jM f R f R )
H k (f)= b= N 2M N 2M i k sinc( f f 0 k b(M+1) f R f R )×rect(f f b ) f b = f 0 M+1 2 b(M+1) f R rect(f)={ 1,(| f | (M+1) f R 2 ) 0,(| f |> (M+1) f R 2 )
ConventionalAOOFDM:SE= 2× N sc N sc +1 × log 2 ( O mod ) (bit/s/Hz). BAOOFDM:SE= 2× N sc N sc + N band × log 2 ( O mod ) (bit/s/Hz).

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