Abstract

Fresnel zone plates show a great potential in achieving high spatial resolution imaging or focusing for XUV and soft/hard X-ray radiation, however they are usually strictly monochromatic due to strong chromatic dispersion and thus do not support broad radiation spectra, preventing their application to attosecond XUV pulses. Here we report on the design and theoretical simulations based on the design of an achromatic hybrid optics combining both, a refractive and diffractive lens in one optical element. We are able to show by calculation that the chromatic dispersion along the optical axis can be greatly reduced compared to a standard Fresnel zone plate while preserving the temporal structure of the attosecond XUV pulses at focus.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (1)

H. Motoyama, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, Y. Takei, T. Kume, S. Egawa, K. Hiraguri, H. Hashizume, K. Yamanouchi, and H. Mimura, “Development of high-order harmonic focusing system based on ellipsoidal mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(5), 051803 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (3)

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Vampa, C. R. McDonald, G. Orlando, D. D. Klug, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Theoretical analysis of high-harmonic generation in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 073901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

L. Poletto, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, S. Anumula, A. Trabattoni, and M. Nisoli, “Micro-focusing of attosecond pulses by grazing-incidence toroidal mirrors,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13040–13051 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Antonov, Y. V. Radeonychev, and O. Kocharovskaya, “Formation of a single attosecond pulse via interaction of resonant radiation with a strongly perturbed atomic transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(21), 213903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

V. A. Polovinkin, Y. V. Radeonychev, and O. Kocharovskaya, “Few-cycle attosecond pulses via periodic resonance interaction with hydrogenlike atoms,” Opt. Lett. 36(12), 2296–2298 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

A. Sakdinawat and D. Attwood, “Nanoscale X-ray imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 840–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

K. Jefimovs, J. Vila-Comamala, T. Pilvi, J. Raabe, M. Ritala, and C. David, “Zone-doubling technique to produce ultrahigh-resolution x-ray optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 264801 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Hau-Riege and H. N. Chapman, “Reflection of attosecond x-ray free electron laser pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(1), 013104 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, E. H. Anderson, and D. T. Attwood, “Soft X-ray microscopy at a spatial resolution better than 15 nm,” Nature 435(7046), 1210–1213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wieland, Ch. Spielmann, U. Kleineberg, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Heinzmann, and T. Wilhein, “Toward time-resolved soft X-ray microscopy using pulsed fs-high-harmonic radiation,” Ultramicroscopy 102(2), 93–100 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 432(7017), 605–608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

R. Ashman and M. Gu, “Effect of ultrashort pulsed illumination on foci caused by a Fresnel zone plate,” Appl. Opt. 42(10), 1852–1855 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, W. Yun, and C. Jacobsen, “Achromatic Fresnel optics for wideband extreme-ultraviolet and X-ray imaging,” Nature 424(6944), 50–53 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291(5510), 1923–1927 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, M. Gentili, S. Cabrini, B. Kaulich, J. Susini, and R. Barrett, “High-efficiency multilevel zone plates for keV X-rays,” Nature 401(6756), 895–898 (1999).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-Ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

Akil, A.

Anderson, E. H.

W. Chao, J. Kim, S. Rekawa, P. Fischer, and E. H. Anderson, “Demonstration of 12 nm Resolution Fresnel Zone Plate Lens based Soft X-ray Microscopy,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17669–17677 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, E. H. Anderson, and D. T. Attwood, “Soft X-ray microscopy at a spatial resolution better than 15 nm,” Nature 435(7046), 1210–1213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, P.

P. Anderson, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Isolated attosecond pulses by self-compression in short gas-filled fibers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/IQEC), 2013 Conference on and International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2013), 1.
[Crossref]

Antonov, V. A.

V. A. Antonov, Y. V. Radeonychev, and O. Kocharovskaya, “Formation of a single attosecond pulse via interaction of resonant radiation with a strongly perturbed atomic transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(21), 213903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anumula, S.

Aquila, A.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

Arnold, M.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ashman, R.

Attwood, D.

A. Sakdinawat and D. Attwood, “Nanoscale X-ray imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 840–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

Attwood, D. T.

W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, E. H. Anderson, and D. T. Attwood, “Soft X-ray microscopy at a spatial resolution better than 15 nm,” Nature 435(7046), 1210–1213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrett, R.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, M. Gentili, S. Cabrini, B. Kaulich, J. Susini, and R. Barrett, “High-efficiency multilevel zone plates for keV X-rays,” Nature 401(6756), 895–898 (1999).
[Crossref]

Berrah, N.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bigourd, D.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Böhm, P.

Bostedt, C.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozek, J. D.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

G. Vampa, C. R. McDonald, G. Orlando, D. D. Klug, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Theoretical analysis of high-harmonic generation in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 073901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brocklesby, W. S.

P. Anderson, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Isolated attosecond pulses by self-compression in short gas-filled fibers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/IQEC), 2013 Conference on and International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2013), 1.
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
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Bunk, O.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
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Burgy, F.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cabrini, S.

E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, M. Gentili, S. Cabrini, B. Kaulich, J. Susini, and R. Barrett, “High-efficiency multilevel zone plates for keV X-rays,” Nature 401(6756), 895–898 (1999).
[Crossref]

Calegari, F.

Cammarata, M.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
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Chao, W.

W. Chao, J. Kim, S. Rekawa, P. Fischer, and E. H. Anderson, “Demonstration of 12 nm Resolution Fresnel Zone Plate Lens based Soft X-ray Microscopy,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17669–17677 (2009).
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W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, E. H. Anderson, and D. T. Attwood, “Soft X-ray microscopy at a spatial resolution better than 15 nm,” Nature 435(7046), 1210–1213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chapman, H. N.

S. P. Hau-Riege and H. N. Chapman, “Reflection of attosecond x-ray free electron laser pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(1), 013104 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Constant, E.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
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Corkum, P. B.

G. Vampa, C. R. McDonald, G. Orlando, D. D. Klug, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Theoretical analysis of high-harmonic generation in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 073901 (2014).
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M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291(5510), 1923–1927 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cormier, E.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cryan, J. P.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

David, C.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
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K. Jefimovs, J. Vila-Comamala, T. Pilvi, J. Raabe, M. Ritala, and C. David, “Zone-doubling technique to produce ultrahigh-resolution x-ray optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 264801 (2007).
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Davis, J. C.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-Ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Delagnes, J.-C.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Descamps, D.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Di Fabrizio, E.

E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, M. Gentili, S. Cabrini, B. Kaulich, J. Susini, and R. Barrett, “High-efficiency multilevel zone plates for keV X-rays,” Nature 401(6756), 895–898 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dimauro, L. F.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doumy, G.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291(5510), 1923–1927 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Driever, S.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Egawa, S.

H. Motoyama, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, Y. Takei, T. Kume, S. Egawa, K. Hiraguri, H. Hashizume, K. Yamanouchi, and H. Mimura, “Development of high-order harmonic focusing system based on ellipsoidal mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(5), 051803 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, L.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Färm, E.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedorov, N.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fischer, P.

Frassetto, F.

Frey, J. G.

P. Anderson, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Isolated attosecond pulses by self-compression in short gas-filled fibers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/IQEC), 2013 Conference on and International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2013), 1.
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Fritz, D. M.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gagnon, J.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gentili, M.

E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, M. Gentili, S. Cabrini, B. Kaulich, J. Susini, and R. Barrett, “High-efficiency multilevel zone plates for keV X-rays,” Nature 401(6756), 895–898 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ghimire, S.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glownia, J. M.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorelick, S.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grünert, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, M.

Guggenmos, A.

A. Guggenmos, M. Jobst, M. Ossiander, S. Radünz, J. Riemensberger, M. Schäffer, A. Akil, C. Jakubeit, P. Böhm, S. Noever, B. Nickel, R. Kienberger, and U. Kleineberg, “Chromium/scandium multilayer mirrors for isolated attosecond pulses at 145 eV,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2846–2849 (2015).
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M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guichard, R.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gullikson, E.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gullikson, E. M.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-Ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Guzenko, V. A.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harteneck, B. D.

W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, E. H. Anderson, and D. T. Attwood, “Soft X-ray microscopy at a spatial resolution better than 15 nm,” Nature 435(7046), 1210–1213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hashizume, H.

H. Motoyama, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, Y. Takei, T. Kume, S. Egawa, K. Hiraguri, H. Hashizume, K. Yamanouchi, and H. Mimura, “Development of high-order harmonic focusing system based on ellipsoidal mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(5), 051803 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hau-Riege, S. P.

S. P. Hau-Riege and H. N. Chapman, “Reflection of attosecond x-ray free electron laser pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(1), 013104 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Wieland, Ch. Spielmann, U. Kleineberg, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Heinzmann, and T. Wilhein, “Toward time-resolved soft X-ray microscopy using pulsed fs-high-harmonic radiation,” Ultramicroscopy 102(2), 93–100 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-Ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291(5510), 1923–1927 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hiraguri, K.

H. Motoyama, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, Y. Takei, T. Kume, S. Egawa, K. Hiraguri, H. Hashizume, K. Yamanouchi, and H. Mimura, “Development of high-order harmonic focusing system based on ellipsoidal mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(5), 051803 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoener, M.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santra, R.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sato, T.

H. Motoyama, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, Y. Takei, T. Kume, S. Egawa, K. Hiraguri, H. Hashizume, K. Yamanouchi, and H. Mimura, “Development of high-order harmonic focusing system based on ellipsoidal mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(5), 051803 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schäffer, M.

Schultze, M.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sekikawa, T.

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 432(7017), 605–608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sinn, H.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Southworth, S. H.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291(5510), 1923–1927 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Wieland, Ch. Spielmann, U. Kleineberg, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Heinzmann, and T. Wilhein, “Toward time-resolved soft X-ray microscopy using pulsed fs-high-harmonic radiation,” Ultramicroscopy 102(2), 93–100 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Susini, J.

E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, M. Gentili, S. Cabrini, B. Kaulich, J. Susini, and R. Barrett, “High-efficiency multilevel zone plates for keV X-rays,” Nature 401(6756), 895–898 (1999).
[Crossref]

Takei, Y.

H. Motoyama, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, Y. Takei, T. Kume, S. Egawa, K. Hiraguri, H. Hashizume, K. Yamanouchi, and H. Mimura, “Development of high-order harmonic focusing system based on ellipsoidal mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(5), 051803 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291(5510), 1923–1927 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trabattoni, A.

Uiberacker, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vampa, G.

G. Vampa, C. R. McDonald, G. Orlando, D. D. Klug, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Theoretical analysis of high-harmonic generation in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 073901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vila-Comamala, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Jefimovs, J. Vila-Comamala, T. Pilvi, J. Raabe, M. Ritala, and C. David, “Zone-doubling technique to produce ultrahigh-resolution x-ray optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 264801 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, W. Yun, and C. Jacobsen, “Achromatic Fresnel optics for wideband extreme-ultraviolet and X-ray imaging,” Nature 424(6944), 50–53 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, S.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 432(7017), 605–608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Westerwalbesloh, T.

M. Wieland, Ch. Spielmann, U. Kleineberg, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Heinzmann, and T. Wilhein, “Toward time-resolved soft X-ray microscopy using pulsed fs-high-harmonic radiation,” Ultramicroscopy 102(2), 93–100 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wieland, M.

M. Wieland, Ch. Spielmann, U. Kleineberg, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Heinzmann, and T. Wilhein, “Toward time-resolved soft X-ray microscopy using pulsed fs-high-harmonic radiation,” Ultramicroscopy 102(2), 93–100 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilhein, T.

M. Wieland, Ch. Spielmann, U. Kleineberg, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Heinzmann, and T. Wilhein, “Toward time-resolved soft X-ray microscopy using pulsed fs-high-harmonic radiation,” Ultramicroscopy 102(2), 93–100 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamanouchi, K.

H. Motoyama, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, Y. Takei, T. Kume, S. Egawa, K. Hiraguri, H. Hashizume, K. Yamanouchi, and H. Mimura, “Development of high-order harmonic focusing system based on ellipsoidal mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(5), 051803 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

Young, L.

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yun, W.

Y. Wang, W. Yun, and C. Jacobsen, “Achromatic Fresnel optics for wideband extreme-ultraviolet and X-ray imaging,” Nature 424(6944), 50–53 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zaïr, A.

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-Ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

S. Driever, K. B. Holzner, J.-C. Delagnes, N. Fedorov, M. Arnold, D. Bigourd, F. Burgy, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, R. Guichard, E. Constant, and A. Zaïr, “Near infrared few-cycle pulses for high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47(20), 204013 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Sakdinawat and D. Attwood, “Nanoscale X-ray imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 840–848 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (8)

L. Young, E. P. Kanter, B. Krässig, Y. Li, A. M. March, S. T. Pratt, R. Santra, S. H. Southworth, N. Rohringer, L. F. Dimauro, G. Doumy, C. A. Roedig, N. Berrah, L. Fang, M. Hoener, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. P. Cryan, S. Ghimire, J. M. Glownia, D. A. Reis, J. D. Bozek, C. Bostedt, and M. Messerschmidt, “Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays,” Nature 466(7302), 56–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 432(7017), 605–608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, E. H. Anderson, and D. T. Attwood, “Soft X-ray microscopy at a spatial resolution better than 15 nm,” Nature 435(7046), 1210–1213 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, M. Gentili, S. Cabrini, B. Kaulich, J. Susini, and R. Barrett, “High-efficiency multilevel zone plates for keV X-rays,” Nature 401(6756), 895–898 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Yun, and C. Jacobsen, “Achromatic Fresnel optics for wideband extreme-ultraviolet and X-ray imaging,” Nature 424(6944), 50–53 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063038 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

V. A. Antonov, Y. V. Radeonychev, and O. Kocharovskaya, “Formation of a single attosecond pulse via interaction of resonant radiation with a strongly perturbed atomic transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(21), 213903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Jefimovs, J. Vila-Comamala, T. Pilvi, J. Raabe, M. Ritala, and C. David, “Zone-doubling technique to produce ultrahigh-resolution x-ray optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 264801 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vampa, C. R. McDonald, G. Orlando, D. D. Klug, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Theoretical analysis of high-harmonic generation in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(7), 073901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

S. P. Hau-Riege and H. N. Chapman, “Reflection of attosecond x-ray free electron laser pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(1), 013104 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Motoyama, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, Y. Takei, T. Kume, S. Egawa, K. Hiraguri, H. Hashizume, K. Yamanouchi, and H. Mimura, “Development of high-order harmonic focusing system based on ellipsoidal mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(5), 051803 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (3)

R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, Ch. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light,” Science 297(5584), 1144–1148 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291(5510), 1923–1927 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305(5688), 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ultramicroscopy (1)

M. Wieland, Ch. Spielmann, U. Kleineberg, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Heinzmann, and T. Wilhein, “Toward time-resolved soft X-ray microscopy using pulsed fs-high-harmonic radiation,” Ultramicroscopy 102(2), 93–100 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

P. Anderson, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Isolated attosecond pulses by self-compression in short gas-filled fibers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/IQEC), 2013 Conference on and International Quantum Electronics Conference (IEEE, 2013), 1.
[Crossref]

D. Attwood, Soft X-Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation: Principles and Applications (Cambridge University Press, 1999).

S. Watanabe, “Attosecond pulse characterization by XUV nonlinear optics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CFF3.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 A sketch of the achromatic diffractive-refractive hybrid XUV optics. (a) Ideal zone plate with totally transparent zone rings and totally opaque zone rings. (b)The principle of fabrication of micro-lens. (c) Achromatic optical device combined with multilevel zone plate. (d) Achromatic optical device combined with phase-reverse zone plate.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The atomic scattering factor of Si are plotted against wavelength, three color lines represent f1, f2, and dispersion defined by D, respectively. (Data from the Center for X-Ray Optics [30]).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Electric field of an attosecond pulse with a duration of 120 as is plotted against time. (b) Electric field of an attosecond pulse with a duration of 500 as is plotted against time. (c) The corresponding spectrum of the pulse in Fig. 3(a). (d) The corresponding spectrum of the pulse in Fig. 3(b).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The time-averaged intensity distribution along the optical axis of FZP, MZP with lens, and RZP with lens, respectively (a) in the case of illumination of 120 as XUV pulse, (b) in the case of illumination of 500 XUV pulse.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The time-averaged intensity distribution off-axis of FZP, MZP with lens, and RZP with lens, respectively, (a) in the case of illumination of 120 as XUV pulse, (b) in the case of illumination of 500 as XUV pulse.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The temporal intensity distribution at focus of FZP, MZP with lens, and RZP with lens, respectively, (a) in the case of illumination of 120 as XUV pulse, (b) in the case of illumination of 500 as XUV pulse.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Temporal intensity distribution of the focused XUV pulse at focus, using the pulse with a duration of 120 as, (a) with 50 zone rings, (b) with 100 zone rings, (c) with 120 zone rings, (d) with 130 zone rings.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f= 4N (Δr) 2 λ .
f R = R C n1 .
n=1δ+iβ=1α λ 2 f 1 +iα λ 2 f 2 =1 n a r e 2π λ 2 ( f 1 i f 2 ).
f R = R C δ = R C α λ 2 f 1 .
1 f = 1 f z + 1 f R = λ 4N (Δr) 2 α λ 2 f 1 R C .
f R f z =(2+D).
R C (2+D)α λ 2 f 1 f z =(2+D)δ f z .
E(r,θ,w)= 1 2π 0 E(r,t) e iωt dt .
I out (x,y,z)= 0 | 1 iλ j=1 J R j R j+1/2 0 2π η e iϕ E(r,θ,ω) e i(2π/λ)R R drdθ | 2 dω.
R= z 2 + (rcosθx) 2 + (rsinθy) 2 .
I out (x,y,z,t)= | 0 e iωt 1 iλ j=1 J R j R j+1/2 0 2π η e iϕ E(r,θ,ω) e i(2π/λ)R R drdθ dω | 2

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