Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate a high-damage-resistant tungsten disulfide saturable absorber mirror (WS2-SAM) fabricated by magnetron sputtering technique. The WS2-SAM has an all-fiber-integrated configuration and high-damage-resistant merit because the WS2 layer is protected by gold film so as to avoid being oxidized and destroyed at high pump power. Employing the WS2-SAM in an Erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) with linear cavity, the stable Q-switching operation is achieved at central wavelength of 1560 nm, with the repetition rates ranging from 29.5 kHz to 367.8 kHz and the pulse duration ranging from 1.269 μs to 154.9 ns. For the condition of the maximum pump power of 600 mW, the WS2-SAM still works stably with an output power of 25.2 mW, pulse energy of 68.5 nJ, and signal-noise-ratio of 42 dB. The proposed WS2-SAM configuration provides a promising solution for advanced pulsed fiber lasers with the characteristics of high damage resistance, high output energy, and wide tunable frequency.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (8)

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “70-fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with topological insulator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 19997 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, P. G. Yan, K. Xu, J. J. Liu, S. G. Wang, and Y. Li, “Dual-wavelength soliton mode-locked fiber laser with a WS2-based fiber taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 323–326 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, I. L. Li, S. C. Ruan, T. Guo, and P. G. Yan, “Fiber-integrated tungsten disulfide saturable absorber (mirror) for pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, H. Mu, S. Xiao, R. Wang, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Zhu, K. Lu, H. Zhang, S. T. Lee, Q. Bao, and W. Ma, “Pulsed lasers employing solution-processed plasmonic Cu3-xP colloidal nanocrystals,” Adv. Mater. 28(18), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. P. Sun, A. Martinez, and F. Wang, “Optical modulators with 2D layered materials,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 227–238 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Ahmad, N. E. Ruslan, M. A. Ismail, S. A. Reduan, C. S. Lee, S. Sathiyan, S. Sivabalan, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser at C-band region based on WS2 saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 55(5), 1001–1005 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Liu, L. H. Pang, H. N. Han, Z. W. Shen, M. Lei, H. Teng, and Z. Y. Wei, “Dark solitons in WS2 erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 4(3), 111–114 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (20)

S. H. Kassani, R. Khazaeinezhad, H. Jeong, T. Nazari, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “All-fiber Er-doped Q-Switched laser based on Tungsten Disulfide saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(2), 373 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, and J. Hou, “Versatile long cavity widely tunable pulsed Yb-doped fiber laser with up to 27655th harmonic mode locking order,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1308–1318 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, H. Chen, S. C. Ruan, C. Y. Guo, S. F. Chen, I. L. Li, H. P. Yang, J. G. Hu, and G. Z. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “463-MHz fundamental mode-locked fiber laser based on few-layer MoS(2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1374–1377 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Z. Wang, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Cheng, D. Fox, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, W. J. Blau, and J. Wang, “Tunable nonlinear refractive index of two-dimensional MoS2, WS2, and MoSe2 nanosheet dispersions,” Photon. Res. 3(2), A51–A55 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. P. Luo, M. Liu, X. D. Wang, Q. Y. Ning, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Few-layer MoS2-deposited microfiber as highly nonlinear photonic device for pulse shaping in a fiber laser,” Photon. Res. 3(2), A69–A78 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11453–11461 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, S. Jiang, Y. Wang, X. Wang, L. Duan, D. Mao, Z. Li, B. Man, and J. Si, “WS(2)/fluorine mica (FM) saturable absorbers for all-normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28698–28706 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Lv, J. A. Robinson, R. E. Schaak, D. Sun, Y. Sun, T. E. Mallouk, and M. Terrones, “Transition Metal Dichalcogenides and Beyond: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Single- and Few-Layer Nanosheets,” Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 56–64 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhang, G. Hu, G. Hu, R. C. Howe, L. Chen, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “Yb- and Er-doped fiber laser Q-switched with an optically uniform, broadband WS2 saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17482 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, K. Y. Li, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. Z. Wang, J. F. Ding, X. J. Zhang, and T. Guo, “Q-switched fiber laser using a fiber-tip-integrated TI saturable absorption mirror,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1500506 (2015).

L. N. Duan, Y. G. Wang, C. W. Xu, L. Li, and Y. S. Wang, “Passively Harmonic Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With a High Signal-to-Noise Ratio via Evanescent-Light Deposition of Bismuth,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 1500807 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Corrigendum: Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12193 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Han, X. Yao, and Z. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Khazaeinezhad, T. Nazari, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Passive Q-Switching of an All-Fiber Laser Using WS2 Deposited Optical Fiber Taper,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Liu and Y. Cui, “Flexible pulse-controlled fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9399 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, H. Xia, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (9)

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “All fiber actively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped laser with large range temporal tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1786–1789 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “High order harmonic mode locking in an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser with a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 24(1), 015001 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “Soliton Rains In A Graphene-Oxide Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser With All-Normal Dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025102 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso and Z. P. Sun, “Solution processing of graphene, topological insulators and other 2d crystals for ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 63 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-um Fiber Lasers Q-Switched by a Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. Kelleher, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

2012 (2)

L. Wei, D.-P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W.-K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene Photonics, Plasmonics, and Broadband Optoelectronic Devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Short linear-cavity Q-switched fiber laser with a compact short carbon nanotube based saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(2), 105–107 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023811 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. Zhang, T. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2.,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range Tunable Nanotube Q-Switched Low Threshold Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(24), 1853–1855 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053819 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, H.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Z. Liu, H. Mu, S. Xiao, R. Wang, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Zhu, K. Lu, H. Zhang, S. T. Lee, Q. Bao, and W. Ma, “Pulsed lasers employing solution-processed plasmonic Cu3-xP colloidal nanocrystals,” Adv. Mater. 28(18), 3535–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene Photonics, Plasmonics, and Broadband Optoelectronic Devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berkdemir, A.

H. R. Gutiérrez, N. Perea-López, A. L. Elías, A. Berkdemir, B. Wang, R. Lv, F. López-Urías, V. H. Crespi, H. Terrones, and M. Terrones, “Extraordinary room-temperature photoluminescence in triangular WS2 monolayers,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3447–3454 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blau, W. J.

Boguslawski, J.

Bonaccorso, F.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Z. P.

Cao, G. Z.

Chen, H.

H. Chen, I. L. Li, S. C. Ruan, T. Guo, and P. G. Yan, “Fiber-integrated tungsten disulfide saturable absorber (mirror) for pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081318 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “70-fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with topological insulator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 19997 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, H. Chen, S. C. Ruan, C. Y. Guo, S. F. Chen, I. L. Li, H. P. Yang, J. G. Hu, and G. Z. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, and J. Hou, “Versatile long cavity widely tunable pulsed Yb-doped fiber laser with up to 27655th harmonic mode locking order,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1308–1318 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, K. Y. Li, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. Z. Wang, J. F. Ding, X. J. Zhang, and T. Guo, “Q-switched fiber laser using a fiber-tip-integrated TI saturable absorption mirror,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1500506 (2015).

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “All fiber actively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped laser with large range temporal tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1786–1789 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

M. Zhang, G. Hu, G. Hu, R. C. Howe, L. Chen, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “Yb- and Er-doped fiber laser Q-switched with an optically uniform, broadband WS2 saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17482 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

Chen, S. F.

Chen, S. P.

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, and J. Hou, “Versatile long cavity widely tunable pulsed Yb-doped fiber laser with up to 27655th harmonic mode locking order,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1308–1318 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “All fiber actively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped laser with large range temporal tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1786–1789 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. S.

Cheng, Y.

Chim, C. Y.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. Zhang, T. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2.,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coleman, J. N.

Crespi, V. H.

H. R. Gutiérrez, N. Perea-López, A. L. Elías, A. Berkdemir, B. Wang, R. Lv, F. López-Urías, V. H. Crespi, H. Terrones, and M. Terrones, “Extraordinary room-temperature photoluminescence in triangular WS2 monolayers,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3447–3454 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

X. Liu and Y. Cui, “Flexible pulse-controlled fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9399 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Corrigendum: Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12193 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Han, X. Yao, and Z. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui and X. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, J. F.

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, K. Y. Li, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. Z. Wang, J. F. Ding, X. J. Zhang, and T. Guo, “Q-switched fiber laser using a fiber-tip-integrated TI saturable absorption mirror,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1500506 (2015).

Dong, B.

B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Short linear-cavity Q-switched fiber laser with a compact short carbon nanotube based saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(2), 105–107 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range Tunable Nanotube Q-Switched Low Threshold Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(24), 1853–1855 (2010).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Duan, L.

Duan, L. N.

L. N. Duan, Y. G. Wang, C. W. Xu, L. Li, and Y. S. Wang, “Passively Harmonic Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With a High Signal-to-Noise Ratio via Evanescent-Light Deposition of Bismuth,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 1500807 (2015).
[Crossref]

Elías, A. L.

H. R. Gutiérrez, N. Perea-López, A. L. Elías, A. Berkdemir, B. Wang, R. Lv, F. López-Urías, V. H. Crespi, H. Terrones, and M. Terrones, “Extraordinary room-temperature photoluminescence in triangular WS2 monolayers,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3447–3454 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, D.

Fan, H. Y.

L. Wei, D.-P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W.-K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fox, D.

Galli, G.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. Zhang, T. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2.,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gini, E.

Grodecki, K.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grudinin, A.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

Guo, B.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, P. G. Yan, K. Xu, J. J. Liu, S. G. Wang, and Y. Li, “Dual-wavelength soliton mode-locked fiber laser with a WS2-based fiber taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 323–326 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guo, C. Y.

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, K. Y. Li, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. Z. Wang, J. F. Ding, X. J. Zhang, and T. Guo, “Q-switched fiber laser using a fiber-tip-integrated TI saturable absorption mirror,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1500506 (2015).

P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, H. Chen, S. C. Ruan, C. Y. Guo, S. F. Chen, I. L. Li, H. P. Yang, J. G. Hu, and G. Z. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, T.

H. Chen, I. L. Li, S. C. Ruan, T. Guo, and P. G. Yan, “Fiber-integrated tungsten disulfide saturable absorber (mirror) for pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081318 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, K. Y. Li, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. Z. Wang, J. F. Ding, X. J. Zhang, and T. Guo, “Q-switched fiber laser using a fiber-tip-integrated TI saturable absorption mirror,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1500506 (2015).

Guo, Z.

Gutiérrez, H. R.

H. R. Gutiérrez, N. Perea-López, A. L. Elías, A. Berkdemir, B. Wang, R. Lv, F. López-Urías, V. H. Crespi, H. Terrones, and M. Terrones, “Extraordinary room-temperature photoluminescence in triangular WS2 monolayers,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3447–3454 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hakulinen, T.

Han, D.

X. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Han, X. Yao, and Z. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Corrigendum: Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12193 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, H.

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “70-fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with topological insulator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 19997 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, H. N.

Hao, J. Z.

B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Short linear-cavity Q-switched fiber laser with a compact short carbon nanotube based saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(2), 105–107 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range Tunable Nanotube Q-Switched Low Threshold Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(24), 1853–1855 (2010).
[Crossref]

Häring, R.

Harun, S. W.

Hasan, T.

M. Zhang, G. Hu, G. Hu, R. C. Howe, L. Chen, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “Yb- and Er-doped fiber laser Q-switched with an optically uniform, broadband WS2 saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17482 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. Kelleher, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hou, J.

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, and J. Hou, “Versatile long cavity widely tunable pulsed Yb-doped fiber laser with up to 27655th harmonic mode locking order,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1308–1318 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “All fiber actively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped laser with large range temporal tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1786–1789 (2014).
[Crossref]

Howe, R. C.

M. Zhang, G. Hu, G. Hu, R. C. Howe, L. Chen, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “Yb- and Er-doped fiber laser Q-switched with an optically uniform, broadband WS2 saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17482 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. Kelleher, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, G.

M. Zhang, G. Hu, G. Hu, R. C. Howe, L. Chen, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “Yb- and Er-doped fiber laser Q-switched with an optically uniform, broadband WS2 saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17482 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhang, G. Hu, G. Hu, R. C. Howe, L. Chen, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “Yb- and Er-doped fiber laser Q-switched with an optically uniform, broadband WS2 saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17482 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. Kelleher, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, J. G.

Hu, J. H.

B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Short linear-cavity Q-switched fiber laser with a compact short carbon nanotube based saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(2), 105–107 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range Tunable Nanotube Q-Switched Low Threshold Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(24), 1853–1855 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huang, G.

Huang, S. S.

S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “Soliton Rains In A Graphene-Oxide Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser With All-Normal Dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025102 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “High order harmonic mode locking in an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser with a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 24(1), 015001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. Z.

Ismail, M. A.

Jeong, H.

S. H. Kassani, R. Khazaeinezhad, H. Jeong, T. Nazari, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “All-fiber Er-doped Q-Switched laser based on Tungsten Disulfide saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(2), 373 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Khazaeinezhad, T. Nazari, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Passive Q-Switching of an All-Fiber Laser Using WS2 Deposited Optical Fiber Taper,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, G.

Jiang, S.

Jiang, Z. F.

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, and J. Hou, “Versatile long cavity widely tunable pulsed Yb-doped fiber laser with up to 27655th harmonic mode locking order,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1308–1318 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “All fiber actively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped laser with large range temporal tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1786–1789 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jung, I. D.

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S. H. Kassani, R. Khazaeinezhad, H. Jeong, T. Nazari, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “All-fiber Er-doped Q-Switched laser based on Tungsten Disulfide saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(2), 373 (2015).
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Mao, D.

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U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
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S. H. Kassani, R. Khazaeinezhad, H. Jeong, T. Nazari, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “All-fiber Er-doped Q-Switched laser based on Tungsten Disulfide saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(2), 373 (2015).
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Park, K. J.

R. Khazaeinezhad, T. Nazari, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Passive Q-Switching of an All-Fiber Laser Using WS2 Deposited Optical Fiber Taper,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–7 (2015).
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Peng, J.

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H. Chen, I. L. Li, S. C. Ruan, T. Guo, and P. G. Yan, “Fiber-integrated tungsten disulfide saturable absorber (mirror) for pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081318 (2016).
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P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, H. Chen, S. C. Ruan, C. Y. Guo, S. F. Chen, I. L. Li, H. P. Yang, J. G. Hu, and G. Z. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
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A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. Zhang, T. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2.,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1271–1275 (2010).
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L. N. Duan, Y. G. Wang, C. W. Xu, L. Li, and Y. S. Wang, “Passively Harmonic Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With a High Signal-to-Noise Ratio via Evanescent-Light Deposition of Bismuth,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 1500807 (2015).
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Wei, Z.

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “70-fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with topological insulator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 19997 (2016).
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W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
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Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
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Wu, K.

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M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
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Xu, H.

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
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P. G. Yan, A. J. Liu, Y. S. Chen, H. Chen, S. C. Ruan, C. Y. Guo, S. F. Chen, I. L. Li, H. P. Yang, J. G. Hu, and G. Z. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
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S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “Soliton Rains In A Graphene-Oxide Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser With All-Normal Dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025102 (2014).
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S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “High order harmonic mode locking in an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser with a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 24(1), 015001 (2014).
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B. Guo, Y. Yao, P. G. Yan, K. Xu, J. J. Liu, S. G. Wang, and Y. Li, “Dual-wavelength soliton mode-locked fiber laser with a WS2-based fiber taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 323–326 (2016).
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S. H. Kassani, R. Khazaeinezhad, H. Jeong, T. Nazari, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “All-fiber Er-doped Q-Switched laser based on Tungsten Disulfide saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(2), 373 (2015).
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H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “All fiber actively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped laser with large range temporal tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1786–1789 (2014).
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Yu, X.

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X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Corrigendum: Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12193 (2015).
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Zhang, G. L.

S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “High order harmonic mode locking in an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser with a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 24(1), 015001 (2014).
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S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “Soliton Rains In A Graphene-Oxide Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser With All-Normal Dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025102 (2014).
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Zhang, H.

Z. Liu, H. Mu, S. Xiao, R. Wang, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Zhu, K. Lu, H. Zhang, S. T. Lee, Q. Bao, and W. Ma, “Pulsed lasers employing solution-processed plasmonic Cu3-xP colloidal nanocrystals,” Adv. Mater. 28(18), 3535–3542 (2016).
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Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
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Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
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M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
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H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
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Zhang, L.

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Zhang, X.

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P. G. Yan, H. Chen, K. Y. Li, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. Z. Wang, J. F. Ding, X. J. Zhang, and T. Guo, “Q-switched fiber laser using a fiber-tip-integrated TI saturable absorption mirror,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1500506 (2015).

Zhang, X. Y.

Zhang, Y.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. Zhang, T. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2.,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1271–1275 (2010).
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Zhao, C.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, J. Q.

S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “Soliton Rains In A Graphene-Oxide Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser With All-Normal Dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025102 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “High order harmonic mode locking in an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser with a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 24(1), 015001 (2014).
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Zheng, X. W.

Zheng, Z.

M. Zhang, G. Hu, G. Hu, R. C. Howe, L. Chen, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “Yb- and Er-doped fiber laser Q-switched with an optically uniform, broadband WS2 saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17482 (2015).
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Zhong, M.

Zhou, D.-P.

L. Wei, D.-P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W.-K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, M.

Zhu, C.

Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
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Zhu, X.

Z. Liu, H. Mu, S. Xiao, R. Wang, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Zhu, K. Lu, H. Zhang, S. T. Lee, Q. Bao, and W. Ma, “Pulsed lasers employing solution-processed plasmonic Cu3-xP colloidal nanocrystals,” Adv. Mater. 28(18), 3535–3542 (2016).
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Zybala, R.

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

R. Lv, J. A. Robinson, R. E. Schaak, D. Sun, Y. Sun, T. E. Mallouk, and M. Terrones, “Transition Metal Dichalcogenides and Beyond: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Single- and Few-Layer Nanosheets,” Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 56–64 (2015).
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ACS Nano (1)

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene Photonics, Plasmonics, and Broadband Optoelectronic Devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
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Adv. Mater. (1)

Z. Liu, H. Mu, S. Xiao, R. Wang, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Zhu, K. Lu, H. Zhang, S. T. Lee, Q. Bao, and W. Ma, “Pulsed lasers employing solution-processed plasmonic Cu3-xP colloidal nanocrystals,” Adv. Mater. 28(18), 3535–3542 (2016).
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Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
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D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “All fiber actively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped laser with large range temporal tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1786–1789 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Li, H. Xia, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, P. G. Yan, K. Xu, J. J. Liu, S. G. Wang, and Y. Li, “Dual-wavelength soliton mode-locked fiber laser with a WS2-based fiber taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 323–326 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wei, D.-P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W.-K. Liu, “Graphene-Based Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
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IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. (1)

B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Wide Pulse-Repetition-Rate Range Tunable Nanotube Q-Switched Low Threshold Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(24), 1853–1855 (2010).
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IEEE Photonics J. (3)

L. N. Duan, Y. G. Wang, C. W. Xu, L. Li, and Y. S. Wang, “Passively Harmonic Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With a High Signal-to-Noise Ratio via Evanescent-Light Deposition of Bismuth,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 1500807 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, K. Y. Li, C. Y. Guo, S. C. Ruan, J. Z. Wang, J. F. Ding, X. J. Zhang, and T. Guo, “Q-switched fiber laser using a fiber-tip-integrated TI saturable absorption mirror,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1500506 (2015).

R. Khazaeinezhad, T. Nazari, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Passive Q-Switching of an All-Fiber Laser Using WS2 Deposited Optical Fiber Taper,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–7 (2015).
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Laser Phys. (1)

S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “High order harmonic mode locking in an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser with a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 24(1), 015001 (2014).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

S. S. Huang, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, G. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhao, H. Q. Li, and R. Y. Lin, “Soliton Rains In A Graphene-Oxide Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser With All-Normal Dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025102 (2014).
[Crossref]

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H. R. Gutiérrez, N. Perea-López, A. L. Elías, A. Berkdemir, B. Wang, R. Lv, F. López-Urías, V. H. Crespi, H. Terrones, and M. Terrones, “Extraordinary room-temperature photoluminescence in triangular WS2 monolayers,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3447–3454 (2013).
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A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. Zhang, T. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2.,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1271–1275 (2010).
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Z. Luo, D. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, J. Weng, S. Xu, C. Zhu, F. Wang, Z. Sun, and H. Zhang, “Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers,” Nanoscale 8(2), 1066–1072 (2016).
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Z. P. Sun, A. Martinez, and F. Wang, “Optical modulators with 2D layered materials,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 227–238 (2016).
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H. Chen, I. L. Li, S. C. Ruan, T. Guo, and P. G. Yan, “Fiber-integrated tungsten disulfide saturable absorber (mirror) for pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081318 (2016).
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Opt. Express (9)

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, J. H. Liou, C. P. Yu, and G. R. Lin, “Using graphene nano-particle embedded in photonic crystal fiber for evanescent wave mode-locking of fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16763–16776 (2013).
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R. I. Woodward, E. J. Kelleher, R. C. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
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Y. Cui and X. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013).
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H. Chen, S. P. Chen, Z. F. Jiang, and J. Hou, “Versatile long cavity widely tunable pulsed Yb-doped fiber laser with up to 27655th harmonic mode locking order,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1308–1318 (2015).
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K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11453–11461 (2015).
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H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
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Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
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W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
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B. Dong, J. Z. Hao, J. H. Hu, and C. Y. Liaw, “Short linear-cavity Q-switched fiber laser with a compact short carbon nanotube based saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(2), 105–107 (2011).
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X. M. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023811 (2010).
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X. Liu, D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, “Corrigendum: Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12193 (2015).
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X. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Han, X. Yao, and Z. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
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M. Zhang, G. Hu, G. Hu, R. C. Howe, L. Chen, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “Yb- and Er-doped fiber laser Q-switched with an optically uniform, broadband WS2 saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 17482 (2015).
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W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “70-fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with topological insulator,” Sci. Rep. 5, 19997 (2016).
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X. Liu and Y. Cui, “Flexible pulse-controlled fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9399 (2015).
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Other (1)

http://www.batop.de/products/saturable-absorber/saturable-absorber-mirror/data-sheet/saturable-absorber-mirror-1550nm/saturable-absorber-mirror-SAM-1550-14-5ps.pdf

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) SEM image and (b) zoomed image of WS2 on the tip of PMF with different resolutions; (c) Optical image of WS2-SAM; (d) Raman spectra analysis.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic of the power-dependent characteristics measurement; (b) Nonlinear optical absorption properties of the WS2-SAM.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic of Q-switched fiber laser using WS2-SAM.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The pulse trains under different pump powers; (b) Single pulse envelope, insert is the single pulse -picture of oscilloscope; (c) RF spectra in span of 6 MHz and insert is fundamental repetition -rate with RBW of 10 Hz; (d) Spectrum of Q-switching operation.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Output power and repetition rates of Q-switched fiber laser as functions of the pump power; (b) Variable curves of the pulse energy and duration with pump power.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Q-switched fiber lasers with different saturable absorbers

Tables Icon

Table 2 The performances of Q-switching operation with different lengths of EDF

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