Abstract

An all-optical scheme for bright γ-rays and dense ee+ pair source is proposed by irradiating a 1022 W/cm2 laser onto a near-critical-density plasmas filled Al cone. Two-dimensional (2D) QED particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations show that, a dense electron bunch is confined in the laser field due to the radiation reaction and the trapped electrons oscillate transversely, emitting bright γ-rays forward in two ways: (1) nonlinear Compton scattering due to oscillation of electrons in the laser field, and (2) Compton backwardscattering resulting from the bunch colliding with the reflected laser by the cone tip. Finally, the multi-photon Breit-Wheeler process is initiated, producing abundant ee+ pairs with a density of ∼ 1027m−3. The scheme is further demonstrated by full 3D PIC simulations, which indicates a positron number up to 2 × 109. This compact γ-rays and ee+ pair source may have many potential applications, such as the laboratory study of astrophysics and nuclear physics.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (6)

G. Sarri, K. Poder, J. M. Cole, W. Schumaker, A. Di Piazza, B. Reville, T. Dzelzainis, T. Dzelzainis, D. Doria, L. A. Gizzi, G. Grittani, S. Kar, C. H. Keitel, K. Krushelnick, S. Kuschel, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, N. Shukla, L. O. Silva, D. Symes, A. G. R. Thomas, M. Vargas, J. Vieira, and M. Zepf, “Generation of neutral and high-density electron-positron pair plasmas in the laboratory,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6747 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. X. Liu, Y. Y. Ma, J. Zhao, T. P. Yu, X. H. Yang, L. F. Gan, G. B. Zhang, J. F. Yan, H. B. Zhuo, J. J. Liu, Y. Zhao, and S. Kawata, “High-flux low-divergence positron beam generation from ultra-intense laser irradiated a tapered hollow target,” Phys. Plasmas 22, 103102 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Luo, Y. B. Zhu, H. B. Zhuo, Y. Y. Ma, Y. M. Song, Z. C. Zhu, X. D. Wang, X. H. Li, I. C. E. Turcu, and M. Chen, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and gamma-ray bursts generation by counterpropagating quantum electrodynamics-strong laser interaction with solid targets,” Phys. Plasmas 22, 063112 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. L. Zhu, Y. Yan, T. P. Yu, F. Q. Shao, Z. Y. Ge, W. Q. Wang, and J. J. Liu, “Enhanced electron trapping and gamma-ray emission by ultra-intense laser irradiating a near-critical density plasma filled gold cone,” New J. Phys. 17, 053039 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. B. Zou, H. B. Zhou, T. P. Yu, H. C. Wu, X. H. Yang, F. Q. Shao, Y. Y. Ma, Y. Yin, and Z. Y. Ge, “Enhanced laser-radiation-pressure-driven proton acceleration by moving focusing electric-fields in a foil-in-cone target,” Phys. Plasmas 22, 023109 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. P. Yu, W. Yu, F. Q. Shao, S. X. Luan, D. B. Zou, Z. Y. Ge, G. B. Zhang, J. W. Wang, W. Q. Wang, X. H. Li, J. X. Liu, J. M. Ouyang, and A. Y. Wong, “High-energy-density electron jet generation from an opening gold cone filled with near critical-density plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 117, 023105 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

L. L. Ji, A. Pukhov, I. Yu. Kostyukov, B. F. Shen, and K. Akli, “Radiation-reaction trapping of electrons in extreme laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 145003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. J. Pike, F. Mackenroth, E. G. Hill, and S. J. Rose, “A photon-photon collider in a vacuum hohlraum,” Nat. Photonics 8, 434–436 (2014).

2013 (3)

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, F. Liu, and G. Shvets, “Bright betatronlike X rays from radiation pressure acceleration of a mass-limited foil target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 045001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and bursts of gamma-rays from laser-generated quantum electrodynamic plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 20, 056701 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Sarri, W. Schumaker, A. Di Piazza, M. Vargas, B. Dromey, M. E. Dieckmann, V. Chvykov, A. Maksimchuk, V. Yanovsky, Z. H. He, B. X. Hou, J. A. Nees, A. G. R. Thomas, C. H. Keitel, and M. Zepf, “Table-top laser-based source of femtosecond, collimated, ultrarelativistic positron beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 255002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

A. Di Piazza, C. Müller, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, and C. H. Keitel, “Extremely high-intensity laser interactions with fundamental quantum systems,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1177–1228 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, A. P. L. Robinson, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and ultraintense γ rays from laser-irradiated solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 165006 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Yan, Y. C. Wu, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Teng, J. Q. Yu, D. X. Liu, K. G. Dong, L. Wei, W. Fan, L. F. Cao, Z. E. Yao, and Y. Q. Gu, “Monte Carlo simulation study of positron generation in ultra-intense laser-solid interactions,” Phys. Plasmas 19, 023114 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

M. Chen, A. Pukhov, T. P. Yu, and Z. M. Sheng, “Radiation reaction effects on ion acceleration in laser foil interaction,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 53, 86–89 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. P. Yu, A. Pukhov, G. Shvets, M. Chen, T. H. Ratliff, S. A. Yi, and V. Khudik, “Simulations of stable compact proton beam acceleration from a two-ion-species ultrathin foil,” Phys. Plasmas 18, 043110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Wu, J. Jiang, S. J. Wang, A. Kallis, and P. G. Coleman, “Porosity and crystallization of water ice films studied by positron and positronium annihilation,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 064123 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

R. Ruffini, G. Vereshchagin, and S. S. Xue, “Electron-positron pairs in physics and astrophysics: from heavy nuclei to black holes,” Phys. Rep. 487, 1–140 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. M. Fedotov, N. B. Narozhny, G. Mourou, and G. Korn, “Limitation on the attainable intensity of high power lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 080402 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

J. G. Kirk, A. R. Bell, and I. Arka, “Pair production in counter-propagating laser beams,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 51, 085008 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, S. C. Wilks, J. D. Bonlie, E. P. Liang, J. Myatt, D. F. Price, D. D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 105001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Li, K. Imasaki, S. Miyamoto, K. Horikawa, K. Ishihara, S. Amano, and T. Mochizuki, “Positron generation through laser Compton scattering gamma ray,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 091112 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2006 (1)

D. W. Gidley, H. G. Peng, and R. S. Vallery, “Positron annihilation as a method to characterize porous materials,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 36, 49–79 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

B. A. Remington, “High energy density laboratory astrophysics,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 47, A191–A203 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Koga, T. Z. Esirkepov, and S. V. Bulanov, “Nonlinear Thomson scattering in the strong radiation damping regime,” Phys. Plasmas 12, 093106 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

K. Nakashima and H. Takabe, “Numerical study of pair creation by ultraintense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 9, 1505–1512 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

D. A. Gryaznykh, Y. Z. Kandiev, and V. A. Lykov, “Estimates of electron-positron pair production in the interaction of high-power laser radiation with high-Z targets,” JETP Lett. 67, 257–262 (1998).
[Crossref]

E. P. Liang, S. C. Wilks, and M. Tabak, “Pair production by ultraintense lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4887–4890 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

D. L. Burke, R. C. Field, G. Horton-Smith, J. E. Spencer, D. Walz, S. C. Berridge, W. M. Bugg, K. Shmakov, A. W. Weidemann, C. Bula, K. T. McDonald, E. J. Prebys, C. Bamber, S. J. Boege, T. Koffas, T. Kotseroglou, A. C. Melissinos, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. A. Reis, and W. Ragg, “Positron production in multiphoton light-by-light scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1626–1629 (1997).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

V. I. Ritus, “Quantum effects of the interaction of elementary particles with an intense electromagnetic field,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 6, 497–617 (1985).
[Crossref]

1951 (1)

J. Schwinger, “On gauge invariance and vacuum polarization,” Phys. Rev. 82, 664–679 (1951).
[Crossref]

1934 (1)

G. Breit and J. A. Wheeler, “Collision of two light quanta,” Phys. Rev. 46, 1087–1091 (1934).
[Crossref]

Akli, K.

L. L. Ji, A. Pukhov, I. Yu. Kostyukov, B. F. Shen, and K. Akli, “Radiation-reaction trapping of electrons in extreme laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 145003 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amano, S.

D. Li, K. Imasaki, S. Miyamoto, K. Horikawa, K. Ishihara, S. Amano, and T. Mochizuki, “Positron generation through laser Compton scattering gamma ray,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 091112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Arber, T. D.

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and bursts of gamma-rays from laser-generated quantum electrodynamic plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 20, 056701 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, A. P. L. Robinson, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and ultraintense γ rays from laser-irradiated solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 165006 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arka, I.

J. G. Kirk, A. R. Bell, and I. Arka, “Pair production in counter-propagating laser beams,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 51, 085008 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bamber, C.

D. L. Burke, R. C. Field, G. Horton-Smith, J. E. Spencer, D. Walz, S. C. Berridge, W. M. Bugg, K. Shmakov, A. W. Weidemann, C. Bula, K. T. McDonald, E. J. Prebys, C. Bamber, S. J. Boege, T. Koffas, T. Kotseroglou, A. C. Melissinos, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. A. Reis, and W. Ragg, “Positron production in multiphoton light-by-light scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1626–1629 (1997).
[Crossref]

Beiersdorfer, P.

H. Chen, S. C. Wilks, J. D. Bonlie, E. P. Liang, J. Myatt, D. F. Price, D. D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 105001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bell, A. R.

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and bursts of gamma-rays from laser-generated quantum electrodynamic plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 20, 056701 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, A. P. L. Robinson, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and ultraintense γ rays from laser-irradiated solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 165006 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. G. Kirk, A. R. Bell, and I. Arka, “Pair production in counter-propagating laser beams,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 51, 085008 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. R. Bell and J. G. Kirk, “Possibility of prolific pair production with high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 200403 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bennett, K.

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and bursts of gamma-rays from laser-generated quantum electrodynamic plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 20, 056701 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, A. P. L. Robinson, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and ultraintense γ rays from laser-irradiated solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 165006 (2012).
[Crossref]

Berridge, S. C.

D. L. Burke, R. C. Field, G. Horton-Smith, J. E. Spencer, D. Walz, S. C. Berridge, W. M. Bugg, K. Shmakov, A. W. Weidemann, C. Bula, K. T. McDonald, E. J. Prebys, C. Bamber, S. J. Boege, T. Koffas, T. Kotseroglou, A. C. Melissinos, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. A. Reis, and W. Ragg, “Positron production in multiphoton light-by-light scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1626–1629 (1997).
[Crossref]

Boege, S. J.

D. L. Burke, R. C. Field, G. Horton-Smith, J. E. Spencer, D. Walz, S. C. Berridge, W. M. Bugg, K. Shmakov, A. W. Weidemann, C. Bula, K. T. McDonald, E. J. Prebys, C. Bamber, S. J. Boege, T. Koffas, T. Kotseroglou, A. C. Melissinos, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. A. Reis, and W. Ragg, “Positron production in multiphoton light-by-light scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1626–1629 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bonlie, J. D.

H. Chen, S. C. Wilks, J. D. Bonlie, E. P. Liang, J. Myatt, D. F. Price, D. D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 105001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brady, C. S.

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and bursts of gamma-rays from laser-generated quantum electrodynamic plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 20, 056701 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, A. P. L. Robinson, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and ultraintense γ rays from laser-irradiated solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 165006 (2012).
[Crossref]

Breit, G.

G. Breit and J. A. Wheeler, “Collision of two light quanta,” Phys. Rev. 46, 1087–1091 (1934).
[Crossref]

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Kallis, A.

Y. C. Wu, J. Jiang, S. J. Wang, A. Kallis, and P. G. Coleman, “Porosity and crystallization of water ice films studied by positron and positronium annihilation,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 064123 (2011).
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G. Sarri, K. Poder, J. M. Cole, W. Schumaker, A. Di Piazza, B. Reville, T. Dzelzainis, T. Dzelzainis, D. Doria, L. A. Gizzi, G. Grittani, S. Kar, C. H. Keitel, K. Krushelnick, S. Kuschel, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, N. Shukla, L. O. Silva, D. Symes, A. G. R. Thomas, M. Vargas, J. Vieira, and M. Zepf, “Generation of neutral and high-density electron-positron pair plasmas in the laboratory,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6747 (2015).
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C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and bursts of gamma-rays from laser-generated quantum electrodynamic plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 20, 056701 (2013).
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C. P. Ridgers, C. S. Brady, R. Duclous, J. G. Kirk, K. Bennett, T. D. Arber, A. P. L. Robinson, and A. R. Bell, “Dense electron-positron plasmas and ultraintense γ rays from laser-irradiated solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 165006 (2012).
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J. Koga, T. Z. Esirkepov, and S. V. Bulanov, “Nonlinear Thomson scattering in the strong radiation damping regime,” Phys. Plasmas 12, 093106 (2005).
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A. M. Fedotov, N. B. Narozhny, G. Mourou, and G. Korn, “Limitation on the attainable intensity of high power lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 080402 (2010).
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See www.eli-np.ro for Extreme Light Infrastructure-Nuclear Physics.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic view of an intense linearly polarized laser striking a near-critical-density plasmas filled Al cone.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The transverse electric field evolution at t=42T0 (a) and 54T0 (b). Here, E0 = mecw0/e = 3.2 × 1012 V/m. The electron density (c) and energy distributions (d) at t=42T0.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The photon energy distribution [(a),(b)], the photon energy-density distribution [(c),(d)], and the positron density distribution [(e),(f)] at t=44T0 and 48T0, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The positron energy spectra (a) and the divergence angle distributions (b) at t=44T0, 46T0 and 48T0.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The positron number evolutions with different cone tip thicknesses (a) and NCD plasma densities (b).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 3D simulation results: (a) the electron density distribution at t=57T0, (b) the positron density distribution at t=57T0, and the positron energy spectrum evolution.

Equations (2)

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ε = 1 n e / γ e n c , ,
γ ~ a cone = e E cone / m e cw l ,

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