Abstract

We report on a millijoule level Er:YAG ceramic pulsed vortex laser resonantly pumped by an annular beam at 1532 nm. By means of an uncoated YAG crystal plate inserting into the cavity and a proper thermal gradient on the ceramic, 1.03 mJ LG0,-1 mode and 0.97 mJ LG0, + 1 mode were respectively produced, and no vortex mode instability problem was observed. We believe the directly generated millijoule level optical vortex with well–defined helicity will have potential applications in material modification and processing, high-field laser physics, and nonlinear optics, etc.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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  4. J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (6)

2013 (1)

J. W. Kim and W. A. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre–Gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

J. Strohaber, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, A. A. Kolomenskii, G. G. Paulus, and H. A. Schuessler, “Coherent transfer of optical orbital angular momentum in multi-order Raman sideband generation,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3411–3413 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, Z. Wang, H. Yu, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. Xu, J. Xu, X. Xu, and J. Wang, “Direct generation of optical vortex pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 031113 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, J. R. Hayes, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power Er:YAG laser with quasi-top-hat output beam,” Opt. Lett. 37(9), 1463–1465 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (3)

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 282–286 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Matsumoto, T. Ando, T. Inoue, Y. Ohtake, N. Fukuchi, and T. Hara, “Generation of high-quality higher-order Laguerre-Gaussian beams using liquid-crystal-on-silicon spatial light modulators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25(7), 1642–1651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Generation of Laguerre–Gaussian modes in fiber-coupled laser diode end-pumped lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 167–170 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Meyerhofer, “Observation of electron trapping in an intense laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(22), 4538–4541 (1999).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. E. L. O. van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1–3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. V. Vasnetsov, and M. S. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52(8), 429–431 (1990).

1967 (1)

R. C. C. Leite, S. P. S. Porto, and T. C. Damen, “The thermal lens effect as a power-limiting device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10(3), 100–101 (1967).
[Crossref]

Ait-Ameur, K.

Allen, L.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. E. L. O. van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1–3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ando, T.

Aoki, N.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barreiro, J. T.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 282–286 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bazhenov, V. Y.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. V. Vasnetsov, and M. S. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52(8), 429–431 (1990).

Beijersbergen, M. W.

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. E. L. O. van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1–3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bezuhanov, K.

Chaloupka, J. L.

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Meyerhofer, “Observation of electron trapping in an intense laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(22), 4538–4541 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

Chen, Y. F.

Y. Li, W. Chen, H. Lin, D. Ke, G. Zhang, and Y. F. Chen, “Manipulation of linearly polarized states in a diode-pumped YAG/Tm:YAG/YAG bulk laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1945–1948 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Generation of Laguerre–Gaussian modes in fiber-coupled laser diode end-pumped lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 167–170 (2001).
[Crossref]

Clarkson, W. A.

Damen, T. C.

R. C. C. Leite, S. P. S. Porto, and T. C. Damen, “The thermal lens effect as a power-limiting device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10(3), 100–101 (1967).
[Crossref]

Daniel, J. M. O.

Ding, Y.

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dreischuh, A.

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Forbes, A.

Franke-Arnold, S.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fukuchi, N.

Hara, T.

Hayes, J. R.

Huang, H

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ikesue, A.

Inoue, T.

Ke, D.

Kim, D. J.

Kim, J. W.

Kivshar, Y. S.

Kolomenskii, A. A.

Kurimura, S.

Kwiat, P. G.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 282–286 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Generation of Laguerre–Gaussian modes in fiber-coupled laser diode end-pumped lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 167–170 (2001).
[Crossref]

Leite, R. C. C.

R. C. C. Leite, S. P. S. Porto, and T. C. Damen, “The thermal lens effect as a power-limiting device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10(3), 100–101 (1967).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Lin, D.

Lin, H.

Litvin, I. A.

Lupei, V.

Mackenzie, J. I.

Maleshkov, G.

Massari, M.

Matsumoto, N.

Meyerhofer, D. D.

J. L. Chaloupka and D. D. Meyerhofer, “Observation of electron trapping in an intense laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(22), 4538–4541 (1999).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, K.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morita, R.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Naidoo, D.

Neshev, D. N.

Ngcobo, S.

Nisar Ahmed, Y.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ohtake, Y.

Omatsu, T.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padgett, M.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(4), 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

Paulus, G. G.

Porto, S. P. S.

R. C. C. Leite, S. P. S. Porto, and T. C. Damen, “The thermal lens effect as a power-limiting device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10(3), 100–101 (1967).
[Crossref]

Ren, Y

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Romanato, F.

Ruffato, G.

Samoc, M.

Sato, Y.

Schätzel, M. G.

Schuessler, H. A.

Shoji, I.

Sokolov, A. V.

Soskin, M. S.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. V. Vasnetsov, and M. S. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52(8), 429–431 (1990).

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strohaber, J.

Taira, T.

Toyoda, K.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tur, M.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

van der Veen, H. E. L. O.

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. E. L. O. van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1–3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Vasnetsov, M. V.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. V. Vasnetsov, and M. S. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52(8), 429–431 (1990).

Walther, H.

Wang, J.

Y. Ding, M. Xu, Y. Zhao, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Thermally driven continuous-wave and pulsed optical vortex,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2366–2369 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, Z. Wang, H. Yu, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. Xu, J. Xu, X. Xu, and J. Wang, “Direct generation of optical vortex pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 031113 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. C.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Generation of Laguerre–Gaussian modes in fiber-coupled laser diode end-pumped lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 167–170 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Wei, T. C.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 282–286 (2008).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. E. L. O. van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1–3), 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

Y. Zhao, S. Zhuang, X. Xu, J. Xu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Anisotropy of laser emission in monoclinic, disordered crystal Nd:LYSO,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2228–2235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, Z. Wang, H. Yu, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. Xu, J. Xu, X. Xu, and J. Wang, “Direct generation of optical vortex pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 031113 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, M.

Xu, X.

Y. Zhao, S. Zhuang, X. Xu, J. Xu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Anisotropy of laser emission in monoclinic, disordered crystal Nd:LYSO,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2228–2235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, S. Zhuang, X. Xu, J. Xu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Anisotropy of laser emission in monoclinic, disordered crystal Nd:LYSO,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2228–2235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, Z. Wang, H. Yu, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. Xu, J. Xu, X. Xu, and J. Wang, “Direct generation of optical vortex pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 031113 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Z. Wang, H. Yu, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. Xu, J. Xu, X. Xu, and J. Wang, “Direct generation of optical vortex pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 031113 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

Yu, H.

Yue, Y

J. Wang, J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, Y. Nisar Ahmed, Y Yan, H Huang, Y Ren, Y Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H.

Y. Ding, M. Xu, Y. Zhao, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Thermally driven continuous-wave and pulsed optical vortex,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2366–2369 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, Z. Wang, H. Yu, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. Xu, J. Xu, X. Xu, and J. Wang, “Direct generation of optical vortex pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 031113 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup used to excite and characterize the pulsed vortex lasers, inset is the schematic diagram of the produced interferences patterns with different tilt angles of YAG plate.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Relative focus transverse position of pump beam on the Er:YAG ceramic and the corresponding output mode profile.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) and (b) are the experimentally recorded transverse intensity profiles of the pulsed LG0, + 1 and LG0,-1 beam, respectively. (c) and (d) are the corresponding interference patterns.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Left: single pulsed energy of LG0, + 1 and LG0,-1 mode at PRF of 1 kHz, inset is average output power of LG0,-1 mode versus pump power, at PRF of 1 kHz and 5 kHz, respectively. Right: typical pulse train of LG0,-1 mode at 1 kHz PRF, inset is the corresponding single pulse profile with 50 ns pulse duration.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output laser spectra of the LG0, + 1 mode, LG0,-1 mode, and the situation without YAG plate.

Equations (2)

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E LG0,+1 =A(r)[ cos(ωtkz+φ)cos(ωt+kzφ) ]
E LG0,1 =A(r)[ cos(ωtkzφ)cos(ωt+kz+φ) ]

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