Abstract

Plasmonic Archimedean spiral modes on concentric silver (Ag) ring gratings are investigated by FDTD simulations and theoretical analyses. These modes are generated by placing the ring grating under an Ag nanorod to extract the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of spiral surface plasmon (SSP) modes on the nanorod and transform it into the orbital motion of SP on the grating. The formation of Archimedean spiral patterns is ascribed to two factors: both the r- and θ-directional wavevectors are conserved for SSP on nanorod coupling into SP on ring grating and both the r- and θ-directional velocities of SP keep unchanged when it propagates on the ring grating. The number of strands of Archimedean spiral pattern is determined by the topological charge of SSP mode. The plasmonic Archimedean spiral modes have potential applications in the fields of data storage, dielectric microparticle manipulation, biosensing and directional switching.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (IOP Publishing, 2003).
  2. M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Conservation of orbital angular momentum in air core optical fibers,” Optica 2(3), 267–270 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Wang, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, and X. Luo, “Transfer of orbital angular momentum through sub-wavelength waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2857–2862 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. F. Bouchard, I. D. Leon, S. A. Schulz, J. Upham, E. Karimi, and R. W. Boyd, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in ultra-thin metasurfaces with arbitrary topological charges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101905 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. D. Ku, W. L. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Deterministic synthesis of optical vortices in tailored plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(3), 4800409 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. T. Ku, C. F. Chen, and C. B. Huang, “Generation of surface plasmon vortex under linearly-polarized optical excitation in a gold metasurface,” in Frontiers in Optics 2014, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper FTh4E.2.
  11. C. F. Chen, C. T. Ku, Y. H. Tai, P. K. Wei, H. N. Lin, and C. B. Huang, “Creating optical near-field orbital angular momentum in a gold metasurface,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2746–2750 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2075–2079 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. S. Yang, W. Chen, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Miniature circular polarization analyzer with spiral plasmonic lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3047–3049 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J. I. Ziegler and R. F. Haglund., “Plasmonic response of nanoscale spirals,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 3013–3018 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. H. Kim, J. Park, S. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. K. A. Bachman, J. J. Peltzer, P. D. Flammer, T. E. Furtak, R. T. Collins, and R. E. Hollingsworth, “Spiral plasmonic nanoantennas as circular polarization transmission filters,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1308–1319 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. F. Rüting, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Subwavelength chiral surface plasmons that carry tuneable orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075437 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. C. M. Chen, C. K. Young, K. R. Chen, and Y. C. Lan, “Spiral surface plasmon modes on uniform and tapered metallic nanorods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(9), 2529–2534 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  23. C. M. Chen, J. L. Ke, Y. C. Lan, and M. C. Chan, “Spiral surface plasmon modes inside metallic nanoholes,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29321–29330 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  25. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  26. R. C. Shiu, Y. C. Lan, and C. M. Chen, “Plasmonic Bloch oscillations in cylindrical metal-dielectric waveguide arrays,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 4012–4014 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (6)

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Conservation of orbital angular momentum in air core optical fibers,” Optica 2(3), 267–270 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, and X. Luo, “Transfer of orbital angular momentum through sub-wavelength waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2857–2862 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Chen, C. T. Ku, Y. H. Tai, P. K. Wei, H. N. Lin, and C. B. Huang, “Creating optical near-field orbital angular momentum in a gold metasurface,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2746–2750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Chen, J. L. Ke, Y. C. Lan, and M. C. Chan, “Spiral surface plasmon modes inside metallic nanoholes,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29321–29330 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Bouchard, I. D. Leon, S. A. Schulz, J. Upham, E. Karimi, and R. W. Boyd, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in ultra-thin metasurfaces with arbitrary topological charges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101905 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

C. D. Ku, W. L. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Deterministic synthesis of optical vortices in tailored plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(3), 4800409 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. M. Chen, C. K. Young, K. R. Chen, and Y. C. Lan, “Spiral surface plasmon modes on uniform and tapered metallic nanorods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(9), 2529–2534 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

K. A. Bachman, J. J. Peltzer, P. D. Flammer, T. E. Furtak, R. T. Collins, and R. E. Hollingsworth, “Spiral plasmonic nanoantennas as circular polarization transmission filters,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1308–1319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Rüting, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Subwavelength chiral surface plasmons that carry tuneable orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075437 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

J. I. Ziegler and R. F. Haglund., “Plasmonic response of nanoscale spirals,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 3013–3018 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kim, J. Park, S. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. C. Shiu, Y. C. Lan, and C. M. Chen, “Plasmonic Bloch oscillations in cylindrical metal-dielectric waveguide arrays,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 4012–4014 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Abeysinghe, D. C.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aieta, F.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allen, L.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bachman, K. A.

Bao, K.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bermel, P.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, R.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bouchard, F.

F. Bouchard, I. D. Leon, S. A. Schulz, J. Upham, E. Karimi, and R. W. Boyd, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in ultra-thin metasurfaces with arbitrary topological charges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

F. Bouchard, I. D. Leon, S. A. Schulz, J. Upham, E. Karimi, and R. W. Boyd, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in ultra-thin metasurfaces with arbitrary topological charges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101905 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, M. C.

Chen, C. F.

C. F. Chen, C. T. Ku, Y. H. Tai, P. K. Wei, H. N. Lin, and C. B. Huang, “Creating optical near-field orbital angular momentum in a gold metasurface,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2746–2750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. M.

Chen, K. R.

Chen, W.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, W. Chen, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Miniature circular polarization analyzer with spiral plasmonic lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3047–3049 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, S. W.

H. Kim, J. Park, S. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Collins, R. T.

Courtial, J.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cui, J.

Fernández-Domínguez, A. I.

F. Rüting, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Subwavelength chiral surface plasmons that carry tuneable orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075437 (2012).
[Crossref]

Flammer, P. D.

Furtak, T. E.

Gaburro, Z.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, H.

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, P.

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García-Vidal, F. J.

F. Rüting, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Subwavelength chiral surface plasmons that carry tuneable orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075437 (2012).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gregg, P.

Gu, M.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haglund, R. F.

J. I. Ziegler and R. F. Haglund., “Plasmonic response of nanoscale spirals,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 3013–3018 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Håkanson, U.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hollingsworth, R. E.

Hong, M.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, C.

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, C.

Y. Wang, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, and X. Luo, “Transfer of orbital angular momentum through sub-wavelength waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2857–2862 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, C. B.

C. F. Chen, C. T. Ku, Y. H. Tai, P. K. Wei, H. N. Lin, and C. B. Huang, “Creating optical near-field orbital angular momentum in a gold metasurface,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2746–2750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Ku, W. L. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Deterministic synthesis of optical vortices in tailored plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(3), 4800409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, J. S.

W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, W. L.

C. D. Ku, W. L. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Deterministic synthesis of optical vortices in tailored plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(3), 4800409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ibanescu, M.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Johnson, S. G.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kang, M.

H. Kim, J. Park, S. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karimi, E.

F. Bouchard, I. D. Leon, S. A. Schulz, J. Upham, E. Karimi, and R. W. Boyd, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in ultra-thin metasurfaces with arbitrary topological charges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101905 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kats, M. A.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ke, J. L.

Kim, H.

H. Kim, J. Park, S. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kristensen, P.

Ku, C. D.

C. D. Ku, W. L. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Deterministic synthesis of optical vortices in tailored plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(3), 4800409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ku, C. T.

C. F. Chen, C. T. Ku, Y. H. Tai, P. K. Wei, H. N. Lin, and C. B. Huang, “Creating optical near-field orbital angular momentum in a gold metasurface,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2746–2750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lan, Y. C.

Lee, B.

H. Kim, J. Park, S. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. Y.

H. Kim, J. Park, S. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leon, I. D.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Bouchard, I. D. Leon, S. A. Schulz, J. Upham, E. Karimi, and R. W. Boyd, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in ultra-thin metasurfaces with arbitrary topological charges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, and X. Luo, “Transfer of orbital angular momentum through sub-wavelength waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2857–2862 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, H. N.

C. F. Chen, C. T. Ku, Y. H. Tai, P. K. Wei, H. N. Lin, and C. B. Huang, “Creating optical near-field orbital angular momentum in a gold metasurface,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2746–2750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, and X. Luo, “Transfer of orbital angular momentum through sub-wavelength waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2857–2862 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, X.

Y. Wang, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, and X. Luo, “Transfer of orbital angular momentum through sub-wavelength waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2857–2862 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. Rüting, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Subwavelength chiral surface plasmons that carry tuneable orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075437 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nelson, R. L.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, W. Chen, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Miniature circular polarization analyzer with spiral plasmonic lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3047–3049 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oskooi, A. F.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pan, W.

Park, J.

H. Kim, J. Park, S. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peltzer, J. J.

Pu, M.

Y. Wang, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, and X. Luo, “Transfer of orbital angular momentum through sub-wavelength waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2857–2862 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qassim, H.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qin, F.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramachandran, S.

Ren, H.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roundy, D.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rüting, F.

F. Rüting, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Subwavelength chiral surface plasmons that carry tuneable orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075437 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schulz, S. A.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Bouchard, I. D. Leon, S. A. Schulz, J. Upham, E. Karimi, and R. W. Boyd, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in ultra-thin metasurfaces with arbitrary topological charges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Scully, M. O.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shiu, R. C.

Tai, Y. H.

C. F. Chen, C. T. Ku, Y. H. Tai, P. K. Wei, H. N. Lin, and C. B. Huang, “Creating optical near-field orbital angular momentum in a gold metasurface,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2746–2750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, W. Y.

W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Upham, J.

F. Bouchard, I. D. Leon, S. A. Schulz, J. Upham, E. Karimi, and R. W. Boyd, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in ultra-thin metasurfaces with arbitrary topological charges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101905 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, and X. Luo, “Transfer of orbital angular momentum through sub-wavelength waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2857–2862 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, H.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, P. K.

C. F. Chen, C. T. Ku, Y. H. Tai, P. K. Wei, H. N. Lin, and C. B. Huang, “Creating optical near-field orbital angular momentum in a gold metasurface,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2746–2750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S.

Young, C. K.

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N. F.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q.

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, W. Chen, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Miniature circular polarization analyzer with spiral plasmonic lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3047–3049 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, B.

Zhao, Z.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ziegler, J. I.

J. I. Ziegler and R. F. Haglund., “Plasmonic response of nanoscale spirals,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 3013–3018 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Bouchard, I. D. Leon, S. A. Schulz, J. Upham, E. Karimi, and R. W. Boyd, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in ultra-thin metasurfaces with arbitrary topological charges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Comput. Phys. Commun. (1)

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

C. D. Ku, W. L. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Deterministic synthesis of optical vortices in tailored plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(3), 4800409 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (5)

J. I. Ziegler and R. F. Haglund., “Plasmonic response of nanoscale spirals,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 3013–3018 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic Archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kim, J. Park, S. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Chen, C. T. Ku, Y. H. Tai, P. K. Wei, H. N. Lin, and C. B. Huang, “Creating optical near-field orbital angular momentum in a gold metasurface,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2746–2750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chen, D. C. Abeysinghe, R. L. Nelson, and Q. Zhan, “Experimental confirmation of miniature spiral plasmonic lens as a circular polarization analyzer,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2075–2079 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

F. Rüting, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Subwavelength chiral surface plasmons that carry tuneable orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075437 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(9), 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

M. Pu, X. Ma, Z. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Wang, H. Gao, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Wang, and X. Luo, “Near-field collimation of light carrying orbital angular momentum with bull’s-eye-assisted plasmonic coaxial waveguides,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (IOP Publishing, 2003).

C. T. Ku, C. F. Chen, and C. B. Huang, “Generation of surface plasmon vortex under linearly-polarized optical excitation in a gold metasurface,” in Frontiers in Optics 2014, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper FTh4E.2.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Simulation model and (b) schematic for SSP mode on Ag nanorod coupling onto Ag ring grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation results of time-averaged power density contours at the top surface of grating for topological charge equal to (a) −1 and (b) 1. Λ = 80 nm. The geometrical parameters are listed in Table 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a)–(c) Simulation results of time-averaged power density contours at the top surface of grating for periods of ring grating equal to 40 nm, 60nm and 120 nm, respectively. (d) Simulation results (red triangle) and linearly least-squared fitting curve (black line) of 1/Λ versus 1/P. The topological charge is −1. λ 0 = 633 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated time-averaged power density contours (at the top surface of grating) with three-stranded Archimedean spiral pattern for topological charge =3 . The geometrical parameters are listed in Table 1. λ 0 = 633nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Simulation model for SSP mode on Ag nanorod coupling onto Ag straight grating. (b) Simulated time-averaged power density contours at the top surface of grating for topological charge =1 . The geometrical parameters are listed in Table 1. λ 0 = 633 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Geometric parameters for the simulation.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k r = k r,rod +mG,
υ r =ω/ k r =ω/( k r,rod +mG).
υ θ =ω/ k θ =ω/ k θ,rod .
r(θ)= r 0 ±Pθ,
υ r =P υ θ / r 0 .
r 0 k θ,rod /P= k r,rod +2π/Λ.

Metrics