Abstract

We report high performance nodeless hollow-core anti-resonant fibers (HARFs) with broadband guidance from 850 nm to >1700 nm and transmission attenuation of ~100 dB/km. We systematically investigate their bending loss behaviors using both theoretical and experimental approaches. While a low bending loss value of 0.2 dB/m at 5 cm bending radius is attained in the long wavelength side (LWS) of the spectrum, in this paper, we pursue light guidance in the short wavelength side (SWS) under tight bending, which is yet to be explored. We analytically predict and experimentally verify a sub transmission band in the SWS with a broad bandwidth of 110 THz and an acceptable loss of 4.5 dB/m at 2 cm bending radius, indicating that light can be simultaneously guided in LWS and SWS even under tight bending condition. This provides an unprecedented degree of freedom to tailor the transmission spectrum under a tight bending state and opens new opportunities for HARFs to march into practical applications where broadband guidance under small bending radius is a prerequisite.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Single-mode, low loss hollow-core anti-resonant fiber designs

Md. Selim Habib, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, Christos Markos, Axel Schülzgen, and Rodrigo Amezcua-Correa
Opt. Express 27(4) 3824-3836 (2019)

Nodeless hollow-core fiber for the visible spectral range

Shou-fei Gao, Ying-ying Wang, Xiao-lu Liu, Chang Hong, Shuai Gu, and Pu Wang
Opt. Lett. 42(1) 61-64 (2017)

Nested antiresonant nodeless hollow core fiber

Francesco Poletti
Opt. Express 22(20) 23807-23828 (2014)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. M. Litchinitser, A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Antiresonant reflecting photonic crystal optical waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 27(18), 1592–1594 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. P. St. J. Russell, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. R. A. Hassan, F. Yu, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, “Cavity-based mid-IR fiber gas laser pumped by a diode laser,” Optica 3(3), 218–221 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  5. B. Debord, M. Alharbi, L. Vincetti, A. Husakou, C. Fourcade-Dutin, C. Hoenninger, E. Mottay, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Multi-meter fiber-delivery and pulse self-compression of milli-Joule femtosecond laser and fiber-aided laser-micromachining,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10735–10746 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. Jaworski, F. Yu, R. M. Carter, J. C. Knight, J. D. Shephard, and D. P. Hand, “High energy green nanosecond and picosecond pulse delivery through a negative curvature fiber for precision micro-machining,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8498–8506 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. K. F. Mak, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, M. H. Frosz, A. Abdolvand, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, J. C. Travers, and P. St. J. Russell, “Compressing μJ-level pulses from 250 fs to sub-10 fs at 38-MHz repetition rate using two gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber stages,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1238–1241 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. G. Tsiminis, K. J. Rowland, E. P. Schartner, N. A. Spooner, T. M. Monro, and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Single-ring hollow core optical fibers made by glass billet extrusion for Raman sensing,” Opt. Express 24(6), 5911–5917 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).
  12. S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 669–671 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, A. F. Kosolapov, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of a waveguide regime for a silica hollow-core microstructured optical fiber with a negative curvature of the core boundary in the spectral region > 3.5 μm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1441–1448 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. B. Debord, M. Alharbi, A. Benoît, D. Ghosh, M. Dontabactouny, L. Vincetti, J.-M. Blondy, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Ultra low-loss hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber for green spectral-range applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(21), 6245–6248 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. F. Yu, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, “Low loss silica hollow core fibers for 3-4 μm spectral region,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11153–11158 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers: spectral properties, macrobending loss, and practical handling,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(1), 11–15 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. Yu and J. C. Knight, “Negative curvature hollow core optical fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 1–11 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  19. W. Ding and Y. Wang, “Analytic model for light guidance in single-wall hollow-core anti-resonant fibers,” Opt. Express 22(22), 27242–27256 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. W. Ding and Y. Y. Wang, “Hybrid transmission bands and large birefringence in hollow-core anti-resonant fibers,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21165–21174 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. L. Vincetti and V. Setti, “Waveguiding mechanism in tube lattice fibers,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23133–23146 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, B. Debord, C. Fourcade-Dutin, D. Ghosh, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part II: Cladding effect on confinement and bend loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28609–28616 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. A. N. Kolyadin, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Light transmission in negative curvature hollow core fiber in extremely high material loss region,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9514–9519 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. W. Belardi and J. C. Knight, “Hollow antiresonant fibers with low bending loss,” Opt. Express 22(8), 10091–10096 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M. Michieletto, J. K. Lyngsø, C. Jakobsen, J. Lægsgaard, O. Bang, and T. T. Alkeskjold, “Hollow-core fibers for high power pulse delivery,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7103–7119 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. P. Uebel, M. C. Günendi, M. H. Frosz, G. Ahmed, N. N. Edavalath, J.-M. Ménard, and P. St. J. Russell, “Broadband robustly single-mode hollow-core PCF by resonant filtering of higher-order modes,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 1961–1964 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, T. D. Bradley, Z. Liu, R. Slavik, M. A. Gouveia, N. V. Wheeler, G. T. Jasion, Y. Chen, E. Numkam-Fokoua, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Antiresonant hollow core fiber with octave spanning bandwidth for short haul data communications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th5A.3.
  28. S. F. Gao, Y. Y. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Ding, and P. Wang, “Low bending loss nodeless hollow-core anti-resonant fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SW1I.4.
    [Crossref]
  29. V. Setti, L. Vincetti, and A. Argyros, “Flexible tube lattice fibers for terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3388–3399 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. W. Belardi and J. C. Knight, “Effect of core boundary curvature on the confinement losses of hollow antiresonant fibers,” Opt. Express 21(19), 21912–21917 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative-curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25728 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. F. Gérôme, R. Jamier, J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, and J. M. Blondy, “Simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(8), 1157–1159 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. F. Poletti, “Nested antiresonant nodeless hollow core fiber,” Opt. Express 22(20), 23807–23828 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. A. Urich, R. R. J. Maier, F. Yu, J. C. Knight, D. P. Hand, and J. D. Shephard, “Flexible delivery of Er:YAG radiation at 2.94 µm with negative curvature silica glass fibers: a new solution for minimally invasive surgical procedures,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(2), 193–205 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. L. Vincetti and V. Setti, “Extra loss due to Fano resonances in inhibited coupling fibers based on a lattice of tubes,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14350–14361 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and E. Marom, “Theory of Bragg fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68(9), 1196–1201 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  37. J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, and W. Urbańczyk, “Effect of coupling between fundamental and cladding modes on bending losses in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6015–6022 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43(4), 1783–1809 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  39. S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, “Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 359–371 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  40. B. Debord, M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, C. Fourcade-Dutin, Y. Y. Wang, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part I: Arc curvature effect on confinement loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28597–28608 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. S. R. Sandoghchi, G. T. Jasion, N. V. Wheeler, S. Jain, Z. Lian, J. P. Wooler, R. P. Boardman, N. Baddela, Y. Chen, J. Hayes, E. N. Fokoua, T. Bradley, D. R. Gray, S. M. Mousavi, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “X-ray tomography for structural analysis of microstructured and multimaterial optical fibers and preforms,” Opt. Express 22(21), 26181–26192 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (6)

2015 (4)

2014 (8)

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, L. Vincetti, A. Husakou, C. Fourcade-Dutin, C. Hoenninger, E. Mottay, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Multi-meter fiber-delivery and pulse self-compression of milli-Joule femtosecond laser and fiber-aided laser-micromachining,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10735–10746 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ding and Y. Wang, “Analytic model for light guidance in single-wall hollow-core anti-resonant fibers,” Opt. Express 22(22), 27242–27256 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, A. Benoît, D. Ghosh, M. Dontabactouny, L. Vincetti, J.-M. Blondy, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Ultra low-loss hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber for green spectral-range applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(21), 6245–6248 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Poletti, “Nested antiresonant nodeless hollow core fiber,” Opt. Express 22(20), 23807–23828 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Belardi and J. C. Knight, “Hollow antiresonant fibers with low bending loss,” Opt. Express 22(8), 10091–10096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. R. Sandoghchi, G. T. Jasion, N. V. Wheeler, S. Jain, Z. Lian, J. P. Wooler, R. P. Boardman, N. Baddela, Y. Chen, J. Hayes, E. N. Fokoua, T. Bradley, D. R. Gray, S. M. Mousavi, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “X-ray tomography for structural analysis of microstructured and multimaterial optical fibers and preforms,” Opt. Express 22(21), 26181–26192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (7)

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, C. Fourcade-Dutin, Y. Y. Wang, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part I: Arc curvature effect on confinement loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28597–28608 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Urich, R. R. J. Maier, F. Yu, J. C. Knight, D. P. Hand, and J. D. Shephard, “Flexible delivery of Er:YAG radiation at 2.94 µm with negative curvature silica glass fibers: a new solution for minimally invasive surgical procedures,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(2), 193–205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, B. Debord, C. Fourcade-Dutin, D. Ghosh, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part II: Cladding effect on confinement and bend loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28609–28616 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Kolyadin, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Light transmission in negative curvature hollow core fiber in extremely high material loss region,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9514–9519 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Setti, L. Vincetti, and A. Argyros, “Flexible tube lattice fibers for terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3388–3399 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Belardi and J. C. Knight, “Effect of core boundary curvature on the confinement losses of hollow antiresonant fibers,” Opt. Express 21(19), 21912–21917 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

2007 (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, “Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 359–371 (2001).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

1964 (1)

E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43(4), 1783–1809 (1964).
[Crossref]

Abdolvand, A.

Abeeluck, A. K.

Ahmed, G.

Alharbi, M.

Alkeskjold, T. T.

Apolonski, A.

Argyros, A.

Astapovich, M. S.

Auguste, J. L.

Baddela, N.

Balciunas, T.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bang, O.

Belardi, W.

Benabid, F.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, L. Vincetti, A. Husakou, C. Fourcade-Dutin, C. Hoenninger, E. Mottay, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Multi-meter fiber-delivery and pulse self-compression of milli-Joule femtosecond laser and fiber-aided laser-micromachining,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10735–10746 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, A. Benoît, D. Ghosh, M. Dontabactouny, L. Vincetti, J.-M. Blondy, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Ultra low-loss hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber for green spectral-range applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(21), 6245–6248 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, B. Debord, C. Fourcade-Dutin, D. Ghosh, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part II: Cladding effect on confinement and bend loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28609–28616 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, C. Fourcade-Dutin, Y. Y. Wang, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part I: Arc curvature effect on confinement loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28597–28608 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 669–671 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benoît, A.

Biriukov, A. S.

Bjarklev, A.

Blondy, J. M.

Blondy, J.-M.

Boardman, R. P.

Bradley, T.

Broeng, J.

Carter, R. M.

Chang, W.

P. St. J. Russell, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Churbanov, M. F.

Couny, F.

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 669–671 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cubillas, A. M.

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cucinotta, A.

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, “Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 359–371 (2001).
[Crossref]

Debord, B.

Dianov, E. M.

Ding, W.

Dontabactouny, M.

Dunsby, C.

B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Edavalath, N. N.

Eggleton, B. J.

Etzold, B. J. M.

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Euser, T. G.

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, G.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fokoua, E. N.

Folkenberg, J. R.

Fourcade-Dutin, C.

French, P. M. W.

B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).

Frosz, M. H.

Gerome, F.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gérôme, F.

Ghosh, D.

Gray, D. R.

Günendi, M. C.

Hand, D. P.

Hansen, T. P.

Hassan, M. R. A.

Hayes, J.

Headley, C.

Hoenninger, C.

Hölzer, P.

P. St. J. Russell, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

Humbert, G.

Husakou, A.

Jain, S.

Jakobsen, C.

Jamier, R.

Jasion, G. T.

Jaworski, P.

Jones, A. C.

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katori, H.

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, J.

B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).

Knight, J. C.

Kolyadin, A. N.

Kosolapov, A. F.

Krausz, F.

Lægsgaard, J.

Lian, Z.

Light, P. S.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Litchinitser, N. M.

Lyngsø, J. K.

Maier, R. R. J.

Maizelis, Z.

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mak, K. F.

Marcatili, E.

E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43(4), 1783–1809 (1964).
[Crossref]

Marom, E.

Ménard, J.-M.

Michieletto, M.

Monro, T. M.

Mottay, E.

Mousavi, S. M.

Neil, M. A.

B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).

Nielsen, M. D.

Nori, F.

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okaba, S.

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olszewski, J.

Paterson, C.

B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).

Paulus, G. G.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

Petrovich, M.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Poletti, F.

Pronin, O.

Pryamikov, A. D.

Raymer, M. G.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

Roberts, P. J.

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 669–671 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rowland, K. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. Uebel, M. C. Günendi, M. H. Frosz, G. Ahmed, N. N. Edavalath, J.-M. Ménard, and P. St. J. Russell, “Broadband robustly single-mode hollow-core PCF by resonant filtering of higher-order modes,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 1961–1964 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Mak, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, M. H. Frosz, A. Abdolvand, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, J. C. Travers, and P. St. J. Russell, “Compressing μJ-level pulses from 250 fs to sub-10 fs at 38-MHz repetition rate using two gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber stages,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1238–1241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sadler, P. J.

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sandoghchi, S. R.

Schartner, E. P.

Schmeltzer, R.

E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43(4), 1783–1809 (1964).
[Crossref]

Seidel, M.

Selleri, S.

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, “Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 359–371 (2001).
[Crossref]

Semjonov, S. L.

Setti, V.

Shephard, J. D.

Sherlock, B.

B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).

Shiryaev, V. S.

Simonsen, H. R.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

Snopatin, G. E.

Spooner, N. A.

Stone, J.

B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).

Szpulak, M.

Takano, T.

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Travers, J. C.

Tsiminis, G.

Uebel, P.

Unterkofler, S.

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urbanczyk, W.

Urich, A.

Vienne, G.

Vincetti, L.

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, A. Benoît, D. Ghosh, M. Dontabactouny, L. Vincetti, J.-M. Blondy, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Ultra low-loss hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber for green spectral-range applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(21), 6245–6248 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, L. Vincetti, A. Husakou, C. Fourcade-Dutin, C. Hoenninger, E. Mottay, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Multi-meter fiber-delivery and pulse self-compression of milli-Joule femtosecond laser and fiber-aided laser-micromachining,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10735–10746 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Setti, L. Vincetti, and A. Argyros, “Flexible tube lattice fibers for terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3388–3399 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, B. Debord, C. Fourcade-Dutin, D. Ghosh, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part II: Cladding effect on confinement and bend loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28609–28616 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, C. Fourcade-Dutin, Y. Y. Wang, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part I: Arc curvature effect on confinement loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28597–28608 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Vincetti and V. Setti, “Extra loss due to Fano resonances in inhibited coupling fibers based on a lattice of tubes,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14350–14361 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Vincetti and V. Setti, “Waveguiding mechanism in tube lattice fibers,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23133–23146 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, “Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 359–371 (2001).
[Crossref]

Voronin, A. A.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. Y.

Warren, S.

B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).

Wasserscheid, P.

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wheeler, N. V.

Witting, T.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wooler, J. P.

Yampol’skii, V.

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

Yu, F.

Zheltikov, A. M.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zoboli, M.

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, “Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 359–371 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. Marcatili and R. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43(4), 1783–1809 (1964).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

A. M. Cubillas, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. M. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, P. Wasserscheid, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibres for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(22), 8629–8648 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Yu and J. C. Knight, “Negative curvature hollow core optical fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 1–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Biophotonics (1)

B. Sherlock, F. Yu, J. Stone, S. Warren, C. Paterson, M. A. Neil, P. M. W. French, J. Knight, and C. Dunsby, “Tunable fibre-coupled multiphoton microscopy with a negative curvature fibre,” J. Biophotonics 2016, 1–6 (2016).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nat. Commun. (2)

S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, V. Yampol’skii, F. Nori, and H. Katori, “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. St. J. Russell, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (20)

J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, and W. Urbańczyk, “Effect of coupling between fundamental and cladding modes on bending losses in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6015–6022 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Vincetti and V. Setti, “Waveguiding mechanism in tube lattice fibers,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23133–23146 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, A. F. Kosolapov, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of a waveguide regime for a silica hollow-core microstructured optical fiber with a negative curvature of the core boundary in the spectral region > 3.5 μm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1441–1448 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative-curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25728 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Yu, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, “Low loss silica hollow core fibers for 3-4 μm spectral region,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11153–11158 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Vincetti and V. Setti, “Extra loss due to Fano resonances in inhibited coupling fibers based on a lattice of tubes,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14350–14361 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tsiminis, K. J. Rowland, E. P. Schartner, N. A. Spooner, T. M. Monro, and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Single-ring hollow core optical fibers made by glass billet extrusion for Raman sensing,” Opt. Express 24(6), 5911–5917 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Michieletto, J. K. Lyngsø, C. Jakobsen, J. Lægsgaard, O. Bang, and T. T. Alkeskjold, “Hollow-core fibers for high power pulse delivery,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7103–7119 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ding and Y. Wang, “Analytic model for light guidance in single-wall hollow-core anti-resonant fibers,” Opt. Express 22(22), 27242–27256 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Jaworski, F. Yu, R. M. Carter, J. C. Knight, J. D. Shephard, and D. P. Hand, “High energy green nanosecond and picosecond pulse delivery through a negative curvature fiber for precision micro-machining,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8498–8506 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ding and Y. Y. Wang, “Hybrid transmission bands and large birefringence in hollow-core anti-resonant fibers,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21165–21174 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Setti, L. Vincetti, and A. Argyros, “Flexible tube lattice fibers for terahertz applications,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3388–3399 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Kolyadin, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Light transmission in negative curvature hollow core fiber in extremely high material loss region,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9514–9519 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Belardi and J. C. Knight, “Effect of core boundary curvature on the confinement losses of hollow antiresonant fibers,” Opt. Express 21(19), 21912–21917 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, C. Fourcade-Dutin, Y. Y. Wang, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part I: Arc curvature effect on confinement loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28597–28608 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Alharbi, T. Bradley, B. Debord, C. Fourcade-Dutin, D. Ghosh, L. Vincetti, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Hypocycloid-shaped hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Part II: Cladding effect on confinement and bend loss,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28609–28616 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Belardi and J. C. Knight, “Hollow antiresonant fibers with low bending loss,” Opt. Express 22(8), 10091–10096 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, L. Vincetti, A. Husakou, C. Fourcade-Dutin, C. Hoenninger, E. Mottay, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Multi-meter fiber-delivery and pulse self-compression of milli-Joule femtosecond laser and fiber-aided laser-micromachining,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10735–10746 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Poletti, “Nested antiresonant nodeless hollow core fiber,” Opt. Express 22(20), 23807–23828 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. R. Sandoghchi, G. T. Jasion, N. V. Wheeler, S. Jain, Z. Lian, J. P. Wooler, R. P. Boardman, N. Baddela, Y. Chen, J. Hayes, E. N. Fokoua, T. Bradley, D. R. Gray, S. M. Mousavi, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “X-ray tomography for structural analysis of microstructured and multimaterial optical fibers and preforms,” Opt. Express 22(21), 26181–26192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

B. Debord, M. Alharbi, A. Benoît, D. Ghosh, M. Dontabactouny, L. Vincetti, J.-M. Blondy, F. Gérôme, and F. Benabid, “Ultra low-loss hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber for green spectral-range applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(21), 6245–6248 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Mak, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, M. H. Frosz, A. Abdolvand, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, J. C. Travers, and P. St. J. Russell, “Compressing μJ-level pulses from 250 fs to sub-10 fs at 38-MHz repetition rate using two gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber stages,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1238–1241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Uebel, M. C. Günendi, M. H. Frosz, G. Ahmed, N. N. Edavalath, J.-M. Ménard, and P. St. J. Russell, “Broadband robustly single-mode hollow-core PCF by resonant filtering of higher-order modes,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 1961–1964 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 669–671 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gérôme, R. Jamier, J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, and J. M. Blondy, “Simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(8), 1157–1159 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. M. Litchinitser, A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Antiresonant reflecting photonic crystal optical waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 27(18), 1592–1594 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, “Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(4), 359–371 (2001).
[Crossref]

Optica (1)

Science (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. R. Hayes, S. R. Sandoghchi, T. D. Bradley, Z. Liu, R. Slavik, M. A. Gouveia, N. V. Wheeler, G. T. Jasion, Y. Chen, E. Numkam-Fokoua, M. N. Petrovich, D. J. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Antiresonant hollow core fiber with octave spanning bandwidth for short haul data communications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Postdeadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th5A.3.

S. F. Gao, Y. Y. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Ding, and P. Wang, “Low bending loss nodeless hollow-core anti-resonant fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SW1I.4.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Nodeless HARF under bending. (a) Schematics of the fiber bending configuration of Type I and the effect of the conformal mapping on the refractive index. (b,c) Dispersion curves of the equivalent air core capillary (thick black line) and the tubes (dashed lines for dielectric modes and thin solid lines for airy modes) under the simplified model. The notations of the mode types (HE, EH, LP) and the mode indices (μ, ν) are in accord with Ref [21]. The tubes in the outermost side (b) and in the second outermost position (c) under bending are respectively calculated with D = 40 μm, d = 24 μm, t = 410 nm, and N = 7. Numerical simulation to the core mode of the actual fiber (holy squares) agrees reasonably with the simplified modeling. (d,e) The maximum frequency spans (ΔF) in the SWS as a function of the bending radius and the tube diameter for the (d) Type I and (e) Type II fiber bending configurations.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Effect of inter-tube gaps. (a) Schematics of asymmetric fiber structure with the position of T2 and the gap separation g varying. The bending direction is in the –x axis, the polarization is in the y direction and the whole structure is mirror symmetric with the x coordinate. D = 40 μm, d = 24 μm, and t = 410 nm. (b) Simulated bending loss spectra at Rb = 3 cm with g = 3.3/5.3/7.59/10.22/13.28 μm, corresponding to the azimuthal angle of T2 to be 51°/55°/60°/65°/72° respectively. (c-h) Distributions of the z component of the normalized Poynting vector in the transverse plane at various loss peaks in (b). (c) stands for the common loss peak (λ ~1640 nm) of the resonance inside tube T1, (d-f) are those inside tube T2 for g = 3.3/5.3/7.59 μm respectively, and (g,h) are those inside gap G1 for g = 10.22/13.28 μm respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Characterizations of 3 nodeless HARFs under bending. (a-c) SEM images of Fiber #1, #2, #3 respectively having different tube sizes and core radii as indicated. All the SEM images have the same scale bar. (d-f) Transmission spectra of the three HARFs under different bending radii. The legend in each graph denotes bending radius in cm × number of turns.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a)-(c) Measured bending loss spectra of Fiber #1, #2, #3. (d-i) Simulated bending loss spectra under the bending configuration of (d-f) Type I and (g-i) Type II.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Attenuation spectrum of Fiber #2 (insert) measured using cut-back method from 80m to 10m fiber.

Metrics