Abstract

We report an intermediate regime between c.w. emission and noise-like pulses (NLPs) regime in an Er-doped partially mode-locked fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation. In this regime, the soliton bunches stochastically turn up from a quasi-cw background in the Q-switched-like envelope. The soliton bunches normally last for tens or hundreds of intracavity round-trips. When the soliton bunches vanish, typical NLPs chains are generated sporadically at location where the soliton bunches collapses. These results would be helpful to understand the generation and property of the NLPs regime.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (2)

2015 (5)

2014 (4)

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain and P. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley, F. Dias, M. Erkintalo, and G. Genty, “Instabilities, breathers and rogue waves in optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 755–764 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. S. Lin, S. K. Hwang, and J. M. Liu, “Supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear fibers using amplified noise-like optical pulses,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4152–4160 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Sotocrespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue wave generation in multiple-pulsing mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Opt. 15(6), 967–977 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7(2), 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Zaytsev, C.-H. Lin, Y.-J. You, C.-C. Chung, C.-L. Wang, and C.-L. Pan, “Supercontinuum generation by noise-like pulses transmitted through normally dispersive standard single-mode fibers,” Opt. Express 21(13), 16056–16062 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

A. Zaviyalov, P. Grelu, and F. Lederer, “Impact of slow gain dynamics on soliton molecules in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(2), 175–177 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Hernandez-Garcia, O. Pottiez, and J. Estudillo-Ayala, “Supercontinuum generation in a standard fiber pumped by noise-like pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 221–226 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: An experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

Akhmediev, N.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, and N. Akhmediev, “Spiny solitons and noise-like pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 32(7), 1377–1383 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Sotocrespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue wave generation in multiple-pulsing mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Opt. 15(6), 967–977 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alvarez-Tamayo, R. I.

Amrani, F.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of gain dynamics on dissipative soliton interaction in the presence of a continuous wave,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033831 (2015).
[Crossref]

Askins, C. G.

Babin, S.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barad, Y.

Barviau, B.

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bekker, A.

Boucon, A.

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Broderick, N. G.

Chang, W.

Chouli, S.

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: An experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chung, C.-C.

Churkin, D.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dennis, M. L.

Dias, F.

J. M. Dudley, F. Dias, M. Erkintalo, and G. Genty, “Instabilities, breathers and rogue waves in optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 755–764 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, F. Dias, M. Erkintalo, and G. Genty, “Instabilities, breathers and rogue waves in optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 755–764 (2014).
[Crossref]

Duling Iii, I. N.

Duran-Sanchez, M.

Eken, K.

Erkintalo, M.

Estudillo-Ayala, J.

J. Hernandez-Garcia, O. Pottiez, and J. Estudillo-Ayala, “Supercontinuum generation in a standard fiber pumped by noise-like pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 221–226 (2012).
[Crossref]

Falkovich, G.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fatome, J.

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Finot, C.

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fischer, B.

Friebele, E. J.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, F. Dias, M. Erkintalo, and G. Genty, “Instabilities, breathers and rogue waves in optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 755–764 (2014).
[Crossref]

Goda, K.

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7(2), 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grajales-Coutiño, R.

Grelu, P.

C. Lecaplain and P. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Sotocrespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue wave generation in multiple-pulsing mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Opt. 15(6), 967–977 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Zaviyalov, P. Grelu, and F. Lederer, “Impact of slow gain dynamics on soliton molecules in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(2), 175–177 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: An experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hernandez-Garcia, J.

J. Hernandez-Garcia, O. Pottiez, and J. Estudillo-Ayala, “Supercontinuum generation in a standard fiber pumped by noise-like pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 221–226 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hernandez-Garcia, J. C.

Hernández-García, J. C.

Horowitz, M.

Hwang, S. K.

Hwang, S.-K.

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Jalali, B.

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7(2), 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kuzin, E. A.

Kwon, Y.

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lauterio-Cruz, J. P.

Leblond, H.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of gain dynamics on dissipative soliton interaction in the presence of a continuous wave,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033831 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lecaplain, C.

C. Lecaplain and P. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Sotocrespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue wave generation in multiple-pulsing mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Opt. 15(6), 967–977 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lederer, F.

Lee, M. W.

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

Levit, B.

Lin, C.-H.

Lin, S. S.

Lin, S.-S.

Liu, J. M.

Liu, J.-M.

Millot, G.

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Niang, A.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of gain dynamics on dissipative soliton interaction in the presence of a continuous wave,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033831 (2015).
[Crossref]

Oktem, B.

Ozgören, K.

Pan, C.-L.

Podivilov, E.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pottiez, O.

Putnam, M. A.

Runge, A. F.

Salhi, M.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of gain dynamics on dissipative soliton interaction in the presence of a continuous wave,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033831 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, F.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of gain dynamics on dissipative soliton interaction in the presence of a continuous wave,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033831 (2015).
[Crossref]

Santiago-Hernandez, H.

Shu, X.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Silberberg, Y.

Smirnov, S.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sotocrespo, J. M.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Sotocrespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue wave generation in multiple-pulsing mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Opt. 15(6), 967–977 (2013).
[Crossref]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Sugavanam, S.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sylvestre, T.

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tarasov, N.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, S.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Turitsyna, E.

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vazquez-Zuniga, L. A.

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vouzas, P.

Wang, C.-L.

Weill, R.

Yilmaz, S.

You, Y.-J.

Zaviyalov, A.

Zaytsev, A.

Zhurahov, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Boucon, B. Barviau, J. Fatome, C. Finot, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, P. Grelu, and G. Millot, “Noise-like pulses generated at high harmonics in a partially-mode-locked km-long Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 283–287 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Sotocrespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue wave generation in multiple-pulsing mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Opt. 15(6), 967–977 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. (1)

J. Hernandez-Garcia, O. Pottiez, and J. Estudillo-Ayala, “Supercontinuum generation in a standard fiber pumped by noise-like pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(1), 221–226 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (4)

J. M. Dudley, F. Dias, M. Erkintalo, and G. Genty, “Instabilities, breathers and rogue waves in optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 755–764 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Turitsyna, S. Smirnov, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, S. Babin, E. Podivilov, D. Churkin, G. Falkovich, and S. Turitsyn, “The laminar-turbulent transition in a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 783–786 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7(2), 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

C. Lecaplain and P. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: An experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Influence of gain dynamics on dissipative soliton interaction in the presence of a continuous wave,” Phys. Rev. A 92(3), 033831 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic setup of the fiber ring laser cavity.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output characteristics of the PMLFL operating in typical NLPs regime. (a) Optical spectrum. (b) Output pulse chain. (c) Autocorrelation trace.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Temporal dynamics of the PMLFL. (a) Temporal traces and (c) equivalent spatial-temporal diagram for a pump power of 110 mW. (b) temporal traces and (d) equivalent spatial-temporal diagram for a pump power of 367 mW. (e) and (f) are the close-ups of (c) and (d) between 4000 and 5000 round trips, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output characteristics of the PMLFL operating in the soliton bunches state. (a) Optical spectra at different pump power. (b) and (c)Autocorrelation trace.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Detailed temporal performances of the soliton bunches and NLPs. (a) and (b) Multi-soliton bunch without tailing pulse envelope.(c) multi-soliton bunch with tailing pulse envelope(the inset displays the detail).(d) The tailing pulse envelope soliton and all structure is tailing.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Consecutive shot-shot spectral sequence. A dotted line divides the spectrum into two parts. The upper one is the NLPs state and the following one is the soliton bunch state. (b) Averaged spectra within a soliton bunch (blue line) and NLP (red line) regime. Pump power is 145 mW.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Peak power distribution of the pulses in soliton bunches pulse and (b) noise-like pulse for a pump power of 139 mW .

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