Abstract

Recently, there is increasing interest in utilizing Stokes vector receiver, which is a direct-detection technique with the capability to digitally track the polarization changes in fibers and decode information in multiple dimensions. Here, we report a monolithically integrated silicon photonic Stokes vector receiver, which consists of one polarization beam splitter, two polarization rotators, one 90-degree optical hybrid, and six germanium photodetectors. Paired with a silicon in-phase/quadrature modulator incorporating a power-tunable carrier in the orthogonal polarization, transmission at 128-Gb/s over 100-km fiber is achieved with direct detection.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (3)

2011 (1)

2006 (1)

P. J. Winzer and R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[Crossref]

Adamiecki, A.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, and F. Jorge, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC, 2015), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Amann, M.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Aroca, R.

P. Dong, X. Liu, C. Sethumadhavan, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, Y. Baeyens, and Y.-K. Chen, “224-Gb/s PDM-16-QAM modulator and receiver based on silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5C.6.
[Crossref]

Baeyens, Y.

P. Dong, X. Liu, C. Sethumadhavan, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, Y. Baeyens, and Y.-K. Chen, “224-Gb/s PDM-16-QAM modulator and receiver based on silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5C.6.
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

Buhl, L. L.

P. Dong, X. Liu, C. Sethumadhavan, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, Y. Baeyens, and Y.-K. Chen, “224-Gb/s PDM-16-QAM modulator and receiver based on silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5C.6.
[Crossref]

P. Dong, J. Lee, Y. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, “Four-channel 100-Gb/s per channel discrete multi-tone modulation using silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Cercós, S. S.

Chagnon, M.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD4.4.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s Direct Detection Transceiver using Intensity Modulation, Polarization Multiplexing, and Inter-Polarization Phase Modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.2.
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

P. Dong, J. Lee, Y. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, “Four-channel 100-Gb/s per channel discrete multi-tone modulation using silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Che, D.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for linear complex optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 678–684 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for linear complex optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 678–684 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

P. Dong, J. Lee, Y. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, “Four-channel 100-Gb/s per channel discrete multi-tone modulation using silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-K.

P. Dong, X. Liu, C. Sethumadhavan, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, Y. Baeyens, and Y.-K. Chen, “224-Gb/s PDM-16-QAM modulator and receiver based on silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5C.6.
[Crossref]

Cho, J.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, and F. Jorge, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC, 2015), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Dai, D.

Dong, P.

P. Dong, X. Liu, C. Sethumadhavan, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, Y. Baeyens, and Y.-K. Chen, “224-Gb/s PDM-16-QAM modulator and receiver based on silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5C.6.
[Crossref]

P. Dong, J. Lee, Y. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, “Four-channel 100-Gb/s per channel discrete multi-tone modulation using silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Drenski, T.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Essiambre, R.

P. J. Winzer and R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[Crossref]

Estaran, J.

J. Estaran, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto, M. Piels, M. I. Olmedo, and I. T. Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD.4.3.
[Crossref]

Estarán, J.

Fagertun, A. M.

Gagné, J.-F.

Hu, Q.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for linear complex optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 678–684 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.
[Crossref]

Jensen, J. B.

Jorge, F.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, and F. Jorge, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC, 2015), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Kawakami, S.

Kikuchi, K.

Kim, K.

P. Dong, J. Lee, Y. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, “Four-channel 100-Gb/s per channel discrete multi-tone modulation using silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Kögel, B.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Konczykowska, A.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, and F. Jorge, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC, 2015), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Lam, C. F.

C. F. Lam, H. Liu, and R. Urata, “What devices do data centers need?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2K.5.
[Crossref]

Latrasse, C.

Lee, J.

P. Dong, J. Lee, Y. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, “Four-channel 100-Gb/s per channel discrete multi-tone modulation using silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Lessard, S.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD4.4.

Li, A.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for linear complex optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 678–684 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.
[Crossref]

Li, L.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Liu, G. N.

L. Zhang, E. Zhou, Q. Zhang, X. Xu, G. N. Liu, and T. Zuo, “C-band single wavelength 100-Gb/s IM-DD transmission over 80-km SMF without CD compensation using SSB-DMT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th4A.2.
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

C. F. Lam, H. Liu, and R. Urata, “What devices do data centers need?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2K.5.
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

P. Dong, X. Liu, C. Sethumadhavan, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, Y. Baeyens, and Y.-K. Chen, “224-Gb/s PDM-16-QAM modulator and receiver based on silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5C.6.
[Crossref]

Maltz, D. A.

D. A. Maltz, “Scaling bottlenecks in data center networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper Tu2I.1.
[Crossref]

Matsuda, M.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

Monroy, I. T.

Morsy-Osman, M.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD4.4.

Neumeyr, C.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Nishihara, M.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Olmedo, M. I.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Estaran, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto, M. Piels, M. I. Olmedo, and I. T. Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD.4.3.
[Crossref]

Osman, M.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s Direct Detection Transceiver using Intensity Modulation, Polarization Multiplexing, and Inter-Polarization Phase Modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.2.
[Crossref]

Painchaud, Y.

Paquet, C.

Patel, D.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s Direct Detection Transceiver using Intensity Modulation, Polarization Multiplexing, and Inter-Polarization Phase Modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.2.
[Crossref]

Piels, M.

S. S. Cercós, M. Piels, J. Estarán, M. Usuga, E. Porto da Silva, A. M. Fagertun, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbps IM/DD links using quad-polarization: Performance, complexity, and power dissipation,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19954–19968 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Estaran, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto, M. Piels, M. I. Olmedo, and I. T. Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD.4.3.
[Crossref]

Pilori, D.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Plant, D.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s Direct Detection Transceiver using Intensity Modulation, Polarization Multiplexing, and Inter-Polarization Phase Modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.2.
[Crossref]

Plant, D. V.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD4.4.

Popov, S.

Porto, E.

J. Estaran, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto, M. Piels, M. I. Olmedo, and I. T. Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD.4.3.
[Crossref]

Porto da Silva, E.

Poulin, M.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, M. Poulin, C. Latrasse, J.-F. Gagné, Y. Painchaud, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. Plant, “Experimental study of 112 Gb/s short reach transmission employing PAM formats and SiP intensity modulator at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 21018–21036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD4.4.

Randel, S.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Rasmussen, J. C.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

Raybon, G.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, and F. Jorge, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC, 2015), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Samani, A.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s Direct Detection Transceiver using Intensity Modulation, Polarization Multiplexing, and Inter-Polarization Phase Modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.2.
[Crossref]

Sethumadhavan, C.

P. Dong, X. Liu, C. Sethumadhavan, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, Y. Baeyens, and Y.-K. Chen, “224-Gb/s PDM-16-QAM modulator and receiver based on silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5C.6.
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for linear complex optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 678–684 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.
[Crossref]

Sinsky, J. H.

P. Dong, J. Lee, Y. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, “Four-channel 100-Gb/s per channel discrete multi-tone modulation using silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

Spiga, S.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Takabayashi, K.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

Takahara, T.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Tanaka, T.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Tao, Z.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

Urata, R.

C. F. Lam, H. Liu, and R. Urata, “What devices do data centers need?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2K.5.
[Crossref]

Usuga, M.

Usuga, M. A.

J. Estaran, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto, M. Piels, M. I. Olmedo, and I. T. Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD.4.3.
[Crossref]

Veerasubramanian, V.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s Direct Detection Transceiver using Intensity Modulation, Polarization Multiplexing, and Inter-Polarization Phase Modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.2.
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “Stokes vector direct detection for linear complex optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 678–684 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.
[Crossref]

Winzer, P.

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, and F. Jorge, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC, 2015), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

P. J. Winzer and R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

Xie, C.

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

C. Xie, “optical interconnects in data centers,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (2015), paper ASu4C.1.
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, E. Zhou, Q. Zhang, X. Xu, G. N. Liu, and T. Zuo, “C-band single wavelength 100-Gb/s IM-DD transmission over 80-km SMF without CD compensation using SSB-DMT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th4A.2.
[Crossref]

Yan, W.

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, E. Zhou, Q. Zhang, X. Xu, G. N. Liu, and T. Zuo, “C-band single wavelength 100-Gb/s IM-DD transmission over 80-km SMF without CD compensation using SSB-DMT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th4A.2.
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

L. Zhang, E. Zhou, Q. Zhang, X. Xu, G. N. Liu, and T. Zuo, “C-band single wavelength 100-Gb/s IM-DD transmission over 80-km SMF without CD compensation using SSB-DMT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th4A.2.
[Crossref]

Zhong, Q.

Zhou, E.

L. Zhang, E. Zhou, Q. Zhang, X. Xu, G. N. Liu, and T. Zuo, “C-band single wavelength 100-Gb/s IM-DD transmission over 80-km SMF without CD compensation using SSB-DMT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th4A.2.
[Crossref]

Zuo, T.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, E. Zhou, Q. Zhang, X. Xu, G. N. Liu, and T. Zuo, “C-band single wavelength 100-Gb/s IM-DD transmission over 80-km SMF without CD compensation using SSB-DMT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th4A.2.
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (4)

Proc. IEEE (1)

P. J. Winzer and R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (19)

G. Raybon, A. Adamiecki, J. Cho, P. Winzer, A. Konczykowska, and F. Jorge, “Single-carrier all-ETDM 1.08-Terabit/s line rate PDM-64-QAM transmitter using a high-speed 3-bit multiplexing DAC,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC, 2015), pp. 1–2.
[Crossref]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper Th5C.7.
[Crossref]

J. Estaran, M. A. Usuga, E. Porto, M. Piels, M. I. Olmedo, and I. T. Monroy, “Quad-polarization transmission for high-capacity IM/DD links,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD.4.3.
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conf. Optical Communication (2014), paper PD4.4.

A. Li, Z. Li, Y. Wen, W. Peng, Y. Cui, and Y. Bai, "192-Gb/s 160-km Transmission of Carrier-Assisted Dual-Polarization Signal with Stokes Vector Direct Detection," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W1A.2.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s Direct Detection Transceiver using Intensity Modulation, Polarization Multiplexing, and Inter-Polarization Phase Modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.2.
[Crossref]

S. Kanazawa, H. Yamazaki, Y. Nakanishi, T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, Y. Ueda, W. Kobayashi, Y. Muramoto1, H. Ishii, and H. Sanjoh, “Transmission of 214-Gbit/s 4-PAM signal using an ultra-broadband lumped-electrode EADFB laser module,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th5B.3.

W. Yan, T. Tanaka, B. Liu, M. Nishihara, L. Li, T. Takahara, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, and T. Drenski, “100 Gb/s optical IM-DD transmission with 10G-class devices enabled by 65 GSamples/s CMOS DAC core,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OM3H.1.
[Crossref]

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30km SMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2I. 5.
[Crossref]

C. Xie, P. Dong, S. Randel, D. Pilori, P. J. Winzer, S. Spiga, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M. Amann, “Single-VCSEL 100-Gb/s short-reach system using discrete multi-tone modulation and direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Tu2H.2.
[Crossref]

P. Dong, J. Lee, Y. Chen, L. L. Buhl, S. Chandrasekhar, J. H. Sinsky, and K. Kim, “Four-channel 100-Gb/s per channel discrete multi-tone modulation using silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th5B.4.
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, E. Zhou, Q. Zhang, X. Xu, G. N. Liu, and T. Zuo, “C-band single wavelength 100-Gb/s IM-DD transmission over 80-km SMF without CD compensation using SSB-DMT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2015), paper Th4A.2.
[Crossref]

P. Dong, J. Lee, K. Kim, Y. Chen, and C. Gui, “Ten-channel discrete multi-tone modulation using silicon microring modulator array,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W4J.4.
[Crossref]

P. Dong, “Apparatus for providing polarization rotation”, United States patent US20140133796.

P. Dong, X. Liu, C. Sethumadhavan, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, Y. Baeyens, and Y.-K. Chen, “224-Gb/s PDM-16-QAM modulator and receiver based on silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper PDP5C.6.
[Crossref]

C. F. Lam, H. Liu, and R. Urata, “What devices do data centers need?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper M2K.5.
[Crossref]

C. Xie, “optical interconnects in data centers,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (2015), paper ASu4C.1.
[Crossref]

D. A. Maltz, “Scaling bottlenecks in data center networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2014), paper Tu2I.1.
[Crossref]

L. Pavesi and D. J. Lockwood, Silicon Photonics III, Systems and Applications, Berlin, Springer 2016.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Silicon photonic integrated circuits. (a) and (b) Optical circuit and photograph of SiPh SV receiver. (c) Photograph of a packaged SV receiver with PCBs and fiber. PBS: polarization beam splitter, PR: polarization rotator, PD: photodetector, MMI: multimode interference coupler, PCB: printed circuit board. (d) and (e) Optical circuit and photograph of a SiPh I/Q modulator with a power-tunable carrier in the orthogonal polarization. (f) Photograph of the packaged I/Q modulator chip with a PCB. TC: tunable coupler.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Fiber-to-PD responsivities. (a) Responsivity spectra of six PDs in the SV receiver, blue and red lines represent TE and TM, respectively. (b) Total responsivities for TE and TM inputs.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Transmission spectra of the SiPh modulator PIC when the input light is adjusted to CW path (blue) and modulator path (green). (b) Small-signal electro-optic (EO) frequency response of the silicon MZM under different reverse biases.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Optical setup to generate, transmit and detect a 32-Gbaud 16-QAM optical signal. (b) Flow chart of offline digital signal processing (DSP).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental results of 32-Gbaud 16-QAM modulation, detection and transmission. (a) BER versus OSNR for back-to-back (b2b) and 100 km. (b) and (c) Constellations for b2b and 100 km.

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