Abstract

Metal-insulator-metal metamaterial thermal emitters strongly radiate at multiple resonant wavelengths. The fundamental mode, whose wavelength is the longest among resonances, is generally utilized for selective emission. In this paper, we show that parasitic modes at shorter wavelengths are suppressed by newly employed densely-tiled resonators, and that the suppression enables quasi-monochromatic thermal emission. The second-order harmonics, which is excited at half the fundamental wavelength in conventional emitters, shifts toward shorter wavelength. The blue-shift reduces the amplitude of the second-order emission by taking a distance from the Wien wavelength. Other parasitic modes are eliminated by the small spacing between resonators. The densely-tiled resonators are fabricated, and the measured emission spectra agree well with numerical simulations. The methodology presented here for the suppression of parasitic modes adds flexibility to metamaterial thermal emitters.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Realization of narrowband thermal emission with optical nanostructures

Takuya Inoue, Menaka De Zoysa, Takashi Asano, and Susumu Noda
Optica 2(1) 27-35 (2015)

Polarization switching of thermal emissions based on plasmonic structures incorporating phase-changing material Ge2Sb2Te5

Yurui Qu, Qiang Li, Lu Cai, and Min Qiu
Opt. Mater. Express 8(8) 2312-2320 (2018)

Optical coupling and emission of metal-insulator confined circular resonators

Kai-Jun Che, Mei-Xin Lei, and Zhi-Ping Cai
Opt. Express 21(4) 4979-4985 (2013)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. T. Inoue, M. De Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13(10), 928–931 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. Ito, T. Matsui, and H. Iizuka, “Thermal emission control by evanescent wave coupling between guided mode of resonant grating and surface phonon polariton on silicon carbide plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051127 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, “Thermal radiation from two-dimensionally confined modes in microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(9), 1393–1395 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. Molesky, C. J. Dewalt, and Z. Jacob, “High temperature epsilon-near-zero and epsilon-near-pole metamaterial emitters for thermophotovoltaics,” Opt. Express 21(S1), A96–A110 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. C. M. Wang, Y. C. Chang, M. W. Tsai, Y. H. Ye, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Jiang, Y. T. Chang, S. C. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Reflection and emission properties of an infrared emitter,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14673–14678 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. B. J. Lee, L. P. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, “Coherent thermal emission by excitation of magnetic polaritons between periodic strips and a metallic film,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11328–11336 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfecct absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  14. I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(23), 233102 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  18. X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  20. P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. L. P. Wang and Z. M. Zhang, “Wavelength-selective and diffuse emitter enhanced by magnetic polaritons for thermophotovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063902 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. B. Zhao, L. Wang, Y. Shuai, and Z. M. Zhang, “Thermophotovoltaic emitters based on a two-dimensional grating/thin-film nanostructure,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 67, 637–645 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. H. T. Miyazaki, T. Kasaya, M. Iwanaga, B. Choi, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Sakoda, “Dual-band infrared metasurface thermal emitter for CO2 sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(12), 121107 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. W. Streyer, K. Feng, Y. Zhong, A. J. Hoffman, and D. Wasserman, “Selective absorbers and thermal emitters for far-infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081105 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(25), 251103 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  30. C. Ciracì, J. B. Lassiter, A. Moreau, and D. R. Smith, “Quasi-analytic study of scattering from optical plasmonic patch antennas,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163108 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  31. H. T. Chen, “Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7165–7172 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. J. Nath, S. Modak, I. Rezadad, D. Panjwani, F. Rezaie, J. W. Cleary, and R. E. Peale, “Far-infrared absorber based on standing-wave resonances in metal-dielectric-metal cavity,” Opt. Express 23(16), 20366–20380 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. K. Ito, H. Toshiyoshi, and H. Iizuka, “Metal-insulator-metal metamaterial absorbers consisting of proximity-coupled resonators with the control of the fundamental and the second-order frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 063101 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  34. A. Sakurai, B. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Resonant frequency and bandwidth of metamaterial emitters and absorbers predicted by an RLC circuit model,” J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Trans. 149, 33–40 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  35. A. D. Rakić, “Algorithm for the determination of intrinsic optical constants of metal films: application to aluminum,” Appl. Opt. 34(22), 4755–4767 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit-based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 61(3), 1201–1209 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

K. Ito, H. Toshiyoshi, and H. Iizuka, “Metal-insulator-metal metamaterial absorbers consisting of proximity-coupled resonators with the control of the fundamental and the second-order frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 063101 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

J. Nath, S. Modak, I. Rezadad, D. Panjwani, F. Rezaie, J. W. Cleary, and R. E. Peale, “Far-infrared absorber based on standing-wave resonances in metal-dielectric-metal cavity,” Opt. Express 23(16), 20366–20380 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Streyer, K. Feng, Y. Zhong, A. J. Hoffman, and D. Wasserman, “Selective absorbers and thermal emitters for far-infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081105 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(25), 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

H. T. Miyazaki, T. Kasaya, M. Iwanaga, B. Choi, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Sakoda, “Dual-band infrared metasurface thermal emitter for CO2 sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(12), 121107 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sakurai, B. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Resonant frequency and bandwidth of metamaterial emitters and absorbers predicted by an RLC circuit model,” J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Trans. 149, 33–40 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Inoue, M. De Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13(10), 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ito, T. Matsui, and H. Iizuka, “Thermal emission control by evanescent wave coupling between guided mode of resonant grating and surface phonon polariton on silicon carbide plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051127 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

S. Molesky, C. J. Dewalt, and Z. Jacob, “High temperature epsilon-near-zero and epsilon-near-pole metamaterial emitters for thermophotovoltaics,” Opt. Express 21(S1), A96–A110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhao, L. Wang, Y. Shuai, and Z. M. Zhang, “Thermophotovoltaic emitters based on a two-dimensional grating/thin-film nanostructure,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 67, 637–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Ciracì, J. B. Lassiter, A. Moreau, and D. R. Smith, “Quasi-analytic study of scattering from optical plasmonic patch antennas,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163108 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit-based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 61(3), 1201–1209 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

H. T. Chen, “Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7165–7172 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. P. Wang and Z. M. Zhang, “Wavelength-selective and diffuse emitter enhanced by magnetic polaritons for thermophotovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063902 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfecct absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(23), 233102 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. J. Lee, L. P. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, “Coherent thermal emission by excitation of magnetic polaritons between periodic strips and a metallic film,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11328–11336 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. M. Wang, Y. C. Chang, M. W. Tsai, Y. H. Ye, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Jiang, Y. T. Chang, S. C. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Reflection and emission properties of an infrared emitter,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14673–14678 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, “Thermal radiation from two-dimensionally confined modes in microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(9), 1393–1395 (2001).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

Anoma, M. A.

A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asano, T.

T. Inoue, M. De Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13(10), 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benisty, H.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bierman, D. M.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouchon, P.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(25), 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boutami, S.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Carminati, R.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Celanovic, I.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, W. R.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, P. E.

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y. C.

Chang, Y. T.

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. M. Wang, Y. C. Chang, M. W. Tsai, Y. H. Ye, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Jiang, Y. T. Chang, S. C. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Reflection and emission properties of an infrared emitter,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14673–14678 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. Y.

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. M. Wang, Y. C. Chang, M. W. Tsai, Y. H. Ye, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Jiang, Y. T. Chang, S. C. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Reflection and emission properties of an infrared emitter,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14673–14678 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. H.

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

Chen, K.

T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, B.

H. T. Miyazaki, T. Kasaya, M. Iwanaga, B. Choi, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Sakoda, “Dual-band infrared metasurface thermal emitter for CO2 sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(12), 121107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ciracì, C.

C. Ciracì, J. B. Lassiter, A. Moreau, and D. R. Smith, “Quasi-analytic study of scattering from optical plasmonic patch antennas,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cleary, J. W.

Costa, F.

F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit-based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 61(3), 1201–1209 (2013).
[Crossref]

Costantini, D.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Coutrot, A.-L.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dao, T. D.

T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
[Crossref]

De Zoysa, M.

T. Inoue, M. De Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13(10), 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dewalt, C. J.

Diem, M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfecct absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dowling, J. P.

M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
[Crossref]

Esashi, M.

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, “Thermal radiation from two-dimensionally confined modes in microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(9), 1393–1395 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, K.

W. Streyer, K. Feng, Y. Zhong, A. J. Hoffman, and D. Wasserman, “Selective absorbers and thermal emitters for far-infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Florescu, L.

M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
[Crossref]

Florescu, M.

M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fujimura, K.

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Genovesi, S.

F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit-based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 61(3), 1201–1209 (2013).
[Crossref]

Greffet, J. J.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greffet, J.-J.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Haïdar, R.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(25), 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hatade, K.

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hoffman, A. J.

W. Streyer, K. Feng, Y. Zhong, A. J. Hoffman, and D. Wasserman, “Selective absorbers and thermal emitters for far-infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hugonin, J.-P.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Iizuka, H.

K. Ito, H. Toshiyoshi, and H. Iizuka, “Metal-insulator-metal metamaterial absorbers consisting of proximity-coupled resonators with the control of the fundamental and the second-order frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 063101 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Ito, T. Matsui, and H. Iizuka, “Thermal emission control by evanescent wave coupling between guided mode of resonant grating and surface phonon polariton on silicon carbide plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051127 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ikeda, K.

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Inoue, T.

T. Inoue, M. De Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13(10), 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inoue, Y.

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ishii, S.

T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ito, K.

K. Ito, H. Toshiyoshi, and H. Iizuka, “Metal-insulator-metal metamaterial absorbers consisting of proximity-coupled resonators with the control of the fundamental and the second-order frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 063101 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Ito, T. Matsui, and H. Iizuka, “Thermal emission control by evanescent wave coupling between guided mode of resonant grating and surface phonon polariton on silicon carbide plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051127 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iwanaga, M.

H. T. Miyazaki, T. Kasaya, M. Iwanaga, B. Choi, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Sakoda, “Dual-band infrared metasurface thermal emitter for CO2 sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(12), 121107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jacob, Z.

Jaeck, J.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(25), 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y. W.

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. M. Wang, Y. C. Chang, M. W. Tsai, Y. H. Ye, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Jiang, Y. T. Chang, S. C. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Reflection and emission properties of an infrared emitter,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14673–14678 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

John, J.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jokerst, N. M.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Joulain, K.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanakugi, T.

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kasaya, T.

H. T. Miyazaki, T. Kasaya, M. Iwanaga, B. Choi, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Sakoda, “Dual-band infrared metasurface thermal emitter for CO2 sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(12), 121107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kashiwa, T.

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, “Thermal radiation from two-dimensionally confined modes in microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(9), 1393–1395 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kitagawa, S.

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kitajima, M.

T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
[Crossref]

Koechlin, C.

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koschny, T.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfecct absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lafosse, X.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lassiter, J. B.

C. Ciracì, J. B. Lassiter, A. Moreau, and D. R. Smith, “Quasi-analytic study of scattering from optical plasmonic patch antennas,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, B. J.

Lee, H.

M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. C.

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. M. Wang, Y. C. Chang, M. W. Tsai, Y. H. Ye, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Jiang, Y. T. Chang, S. C. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Reflection and emission properties of an infrared emitter,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14673–14678 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lefebvre, A.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lenert, A.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mainguy, S.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Makhsiyan, M.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(25), 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Manara, G.

F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit-based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 61(3), 1201–1209 (2013).
[Crossref]

Marquier, F.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Maruyama, S.

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, “Thermal radiation from two-dimensionally confined modes in microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(9), 1393–1395 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mason, J. A.

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Matsui, T.

K. Ito, T. Matsui, and H. Iizuka, “Thermal emission control by evanescent wave coupling between guided mode of resonant grating and surface phonon polariton on silicon carbide plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051127 (2014).
[Crossref]

Milder, A.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Miyazaki, H. T.

H. T. Miyazaki, T. Kasaya, M. Iwanaga, B. Choi, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Sakoda, “Dual-band infrared metasurface thermal emitter for CO2 sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(12), 121107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Modak, S.

Moldovan-Doyen, I.

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Molesky, S.

Monorchio, A.

F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit-based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 61(3), 1201–1209 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moreau, A.

C. Ciracì, J. B. Lassiter, A. Moreau, and D. R. Smith, “Quasi-analytic study of scattering from optical plasmonic patch antennas,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mulet, J. P.

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nabatame, T.

T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nagao, T.

T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nam, Y.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nath, J.

Neuner, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Noda, S.

T. Inoue, M. De Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13(10), 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohi, A.

T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
[Crossref]

Okada, M.

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Panjwani, D.

Pardo, F.

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Peale, R. E.

Pelouard, J. L.

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(25), 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pralle, M.

M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
[Crossref]

Puscasu, I.

I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(23), 233102 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rakic, A. D.

Raman, A. P.

A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rephaeli, E.

A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rezadad, I.

Rezaie, F.

Sakoda, K.

H. T. Miyazaki, T. Kasaya, M. Iwanaga, B. Choi, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Sakoda, “Dual-band infrared metasurface thermal emitter for CO2 sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(12), 121107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sakurai, A.

A. Sakurai, B. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Resonant frequency and bandwidth of metamaterial emitters and absorbers predicted by an RLC circuit model,” J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Trans. 149, 33–40 (2014).
[Crossref]

Savoy, S.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schaich, W. L.

I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(23), 233102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shuai, Y.

B. Zhao, L. Wang, Y. Shuai, and Z. M. Zhang, “Thermophotovoltaic emitters based on a two-dimensional grating/thin-film nanostructure,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 67, 637–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

C. Ciracì, J. B. Lassiter, A. Moreau, and D. R. Smith, “Quasi-analytic study of scattering from optical plasmonic patch antennas,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Smith, S.

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Soljacic, M.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfecct absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Streyer, W.

W. Streyer, K. Feng, Y. Zhong, A. J. Hoffman, and D. Wasserman, “Selective absorbers and thermal emitters for far-infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sugimoto, Y.

H. T. Miyazaki, T. Kasaya, M. Iwanaga, B. Choi, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Sakoda, “Dual-band infrared metasurface thermal emitter for CO2 sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(12), 121107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ting, D. Z.

M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
[Crossref]

Toshiyoshi, H.

K. Ito, H. Toshiyoshi, and H. Iizuka, “Metal-insulator-metal metamaterial absorbers consisting of proximity-coupled resonators with the control of the fundamental and the second-order frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 063101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

Tsai, M. W.

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. M. Wang, Y. C. Chang, M. W. Tsai, Y. H. Ye, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Jiang, Y. T. Chang, S. C. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Reflection and emission properties of an infrared emitter,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14673–14678 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tzuang, D. C.

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tzuang, L. D.

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. M.

Wang, E. N.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

B. Zhao, L. Wang, Y. Shuai, and Z. M. Zhang, “Thermophotovoltaic emitters based on a two-dimensional grating/thin-film nanostructure,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 67, 637–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. P.

L. P. Wang and Z. M. Zhang, “Wavelength-selective and diffuse emitter enhanced by magnetic polaritons for thermophotovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063902 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. J. Lee, L. P. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, “Coherent thermal emission by excitation of magnetic polaritons between periodic strips and a metallic film,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11328–11336 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wasserman, D.

W. Streyer, K. Feng, Y. Zhong, A. J. Hoffman, and D. Wasserman, “Selective absorbers and thermal emitters for far-infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081105 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. T.

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, K.

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ye, Y. H.

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. M. Wang, Y. C. Chang, M. W. Tsai, Y. H. Ye, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Jiang, Y. T. Chang, S. C. Lee, and D. P. Tsai, “Reflection and emission properties of an infrared emitter,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14673–14678 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yugami, H.

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, “Thermal radiation from two-dimensionally confined modes in microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(9), 1393–1395 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z. M.

A. Sakurai, B. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Resonant frequency and bandwidth of metamaterial emitters and absorbers predicted by an RLC circuit model,” J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Trans. 149, 33–40 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Zhao, L. Wang, Y. Shuai, and Z. M. Zhang, “Thermophotovoltaic emitters based on a two-dimensional grating/thin-film nanostructure,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 67, 637–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. P. Wang and Z. M. Zhang, “Wavelength-selective and diffuse emitter enhanced by magnetic polaritons for thermophotovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063902 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. J. Lee, L. P. Wang, and Z. M. Zhang, “Coherent thermal emission by excitation of magnetic polaritons between periodic strips and a metallic film,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11328–11336 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, B.

A. Sakurai, B. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Resonant frequency and bandwidth of metamaterial emitters and absorbers predicted by an RLC circuit model,” J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Trans. 149, 33–40 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Zhao, L. Wang, Y. Shuai, and Z. M. Zhang, “Thermophotovoltaic emitters based on a two-dimensional grating/thin-film nanostructure,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 67, 637–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhong, Y.

W. Streyer, K. Feng, Y. Zhong, A. J. Hoffman, and D. Wasserman, “Selective absorbers and thermal emitters for far-infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L.

A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zollars, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

T. D. Dao, K. Chen, S. Ishii, A. Ohi, T. Nabatame, M. Kitajima, and T. Nagao, “Infrared perfect absorbers fabricated by colloidal mask etching of Al–Al2O3–Al trilayers,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 964–970 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (13)

M. Makhsiyan, P. Bouchon, J. Jaeck, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Shaping the spatial and spectral emissivity at the diffraction limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(25), 251103 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. T. Miyazaki, T. Kasaya, M. Iwanaga, B. Choi, Y. Sugimoto, and K. Sakoda, “Dual-band infrared metasurface thermal emitter for CO2 sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(12), 121107 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Streyer, K. Feng, Y. Zhong, A. J. Hoffman, and D. Wasserman, “Selective absorbers and thermal emitters for far-infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081105 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. P. Wang and Z. M. Zhang, “Wavelength-selective and diffuse emitter enhanced by magnetic polaritons for thermophotovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063902 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Ito, T. Matsui, and H. Iizuka, “Thermal emission control by evanescent wave coupling between guided mode of resonant grating and surface phonon polariton on silicon carbide plate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051127 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Maruyama, T. Kashiwa, H. Yugami, and M. Esashi, “Thermal radiation from two-dimensionally confined modes in microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(9), 1393–1395 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. T. Miyazaki, K. Ikeda, T. Kasaya, K. Yamamoto, Y. Inoue, K. Fujimura, T. Kanakugi, M. Okada, K. Hatade, and S. Kitagawa, “Thermal emission of two-color polarized infrared waves from integrated plasmon cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(14), 141114 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Puscasu and W. L. Schaich, “Narrow-band, tunable infrared emission from arrays of microstrip patches,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(23), 233102 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. E. Chang, Y. W. Jiang, H. H. Chen, Y. T. Chang, Y. T. Wu, L. D. Tzuang, Y. H. Ye, and S. C. Lee, “Wavelength selective plasmonic thermal emitter by polarization utilizing Fabry-Pérot type resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073111 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Ye, Y. W. Jiang, M. W. Tsai, Y. T. Chang, C. Y. Chen, D. C. Tzuang, Y. T. Wu, and S. C. Lee, “Localized surface plasmon polaritons in Ag/SiO2/Ag plasmonic thermal emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(3), 033113 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

F. Costa, S. Genovesi, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, “A circuit-based model for the interpretation of perfect metamaterial absorbers,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 61(3), 1201–1209 (2013).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer (1)

B. Zhao, L. Wang, Y. Shuai, and Z. M. Zhang, “Thermophotovoltaic emitters based on a two-dimensional grating/thin-film nanostructure,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 67, 637–645 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

C. Ciracì, J. B. Lassiter, A. Moreau, and D. R. Smith, “Quasi-analytic study of scattering from optical plasmonic patch antennas,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163108 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Ito, H. Toshiyoshi, and H. Iizuka, “Metal-insulator-metal metamaterial absorbers consisting of proximity-coupled resonators with the control of the fundamental and the second-order frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 063101 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Trans. (1)

A. Sakurai, B. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Resonant frequency and bandwidth of metamaterial emitters and absorbers predicted by an RLC circuit model,” J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Trans. 149, 33–40 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

T. Inoue, M. De Zoysa, T. Asano, and S. Noda, “Realization of dynamic thermal emission control,” Nat. Mater. 13(10), 928–931 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J. P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Appl. (1)

D. Costantini, A. Lefebvre, A.-L. Coutrot, I. Moldovan-Doyen, J.-P. Hugonin, S. Boutami, F. Marquier, H. Benisty, and J.-J. Greffet, “Plasmonic metasurface for directional and frequency-selective thermal emission,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 4(1), 014023 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfecct absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

M. Florescu, H. Lee, I. Puscasu, M. Pralle, L. Florescu, D. Z. Ting, and J. P. Dowling, “Improving solar cell efficiency using photonic band-gap materials,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 91(17), 1599–1610 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Unpolarized MIM thermal emitters. (a) Conventional MIM metamaterial. The geometrical parameters are: p = 1.96 μm, w = l = 1.26 μm, gx = gy = 0.70 μm, h = 0.10 μm, and d = 0.13 μm. The permittivities of the media are set as εd = 3.422 and εm = 1 – fp2/(f2 + iγf), where f is the frequency, fp = 3570 THz, and γ = 19.26 THz [35]. θ is defined as the angle between the emission and the z-axis. (b) Thermal emission spectra of the conventional MIM metamaterial at a temperature of 400 K. The emissivity of the metamaterial was simulated by CST microwave studio. Emission angles: 0°, 30°, and 60°. The vertical dashed gray lines represent the fundamental wavelength and half the fundamental wavelength. The dotted gray curves show the emission from a blackbody at a temperature of 400 K, which corresponds to the Planck distribution. (c) Densely-tiled MIM metamaterial. The geometrical parameters are: p = 0.89 μm, w = l = 0.87 μm, gx = gy = 0.02 μm, h = 0.10 μm, and d = 0.09 μm. (d) Thermal emission spectra of the densely-tiled MIM metamaterial.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 P- and s-polarized angular emissivity in the wavelength range from 3 μm to 15 μm. (a) Conventional MIM metamaterial. (b) Densely-tiled MIM metamaterial. Fund., 2nd, 3rd, and SPP denote the fundamental mode, the second-order harmonics, the third-order harmonics, and surface plasmon polariton, respectively. The right hand side of the panel shows emissivity in p-polarization and the left hand side shows that in s-polarization.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Magnetic field snapshot at the interface of the top metal square and the dielectric layer in the densely-tiled resonators. (a) Fundamental mode, 9.99 μm, 30°, p-polarization. (b) Second-order mode, 3.66 μm, 30°, p-polarization. Four periods are shown because the emission at an oblique angle is considered and the phase relationship between neighboring resontaors is important. P, E, B denote the directions of the poynting vector, electric filed, magnetic field of emission, respectively. The poynting vector is in the xz-plane. Pink arrows schematically represent the directions of the magnetic fields.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Magnetic field snapshot of the parasitic modes in the conventional metamaterial. (a) Mode A, 4.27 μm, 0°, p-polarization. (b) Mode B, 6.40 μm, 30°, s-polarization.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Emissivity profile at an angle of 60° in p-polarization as a function of (a) gx, (b) gy, and (c) g = gx = gy. The horizontal axis is log scale. Other geometrical parameters are: w = l = 1.26 μm, h = 0.10 μm, and d = 0.13 μm. The gap gy in (a) and the gap gx in (b) are kept at 0.70 μm. Half the fundamental wavelengths are plotted as blue curves.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Fabricated MIM thermal emitters. (a) SEM image of the conventional resonators. (b) Zoom-up of the model utilized in numerical simulations. (c) SEM image of the densely-tiled resonators. (d) Thermal emission spectra of the conventional resonators. (e) Thermal emission spectra of the densely-tiled resonators. The emission angle is 50° and emitter temperatures are 400 K. The red solid and the blue dashed curves are measured and simulated emission spectra, respectively. The vertical dashed gray lines represent the fundamental wavelength and half the fundamental wavelength. The dotted gray curves show the emission from a blackbody at a temperature of 400 K. In the numerical simulations, the permittivities are εd = 13 + 1i and εm = 1 – fp2/(f2 + iγf), where fp = 3570 THz and γ = 19.26 THz. The geometrical parameters of the conventional resonators are: p = 2.25 μm, w = l = 1.33 μm, gx = gy = 0.92 μm, h = 0.10 μm, and d = 0.25 μm. The dielectric layer is overetched with a depth of dOv = 0.15 μm. The width wNOv of the non-overetched area around the aluminum patch is 0.07 μm. The geometrical parameters for the densely-tiled resonators are: p = 1.25 μm, w = l = 1.05 μm, gx = gy = 0.20 μm, h = 0.10 μm, d = 0.25 μm, and dOv = wNOv = 0.07 μm. These parameters are consistent with SEM images.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Measured resonant wavelength of the fundamental and the second-order modes as a function of the nominal gap. The dashed gray curve represents half the fundamental wavelength. (b) SEM image of the MIM metamaterial with a nominal gap of 0.1 μm. The actual gap width is retrieved as 0.05 μm from the image.

Metrics