Abstract

Results of this study demonstrated that electroless nickel-phosphorus (NiP) plated metal substrate is an excellent material for producing large aspherical neutron-focusing supermirrors. A large plano-elliptical neutron-focusing supermirror comprising two metallic segments was fabricated using single-point diamond cutting, precision polishing and supermirror coating. The average surface roughness of the metallic substrates was approximately 0.3 nm rms. For evaluation, the focusing supermirror was installed at the SOFIA neutron reflectometer, showing high neutron reflectivity and giving minimal beam width of 0.34 mm in FWHM. Because of the large beam divergence accepted by the mirror, the count rate with the focusing mirror was 3.3 times higher than that obtained using conventional two-slit collimation.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. http://www.j-tec.co.jp/english/index.html
  24. M. Hino, T. Oda, M. Kitaguchi, N. L. Yamada, S. Tasaki, and Y. Kawabata, “The ion beam sputtering facility at KURRI: coatings for advanced neutron optical devices,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 747(1), 265270 (2015).
  25. R. Cubitt, T. Saerbeck, R. A. Campbell, R. Barker, and P. Gutfreund, “An improved algorithm for reducing reflectometry data involving divergent beams or non-flat samples,” J. Appl. Cryst. 48(6), 2006–2011 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

J. Guo, Y. Yamagata, S. Y. Morita, S. Takeda, J. Kato, M. Hino, and M. Furusaka, “Figure correction of a metallic ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hino, T. Oda, M. Kitaguchi, N. L. Yamada, S. Tasaki, and Y. Kawabata, “The ion beam sputtering facility at KURRI: coatings for advanced neutron optical devices,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 747(1), 265270 (2015).

R. Cubitt, T. Saerbeck, R. A. Campbell, R. Barker, and P. Gutfreund, “An improved algorithm for reducing reflectometry data involving divergent beams or non-flat samples,” J. Appl. Cryst. 48(6), 2006–2011 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Liu, B. Khaykovich, M. V. Gubarev, J. Lee Robertson, L. Crow, B. D. Ramsey, and D. E. Moncton, “Demonstration of a novel focusing small-angle neutron scattering instrument equipped with axisymmetric mirrors,” Nat. Commun. 4(2556), 2556 (2013).
[PubMed]

2012 (1)

T. Tabata, M. Nagano, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Figuring of aspherical metal mirror substrate for neutron focusing by numerically controlled electrochemical machining,” Key Eng. Mater. 523–524, 29–33 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

M. Nagano, F. Yamaga, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Development of fabrication process for aspherical neutron focusing mirror using numerically controlled local wet etching with low-pressure polishing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 634(1), S112–S116 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

C. Schanzer, P. Böni, and M. Schneider, “High Performance Supermirrors on Metallic Substrates,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 251(1), 012082 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

T. Oku, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, R. Pynn, and H. M. Shimizu, “Pulsed neutron beam control using a magnetic multiplet lens,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 600(1), 100–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Yamamura, M. Nagano, H. Takai, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and S. Shimada, “Figuring of plano-elliptical neutron focusing mirror by local wet etching,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6414–6420 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

Y. Namba, T. Shimomura, A. Fushiki, A. Beaucamp, I. Inasaki, H. Kunieda, Y. Ogasaka, and K. Yamashita, “Ultra-precision polishing of electroless nickel molding dies for shorter wavelength applications,” Ann. CIRP 57(1), 337–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Pramanik, K. S. Neo, M. Rahman, X. P. Li, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Ultra-precision turning of electroless-nickel: Effect of phosphorus contents, depth-of-cut and rake angle,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 208(1–3), 400–408 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

K. M. Rezaur Rahman, M. Rahman, K. S. Neo, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Microgrooving on electroless nickel plated materials using a single crystal diamond tool,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 27(9), 911–917 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

G. E. Ice, C. R. Hubbard, B. C. Larson, J. W. Pang, J. D. Budai, S. Pooner, and S. C. Vogel, “Kirkpatrick–Baez microfocusing optics for thermal neutrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 539(1–2), 312–320 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. F. R. Mildner, B. Hammouda, and S. R. Kline, “A refractive focusing lens system for small-angle neutron scattering,” J. Appl. Cryst. 38(6), 979–987 (2005).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

P. L. Gammel, M. R. Eskildsen, E. D. Isaacs, C. Detlefs, K. Mortensen, and D. J. Bishop, “Compound refractive optics for the imaging and focusing of low-energy neutrons,” Nature 391(6667), 563–566 (1998).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

B. Alefeld, D. Schwahn, and T. Springer, “New developments of small angle neutron scattering instruments with focusing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274(1), 210–216 (1989).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

P. D. Kearney, A. G. Klein, G. I. Opat, and R. Gähler, “Imaging and focusing of neutrons by a zone plate,” Nature 287(5780), 313–314 (1980).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

F. Mezei, “Novel polarized neutron devices: supermirror and spin component amplifier,” Commun. Phys. 1(3), 81–85 (1976).

Alefeld, B.

B. Alefeld, D. Schwahn, and T. Springer, “New developments of small angle neutron scattering instruments with focusing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274(1), 210–216 (1989).
[Crossref]

Arita, H.

K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barker, R.

R. Cubitt, T. Saerbeck, R. A. Campbell, R. Barker, and P. Gutfreund, “An improved algorithm for reducing reflectometry data involving divergent beams or non-flat samples,” J. Appl. Cryst. 48(6), 2006–2011 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beaucamp, A.

Y. Namba, T. Shimomura, A. Fushiki, A. Beaucamp, I. Inasaki, H. Kunieda, Y. Ogasaka, and K. Yamashita, “Ultra-precision polishing of electroless nickel molding dies for shorter wavelength applications,” Ann. CIRP 57(1), 337–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bishop, D. J.

P. L. Gammel, M. R. Eskildsen, E. D. Isaacs, C. Detlefs, K. Mortensen, and D. J. Bishop, “Compound refractive optics for the imaging and focusing of low-energy neutrons,” Nature 391(6667), 563–566 (1998).
[Crossref]

Böni, P.

C. Schanzer, P. Böni, and M. Schneider, “High Performance Supermirrors on Metallic Substrates,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 251(1), 012082 (2010).
[Crossref]

Budai, J. D.

G. E. Ice, C. R. Hubbard, B. C. Larson, J. W. Pang, J. D. Budai, S. Pooner, and S. C. Vogel, “Kirkpatrick–Baez microfocusing optics for thermal neutrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 539(1–2), 312–320 (2005).
[Crossref]

Campbell, R. A.

R. Cubitt, T. Saerbeck, R. A. Campbell, R. Barker, and P. Gutfreund, “An improved algorithm for reducing reflectometry data involving divergent beams or non-flat samples,” J. Appl. Cryst. 48(6), 2006–2011 (2015).
[Crossref]

Crow, L.

D. Liu, B. Khaykovich, M. V. Gubarev, J. Lee Robertson, L. Crow, B. D. Ramsey, and D. E. Moncton, “Demonstration of a novel focusing small-angle neutron scattering instrument equipped with axisymmetric mirrors,” Nat. Commun. 4(2556), 2556 (2013).
[PubMed]

Cubitt, R.

R. Cubitt, T. Saerbeck, R. A. Campbell, R. Barker, and P. Gutfreund, “An improved algorithm for reducing reflectometry data involving divergent beams or non-flat samples,” J. Appl. Cryst. 48(6), 2006–2011 (2015).
[Crossref]

Detlefs, C.

P. L. Gammel, M. R. Eskildsen, E. D. Isaacs, C. Detlefs, K. Mortensen, and D. J. Bishop, “Compound refractive optics for the imaging and focusing of low-energy neutrons,” Nature 391(6667), 563–566 (1998).
[Crossref]

Eskildsen, M. R.

P. L. Gammel, M. R. Eskildsen, E. D. Isaacs, C. Detlefs, K. Mortensen, and D. J. Bishop, “Compound refractive optics for the imaging and focusing of low-energy neutrons,” Nature 391(6667), 563–566 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, T.

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Furusaka, M.

J. Guo, Y. Yamagata, S. Y. Morita, S. Takeda, J. Kato, M. Hino, and M. Furusaka, “Figure correction of a metallic ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, S. Takeda, S. Y. Morita, M. Hino, T. Oda, J. Kato, Y. Yamagata, and M. Furusaka, “New fabrication method for an ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror with a metal substrate,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24666–24677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Fushiki, A.

Y. Namba, T. Shimomura, A. Fushiki, A. Beaucamp, I. Inasaki, H. Kunieda, Y. Ogasaka, and K. Yamashita, “Ultra-precision polishing of electroless nickel molding dies for shorter wavelength applications,” Ann. CIRP 57(1), 337–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gähler, R.

P. D. Kearney, A. G. Klein, G. I. Opat, and R. Gähler, “Imaging and focusing of neutrons by a zone plate,” Nature 287(5780), 313–314 (1980).
[Crossref]

Gammel, P. L.

P. L. Gammel, M. R. Eskildsen, E. D. Isaacs, C. Detlefs, K. Mortensen, and D. J. Bishop, “Compound refractive optics for the imaging and focusing of low-energy neutrons,” Nature 391(6667), 563–566 (1998).
[Crossref]

Goko, S.

K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Gubarev, M. V.

D. Liu, B. Khaykovich, M. V. Gubarev, J. Lee Robertson, L. Crow, B. D. Ramsey, and D. E. Moncton, “Demonstration of a novel focusing small-angle neutron scattering instrument equipped with axisymmetric mirrors,” Nat. Commun. 4(2556), 2556 (2013).
[PubMed]

Guo, J.

J. Guo, Y. Yamagata, S. Y. Morita, S. Takeda, J. Kato, M. Hino, and M. Furusaka, “Figure correction of a metallic ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, S. Takeda, S. Y. Morita, M. Hino, T. Oda, J. Kato, Y. Yamagata, and M. Furusaka, “New fabrication method for an ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror with a metal substrate,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24666–24677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gutfreund, P.

R. Cubitt, T. Saerbeck, R. A. Campbell, R. Barker, and P. Gutfreund, “An improved algorithm for reducing reflectometry data involving divergent beams or non-flat samples,” J. Appl. Cryst. 48(6), 2006–2011 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hammouda, B.

D. F. R. Mildner, B. Hammouda, and S. R. Kline, “A refractive focusing lens system for small-angle neutron scattering,” J. Appl. Cryst. 38(6), 979–987 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hino, M.

J. Guo, Y. Yamagata, S. Y. Morita, S. Takeda, J. Kato, M. Hino, and M. Furusaka, “Figure correction of a metallic ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hino, T. Oda, M. Kitaguchi, N. L. Yamada, S. Tasaki, and Y. Kawabata, “The ion beam sputtering facility at KURRI: coatings for advanced neutron optical devices,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 747(1), 265270 (2015).

J. Guo, S. Takeda, S. Y. Morita, M. Hino, T. Oda, J. Kato, Y. Yamagata, and M. Furusaka, “New fabrication method for an ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror with a metal substrate,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24666–24677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Hubbard, C. R.

G. E. Ice, C. R. Hubbard, B. C. Larson, J. W. Pang, J. D. Budai, S. Pooner, and S. C. Vogel, “Kirkpatrick–Baez microfocusing optics for thermal neutrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 539(1–2), 312–320 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ice, G. E.

G. E. Ice, C. R. Hubbard, B. C. Larson, J. W. Pang, J. D. Budai, S. Pooner, and S. C. Vogel, “Kirkpatrick–Baez microfocusing optics for thermal neutrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 539(1–2), 312–320 (2005).
[Crossref]

Inasaki, I.

Y. Namba, T. Shimomura, A. Fushiki, A. Beaucamp, I. Inasaki, H. Kunieda, Y. Ogasaka, and K. Yamashita, “Ultra-precision polishing of electroless nickel molding dies for shorter wavelength applications,” Ann. CIRP 57(1), 337–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

Isaacs, E. D.

P. L. Gammel, M. R. Eskildsen, E. D. Isaacs, C. Detlefs, K. Mortensen, and D. J. Bishop, “Compound refractive optics for the imaging and focusing of low-energy neutrons,” Nature 391(6667), 563–566 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jinnai, H.

K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kato, J.

J. Guo, Y. Yamagata, S. Y. Morita, S. Takeda, J. Kato, M. Hino, and M. Furusaka, “Figure correction of a metallic ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, S. Takeda, S. Y. Morita, M. Hino, T. Oda, J. Kato, Y. Yamagata, and M. Furusaka, “New fabrication method for an ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror with a metal substrate,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24666–24677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawabata, Y.

M. Hino, T. Oda, M. Kitaguchi, N. L. Yamada, S. Tasaki, and Y. Kawabata, “The ion beam sputtering facility at KURRI: coatings for advanced neutron optical devices,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 747(1), 265270 (2015).

Kearney, P. D.

P. D. Kearney, A. G. Klein, G. I. Opat, and R. Gähler, “Imaging and focusing of neutrons by a zone plate,” Nature 287(5780), 313–314 (1980).
[Crossref]

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D. Liu, B. Khaykovich, M. V. Gubarev, J. Lee Robertson, L. Crow, B. D. Ramsey, and D. E. Moncton, “Demonstration of a novel focusing small-angle neutron scattering instrument equipped with axisymmetric mirrors,” Nat. Commun. 4(2556), 2556 (2013).
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[Crossref]

M. Nagano, F. Yamaga, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Development of fabrication process for aspherical neutron focusing mirror using numerically controlled local wet etching with low-pressure polishing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 634(1), S112–S116 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Yamamura, M. Nagano, H. Takai, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and S. Shimada, “Figuring of plano-elliptical neutron focusing mirror by local wet etching,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6414–6420 (2009).
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A. Pramanik, K. S. Neo, M. Rahman, X. P. Li, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Ultra-precision turning of electroless-nickel: Effect of phosphorus contents, depth-of-cut and rake angle,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 208(1–3), 400–408 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. M. Rezaur Rahman, M. Rahman, K. S. Neo, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Microgrooving on electroless nickel plated materials using a single crystal diamond tool,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 27(9), 911–917 (2006).
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M. Hino, T. Oda, M. Kitaguchi, N. L. Yamada, S. Tasaki, and Y. Kawabata, “The ion beam sputtering facility at KURRI: coatings for advanced neutron optical devices,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 747(1), 265270 (2015).

J. Guo, S. Takeda, S. Y. Morita, M. Hino, T. Oda, J. Kato, Y. Yamagata, and M. Furusaka, “New fabrication method for an ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror with a metal substrate,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24666–24677 (2014).
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K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
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N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

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Y. Namba, T. Shimomura, A. Fushiki, A. Beaucamp, I. Inasaki, H. Kunieda, Y. Ogasaka, and K. Yamashita, “Ultra-precision polishing of electroless nickel molding dies for shorter wavelength applications,” Ann. CIRP 57(1), 337–340 (2008).
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G. E. Ice, C. R. Hubbard, B. C. Larson, J. W. Pang, J. D. Budai, S. Pooner, and S. C. Vogel, “Kirkpatrick–Baez microfocusing optics for thermal neutrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 539(1–2), 312–320 (2005).
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T. Oku, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, R. Pynn, and H. M. Shimizu, “Pulsed neutron beam control using a magnetic multiplet lens,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 600(1), 100–102 (2009).
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A. Pramanik, K. S. Neo, M. Rahman, X. P. Li, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Ultra-precision turning of electroless-nickel: Effect of phosphorus contents, depth-of-cut and rake angle,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 208(1–3), 400–408 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. M. Rezaur Rahman, M. Rahman, K. S. Neo, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Microgrooving on electroless nickel plated materials using a single crystal diamond tool,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 27(9), 911–917 (2006).
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D. Liu, B. Khaykovich, M. V. Gubarev, J. Lee Robertson, L. Crow, B. D. Ramsey, and D. E. Moncton, “Demonstration of a novel focusing small-angle neutron scattering instrument equipped with axisymmetric mirrors,” Nat. Commun. 4(2556), 2556 (2013).
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K. M. Rezaur Rahman, M. Rahman, K. S. Neo, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Microgrooving on electroless nickel plated materials using a single crystal diamond tool,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 27(9), 911–917 (2006).
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K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

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K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Sawa, M.

A. Pramanik, K. S. Neo, M. Rahman, X. P. Li, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Ultra-precision turning of electroless-nickel: Effect of phosphorus contents, depth-of-cut and rake angle,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 208(1–3), 400–408 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. M. Rezaur Rahman, M. Rahman, K. S. Neo, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Microgrooving on electroless nickel plated materials using a single crystal diamond tool,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 27(9), 911–917 (2006).
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K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Shimada, S.

Shimizu, H. M.

T. Oku, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, R. Pynn, and H. M. Shimizu, “Pulsed neutron beam control using a magnetic multiplet lens,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 600(1), 100–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Y. Namba, T. Shimomura, A. Fushiki, A. Beaucamp, I. Inasaki, H. Kunieda, Y. Ogasaka, and K. Yamashita, “Ultra-precision polishing of electroless nickel molding dies for shorter wavelength applications,” Ann. CIRP 57(1), 337–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

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T. Oku, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, R. Pynn, and H. M. Shimizu, “Pulsed neutron beam control using a magnetic multiplet lens,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 600(1), 100–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Soyama, K.

T. Tabata, M. Nagano, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Figuring of aspherical metal mirror substrate for neutron focusing by numerically controlled electrochemical machining,” Key Eng. Mater. 523–524, 29–33 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Nagano, F. Yamaga, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Development of fabrication process for aspherical neutron focusing mirror using numerically controlled local wet etching with low-pressure polishing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 634(1), S112–S116 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Yamamura, M. Nagano, H. Takai, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and S. Shimada, “Figuring of plano-elliptical neutron focusing mirror by local wet etching,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6414–6420 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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B. Alefeld, D. Schwahn, and T. Springer, “New developments of small angle neutron scattering instruments with focusing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274(1), 210–216 (1989).
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N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

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T. Oku, T. Shinohara, J. Suzuki, R. Pynn, and H. M. Shimizu, “Pulsed neutron beam control using a magnetic multiplet lens,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 600(1), 100–102 (2009).
[Crossref]

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T. Tabata, M. Nagano, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Figuring of aspherical metal mirror substrate for neutron focusing by numerically controlled electrochemical machining,” Key Eng. Mater. 523–524, 29–33 (2012).
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K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Takahashi, H.

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Takai, H.

Takeda, S.

J. Guo, Y. Yamagata, S. Y. Morita, S. Takeda, J. Kato, M. Hino, and M. Furusaka, “Figure correction of a metallic ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, S. Takeda, S. Y. Morita, M. Hino, T. Oda, J. Kato, Y. Yamagata, and M. Furusaka, “New fabrication method for an ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror with a metal substrate,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24666–24677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. Hino, T. Oda, M. Kitaguchi, N. L. Yamada, S. Tasaki, and Y. Kawabata, “The ion beam sputtering facility at KURRI: coatings for advanced neutron optical devices,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 747(1), 265270 (2015).

Terada, M.

K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

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K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Vogel, S. C.

G. E. Ice, C. R. Hubbard, B. C. Larson, J. W. Pang, J. D. Budai, S. Pooner, and S. C. Vogel, “Kirkpatrick–Baez microfocusing optics for thermal neutrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 539(1–2), 312–320 (2005).
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Yamada, N. L.

M. Hino, T. Oda, M. Kitaguchi, N. L. Yamada, S. Tasaki, and Y. Kawabata, “The ion beam sputtering facility at KURRI: coatings for advanced neutron optical devices,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 747(1), 265270 (2015).

K. Mitamura, N. L. Yamada, H. Sagehashi, N. Torikai, H. Arita, M. Terada, M. Kobayashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, H. Jinnai, and A. Takahara, “Novel neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF for in-situ soft-interface characterization,” Polym. J. 45(1), 100–108 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Yamaga, F.

M. Nagano, F. Yamaga, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Development of fabrication process for aspherical neutron focusing mirror using numerically controlled local wet etching with low-pressure polishing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 634(1), S112–S116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamagata, Y.

J. Guo, Y. Yamagata, S. Y. Morita, S. Takeda, J. Kato, M. Hino, and M. Furusaka, “Figure correction of a metallic ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, S. Takeda, S. Y. Morita, M. Hino, T. Oda, J. Kato, Y. Yamagata, and M. Furusaka, “New fabrication method for an ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror with a metal substrate,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24666–24677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamura, K.

T. Tabata, M. Nagano, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Figuring of aspherical metal mirror substrate for neutron focusing by numerically controlled electrochemical machining,” Key Eng. Mater. 523–524, 29–33 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Nagano, F. Yamaga, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Development of fabrication process for aspherical neutron focusing mirror using numerically controlled local wet etching with low-pressure polishing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 634(1), S112–S116 (2011).
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K. Yamamura, M. Nagano, H. Takai, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and S. Shimada, “Figuring of plano-elliptical neutron focusing mirror by local wet etching,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6414–6420 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamashita, K.

Y. Namba, T. Shimomura, A. Fushiki, A. Beaucamp, I. Inasaki, H. Kunieda, Y. Ogasaka, and K. Yamashita, “Ultra-precision polishing of electroless nickel molding dies for shorter wavelength applications,” Ann. CIRP 57(1), 337–340 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yamazaki, D.

T. Tabata, M. Nagano, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Figuring of aspherical metal mirror substrate for neutron focusing by numerically controlled electrochemical machining,” Key Eng. Mater. 523–524, 29–33 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Nagano, F. Yamaga, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Development of fabrication process for aspherical neutron focusing mirror using numerically controlled local wet etching with low-pressure polishing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 634(1), S112–S116 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Yamamura, M. Nagano, H. Takai, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and S. Shimada, “Figuring of plano-elliptical neutron focusing mirror by local wet etching,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6414–6420 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zettsu, N.

M. Nagano, F. Yamaga, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Development of fabrication process for aspherical neutron focusing mirror using numerically controlled local wet etching with low-pressure polishing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 634(1), S112–S116 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Yamamura, M. Nagano, H. Takai, N. Zettsu, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and S. Shimada, “Figuring of plano-elliptical neutron focusing mirror by local wet etching,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6414–6420 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ann. CIRP (1)

Y. Namba, T. Shimomura, A. Fushiki, A. Beaucamp, I. Inasaki, H. Kunieda, Y. Ogasaka, and K. Yamashita, “Ultra-precision polishing of electroless nickel molding dies for shorter wavelength applications,” Ann. CIRP 57(1), 337–340 (2008).
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Commun. Phys. (1)

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Euro. Phys. J. (1)

N. L. Yamada, N. Torikai, K. Mitamura, H. Sagehashi, S. Sato, H. Seto, T. Sugita, S. Goko, M. Furusaka, T. Oda, M. Hino, T. Fujiwara, H. Takahashi, and A. Takahara, “Design and performance of horizontal-type neutron reflectometer SOFIA at J-PARC/MLF,” Euro. Phys. J. 126(11), 1–13 (2011).

Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. (1)

K. M. Rezaur Rahman, M. Rahman, K. S. Neo, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Microgrooving on electroless nickel plated materials using a single crystal diamond tool,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 27(9), 911–917 (2006).
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J. Appl. Cryst. (2)

R. Cubitt, T. Saerbeck, R. A. Campbell, R. Barker, and P. Gutfreund, “An improved algorithm for reducing reflectometry data involving divergent beams or non-flat samples,” J. Appl. Cryst. 48(6), 2006–2011 (2015).
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J. Mater. Process. Technol. (1)

A. Pramanik, K. S. Neo, M. Rahman, X. P. Li, M. Sawa, and Y. Maeda, “Ultra-precision turning of electroless-nickel: Effect of phosphorus contents, depth-of-cut and rake angle,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 208(1–3), 400–408 (2008).
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Key Eng. Mater. (1)

T. Tabata, M. Nagano, D. Yamazaki, R. Maruyama, K. Soyama, and K. Yamamura, “Figuring of aspherical metal mirror substrate for neutron focusing by numerically controlled electrochemical machining,” Key Eng. Mater. 523–524, 29–33 (2012).
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Nat. Commun. (1)

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Nature (2)

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J. Guo, Y. Yamagata, S. Y. Morita, S. Takeda, J. Kato, M. Hino, and M. Furusaka, “Figure correction of a metallic ellipsoidal neutron focusing mirror,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(6), 063108 (2015).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic layout of SOFIA for the 2.2° inclined beamline.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Base plates designed to fix mirror segments for installation (a) and for manufacturing (b). For installation, the mirror segments are fixed on a long base plate to form the figure (a). For manufacturing, the mirror segments are fixed on a wide base plate so that the mirror segments are set side by side (b).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Surface roughness measured using a white light interferometer (New View 7200; Zygo Corp.) before and after UPC and polishing processes. (a) Surface roughness immediately after UPC processing. Low frequency profile errors along the cutting direction were removed. The surface roughness was reduced to approx. 17 nm rms. (b) Surface roughness after fine polishing processing. Profile errors with high frequencies along the cutting direction as well as the cutting marks from the UPC process have been removed. Surface roughness was reduced to approx. 0.33 nm rms.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The shape figure error and slope error after mirror assembly. Colors of the lines in the graph correspond to the lines in the illustration above.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Details of neutron reflectometry experiment. (a) Top view of the mirror set on the sample stage. The neutron beam was collimated to irradiate a small area (15 × 15 mm2) on the mirror surface. The mirror was shifted in the y-direction to irradiate 10 areas of the mirror. (b) Result of the neutron reflectometry experiment. The red line is for a representative area that showed rather high reflectivity. The blue line shows a representative area showing rather low reflectivity. The black line shows the average neutron reflectivity of the 10 measured locations.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental layout at SOFIA with focusing optics. The initial beam was reflected by the focusing mirror and was focused to the center of the sample. The mirror was set such that the mirror surface was facing downwards
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Vertical (z-axis) projection of reflected beam at the focal point. The black line shows the experimental value. The red line shows the Gauss fitted curve.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Calculation of beam spread because of figure error. (a) Model for calculating the beam width from the slope error of the mirror surface. (b) Frequency histogram of calculated shift length at focal point. The histogram was calculated for all seven lines shown in Fig. 4. The histogram averaged for all seven lines. The black line shows the calculated value. The red line shows the fitted Gaussian curve used to calculate the FWHM.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Reflectivity profiles obtained using neutron reflectometry measurements with and without a focusing mirror. The red line shows the reflectivity profile measured using conventional two-slit configuration without the focusing mirror and the blue line with the focusing mirror.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical conditions for reflectivity measurements with and without the focusing mirror

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