Abstract

We demonstrate flexible small molecular solar cells on periodically patterned plastic substrate (LCD display film) using a highly transparent poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) electrode with flexible thin atomic layer deposited (ALD) AlOx top and bottom encapsulation. The organic photovoltaic device (OPV) on this display film shows a power conversion efficiency of 7.48%, which is a 13.0% improvement as compared to a device fabricated on a planar poly-ethylen-terephtalate (PET) substrate (6.62%) and even higher than the efficiency of a device using planar glass substrate (7.15%). The improvement is mainly due to an enhanced harvesting of photons with wavelengths shorter than 500 nm. Moreover, the fully encapsulated device is sufficiently flexible to withstand a bending with a 10 mm radius for more than 50 cycles at ambient condition. These results indicate that the use of standard optical display films is a cheap, simple and efficient way to increase the photocurrent and overall efficiency of organic photovoltaic devices.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. J. Kim, G. Y. Margulis, S.-B. Rim, M. L. Brongersma, M. D. McGehee, and P. Peumans, “Geometric light trapping with a V-trap for efficient organic solar cells,” Opt. Express 21(S3), A305–A312 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Zhang, B. Jia, and M. Gu, “Biomimetic and plasmonic hybrid light trapping for highly efficient ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 24(6), A506–A514 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Y. Chen, M. H. Yu, C. Y. Chang, Y. H. Chao, K. W. Sun, and C. S. Hsu, “Enhanced performance of organic thin film solar cells using electrodes with nanoimprinted light-diffraction and light-diffusion structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6164–6169 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. Tvingstedt, S. Dal Zilio, O. Inganäs, and M. Tormen, “Trapping light with micro lenses in thin film organic photovoltaic cells,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21608–21615 (2008).
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  7. J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. K. S. Nalwa, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, and S. Chaudhary, “On Realizing Higher Efficiency Polymer Solar Cells Using a Textured Substrate Platform,” Adv. Mater. 23(1), 112–116 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. G. Park, Y. Kim, J. Yi, J. Kwon, J. Park, S. Kim, B. Kim, J. Shin, and H. Soh, “Enhancement of the Optical Performance by Optimization of Optical Sheets in Direct-illumination LCD Backlight,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13(1), 152–157 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. F. J. Haug, T. Soderstrom, M. Python, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, X. Niquille, and C. Ballif, “Development of micromorph tandem solar cells on flexible low-cost plastic substrates,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97(6-7), 884–887 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Niggemann, M. Glatthaar, P. Lewer, C. Müller, J. Wagner, and A. Gombert, “Functional microprism substrate for organic solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 511–512, 628–633 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  15. Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. R. Meerheim, C. Körner, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic multi-junction solar cells with a thiophene based donor material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(6), 063306 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. H. Kim, J. Lee, S. Hofmann, M. C. Gather, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “Achieving High Efficiency and Improved Stability in ITO-Free Transparent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Conductive Polymer Electrodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(30), 3763–3769 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “M.l L. MacHala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp and K. Leo, “Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(6), 1076–1081 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  21. K. Walzer, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic devices based on electrically doped transport layers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1233–1271 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

2016 (3)

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Y. Zhang, B. Jia, and M. Gu, “Biomimetic and plasmonic hybrid light trapping for highly efficient ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 24(6), A506–A514 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

J. Y. Chen, M. H. Yu, C. Y. Chang, Y. H. Chao, K. W. Sun, and C. S. Hsu, “Enhanced performance of organic thin film solar cells using electrodes with nanoimprinted light-diffraction and light-diffusion structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6164–6169 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Meerheim, C. Körner, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic multi-junction solar cells with a thiophene based donor material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(6), 063306 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Y. H. Kim, J. Lee, S. Hofmann, M. C. Gather, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “Achieving High Efficiency and Improved Stability in ITO-Free Transparent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Conductive Polymer Electrodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(30), 3763–3769 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. J. Kim, G. Y. Margulis, S.-B. Rim, M. L. Brongersma, M. D. McGehee, and P. Peumans, “Geometric light trapping with a V-trap for efficient organic solar cells,” Opt. Express 21(S3), A305–A312 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

K. S. Nalwa, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, and S. Chaudhary, “On Realizing Higher Efficiency Polymer Solar Cells Using a Textured Substrate Platform,” Adv. Mater. 23(1), 112–116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “M.l L. MacHala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp and K. Leo, “Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(6), 1076–1081 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

F. J. Haug, T. Soderstrom, M. Python, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, X. Niquille, and C. Ballif, “Development of micromorph tandem solar cells on flexible low-cost plastic substrates,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97(6-7), 884–887 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Park, Y. Kim, J. Yi, J. Kwon, J. Park, S. Kim, B. Kim, J. Shin, and H. Soh, “Enhancement of the Optical Performance by Optimization of Optical Sheets in Direct-illumination LCD Backlight,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13(1), 152–157 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

K. Walzer, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic devices based on electrically doped transport layers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1233–1271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. Niggemann, M. Glatthaar, P. Lewer, C. Müller, J. Wagner, and A. Gombert, “Functional microprism substrate for organic solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 511–512, 628–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
[Crossref]

Andreu, J.

J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
[Crossref]

Asensi, J. M.

J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
[Crossref]

Baek, S.-W.

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ballif, C.

F. J. Haug, T. Soderstrom, M. Python, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, X. Niquille, and C. Ballif, “Development of micromorph tandem solar cells on flexible low-cost plastic substrates,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97(6-7), 884–887 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bäuerle, P.

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benduhn, J.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bertomeu, J.

J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bessonov, A.

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bormann, L.

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Brongersma, M. L.

Cao, W. R.

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cassidy, V.

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. Y.

J. Y. Chen, M. H. Yu, C. Y. Chang, Y. H. Chao, K. W. Sun, and C. S. Hsu, “Enhanced performance of organic thin film solar cells using electrodes with nanoimprinted light-diffraction and light-diffusion structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6164–6169 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chao, Y. H.

J. Y. Chen, M. H. Yu, C. Y. Chang, Y. H. Chao, K. W. Sun, and C. S. Hsu, “Enhanced performance of organic thin film solar cells using electrodes with nanoimprinted light-diffraction and light-diffusion structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6164–6169 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaudhary, S.

K. S. Nalwa, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, and S. Chaudhary, “On Realizing Higher Efficiency Polymer Solar Cells Using a Textured Substrate Platform,” Adv. Mater. 23(1), 112–116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J. Y.

J. Y. Chen, M. H. Yu, C. Y. Chang, Y. H. Chao, K. W. Sun, and C. S. Hsu, “Enhanced performance of organic thin film solar cells using electrodes with nanoimprinted light-diffraction and light-diffusion structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6164–6169 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cho, C.

C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cho, Y.

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choi, H.-J.

C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Czyrska-Filemonowicz, A.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dal Zilio, S.

Eckardt, S.

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eom, S. H.

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Escarré, J.

J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
[Crossref]

Eychmeuller, A

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Fitzner, R.

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fonrodona, M.

J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
[Crossref]

Friederich, P.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gather, M. C.

Y. H. Kim, J. Lee, S. Hofmann, M. C. Gather, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “Achieving High Efficiency and Improved Stability in ITO-Free Transparent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Conductive Polymer Electrodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(30), 3763–3769 (2013).
[Crossref]

Glatthaar, M.

M. Niggemann, M. Glatthaar, P. Lewer, C. Müller, J. Wagner, and A. Gombert, “Functional microprism substrate for organic solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 511–512, 628–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gombert, A.

M. Niggemann, M. Glatthaar, P. Lewer, C. Müller, J. Wagner, and A. Gombert, “Functional microprism substrate for organic solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 511–512, 628–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gu, M.

Han, D.

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Haug, F. J.

F. J. Haug, T. Soderstrom, M. Python, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, X. Niquille, and C. Ballif, “Development of micromorph tandem solar cells on flexible low-cost plastic substrates,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97(6-7), 884–887 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hein, M. P.

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, K. M.

K. S. Nalwa, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, and S. Chaudhary, “On Realizing Higher Efficiency Polymer Solar Cells Using a Textured Substrate Platform,” Adv. Mater. 23(1), 112–116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofmann, S.

Y. H. Kim, J. Lee, S. Hofmann, M. C. Gather, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “Achieving High Efficiency and Improved Stability in ITO-Free Transparent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Conductive Polymer Electrodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(30), 3763–3769 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holzmueller, F.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hsu, C. S.

J. Y. Chen, M. H. Yu, C. Y. Chang, Y. H. Chao, K. W. Sun, and C. S. Hsu, “Enhanced performance of organic thin film solar cells using electrodes with nanoimprinted light-diffraction and light-diffusion structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6164–6169 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Z.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, F.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hwang, E.-S.

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

Inganäs, O.

Janonis, V.

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeon, E.-C.

C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jeong, S.

C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jia, B.

Jung, S.-J.

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kan, B.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kažukauskas, V.

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B.

C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Park, Y. Kim, J. Yi, J. Kwon, J. Park, S. Kim, B. Kim, J. Shin, and H. Soh, “Enhancement of the Optical Performance by Optimization of Optical Sheets in Direct-illumination LCD Backlight,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13(1), 152–157 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

Kim, S. J.

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y. H.

Y. H. Kim, J. Lee, S. Hofmann, M. C. Gather, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “Achieving High Efficiency and Improved Stability in ITO-Free Transparent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Conductive Polymer Electrodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(30), 3763–3769 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “M.l L. MacHala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp and K. Leo, “Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(6), 1076–1081 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koerner, C.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Körner, C.

R. Meerheim, C. Körner, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic multi-junction solar cells with a thiophene based donor material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(6), 063306 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kwon, J.

Lasagni, A. F.

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

Y. H. Kim, J. Lee, S. Hofmann, M. C. Gather, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “Achieving High Efficiency and Improved Stability in ITO-Free Transparent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Conductive Polymer Electrodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(30), 3763–3769 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.-W.

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.-Y.

C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

Leo, K

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Leo, K.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Meerheim, C. Körner, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic multi-junction solar cells with a thiophene based donor material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(6), 063306 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Kim, J. Lee, S. Hofmann, M. C. Gather, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “Achieving High Efficiency and Improved Stability in ITO-Free Transparent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Conductive Polymer Electrodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(30), 3763–3769 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “M.l L. MacHala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp and K. Leo, “Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(6), 1076–1081 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Walzer, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic devices based on electrically doped transport layers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1233–1271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lewer, P.

M. Niggemann, M. Glatthaar, P. Lewer, C. Müller, J. Wagner, and A. Gombert, “Functional microprism substrate for organic solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 511–512, 628–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, Z.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Long, G.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Machala, M. L.

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “M.l L. MacHala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp and K. Leo, “Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(6), 1076–1081 (2011).
[Crossref]

Maennig, B.

K. Walzer, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic devices based on electrically doped transport layers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1233–1271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Margulis, G. Y.

May, C.

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “M.l L. MacHala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp and K. Leo, “Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(6), 1076–1081 (2011).
[Crossref]

McGehee, M. D.

Meerheim, R.

R. Meerheim, C. Körner, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic multi-junction solar cells with a thiophene based donor material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(6), 063306 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meuller-Meskamp, L

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Moench, T.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Müller, C.

M. Niggemann, M. Glatthaar, P. Lewer, C. Müller, J. Wagner, and A. Gombert, “Functional microprism substrate for organic solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 511–512, 628–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Müller-Meskamp, L.

Y. H. Kim, J. Lee, S. Hofmann, M. C. Gather, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “Achieving High Efficiency and Improved Stability in ITO-Free Transparent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Conductive Polymer Electrodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(30), 3763–3769 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “M.l L. MacHala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp and K. Leo, “Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(6), 1076–1081 (2011).
[Crossref]

Myers, J. D.

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nalwa, K. S.

K. S. Nalwa, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, and S. Chaudhary, “On Realizing Higher Efficiency Polymer Solar Cells Using a Textured Substrate Platform,” Adv. Mater. 23(1), 112–116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nehm, F.

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Ni, W.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Niggemann, M.

M. Niggemann, M. Glatthaar, P. Lewer, C. Müller, J. Wagner, and A. Gombert, “Functional microprism substrate for organic solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 511–512, 628–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nikolis, V. C.

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Niquille, X.

F. J. Haug, T. Soderstrom, M. Python, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, X. Niquille, and C. Ballif, “Development of micromorph tandem solar cells on flexible low-cost plastic substrates,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97(6-7), 884–887 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, E.-A.

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

Park, G.

Park, J.

Park, J. M.

K. S. Nalwa, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, and S. Chaudhary, “On Realizing Higher Efficiency Polymer Solar Cells Using a Textured Substrate Platform,” Adv. Mater. 23(1), 112–116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, Y.

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peumans, P.

Pfeiffer, M.

K. Walzer, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic devices based on electrically doped transport layers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1233–1271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Python, M.

F. J. Haug, T. Soderstrom, M. Python, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, X. Niquille, and C. Ballif, “Development of micromorph tandem solar cells on flexible low-cost plastic substrates,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97(6-7), 884–887 (2009).
[Crossref]

Riede, M.

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rim, S.-B.

Roch, T.

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, T. P.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rutkowski, B.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sachse, C.

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “M.l L. MacHala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp and K. Leo, “Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(6), 1076–1081 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sakavicius, A.

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scholz, R.

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Selzer, F

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Seo, J.-W.

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shin, J.

Shin, M.

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shin, N.

C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Soderstrom, T.

F. J. Haug, T. Soderstrom, M. Python, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, X. Niquille, and C. Ballif, “Development of micromorph tandem solar cells on flexible low-cost plastic substrates,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97(6-7), 884–887 (2009).
[Crossref]

Soh, H.

Soler, D.

J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
[Crossref]

Strunk, T.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, K. W.

J. Y. Chen, M. H. Yu, C. Y. Chang, Y. H. Chao, K. W. Sun, and C. S. Hsu, “Enhanced performance of organic thin film solar cells using electrodes with nanoimprinted light-diffraction and light-diffusion structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6164–6169 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Terrazzoni-Daudrix, V.

F. J. Haug, T. Soderstrom, M. Python, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, X. Niquille, and C. Ballif, “Development of micromorph tandem solar cells on flexible low-cost plastic substrates,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97(6-7), 884–887 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tormen, M.

Tvingstedt, K.

Vandewal, K

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Vandewal, K.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Villar, F.

J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wagner, J.

M. Niggemann, M. Glatthaar, P. Lewer, C. Müller, J. Wagner, and A. Gombert, “Functional microprism substrate for organic solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 511–512, 628–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Walzer, K.

K. Walzer, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic devices based on electrically doped transport layers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1233–1271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, X.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

WeiSS, N

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Wenzel, W.

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xue, J. G.

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, L. Q.

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yi, J.

Yoo, S.

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

You, W.

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, M. H.

J. Y. Chen, M. H. Yu, C. Y. Chang, Y. H. Chao, K. W. Sun, and C. S. Hsu, “Enhanced performance of organic thin film solar cells using electrodes with nanoimprinted light-diffraction and light-diffusion structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6164–6169 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhou, R. J.

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zuo, Y.

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

J. Y. Chen, M. H. Yu, C. Y. Chang, Y. H. Chao, K. W. Sun, and C. S. Hsu, “Enhanced performance of organic thin film solar cells using electrodes with nanoimprinted light-diffraction and light-diffusion structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6164–6169 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Energy Mater. (2)

T. Moench, P. Friederich, F. Holzmueller, B. Rutkowski, J. Benduhn, T. Strunk, C. Koerner, K. Vandewal, A. Czyrska-Filemonowicz, W. Wenzel, and K. Leo, “Influence of meso and nanoscale structure on the properties of highly efficient small molecule solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6(4), 1501280 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Bormann, F. Nehm, N WeiSS, V. C. Nikolis, F Selzer, A Eychmeuller, L Meuller-Meskamp, K Vandewal, and K Leo, “Degradation of sexithiophene cascade organic solar cells,” Adv. Energy Mater. 6, 1502432 (2016).

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

Y. H. Kim, J. Lee, S. Hofmann, M. C. Gather, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “Achieving High Efficiency and Improved Stability in ITO-Free Transparent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Conductive Polymer Electrodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(30), 3763–3769 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp, and K. Leo, “M.l L. MacHala, C. May, L. Müller-Meskamp and K. Leo, “Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cells,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(6), 1076–1081 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

L. Müller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, “Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Fabricating Periodic Surface Textures using Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 906–910 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Nalwa, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, and S. Chaudhary, “On Realizing Higher Efficiency Polymer Solar Cells Using a Textured Substrate Platform,” Adv. Mater. 23(1), 112–116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

C. Cho, S. Jeong, H.-J. Choi, N. Shin, B. Kim, E.-C. Jeon, and J.-Y. Lee, “Toward Perfect Light Trapping in Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells: Full Utilization of the Dual Characteristics of Light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(12), 1697–1702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Meerheim, C. Körner, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic multi-junction solar cells with a thiophene based donor material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(6), 063306 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

K. Walzer, B. Maennig, M. Pfeiffer, and K. Leo, “Highly efficient organic devices based on electrically doped transport layers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1233–1271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ChemPhysChem (1)

C. Koerner, M. P. Hein, V. Kažukauskas, A. Sakavičius, V. Janonis, R. Fitzner, P. Bäuerle, K. Leo, and M. Riede, “Correlation between Temperature Activation of charge-Carrier Generation Efficiency and Hole Mobility in Small-Molecule Donor Materials,” ChemPhysChem 15(6), 1049–1055 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Energy Environ. Sci. (1)

J. D. Myers, W. R. Cao, V. Cassidy, S. H. Eom, R. J. Zhou, L. Q. Yang, W. You, and J. G. Xue, “A universal optical approach to enhancing efficiency of organic-based photovoltaic devices,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(5), 6900–6904 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

Q. Zhang, B. Kan, F. Liu, G. Long, X. Wan, X. Chen, Y. Zuo, W. Ni, H. Zhang, M. Li, Z. Hu, F. Huang, Y. Cao, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, T. P. Russell, and Y. Chen, “Small-molecule solar cells with efficiency over 9%,” Nat. Photonics 9(1), 35–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (4)

A. Bessonov, Y. Cho, S.-J. Jung, E.-A. Park, E.-S. Hwang, J.-W. Lee, M. Shin, and S. Lee, “Nanoimprint patterning for tunable light trapping in large-area silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2886–2892 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Cho, H. Kim, S. Jeong, S.-W. Baek, J.-W. Seo, D. Han, K. Kim, Y. Park, S. Yoo, and J.-Y. Lee, “Random and V-groove texturing for efficient light trapping in organic photovoltaic cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. J. Haug, T. Soderstrom, M. Python, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, X. Niquille, and C. Ballif, “Development of micromorph tandem solar cells on flexible low-cost plastic substrates,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 97(6-7), 884–887 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Escarré, F. Villar, M. Fonrodona, D. Soler, J. M. Asensi, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Optical analysis of textured plastic substrates to be used in thin silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87(1-4), 333–341 (2005).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

M. Niggemann, M. Glatthaar, P. Lewer, C. Müller, J. Wagner, and A. Gombert, “Functional microprism substrate for organic solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 511–512, 628–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 SEM images of prism structure (a), scattering particle on display film (b),organic layers on scattering side (c) and half-peeled organic layers on scattering side (d). And schematics of display film (e) and prism structure (f).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Optical microscope image (a) and AFM image of scattering side of display film before preparing OPV device (b) and after building OPV device on scattering side (c). The profile of scattering particle without OPV (d) and with OPV (e).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical properties of display film. (a) Total transmittance and reflection spectra of display film, (b) Angular distribution of light measured by goniometer with white light and (c) photo images of dispersed light with the straight forward white light and (d) normal stand light.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Performance characteristics of OPV devices on display film and planar PET. (a) J-V curves with schematic of OPV device and (b) EQE spectra.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Normalized performance of OPV device after bending cycles (a) and schematic of device on display film with encapsulation.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The roughness of each surface from Fig. 2

Tables Icon

Table 2 Photovoltaic performance parameters of OPV devices on display film and planar PET (more than 4 samples are measured for each conditions).

Metrics