Abstract

We demonstrate a simple reconfigurable metasurface with multiple functions. Anisotropic tiles are investigated and manufactured as fundamental elements. Then, the tiles are combined in a certain sequence to construct a metasurface. Each of the tiles can be adjusted independently which is like a jigsaw puzzle and the whole metasurface can achieve diverse functions by different layouts. For demonstration purposes, we realize polarization conversion, anomalous reflection and diffusion by a jigsaw puzzle metasurface with 6 × 6 pieces of anisotropic tile. Simulated and measured results prove that our method offers a simple and effective strategy for metasurface design.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Reconfigurable metasurface for multiple functions: magnitude, polarization and phase modulation

Yulong Zhou, Xiangyu Cao, Jun Gao, Huanhuan Yang, and Sijia Li
Opt. Express 26(22) 29451-29459 (2018)

Design of bifunctional metasurface based on independent control of transmission and reflection

Yaqiang Zhuang, Guangming Wang, Tong Cai, and Qingfeng Zhang
Opt. Express 26(3) 3594-3603 (2018)

Flexible manipulation of terahertz wave reflection using polarization insensitive coding metasurfaces

Li Jiu-sheng, Zhao Ze-jiang, and Yao Jian-quan
Opt. Express 25(24) 29983-29992 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Reflection phase characterizations of the EBG ground plane for low profile wire antenna applications,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(10), 2691–2703 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Polarization-dependent electromagnetic band gap (PDEBG) structures: designs and applications,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(6), 439–444 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra-wideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Y. Yin, X. Wan, Q. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra wideband polarization-selective conversions of electromagnetic waves by metasurface under large-range incident angles,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12476 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband circular and linear polarization conversions realized by thin birefringent reflective metasurfaces,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(8), 1717–1724 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. X. Ma, C. Huang, M. Pu, C. Hu, Q. Feng, and X. Luo, “Multi-band circular polarizer using planar spiral metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 20(14), 16050–16058 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Y. Shi, A. X. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. X. Li, and Y. S. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic Waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. X. M. Ding, H. Yu, S. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Wu, K. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Ultra-thin metasurface for controlling electromagnetic wave with broad bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 51(11), 2501104 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 129–132 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. S. Li, J. Gao, X. Cao, Z. Zhang, Y. Zheng, and C. Zhang, “Multiband and broadband polarization-insensitive perfect absorber devices based on a tunable and thin double split-ring metamaterial,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3523–3533 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. Y. Zhang, R. Mittra, B. Z. Wang, and N. T. Huang, “AMCs for ultra-thin and broadband RAM design,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 484–485 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  30. X. M. Yang, G. L. Jiang, X. G. Liu, and C. X. Weng, “Suppression of specular reflections by metasurface with engineered nonuniform distribution of reflection phase,” Int. J. Antennas Propag. 5, 560403 (2015).
  31. K. Wang, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, D. S. Dong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband and broad-angle low-scattering metasurface based on hybrid optimization algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5935 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  32. X. M. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Diffuse reflections by randomly gradient index metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 808–810 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  34. Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  36. L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  37. T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  38. C. Della Giovampaola and N. Engheta, “Digital metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1115–1121 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (9)

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. M. Yang, G. L. Jiang, X. G. Liu, and C. X. Weng, “Suppression of specular reflections by metasurface with engineered nonuniform distribution of reflection phase,” Int. J. Antennas Propag. 5, 560403 (2015).

S. Li, J. Gao, X. Cao, Z. Zhang, Y. Zheng, and C. Zhang, “Multiband and broadband polarization-insensitive perfect absorber devices based on a tunable and thin double split-ring metamaterial,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3523–3533 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra-wideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Yin, X. Wan, Q. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra wideband polarization-selective conversions of electromagnetic waves by metasurface under large-range incident angles,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12476 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Ding, H. Yu, S. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Wu, K. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Ultra-thin metasurface for controlling electromagnetic wave with broad bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 51(11), 2501104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (9)

Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Shi, A. X. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. X. Li, and Y. S. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband circular and linear polarization conversions realized by thin birefringent reflective metasurfaces,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(8), 1717–1724 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, D. S. Dong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband and broad-angle low-scattering metasurface based on hybrid optimization algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5935 (2014).
[PubMed]

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Della Giovampaola and N. Engheta, “Digital metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1115–1121 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, C. Huang, M. Pu, C. Hu, Q. Feng, and X. Luo, “Multi-band circular polarizer using planar spiral metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 20(14), 16050–16058 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic Waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

Y. Zhang, R. Mittra, B. Z. Wang, and N. T. Huang, “AMCs for ultra-thin and broadband RAM design,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 484–485 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Polarization-dependent electromagnetic band gap (PDEBG) structures: designs and applications,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(6), 439–444 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Reflection phase characterizations of the EBG ground plane for low profile wire antenna applications,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(10), 2691–2703 (2003).
[Crossref]

Abbott, D.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

An, Z. H.

J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhaskaran, M.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butun, S.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, B.

Cao, W. P.

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra-wideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, X.

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Li, J. Gao, X. Cao, Z. Zhang, Y. Zheng, and C. Zhang, “Multiband and broadband polarization-insensitive perfect absorber devices based on a tunable and thin double split-ring metamaterial,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3523–3533 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. B.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J. W.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, T. Y.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W.

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W. T.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z. H.

J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, B. H.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Q.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, D. S. Dong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband and broad-angle low-scattering metasurface based on hybrid optimization algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5935 (2014).
[PubMed]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Diffuse reflections by randomly gradient index metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 808–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y. Z.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, D. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, T. J.

J. Y. Yin, X. Wan, Q. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra wideband polarization-selective conversions of electromagnetic waves by metasurface under large-range incident angles,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12476 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra-wideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, D. S. Dong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband and broad-angle low-scattering metasurface based on hybrid optimization algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5935 (2014).
[PubMed]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband circular and linear polarization conversions realized by thin birefringent reflective metasurfaces,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(8), 1717–1724 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic Waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Diffuse reflections by randomly gradient index metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 808–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dalvit, D. A. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Della Giovampaola, C.

C. Della Giovampaola and N. Engheta, “Digital metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1115–1121 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, X. M.

X. M. Ding, H. Yu, S. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Wu, K. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Ultra-thin metasurface for controlling electromagnetic wave with broad bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 51(11), 2501104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dong, D. S.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, D. S. Dong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband and broad-angle low-scattering metasurface based on hybrid optimization algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5935 (2014).
[PubMed]

Edalati, A.

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

Emani, N. K.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Engheta, N.

C. Della Giovampaola and N. Engheta, “Digital metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1115–1121 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Z.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Feng, M. D.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feng, Q.

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J.

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Li, J. Gao, X. Cao, Z. Zhang, Y. Zheng, and C. Zhang, “Multiband and broadband polarization-insensitive perfect absorber devices based on a tunable and thin double split-ring metamaterial,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3523–3533 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, L. H.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, X.

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra-wideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, R. Z.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grady, N. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, G. Y.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, T.

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, T. C.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, X.

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra-wideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hao, J. M.

J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

He, Q.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic Waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Headland, D.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Heyes, J. E.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, W. L.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, C.

Huang, C.

Huang, L. R.

Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, N. T.

Y. Zhang, R. Mittra, B. Z. Wang, and N. T. Huang, “AMCs for ultra-thin and broadband RAM design,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 484–485 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huang, X. Q.

J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. W.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, G. L.

X. M. Yang, G. L. Jiang, X. G. Liu, and C. X. Weng, “Suppression of specular reflections by metasurface with engineered nonuniform distribution of reflection phase,” Int. J. Antennas Propag. 5, 560403 (2015).

Jiang, W. X.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y. S.

H. Y. Shi, A. X. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. X. Li, and Y. S. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jin, B. B.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Juan, T. K.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kats, M. A.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, G. S.

Kravchenko, I. I.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kundtz, N.

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 129–132 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kung, W. T.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

Li, H. O.

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra-wideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J. X.

H. Y. Shi, A. X. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. X. Li, and Y. S. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

Li, X.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic Waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z. W.

Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, L. J.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liao, C. Y.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. W.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X. G.

X. M. Yang, G. L. Jiang, X. G. Liu, and C. X. Weng, “Suppression of specular reflections by metasurface with engineered nonuniform distribution of reflection phase,” Int. J. Antennas Propag. 5, 560403 (2015).

Lu, K.

Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

Ma, H.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, H. F.

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra-wideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband circular and linear polarization conversions realized by thin birefringent reflective metasurfaces,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(8), 1717–1724 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Diffuse reflections by randomly gradient index metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 808–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, S. J.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

Min, L.

Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mittra, R.

Y. Zhang, R. Mittra, B. Z. Wang, and N. T. Huang, “AMCs for ultra-thin and broadband RAM design,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 484–485 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mo, W. D.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moitra, P.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ni, X.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nie, Y.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Palacios, E.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pu, M.

Qi, M. Q.

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C. W.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, M.

J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

Qu, S. B.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rahmat-Samii, Y.

F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Polarization-dependent electromagnetic band gap (PDEBG) structures: designs and applications,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(6), 439–444 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Reflection phase characterizations of the EBG ground plane for low profile wire antenna applications,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(10), 2691–2703 (2003).
[Crossref]

Reiten, M. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, Q. J.

J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarabandi, K.

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, X.

Shi, H. Y.

H. Y. Shi, A. X. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. X. Li, and Y. S. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 129–132 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sriram, S.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, G.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y. L.

Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetienne, J. P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, D. P.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Upadhyay, A.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Valentine, J.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, X.

J. Y. Yin, X. Wan, Q. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra wideband polarization-selective conversions of electromagnetic waves by metasurface under large-range incident angles,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12476 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, B. Z.

Y. Zhang, R. Mittra, B. Z. Wang, and N. T. Huang, “AMCs for ultra-thin and broadband RAM design,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 484–485 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. M.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G. Z.

Wang, J. F.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, D. S. Dong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband and broad-angle low-scattering metasurface based on hybrid optimization algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5935 (2014).
[PubMed]

Wang, W.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, Q. Y.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Weng, C. X.

X. M. Yang, G. L. Jiang, X. G. Liu, and C. X. Weng, “Suppression of specular reflections by metasurface with engineered nonuniform distribution of reflection phase,” Int. J. Antennas Propag. 5, 560403 (2015).

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Withayachumnankul, W.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. C.

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, P. H.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

X. M. Ding, H. Yu, S. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Wu, K. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Ultra-thin metasurface for controlling electromagnetic wave with broad bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 51(11), 2501104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. M.

X. M. Ding, H. Yu, S. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Wu, K. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Ultra-thin metasurface for controlling electromagnetic wave with broad bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 51(11), 2501104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic Waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Q.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, F.

F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Polarization-dependent electromagnetic band gap (PDEBG) structures: designs and applications,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(6), 439–444 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Reflection phase characterizations of the EBG ground plane for low profile wire antenna applications,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(10), 2691–2703 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. Y.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X. M.

X. M. Yang, G. L. Jiang, X. G. Liu, and C. X. Weng, “Suppression of specular reflections by metasurface with engineered nonuniform distribution of reflection phase,” Int. J. Antennas Propag. 5, 560403 (2015).

X. M. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Diffuse reflections by randomly gradient index metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 808–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, J. Q.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ye, H. J.

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yin, J. Y.

J. Y. Yin, X. Wan, Q. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra wideband polarization-selective conversions of electromagnetic waves by metasurface under large-range incident angles,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12476 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

X. M. Ding, H. Yu, S. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Wu, K. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Ultra-thin metasurface for controlling electromagnetic wave with broad bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 51(11), 2501104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, A. X.

H. Y. Shi, A. X. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. X. Li, and Y. S. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, K.

X. M. Ding, H. Yu, S. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Wu, K. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Ultra-thin metasurface for controlling electromagnetic wave with broad bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 51(11), 2501104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

J. Y. Yin, X. Wan, Q. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra wideband polarization-selective conversions of electromagnetic waves by metasurface under large-range incident angles,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12476 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S. Q.

X. M. Ding, H. Yu, S. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Wu, K. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Ultra-thin metasurface for controlling electromagnetic wave with broad bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 51(11), 2501104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, R. Mittra, B. Z. Wang, and N. T. Huang, “AMCs for ultra-thin and broadband RAM design,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 484–485 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, J.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, D. S. Dong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband and broad-angle low-scattering metasurface based on hybrid optimization algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5935 (2014).
[PubMed]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, S.

H. Y. Shi, A. X. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. X. Li, and Y. S. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Zhou, L.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic Waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X. Y.

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, Q. Cheng, H. F. Ma, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband all-dielectric magnifying lens for far-field high-resolution imaging,” Adv. Mater. 25(48), 6963–6968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Z. W. Li, L. R. Huang, K. Lu, Y. L. Sun, and L. Min, “Continuous metasurface for high-performance anomalous reflection,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(11), 112001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Shi, A. X. Zhang, S. Zheng, J. X. Li, and Y. S. Jiang, “Dual-band polarization angle independent 90° polarization rotator using twisted electric-field-coupled resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 034102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Zhang, R. Mittra, B. Z. Wang, and N. T. Huang, “AMCs for ultra-thin and broadband RAM design,” Electron. Lett. 45(10), 484–485 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (3)

X. Gao, X. Han, W. P. Cao, H. O. Li, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra-wideband and high-efficiency linear polarization converter based on double v-shaped metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(8), 3522–3530 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Reflection phase characterizations of the EBG ground plane for low profile wire antenna applications,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 51(10), 2691–2703 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Edalati and K. Sarabandi, “Wideband, wide angle, polarization independent RCS reduction using nonabsorptive miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 62(2), 747–754 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

X. M. Ding, H. Yu, S. Q. Zhang, Y. M. Wu, K. Zhang, and Q. Wu, “Ultra-thin metasurface for controlling electromagnetic wave with broad bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 51(11), 2501104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Antennas Propag. (1)

X. M. Yang, G. L. Jiang, X. G. Liu, and C. X. Weng, “Suppression of specular reflections by metasurface with engineered nonuniform distribution of reflection phase,” Int. J. Antennas Propag. 5, 560403 (2015).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. D. Feng, J. F. Wang, H. Ma, W. D. Mo, H. J. Ye, and S. B. Qu, “Broadband polarization rotator based on multi-order plasmon resonances and high impedance surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(7), 074508 (2013).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (2)

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Polarization-dependent electromagnetic band gap (PDEBG) structures: designs and applications,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41(6), 439–444 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (3)

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kundtz and D. R. Smith, “Extreme-angle broadband metamaterial lens,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 129–132 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Della Giovampaola and N. Engheta, “Digital metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 13(12), 1115–1121 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. M. Hao, Q. J. Ren, Z. H. An, X. Q. Huang, Z. H. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (4)

W. L. Hsu, P. C. Wu, J. W. Chen, T. Y. Chen, B. H. Cheng, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, C. Y. Liao, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Vertical split-ring resonator based anomalous beam steering with high extinction ratio,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11226 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Wang, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, D. S. Dong, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband and broad-angle low-scattering metasurface based on hybrid optimization algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5935 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. Y. Yin, X. Wan, Q. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Ultra wideband polarization-selective conversions of electromagnetic waves by metasurface under large-range incident angles,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12476 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, X. Cao, J. Gao, Y. Sun, H. Yang, X. Liu, Y. Zhou, T. Han, and W. Chen, “Broadband diffusion metasurface based on a single anisotropic element and optimized by the Simulated Annealing algorithm,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23896 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (5)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The jigsaw puzzle metasurface and the anisotropic tile. (a) The jigsaw puzzle metasurface is composed of 6 × 6 pieces of anisotropic tiles. Different functions can be realized by different layouts of the tiles. (b) The anisotropic tile. An array of 4 × 4 rectangular metallic patches is attached on the top of a 40mm × 40mm(equal to 0.8λ × 0.8λ at 6GHz) substrate with full metallic ground(a = 10mm, l = 9.4mm, w = 7.5mm, h = 3mm). The substrate is a dielectric board with dielectric constant of 2.65 and loss tangent of 0.001. (c) Reflection properties of the anisotropic tile for both x- and y-polarized incidence and their phase difference.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Three representative layouts constructed by the jigsaw puzzle metasurface. (a) Uniform layout in which all the tiles are “0” or “1” (b) Regular layout in which the “0” and “1” are periodically arranged. (c) Irregular layout in which the “0” and “1” are arranged in specified or random sequence.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Polarization conversion of the tile a) Decomposition of electric vectors of incident waves. b) Intuitive scheme of polarization conversion. c) Simulated results of the co- and cross-polarization reflections. d) Calculated polarization conversion ratio.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Anomalous reflection of regular layout (a) Scattering field spectrum versus frequency. The dash lines represent the calculated result by Eq. (4). (b) Near-E-field distribution on the xoz plane at 5.8GHz. (c) The corresponding 3D far-field pattern. (d) Surface current distribution on the metasurface.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Diffusion properties of irregular layout (a) Radar cross section versus frequency compared with a same-sized metal board. b,c) Scattering patterns calculated by Eq. (5): (b) metasurface and c) metal board. (d,e) Scattering patterns obtained by full wave simulations at 6.1GHz. (f,g) Scattering spectrum in the backward space (h) The near-E-field distributions. (i) Surface current distribution.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Fabricated jigsaw puzzle metasurface and the basic measurement setup. (a) The partially done jigsaw puzzle metasurface which is composed of 36 pieces of identical tiles and a rigid foam frame. (b-d) The totally done states: (b) uniform layout (c) regular layout and (d) irregular layout. (e) The basic measurement setup.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured and simulated results. (a) The normalized reflections of the uniform layout. co., co-polarized reflection; cross., cross-polarized reflection; meas., measurement; sim., simulation. (b) The normalized reflection of the regular layout at the observing angle of 40deg. (c) The reflection reduction magnitude of the irregular layout compared to full metal board.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E i = E x x + E y y
E r = r x E x x + r y E y y
sin( θ r )sin( θ i )= 1 k 0 ( Δφ dx )
θ r =arcsin( c 2πf ( Δφ dx ) )
E total =EFAF
AF= m=1 M n=1 N e j[(m1/2)(kdsinθcosφ)+(n1/2)(kdsinθsinφ)+ϕ(m,n)]

Metrics