Abstract

An invariant imbedding T-matrix (II-TM) method is used to calculate the single-scattering properties of 8-column aggregate ice crystals. The II-TM based backscatter values are compared with those calculated by the improved geometric-optics method (IGOM) to refine the backscattering properties of the ice cloud radiative model used in the MODIS Collection 6 cloud optical property product. The integrated attenuated backscatter-to-cloud optical depth (IAB-ICOD) relation is derived from simulations using a CALIPSO (Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite) lidar simulator based on a Monte Carlo radiative transfer model. By comparing the simulation results and co-located CALIPSO and MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) observations, the non-uniform zonal distribution of ice clouds over ocean is characterized in terms of a mixture of smooth and rough ice particles. The percentage of the smooth particles is approximately 6% and 9% for tropical and midlatitude ice clouds, respectively.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Depolarization ratio and attenuated backscatter for nine cloud types: analyses based on collocated CALIPSO lidar and MODIS measurements

Hyoun-Myoung Cho, Ping Yang, George W. Kattawar, Shaima L. Nasiri, Yongxiang Hu, Patrick Minnis, Charles Trepte, and David Winker
Opt. Express 16(6) 3931-3948 (2008)

Backscattering peak of ice cloud particles

Chen Zhou and Ping Yang
Opt. Express 23(9) 11995-12003 (2015)

Effect of multiple scattering on depolarization measurements with spaceborne lidars

Susanne Reichardt and Jens Reichardt
Appl. Opt. 42(18) 3620-3633 (2003)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. N. Liou, “Influence of cirrus clouds on weather and climate processes: A global perspective,” Mon. Weather Rev. 114(6), 1167–1199 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. L. Stephens, S. C. Tsay, P. W. Stackhouse, and P. J. Flatau, “The relevance of the microphysical and radiative properties of cirrus clouds to climate and climatic feedback,” J. Atmos. Sci. 47(14), 1742–1754 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. D. Zelinka, S. A. Klein, and D. L. Hartmann, “Computing and partitioning cloud feedbacks using cloud property histograms. Part I: Cloud radiative kernels,” J. Clim. 25(11), 3715–3735 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Zhou, A. E. Dessler, M. D. Zelinka, P. Yang, and T. Wang, “Cirrus feedback on interannual climate fluctuations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 41(24), 9166–9173 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar and radiometric observations of cirrus clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 30(6), 1191–1204 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. M. R. Platt, “Remote sounding of high clouds: I. Calculation of visible and infrared optical properties from lidar and radiometer measurements,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 18(9), 1130–1143 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. M. R. Platt, D. W. Reynolds, and N. L. Abshire, “Satellite and lidar observations of the albedo, emittance and optical depth of cirrus compared to model calculations,” Mon. Weather Rev. 108(2), 195–204 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. M. R. Platt, “Remote sounding of high clouds. III: Monte Carlo calculations of multiple-scattered lidar returns,” J. Atmos. Sci. 38(1), 156–167 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  9. Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part I: Algorithm description and comparison with in situ data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 41(3), 218–229 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  10. Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part II: Midlatitude cirrus microphysical and radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(14), 2291–2302 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Hayman, S. Spuler, B. Morley, and J. VanAndel, “Polarization lidar operation for measuring backscatter phase matrices of oriented scatterers,” Opt. Express 20(28), 29553–29567 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Okamoto, K. Sato, and Y. Hagihara, “Global analysis of ice microphysics from CloudSat and CALIPSO: Incorporation of specular reflection in lidar signals,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(D22), D22209 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  15. M. Reverdy, V. Noel, H. Chepfer, and B. Legras, “On the origin of subvisible cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12(24), 12081–12101 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  17. W. N. Chen, C. W. Chiang, and J. B. Nee, “Lidar ratio and depolarization ratio for cirrus clouds,” Appl. Opt. 41(30), 6470–6476 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. T. Sakai, T. Nagai, M. Nakazato, Y. Mano, and T. Matsumura, “Ice clouds and Asian dust studied with lidar measurements of particle extinction-to-backscatter ratio, particle depolarization, and water-vapor mixing ratio over Tsukuba,” Appl. Opt. 42(36), 7103–7116 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. V. Noel, D. M. Winker, T. J. Garrett, and M. Mcgill, “Extinction coefficients retrieved in deep tropical ice clouds from lidar observations using a CALIPSO-like algorithm compared to in-situ measurements from the cloud integrating nephelometer during CRYSTAL-FACE,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1415–1422 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Oo and R. Holz, “Improving the CALIOP aerosol optical depth using combined MODIS‐CALIOP observations and CALIOP integrated attenuated total color ratio,” J. Geophys. Res. 116(D14), D14201 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  21. D. M. Winker, “Accounting for multiple scattering in retrievals from space lidar,” Proc. SPIE 5059, 128 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  22. K. N. Liou and Y. Takano, “Light scattering by nonspherical particles: remote sensing and climatic implications,” Atmos. Res. 31(4), 271–298 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  23. P. Yang and K. N. Liou, “Light scattering and absorption by nonspherical ice crystals,” in Light Scattering Reviews: Single and Multiple Light Scattering, Ed. A. Kokhanovsky, Springer-Praxis Publishing, Chichester, UK, 31–71 (2006).
  24. A. J. Baran, “From the single-scattering properties of ice crystals to climate prediction: A way forward,” Atmos. Res. 112, 45–69 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  25. P. Yang, K. N. Liou, L. Bi, C. Liu, B. Q. Yi, and B. A. Baum, “On the radiative properties of ice clouds: Light scattering, remote sensing, and radiation parameterization,” Adv. Atmos. Sci. 32(1), 32–63 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single‐scattering properties of aggregates of plates,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 135(639), 291–304 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Optimal numerical methods for determining the orientation averages of single-scattering properties of atmospheric ice crystals,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 127, 207–223 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single-scattering properties of aggregates of bullet rosettes in cirrus,” J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. 46(6), 757–775 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  29. B. R. Johnson, “Invariant imbedding T matrix approach to electromagnetic scattering,” Appl. Opt. 27(23), 4861–4873 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. L. Bi and P. Yang, “Accurate simulation of the optical properties of atmospheric ice crystals with the invariant imbedding T-matrix method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 138, 17–35 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  31. P. Yang and K. N. Liou, “Geometric-optics-integral-equation method for light scattering by nonspherical ice crystals,” Appl. Opt. 35(33), 6568–6584 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. C. Zhou and P. Yang, “Backscattering peak of ice cloud particles,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11995–12003 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. Y. Hu, D. Winker, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, L. Poole, and L. Vann, “Identification of cloud phase from PICASSO-CENA lidar depolarization: A multiple scattering sensitivity study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 70(4-6), 569–579 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  34. C. R. Parkinson, “Aqua: An Earth-observing satellite mission to examine water and other climate variables,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 173–183 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  35. T. S. L’Ecuyer and J. H. Jiang, “Touring the atmosphere aboard the A-Train,” Phys. Today 63(7), 36–41 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  36. G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  38. D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  39. D. M. Winker and L. R. Poole, “Monte-Carlo calculations of cloud returns for ground-based and space-based lidars,” Appl. Phys. B 60(4), 341–344 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  40. W. J. Wiscombe, “The delta-M method: rapid yet accurate radiative flux calculations for strongly asymmetric phase functions,” J. Atmos. Sci. 34(9), 1408–1422 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  41. K. N. Liou, An introduction to atmospheric radiation (Academic, 2002).
  42. M. Wendisch and P. Yang, Theory of atmospheric radiative transfer (John Wiley & Sons, 2012).
  43. W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar Description and Performance Assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  44. J. W. Hovenier and C. V. M. Van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983).
  45. P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  46. B. A. Baum, A. J. Heymsfield, P. Yang, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part I: Microphysical data and models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1885–1895 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  47. B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  48. R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  49. B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  50. P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, G. Hong, P. Minnis, and Y. Hu, “Uncertainties associated with the surface texture of ice particles in satellite-based retrieval of cirrus clouds—Part I: Single-scattering properties of ice crystals with surface roughness,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 46(7), 1940–1947 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  51. B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  52. B. H. Cole, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, J. Riedi, and L. C. Labonnote, “Ice particle habit and surface roughness derived from PARASOL polarization measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14(7), 3739–3750 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  53. S. Iwasaki and H. Okamoto, “Analysis of the enhancement of backscattering by nonspherical particles with flat surfaces,” Appl. Opt. 40(33), 6121–6129 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  54. A. Borovoi, A. Konoshonkin, and N. Kustova, “Backscattering by hexagonal ice crystals of cirrus clouds,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2881–2884 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  55. A. G. Borovoi and N. V. Kustova, “Light scattering by large faceted particles,” in Polarimetric Detection, Characterization and Remote Sensing, M. I. Mishchenko, Y. S. Yatskiv, V. K. Rosenbush, and G. Videen, eds. (NATO Science for Peace and Security 2011).
  56. A. G. Borovoi and I. A. Grishin, “Scattering matrices for large ice crystal particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(11), 2071–2080 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  57. A. Garnier, J. Pelon, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, C. R. Trepte, and P. Dubuisson, “Lidar multiple scattering factors inferred from CALIPSO lidar and IIR retrievals of semi-transparent cirrus cloud optical depths over oceans,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(7), 2759–2774 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  58. G. B. Arfken and H. J. Weber, Mathematical Methods For Physicists, (6th Edition, Elsevier Academic Press, 2005).
  59. S. Platnick, S. Ackerman, M. King, MODIS Atmosphere L2 Cloud Product (06_L2). NASA MODIS Adaptive Processing System, (Goddard Space Flight Center, 2015).
  60. H. J. aufm Kampe, H. K. Weickmann, and J. J. Kelly, “The influence of temperature on the shape of ice crystals growing at water saturation,” J. Meteorol. 8(3), 168–174 (1951).
    [Crossref]
  61. A. J. Heymsfield and C. M. R. Platt, “A Parameterization of the Particle Size Spectrum of Ice Clouds in Terms of the Ambient Temperature and the Ice Water Content,” J. Atmos. Sci. 41(5), 846–855 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  62. J. Hallett and B. J. Mason, “The influence of temperature and supersaturation on the habit of ice crystals grown from the vapour,” in Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences (The Royal Society, 1958), pp. 440–453.

2015 (4)

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, L. Bi, C. Liu, B. Q. Yi, and B. A. Baum, “On the radiative properties of ice clouds: Light scattering, remote sensing, and radiation parameterization,” Adv. Atmos. Sci. 32(1), 32–63 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Garnier, J. Pelon, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, C. R. Trepte, and P. Dubuisson, “Lidar multiple scattering factors inferred from CALIPSO lidar and IIR retrievals of semi-transparent cirrus cloud optical depths over oceans,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(7), 2759–2774 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zhou and P. Yang, “Backscattering peak of ice cloud particles,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11995–12003 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

L. Bi and P. Yang, “Accurate simulation of the optical properties of atmospheric ice crystals with the invariant imbedding T-matrix method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 138, 17–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. H. Cole, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, J. Riedi, and L. C. Labonnote, “Ice particle habit and surface roughness derived from PARASOL polarization measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14(7), 3739–3750 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zhou, A. E. Dessler, M. D. Zelinka, P. Yang, and T. Wang, “Cirrus feedback on interannual climate fluctuations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 41(24), 9166–9173 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Optimal numerical methods for determining the orientation averages of single-scattering properties of atmospheric ice crystals,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 127, 207–223 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Borovoi, A. Konoshonkin, and N. Kustova, “Backscattering by hexagonal ice crystals of cirrus clouds,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2881–2884 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

M. Hayman, S. Spuler, B. Morley, and J. VanAndel, “Polarization lidar operation for measuring backscatter phase matrices of oriented scatterers,” Opt. Express 20(28), 29553–29567 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Reverdy, V. Noel, H. Chepfer, and B. Legras, “On the origin of subvisible cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12(24), 12081–12101 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. J. Baran, “From the single-scattering properties of ice crystals to climate prediction: A way forward,” Atmos. Res. 112, 45–69 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. D. Zelinka, S. A. Klein, and D. L. Hartmann, “Computing and partitioning cloud feedbacks using cloud property histograms. Part I: Cloud radiative kernels,” J. Clim. 25(11), 3715–3735 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

M. Oo and R. Holz, “Improving the CALIOP aerosol optical depth using combined MODIS‐CALIOP observations and CALIOP integrated attenuated total color ratio,” J. Geophys. Res. 116(D14), D14201 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. S. L’Ecuyer and J. H. Jiang, “Touring the atmosphere aboard the A-Train,” Phys. Today 63(7), 36–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Okamoto, K. Sato, and Y. Hagihara, “Global analysis of ice microphysics from CloudSat and CALIPSO: Incorporation of specular reflection in lidar signals,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(D22), D22209 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar Description and Performance Assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single‐scattering properties of aggregates of plates,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 135(639), 291–304 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, G. Hong, P. Minnis, and Y. Hu, “Uncertainties associated with the surface texture of ice particles in satellite-based retrieval of cirrus clouds—Part I: Single-scattering properties of ice crystals with surface roughness,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 46(7), 1940–1947 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single-scattering properties of aggregates of bullet rosettes in cirrus,” J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. 46(6), 757–775 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. Noel, D. M. Winker, T. J. Garrett, and M. Mcgill, “Extinction coefficients retrieved in deep tropical ice clouds from lidar observations using a CALIPSO-like algorithm compared to in-situ measurements from the cloud integrating nephelometer during CRYSTAL-FACE,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1415–1422 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

B. A. Baum, A. J. Heymsfield, P. Yang, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part I: Microphysical data and models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1885–1895 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (5)

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. R. Parkinson, “Aqua: An Earth-observing satellite mission to examine water and other climate variables,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 173–183 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, “Accounting for multiple scattering in retrievals from space lidar,” Proc. SPIE 5059, 128 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. G. Borovoi and I. A. Grishin, “Scattering matrices for large ice crystal particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(11), 2071–2080 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sakai, T. Nagai, M. Nakazato, Y. Mano, and T. Matsumura, “Ice clouds and Asian dust studied with lidar measurements of particle extinction-to-backscatter ratio, particle depolarization, and water-vapor mixing ratio over Tsukuba,” Appl. Opt. 42(36), 7103–7116 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

W. N. Chen, C. W. Chiang, and J. B. Nee, “Lidar ratio and depolarization ratio for cirrus clouds,” Appl. Opt. 41(30), 6470–6476 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part I: Algorithm description and comparison with in situ data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 41(3), 218–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part II: Midlatitude cirrus microphysical and radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(14), 2291–2302 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

Y. Hu, D. Winker, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, L. Poole, and L. Vann, “Identification of cloud phase from PICASSO-CENA lidar depolarization: A multiple scattering sensitivity study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 70(4-6), 569–579 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Iwasaki and H. Okamoto, “Analysis of the enhancement of backscattering by nonspherical particles with flat surfaces,” Appl. Opt. 40(33), 6121–6129 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

D. M. Winker and L. R. Poole, “Monte-Carlo calculations of cloud returns for ground-based and space-based lidars,” Appl. Phys. B 60(4), 341–344 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

K. N. Liou and Y. Takano, “Light scattering by nonspherical particles: remote sensing and climatic implications,” Atmos. Res. 31(4), 271–298 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

G. L. Stephens, S. C. Tsay, P. W. Stackhouse, and P. J. Flatau, “The relevance of the microphysical and radiative properties of cirrus clouds to climate and climatic feedback,” J. Atmos. Sci. 47(14), 1742–1754 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

K. N. Liou, “Influence of cirrus clouds on weather and climate processes: A global perspective,” Mon. Weather Rev. 114(6), 1167–1199 (1986).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

A. J. Heymsfield and C. M. R. Platt, “A Parameterization of the Particle Size Spectrum of Ice Clouds in Terms of the Ambient Temperature and the Ice Water Content,” J. Atmos. Sci. 41(5), 846–855 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

J. W. Hovenier and C. V. M. Van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983).

1981 (1)

C. M. R. Platt, “Remote sounding of high clouds. III: Monte Carlo calculations of multiple-scattered lidar returns,” J. Atmos. Sci. 38(1), 156–167 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

C. M. R. Platt, D. W. Reynolds, and N. L. Abshire, “Satellite and lidar observations of the albedo, emittance and optical depth of cirrus compared to model calculations,” Mon. Weather Rev. 108(2), 195–204 (1980).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

C. M. R. Platt, “Remote sounding of high clouds: I. Calculation of visible and infrared optical properties from lidar and radiometer measurements,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 18(9), 1130–1143 (1979).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

W. J. Wiscombe, “The delta-M method: rapid yet accurate radiative flux calculations for strongly asymmetric phase functions,” J. Atmos. Sci. 34(9), 1408–1422 (1977).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar and radiometric observations of cirrus clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 30(6), 1191–1204 (1973).
[Crossref]

1951 (1)

H. J. aufm Kampe, H. K. Weickmann, and J. J. Kelly, “The influence of temperature on the shape of ice crystals growing at water saturation,” J. Meteorol. 8(3), 168–174 (1951).
[Crossref]

Abshire, N. L.

C. M. R. Platt, D. W. Reynolds, and N. L. Abshire, “Satellite and lidar observations of the albedo, emittance and optical depth of cirrus compared to model calculations,” Mon. Weather Rev. 108(2), 195–204 (1980).
[Crossref]

Ackerman, S.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ackerman, S. A.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Amarasinghe, N.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ansmann, A.

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
[Crossref]

aufm Kampe, H. J.

H. J. aufm Kampe, H. K. Weickmann, and J. J. Kelly, “The influence of temperature on the shape of ice crystals growing at water saturation,” J. Meteorol. 8(3), 168–174 (1951).
[Crossref]

Austin, R. T.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bansemer, A.

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Baran, A. J.

A. J. Baran, “From the single-scattering properties of ice crystals to climate prediction: A way forward,” Atmos. Res. 112, 45–69 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baum, B. A.

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, L. Bi, C. Liu, B. Q. Yi, and B. A. Baum, “On the radiative properties of ice clouds: Light scattering, remote sensing, and radiation parameterization,” Adv. Atmos. Sci. 32(1), 32–63 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. H. Cole, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, J. Riedi, and L. C. Labonnote, “Ice particle habit and surface roughness derived from PARASOL polarization measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14(7), 3739–3750 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, A. J. Heymsfield, P. Yang, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part I: Microphysical data and models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1885–1895 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, D. Winker, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, L. Poole, and L. Vann, “Identification of cloud phase from PICASSO-CENA lidar depolarization: A multiple scattering sensitivity study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 70(4-6), 569–579 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bedka, S. T.

B. A. Baum, A. J. Heymsfield, P. Yang, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part I: Microphysical data and models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1885–1895 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
[Crossref]

Benedetti, A.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bi, L.

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, L. Bi, C. Liu, B. Q. Yi, and B. A. Baum, “On the radiative properties of ice clouds: Light scattering, remote sensing, and radiation parameterization,” Adv. Atmos. Sci. 32(1), 32–63 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Bi and P. Yang, “Accurate simulation of the optical properties of atmospheric ice crystals with the invariant imbedding T-matrix method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 138, 17–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

Boain, R. J.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Borovoi, A.

Borovoi, A. G.

Charlson, R. J.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. N.

Chepfer, H.

M. Reverdy, V. Noel, H. Chepfer, and B. Legras, “On the origin of subvisible cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12(24), 12081–12101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chiang, C. W.

Coakley, J. A.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Colarco, P. R.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cole, B.

P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cole, B. H.

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. H. Cole, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, J. Riedi, and L. C. Labonnote, “Ice particle habit and surface roughness derived from PARASOL polarization measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14(7), 3739–3750 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dessler, A. E.

C. Zhou, A. E. Dessler, M. D. Zelinka, P. Yang, and T. Wang, “Cirrus feedback on interannual climate fluctuations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 41(24), 9166–9173 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dubuisson, P.

A. Garnier, J. Pelon, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, C. R. Trepte, and P. Dubuisson, “Lidar multiple scattering factors inferred from CALIPSO lidar and IIR retrievals of semi-transparent cirrus cloud optical depths over oceans,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(7), 2759–2774 (2015).
[Crossref]

Durden, S. L.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dutcher, S.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

Flamant, P.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Flatau, P. J.

G. L. Stephens, S. C. Tsay, P. W. Stackhouse, and P. J. Flatau, “The relevance of the microphysical and radiative properties of cirrus clouds to climate and climatic feedback,” J. Atmos. Sci. 47(14), 1742–1754 (1990).
[Crossref]

Fu, Q.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, B. C.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Garnier, A.

A. Garnier, J. Pelon, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, C. R. Trepte, and P. Dubuisson, “Lidar multiple scattering factors inferred from CALIPSO lidar and IIR retrievals of semi-transparent cirrus cloud optical depths over oceans,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(7), 2759–2774 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

Garrett, T. J.

V. Noel, D. M. Winker, T. J. Garrett, and M. Mcgill, “Extinction coefficients retrieved in deep tropical ice clouds from lidar observations using a CALIPSO-like algorithm compared to in-situ measurements from the cloud integrating nephelometer during CRYSTAL-FACE,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1415–1422 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grishin, I. A.

Hagihara, Y.

H. Okamoto, K. Sato, and Y. Hagihara, “Global analysis of ice microphysics from CloudSat and CALIPSO: Incorporation of specular reflection in lidar signals,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(D22), D22209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, D. L.

M. D. Zelinka, S. A. Klein, and D. L. Hartmann, “Computing and partitioning cloud feedbacks using cloud property histograms. Part I: Cloud radiative kernels,” J. Clim. 25(11), 3715–3735 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hayman, M.

Heidinger, A.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

Heymsfield, A. J.

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, A. J. Heymsfield, P. Yang, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part I: Microphysical data and models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1885–1895 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. J. Heymsfield and C. M. R. Platt, “A Parameterization of the Particle Size Spectrum of Ice Clouds in Terms of the Ambient Temperature and the Ice Water Content,” J. Atmos. Sci. 41(5), 846–855 (1984).
[Crossref]

Hoff, R.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Holz, R.

M. Oo and R. Holz, “Improving the CALIOP aerosol optical depth using combined MODIS‐CALIOP observations and CALIOP integrated attenuated total color ratio,” J. Geophys. Res. 116(D14), D14201 (2011).
[Crossref]

Holz, R. E.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hong, G.

P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, G. Hong, P. Minnis, and Y. Hu, “Uncertainties associated with the surface texture of ice particles in satellite-based retrieval of cirrus clouds—Part I: Single-scattering properties of ice crystals with surface roughness,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 46(7), 1940–1947 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hovenier, J. W.

J. W. Hovenier and C. V. M. Van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983).

Hu, Y.

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, G. Hong, P. Minnis, and Y. Hu, “Uncertainties associated with the surface texture of ice particles in satellite-based retrieval of cirrus clouds—Part I: Single-scattering properties of ice crystals with surface roughness,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 46(7), 1940–1947 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, D. Winker, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, L. Poole, and L. Vann, “Identification of cloud phase from PICASSO-CENA lidar depolarization: A multiple scattering sensitivity study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 70(4-6), 569–579 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hubanks, P. A.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hunt, W. H.

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar Description and Performance Assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

Illingworth, A. J.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Iwasaki, S.

Jiang, J. H.

T. S. L’Ecuyer and J. H. Jiang, “Touring the atmosphere aboard the A-Train,” Phys. Today 63(7), 36–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Johnson, B. R.

Josset, D.

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kattawar, G. W.

P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, G. Hong, P. Minnis, and Y. Hu, “Uncertainties associated with the surface texture of ice particles in satellite-based retrieval of cirrus clouds—Part I: Single-scattering properties of ice crystals with surface roughness,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 46(7), 1940–1947 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kaufman, Y. J.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kelly, J. J.

H. J. aufm Kampe, H. K. Weickmann, and J. J. Kelly, “The influence of temperature on the shape of ice crystals growing at water saturation,” J. Meteorol. 8(3), 168–174 (1951).
[Crossref]

King, M. D.

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kittaka, C.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Klein, S. A.

M. D. Zelinka, S. A. Klein, and D. L. Hartmann, “Computing and partitioning cloud feedbacks using cloud property histograms. Part I: Cloud radiative kernels,” J. Clim. 25(11), 3715–3735 (2012).
[Crossref]

Konoshonkin, A.

Kubar, T. L.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kuehn, R.

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kustova, N.

L’Ecuyer, T.

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

L’Ecuyer, T. S.

T. S. L’Ecuyer and J. H. Jiang, “Touring the atmosphere aboard the A-Train,” Phys. Today 63(7), 36–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Labonnote, L. C.

B. H. Cole, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, J. Riedi, and L. C. Labonnote, “Ice particle habit and surface roughness derived from PARASOL polarization measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14(7), 3739–3750 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lahmann, W.

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
[Crossref]

Le Treut, H.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Legras, B.

M. Reverdy, V. Noel, H. Chepfer, and B. Legras, “On the origin of subvisible cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12(24), 12081–12101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liou, K. N.

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, L. Bi, C. Liu, B. Q. Yi, and B. A. Baum, “On the radiative properties of ice clouds: Light scattering, remote sensing, and radiation parameterization,” Adv. Atmos. Sci. 32(1), 32–63 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Yang and K. N. Liou, “Geometric-optics-integral-equation method for light scattering by nonspherical ice crystals,” Appl. Opt. 35(33), 6568–6584 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. N. Liou and Y. Takano, “Light scattering by nonspherical particles: remote sensing and climatic implications,” Atmos. Res. 31(4), 271–298 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. N. Liou, “Influence of cirrus clouds on weather and climate processes: A global perspective,” Mon. Weather Rev. 114(6), 1167–1199 (1986).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, L. Bi, C. Liu, B. Q. Yi, and B. A. Baum, “On the radiative properties of ice clouds: Light scattering, remote sensing, and radiation parameterization,” Adv. Atmos. Sci. 32(1), 32–63 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lucker, P.

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lucker, P. L.

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar Description and Performance Assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mace, G. G.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mano, Y.

Matsumura, T.

McCormick, M. P.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

McFarquhar, G. M.

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Optimal numerical methods for determining the orientation averages of single-scattering properties of atmospheric ice crystals,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 127, 207–223 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single‐scattering properties of aggregates of plates,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 135(639), 291–304 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single-scattering properties of aggregates of bullet rosettes in cirrus,” J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. 46(6), 757–775 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mcgill, M.

V. Noel, D. M. Winker, T. J. Garrett, and M. Mcgill, “Extinction coefficients retrieved in deep tropical ice clouds from lidar observations using a CALIPSO-like algorithm compared to in-situ measurements from the cloud integrating nephelometer during CRYSTAL-FACE,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1415–1422 (2007).
[Crossref]

Megie, G.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Menzel, W. P.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Merrelli, A.

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meyer, K.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

Michaelis, W.

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
[Crossref]

Miller, S. D.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Minnis, P.

P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, G. Hong, P. Minnis, and Y. Hu, “Uncertainties associated with the surface texture of ice particles in satellite-based retrieval of cirrus clouds—Part I: Single-scattering properties of ice crystals with surface roughness,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 46(7), 1940–1947 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mishchenko, M. I.

P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mitrescu, C.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mlawer, E. J.

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Morley, B.

Nagai, T.

Nagle, F.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nakazato, M.

Nee, J. B.

Noel, V.

M. Reverdy, V. Noel, H. Chepfer, and B. Legras, “On the origin of subvisible cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12(24), 12081–12101 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Noel, D. M. Winker, T. J. Garrett, and M. Mcgill, “Extinction coefficients retrieved in deep tropical ice clouds from lidar observations using a CALIPSO-like algorithm compared to in-situ measurements from the cloud integrating nephelometer during CRYSTAL-FACE,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1415–1422 (2007).
[Crossref]

O’Connor, E. J.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, H.

H. Okamoto, K. Sato, and Y. Hagihara, “Global analysis of ice microphysics from CloudSat and CALIPSO: Incorporation of specular reflection in lidar signals,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(D22), D22209 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Iwasaki and H. Okamoto, “Analysis of the enhancement of backscattering by nonspherical particles with flat surfaces,” Appl. Opt. 40(33), 6121–6129 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Omar, A.

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

Oo, M.

M. Oo and R. Holz, “Improving the CALIOP aerosol optical depth using combined MODIS‐CALIOP observations and CALIOP integrated attenuated total color ratio,” J. Geophys. Res. 116(D14), D14201 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oreopoulos, L.

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Parkinson, C. R.

C. R. Parkinson, “Aqua: An Earth-observing satellite mission to examine water and other climate variables,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 173–183 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pelon, J.

A. Garnier, J. Pelon, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, C. R. Trepte, and P. Dubuisson, “Lidar multiple scattering factors inferred from CALIPSO lidar and IIR retrievals of semi-transparent cirrus cloud optical depths over oceans,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(7), 2759–2774 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pincus, R.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Platnick, S.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Platt, C. M. R.

A. J. Heymsfield and C. M. R. Platt, “A Parameterization of the Particle Size Spectrum of Ice Clouds in Terms of the Ambient Temperature and the Ice Water Content,” J. Atmos. Sci. 41(5), 846–855 (1984).
[Crossref]

C. M. R. Platt, “Remote sounding of high clouds. III: Monte Carlo calculations of multiple-scattered lidar returns,” J. Atmos. Sci. 38(1), 156–167 (1981).
[Crossref]

C. M. R. Platt, D. W. Reynolds, and N. L. Abshire, “Satellite and lidar observations of the albedo, emittance and optical depth of cirrus compared to model calculations,” Mon. Weather Rev. 108(2), 195–204 (1980).
[Crossref]

C. M. R. Platt, “Remote sounding of high clouds: I. Calculation of visible and infrared optical properties from lidar and radiometer measurements,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 18(9), 1130–1143 (1979).
[Crossref]

C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar and radiometric observations of cirrus clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 30(6), 1191–1204 (1973).
[Crossref]

Poole, L.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, D. Winker, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, L. Poole, and L. Vann, “Identification of cloud phase from PICASSO-CENA lidar depolarization: A multiple scattering sensitivity study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 70(4-6), 569–579 (2001).
[Crossref]

Poole, L. R.

D. M. Winker and L. R. Poole, “Monte-Carlo calculations of cloud returns for ground-based and space-based lidars,” Appl. Phys. B 60(4), 341–344 (1995).
[Crossref]

Powell, K.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Powell, K. A.

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar Description and Performance Assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

Remer, L. A.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Reverdy, M.

M. Reverdy, V. Noel, H. Chepfer, and B. Legras, “On the origin of subvisible cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12(24), 12081–12101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Reynolds, D. W.

C. M. R. Platt, D. W. Reynolds, and N. L. Abshire, “Satellite and lidar observations of the albedo, emittance and optical depth of cirrus compared to model calculations,” Mon. Weather Rev. 108(2), 195–204 (1980).
[Crossref]

Riebesell, M.

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
[Crossref]

Riedi, J.

B. H. Cole, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, J. Riedi, and L. C. Labonnote, “Ice particle habit and surface roughness derived from PARASOL polarization measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14(7), 3739–3750 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rossow, W. B.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sakai, T.

Sassen, K.

Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part II: Midlatitude cirrus microphysical and radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(14), 2291–2302 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part I: Algorithm description and comparison with in situ data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 41(3), 218–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sato, K.

H. Okamoto, K. Sato, and Y. Hagihara, “Global analysis of ice microphysics from CloudSat and CALIPSO: Incorporation of specular reflection in lidar signals,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(D22), D22209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schmitt, C.

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Spuler, S.

Stackhouse, P. W.

G. L. Stephens, S. C. Tsay, P. W. Stackhouse, and P. J. Flatau, “The relevance of the microphysical and radiative properties of cirrus clouds to climate and climatic feedback,” J. Atmos. Sci. 47(14), 1742–1754 (1990).
[Crossref]

Stephens, G. L.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. L. Stephens, S. C. Tsay, P. W. Stackhouse, and P. J. Flatau, “The relevance of the microphysical and radiative properties of cirrus clouds to climate and climatic feedback,” J. Atmos. Sci. 47(14), 1742–1754 (1990).
[Crossref]

Takano, Y.

K. N. Liou and Y. Takano, “Light scattering by nonspherical particles: remote sensing and climatic implications,” Atmos. Res. 31(4), 271–298 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tanré, D.

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

Trepte, C.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Trepte, C. R.

A. Garnier, J. Pelon, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, C. R. Trepte, and P. Dubuisson, “Lidar multiple scattering factors inferred from CALIPSO lidar and IIR retrievals of semi-transparent cirrus cloud optical depths over oceans,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(7), 2759–2774 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tsay, S. C.

G. L. Stephens, S. C. Tsay, P. W. Stackhouse, and P. J. Flatau, “The relevance of the microphysical and radiative properties of cirrus clouds to climate and climatic feedback,” J. Atmos. Sci. 47(14), 1742–1754 (1990).
[Crossref]

Um, J.

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Optimal numerical methods for determining the orientation averages of single-scattering properties of atmospheric ice crystals,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 127, 207–223 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single‐scattering properties of aggregates of plates,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 135(639), 291–304 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single-scattering properties of aggregates of bullet rosettes in cirrus,” J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. 46(6), 757–775 (2007).
[Crossref]

Van der Mee, C. V. M.

J. W. Hovenier and C. V. M. Van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983).

VanAndel, J.

Vane, D. G.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vann, L.

Y. Hu, D. Winker, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, L. Poole, and L. Vann, “Identification of cloud phase from PICASSO-CENA lidar depolarization: A multiple scattering sensitivity study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 70(4-6), 569–579 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vaughan, M.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vaughan, M. A.

A. Garnier, J. Pelon, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, C. R. Trepte, and P. Dubuisson, “Lidar multiple scattering factors inferred from CALIPSO lidar and IIR retrievals of semi-transparent cirrus cloud optical depths over oceans,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(7), 2759–2774 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar Description and Performance Assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

Voss, E.

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wandinger, U.

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

C. Zhou, A. E. Dessler, M. D. Zelinka, P. Yang, and T. Wang, “Cirrus feedback on interannual climate fluctuations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 41(24), 9166–9173 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part I: Algorithm description and comparison with in situ data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 41(3), 218–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part II: Midlatitude cirrus microphysical and radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(14), 2291–2302 (2002).
[Crossref]

Weickmann, H. K.

H. J. aufm Kampe, H. K. Weickmann, and J. J. Kelly, “The influence of temperature on the shape of ice crystals growing at water saturation,” J. Meteorol. 8(3), 168–174 (1951).
[Crossref]

Weimer, C.

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar Description and Performance Assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

Weitkamp, C.

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wielicki, B. A.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wind, G.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

Winker, D.

Y. Hu, D. Winker, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, L. Poole, and L. Vann, “Identification of cloud phase from PICASSO-CENA lidar depolarization: A multiple scattering sensitivity study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 70(4-6), 569–579 (2001).
[Crossref]

Winker, D. M.

A. Garnier, J. Pelon, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, C. R. Trepte, and P. Dubuisson, “Lidar multiple scattering factors inferred from CALIPSO lidar and IIR retrievals of semi-transparent cirrus cloud optical depths over oceans,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(7), 2759–2774 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar Description and Performance Assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Noel, D. M. Winker, T. J. Garrett, and M. Mcgill, “Extinction coefficients retrieved in deep tropical ice clouds from lidar observations using a CALIPSO-like algorithm compared to in-situ measurements from the cloud integrating nephelometer during CRYSTAL-FACE,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1415–1422 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, “Accounting for multiple scattering in retrievals from space lidar,” Proc. SPIE 5059, 128 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker and L. R. Poole, “Monte-Carlo calculations of cloud returns for ground-based and space-based lidars,” Appl. Phys. B 60(4), 341–344 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wiscombe, W. J.

W. J. Wiscombe, “The delta-M method: rapid yet accurate radiative flux calculations for strongly asymmetric phase functions,” J. Atmos. Sci. 34(9), 1408–1422 (1977).
[Crossref]

Yang, P.

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zhou and P. Yang, “Backscattering peak of ice cloud particles,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11995–12003 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, L. Bi, C. Liu, B. Q. Yi, and B. A. Baum, “On the radiative properties of ice clouds: Light scattering, remote sensing, and radiation parameterization,” Adv. Atmos. Sci. 32(1), 32–63 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. H. Cole, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, J. Riedi, and L. C. Labonnote, “Ice particle habit and surface roughness derived from PARASOL polarization measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14(7), 3739–3750 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zhou, A. E. Dessler, M. D. Zelinka, P. Yang, and T. Wang, “Cirrus feedback on interannual climate fluctuations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 41(24), 9166–9173 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Bi and P. Yang, “Accurate simulation of the optical properties of atmospheric ice crystals with the invariant imbedding T-matrix method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 138, 17–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, G. Hong, P. Minnis, and Y. Hu, “Uncertainties associated with the surface texture of ice particles in satellite-based retrieval of cirrus clouds—Part I: Single-scattering properties of ice crystals with surface roughness,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 46(7), 1940–1947 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, A. J. Heymsfield, P. Yang, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part I: Microphysical data and models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1885–1895 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, D. Winker, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, L. Poole, and L. Vann, “Identification of cloud phase from PICASSO-CENA lidar depolarization: A multiple scattering sensitivity study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 70(4-6), 569–579 (2001).
[Crossref]

P. Yang and K. N. Liou, “Geometric-optics-integral-equation method for light scattering by nonspherical ice crystals,” Appl. Opt. 35(33), 6568–6584 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yi, B.

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yi, B. Q.

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, L. Bi, C. Liu, B. Q. Yi, and B. A. Baum, “On the radiative properties of ice clouds: Light scattering, remote sensing, and radiation parameterization,” Adv. Atmos. Sci. 32(1), 32–63 (2015).
[Crossref]

Young, S. A.

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zelinka, M. D.

C. Zhou, A. E. Dessler, M. D. Zelinka, P. Yang, and T. Wang, “Cirrus feedback on interannual climate fluctuations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 41(24), 9166–9173 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. D. Zelinka, S. A. Klein, and D. L. Hartmann, “Computing and partitioning cloud feedbacks using cloud property histograms. Part I: Cloud radiative kernels,” J. Clim. 25(11), 3715–3735 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhai, P. W.

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, C.

C. Zhou and P. Yang, “Backscattering peak of ice cloud particles,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11995–12003 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhou, A. E. Dessler, M. D. Zelinka, P. Yang, and T. Wang, “Cirrus feedback on interannual climate fluctuations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 41(24), 9166–9173 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Atmos. Sci. (1)

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, L. Bi, C. Liu, B. Q. Yi, and B. A. Baum, “On the radiative properties of ice clouds: Light scattering, remote sensing, and radiation parameterization,” Adv. Atmos. Sci. 32(1), 32–63 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, and W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55(1), 18–28 (1992).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker and L. R. Poole, “Monte-Carlo calculations of cloud returns for ground-based and space-based lidars,” Appl. Phys. B 60(4), 341–344 (1995).
[Crossref]

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

J. W. Hovenier and C. V. M. Van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983).

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (3)

V. Noel, D. M. Winker, T. J. Garrett, and M. Mcgill, “Extinction coefficients retrieved in deep tropical ice clouds from lidar observations using a CALIPSO-like algorithm compared to in-situ measurements from the cloud integrating nephelometer during CRYSTAL-FACE,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1415–1422 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Reverdy, V. Noel, H. Chepfer, and B. Legras, “On the origin of subvisible cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12(24), 12081–12101 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. H. Cole, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, J. Riedi, and L. C. Labonnote, “Ice particle habit and surface roughness derived from PARASOL polarization measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14(7), 3739–3750 (2014).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. (1)

R. E. Holz, S. Platnick, K. Meyer, M. Vaughan, A. Heidinger, P. Yang, G. Wind, S. Dutcher, S. Ackerman, N. Amarasinghe, F. Nagle, and C. Wang, “Resolving cirrus optical thickness biases between CALIOP and MODIS using infrared retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15(20), 29455–29495 (2015).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Meas. Tech. (1)

A. Garnier, J. Pelon, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, C. R. Trepte, and P. Dubuisson, “Lidar multiple scattering factors inferred from CALIPSO lidar and IIR retrievals of semi-transparent cirrus cloud optical depths over oceans,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8(7), 2759–2774 (2015).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Res. (2)

K. N. Liou and Y. Takano, “Light scattering by nonspherical particles: remote sensing and climatic implications,” Atmos. Res. 31(4), 271–298 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. J. Baran, “From the single-scattering properties of ice crystals to climate prediction: A way forward,” Atmos. Res. 112, 45–69 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (2)

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View Of Aerosols And Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, R. J. Boain, G. G. Mace, K. Sassen, Z. Wang, A. J. Illingworth, E. J. O’Connor, W. B. Rossow, S. L. Durden, S. D. Miller, R. T. Austin, A. Benedetti, C. Mitrescu, and The CloudSat Science Team, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitation,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83(12), 1771–1790 (2002).
[Crossref]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

C. Zhou, A. E. Dessler, M. D. Zelinka, P. Yang, and T. Wang, “Cirrus feedback on interannual climate fluctuations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 41(24), 9166–9173 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (3)

M. D. King, W. P. Menzel, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L. A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. A. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 442–458 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. R. Parkinson, “Aqua: An Earth-observing satellite mission to examine water and other climate variables,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 41(2), 173–183 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, G. Hong, P. Minnis, and Y. Hu, “Uncertainties associated with the surface texture of ice particles in satellite-based retrieval of cirrus clouds—Part I: Single-scattering properties of ice crystals with surface roughness,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 46(7), 1940–1947 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Meteorol. (4)

B. A. Baum, A. J. Heymsfield, P. Yang, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part I: Microphysical data and models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1885–1895 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M. D. King, Y. Hu, and S. T. Bedka, “Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. Part II: Narrowband models,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(12), 1896–1911 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. M. R. Platt, “Remote sounding of high clouds: I. Calculation of visible and infrared optical properties from lidar and radiometer measurements,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 18(9), 1130–1143 (1979).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part I: Algorithm description and comparison with in situ data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 41(3), 218–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. (1)

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single-scattering properties of aggregates of bullet rosettes in cirrus,” J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. 46(6), 757–775 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (2)

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell, Z. Liu, W. H. Hunt, and S. A. Young, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(11), 2310–2323 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar Description and Performance Assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Atmos. Sci. (8)

P. Yang, L. Bi, B. A. Baum, K. N. Liou, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cole, “Spectrally consistent scattering, absorption, and polarization properties of atmospheric ice crystals at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 μ m,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(1), 330–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wiscombe, “The delta-M method: rapid yet accurate radiative flux calculations for strongly asymmetric phase functions,” J. Atmos. Sci. 34(9), 1408–1422 (1977).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang and K. Sassen, “Cirrus cloud microphysical property retrieval using lidar and radar measurements. Part II: Midlatitude cirrus microphysical and radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 59(14), 2291–2302 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. M. R. Platt, “Remote sounding of high clouds. III: Monte Carlo calculations of multiple-scattered lidar returns,” J. Atmos. Sci. 38(1), 156–167 (1981).
[Crossref]

C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar and radiometric observations of cirrus clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 30(6), 1191–1204 (1973).
[Crossref]

G. L. Stephens, S. C. Tsay, P. W. Stackhouse, and P. J. Flatau, “The relevance of the microphysical and radiative properties of cirrus clouds to climate and climatic feedback,” J. Atmos. Sci. 47(14), 1742–1754 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. Yi, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, T. L’Ecuyer, L. Oreopoulos, E. J. Mlawer, A. J. Heymsfield, and K. N. Liou, “Influence of ice particle surface roughening on the global cloud radiative effect,” J. Atmos. Sci. 70(9), 2794–2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. J. Heymsfield and C. M. R. Platt, “A Parameterization of the Particle Size Spectrum of Ice Clouds in Terms of the Ambient Temperature and the Ice Water Content,” J. Atmos. Sci. 41(5), 846–855 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Clim. (1)

M. D. Zelinka, S. A. Klein, and D. L. Hartmann, “Computing and partitioning cloud feedbacks using cloud property histograms. Part I: Cloud radiative kernels,” J. Clim. 25(11), 3715–3735 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. (3)

M. Oo and R. Holz, “Improving the CALIOP aerosol optical depth using combined MODIS‐CALIOP observations and CALIOP integrated attenuated total color ratio,” J. Geophys. Res. 116(D14), D14201 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Okamoto, K. Sato, and Y. Hagihara, “Global analysis of ice microphysics from CloudSat and CALIPSO: Incorporation of specular reflection in lidar signals,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(D22), D22209 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Josset, J. Pelon, A. Garnier, Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, P. W. Zhai, R. Kuehn, and P. Lucker, “Cirrus optical depth and lidar ratio retrieval from combined CALIPSO‐CloudSat observations using ocean surface echo,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D5), D05207 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Meteorol. (1)

H. J. aufm Kampe, H. K. Weickmann, and J. J. Kelly, “The influence of temperature on the shape of ice crystals growing at water saturation,” J. Meteorol. 8(3), 168–174 (1951).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (4)

L. Bi and P. Yang, “Accurate simulation of the optical properties of atmospheric ice crystals with the invariant imbedding T-matrix method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 138, 17–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. A. Baum, P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, A. Bansemer, B. H. Cole, A. Merrelli, C. Schmitt, and C. Wang, “Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100µm,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 146, 123–139 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Optimal numerical methods for determining the orientation averages of single-scattering properties of atmospheric ice crystals,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 127, 207–223 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, D. Winker, P. Yang, B. A. Baum, L. Poole, and L. Vann, “Identification of cloud phase from PICASSO-CENA lidar depolarization: A multiple scattering sensitivity study,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 70(4-6), 569–579 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mon. Weather Rev. (2)

K. N. Liou, “Influence of cirrus clouds on weather and climate processes: A global perspective,” Mon. Weather Rev. 114(6), 1167–1199 (1986).
[Crossref]

C. M. R. Platt, D. W. Reynolds, and N. L. Abshire, “Satellite and lidar observations of the albedo, emittance and optical depth of cirrus compared to model calculations,” Mon. Weather Rev. 108(2), 195–204 (1980).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Today (1)

T. S. L’Ecuyer and J. H. Jiang, “Touring the atmosphere aboard the A-Train,” Phys. Today 63(7), 36–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. M. Winker, “Accounting for multiple scattering in retrievals from space lidar,” Proc. SPIE 5059, 128 (2003).
[Crossref]

Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

J. Um and G. M. McFarquhar, “Single‐scattering properties of aggregates of plates,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 135(639), 291–304 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (7)

K. N. Liou, An introduction to atmospheric radiation (Academic, 2002).

M. Wendisch and P. Yang, Theory of atmospheric radiative transfer (John Wiley & Sons, 2012).

P. Yang and K. N. Liou, “Light scattering and absorption by nonspherical ice crystals,” in Light Scattering Reviews: Single and Multiple Light Scattering, Ed. A. Kokhanovsky, Springer-Praxis Publishing, Chichester, UK, 31–71 (2006).

A. G. Borovoi and N. V. Kustova, “Light scattering by large faceted particles,” in Polarimetric Detection, Characterization and Remote Sensing, M. I. Mishchenko, Y. S. Yatskiv, V. K. Rosenbush, and G. Videen, eds. (NATO Science for Peace and Security 2011).

G. B. Arfken and H. J. Weber, Mathematical Methods For Physicists, (6th Edition, Elsevier Academic Press, 2005).

S. Platnick, S. Ackerman, M. King, MODIS Atmosphere L2 Cloud Product (06_L2). NASA MODIS Adaptive Processing System, (Goddard Space Flight Center, 2015).

J. Hallett and B. J. Mason, “The influence of temperature and supersaturation on the habit of ice crystals grown from the vapour,” in Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences (The Royal Society, 1958), pp. 440–453.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics