Abstract

1Gbps full-duplex optical links for 6.25GHz ultra dense WDM frequency slots are demonstrated and optimized for cost-effective metro-access networks. The OLT-ONU downlinks are based on 1Gbps Nyquist-DPSK using MZM and single-detector heterodyne reception obtaining a sensitivity of −52dBm. The ONU-OLT uplinks are based on 1Gbps NRZ-DPSK by directly phase modulated DFB and also single-detector heterodyne reception obtaining same sensitivity of −52dBm. The power budget of full-duplex link is 43dB. These proposed links can provide service to 16 (32) users at each 100 (200) GHz WDM channel.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  5. X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Digital signal processing techniques enabling multi-Tb/s superchannel transmission: an overview of recent advances in DSP-enabled superchannels,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 31(2), 16–24 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Digital signal processing techniques enabling multi-Tb/s superchannel transmission: an overview of recent advances in DSP-enabled superchannels,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 31(2), 16–24 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. N. Cano, A. Lerin, V. Polo, and J. Prat, “Direct phase modulation DFBs for cost-effective ONU transmitter in udWDM PONs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 973–975 (2014).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

H. Song, B. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 12(1), 112–123 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[Crossref]

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, “Statistical properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single‐mode fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(4), 561–567 (1990).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

B. Glance, “Polarization independent coherent optical receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(2), 274–276 (1987).
[Crossref]

Altabas, J. A.

J. A. Altabas, F. Sotelo, J. A. Lazaro, and I. Garces, “Experimental bandwidth optimization for flexible PON using Nyquist shaped PSK,” in 2015 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CI_2_4.

Bao, H.

Cano, I. N.

I. N. Cano, A. Lerin, V. Polo, and J. Prat, “Direct phase modulation DFBs for cost-effective ONU transmitter in udWDM PONs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 973–975 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Digital signal processing techniques enabling multi-Tb/s superchannel transmission: an overview of recent advances in DSP-enabled superchannels,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 31(2), 16–24 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cush, R.

Elbers, J.-P.

Elrefaie, A. F.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[Crossref]

Firth, P.

Funabashi, M.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Garces, I.

J. A. Altabas, F. Sotelo, J. A. Lazaro, and I. Garces, “Experimental bandwidth optimization for flexible PON using Nyquist shaped PSK,” in 2015 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CI_2_4.

Gimlett, J.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[Crossref]

Glance, B.

B. Glance, “Polarization independent coherent optical receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(2), 274–276 (1987).
[Crossref]

Gysel, P.

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, “Statistical properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single‐mode fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(4), 561–567 (1990).
[Crossref]

Iqbal, M. Z.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kasukawa, A.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.

H. Song, B. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 12(1), 112–123 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kimoto, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kise, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lawin, M.

Lazaro, J. A.

J. A. Altabas, F. Sotelo, J. A. Lazaro, and I. Garces, “Experimental bandwidth optimization for flexible PON using Nyquist shaped PSK,” in 2015 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CI_2_4.

Lerin, A.

I. N. Cano, A. Lerin, V. Polo, and J. Prat, “Direct phase modulation DFBs for cost-effective ONU transmitter in udWDM PONs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 973–975 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Digital signal processing techniques enabling multi-Tb/s superchannel transmission: an overview of recent advances in DSP-enabled superchannels,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 31(2), 16–24 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mayne, S.

Mukaihara, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mukherjee, B.

H. Song, B. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 12(1), 112–123 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nasu, H.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nomura, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Oike, M.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pachnicke, S.

Penty, R. V.

Polo, V.

I. N. Cano, A. Lerin, V. Polo, and J. Prat, “Direct phase modulation DFBs for cost-effective ONU transmitter in udWDM PONs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 973–975 (2014).
[Crossref]

Prat, J.

I. N. Cano, A. Lerin, V. Polo, and J. Prat, “Direct phase modulation DFBs for cost-effective ONU transmitter in udWDM PONs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 973–975 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

Shinagawa, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Song, H.

H. Song, B. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 12(1), 112–123 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sotelo, F.

J. A. Altabas, F. Sotelo, J. A. Lazaro, and I. Garces, “Experimental bandwidth optimization for flexible PON using Nyquist shaped PSK,” in 2015 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CI_2_4.

Staubli, R. K.

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, “Statistical properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single‐mode fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(4), 561–567 (1990).
[Crossref]

Takagi, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Takaki, K.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

Tsuji, S.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[Crossref]

Turner, R.

Vodhanel, R. S.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wagner, R. E.

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wale, M.

White, I. H.

Winzer, P. J.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Digital signal processing techniques enabling multi-Tb/s superchannel transmission: an overview of recent advances in DSP-enabled superchannels,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 31(2), 16–24 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wonfor, A.

Zhu, J.

IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. (1)

H. Song, B. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 12(1), 112–123 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

I. N. Cano, A. Lerin, V. Polo, and J. Prat, “Direct phase modulation DFBs for cost-effective ONU transmitter in udWDM PONs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 973–975 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Signal Process. Mag. (1)

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Digital signal processing techniques enabling multi-Tb/s superchannel transmission: an overview of recent advances in DSP-enabled superchannels,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 31(2), 16–24 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

R. S. Vodhanel, A. F. Elrefaie, M. Z. Iqbal, R. E. Wagner, J. Gimlett, and S. Tsuji, “Performance of directly modulated DFB lasers in 10-Gb/s ASK, FSK, and DPSK lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(9), 1379–1386 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. Glance, “Polarization independent coherent optical receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(2), 274–276 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, “Statistical properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single‐mode fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(4), 561–567 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (5)

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi Beleffi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, and V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OThL2.

ITU-T Rec., G.975.1: Forward error correction for high bit-rate DWDM submarine systems (2004).

ITU-T Rec., G.652: Characteristics of a single-mode optical fibre and cable (2009).

J. A. Altabas, F. Sotelo, J. A. Lazaro, and I. Garces, “Experimental bandwidth optimization for flexible PON using Nyquist shaped PSK,” in 2015 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper CI_2_4.

C. Kottke, K. Habel, M. H. Eiselt, H. Griesser, and J. P. Elbers, “Coherent subcarrier-WDM-PON system with SSB modulation and wavelength reuse,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OM2A.3.
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

All-optical access/metro network scenario. Inlet: proposed flexible udWDM full-duplex frequency slot division.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the evaluation of the optical link. PRX at (a) and (e) points, PLO at the (b) and (f) point and PTX at (c) and (d) points.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results showing the optimization of digital BPF and LPF used in the Digital Receiver at the ONU (Nyquist-DPSK modulation) for 1GHz (left) and 2GHz (right) of intermediate frequency.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental results showing the optimization of digital BPF used in the Digital Receiver at the OLT (NRZ-DPSK modulation) for 1GHz (left) and 2GHz (right) of intermediate frequency.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER versus received power for the two links in the OLT-ONU connection, uplink (left) and downlink (right), and for the two heterodyne frequencies (1GHz and 2GHz). Inlets: Eye diagrams for PRX = −36dBm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Link separation setup (c, d), position of the received links and LOs and variation of the interference-backscattering link (a, b, e, f).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER penalty for different links: ONU downlink (a, c) and OLT uplink (b, d).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Spectrum of three contiguous OLT-ONU channels. The central frequency corresponds to 1560.3nm.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Banned frequency bands for the adjacent links. Referenced to the received signal central frequency.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Receiver sensitivity and power budget for a 16 users PON.

Metrics