Abstract

Compared to rare-earth doped glasses, bismuth-doped glasses hold promise for super-broadband near-infrared (NIR) photoemission and potential applications in optical amplification. However, optically active bismuth centers are extremely sensitive to the properties of the surrounding matrix, and also to processing conditions. This is strongly complicating the exploitation of this class of materials, because functional devices require a very delicate adjustment of the redox state of the bismuth species, and its distribution throughout the bulk of the material. It also largely limits some of the conventional processing routes for glass fiber, which start from gas phase deposition and may require very high processing temperature. Here, we investigate the influence of melting time and alkali addition on bismuth-related NIR photoluminescence from melt-derived germanate glasses. We show that the effect of melting time on bismuth-related absorption and NIR photoemission is primarily through bismuth volatilization. Adding alkali oxides as fluxing agents, the melt viscosity can be lowered to reduce either the glass melting temperature, or the melting time, or both. At the same time, however, alkali addition also leads to increasing mean-field basicity, what may reduce the intensity of bismuth-related NIR emission. Preferentially using Li2O over Na2O or K2O presents the best trade-off between those above factors, because its local effect may be adverse to the generally assumed trend of the negative influence of more basic matrix composition. This observation provides an important guideline for the design of melt-derived Bi-doped glasses with efficient NIR photoemission and high optical homogeneity.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  48. Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
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    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, M. Peng, A. Mermet, J. Zheng, and J. Qiu, “Precise frequency shift of NIR luminescence from bismuth-doped Ta2O5–GeO2 glass via composition modulation,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(37), 7830–7835 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, N. Dai, L. Yang, J. Peng, H. Li, J. Li, and W. Liu, “Effects of Al2O3 composition on the near-infrared emission in Bi-doped and Yb–Bi-codoped silicate glasses for broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 383, 196–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(8), 083503 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Sheng, Q. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Efficient methods of obtaining good optical properties in Yb-Bi co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3067–3071 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (11)

N. Dai, H. Luan, B. Xu, L. Yang, Y. Sheng, Z. Liu, and J. Li, “Broadband NIR luminescence of Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(22), 2970–2973 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, Q. Sheng, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of broadband infrared luminescence in a novel Bi-doped P2O5–B2O3–Al2O3 glass,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 156–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, M. Peng, F. Kang, R. Cao, Z. Ma, G. Dong, J. Qiu, and S. Xu, “Broadband NIR luminescence from a new bismuth doped Ba2B5O9Cl crystal: evidence for the Bi0 model,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22569–22578 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. H. Nielsen, M. M. Smedskjaer, M. Peng, Y. Yue, and L. Wondraczek, “Surface-luminescence from thermally reduced bismuth-doped sodium aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(23), 3193–3199 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, O. V. Usovich, E. V. Haula, V. N. Korchak, V. B. Tsvetkov, L. A. Trusov, P. E. Kazin, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (II). subvalent monocation Bi⁺ and cluster Bi₅³⁺ luminescence in AlCl₃/ZnCl₂/BiCl₃ chloride glass,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7212–7220 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Xu, M. Peng, Z. Ma, G. Dong, and J. Qiu, “A new study on bismuth doped oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15692–15702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, “Superbroad near to mid infrared luminescence from Bi53+ in Bi5(AlCl4)3,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2562–2571 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. N. Romanov, E. V. Haula, Z. T. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, V. B. Tsvetkov, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “Near-IR luminescence from subvalent bismuth species in fluoride glass,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 155–158 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

X. Jiang and A. Jha, “An investigation on the dependence of photoluminescence in Bi2O3-doped GeO2 glasses on controlled atmospheres during melting,” Opt. Mater. 33(1), 14–18 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (7)

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Bismuth-doped oxide glasses as potential solar spectral converters and concentrators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(5), 627–630 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Chi, D. Zhou, Z. Song, and J. Qiu, “Effect of optical basicity on broadband infrared fluorescence in bismuth-doped alkali metal germanate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 556–561 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional dependence of the optical properties of bismuth doped lead-aluminum-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 32, 368–373 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Trentelman, “A note on the characterization of bismuth black by Raman microspectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 40(5), 585–589 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, and E. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Advanced bismuth-doped lead-germanate glass for broadband optical gain devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1380–1386 (2008).

2007 (3)

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. F. Santos, L. Wondraczek, J. Deubener, and R. M. Almeida, “Vibrational spectroscopy study of niobium germanosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(18-21), 1875–1881 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X =Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041917 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (5)

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3.,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, X. Meng, J. Qiu, Q. Zhao, and C. Zhu, “GeO2: Bi, M (M = Ga, B) glasses with super-wide infrared luminescence,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403(4-6), 410–414 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, A. Umnikov, M. Yashkov, and A. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Baia, R. Stefan, W. Kiefer, and S. Simon, “Structural characteristics of B2O3-Bi2O3 glasses with high transition metal oxide content,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 36(3), 262–266 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

L. Baia, R. Stefan, J. Popp, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3–Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324(1-2), 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. Onari, M. Miura, and K. Matsuishi, “Raman spectroscopic studies on bismuth nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation technique,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197, 615–618 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O-(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. 100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

P. Tarte, A. Rulmont, M. Liegeois-Duyckaerts, R. Cahay, and J. M. Winand, “Vibrational spectroscopy and solid state chemistry,” Solid State Ion. 42(3-4), 177–196 (1990).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

F. L. Galeener, A. E. Geissberger, G. W. Ogar, and R. E. Loehman, “Vibrational dynamics in isotopically substituted vitreous GeO2,” Phy. Disordered. Mater. 28, 4768 (1983).

Akada, T.

Almeida, R. M.

L. F. Santos, L. Wondraczek, J. Deubener, and R. M. Almeida, “Vibrational spectroscopy study of niobium germanosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(18-21), 1875–1881 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baia, L.

L. Baia, R. Stefan, W. Kiefer, and S. Simon, “Structural characteristics of B2O3-Bi2O3 glasses with high transition metal oxide content,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 36(3), 262–266 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Baia, R. Stefan, J. Popp, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3–Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324(1-2), 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bao, R.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bufetov, I. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cahay, R.

P. Tarte, A. Rulmont, M. Liegeois-Duyckaerts, R. Cahay, and J. M. Winand, “Vibrational spectroscopy and solid state chemistry,” Solid State Ion. 42(3-4), 177–196 (1990).
[Crossref]

Cao, R.

Chen, D.

Q. Sheng, Q. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Efficient methods of obtaining good optical properties in Yb-Bi co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3067–3071 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3.,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, P.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(8), 083503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chi, G.

G. Chi, D. Zhou, Z. Song, and J. Qiu, “Effect of optical basicity on broadband infrared fluorescence in bismuth-doped alkali metal germanate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 556–561 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chryssikos, G. D.

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O-(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. 100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dai, N.

Z. Jiang, N. Dai, L. Yang, J. Peng, H. Li, J. Li, and W. Liu, “Effects of Al2O3 composition on the near-infrared emission in Bi-doped and Yb–Bi-codoped silicate glasses for broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 383, 196–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Dai, H. Luan, B. Xu, L. Yang, Y. Sheng, Z. Liu, and J. Li, “Broadband NIR luminescence of Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(22), 2970–2973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Denker, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[Crossref]

Deubener, J.

L. F. Santos, L. Wondraczek, J. Deubener, and R. M. Almeida, “Vibrational spectroscopy study of niobium germanosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(18-21), 1875–1881 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E.

V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, and E. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, A. Umnikov, M. Yashkov, and A. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dong, G.

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, M. Peng, Z. Ma, G. Dong, and J. Qiu, “A new study on bismuth doped oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15692–15702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, M. Peng, F. Kang, R. Cao, Z. Ma, G. Dong, J. Qiu, and S. Xu, “Broadband NIR luminescence from a new bismuth doped Ba2B5O9Cl crystal: evidence for the Bi0 model,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22569–22578 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dvoyrin, V.

V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, and E. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, A. Umnikov, M. Yashkov, and A. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fan, X.

Fattakhova, Z. T.

Firstov, S. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Galagan, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[Crossref]

Galeener, F. L.

F. L. Galeener, A. E. Geissberger, G. W. Ogar, and R. E. Loehman, “Vibrational dynamics in isotopically substituted vitreous GeO2,” Phy. Disordered. Mater. 28, 4768 (1983).

Geissberger, A. E.

F. L. Galeener, A. E. Geissberger, G. W. Ogar, and R. E. Loehman, “Vibrational dynamics in isotopically substituted vitreous GeO2,” Phy. Disordered. Mater. 28, 4768 (1983).

Guan, M.

Guo, X.

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guryanov, A.

E. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, A. Umnikov, M. Yashkov, and A. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A. N.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(8), 083503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hau, T. M.

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haula, E. V.

Hewak, D. W.

Hong, Z.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(8), 083503 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, L.

X. Wang, Q. Sheng, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of broadband infrared luminescence in a novel Bi-doped P2O5–B2O3–Al2O3 glass,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 156–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hughes, M.

Hughes, M. A.

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional dependence of the optical properties of bismuth doped lead-aluminum-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 32, 368–373 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jain, H.

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O-(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. 100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jha, A.

X. Jiang and A. Jha, “An investigation on the dependence of photoluminescence in Bi2O3-doped GeO2 glasses on controlled atmospheres during melting,” Opt. Mater. 33(1), 14–18 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang and A. Jha, “An investigation on the dependence of photoluminescence in Bi2O3-doped GeO2 glasses on controlled atmospheres during melting,” Opt. Mater. 33(1), 14–18 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, N. Dai, L. Yang, J. Peng, H. Li, J. Li, and W. Liu, “Effects of Al2O3 composition on the near-infrared emission in Bi-doped and Yb–Bi-codoped silicate glasses for broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 383, 196–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kamitsos, E. I.

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O-(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. 100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kang, F.

Karakassides, M. A.

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O-(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. 100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kazin, P. E.

Khopin, V. F.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiefer, W.

L. Baia, R. Stefan, W. Kiefer, and S. Simon, “Structural characteristics of B2O3-Bi2O3 glasses with high transition metal oxide content,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 36(3), 262–266 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Baia, R. Stefan, J. Popp, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3–Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324(1-2), 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

Korchak, V. N.

Li, C.

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Z. Jiang, N. Dai, L. Yang, J. Peng, H. Li, J. Li, and W. Liu, “Effects of Al2O3 composition on the near-infrared emission in Bi-doped and Yb–Bi-codoped silicate glasses for broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 383, 196–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

Z. Jiang, N. Dai, L. Yang, J. Peng, H. Li, J. Li, and W. Liu, “Effects of Al2O3 composition on the near-infrared emission in Bi-doped and Yb–Bi-codoped silicate glasses for broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 383, 196–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Dai, H. Luan, B. Xu, L. Yang, Y. Sheng, Z. Liu, and J. Li, “Broadband NIR luminescence of Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(22), 2970–2973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liegeois-Duyckaerts, M.

P. Tarte, A. Rulmont, M. Liegeois-Duyckaerts, R. Cahay, and J. M. Winand, “Vibrational spectroscopy and solid state chemistry,” Solid State Ion. 42(3-4), 177–196 (1990).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Z. Jiang, N. Dai, L. Yang, J. Peng, H. Li, J. Li, and W. Liu, “Effects of Al2O3 composition on the near-infrared emission in Bi-doped and Yb–Bi-codoped silicate glasses for broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 383, 196–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

N. Dai, H. Luan, B. Xu, L. Yang, Y. Sheng, Z. Liu, and J. Li, “Broadband NIR luminescence of Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(22), 2970–2973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Loehman, R. E.

F. L. Galeener, A. E. Geissberger, G. W. Ogar, and R. E. Loehman, “Vibrational dynamics in isotopically substituted vitreous GeO2,” Phy. Disordered. Mater. 28, 4768 (1983).

Luan, H.

N. Dai, H. Luan, B. Xu, L. Yang, Y. Sheng, Z. Liu, and J. Li, “Broadband NIR luminescence of Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(22), 2970–2973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, Z.

Mashinsky, V.

V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, and E. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, A. Umnikov, M. Yashkov, and A. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Matsuishi, K.

S. Onari, M. Miura, and K. Matsuishi, “Raman spectroscopic studies on bismuth nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation technique,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197, 615–618 (2002).
[Crossref]

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, X.

Mermet, A.

Y. Zhao, M. Peng, A. Mermet, J. Zheng, and J. Qiu, “Precise frequency shift of NIR luminescence from bismuth-doped Ta2O5–GeO2 glass via composition modulation,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(37), 7830–7835 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miura, M.

S. Onari, M. Miura, and K. Matsuishi, “Raman spectroscopic studies on bismuth nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation technique,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197, 615–618 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, K. H.

K. H. Nielsen, M. M. Smedskjaer, M. Peng, Y. Yue, and L. Wondraczek, “Surface-luminescence from thermally reduced bismuth-doped sodium aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(23), 3193–3199 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ogar, G. W.

F. L. Galeener, A. E. Geissberger, G. W. Ogar, and R. E. Loehman, “Vibrational dynamics in isotopically substituted vitreous GeO2,” Phy. Disordered. Mater. 28, 4768 (1983).

Ohishi, Y.

Onari, S.

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Peng, J.

Z. Jiang, N. Dai, L. Yang, J. Peng, H. Li, J. Li, and W. Liu, “Effects of Al2O3 composition on the near-infrared emission in Bi-doped and Yb–Bi-codoped silicate glasses for broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 383, 196–199 (2014).
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Peng, M.

Y. Zhao, M. Peng, A. Mermet, J. Zheng, and J. Qiu, “Precise frequency shift of NIR luminescence from bismuth-doped Ta2O5–GeO2 glass via composition modulation,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(37), 7830–7835 (2014).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, M. Peng, F. Kang, R. Cao, Z. Ma, G. Dong, J. Qiu, and S. Xu, “Broadband NIR luminescence from a new bismuth doped Ba2B5O9Cl crystal: evidence for the Bi0 model,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22569–22578 (2012).
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W. Xu, M. Peng, Z. Ma, G. Dong, and J. Qiu, “A new study on bismuth doped oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15692–15702 (2012).
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R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, “Superbroad near to mid infrared luminescence from Bi53+ in Bi5(AlCl4)3,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2562–2571 (2012).
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M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
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M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Bismuth-doped oxide glasses as potential solar spectral converters and concentrators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(5), 627–630 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
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M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, X. Meng, J. Qiu, Q. Zhao, and C. Zhu, “GeO2: Bi, M (M = Ga, B) glasses with super-wide infrared luminescence,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403(4-6), 410–414 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
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M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3.,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
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M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
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L. Baia, R. Stefan, J. Popp, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3–Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324(1-2), 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

Y. Zhao, M. Peng, A. Mermet, J. Zheng, and J. Qiu, “Precise frequency shift of NIR luminescence from bismuth-doped Ta2O5–GeO2 glass via composition modulation,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(37), 7830–7835 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(8), 083503 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, “Superbroad near to mid infrared luminescence from Bi53+ in Bi5(AlCl4)3,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2562–2571 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Xu, M. Peng, Z. Ma, G. Dong, and J. Qiu, “A new study on bismuth doped oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15692–15702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, M. Peng, F. Kang, R. Cao, Z. Ma, G. Dong, J. Qiu, and S. Xu, “Broadband NIR luminescence from a new bismuth doped Ba2B5O9Cl crystal: evidence for the Bi0 model,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22569–22578 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Chi, D. Zhou, Z. Song, and J. Qiu, “Effect of optical basicity on broadband infrared fluorescence in bismuth-doped alkali metal germanate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 556–561 (2009).
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J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
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J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, X. Meng, J. Qiu, Q. Zhao, and C. Zhu, “GeO2: Bi, M (M = Ga, B) glasses with super-wide infrared luminescence,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403(4-6), 410–414 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3.,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
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I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
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Rulmont, A.

P. Tarte, A. Rulmont, M. Liegeois-Duyckaerts, R. Cahay, and J. M. Winand, “Vibrational spectroscopy and solid state chemistry,” Solid State Ion. 42(3-4), 177–196 (1990).
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L. F. Santos, L. Wondraczek, J. Deubener, and R. M. Almeida, “Vibrational spectroscopy study of niobium germanosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(18-21), 1875–1881 (2007).
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Q. Sheng, Q. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Efficient methods of obtaining good optical properties in Yb-Bi co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3067–3071 (2013).
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X. Wang, Q. Sheng, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of broadband infrared luminescence in a novel Bi-doped P2O5–B2O3–Al2O3 glass,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 156–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Y.

N. Dai, H. Luan, B. Xu, L. Yang, Y. Sheng, Z. Liu, and J. Li, “Broadband NIR luminescence of Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(22), 2970–2973 (2012).
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I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
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L. Baia, R. Stefan, J. Popp, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3–Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324(1-2), 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

Smedskjaer, M. M.

K. H. Nielsen, M. M. Smedskjaer, M. Peng, Y. Yue, and L. Wondraczek, “Surface-luminescence from thermally reduced bismuth-doped sodium aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(23), 3193–3199 (2012).
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Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
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G. Chi, D. Zhou, Z. Song, and J. Qiu, “Effect of optical basicity on broadband infrared fluorescence in bismuth-doped alkali metal germanate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 556–561 (2009).
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Stefan, R.

L. Baia, R. Stefan, W. Kiefer, and S. Simon, “Structural characteristics of B2O3-Bi2O3 glasses with high transition metal oxide content,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 36(3), 262–266 (2005).
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L. Baia, R. Stefan, J. Popp, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3–Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324(1-2), 109–117 (2003).
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X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
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X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
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Suzuki, T.

Sverchkov, S.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tan, D.

Tang, H.

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
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X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
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Veber, A. A.

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Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, Q. Sheng, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of broadband infrared luminescence in a novel Bi-doped P2O5–B2O3–Al2O3 glass,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 156–158 (2012).
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H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X =Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041917 (2006).
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P. Tarte, A. Rulmont, M. Liegeois-Duyckaerts, R. Cahay, and J. M. Winand, “Vibrational spectroscopy and solid state chemistry,” Solid State Ion. 42(3-4), 177–196 (1990).
[Crossref]

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K. H. Nielsen, M. M. Smedskjaer, M. Peng, Y. Yue, and L. Wondraczek, “Surface-luminescence from thermally reduced bismuth-doped sodium aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(23), 3193–3199 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, “Superbroad near to mid infrared luminescence from Bi53+ in Bi5(AlCl4)3,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2562–2571 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Bismuth-doped oxide glasses as potential solar spectral converters and concentrators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(5), 627–630 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. F. Santos, L. Wondraczek, J. Deubener, and R. M. Almeida, “Vibrational spectroscopy study of niobium germanosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(18-21), 1875–1881 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xia, H.

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X =Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041917 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(8), 083503 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Dai, H. Luan, B. Xu, L. Yang, Y. Sheng, Z. Liu, and J. Li, “Broadband NIR luminescence of Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(22), 2970–2973 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

J. Zheng, M. Peng, F. Kang, R. Cao, Z. Ma, G. Dong, J. Qiu, and S. Xu, “Broadband NIR luminescence from a new bismuth doped Ba2B5O9Cl crystal: evidence for the Bi0 model,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22569–22578 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, W.

Xu, X.

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, I.

Yang, L.

Z. Jiang, N. Dai, L. Yang, J. Peng, H. Li, J. Li, and W. Liu, “Effects of Al2O3 composition on the near-infrared emission in Bi-doped and Yb–Bi-codoped silicate glasses for broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 383, 196–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Dai, H. Luan, B. Xu, L. Yang, Y. Sheng, Z. Liu, and J. Li, “Broadband NIR luminescence of Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(22), 2970–2973 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yashkov, M.

E. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, A. Umnikov, M. Yashkov, and A. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
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Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, P.

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yue, Y.

K. H. Nielsen, M. M. Smedskjaer, M. Peng, Y. Yue, and L. Wondraczek, “Surface-luminescence from thermally reduced bismuth-doped sodium aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(23), 3193–3199 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Y.

Zhang, J.

X. Wang, Q. Sheng, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of broadband infrared luminescence in a novel Bi-doped P2O5–B2O3–Al2O3 glass,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 156–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, N.

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Q.

M. Peng, X. Meng, J. Qiu, Q. Zhao, and C. Zhu, “GeO2: Bi, M (M = Ga, B) glasses with super-wide infrared luminescence,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403(4-6), 410–414 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, M. Peng, A. Mermet, J. Zheng, and J. Qiu, “Precise frequency shift of NIR luminescence from bismuth-doped Ta2O5–GeO2 glass via composition modulation,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(37), 7830–7835 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

Y. Zhao, M. Peng, A. Mermet, J. Zheng, and J. Qiu, “Precise frequency shift of NIR luminescence from bismuth-doped Ta2O5–GeO2 glass via composition modulation,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(37), 7830–7835 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, M. Peng, F. Kang, R. Cao, Z. Ma, G. Dong, J. Qiu, and S. Xu, “Broadband NIR luminescence from a new bismuth doped Ba2B5O9Cl crystal: evidence for the Bi0 model,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22569–22578 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, L.

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhigunov, D. M.

A. N. Romanov, E. V. Haula, Z. T. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, V. B. Tsvetkov, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “Near-IR luminescence from subvalent bismuth species in fluoride glass,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 155–158 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, D.

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Chi, D. Zhou, Z. Song, and J. Qiu, “Effect of optical basicity on broadband infrared fluorescence in bismuth-doped alkali metal germanate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 556–561 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

Zhou, Q.

Q. Sheng, Q. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Efficient methods of obtaining good optical properties in Yb-Bi co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3067–3071 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, S.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(8), 083503 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, C.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, X. Meng, J. Qiu, Q. Zhao, and C. Zhu, “GeO2: Bi, M (M = Ga, B) glasses with super-wide infrared luminescence,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403(4-6), 410–414 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3.,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zollfrank, C.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 135–137 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3–GeO2–X (X =Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041917 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

S. Onari, M. Miura, and K. Matsuishi, “Raman spectroscopic studies on bismuth nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation technique,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197, 615–618 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Peng, X. Meng, J. Qiu, Q. Zhao, and C. Zhu, “GeO2: Bi, M (M = Ga, B) glasses with super-wide infrared luminescence,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 403(4-6), 410–414 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, and E. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

J. Ren, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Hu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Luminescence properties of bismuth-doped lime silicate glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 463(1-2), L5–L8 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germanate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(8), 083503 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Bismuth-doped oxide glasses as potential solar spectral converters and concentrators,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(5), 627–630 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (2)

Y. Zhao, M. Peng, A. Mermet, J. Zheng, and J. Qiu, “Precise frequency shift of NIR luminescence from bismuth-doped Ta2O5–GeO2 glass via composition modulation,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(37), 7830–7835 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Sheng, Q. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Efficient methods of obtaining good optical properties in Yb-Bi co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3067–3071 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (6)

N. Dai, H. Luan, B. Xu, L. Yang, Y. Sheng, Z. Liu, and J. Li, “Broadband NIR luminescence of Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(22), 2970–2973 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, N. Dai, L. Yang, J. Peng, H. Li, J. Li, and W. Liu, “Effects of Al2O3 composition on the near-infrared emission in Bi-doped and Yb–Bi-codoped silicate glasses for broadband optical amplification,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 383, 196–199 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. H. Nielsen, M. M. Smedskjaer, M. Peng, Y. Yue, and L. Wondraczek, “Surface-luminescence from thermally reduced bismuth-doped sodium aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(23), 3193–3199 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. F. Santos, L. Wondraczek, J. Deubener, and R. M. Almeida, “Vibrational spectroscopy study of niobium germanosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(18-21), 1875–1881 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Baia, R. Stefan, J. Popp, S. Simon, and W. Kiefer, “Vibrational spectroscopy of highly iron doped B2O3–Bi2O3 glass systems,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 324(1-2), 109–117 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O-(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. 100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (2)

L. Baia, R. Stefan, W. Kiefer, and S. Simon, “Structural characteristics of B2O3-Bi2O3 glasses with high transition metal oxide content,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 36(3), 262–266 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Trentelman, “A note on the characterization of bismuth black by Raman microspectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 40(5), 585–589 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (1)

X. Wang, Q. Sheng, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Observation of broadband infrared luminescence in a novel Bi-doped P2O5–B2O3–Al2O3 glass,” Mater. Lett. 66(1), 156–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

J. Zheng, M. Peng, F. Kang, R. Cao, Z. Ma, G. Dong, J. Qiu, and S. Xu, “Broadband NIR luminescence from a new bismuth doped Ba2B5O9Cl crystal: evidence for the Bi0 model,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22569–22578 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Broadband infrared luminescence from Li2O-Al2O3-ZnO-SiO2 glasses doped with Bi2O3.,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6892–6898 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, O. V. Usovich, E. V. Haula, V. N. Korchak, V. B. Tsvetkov, L. A. Trusov, P. E. Kazin, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (II). subvalent monocation Bi⁺ and cluster Bi₅³⁺ luminescence in AlCl₃/ZnCl₂/BiCl₃ chloride glass,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7212–7220 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Xu, M. Peng, Z. Ma, G. Dong, and J. Qiu, “A new study on bismuth doped oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15692–15702 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, “Superbroad near to mid infrared luminescence from Bi53+ in Bi5(AlCl4)3,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2562–2571 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (6)

A. N. Romanov, E. V. Haula, Z. T. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, V. B. Tsvetkov, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “Near-IR luminescence from subvalent bismuth species in fluoride glass,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 155–158 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional dependence of the optical properties of bismuth doped lead-aluminum-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 32, 368–373 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang and A. Jha, “An investigation on the dependence of photoluminescence in Bi2O3-doped GeO2 glasses on controlled atmospheres during melting,” Opt. Mater. 33(1), 14–18 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, D. Chen, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth-doped zinc aluminosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics with ultra-broadband infrared luminescence,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 556–561 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Song, C. Li, Y. Li, Z. Yang, D. Zhou, Z. Yin, X. Wang, Q. Wang, T. M. Hau, Z. Zhao, Y. Yang, X. Yu, and J. Qiu, “The influence of alkali ions size on the superbroadband NIR emission from bismuth-doped alkali aluminoborophosphsilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 35(1), 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Chi, D. Zhou, Z. Song, and J. Qiu, “Effect of optical basicity on broadband infrared fluorescence in bismuth-doped alkali metal germanate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(6), 556–561 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phy. Disordered. Mater. (1)

F. L. Galeener, A. E. Geissberger, G. W. Ogar, and R. E. Loehman, “Vibrational dynamics in isotopically substituted vitreous GeO2,” Phy. Disordered. Mater. 28, 4768 (1983).

Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Dianov, V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, A. Umnikov, M. Yashkov, and A. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Solid State Ion. (1)

P. Tarte, A. Rulmont, M. Liegeois-Duyckaerts, R. Cahay, and J. M. Winand, “Vibrational spectroscopy and solid state chemistry,” Solid State Ion. 42(3-4), 177–196 (1990).
[Crossref]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of samples GTL1B melted for different times (labels). Inset (a) and (b) are intensity-normalized absorption spectra from 465 to 565 nm and from 650 to 750 nm, respectively. The right photographs are samples GTL1B melted for 20, 100, 160, 240 min, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Emission spectra of samples GTL1B melted for different times (labels) upon the excitation of the 808nm LD; (b) Emission spectra of samples melted for 20 and 240 min, respectively, the intensities of which are normalized to reveal the peak shift along melting time.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectra of samples (a) GTByL (y = 0, 5, 10, 15, 20) and (b) GTB10M (M = L, N, K).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photographs of samples GTByM (M = L, y = 0, 5, 10, 15; M = N, y = 5, 10, 15; M = K, y = 5, 10.). The alkali oxide concentration in each sample increases from left to right, the alkali ionic radius increases from top to bottom. The lower right corner photograph shows the reference sample without alkali doping.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

WDS line-scanning spectra of sample GTB10K. The top show an optical photograph (left) and a back scattered-electron (BSE) image (right) of the same sample. The blue dotted line in the BSE image marks the scanning zone. The scans were taken along a visual color transition from yellowish brown to black, as indicated by the red separation line and the arrows in the top image.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Raman spectra of sample GTK at different random spots. The inset is the sample GTK photograph; (b) Raman spectra of sample GTB10K at different spots which distribute between the two dashed green lines, as shown in the inset, from right to left (Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4, B1, B2, B3, B4). Spots Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 belong to the yellowish brown area and the others to the black area. The inset in Fig. 6(b) is the sample GTB10K photograph. The blue and green balls in the polyhedra beside the Raman peaks stand for germanium and oxygen, respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Raman spectra of samples GTByL (y = 0, 5, 10, 15, 20); (b) Raman spectra of samples GTB0L and GTB5M (M = L, N, K). The blue and green balls in the polyhedra beside the Raman peaks stand for germanium and oxygen, respectively.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Emission spectra of sample GTByM (M = L, y = 0, 5, 10, 15, 20; M = N, y = 5, 10, 15; M = K, y = 5, 10.) upon 808 nm LD excitation; (b) Dependence of emission intensity on alkali oxide concentration.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Dependence of optical basicity on alkali oxide concentration in samples GTByM (M = L, y = 0, 5, 10, 15, 20; M = N, y = 5, 10, 15; M = K, y = 5, 10.); (b) Emission intensity upon 808 nm excitation as a function of each sample’s optical basicity.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Dependence of emission wavelength on alkali oxide concentration in samples GTByM (M = L, y = 0, 5, 10, 15, 20; M = N, y = 5, 10, 15; M = K, y = 5, 10.); (b) Dependence of emission wavelength on 808 nm excitation on optical basicity.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Raman spectra of samples GTLxB (x = 0.1, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5) and GTB10K.

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