Abstract

Employing a fiber-coupled diode-laser with a center wavelength of 852.25 nm and a line width of 0.17 nm, experimental investigation on diode-end-pumped cesium (Cs) vapor laser stably operated at continuous-wave (CW) and pulse regime is carried out. A 5 mm long cesium vapor cell filled with 60 kPa helium and 20 kPa ethane is used as laser medium. Using an output coupler with reflectivity of 48.79%, 1.26 W 894.57 nm CW laser is obtained at an incident pump power of 4.76 W, corresponding an optical-optical efficiency of 26.8% and a slope-efficiency of 28.8%, respectively. The threshold temperature is 67.5 °C. Stable pulsed cesium laser with a maximum average output power of 2.6 W is obtained at a repetition rate of 76 Hz, and the pulse repetition rate can be extend to 1 kHz with a pulse width of 18 μs.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2014 (3)

2013 (2)

L. Ge, W. Hua, H. Wang, Z. Yang, and X. Xu, “Study on photoionization in a rubidium diode-pumped alkali laser gain medium with the optogalvanic method,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 199–201 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. D. Barmashenko, S. Rosenwaks, and M. C. Heaven, “Static diode pumped alkali lasers: Model calculations of the effects of heating, ionization, high electronic excitation and chemical reactions,” Opt. Commun. 292(1), 123–125 (2013).

2012 (1)

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. J. Knize, B. V. Zhdanov, and M. K. Shaffer, “Photoionization in alkali lasers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7894–7902 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. D. Zameroski, G. D. Hager, W. Rudolph, and D. A. Hostutler, “Experimental and numerical modeling studies of a pulsed rubidium optically pumped alkali metal vapor laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(5), 1088–1099 (2011).

2010 (2)

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode-pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zweiback, A. Komashko, and W. F. Krupke, “Alkali vapor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7581, 7581G (2010).

2007 (1)

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Advanced diode-pumped Alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7022, 70220J (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

A. Andalkar and R. B. Warrington, “High-resolution measurement of the pressure broadening and shift off the Cs D1 and D2 lines by N2 and He buffer gases,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 032708 (2002).
[Crossref]

Andalkar, A.

A. Andalkar and R. B. Warrington, “High-resolution measurement of the pressure broadening and shift off the Cs D1 and D2 lines by N2 and He buffer gases,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 032708 (2002).
[Crossref]

Barmashenko, B. D.

B. D. Barmashenko, S. Rosenwaks, and M. C. Heaven, “Static diode pumped alkali lasers: Model calculations of the effects of heating, ionization, high electronic excitation and chemical reactions,” Opt. Commun. 292(1), 123–125 (2013).

Beach, R. J.

Bogachev, A. V.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cai, H.

Chen, F.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. B.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode-pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dudov, A. M.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ehrenreich, T.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gao, F.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ge, L.

Geranin, S. G.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hager, G. D.

Han, J.

Heaven, M. C.

B. D. Barmashenko, S. Rosenwaks, and M. C. Heaven, “Static diode pumped alkali lasers: Model calculations of the effects of heating, ionization, high electronic excitation and chemical reactions,” Opt. Commun. 292(1), 123–125 (2013).

Hostutler, D. A.

Hua, W.

Hua, W. H.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kanz, V. K.

Knize, R. J.

R. J. Knize, B. V. Zhdanov, and M. K. Shaffer, “Photoionization in alkali lasers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7894–7902 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Advanced diode-pumped Alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7022, 70220J (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[Crossref]

Komashko, A.

J. Zweiback, A. Komashko, and W. F. Krupke, “Alkali vapor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7581, 7581G (2010).

Krupke, W. F.

Kulikov, S. M.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, D. J.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. D.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liao, Z.

Liu, L.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, Q. S.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mikaelian, G. T.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Page, R. H.

Pan, B. L.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode-pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Panarin, V. A.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pautov, V. O.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

Phipps, S. P.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rosenwaks, S.

B. D. Barmashenko, S. Rosenwaks, and M. C. Heaven, “Static diode pumped alkali lasers: Model calculations of the effects of heating, ionization, high electronic excitation and chemical reactions,” Opt. Commun. 292(1), 123–125 (2013).

Rudolph, W.

Rus, A. V.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shaffer, M. K.

Sukharev, S. A.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takekoshi, T.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, H. Y.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. J.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode-pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Warrington, R. B.

A. Andalkar and R. B. Warrington, “High-resolution measurement of the pressure broadening and shift off the Cs D1 and D2 lines by N2 and He buffer gases,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 032708 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xie, J. J.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

Xu, X. J.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xue, L.

Yang, G. L.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Yang, Z. N.

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yeroshenko, V. A.

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zameroski, N. D.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X. Y.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode-pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhdanov, B.

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhdanov, B. V.

R. J. Knize, B. V. Zhdanov, and M. K. Shaffer, “Photoionization in alkali lasers,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7894–7902 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Advanced diode-pumped Alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7022, 70220J (2007).
[Crossref]

Zheng, C. B.

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Q.

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode-pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zuo, L.

Zweiback, J.

J. Zweiback, A. Komashko, and W. F. Krupke, “Alkali vapor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7581, 7581G (2010).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Ehrenreich, B. Zhdanov, T. Takekoshi, S. P. Phipps, and R. J. Knize, “Diode pumped caesium laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(7), 415–416 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

Z. N. Yang, H. Y. Wang, Q. S. Lu, L. Liu, Y. D. Li, W. H. Hua, X. J. Xu, and J. B. Chen, “Theoretical model and novel numerical approach of a broadband optically pumped three-level alkali vapour laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(8), 085401 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Q. Zhu, B. L. Pan, L. Chen, Y. J. Wang, and X. Y. Zhang, “Analysis of temperature distributions in diode-pumped alkali vapor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(11), 2406–2410 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. D. Barmashenko, S. Rosenwaks, and M. C. Heaven, “Static diode pumped alkali lasers: Model calculations of the effects of heating, ionization, high electronic excitation and chemical reactions,” Opt. Commun. 292(1), 123–125 (2013).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

F. Gao, F. Chen, J. J. Xie, D. J. Li, J. J. Xie, G. L. Yang, C. B. Zheng, Y. Xu, and J. Guo, “Comparative study of diode-pumped hydrocarbon free Rb and K vapor lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 58, 166–171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Andalkar and R. B. Warrington, “High-resolution measurement of the pressure broadening and shift off the Cs D1 and D2 lines by N2 and He buffer gases,” Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 032708 (2002).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. Zweiback, A. Komashko, and W. F. Krupke, “Alkali vapor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7581, 7581G (2010).

B. V. Zhdanov and R. J. Knize, “Advanced diode-pumped Alkali lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7022, 70220J (2007).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Bogachev, S. G. Geranin, A. M. Dudov, V. A. Yeroshenko, S. M. Kulikov, G. T. Mikaelian, V. A. Panarin, V. O. Pautov, A. V. Rus, and S. A. Sukharev, “Diode-pumped caesium vapor laser with closed-cycle laser-active medium circulation,” Quantum Electron. 42(2), 95–98 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

B. V. Zhdanov, M. K. Shaffer, and R. J. Knize,“Demonstration of a diode pumped continuous wave Potassium laser,” Proc. of SPIE 7915, 7915 (2011).

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Sketch of the experimental setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Spectrum and beam spot of Cs laser.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Output power of CW Cs laser versus the incident pump power.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output power of CW Cs laser versus the cell temperature.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output power of CW Cs laser versus incident pump power under different cell temperature.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Output power of CW Cs laser versus the focal length of collimating lens.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Slope efficiency of the CW Cs laser versus the focal length of collimating lens.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Output power of the CW Cs laser versus pump power using different pump beam waist.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Slope efficiency of the CW Cs laser versus the position of the pump beam waist.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Output power of the pulsed Cs laser versus pump power under different pump beam waist.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Output laser pulses of Cs laser (a) pulse train (b) pulse shape.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Stability of the output laser (a) CW regime (b) Pulse regime.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Beam profile of Cs laser.

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