Abstract

For long distance orbital angular momentum (OAM) based transmission, the conventional whole beam receiving scheme encounters the difficulty of large aperture due to the divergence of OAM beams. We propose a novel partial receiving scheme, using a restricted angular aperture to receive and demultiplex multi-OAM-mode beams. The scheme is theoretically analyzed to show that a regularly spaced OAM mode set remain orthogonal and therefore can be de-multiplexed. Experiments have been carried out to verify the feasibility. This partial receiving scheme can serve as an effective method with both space and cost savings for the OAM communications. It is applicable to both free space OAM optical communications and radio frequency (RF) OAM communications.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Orbital angular momentum demultiplexing with synthetic partial aperture receivers

Duo Deng, Yan Li, Hua Zhao, Yi Liu, and Shiliang Qu
Opt. Lett. 44(11) 2689-2692 (2019)

Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams

A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. P. J. Lavery, M. Tur, S. Ramachandran, A. F. Molisch, N. Ashrafi, and S. Ashrafi
Adv. Opt. Photon. 7(1) 66-106 (2015)

Performance metrics and design considerations for a free-space optical orbital-angular-momentum–multiplexed communication link

Guodong Xie, Long Li, Yongxiong Ren, Hao Huang, Yan Yan, Nisar Ahmed, Zhe Zhao, Martin P. J. Lavery, Nima Ashrafi, Solyman Ashrafi, Robert Bock, Moshe Tur, Andreas F. Molisch, and Alan E. Willner
Optica 2(4) 357-365 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Taylor and Francis, 2003).
  2. J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. F. Tamburini, E. Mari, A. Sponselli, B. Thide, A. Bianchini, and F. Romanato, “Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test,” New J. Phys. 14(3), 033001 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. I. B. Djordjevic, “Deep-space and near-Earth optical communications by coded orbital angular momentum (OAM) modulation,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14277–14289 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5448–5456 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. F. Arnold, S. M. Barnett, E. Yao, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Uncertainty principle for angular position and angular momentum,” New J. Phys. 6, 103 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Angular diffraction,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 103013 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. C. Schuze, A. Dudley, D. Flamm, M. Duparre, and A. Forbes, “Measurement of the orbital angular momentum density of light by modal decomposition,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073025 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. Xie, Y. Ren, H. Huang, Y. Yan, C. Bao, N. Ahmed, M. Willner, M. P. J. Lavery, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “Analysis of aperture size for partially receiving and de-multiplexing 100-Gbit/s optical orbital angular momentum channels over free-space link,” in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom 2013 workshop-Optical Wireless Communications (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1116–1120.
  14. G. Xie, Y. Ren, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, L. Li, Y. Yan, M. P. J. Lavery, M. J. Padgett, M. Tur, S. J. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, “Experimental comparison of single and double partial receiver apertures for recovering signals transmitted using orbital-angular-momentum,” in CLOE 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper SM3J.2.
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

C. Schuze, A. Dudley, D. Flamm, M. Duparre, and A. Forbes, “Measurement of the orbital angular momentum density of light by modal decomposition,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073025 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, A. Sponselli, B. Thide, A. Bianchini, and F. Romanato, “Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test,” New J. Phys. 14(3), 033001 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2008 (1)

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Angular diffraction,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 103013 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. F. Arnold, S. M. Barnett, E. Yao, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Uncertainty principle for angular position and angular momentum,” New J. Phys. 6, 103 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahmed, N.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnold, S. F.

S. F. Arnold, S. M. Barnett, E. Yao, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Uncertainty principle for angular position and angular momentum,” New J. Phys. 6, 103 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bao, C.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnett, S.

Barnett, S. M.

S. F. Arnold, S. M. Barnett, E. Yao, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Uncertainty principle for angular position and angular momentum,” New J. Phys. 6, 103 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bianchini, A.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, A. Sponselli, B. Thide, A. Bianchini, and F. Romanato, “Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test,” New J. Phys. 14(3), 033001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Courtial, J.

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. F. Arnold, S. M. Barnett, E. Yao, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Uncertainty principle for angular position and angular momentum,” New J. Phys. 6, 103 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Djordjevic, I. B.

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dudley, A.

C. Schuze, A. Dudley, D. Flamm, M. Duparre, and A. Forbes, “Measurement of the orbital angular momentum density of light by modal decomposition,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Duparre, M.

C. Schuze, A. Dudley, D. Flamm, M. Duparre, and A. Forbes, “Measurement of the orbital angular momentum density of light by modal decomposition,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Flamm, D.

C. Schuze, A. Dudley, D. Flamm, M. Duparre, and A. Forbes, “Measurement of the orbital angular momentum density of light by modal decomposition,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Forbes, A.

C. Schuze, A. Dudley, D. Flamm, M. Duparre, and A. Forbes, “Measurement of the orbital angular momentum density of light by modal decomposition,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Franke-Arnold, S.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Angular diffraction,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 103013 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gibson, G.

Huang, H.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jack, B.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Angular diffraction,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 103013 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lavery, M. P. J.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leach, J.

S. F. Arnold, S. M. Barnett, E. Yao, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Uncertainty principle for angular position and angular momentum,” New J. Phys. 6, 103 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mari, E.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, A. Sponselli, B. Thide, A. Bianchini, and F. Romanato, “Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test,” New J. Phys. 14(3), 033001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Molisch, A. F.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padgett, M.

S. F. Arnold, S. M. Barnett, E. Yao, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Uncertainty principle for angular position and angular momentum,” New J. Phys. 6, 103 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padgett, M. J.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Angular diffraction,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 103013 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pas’ko, V.

Ren, Y.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Robertson, D. J.

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

Romanato, F.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, A. Sponselli, B. Thide, A. Bianchini, and F. Romanato, “Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test,” New J. Phys. 14(3), 033001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schuze, C.

C. Schuze, A. Dudley, D. Flamm, M. Duparre, and A. Forbes, “Measurement of the orbital angular momentum density of light by modal decomposition,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073025 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sponselli, A.

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, A. Sponselli, B. Thide, A. Bianchini, and F. Romanato, “Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test,” New J. Phys. 14(3), 033001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinhoff, N. K.

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tamburini, F.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, A. Sponselli, B. Thide, A. Bianchini, and F. Romanato, “Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test,” New J. Phys. 14(3), 033001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thide, B.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, A. Sponselli, B. Thide, A. Bianchini, and F. Romanato, “Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test,” New J. Phys. 14(3), 033001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tur, M.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tyler, G. A.

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vasnetsov, M.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, G.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, Y.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. J.

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, E.

S. F. Arnold, S. M. Barnett, E. Yao, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Uncertainty principle for angular position and angular momentum,” New J. Phys. 6, 103 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Wang, J. J. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (5)

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, A. Sponselli, B. Thide, A. Bianchini, and F. Romanato, “Encoding many channels on the same frequency through radio vorticity: first experimental test,” New J. Phys. 14(3), 033001 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. F. Arnold, S. M. Barnett, E. Yao, J. Leach, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Uncertainty principle for angular position and angular momentum,” New J. Phys. 6, 103 (2004).
[Crossref]

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Angular diffraction,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 103013 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Schuze, A. Dudley, D. Flamm, M. Duparre, and A. Forbes, “Measurement of the orbital angular momentum density of light by modal decomposition,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073025 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, A. Sponselli, J. Courtial, N. K. Steinhoff, G. A. Tyler, A. E. Willner, and M. J. Padgett, “Efficient measurement of an optical orbital angular momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states,” New J. Phys. 15(1), 013024 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

G. Xie, Y. Ren, H. Huang, Y. Yan, C. Bao, N. Ahmed, M. Willner, M. P. J. Lavery, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “Analysis of aperture size for partially receiving and de-multiplexing 100-Gbit/s optical orbital angular momentum channels over free-space link,” in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom 2013 workshop-Optical Wireless Communications (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1116–1120.

G. Xie, Y. Ren, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, L. Li, Y. Yan, M. P. J. Lavery, M. J. Padgett, M. Tur, S. J. Dolinar, and A. E. Willner, “Experimental comparison of single and double partial receiver apertures for recovering signals transmitted using orbital-angular-momentum,” in CLOE 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper SM3J.2.
[Crossref]

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Taylor and Francis, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of partial angular aperture receiving (PAAR) and whole angular aperture receiving (WAAR); (b) PAAR based OAM multiplexing communication system.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Experimental setup for the PAAR scheme; (b) the horizontally separated fork grating for l 2 =2 without angular restriction, and (c) with angular restriction of π/2.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The recorded −1st and 0th diffraction when the OAM beam of l 1 =2 is demodulated by fork grating of l 2 =6 to 6 with restricted angular aperture of π/2.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The distribution of the OAM spectrum when the OAM beam of l 1 =2 is received by an angular aperture of π/2.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The pattern combined with four hologram patterns designed for demulplexing of OAM modes of −6, −2, 2, and 6, each with an angular aperture of π/2; (b) the diffraction position for OAM modes of −6, −2, 2, and 6; (c) and (d) the measured diffraction images for the transmitting OAM modes of l = −2 and l = −6, respectively.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ψ(ρ,φ,z)=A(ρ,z) e i l 1 φ
U= 0 ρ A(ρ,z)ρd ρ 0 2π e i l 1 φ e i l 2 φ dφ = 0 ρ A(ρ,z) ρdρ 0 2π e i( l 1 l 2 )φ dφ
U= ρ 1 ρ 2 A(ρ,z) ρdρ 0 2π/n e i l 1 φ e i l 2 φ dφ = ρ 1 ρ 2 A(ρ,z) ρdρ 0 2π/n e i( l 1 l 2 )φ dφ
U= 1 n ρ 1 ρ 2 A(ρ,z)ρ dρ 0 2π e im φ d φ ={ 0 m0 2π n ρ 1 ρ 2 A(ρ,z)ρdρ m=0

Metrics