Abstract

A Si/III-V hybrid laser has been a highly sought after device for energy-efficient and cost-effective high-speed silicon photonics communication. We present a high wall-plug efficiency external-cavity hybrid laser created by integrating an independently optimized SOI ring reflector and a III-V gain chip. In our demonstration, the uncooled integrated laser achieved a waveguide-coupled wall-plug efficiency of 12.2% at room temperature with an optical output power of ~10 mW. The laser operated single-mode near 1550 nm with a linewidth of 0.22 pm. This is a tunable light source with 8 nm wavelength tuning range. A proof-of-concept laser wavelength stabilization technique has also been demonstrated. Using a simple feedback loop, we achieved mode-hop-free operation in a packaged external-cavity hybrid laser as bias current was varied by 60mA.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array

Shiyun Lin, Xuezhe Zheng, Jin Yao, Stevan S. Djordjevic, John E. Cunningham, Jin-Hyoung Lee, Ivan Shubin, Ying Luo, Jock Bovington, Daniel Y. Lee, Hiren D. Thacker, Kannan Raj, and Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy
Opt. Express 24(19) 21454-21462 (2016)

High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links

Jin Hyoung Lee, Ivan Shubin, Jin Yao, Justin Bickford, Ying Luo, Shiyun Lin, Stevan S. Djordjevic, Hiren D. Thacker, John E. Cunningham, Kannan Raj, Xuezhe Zheng, and Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy
Opt. Express 22(7) 7678-7685 (2014)

Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser

Shiyun Lin, Stevan S. Djordjevic, John E. Cunningham, Ivan Shubin, Ying Luo, Jin Yao, Guoliang Li, Hiren Thacker, Jin-Hyoung Lee, Kannan Raj, Xuezhe Zheng, and Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy
Opt. Express 21(26) 32425-32431 (2013)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, “Silicon photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4600–4615 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.
  5. J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  6. G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9203–9210 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G. H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. A. J. Zilkie, P. Seddighian, B. J. Bijlani, W. Qian, D. C. Lee, S. Fathololoumi, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, B. J. Luff, X. Zheng, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Power-efficient III-V/silicon external cavity DBR lasers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23456–23462 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. S. Tanaka, S.-H. Jeong, S. Sekiguchi, T. Kurahashi, Y. Tanaka, and K. Morito, “High-output-power, single-wavelength silicon hybrid laser using precise flip-chip bonding technology,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28057–28069 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  12. J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. G. Yoffe, T. Nguyen, J. Heanue, and Bardia Pezeshki, “Efficient compact tunable laser for access networks using silicon ring resonators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(OFC), Technical Digest (Optical Society of America 2012), paper OW1G.4.
  15. S. Yang, Y. Zhang, D. W. Grund, G. A. Ejzak, Y. Liu, A. Novack, D. Prather, A. E.-J. Lim, G. Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A single adiabatic microring-based laser in 220 nm silicon-on-insulator,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1172–1180 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J.-H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources Towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. L. Coldren, S. Corzine, and M. Mashanovitch, Diode lasers and photonic integrated circuits, (Wiley, 2012).
  18. D. T. Cassidy, “Technique for measurement of the gain spectra of semiconductor diode lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 56(11), 3096 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  19. P. Andrekson, N. Olsson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, D. Coblentz, and H. Temkin, “Novel technique for determining internal loss of individual semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28(2), 1–2 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. Komljenovic, M. Davenport, S. Srinivasan, J. Hulme, and J. E. Bowers, “Narrow linewidth tunable laser using coupled resonator mirrors,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.52.
    [Crossref]
  22. K. Aoyama, R. Yoshioka, N. Yokota, W. Kobayahi, and H. Yasaka, “Optical Negative Feedback for Linewidth Reduction of Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(4), 340–343 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. D. Saliba, M. Junker, L. D. Turner, and R. E. Scholten, “Mode stability of external cavity diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 48(35), 6692–6700 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. T. Tanaka, Y. Hibino, T. Hashimoto, R. Kasahara, M. Abe, and Y. Tohmori, “Hybrid-Integrated External-Cavity Laser Without Temperature-Dependent Mode Hopping,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(9), 1730–1739 (2002).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

K. Aoyama, R. Yoshioka, N. Yokota, W. Kobayahi, and H. Yasaka, “Optical Negative Feedback for Linewidth Reduction of Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(4), 340–343 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (3)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2009 (2)

S. D. Saliba, M. Junker, L. D. Turner, and R. E. Scholten, “Mode stability of external cavity diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 48(35), 6692–6700 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1992 (1)

P. Andrekson, N. Olsson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, D. Coblentz, and H. Temkin, “Novel technique for determining internal loss of individual semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28(2), 1–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

D. T. Cassidy, “Technique for measurement of the gain spectra of semiconductor diode lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 56(11), 3096 (1984).
[Crossref]

Abe, M.

Andrekson, P.

P. Andrekson, N. Olsson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, D. Coblentz, and H. Temkin, “Novel technique for determining internal loss of individual semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28(2), 1–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

Aoyama, K.

K. Aoyama, R. Yoshioka, N. Yokota, W. Kobayahi, and H. Yasaka, “Optical Negative Feedback for Linewidth Reduction of Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(4), 340–343 (2015).
[Crossref]

Asghari, M.

Baehr-Jones, T.

Beals, M.

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bernadis, S.

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bickford, J.

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

Bijlani, B. J.

Bordel, D.

Bowers, J. E.

Cassidy, D. T.

D. T. Cassidy, “Technique for measurement of the gain spectra of semiconductor diode lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 56(11), 3096 (1984).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

Coblentz, D.

P. Andrekson, N. Olsson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, D. Coblentz, and H. Temkin, “Novel technique for determining internal loss of individual semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28(2), 1–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

Cohen, O.

Cunningham, J. E.

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J.-H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources Towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. J. Zilkie, P. Seddighian, B. J. Bijlani, W. Qian, D. C. Lee, S. Fathololoumi, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, B. J. Luff, X. Zheng, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Power-efficient III-V/silicon external cavity DBR lasers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23456–23462 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

Djordjevic, S. S.

Duan, G. H.

Ejzak, G. A.

Fang, A. W.

Fathololoumi, S.

Fathpour, S.

Fedeli, J.-M.

Feng, D.

Fong, J.

Fukuda, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Funabashi, M.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Grund, D. W.

Hashimoto, T.

Hibino, Y.

Ho, R.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hochberg, M.

Itabashi, S.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jalali, B.

Jany, C.

Jeong, S.-H.

Jones, R.

Junker, M.

Kasahara, R.

Kasukawa, A.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Keyvaninia, S.

Kimerling, L. C.

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kimoto, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kise, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kobayahi, W.

K. Aoyama, R. Yoshioka, N. Yokota, W. Kobayahi, and H. Yasaka, “Optical Negative Feedback for Linewidth Reduction of Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(4), 340–343 (2015).
[Crossref]

Koka, P.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J.-H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources Towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. J. Zilkie, P. Seddighian, B. J. Bijlani, W. Qian, D. C. Lee, S. Fathololoumi, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, B. J. Luff, X. Zheng, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Power-efficient III-V/silicon external cavity DBR lasers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23456–23462 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

Kurahashi, T.

Lamponi, M.

Le Liepvre, A.

Lee, D. C.

Lee, J. H.

Lee, J.-H.

Lelarge, F.

Lexau, J.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J.-H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources Towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

Lim, A. E.-J.

Lin, S.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Lo, G. Q.

Logan, R. A.

P. Andrekson, N. Olsson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, D. Coblentz, and H. Temkin, “Novel technique for determining internal loss of individual semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28(2), 1–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

Luff, B. J.

Luo, Y.

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J.-H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources Towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

Make, D.

Mekis, A.

Michel, J.

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

Morita, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Morito, K.

Mukaihara, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nasu, H.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nomura, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Novack, A.

Oike, M.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Olsson, N.

P. Andrekson, N. Olsson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, D. Coblentz, and H. Temkin, “Novel technique for determining internal loss of individual semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28(2), 1–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

Paniccia, M. J.

Park, H.

Pomerence, A.

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

Prather, D.

Qian, W.

Raj, K.

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J.-H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources Towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

Roelkens, G.

Saliba, S. D.

Scholten, R. E.

Schwetman, H.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

Seddighian, P.

Sekiguchi, S.

Shafiiha, R.

Shinagawa, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shoji, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shubin, I.

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J.-H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources Towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

Sung, R.

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

Takagi, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, J.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, M.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tamechika, E.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, S.

Tanaka, T.

Tanaka, Y.

Tanbun-Ek, T.

P. Andrekson, N. Olsson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, D. Coblentz, and H. Temkin, “Novel technique for determining internal loss of individual semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28(2), 1–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

Temkin, H.

P. Andrekson, N. Olsson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, D. Coblentz, and H. Temkin, “Novel technique for determining internal loss of individual semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28(2), 1–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

Thacker, H.

Thacker, H. D.

Tohmori, Y.

Tsuchizawa, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Turner, L. D.

Van Thourhout, D.

Watanabe, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yamada, K.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

Yao, J.

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J.-H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources Towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

Yasaka, H.

K. Aoyama, R. Yoshioka, N. Yokota, W. Kobayahi, and H. Yasaka, “Optical Negative Feedback for Linewidth Reduction of Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(4), 340–343 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yokota, N.

K. Aoyama, R. Yoshioka, N. Yokota, W. Kobayahi, and H. Yasaka, “Optical Negative Feedback for Linewidth Reduction of Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(4), 340–343 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yoshioka, R.

K. Aoyama, R. Yoshioka, N. Yokota, W. Kobayahi, and H. Yasaka, “Optical Negative Feedback for Linewidth Reduction of Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(4), 340–343 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zheng, X.

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J.-H. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources Towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. J. Zilkie, P. Seddighian, B. J. Bijlani, W. Qian, D. C. Lee, S. Fathololoumi, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, B. J. Luff, X. Zheng, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Power-efficient III-V/silicon external cavity DBR lasers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23456–23462 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

Zilkie, A. J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Andrekson, N. Olsson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, D. Coblentz, and H. Temkin, “Novel technique for determining internal loss of individual semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28(2), 1–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (2)

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent Advances in DFB Lasers for Ultradense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics Devices Based on Silicon Microfabrication Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Aoyama, R. Yoshioka, N. Yokota, W. Kobayahi, and H. Yasaka, “Optical Negative Feedback for Linewidth Reduction of Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(4), 340–343 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. T. Cassidy, “Technique for measurement of the gain spectra of semiconductor diode lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 56(11), 3096 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Liu, M. Beals, A. Pomerence, S. Bernadis, R. Sung, J. Cheng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Waveguide-integrated, ultralow-energy GeSi electro-absorption modulator,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 433–437 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “25Gb/s 1V-driving CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20435–20443 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9203–9210 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G. H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Zilkie, P. Seddighian, B. J. Bijlani, W. Qian, D. C. Lee, S. Fathololoumi, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, B. J. Luff, X. Zheng, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Power-efficient III-V/silicon external cavity DBR lasers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23456–23462 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tanaka, S.-H. Jeong, S. Sekiguchi, T. Kurahashi, Y. Tanaka, and K. Morito, “High-output-power, single-wavelength silicon hybrid laser using precise flip-chip bonding technology,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28057–28069 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Li, J. Yao, H. Thacker, A. Mekis, X. Zheng, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J.-H. Lee, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-loss, high-density SOI optical waveguide routing for macrochip interconnects,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12035–12039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, Y. Zhang, D. W. Grund, G. A. Ejzak, Y. Liu, A. Novack, D. Prather, A. E.-J. Lim, G. Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A single adiabatic microring-based laser in 220 nm silicon-on-insulator,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1172–1180 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, H. Thacker, J. H. Lee, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Vertical-coupled high-efficiency tunable III-V- CMOS SOI hybrid external-cavity laser,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32425–32431 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Zheng, H. Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. Li, I. Shubin, and J. E. Cunningham, “Computer systems based on silicon photonic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1337–1361 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

J. Yao, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, G. Li, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, J.-H. Lee, J. Bickford, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Low Loss optical interlayer coupling using reflector-enhanced grating coupler,” in Proceedings of IEEE Optical Interconnect Conference (Santa Fe, NM, 2013) pp.31–32.

G. Yoffe, T. Nguyen, J. Heanue, and Bardia Pezeshki, “Efficient compact tunable laser for access networks using silicon ring resonators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(OFC), Technical Digest (Optical Society of America 2012), paper OW1G.4.

L. Coldren, S. Corzine, and M. Mashanovitch, Diode lasers and photonic integrated circuits, (Wiley, 2012).

T. Komljenovic, M. Davenport, S. Srinivasan, J. Hulme, and J. E. Bowers, “Narrow linewidth tunable laser using coupled resonator mirrors,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W2A.52.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of an external-cavity hybrid laser configuration. The RSOA and SOI chip are coupled through a SiNx SSC. The upper-left photograph shows the region where the SOI and RSOA chip are coupled. All output ports are connected to GCs inside a reference GC loop for precise GC coupling loss calibration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated modal gain vs. current density. Inset shows measured Jtr at different temperatures.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Maximum wcWPE and bias current at that operating point for various RSOA lengths. (b) wcWPE vs. RSOA bias current for RSOA lengths of 370µm with coupling loss of 2.2dB

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

External-cavity hybrid laser characterization results with 375µm long RSOA chip and SOI ring reflector: (a) L-I-V curve in which blue graph represents L-I measurement and red graph is for I-V measurement; (b) wcWPE plot calculated from L-I-V data.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Hybrid laser characterization results with 600µm long RSOA chip and SOI reflector. (a) L-I-V curve in which blue graph represents L-I measurement and red graph is for I-V measurement (b) wcWPE data from L-I-V curve

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Laser spectrum measured by high-resolution OSA: (a) linewidth measurements with the bias current of 40mA, single mode operation with SMSR > 40dB; (b) laser tuning results with different tuning powers. Note: splitting of the lasing peak in (a) is an artifact of the heterodyne measurement in the OSA due to the limited optical resolution.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Hybrid laser mode stabilization experiment: (a) a photograph of the packaged external-cavity hybrid laser, inset shows the alignment of SOI reflector and III-V RSOA chip; (b) spectral-L-I data without feedback loop; (c) spectral-L-I data with feedback loop. Optical power is color-coded based on power level (dBm). Inset shows corresponding L-I curve for each laser measurement.

Metrics