Abstract

We report the pulsed and continuous wave (cw) performance of 10-stage interband cascade lasers (ICLs) emitting at both λ ≈3.2 μm and λ ≈3.45 μm. The slope efficiency is higher while the external differential quantum efficiency per stage remains about the same when comparison is made to earlier results for 7-stage ICLs with similar carrier-rebalanced designs. At T = 25°C, an 18-μm-wide ridge with 4.5 mm cavity length and high-reflection/anti-reflection coatings emits up to 464 mW of cw output power with beam quality factor M2 = 1.9, for higher brightness than has ever been reported previously for an ICL. When the cavity length is reduced to 1 mm, both the 10-stage and 7-stage devices reach 18% cw wallplug efficiency at T = 25°C.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers

William W. Bewley, Chadwick L. Canedy, Chul Soo Kim, Mijin Kim, Charles D. Merritt, Joshua Abell, Igor Vurgaftman, and Jerry R. Meyer
Opt. Express 20(19) 20894-20901 (2012)

Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm

William W. Bewley, Chadwick L. Canedy, Chul Soo Kim, Mijin Kim, Charles D. Merritt, Joshua Abell, Igor Vurgaftman, and Jerry R. Meyer
Opt. Express 20(3) 3235-3240 (2012)

Gain and loss as a function of current density and temperature in interband cascade lasers

C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, and M. Kim
Appl. Opt. 54(31) F1-F7 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Q. Yang, “Infrared-laser based on intersubband transitions in quantum-wells,” Superlattices Microstruct. 17(1), 77–83 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. R. Meyer, I. Vurgaftman, R. Q. Yang, and L. R. Ram-Mohan, “Type-II and type-I interband cascade lasers,” Electron. Lett. 32(1), 45–46 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  3. I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. Weih, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers with room-temperature threshold current densities below 100 A/cm2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231123 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with high CW power and brightness,” SPIE Proc. (in press).
  10. C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  11. W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband Cascade Laser,” Chapter in Quantum Cascade Lasers, ed. I. Trofimov, (Springer, in press).
  13. W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Buus, “Analytical approximation for the reflectivity of DH lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(12), 2256–2258 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room-temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(18), 181102 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Weih, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers with room-temperature threshold current densities below 100 A/cm2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231123 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room-temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(18), 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. R. Meyer, I. Vurgaftman, R. Q. Yang, and L. R. Ram-Mohan, “Type-II and type-I interband cascade lasers,” Electron. Lett. 32(1), 45–46 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

R. Q. Yang, “Infrared-laser based on intersubband transitions in quantum-wells,” Superlattices Microstruct. 17(1), 77–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

J. Buus, “Analytical approximation for the reflectivity of DH lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(12), 2256–2258 (1981).
[Crossref]

Abell, J.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bagheri, M.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room-temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(18), 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bandyopadhyay, N.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room-temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(18), 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bewley, W. W.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
[Crossref]

Borgentun, C.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Briggs, R. M.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Buus, J.

J. Buus, “Analytical approximation for the reflectivity of DH lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(12), 2256–2258 (1981).
[Crossref]

Canedy, C. L.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fischer, M.

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

Forouhar, S.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Frez, C.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Höfling, S.

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Weih, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers with room-temperature threshold current densities below 100 A/cm2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231123 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kamp, M.

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Weih, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers with room-temperature threshold current densities below 100 A/cm2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231123 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. S.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Koeth, J.

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

Larrabee, D. C.

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lindle, J. R.

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Merritt, C. D.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, J. R.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Meyer, I. Vurgaftman, R. Q. Yang, and L. R. Ram-Mohan, “Type-II and type-I interband cascade lasers,” Electron. Lett. 32(1), 45–46 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nähle, L.

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nolde, J. A.

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ram-Mohan, L. R.

J. R. Meyer, I. Vurgaftman, R. Q. Yang, and L. R. Ram-Mohan, “Type-II and type-I interband cascade lasers,” Electron. Lett. 32(1), 45–46 (1996).
[Crossref]

Razeghi, M.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room-temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(18), 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Scheuermann, J.

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

Slivken, S.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room-temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(18), 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tsao, S.

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room-temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(18), 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

von Edlinger, M.

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vurgaftman, I.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Pulsed and CW performance of 7-stage interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7702–7710 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Meyer, I. Vurgaftman, R. Q. Yang, and L. R. Ram-Mohan, “Type-II and type-I interband cascade lasers,” Electron. Lett. 32(1), 45–46 (1996).
[Crossref]

Weih, R.

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Weih, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers with room-temperature threshold current densities below 100 A/cm2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231123 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, R. Q.

J. R. Meyer, I. Vurgaftman, R. Q. Yang, and L. R. Ram-Mohan, “Type-II and type-I interband cascade lasers,” Electron. Lett. 32(1), 45–46 (1996).
[Crossref]

R. Q. Yang, “Infrared-laser based on intersubband transitions in quantum-wells,” Superlattices Microstruct. 17(1), 77–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zimmermann, C.

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

R. Weih, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Interband cascade lasers with room-temperature threshold current densities below 100 A/cm2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(23), 231123 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Lifetimes and Auger coefficients in type-II W interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041118 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Bai, N. Bandyopadhyay, S. Tsao, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “Room-temperature quantum cascade lasers with 27% wall plug efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(18), 181102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. R. Meyer, I. Vurgaftman, R. Q. Yang, and L. R. Ram-Mohan, “Type-II and type-I interband cascade lasers,” Electron. Lett. 32(1), 45–46 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Buus, “Analytical approximation for the reflectivity of DH lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(12), 2256–2258 (1981).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. R. Lindle, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-IR type-II interband cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1435–1444 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. von Edlinger, J. Scheuermann, R. Weih, C. Zimmermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, S. Höfling, and M. Kamp, “Monomode interband cascade lasers at 5.2 μm for nitric oxide sensing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(5), 480–482 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Electron. Mater. (1)

C. L. Canedy, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, J. A. Nolde, D. C. Larrabee, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with wavelenghths spanning 2.9 μm to 5.2 μm,” J. Electron. Mater. 12(12), 1780–1785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, J. R. Lindle, and J. R. Meyer, “Rebalancing of internally generated carriers for mid-infrared interband cascade lasers with very low power consumption,” Nat. Commun. 2, 585 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Superlattices Microstruct. (1)

R. Q. Yang, “Infrared-laser based on intersubband transitions in quantum-wells,” Superlattices Microstruct. 17(1), 77–83 (1995).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

M. Kim, C. S. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with high CW power and brightness,” SPIE Proc. (in press).

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband Cascade Laser,” Chapter in Quantum Cascade Lasers, ed. I. Trofimov, (Springer, in press).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Calculated near-field optical-field and refractive-index profiles for the lowest-order TE-polarized optical mode in Wafers A (a) and B (b) with 10 active stages emitting at λ = 3.5 μm, with the corresponding fast-axis far-field profiles shown in (c).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Differential slope efficiencies vs. temperature at currents slightly above the lasing threshold in 5-stage (red points), 7-stage (blue), and 10-stage (green) ICLs. The present 10-stage Wafers A-D are represented by filled boxes, filled triangles, open boxes, and open triangles, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Internal loss vs. wavelength at T = 300 K, as extracted from the external differential quantum efficiency when an internal efficiency of 80% and uncoated facet reflectivity of 41% are assumed. ICLs with 10, 7, and 5stages are represented by the green, blue, and red points, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Light-current characteristics and wallplug efficiency in cw mode at T = 25°C for a 22-μm-wide, 4.5-mm-long ICL with HR/AR coated facets fabricated from Wafer A. (b). Far-field emission profiles for the 22-μm-wide, 4.5-mm-long ICL in (a) at several currents, along with extracted values of the beam quality factor.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Far-field emission profiles for the 18-μm-wide, 4.5-mm-long ICL with 10 stages at several currents, along with extracted values of the beam quality factor and the cw output powers. (b) Far-field emission profiles for the 18-μm-wide, 4.5-mm-long ICL with 7 stages emitting at λ = 3.1 μm, along with extracted values of the beam quality factor and the cw output powers.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Light-current characteristics (red) and wallplug efficiencies (blue) in cw mode for 12- and 15-μm-wide ICLs with 1 mm cavity lengths and HR/AR-coated facets fabricated from (a) Wafer A and (b) a recent 7-stage ICL wafer (unpublished). Both lasers from both wafers are seen to exhibit WPEs up to 18%.

Metrics