Abstract

We report a fiber-optic parametric amplifier with ultra-broad and flat gain band by using a longitudinally tailored optical fiber. The parametric amplifier has been designed from realistic numerical simulations combined with an inverse algorithm to obtain a flat and wide gain band through fiber dispersion management. We experimentally report ~12 THz gain bandwidth on the Stokes side of the pump with a gain ripple as low as 7 dB and a mean gain up to ~60 dB. Experimental results show good agreement with numerical predictions for different pump powers and wavelength detuning.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of the modulation instability spectrum in optical fibers with oscillating dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013813 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (3)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

M.-C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kasovky, “200-nm-bandwidth fiber optical amplifier combining parametric and Raman gain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 977–981 (2011).

D. Bigourd, L. Lago, A. Kudlinski, E. Hugonnot, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of fiber optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(11), 2848–2854 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, J. F. Gleyze, A. Jolly, and H. Maillotte, “Parametric amplification and wavelength conversion in the 1040-1090 nm band by use of a photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(11), 111104 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

M. Hanna, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Fiber optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification in the femtosecond regime,” Opt. Express 14(7), 2783–2790 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

W. Zhang, C. Wang, J. Shu, C. Jiang, and W. Hu, “Design of fiber optical parametric amplifiers by genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1652–1654 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

Akasaka, Y.

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bickham, S. R.

Bigourd, D.

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bouwmans, G.

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of the modulation instability spectrum in optical fibers with oscillating dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013813 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Experimental demonstration of modulation instability in an optical fiber with a periodic dispersion landscape,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4832–4834 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

Chiang, T.-K.

Coen, S.

d’Augerès, P. B.

Dahman, I.

Dai, Y.

K. Xu, H. Liu, Y. Dai, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Synthesis of broadband and Flat parametric gain by idler loss in optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 790–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Droques, M.

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of the modulation instability spectrum in optical fibers with oscillating dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013813 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Experimental demonstration of modulation instability in an optical fiber with a periodic dispersion landscape,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4832–4834 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Druon, F.

Dubertrand, J.

Fleureau, A.

Fragnito, H. L.

Galkovsky, L.

Georges, P.

Gleyze, J. F.

D. Bigourd, L. Lago, A. Mussot, A. Kudlinski, J. F. Gleyze, and E. Hugonnot, “High-gain fiber, optical-parametric, chirped-pulse amplification of femtosecond pulses at 1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3480–3482 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, J. F. Gleyze, A. Jolly, and H. Maillotte, “Parametric amplification and wavelength conversion in the 1040-1090 nm band by use of a photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(11), 111104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Habert, R.

Hanna, M.

Harvey, J. D.

Ho, M.-C.

Hsieh, A. S. Y.

Hu, W.

W. Zhang, C. Wang, J. Shu, C. Jiang, and W. Hu, “Design of fiber optical parametric amplifiers by genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1652–1654 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hugonnot, E.

Inoue, K.

Jiang, C.

W. Zhang, C. Wang, J. Shu, C. Jiang, and W. Hu, “Design of fiber optical parametric amplifiers by genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1652–1654 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jolly, A.

T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, J. F. Gleyze, A. Jolly, and H. Maillotte, “Parametric amplification and wavelength conversion in the 1040-1090 nm band by use of a photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(11), 111104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kagi, N.

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kasovky, L. G.

Kazovsky, L.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Koshiba, M.

Kudlinski, A.

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of the modulation instability spectrum in optical fibers with oscillating dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013813 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Experimental demonstration of modulation instability in an optical fiber with a periodic dispersion landscape,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4832–4834 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mussot, A. Kudlinski, R. Habert, I. Dahman, G. Mélin, L. Galkovsky, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, L. Lago, D. Bigourd, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, and E. Hugonnot, “20 THz-bandwidth continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier operating at 1 µm using a dispersion-stabilized photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28906–28911 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Bigourd, L. Lago, A. Kudlinski, E. Hugonnot, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of fiber optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(11), 2848–2854 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Bigourd, L. Lago, A. Mussot, A. Kudlinski, J. F. Gleyze, and E. Hugonnot, “High-gain fiber, optical-parametric, chirped-pulse amplification of femtosecond pulses at 1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3480–3482 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, J. F. Gleyze, A. Jolly, and H. Maillotte, “Parametric amplification and wavelength conversion in the 1040-1090 nm band by use of a photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(11), 111104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kumar, P.

Lago, L.

Lantz, E.

Lee, M. W.

Lempereur, S.

Leonhardt, R.

Lin, J.

K. Xu, H. Liu, Y. Dai, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Synthesis of broadband and Flat parametric gain by idler loss in optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 790–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

K. Xu, H. Liu, Y. Dai, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Synthesis of broadband and Flat parametric gain by idler loss in optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 790–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Maillotte, H.

T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, J. F. Gleyze, A. Jolly, and H. Maillotte, “Parametric amplification and wavelength conversion in the 1040-1090 nm band by use of a photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(11), 111104 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Provino, A. Mussot, E. Lantz, T. Sylvestre, and H. Maillotte, “Broadband and flat parametric amplifiers using a multi-section dispersion-tailored nonlinear fiber arrangement,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(7), 1532–1537 (2003).
[Crossref]

Marconi, J. D.

Marhic, M.

Marhic, M. E.

Martinelli, G.

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of the modulation instability spectrum in optical fibers with oscillating dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013813 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Experimental demonstration of modulation instability in an optical fiber with a periodic dispersion landscape,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4832–4834 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mélin, G.

Murdoch, S. G.

Mussot, A.

D. Bigourd, P. B. d’Augerès, J. Dubertrand, E. Hugonnot, and A. Mussot, “Ultra-broadband fiber optical parametric amplifier pumped by chirped pulses,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 3782–3785 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of the modulation instability spectrum in optical fibers with oscillating dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013813 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Experimental demonstration of modulation instability in an optical fiber with a periodic dispersion landscape,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4832–4834 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mussot, A. Kudlinski, R. Habert, I. Dahman, G. Mélin, L. Galkovsky, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, L. Lago, D. Bigourd, T. Sylvestre, M. W. Lee, and E. Hugonnot, “20 THz-bandwidth continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier operating at 1 µm using a dispersion-stabilized photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28906–28911 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Bigourd, L. Lago, A. Kudlinski, E. Hugonnot, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of fiber optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(11), 2848–2854 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Bigourd, L. Lago, A. Mussot, A. Kudlinski, J. F. Gleyze, and E. Hugonnot, “High-gain fiber, optical-parametric, chirped-pulse amplification of femtosecond pulses at 1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3480–3482 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, J. F. Gleyze, A. Jolly, and H. Maillotte, “Parametric amplification and wavelength conversion in the 1040-1090 nm band by use of a photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(11), 111104 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Provino, A. Mussot, E. Lantz, T. Sylvestre, and H. Maillotte, “Broadband and flat parametric amplifiers using a multi-section dispersion-tailored nonlinear fiber arrangement,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(7), 1532–1537 (2003).
[Crossref]

Olsson, B.-E.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Provino, L.

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Saitoh, K.

Shu, J.

W. Zhang, C. Wang, J. Shu, C. Jiang, and W. Hu, “Design of fiber optical parametric amplifiers by genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1652–1654 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sylvestre, T.

Tang, R.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Uesaka, K.

Vanholsbeeck, F.

Voss, P. L.

Wang, C.

W. Zhang, C. Wang, J. Shu, C. Jiang, and W. Hu, “Design of fiber optical parametric amplifiers by genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1652–1654 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wong, G. K. L.

Wu, J.

K. Xu, H. Liu, Y. Dai, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Synthesis of broadband and Flat parametric gain by idler loss in optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 790–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, K.

K. Xu, H. Liu, Y. Dai, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Synthesis of broadband and Flat parametric gain by idler loss in optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 790–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, F. S.

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, C. Wang, J. Shu, C. Jiang, and W. Hu, “Design of fiber optical parametric amplifiers by genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1652–1654 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, J. F. Gleyze, A. Jolly, and H. Maillotte, “Parametric amplification and wavelength conversion in the 1040-1090 nm band by use of a photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(11), 111104 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, C. Wang, J. Shu, C. Jiang, and W. Hu, “Design of fiber optical parametric amplifiers by genetic algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1652–1654 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Xu, H. Liu, Y. Dai, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Synthesis of broadband and Flat parametric gain by idler loss in optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 790–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Droques, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, G. Martinelli, and A. Mussot, “Dynamics of the modulation instability spectrum in optical fibers with oscillating dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 87(1), 013813 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

M. Mitchell, An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms (MIT press, 1998).

M. Jamshidifar, A. Vedadi, and M. E. Marhic, “Continuous-wave one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier with 270 nm gain bandwidth,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC ’09 1, (2009).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Experimental longitudinal evolution of the diameter and the insert shows the input fiber SEM, (b) Optimal (dashed red line) and estimated experimental (green line) longitudinal evolution of the second order dispersion β2 expressed at the pump wavelength (1050.70nm), (c) Corresponding gain curves for 20 W pump power. The dashed blue line represents the targeted gain profile. Dotted red line and blue line are results from optimal longitudinal dispersion evolution with and without Raman contribution, respectively. Dashed green line is the gain profile calculated with the dispersion extracted from the SEM image.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental set-up
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Experimental fluorescence (P = 22 W, λp = 1050.70 nm in blue curve). Output spectra corresponding to pump on (green curve), and off (red curve) when the FOPA amplifier is seeded by a monochromatic signal at 1068 nm. (b) Comparison between the scaled experimental fluorescence spectrum (blue curve) with gain measurements (red circle). Simulated gain profiles (dotted red line and dashed green line) are also displayed for the optimal longitudinal dispersion evolution and the dispersion calculated from SEM.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a)-(b) Experimental gain profile (red curve) for two pump power values (17 W, 30 W). The pump wavelength is 1050.70 nm Simulated gain profiles for the optimal longitudinal evolution and the dispersion calculated from SEM are represented in dotted red and dashed green lines respectively. (c)-(d) Experimental gain profile (solid red line) with pump wavelength at 1049 nm and 1052 nm for P = 22W. Corresponding simulated gain profile with the dispersion calculated from SEM (dashed green line). Blue lines (c and d) represent the gain profile for λp = 1050.70 nm at 22 W.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters for the second order dispersion β2 evolution for the three segments

Equations (1)

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β 2_j (z)= β 2av_j +(A 1_j (z k=0 j1 L k ) L j +A 2_j ) β 2am_j cos([B 1_j (z k=0 j1 L k ) L j +B 2_j ] 2π Z j z)

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