Abstract

A compact transmissive plasmonic waveguide mode converter which aims for the elimination of reflection and transmission of unconverted mode is proposed. The proposed scheme exploits a cavity formed by mode selective mirrors, which only allows two output modes: the transmission of the target mode and the reflection of the input mode. By appropriately tuning cavity lengths, the reflection of the input mode can also be suppressed to near zero by destructive interference, thereby all the residual outgoing modes are suppressed. The proposed device might be useful in the design of integrated photonic system since it relaxes the problem of unwanted reflection.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (6)

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. H. Frandsen, Y. Elesin, L. F. Frellsen, M. Mitrovic, Y. Ding, O. Sigmund, and K. Yvind, “Topology optimized mode conversion in a photonic crystal waveguide fabricated in silicon-on-insulator material,” Opt. Express 22(7), 8525–8532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.-H. Dai, F.-C. Lin, C.-B. Huang, and J.-S. Huang, “Mode conversion in high-definition plasmonic optical nanocircuits,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3881–3886 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-S. Yeih, H.-X. Cao, and S.-Y. Tseng, “Shortcut to mode conversion via level crossing in engineered multimode waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 123–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Y. Li, N. Zhu, G. Jin, D. Zhang, and T. Mei, “Mode conversion in asymmetric dielectric/metal/dielectric plasmonic waveguide using grating coupler,” Opt. Commun. 310, 217–221 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, S.-Y. Lee, Y. Lee, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Tunable asymmetric mode conversion using the dark-mode of three-mode waveguide system,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28683–28696 (2014).
[PubMed]

2013 (4)

Y. Fei, L. Zhang, T. Cao, Y. Cao, and S. Chen, “High efficiency broadband polarization converter based on tapered slot waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(9), 879–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10376–10382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, H.-T. Chen, W.-J. Zheng, and G.-Y. Guo, “Dispersion relation, propagation length and mode conversion of surface plasmon polaritons in silver double-nanowire systems,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14591–14605 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. L. Sounas, C. Caloz, and A. Alù, “Giant non-reciprocity at the subwavelength scale using angular momentum-biased metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, T.-Y. Liow, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide based TE mode converter,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25264–25270 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

S.-Y. Tseng and M.-C. Wu, “Adiabatic mode conversion in multimode waveguides using computer-generated planar holograms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1211–1213 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

Z. Yu and S. Fan, “Complete optical isolation created by indirect interband photonic transitions,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 91–94 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Wavelength-selective directional coupling with dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 310–312 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2006 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

2003 (1)

1999 (1)

Alloatti, L.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Almeida, V. R.

Alù, A.

D. L. Sounas, C. Caloz, and A. Alù, “Giant non-reciprocity at the subwavelength scale using angular momentum-biased metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bantz, K. C.

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowers, J. E.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Z. Chen, T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Wavelength-selective directional coupling with dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 310–312 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051111 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caloz, C.

D. L. Sounas, C. Caloz, and A. Alù, “Giant non-reciprocity at the subwavelength scale using angular momentum-biased metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, H.-X.

C.-S. Yeih, H.-X. Cao, and S.-Y. Tseng, “Shortcut to mode conversion via level crossing in engineered multimode waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 123–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cao, T.

Y. Fei, L. Zhang, T. Cao, Y. Cao, and S. Chen, “High efficiency broadband polarization converter based on tapered slot waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(9), 879–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

Y. Fei, L. Zhang, T. Cao, Y. Cao, and S. Chen, “High efficiency broadband polarization converter based on tapered slot waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(9), 879–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

Castro, J.

Chen, B.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

Chen, S.

Y. Fei, L. Zhang, T. Cao, Y. Cao, and S. Chen, “High efficiency broadband polarization converter based on tapered slot waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(9), 879–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Wavelength-selective directional coupling with dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 310–312 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Da Ros, F.

Dai, D.

Dai, W.-H.

W.-H. Dai, F.-C. Lin, C.-B. Huang, and J.-S. Huang, “Mode conversion in high-definition plasmonic optical nanocircuits,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3881–3886 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

Z. Chen, T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Wavelength-selective directional coupling with dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 310–312 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, Y.

Dinu, R.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elesin, Y.

Fan, S.

Fei, Y.

Y. Fei, L. Zhang, T. Cao, Y. Cao, and S. Chen, “High efficiency broadband polarization converter based on tapered slot waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(9), 879–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

Frandsen, L. H.

Frellsen, L. F.

Freude, W.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Geraghty, D. F.

Greiner, C. M.

Guo, G.-Y.

Haus, H. A.

Haynes, C. L.

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hillerkuss, D.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Wavelength-selective directional coupling with dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 310–312 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Honkanen, S.

Huang, B.

Huang, C.-B.

W.-H. Dai, F.-C. Lin, C.-B. Huang, and J.-S. Huang, “Mode conversion in high-definition plasmonic optical nanocircuits,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3881–3886 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J.-S.

W.-H. Dai, F.-C. Lin, C.-B. Huang, and J.-S. Huang, “Mode conversion in high-definition plasmonic optical nanocircuits,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3881–3886 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hvam, J. M.

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

Iazikov, D.

Im, H.

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, G.

H. Zhang, Y. Li, N. Zhu, G. Jin, D. Zhang, and T. Mei, “Mode conversion in asymmetric dielectric/metal/dielectric plasmonic waveguide using grating coupler,” Opt. Commun. 310, 217–221 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jung, J.

Khoo, E.

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Kim, M.-S.

Kim, S.

Kohl, M.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Korn, D.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Krasavin, A. V.

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Wavelength-selective directional coupling with dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 310–312 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurtulus, O.

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwong, D.-L.

J. Zhang, T.-Y. Liow, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide based TE mode converter,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25264–25270 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laluet, J.-Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B.

Lee, I.-M.

Lee, M.-H.

Lee, S. H.

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.-Y.

Lee, Y.

Leuthold, J.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

H. Zhang, Y. Li, N. Zhu, G. Jin, D. Zhang, and T. Mei, “Mode conversion in asymmetric dielectric/metal/dielectric plasmonic waveguide using grating coupler,” Opt. Commun. 310, 217–221 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, F.-C.

W.-H. Dai, F.-C. Lin, C.-B. Huang, and J.-S. Huang, “Mode conversion in high-definition plasmonic optical nanocircuits,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3881–3886 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindquist, N. C.

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liow, T.-Y.

Lipson, M.

Liu, A.

Liu, L.

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, V.

Lo, G.-Q.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, T.-Y. Liow, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide based TE mode converter,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25264–25270 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Markey, L.

Z. Chen, T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Wavelength-selective directional coupling with dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 310–312 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mei, T.

H. Zhang, Y. Li, N. Zhu, G. Jin, D. Zhang, and T. Mei, “Mode conversion in asymmetric dielectric/metal/dielectric plasmonic waveguide using grating coupler,” Opt. Commun. 310, 217–221 (2014).
[Crossref]

Melikyan, A.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meyer, A. F.

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, D. A. B.

Mitrovic, M.

Mossberg, T. W.

Muehlbrandt, S.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Muslija, A.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Oh, S.-H.

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ou, H.

Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10376–10382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

Palmer, R.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Panepucci, R. R.

Park, H.-R.

Park, J.

Park, J.-M.

Peral, E.

Peucheret, C.

Pu, M.

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schindler, P. C.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sigmund, O.

Sommer, M.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sounas, D. L.

D. L. Sounas, C. Caloz, and A. Alù, “Giant non-reciprocity at the subwavelength scale using angular momentum-biased metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

Tang, Y.

Tseng, S.-Y.

C.-S. Yeih, H.-X. Cao, and S.-Y. Tseng, “Shortcut to mode conversion via level crossing in engineered multimode waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 123–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

S.-Y. Tseng and M.-C. Wu, “Adiabatic mode conversion in multimode waveguides using computer-generated planar holograms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1211–1213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Van Thourhout, D.

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watts, M. R.

Wittenberg, N. J.

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

Wu, M.-C.

S.-Y. Tseng and M.-C. Wu, “Adiabatic mode conversion in multimode waveguides using computer-generated planar holograms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1211–1213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Yariv, A.

Yeih, C.-S.

C.-S. Yeih, H.-X. Cao, and S.-Y. Tseng, “Shortcut to mode conversion via level crossing in engineered multimode waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 123–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, M.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, T.-Y. Liow, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide based TE mode converter,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25264–25270 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu and S. Fan, “Complete optical isolation created by indirect interband photonic transitions,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 91–94 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yvind, K.

Zayats, A. V.

Z. Chen, T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Wavelength-selective directional coupling with dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 310–312 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

H. Zhang, Y. Li, N. Zhu, G. Jin, D. Zhang, and T. Mei, “Mode conversion in asymmetric dielectric/metal/dielectric plasmonic waveguide using grating coupler,” Opt. Commun. 310, 217–221 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Y. Li, N. Zhu, G. Jin, D. Zhang, and T. Mei, “Mode conversion in asymmetric dielectric/metal/dielectric plasmonic waveguide using grating coupler,” Opt. Commun. 310, 217–221 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, T.-Y. Liow, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide based TE mode converter,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25264–25270 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

Y. Fei, L. Zhang, T. Cao, Y. Cao, and S. Chen, “High efficiency broadband polarization converter based on tapered slot waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(9), 879–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, W.-J.

Zhu, N.

H. Zhang, Y. Li, N. Zhu, G. Jin, D. Zhang, and T. Mei, “Mode conversion in asymmetric dielectric/metal/dielectric plasmonic waveguide using grating coupler,” Opt. Commun. 310, 217–221 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength selection by dielectric-loaded plasmonic components,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051111 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Fei, L. Zhang, T. Cao, Y. Cao, and S. Chen, “High efficiency broadband polarization converter based on tapered slot waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(9), 879–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

S.-Y. Tseng and M.-C. Wu, “Adiabatic mode conversion in multimode waveguides using computer-generated planar holograms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(16), 1211–1213 (2010).
[Crossref]

C.-S. Yeih, H.-X. Cao, and S.-Y. Tseng, “Shortcut to mode conversion via level crossing in engineered multimode waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 123–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

W.-H. Dai, F.-C. Lin, C.-B. Huang, and J.-S. Huang, “Mode conversion in high-definition plasmonic optical nanocircuits,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 3881–3886 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

D. L. Sounas, C. Caloz, and A. Alù, “Giant non-reciprocity at the subwavelength scale using angular momentum-biased metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

Z. Yu and S. Fan, “Complete optical isolation created by indirect interband photonic transitions,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 91–94 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Melikyan, L. Alloatti, A. Muslija, D. Hillerkuss, P. C. Schindler, J. Li, R. Palmer, D. Korn, S. Muehlbrandt, D. Van Thourhout, B. Chen, R. Dinu, M. Sommer, C. Koos, M. Kohl, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed plasmonic phase modulators,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. Zhang, Y. Li, N. Zhu, G. Jin, D. Zhang, and T. Mei, “Mode conversion in asymmetric dielectric/metal/dielectric plasmonic waveguide using grating coupler,” Opt. Commun. 310, 217–221 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (12)

J. Zhang, T.-Y. Liow, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide based TE mode converter,” Opt. Express 18(24), 25264–25270 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dai, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, “Mode conversion in tapered submicron silicon ridge optical waveguides,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13425–13439 (2012).
[PubMed]

H.-R. Park, J.-M. Park, M.-S. Kim, and M.-H. Lee, “A waveguide-typed plasmonic mode converter,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18636–18645 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Liu, D. A. B. Miller, and S. Fan, “Ultra-compact photonic crystal waveguide spatial mode converter and its connection to the optical diode effect,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28388–28397 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10376–10382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, H.-T. Chen, W.-J. Zheng, and G.-Y. Guo, “Dispersion relation, propagation length and mode conversion of surface plasmon polaritons in silver double-nanowire systems,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14591–14605 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Frandsen, Y. Elesin, L. F. Frellsen, M. Mitrovic, Y. Ding, O. Sigmund, and K. Yvind, “Topology optimized mode conversion in a photonic crystal waveguide fabricated in silicon-on-insulator material,” Opt. Express 22(7), 8525–8532 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, S.-Y. Lee, Y. Lee, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Tunable asymmetric mode conversion using the dark-mode of three-mode waveguide system,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28683–28696 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. Castro, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, “Demonstration of mode conversion using anti-symmetric waveguide Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 13(11), 4180–4184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Khoo, A. Liu, and J. Wu, “Nonuniform photonic crystal taper for high-efficiency mode coupling,” Opt. Express 13(20), 7748–7759 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “High order plasmonic Bragg reflection in the metal-insulator-metal waveguide Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 16(1), 413–425 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Park, H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, S. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Resonant tunneling of surface plasmon polariton in the plasmonic nano-cavity,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16903–16915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

K. C. Bantz, A. F. Meyer, N. J. Wittenberg, H. Im, O. Kurtuluş, S. H. Lee, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and C. L. Haynes, “Recent progress in SERS biosensing,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(24), 11551–11567 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, Fourier Modal Method and Its Applications in Computational Nanophotonics (CRC, 2012).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The schematic of the proposed mode converter. The MIM anti-symmetric mode is incident from the left. For material parameters, we used εAg = −122 + 2.83i [29] (at λ = 1550 nm), εSi = 12.15 and εsilica = 2.25. (b) Block representation of the proposed mode converter. The layer 1 includes F1, region α and the stub while the layer 2 is the same as F2. Due to the mode-selective transmission characteristics of F1 and F2, the reflection of the symmetric mode and the transmission of the anti-symmetric mode are not expressed.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Dispersion relations of plasmonic waveguides with silicon and silica core. Blue and red lines represent the symmetric and the anti-symmetric modes for silicon core and the cyan line represents the symmetric mode for silica core (cut-off frequency of the anti-symmetric mode for the silica core waveguide is 1.68 eV, which is not shown). The dashed lines are the light lines for the silica and the silicon. Transmission (solid line) and reflection (dashed line) of the F2 for (b) the symmetric and (c) the anti-symmetric mode incidence.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Power transmission map of the notch filter for (a) the symmetric mode and (b) the anti-symmetric mode incidence. |Hy| distributions for the optimized notch filter when (c) the symmetric mode or (d) the anti-symmetric mode is incident from the left.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Transmission of the symmetric mode when the anti-symmetric mode is launched to the stub converter. (b) |Hy| distribution for the mode conversion stub when the anti-symmetric mode is incident from the left.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Dependence of ρ and |z0| on Lα. Black circles mark the crossing points. (b) Reflection of the anti-symmetric mode depending on Lβ.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Transmission and (b) reflection of the whole structure depending on Lβ and choice of the crossing point. (c) |Hy| field distribution for the optimized mode converter. The anti-symmetric mode is incident from the left. (d) Transmission (solid) and reflection (dashed) of the whole structure depending on operating wavelength. (e) Absorption of the layer 1 when the anti-symmetric mode is incident from the right.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ 1 r ss γ s Φ s r as γ a Φ a r sa γ s Φ s 1 r aa γ a Φ a ][ s f a f ]=[ t as t aa ],
[ γ s Φ s 0 0 γ a Φ a ][ s f a f ]=[ s b a b ],
R= r aa + t aa t aa γ a Φ a 1 r aa γ a Φ a .
ρ= | t aa | 2 1 | r aa | 2 ,
z 0 = r aa + t aa 2 r aa | r aa | 2 1 | r aa | 2 ,

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