Abstract

An off-axis total external reflection zone plate is applied to wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectrometry in the range from 7.8 keV to 9.0 keV. The resolving power E/ΔE of up to 1.1 × 102, demonstrated in a synchrotron proof-of-concept experiment, competes well with existing energy-dispersive instruments in this spectral range. In conjunction with the detection efficiency of (2.2 ± 0.6)%, providing a fairly constant count rate across the 1.2 keV band, the temporal pulse elongation to no more than 1.5 × 10−15 s opens the door to wide-range, ultra-fast hard X-ray spectroscopy at free-electron lasers (FELs).

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. C. Xie, X. Zhu, H. Li, L. Shi, and Y. Wang, “Feasibility study of hard X-ray nanofocusing above 20 keV using compound photon sieves,” Opt. Lett. 35, 4048–4050 (2010).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

2013 (3)

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Löchel, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, J. Rehanek, and A. Erko, “Reflection zone plates for 2D focusing and spectroscopy of hard X-rays,” J. Phys. Conf. Series 425, 052025 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Firsov, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, A. Svintsov, and A. Erko, “Dedicated software for diffractive optics design and simulation,” J. Phys. 425(4), 162004 (2013).

2012 (3)

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and F. Senf, “Novel Parallel VUV/X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer,” Spectrochim. Acta B 67, 57–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

M. Kalläne, J. Buck, S. Harm, R. Seemann, K. Rossnagel, and L. Kipp, “Focusing light with a reflection photon sieve,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2405–2407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

C. Xie, X. Zhu, H. Li, L. Shi, and Y. Wang, “Feasibility study of hard X-ray nanofocusing above 20 keV using compound photon sieves,” Opt. Lett. 35, 4048–4050 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Tsuji, H. Takano, T. Koyama, Y. Tsusaka, and Y. Kagoshima, “Development of a Total Reflection Zone Plate for Hard X-ray Focusing,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 030207 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and K. Holldack, “New Developments in Femtosecond Soft X-ray Spectroscopy,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1234, 177–180 (2010).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

B. Aschenbach, “Boundary between geometric and wave optical treatment of X-ray mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 59000D (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Erko, I. Packe, W. Gudat, N. Abrosimov, and A. Firsov, “A crystal monochromator based on graded SiGe crystals,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 467–468, 623–626 (2001).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

T. Wilhein, D. Hambach, B. Niemann, M. Berglund, L. Rymell, and H. M. Hertz, “Off-axis reflection zone plate for quantitative soft x-ray source characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(2), 190–192 (1997).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Abrosimov, N.

A. Erko, I. Packe, W. Gudat, N. Abrosimov, and A. Firsov, “A crystal monochromator based on graded SiGe crystals,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 467–468, 623–626 (2001).
[Crossref]

Adelung, R.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agafonov, Y. A.

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Aschenbach, B.

B. Aschenbach, “Boundary between geometric and wave optical treatment of X-ray mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 59000D (2005).
[Crossref]

Barker, J.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrett, R.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Bennett, J. M.

Berglund, M.

T. Wilhein, D. Hambach, B. Niemann, M. Berglund, L. Rymell, and H. M. Hertz, “Off-axis reflection zone plate for quantitative soft x-ray source characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(2), 190–192 (1997).
[Crossref]

Berndt, R.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berthiaume, G. D.

D. H. Lumb, G. D. Berthiaume, D. N. Burrows, G. P. Garmire, and J. A. Nousek, “Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs) in X-ray Astronomy,” http://xmm.vilspa.esa.es/user/socpub/ccd_review/ccd_rev1.html (2015).

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7expanded edition, Cambridge, 572–576 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,1999).

Braig, C.

Bryunetkin, B. A.

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Brzhezinskaya, M.

C. Braig, H. Löchel, R. Mitzner, W. Quevedo, P. Loukas, M. Kubin, C. Weniger, A. Firsov, J. Rehanek, M. Brzhezinskaya, P. Wernet, A. Foehlisch, and A. Erko, “Design and optimization of a parallel spectrometer for ultra-fast X-ray science,” Opt. Express 22, 12583–12602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Löchel, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, J. Rehanek, and A. Erko, “Reflection zone plates for 2D focusing and spectroscopy of hard X-rays,” J. Phys. Conf. Series 425, 052025 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Firsov, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, A. Svintsov, and A. Erko, “Dedicated software for diffractive optics design and simulation,” J. Phys. 425(4), 162004 (2013).

Buck, J.

Bunk, O.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Burrows, D. N.

D. H. Lumb, G. D. Berthiaume, D. N. Burrows, G. P. Garmire, and J. A. Nousek, “Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs) in X-ray Astronomy,” http://xmm.vilspa.esa.es/user/socpub/ccd_review/ccd_rev1.html (2015).

Cammarata, M.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Chantrell, R. W.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

David, C.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Duparré, A.

Dürr, H. A.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erko, A.

C. Braig, H. Löchel, R. Mitzner, W. Quevedo, P. Loukas, M. Kubin, C. Weniger, A. Firsov, J. Rehanek, M. Brzhezinskaya, P. Wernet, A. Foehlisch, and A. Erko, “Design and optimization of a parallel spectrometer for ultra-fast X-ray science,” Opt. Express 22, 12583–12602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Löchel, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, J. Rehanek, and A. Erko, “Reflection zone plates for 2D focusing and spectroscopy of hard X-rays,” J. Phys. Conf. Series 425, 052025 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Firsov, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, A. Svintsov, and A. Erko, “Dedicated software for diffractive optics design and simulation,” J. Phys. 425(4), 162004 (2013).

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and F. Senf, “Novel Parallel VUV/X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer,” Spectrochim. Acta B 67, 57–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and K. Holldack, “New Developments in Femtosecond Soft X-ray Spectroscopy,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1234, 177–180 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Erko, I. Packe, W. Gudat, N. Abrosimov, and A. Firsov, “A crystal monochromator based on graded SiGe crystals,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 467–468, 623–626 (2001).
[Crossref]

Erko, A. I.

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Evans, R. F. L.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faenov, A. Y.

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Färm, E.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Feldkamp, J. M.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ferre-Borrull, J.

Firsov, A.

C. Braig, H. Löchel, R. Mitzner, W. Quevedo, P. Loukas, M. Kubin, C. Weniger, A. Firsov, J. Rehanek, M. Brzhezinskaya, P. Wernet, A. Foehlisch, and A. Erko, “Design and optimization of a parallel spectrometer for ultra-fast X-ray science,” Opt. Express 22, 12583–12602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Löchel, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, J. Rehanek, and A. Erko, “Reflection zone plates for 2D focusing and spectroscopy of hard X-rays,” J. Phys. Conf. Series 425, 052025 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Firsov, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, A. Svintsov, and A. Erko, “Dedicated software for diffractive optics design and simulation,” J. Phys. 425(4), 162004 (2013).

A. Firsov, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, A. Svintsov, and A. Erko, “Dedicated software for diffractive optics design and simulation,” J. Phys. 425(4), 162004 (2013).

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and F. Senf, “Novel Parallel VUV/X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer,” Spectrochim. Acta B 67, 57–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and K. Holldack, “New Developments in Femtosecond Soft X-ray Spectroscopy,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1234, 177–180 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Erko, I. Packe, W. Gudat, N. Abrosimov, and A. Firsov, “A crystal monochromator based on graded SiGe crystals,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 467–468, 623–626 (2001).
[Crossref]

Foehlisch, A.

Föhlisch, A.

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fritz, D. M.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Garmire, G. P.

D. H. Lumb, G. D. Berthiaume, D. N. Burrows, G. P. Garmire, and J. A. Nousek, “Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs) in X-ray Astronomy,” http://xmm.vilspa.esa.es/user/socpub/ccd_review/ccd_rev1.html (2015).

Gliech, S.

Gorelick, S.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Grünert, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Gudat, W.

A. Erko, I. Packe, W. Gudat, N. Abrosimov, and A. Firsov, “A crystal monochromator based on graded SiGe crystals,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 467–468, 623–626 (2001).
[Crossref]

Guzenko, V. A.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Hambach, D.

T. Wilhein, D. Hambach, B. Niemann, M. Berglund, L. Rymell, and H. M. Hertz, “Off-axis reflection zone plate for quantitative soft x-ray source characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(2), 190–192 (1997).
[Crossref]

Handa, S.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hara, T.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harm, S.

M. Kalläne, J. Buck, S. Harm, R. Seemann, K. Rossnagel, and L. Kipp, “Focusing light with a reflection photon sieve,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2405–2407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hastings, J. B.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hastings, J.B.

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hatsui, T.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hertz, H. M.

T. Wilhein, D. Hambach, B. Niemann, M. Berglund, L. Rymell, and H. M. Hertz, “Off-axis reflection zone plate for quantitative soft x-ray source characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(2), 190–192 (1997).
[Crossref]

Holldack, K.

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and K. Holldack, “New Developments in Femtosecond Soft X-ray Spectroscopy,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1234, 177–180 (2010).
[Crossref]

Inagaki, K.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Inubushi, Y.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, T.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itoh, A.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, R. L.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kachel, T.

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kagoshima, Y.

T. Tsuji, H. Takano, T. Koyama, Y. Tsusaka, and Y. Kagoshima, “Development of a Total Reflection Zone Plate for Hard X-ray Focusing,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 030207 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kalläne, M.

Kameshima, T.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimel, A. V.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimura, T.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kipp, L.

M. Kalläne, J. Buck, S. Harm, R. Seemann, K. Rossnagel, and L. Kipp, “Focusing light with a reflection photon sieve,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2405–2407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirilyuk, A.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koyama, T.

T. Tsuji, H. Takano, T. Koyama, Y. Tsusaka, and Y. Kagoshima, “Development of a Total Reflection Zone Plate for Hard X-ray Focusing,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 030207 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krzywinski, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Kubin, M.

Lee, S.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lemke, H. T.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Löchel, H.

Loukas, P.

Lumb, D. H.

D. H. Lumb, G. D. Berthiaume, D. N. Burrows, G. P. Garmire, and J. A. Nousek, “Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs) in X-ray Astronomy,” http://xmm.vilspa.esa.es/user/socpub/ccd_review/ccd_rev1.html (2015).

Matsuyama, S.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mimura, H.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mingaliev, A. P.

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Mitzner, R.

C. Braig, H. Löchel, R. Mitzner, W. Quevedo, P. Loukas, M. Kubin, C. Weniger, A. Firsov, J. Rehanek, M. Brzhezinskaya, P. Wernet, A. Foehlisch, and A. Erko, “Design and optimization of a parallel spectrometer for ultra-fast X-ray science,” Opt. Express 22, 12583–12602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

Niemann, B.

T. Wilhein, D. Hambach, B. Niemann, M. Berglund, L. Rymell, and H. M. Hertz, “Off-axis reflection zone plate for quantitative soft x-ray source characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(2), 190–192 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nishino, Y.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Notni, G.

Nousek, J. A.

D. H. Lumb, G. D. Berthiaume, D. N. Burrows, G. P. Garmire, and J. A. Nousek, “Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs) in X-ray Astronomy,” http://xmm.vilspa.esa.es/user/socpub/ccd_review/ccd_rev1.html (2015).

Ostler, T. A.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Packe, I.

A. Erko, I. Packe, W. Gudat, N. Abrosimov, and A. Firsov, “A crystal monochromator based on graded SiGe crystals,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 467–468, 623–626 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pikuz, S. A.

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Pontius, N.

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quevedo, W.

Radu, I.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rasing, T.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rehanek, J.

Ritala, M.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Robert, A.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Romanova, V. M.

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Rossnagel, K.

Rutishauser, S.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Rymell, L.

T. Wilhein, D. Hambach, B. Niemann, M. Berglund, L. Rymell, and H. M. Hertz, “Off-axis reflection zone plate for quantitative soft x-ray source characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(2), 190–192 (1997).
[Crossref]

Samoylova, L.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Sano, Y.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sato, T.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, J.

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

Seemann, R.

M. Kalläne, J. Buck, S. Harm, R. Seemann, K. Rossnagel, and L. Kipp, “Focusing light with a reflection photon sieve,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2405–2407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senf, F.

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and F. Senf, “Novel Parallel VUV/X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer,” Spectrochim. Acta B 67, 57–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shelkovenko, T. A.

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Shi, L.

Sinn, H.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Skibowski, M.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skobelev, I. Yu

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Sperling, M.

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stamm, C.

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinert, J.

Svintsov, A.

A. Firsov, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, A. Svintsov, and A. Erko, “Dedicated software for diffractive optics design and simulation,” J. Phys. 425(4), 162004 (2013).

Takano, H.

T. Tsuji, H. Takano, T. Koyama, Y. Tsusaka, and Y. Kagoshima, “Development of a Total Reflection Zone Plate for Hard X-ray Focusing,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 030207 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tamasaku, K.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, H.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, T.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Togashi, T.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Togawa, K.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tono, K.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsuji, T.

T. Tsuji, H. Takano, T. Koyama, Y. Tsusaka, and Y. Kagoshima, “Development of a Total Reflection Zone Plate for Hard X-ray Focusing,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 030207 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsukamoto, A.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsusaka, Y.

T. Tsuji, H. Takano, T. Koyama, Y. Tsusaka, and Y. Kagoshima, “Development of a Total Reflection Zone Plate for Hard X-ray Focusing,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 030207 (2010).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. L.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vahaplar, K.

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vila-Comamala, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Wang, Y.

Weniger, C.

Wernet, P.

Wilhein, T.

T. Wilhein, D. Hambach, B. Niemann, M. Berglund, L. Rymell, and H. M. Hertz, “Off-axis reflection zone plate for quantitative soft x-ray source characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(2), 190–192 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7expanded edition, Cambridge, 572–576 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,1999).

Xie, C.

Yabashi, M.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamakawa, D.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yamamura, K.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yamauchi, K.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yokoyama, H.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yumoto, H.

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, D.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

Zolotorev, M.S.

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

AIP Conf. Proc. (1)

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and K. Holldack, “New Developments in Femtosecond Soft X-ray Spectroscopy,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1234, 177–180 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Wilhein, D. Hambach, B. Niemann, M. Berglund, L. Rymell, and H. M. Hertz, “Off-axis reflection zone plate for quantitative soft x-ray source characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(2), 190–192 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. (1)

A. Firsov, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, A. Svintsov, and A. Erko, “Dedicated software for diffractive optics design and simulation,” J. Phys. 425(4), 162004 (2013).

J. Phys. Conf. Series (1)

H. Löchel, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, J. Rehanek, and A. Erko, “Reflection zone plates for 2D focusing and spectroscopy of hard X-rays,” J. Phys. Conf. Series 425, 052025 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Synchrotron Rad. (1)

M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Firsov, K. Holldack, T. Kachel, R. Mitzner, N. Pontius, J. Schmidt, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, A. Föhlisch, and A. Erko, “A novel monochromator for experiments with ultrashort X-ray pulses,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 522–530 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jap. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Tsuji, H. Takano, T. Koyama, Y. Tsusaka, and Y. Kagoshima, “Development of a Total Reflection Zone Plate for Hard X-ray Focusing,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 030207 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

I. Radu, K. Vahaplar, C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, T. A. Ostler, J. Barker, R. F. L. Evans, R. W. Chantrell, A. Tsukamoto, A. Itoh, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, and A. V. Kimel, “Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins,” Nature 472, 205–208 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature Phys. (1)

H. Mimura, S. Handa, T. Kimura, H. Yumoto, D. Yamakawa, H. Yokoyama, S. Matsuyama, K. Inagaki, K. Yamamura, Y. Sano, K. Tamasaku, Y. Nishino, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Breaking the 10 nm barrier in hard-X-ray focusing,” Nature Phys. 6, 122–125 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature Sci. Reports (1)

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Nature Sci. Reports 1, 57 (2011).

Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A (1)

A. Erko, I. Packe, W. Gudat, N. Abrosimov, and A. Firsov, “A crystal monochromator based on graded SiGe crystals,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 467–468, 623–626 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Yabashi, J.B. Hastings, M.S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for X-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an X-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. Aschenbach, “Boundary between geometric and wave optical treatment of X-ray mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 5900, 59000D (2005).
[Crossref]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. A. Agafonov, B. A. Bryunetkin, A. I. Erko, A. P. Mingaliev, S. A. Pikuz, V. M. Romanova, I. Yu Skobelev, A. Y. Faenov, and T. A. Shelkovenko, “Obtaining the image of the hot point of a fast Z pinch by means of a linear Bragg-Fresnel lens,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 18, 533 (1992).

Spectrochim. Acta B (1)

A. Erko, A. Firsov, and F. Senf, “Novel Parallel VUV/X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer,” Spectrochim. Acta B 67, 57–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

Oxford Instruments plc, Tubney Woods, Abingdon, Oxon OX13 5QX, United Kingdom http://oxford-instruments.com (2015).

https://www.helmholtz-berlin.de/pubbin/igama_output?modus=einzel&sprache=en&gid=1615 (2015).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7expanded edition, Cambridge, 572–576 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,1999).

D. H. Lumb, G. D. Berthiaume, D. N. Burrows, G. P. Garmire, and J. A. Nousek, “Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs) in X-ray Astronomy,” http://xmm.vilspa.esa.es/user/socpub/ccd_review/ccd_rev1.html (2015).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup. The RZP section of length L and width W is illuminated under the grazing angle α0 and the spectra are recorded around the exit angle β0 for E0 along the dispersion direction ydet in the detector plane below the 0th order specular reflection (not shown). Dimensions and angles are not to scale. Table 2 summarizes the design parameters.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Influence of the off-axis distance X0 on the spectral width ΔE(FSR) (left picture, semi-logarithmic scale) and on the effective area Aeff (right). See the text for further details.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Ray tracing simulation for five selected energies between 7.8 keV and 9.0 keV. The geometrical aspect ratios of the focal spots are to scale; and the color encodes the relative photon runtime from the source to the detector with respect to the arithmetic mean for the rays associated with E0.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calculated on-axis efficiency of the laminar Au profile in (−1)st order for the design energy E0 at the geometrical RZP center X0 (Tab. 2). No surface roughness is presumed.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 AFM images of the grating profile. The pictures are taken at low (a) and high (b) line density regions of the RZP, as indicated by yellow rectangles in the schematic central sketch, not drawn to scale here for better illustration.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Grating profile cross section, evaluated from the AFM images in regions of low (L) and high (H) line density, as indicated in Fig. 5(a) and 5(b), respectively. The mean etch depth is accordingly marked by ⟨ΔtL/H for the two domains.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Normalized power spectral density (PSD) function across the grating lines, based on the AFM data from Fig. 5 close to the optical axis (red) and near the outer edge (blue).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 CCD focal plane recordings for photon energies between 7.8 keV and 9.0 keV. Each image is composed from 131 (H) × 151 (V) pixel of 0.65 μm in size. The intensity is color-encoded on the same scale, where brighter tones indicate higher intensity.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Relative deviation of the measured energy dispersion dE/dỹ|ex., as evaluated from the -positions of the peaks in Fig. 8 (black dots), from the value expected by Eq. (2).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Resolving power between 7.8 keV and 9.0 keV, evaluated from the focal spot FWHM of the CCD images (Fig. 8) in dispersion direction (black dots). The data (black dots) are fitted (red line) by the model defined in Eq. (6) and compared to ray tracing results (gray dots and dashed line).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Focal spot size for various X0 separations

Tables Icon

Table 2 Spectrometer design parameters

Equations (8)

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R N 1 h ( Δ τ E ) with R E Δ E
Δ E = d E d y ˜ | th . f o c u s ( m ) ( E ) w i t h d E d y ˜ | th . = F D ( E ) d l ( X m ) ,
d E d y ˜ | th . = n = 0 2 a n ( E E 0 ) n ,
focus ( m ) ( E ) G ( E ) 1 + ( E E σ ) 2 ,
G ( E ) ¯ focus ( m ) ( E + δ E ) / ¯ focus ( m ) ( E δ E )
R ( E ) [ 1 + [ σ 1 ( E E ) ] 2 ] 1 / 2 R ( E ) ,
R ( E ) E d E d y ˜ | th . ( E ) [ focus ( m ) ( E ) ] 1 .
focus ( m ) M sin α 0 sin β 0 source with M R 2 R 1

Metrics