Abstract

To solve the phase matching and analyte filling problems in the microstructured optical fiber (MOF)-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors, we present the D-shaped hollow core MOF-based SPR sensor. The air hole in the fiber core can lower the refractive index of a Gaussian-like core mode to match with that of a plasmon mode. The analyte is deposited directly onto the D-shaped flat surface instead of filling the fiber holes. We numerically investigate the effect of the air hole in the core on the SPR sensing performance, and identify the sensor sensitivity on wavelength, amplitude and phase. This work allows us to determine the feasibility of using the D-shaped hollow-core MOFs to develop a high-sensitivity, real-time and distributed SPR sensor.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

N. Luan, R. Wang, Y. Lu, and J. Yao, “Simulation of surface plasmon resonance temperature sensor based on liquid mixture-filling microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Eng. 53(6), 067103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Tan, X. Hao, Y. Shao, Y. Chen, X. Li, and P. Fan, “Phase modulation and structural effects in a D-shaped all-solid photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Opt. Express 22(12), 15049–15063 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

B. Shuai, L. Xia, Y. Zhang, and D. Liu, “A multi-core holey fiber based plasmonic sensor with large detection range and high linearity,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5974–5986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y.-L. Lo, C.-H. Chuang, and Z.-W. Lin, “Ultrahigh sensitivity polarimetric strain sensor based upon D-shaped optical fiber and surface plasmon resonance technology,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2489–2491 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. Prill Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. St. J Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Hautakorpi, M. Mattinen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Surface-plasmon-resonance sensor based on three-hole microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8427–8432 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

M. A. Skorobogatiy and A. Kabashin, “Plasmon excitation by the Gaussian-like core mode of a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8419–8424 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Skorobogatiy and A. Kabashin, “Photon crystal waveguide-based surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 143518 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Monzón-Hernández and J. Villatoro, “High-resolution refractive index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 115(1), 227–231 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

B. D. Gupta and A. K. Sharma, “Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 40–46 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, M. Meunier, and J. H. Luong, “Properties and sensing characteristics of surface-plasmon resonance in infrared light,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(8), 1644–1650 (2003).
[PubMed]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

A. Trouillet, C. Ronot-Trioli, C. Veillas, and H. Gagnaire, “Chemical sensing by surface plasmon resonance in a multimode optical fibre,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 227–237 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Chuang, C.-H.

Cox, F. M.

Ctyroký, J.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

Djurišic, A. B.

Elazar, J. M.

Fan, P.

Fassi Fehri, M.

Gagnaire, H.

A. Trouillet, C. Ronot-Trioli, C. Veillas, and H. Gagnaire, “Chemical sensing by surface plasmon resonance in a multimode optical fibre,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 227–237 (1996).
[Crossref]

Gauglitz, G.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gauvreau, B.

Gupta, B. D.

B. D. Gupta and A. K. Sharma, “Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 40–46 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hao, X.

Hassani, A.

Hautakorpi, M.

Homola, J.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kabashin, A.

Kabashin, A. V.

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Large, M. C. J.

Leviatan, Y.

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Lin, Z.-W.

Liu, D.

B. Shuai, L. Xia, Y. Zhang, and D. Liu, “A multi-core holey fiber based plasmonic sensor with large detection range and high linearity,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5974–5986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lo, Y.-L.

Lu, P.

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

N. Luan, R. Wang, Y. Lu, and J. Yao, “Simulation of surface plasmon resonance temperature sensor based on liquid mixture-filling microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Eng. 53(6), 067103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luan, N.

N. Luan, R. Wang, Y. Lu, and J. Yao, “Simulation of surface plasmon resonance temperature sensor based on liquid mixture-filling microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Eng. 53(6), 067103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ludvigsen, H.

Luna-Moreno, D.

Luong, J. H.

Lv, C.

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Majewski, M. L.

Maníková, Z.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mattinen, M.

Meunier, M.

Monzón-Hernández, D.

D. Monzón-Hernández and J. Villatoro, “High-resolution refractive index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 115(1), 227–231 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Monzón-Hernández, J. Villatoro, D. Talavera, and D. Luna-Moreno, “Optical-fiber surface-plasmon resonance sensor with multiple resonance peaks,” Appl. Opt. 43(6), 1216–1220 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, S.

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[Crossref]

Patskovsky, S.

Piliarik, M.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

Poulton, C. G.

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. Prill Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. St. J Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[Crossref]

Prill Sempere, L. N.

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. Prill Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. St. J Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rakic, A. D.

Ronot-Trioli, C.

A. Trouillet, C. Ronot-Trioli, C. Veillas, and H. Gagnaire, “Chemical sensing by surface plasmon resonance in a multimode optical fibre,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 227–237 (1996).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. St. J

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. Prill Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. St. J Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, M. A.

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. Prill Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. St. J Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shao, Y.

Sharma, A. K.

B. D. Gupta and A. K. Sharma, “Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 40–46 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shuai, B.

Shum, P.

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[Crossref]

Skorobogatiy, M.

A. Hassani and M. Skorobogatiy, “Design criteria for microstructured-optical-fiber-based surface-plasmon-resonance sensors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(6), 1423–1429 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Skorobogatiy and A. Kabashin, “Photon crystal waveguide-based surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 143518 (2006).
[Crossref]

Skorobogatiy, M. A.

Talavera, D.

Tan, Z.

Tian, M.

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Trouillet, A.

A. Trouillet, C. Ronot-Trioli, C. Veillas, and H. Gagnaire, “Chemical sensing by surface plasmon resonance in a multimode optical fibre,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 227–237 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tyagi, H. K.

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. Prill Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. St. J Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[Crossref]

Veillas, C.

A. Trouillet, C. Ronot-Trioli, C. Veillas, and H. Gagnaire, “Chemical sensing by surface plasmon resonance in a multimode optical fibre,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 227–237 (1996).
[Crossref]

Villatoro, J.

D. Monzón-Hernández and J. Villatoro, “High-resolution refractive index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 115(1), 227–231 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Monzón-Hernández, J. Villatoro, D. Talavera, and D. Luna-Moreno, “Optical-fiber surface-plasmon resonance sensor with multiple resonance peaks,” Appl. Opt. 43(6), 1216–1220 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, R.

N. Luan, R. Wang, Y. Lu, and J. Yao, “Simulation of surface plasmon resonance temperature sensor based on liquid mixture-filling microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Eng. 53(6), 067103 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, R. Wang, F. M. Cox, B. T. Kuhlmey, and M. C. J. Large, “Selective coating of holes in microstructured optical fiber and its application to in-fiber absorptive polarizers,” Opt. Express 15(24), 16270–16278 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, L.

B. Shuai, L. Xia, Y. Zhang, and D. Liu, “A multi-core holey fiber based plasmonic sensor with large detection range and high linearity,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5974–5986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, M.

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

N. Luan, R. Wang, Y. Lu, and J. Yao, “Simulation of surface plasmon resonance temperature sensor based on liquid mixture-filling microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Eng. 53(6), 067103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

B. Shuai, L. Xia, Y. Zhang, and D. Liu, “A multi-core holey fiber based plasmonic sensor with large detection range and high linearity,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5974–5986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, C.

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Skorobogatiy and A. Kabashin, “Photon crystal waveguide-based surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(14), 143518 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

N. Luan, R. Wang, Y. Lu, and J. Yao, “Simulation of surface plasmon resonance temperature sensor based on liquid mixture-filling microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Eng. 53(6), 067103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. A. Schmidt, L. N. Prill Sempere, H. K. Tyagi, C. G. Poulton, and P. St. J Russell, “Waveguiding and plasmon resonances in two-dimensional photonic lattices of gold and silver nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 033417 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

A. Trouillet, C. Ronot-Trioli, C. Veillas, and H. Gagnaire, “Chemical sensing by surface plasmon resonance in a multimode optical fibre,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 227–237 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (4)

B. D. Gupta and A. K. Sharma, “Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 40–46 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 236–242 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. Monzón-Hernández and J. Villatoro, “High-resolution refractive index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 115(1), 227–231 (2006).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematics of the SPR sensor based on D-shaped MOF with hollow core.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Left: Dispersion relations of core modes (black and blue curves) and a plasmon mode (red curve) with na = 1.33 and dc = 0.2Λ. Right: Electric field distributions of the (a) x-polarized core mode at λ = 600nm, (b) y-polarized core mode at λ = 560nm, (c) y-polarized plasmon mode at λ = 560nm and (d) y-polarized core mode at λ = 648nm (phase matching point).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Loss spectra of a y-polarized core mode with analyte na at 1.33 and 1.34 when the dc is 0.2Λ. (b) Re(neff) at the phase matching point and the peak wavelength of a y-polarized core mode for various values of the dc.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Wavelength sensitivity and peak loss of the y-polarized core mode for various values of the dc. (b) Loss spectra of the y-polarized for different values of the dc = 0Λ, 0.2Λ and 0.4Λ when the na is 1.33. And insets show the corresponding electric field distribution of the core mode at wavelength λ = 590 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Amplitude sensitivity comparison of the y-polarized for different values of the dc = 0Λ, 0.2Λ, 0.4Λ. (b) Maximum amplitude sensitivity and its wavelength of the y-polarized for various values of the dc.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The phase difference of two modes Φd with na at 1.33 and 1.34 when the dc is 0.2Λ. Vertical lines represent the wavelength of the incident light for the maximum phase shift. (b) Maximum phase sensitivity and maximum Φd value of the sensor for various values of the dc with na at 1.33.

Equations (4)

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α loss =8.686 k 0 Im[ n eff ](dB/m)
S λ [nm/RIU]= Δ λ peak ( n a ) / Δ n a
S= ( Δ α loss / Δ n a ) / α 1.33
Φ d = 2π λ ( Re( n p )Re( n s ) )L

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