Abstract

In this paper, we discuss an impact of thin titanium dioxide (TiO2) coatings on refractive index (RI) sensitivity and biofunctionalization of long-period gratings (LPGs). The TiO2 overlays on the LPG surfaces have been obtained using atomic layer deposition (ALD) method. This method allows for a deposition of conformal, thickness-controlled, with well-defined optical properties, and high-RI thin films which are highly desired for optical fiber sensors. It has been found that for LPGs working at a dispersion turning point of higher order cladding modes only tens of nanometers of TiO2 overlay thickness allow to obtain cladding mode transition effect, and thus significant improvement of RI sensitivity. When the TiO2 overlay thickness reaches 70 nm, it is possible to obtain RI sensitivity exceeding 6200 nm/RIU in RI range where label-free sensors operate. Moreover, LPGs with TiO2-enhanced RI sensitivity have shown improved sensitivity to bacteria endotoxin (E. coli B lipopolysaccharide) detection, when TiO2 surface is functionalized with endotoxin binding protein (adhesin) of T4 bacteriophage.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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  39. T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, “Decay of ultraviolet-induced fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 73–80 (1994).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  44. X. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sensitivity characteristics of long period fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(2), 255–266 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  45. S. G. Bartual, J. M. Otero, C. Garcia-Doval, A. L. Llamas-Saiz, R. Kahn, G. C. Fox, and M. J. van Raaij, “Structure of the bacteriophage T4 long tail fiber receptor-binding tip,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(47), 20287–20292 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]

2015 (1)

E. Brzozowska, M. Śmietana, M. Koba, S. Górska, K. Pawlik, A. Gamian, and W. J. Bock, “Recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide using bacteriophage-adhesin-coated long-period gratings,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 67, 93–99 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

H. Chen, Z. Guc, and K. Gao, “Humidity sensor based on cascaded chirped long-period fiber gratings coated with TiO2/SnO2 composite films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 196, 18–22 (2014).

M. Consales, G. Berruti, A. Borriello, M. Giordano, S. Buontempo, G. Breglio, A. Makovec, P. Petagna, and A. Cusano, “Nanoscale TiO2-coated LPGs as radiation-tolerant humidity sensors for high-energy physics applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4128–4131 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Coelho, D. Viegas, J. L. Santos, and J. M. M. M. de Almeida, “Enhanced refractive index sensing characteristics of optical fibre long period grating coated with titanium dioxide thin films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 202, 929–934 (2014).

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

M. Myśliwiec, J. Grochowski, K. Krogulski, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and M. Smietana, “Effect of wet etching of arc induced long-period gratings on their refractive index sensitivity,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 521–524 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. E. Sah, R. Driad, F. Bernhardt, L. Kirste, C.-C. Leancu, H. Czap, F. Benkhelifa, M. Mikulla, and O. Ambacher, “Mechanical and electrical properties of plasma and thermal atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films on GaAs and Si,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(4), 041502 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Śmietana, M. Mysliwiec, P. Mikulic, B. S. Witkowski, and W. J. Bock, “Capability for fine tuning of the refractive index sensing properties of long-period gratings by atomic layer deposited Al2O3 overlays,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 13(12), 16372–16383 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

P. Pilla, C. Trono, F. Baldini, F. Chiavaioli, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, “Giant sensitivity of long period gratings in transition mode near the dispersion turning point: an integrated design approach,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4152–4154 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Ali, S. Srivastava, P. R. Solanki, V. V. Agrawal, R. John, and B. D. Malhotra, “Nanostructured anatase-titanium dioxide based platform for application to microfluidics cholesterol biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(8), 084105 (2012).
[Crossref]

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, P.-C. Wu, W.-T. Whang, and F.-G. Tseng, “Measurement of organic chemical refractive indexes using an optical time-domain reflectometer,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 12(12), 481–488 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Ghrairi and M. Bouaicha, “Structural, morphological and optical properties of TiO2 thin films synthesized by the electrophoretic deposition technique,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 357 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Jayasinghe, A. G. U. Perera, H. Zhu, and Y. Zhao, “Optical properties of nanostructured TiO2 thin films and their application as antireflection coatings on infrared detectors,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4302–4304 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Pilla, A. Sandomenico, V. Malachovská, A. Borriello, M. Giordano, A. Cutolo, M. Ruvo, and A. Cusano, “A protein-based biointerfacing route toward label-free immunoassays with long period gratings in transition mode,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 31(1), 486–491 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

2010 (5)

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, P. Mikulic, and J. Chen, “Pressure sensing in high-refractive-index liquids using long-period gratings nanocoated with silicon nitride,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 11301–11310 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hernáez, I. Del Villar, C. R. Zamarreño, F. J. Arregui, and I. R. Matias, “Optical fiber refractometers based on lossy mode resonances supported by TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3980–3985 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Alasaarela, T. Saastamoinen, J. Hiltunen, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, P. Stenberg, M. Kuittinen, and S. Honkanen, “Atomic layer deposited titanium dioxide and its application in resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Opt. 49(22), 4321–4325 (2010).
[PubMed]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, J. Szmidt, and J. Grabarczyk, “Substrate effect on the optical properties and thickness of diamond-like carbon films deposited by the RF PACVD method,” Diamond Related Materials 19(12), 1461–1465 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. G. Bartual, J. M. Otero, C. Garcia-Doval, A. L. Llamas-Saiz, R. Kahn, G. C. Fox, and M. J. van Raaij, “Structure of the bacteriophage T4 long tail fiber receptor-binding tip,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(47), 20287–20292 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

H. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, and W.-J. Maeng, “Applications of atomic layer deposition to nanofabrication and emerging nanodevices,” Thin Solid Films 517(8), 2563–2580 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Davies, R. Viitala, M. Salomaki, S. Areva, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sol–gel derived coating applied to long-period gratings for enhanced refractive index sensing properties,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(1), 015501 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

M. Smietana, J. Szmidt, M. L. Korwin-Pawlowski, W. J. Bock, and J. Grabarczyk, “Application of diamond-like carbon films in optical fibre sensors based on long-period gratings,” Diamond Related Materials 16(4–7), 1374–1377 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Gu and Y. Xu, “Design optimization of a long-period fiber grating with sol–gel coating for a gas sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18(11), 3530–3536 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

D. Galbarra, F. J. Arregui, I. R. Matias, and R. O. Claus, “Ammonia optical fiber sensor based on self-assembled zirconia thin films,” Smart Mater. Struct. 14(4), 739–744 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. L. Puurunen, “Surface chemistry of atomic layer deposition: A case study for the trimethylaluminium/water process,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 121301 (2005).
[Crossref]

I. M. Ishaq, A. Quintela, S. W. James, G. J. Ashwell, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and R. P. Tatam, “Modification of the refractive index response of long period grating using thin film overlays,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 738–741 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

U. Diebold, “The surface science of titanium dioxide,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 48(5–8), 53–229 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

X. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sensitivity characteristics of long period fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(2), 255–266 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K. Zhou, H. Liu, and X. Hu, “Tuning the resonant wavelength of long period fiber gratings by etching the fiber's cladding,” Opt. Commun. 197(4–6), 295–299 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

L. Martinu and D. Poitras, “Plasma deposition of optical films and coatings: A review,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18(6), 2619–2645 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

P. Hengen, “Purification of His-Tag fusion proteins from Escherichia coli,” Trends Biochem. Sci. 20(7), 285–286 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, “Decay of ultraviolet-induced fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 73–80 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 29(13), 1191–1193 (1993).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, V. V.

M. A. Ali, S. Srivastava, P. R. Solanki, V. V. Agrawal, R. John, and B. D. Malhotra, “Nanostructured anatase-titanium dioxide based platform for application to microfluidics cholesterol biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(8), 084105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alasaarela, T.

Ali, M. A.

M. A. Ali, S. Srivastava, P. R. Solanki, V. V. Agrawal, R. John, and B. D. Malhotra, “Nanostructured anatase-titanium dioxide based platform for application to microfluidics cholesterol biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(8), 084105 (2012).
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Areva, S.

E. Davies, R. Viitala, M. Salomaki, S. Areva, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sol–gel derived coating applied to long-period gratings for enhanced refractive index sensing properties,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(1), 015501 (2009).
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I. M. Ishaq, A. Quintela, S. W. James, G. J. Ashwell, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and R. P. Tatam, “Modification of the refractive index response of long period grating using thin film overlays,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 738–741 (2005).
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R. E. Sah, R. Driad, F. Bernhardt, L. Kirste, C.-C. Leancu, H. Czap, F. Benkhelifa, M. Mikulla, and O. Ambacher, “Mechanical and electrical properties of plasma and thermal atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films on GaAs and Si,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(4), 041502 (2013).
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E. Davies, R. Viitala, M. Salomaki, S. Areva, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sol–gel derived coating applied to long-period gratings for enhanced refractive index sensing properties,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(1), 015501 (2009).
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Bhatia, V.

V. Bhatia, “Applications of long-period gratings to single and multi-parameter sensing,” Opt. Express 4(11), 457–466 (1999).
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Bock, W. J.

E. Brzozowska, M. Śmietana, M. Koba, S. Górska, K. Pawlik, A. Gamian, and W. J. Bock, “Recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide using bacteriophage-adhesin-coated long-period gratings,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 67, 93–99 (2015).
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K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
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K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

M. Śmietana, M. Mysliwiec, P. Mikulic, B. S. Witkowski, and W. J. Bock, “Capability for fine tuning of the refractive index sensing properties of long-period gratings by atomic layer deposited Al2O3 overlays,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 13(12), 16372–16383 (2013).
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M. Myśliwiec, J. Grochowski, K. Krogulski, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and M. Smietana, “Effect of wet etching of arc induced long-period gratings on their refractive index sensitivity,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 521–524 (2013).
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M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and J. Szmidt, “Evolution of optical properties with deposition time of silicon nitride and diamond-like carbon films deposited by radio-frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition method,” Thin Solid Films 519, 6339–6343 (2011).
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M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and P. Mikulic, “Temperature sensitivity of silicon nitride nanocoated long-period gratings working in various surrounding media,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22(11), 115203 (2011).
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M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, P. Mikulic, A. Ng, R. Chinnappan, and M. Zourob, “Detection of bacteria using bacteriophages as recognition elements immobilized on long-period fiber gratings,” Opt. Express 19(9), 7971–7978 (2011).
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M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, J. Szmidt, and J. Grabarczyk, “Substrate effect on the optical properties and thickness of diamond-like carbon films deposited by the RF PACVD method,” Diamond Related Materials 19(12), 1461–1465 (2010).
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M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, P. Mikulic, and J. Chen, “Pressure sensing in high-refractive-index liquids using long-period gratings nanocoated with silicon nitride,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 11301–11310 (2010).
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M. Smietana, J. Szmidt, M. L. Korwin-Pawlowski, W. J. Bock, and J. Grabarczyk, “Application of diamond-like carbon films in optical fibre sensors based on long-period gratings,” Diamond Related Materials 16(4–7), 1374–1377 (2007).
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Boni, P.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
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Bouaicha, M.

N. Ghrairi and M. Bouaicha, “Structural, morphological and optical properties of TiO2 thin films synthesized by the electrophoretic deposition technique,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 357 (2012).
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Brzozowska, E.

E. Brzozowska, M. Śmietana, M. Koba, S. Górska, K. Pawlik, A. Gamian, and W. J. Bock, “Recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide using bacteriophage-adhesin-coated long-period gratings,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 67, 93–99 (2015).
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Buosciolo, A.

Campopiano, S.

Chen, H.

H. Chen, Z. Guc, and K. Gao, “Humidity sensor based on cascaded chirped long-period fiber gratings coated with TiO2/SnO2 composite films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 196, 18–22 (2014).

Chen, J.

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, P. Mikulic, and J. Chen, “Pressure sensing in high-refractive-index liquids using long-period gratings nanocoated with silicon nitride,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 11301–11310 (2010).
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Chinnappan, R.

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C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, P.-C. Wu, W.-T. Whang, and F.-G. Tseng, “Measurement of organic chemical refractive indexes using an optical time-domain reflectometer,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 12(12), 481–488 (2012).
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Claus, R. O.

D. Galbarra, F. J. Arregui, I. R. Matias, and R. O. Claus, “Ammonia optical fiber sensor based on self-assembled zirconia thin films,” Smart Mater. Struct. 14(4), 739–744 (2005).
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L. Coelho, D. Viegas, J. L. Santos, and J. M. M. M. de Almeida, “Enhanced refractive index sensing characteristics of optical fibre long period grating coated with titanium dioxide thin films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 202, 929–934 (2014).

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Contessa, L.

Cunningham, B. T.

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
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Cutolo, A.

Czap, H.

R. E. Sah, R. Driad, F. Bernhardt, L. Kirste, C.-C. Leancu, H. Czap, F. Benkhelifa, M. Mikulla, and O. Ambacher, “Mechanical and electrical properties of plasma and thermal atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films on GaAs and Si,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(4), 041502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Davies, E.

E. Davies, R. Viitala, M. Salomaki, S. Areva, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sol–gel derived coating applied to long-period gratings for enhanced refractive index sensing properties,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(1), 015501 (2009).
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L. Coelho, D. Viegas, J. L. Santos, and J. M. M. M. de Almeida, “Enhanced refractive index sensing characteristics of optical fibre long period grating coated with titanium dioxide thin films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 202, 929–934 (2014).

Debowska, A. K.

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
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Demirci, U.

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
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Driad, R.

R. E. Sah, R. Driad, F. Bernhardt, L. Kirste, C.-C. Leancu, H. Czap, F. Benkhelifa, M. Mikulla, and O. Ambacher, “Mechanical and electrical properties of plasma and thermal atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films on GaAs and Si,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(4), 041502 (2013).
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K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
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L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
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A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
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S. G. Bartual, J. M. Otero, C. Garcia-Doval, A. L. Llamas-Saiz, R. Kahn, G. C. Fox, and M. J. van Raaij, “Structure of the bacteriophage T4 long tail fiber receptor-binding tip,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(47), 20287–20292 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galbarra, D.

D. Galbarra, F. J. Arregui, I. R. Matias, and R. O. Claus, “Ammonia optical fiber sensor based on self-assembled zirconia thin films,” Smart Mater. Struct. 14(4), 739–744 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gamian, A.

E. Brzozowska, M. Śmietana, M. Koba, S. Górska, K. Pawlik, A. Gamian, and W. J. Bock, “Recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide using bacteriophage-adhesin-coated long-period gratings,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 67, 93–99 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, K.

H. Chen, Z. Guc, and K. Gao, “Humidity sensor based on cascaded chirped long-period fiber gratings coated with TiO2/SnO2 composite films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 196, 18–22 (2014).

Garcia-Doval, C.

S. G. Bartual, J. M. Otero, C. Garcia-Doval, A. L. Llamas-Saiz, R. Kahn, G. C. Fox, and M. J. van Raaij, “Structure of the bacteriophage T4 long tail fiber receptor-binding tip,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(47), 20287–20292 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghrairi, N.

N. Ghrairi and M. Bouaicha, “Structural, morphological and optical properties of TiO2 thin films synthesized by the electrophoretic deposition technique,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 357 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gieraltowska, S.

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

Giordano, M.

Godlewski, M.

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

Gold, J.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

Górska, S.

E. Brzozowska, M. Śmietana, M. Koba, S. Górska, K. Pawlik, A. Gamian, and W. J. Bock, “Recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide using bacteriophage-adhesin-coated long-period gratings,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 67, 93–99 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grabarczyk, J.

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, J. Szmidt, and J. Grabarczyk, “Substrate effect on the optical properties and thickness of diamond-like carbon films deposited by the RF PACVD method,” Diamond Related Materials 19(12), 1461–1465 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, J. Szmidt, M. L. Korwin-Pawlowski, W. J. Bock, and J. Grabarczyk, “Application of diamond-like carbon films in optical fibre sensors based on long-period gratings,” Diamond Related Materials 16(4–7), 1374–1377 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grochowski, J.

M. Myśliwiec, J. Grochowski, K. Krogulski, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and M. Smietana, “Effect of wet etching of arc induced long-period gratings on their refractive index sensitivity,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 521–524 (2013).
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Z. Gu and Y. Xu, “Design optimization of a long-period fiber grating with sol–gel coating for a gas sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18(11), 3530–3536 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guc, Z.

H. Chen, Z. Guc, and K. Gao, “Humidity sensor based on cascaded chirped long-period fiber gratings coated with TiO2/SnO2 composite films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 196, 18–22 (2014).

Guo, J.-C.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hämäläinen, M.

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hanhauser, E.

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hansson, A.

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
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Hao, Y.-W.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
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P. Hengen, “Purification of His-Tag fusion proteins from Escherichia coli,” Trends Biochem. Sci. 20(7), 285–286 (1995).
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H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hernáez, M.

Hiltunen, J.

Honkanen, S.

Höök, F.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
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Hu, X.

K. Zhou, H. Liu, and X. Hu, “Tuning the resonant wavelength of long period fiber gratings by etching the fiber's cladding,” Opt. Commun. 197(4–6), 295–299 (2001).
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Iadicicco, A.

Inci, F.

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishaq, I. M.

I. M. Ishaq, A. Quintela, S. W. James, G. J. Ashwell, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and R. P. Tatam, “Modification of the refractive index response of long period grating using thin film overlays,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 738–741 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jahangir, M.

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

James, S. W.

I. M. Ishaq, A. Quintela, S. W. James, G. J. Ashwell, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and R. P. Tatam, “Modification of the refractive index response of long period grating using thin film overlays,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 738–741 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jayasinghe, R. C.

John, R.

M. A. Ali, S. Srivastava, P. R. Solanki, V. V. Agrawal, R. John, and B. D. Malhotra, “Nanostructured anatase-titanium dioxide based platform for application to microfluidics cholesterol biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(8), 084105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kahn, R.

S. G. Bartual, J. M. Otero, C. Garcia-Doval, A. L. Llamas-Saiz, R. Kahn, G. C. Fox, and M. J. van Raaij, “Structure of the bacteriophage T4 long tail fiber receptor-binding tip,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(47), 20287–20292 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karlsson, A. F.

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kasemo, B.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
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Khan, M. B.

Kim, H.

H. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, and W.-J. Maeng, “Applications of atomic layer deposition to nanofabrication and emerging nanodevices,” Thin Solid Films 517(8), 2563–2580 (2009).
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Kirste, L.

R. E. Sah, R. Driad, F. Bernhardt, L. Kirste, C.-C. Leancu, H. Czap, F. Benkhelifa, M. Mikulla, and O. Ambacher, “Mechanical and electrical properties of plasma and thermal atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films on GaAs and Si,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(4), 041502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koba, M.

E. Brzozowska, M. Śmietana, M. Koba, S. Górska, K. Pawlik, A. Gamian, and W. J. Bock, “Recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide using bacteriophage-adhesin-coated long-period gratings,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 67, 93–99 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korwin-Pawlowski, M. L.

M. Smietana, J. Szmidt, M. L. Korwin-Pawlowski, W. J. Bock, and J. Grabarczyk, “Application of diamond-like carbon films in optical fibre sensors based on long-period gratings,” Diamond Related Materials 16(4–7), 1374–1377 (2007).
[Crossref]

Krogulski, K.

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

M. Myśliwiec, J. Grochowski, K. Krogulski, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and M. Smietana, “Effect of wet etching of arc induced long-period gratings on their refractive index sensitivity,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 521–524 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kuittinen, M.

Kuritzkes, D. R.

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurrat, R.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

Leancu, C.-C.

R. E. Sah, R. Driad, F. Bernhardt, L. Kirste, C.-C. Leancu, H. Czap, F. Benkhelifa, M. Mikulla, and O. Ambacher, “Mechanical and electrical properties of plasma and thermal atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films on GaAs and Si,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(4), 041502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.-B.-R.

H. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, and W.-J. Maeng, “Applications of atomic layer deposition to nanofabrication and emerging nanodevices,” Thin Solid Films 517(8), 2563–2580 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, “Decay of ultraviolet-induced fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 73–80 (1994).
[Crossref]

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 29(13), 1191–1193 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lidholm, J.

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lidstone, E. A.

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

K. Zhou, H. Liu, and X. Hu, “Tuning the resonant wavelength of long period fiber gratings by etching the fiber's cladding,” Opt. Commun. 197(4–6), 295–299 (2001).
[Crossref]

Llamas-Saiz, A. L.

S. G. Bartual, J. M. Otero, C. Garcia-Doval, A. L. Llamas-Saiz, R. Kahn, G. C. Fox, and M. J. van Raaij, “Structure of the bacteriophage T4 long tail fiber receptor-binding tip,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(47), 20287–20292 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopez-Higuera, J. M.

I. M. Ishaq, A. Quintela, S. W. James, G. J. Ashwell, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and R. P. Tatam, “Modification of the refractive index response of long period grating using thin film overlays,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 738–741 (2005).
[Crossref]

Maeng, W.-J.

H. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, and W.-J. Maeng, “Applications of atomic layer deposition to nanofabrication and emerging nanodevices,” Thin Solid Films 517(8), 2563–2580 (2009).
[Crossref]

Magnusson, K.

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Makovec, A.

Malachovská, V.

P. Pilla, A. Sandomenico, V. Malachovská, A. Borriello, M. Giordano, A. Cutolo, M. Ruvo, and A. Cusano, “A protein-based biointerfacing route toward label-free immunoassays with long period gratings in transition mode,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 31(1), 486–491 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Pilla, V. Malachovská, A. Borriello, A. Buosciolo, M. Giordano, L. Ambrosio, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Transition mode long period grating biosensor with functional multilayer coatings,” Opt. Express 19(2), 512–526 (2011).
[PubMed]

Malhotra, B. D.

M. A. Ali, S. Srivastava, P. R. Solanki, V. V. Agrawal, R. John, and B. D. Malhotra, “Nanostructured anatase-titanium dioxide based platform for application to microfluidics cholesterol biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(8), 084105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Martinu, L.

L. Martinu and D. Poitras, “Plasma deposition of optical films and coatings: A review,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18(6), 2619–2645 (2000).
[Crossref]

Matias, I. R.

M. Hernáez, I. Del Villar, C. R. Zamarreño, F. J. Arregui, and I. R. Matias, “Optical fiber refractometers based on lossy mode resonances supported by TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3980–3985 (2010).
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D. Galbarra, F. J. Arregui, I. R. Matias, and R. O. Claus, “Ammonia optical fiber sensor based on self-assembled zirconia thin films,” Smart Mater. Struct. 14(4), 739–744 (2005).
[Crossref]

Meng, X.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Michalak, B.

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

Mikulic, P.

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Śmietana, M. Mysliwiec, P. Mikulic, B. S. Witkowski, and W. J. Bock, “Capability for fine tuning of the refractive index sensing properties of long-period gratings by atomic layer deposited Al2O3 overlays,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 13(12), 16372–16383 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Myśliwiec, J. Grochowski, K. Krogulski, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and M. Smietana, “Effect of wet etching of arc induced long-period gratings on their refractive index sensitivity,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 521–524 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and P. Mikulic, “Temperature sensitivity of silicon nitride nanocoated long-period gratings working in various surrounding media,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22(11), 115203 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, P. Mikulic, A. Ng, R. Chinnappan, and M. Zourob, “Detection of bacteria using bacteriophages as recognition elements immobilized on long-period fiber gratings,” Opt. Express 19(9), 7971–7978 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, P. Mikulic, and J. Chen, “Pressure sensing in high-refractive-index liquids using long-period gratings nanocoated with silicon nitride,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 11301–11310 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mikulla, M.

R. E. Sah, R. Driad, F. Bernhardt, L. Kirste, C.-C. Leancu, H. Czap, F. Benkhelifa, M. Mikulla, and O. Ambacher, “Mechanical and electrical properties of plasma and thermal atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films on GaAs and Si,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(4), 041502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mizrahi, V.

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, “Decay of ultraviolet-induced fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 73–80 (1994).
[Crossref]

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 29(13), 1191–1193 (1993).
[Crossref]

Monroe, D.

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, “Decay of ultraviolet-induced fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 73–80 (1994).
[Crossref]

Mysliwiec, M.

M. Myśliwiec, J. Grochowski, K. Krogulski, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and M. Smietana, “Effect of wet etching of arc induced long-period gratings on their refractive index sensitivity,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 521–524 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Śmietana, M. Mysliwiec, P. Mikulic, B. S. Witkowski, and W. J. Bock, “Capability for fine tuning of the refractive index sensing properties of long-period gratings by atomic layer deposited Al2O3 overlays,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 13(12), 16372–16383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ng, A.

Nieba, L.

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nieba-Axmann, S. E.

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Otero, J. M.

S. G. Bartual, J. M. Otero, C. Garcia-Doval, A. L. Llamas-Saiz, R. Kahn, G. C. Fox, and M. J. van Raaij, “Structure of the bacteriophage T4 long tail fiber receptor-binding tip,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(47), 20287–20292 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pawlik, K.

E. Brzozowska, M. Śmietana, M. Koba, S. Górska, K. Pawlik, A. Gamian, and W. J. Bock, “Recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide using bacteriophage-adhesin-coated long-period gratings,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 67, 93–99 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perera, A. G. U.

Persson, A.

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petagna, P.

Pilla, P.

Plückthun, A.

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poitras, D.

L. Martinu and D. Poitras, “Plasma deposition of optical films and coatings: A review,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18(6), 2619–2645 (2000).
[Crossref]

Puurunen, R. L.

R. L. Puurunen, “Surface chemistry of atomic layer deposition: A case study for the trimethylaluminium/water process,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 121301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Qi, Z.-M.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quintela, A.

I. M. Ishaq, A. Quintela, S. W. James, G. J. Ashwell, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and R. P. Tatam, “Modification of the refractive index response of long period grating using thin film overlays,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 738–741 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ramsden, J. J.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

Reed, W. A.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 29(13), 1191–1193 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rodahl, M.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ruvo, M.

P. Pilla, A. Sandomenico, V. Malachovská, A. Borriello, M. Giordano, A. Cutolo, M. Ruvo, and A. Cusano, “A protein-based biointerfacing route toward label-free immunoassays with long period gratings in transition mode,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 31(1), 486–491 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saastamoinen, T.

Sah, R. E.

R. E. Sah, R. Driad, F. Bernhardt, L. Kirste, C.-C. Leancu, H. Czap, F. Benkhelifa, M. Mikulla, and O. Ambacher, “Mechanical and electrical properties of plasma and thermal atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films on GaAs and Si,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(4), 041502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Saleem, M. R.

Salomaki, M.

E. Davies, R. Viitala, M. Salomaki, S. Areva, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sol–gel derived coating applied to long-period gratings for enhanced refractive index sensing properties,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(1), 015501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sandomenico, A.

P. Pilla, A. Sandomenico, V. Malachovská, A. Borriello, M. Giordano, A. Cutolo, M. Ruvo, and A. Cusano, “A protein-based biointerfacing route toward label-free immunoassays with long period gratings in transition mode,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 31(1), 486–491 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santos, J. L.

L. Coelho, D. Viegas, J. L. Santos, and J. M. M. M. de Almeida, “Enhanced refractive index sensing characteristics of optical fibre long period grating coated with titanium dioxide thin films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 202, 929–934 (2014).

Säynätjoki, A.

Shafiee, H.

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shu, X.

Silfsten, P.

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Smietana, M.

E. Brzozowska, M. Śmietana, M. Koba, S. Górska, K. Pawlik, A. Gamian, and W. J. Bock, “Recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide using bacteriophage-adhesin-coated long-period gratings,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 67, 93–99 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

M. Śmietana, M. Mysliwiec, P. Mikulic, B. S. Witkowski, and W. J. Bock, “Capability for fine tuning of the refractive index sensing properties of long-period gratings by atomic layer deposited Al2O3 overlays,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 13(12), 16372–16383 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Myśliwiec, J. Grochowski, K. Krogulski, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and M. Smietana, “Effect of wet etching of arc induced long-period gratings on their refractive index sensitivity,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 521–524 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and J. Szmidt, “Evolution of optical properties with deposition time of silicon nitride and diamond-like carbon films deposited by radio-frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition method,” Thin Solid Films 519, 6339–6343 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and P. Mikulic, “Temperature sensitivity of silicon nitride nanocoated long-period gratings working in various surrounding media,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22(11), 115203 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, P. Mikulic, A. Ng, R. Chinnappan, and M. Zourob, “Detection of bacteria using bacteriophages as recognition elements immobilized on long-period fiber gratings,” Opt. Express 19(9), 7971–7978 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, J. Szmidt, and J. Grabarczyk, “Substrate effect on the optical properties and thickness of diamond-like carbon films deposited by the RF PACVD method,” Diamond Related Materials 19(12), 1461–1465 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, P. Mikulic, and J. Chen, “Pressure sensing in high-refractive-index liquids using long-period gratings nanocoated with silicon nitride,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 11301–11310 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Smietana, J. Szmidt, M. L. Korwin-Pawlowski, W. J. Bock, and J. Grabarczyk, “Application of diamond-like carbon films in optical fibre sensors based on long-period gratings,” Diamond Related Materials 16(4–7), 1374–1377 (2007).
[Crossref]

Solanki, P. R.

M. A. Ali, S. Srivastava, P. R. Solanki, V. V. Agrawal, R. John, and B. D. Malhotra, “Nanostructured anatase-titanium dioxide based platform for application to microfluidics cholesterol biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(8), 084105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Song, J.-F.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spencer, N. D.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, S.

M. A. Ali, S. Srivastava, P. R. Solanki, V. V. Agrawal, R. John, and B. D. Malhotra, “Nanostructured anatase-titanium dioxide based platform for application to microfluidics cholesterol biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(8), 084105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stenberg, P.

Sun, H.-B.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.-L.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sung, J.-Y.

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, P.-C. Wu, W.-T. Whang, and F.-G. Tseng, “Measurement of organic chemical refractive indexes using an optical time-domain reflectometer,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 12(12), 481–488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Szmidt, J.

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and J. Szmidt, “Evolution of optical properties with deposition time of silicon nitride and diamond-like carbon films deposited by radio-frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition method,” Thin Solid Films 519, 6339–6343 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, J. Szmidt, and J. Grabarczyk, “Substrate effect on the optical properties and thickness of diamond-like carbon films deposited by the RF PACVD method,” Diamond Related Materials 19(12), 1461–1465 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, J. Szmidt, M. L. Korwin-Pawlowski, W. J. Bock, and J. Grabarczyk, “Application of diamond-like carbon films in optical fibre sensors based on long-period gratings,” Diamond Related Materials 16(4–7), 1374–1377 (2007).
[Crossref]

Szymanska, M.

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

Tatam, R. P.

I. M. Ishaq, A. Quintela, S. W. James, G. J. Ashwell, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and R. P. Tatam, “Modification of the refractive index response of long period grating using thin film overlays,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 738–741 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tengvall, P.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tervonen, A.

Textor, M.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

Trono, C.

Tseng, F.-G.

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, P.-C. Wu, W.-T. Whang, and F.-G. Tseng, “Measurement of organic chemical refractive indexes using an optical time-domain reflectometer,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 12(12), 481–488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Turunen, J.

van Raaij, M. J.

S. G. Bartual, J. M. Otero, C. Garcia-Doval, A. L. Llamas-Saiz, R. Kahn, G. C. Fox, and M. J. van Raaij, “Structure of the bacteriophage T4 long tail fiber receptor-binding tip,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(47), 20287–20292 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

Viegas, D.

L. Coelho, D. Viegas, J. L. Santos, and J. M. M. M. de Almeida, “Enhanced refractive index sensing characteristics of optical fibre long period grating coated with titanium dioxide thin films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 202, 929–934 (2014).

Viitala, R.

E. Davies, R. Viitala, M. Salomaki, S. Areva, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sol–gel derived coating applied to long-period gratings for enhanced refractive index sensing properties,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(1), 015501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Voros, J.

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wachnicki, L.

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

Whang, W.-T.

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, P.-C. Wu, W.-T. Whang, and F.-G. Tseng, “Measurement of organic chemical refractive indexes using an optical time-domain reflectometer,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 12(12), 481–488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Witkowski, B. S.

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Śmietana, M. Mysliwiec, P. Mikulic, B. S. Witkowski, and W. J. Bock, “Capability for fine tuning of the refractive index sensing properties of long-period gratings by atomic layer deposited Al2O3 overlays,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 13(12), 16372–16383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, P.-C.

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, P.-C. Wu, W.-T. Whang, and F.-G. Tseng, “Measurement of organic chemical refractive indexes using an optical time-domain reflectometer,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 12(12), 481–488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Z. Gu and Y. Xu, “Design optimization of a long-period fiber grating with sol–gel coating for a gas sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18(11), 3530–3536 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, R.-Z.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeh, C.-H.

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, P.-C. Wu, W.-T. Whang, and F.-G. Tseng, “Measurement of organic chemical refractive indexes using an optical time-domain reflectometer,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 12(12), 481–488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.-S.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zamarreño, C. R.

Zhang, L.

E. Davies, R. Viitala, M. Salomaki, S. Areva, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sol–gel derived coating applied to long-period gratings for enhanced refractive index sensing properties,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(1), 015501 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sensitivity characteristics of long period fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(2), 255–266 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.-Y.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-L.

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, K.

K. Zhou, H. Liu, and X. Hu, “Tuning the resonant wavelength of long period fiber gratings by etching the fiber's cladding,” Opt. Commun. 197(4–6), 295–299 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H.

Zourob, M.

Acta Phys. Pol. A (1)

M. Myśliwiec, J. Grochowski, K. Krogulski, P. Mikulic, W. J. Bock, and M. Smietana, “Effect of wet etching of arc induced long-period gratings on their refractive index sensitivity,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 521–524 (2013).
[Crossref]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

L. Nieba, S. E. Nieba-Axmann, A. Persson, M. Hämäläinen, F. Edebratt, A. Hansson, J. Lidholm, K. Magnusson, A. F. Karlsson, and A. Plückthun, “BIACORE analysis of histidine-tagged proteins using a chelating NTA sensor chip,” Anal. Biochem. 252(2), 217–228 (1997).
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Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. A. Ali, S. Srivastava, P. R. Solanki, V. V. Agrawal, R. John, and B. D. Malhotra, “Nanostructured anatase-titanium dioxide based platform for application to microfluidics cholesterol biosensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(8), 084105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (2)

E. Brzozowska, M. Śmietana, M. Koba, S. Górska, K. Pawlik, A. Gamian, and W. J. Bock, “Recognition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide using bacteriophage-adhesin-coated long-period gratings,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 67, 93–99 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Pilla, A. Sandomenico, V. Malachovská, A. Borriello, M. Giordano, A. Cutolo, M. Ruvo, and A. Cusano, “A protein-based biointerfacing route toward label-free immunoassays with long period gratings in transition mode,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 31(1), 486–491 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coll. Surf. B (1)

F. Höök, J. Voros, M. Rodahl, R. Kurrat, P. Boni, J. J. Ramsden, M. Textor, N. D. Spencer, P. Tengvall, J. Gold, and B. Kasemo, “A comparative study of protein adsorption on titanium oxide surfaces using in situ ellipsometry, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, and quartz crystal microbalance/dissipation,” Coll. Surf. B 24(2), 155–170 (2002).
[Crossref]

Diamond Related Materials (2)

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, J. Szmidt, and J. Grabarczyk, “Substrate effect on the optical properties and thickness of diamond-like carbon films deposited by the RF PACVD method,” Diamond Related Materials 19(12), 1461–1465 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, J. Szmidt, M. L. Korwin-Pawlowski, W. J. Bock, and J. Grabarczyk, “Application of diamond-like carbon films in optical fibre sensors based on long-period gratings,” Diamond Related Materials 16(4–7), 1374–1377 (2007).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loading as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 29(13), 1191–1193 (1993).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. (1)

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Szymańska, Ł. Wachnicki, S. Gierałtowska, M. Godlewski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings,” Int. J. Smart Sens. Int. Syst. 7, 573–577 (2014).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. Erdogan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, and D. Monroe, “Decay of ultraviolet-induced fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 73–80 (1994).
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R. L. Puurunen, “Surface chemistry of atomic layer deposition: A case study for the trimethylaluminium/water process,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 121301 (2005).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 58–65 (1996).
[Crossref]

X. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sensitivity characteristics of long period fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(2), 255–266 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

E. Davies, R. Viitala, M. Salomaki, S. Areva, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sol–gel derived coating applied to long-period gratings for enhanced refractive index sensing properties,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(1), 015501 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (2)

L. Martinu and D. Poitras, “Plasma deposition of optical films and coatings: A review,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18(6), 2619–2645 (2000).
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R. E. Sah, R. Driad, F. Bernhardt, L. Kirste, C.-C. Leancu, H. Czap, F. Benkhelifa, M. Mikulla, and O. Ambacher, “Mechanical and electrical properties of plasma and thermal atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films on GaAs and Si,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(4), 041502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Langmuir (1)

R.-Z. Yang, W.-F. Dong, X. Meng, X.-L. Zhang, Y.-L. Sun, Y.-W. Hao, J.-C. Guo, W.-Y. Zhang, Y.-S. Yu, J.-F. Song, Z.-M. Qi, and H.-B. Sun, “Nanoporous TiO2/Polyion Thin-Film-Coated Long-Period Grating Sensors for the Direct Measurement of Low-Molecular-Weight Analytes,” Langmuir 28(23), 8814–8821 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

Z. Gu and Y. Xu, “Design optimization of a long-period fiber grating with sol–gel coating for a gas sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 18(11), 3530–3536 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and P. Mikulic, “Temperature sensitivity of silicon nitride nanocoated long-period gratings working in various surrounding media,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22(11), 115203 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (1)

N. Ghrairi and M. Bouaicha, “Structural, morphological and optical properties of TiO2 thin films synthesized by the electrophoretic deposition technique,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7(1), 357 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Zhou, H. Liu, and X. Hu, “Tuning the resonant wavelength of long period fiber gratings by etching the fiber's cladding,” Opt. Commun. 197(4–6), 295–299 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Status Solidi-A (1)

K. Krogulski, M. Śmietana, B. Michalak, A. K. Dębowska, M. Dudek, B. S. Witkowski, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Properties of diamond-like carbon nano-coating deposited with RF PECVD method on UV-induced long-period fibre gratings,” Phys. Status Solidi-A 211(10), 2307–2312 (2014).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

S. G. Bartual, J. M. Otero, C. Garcia-Doval, A. L. Llamas-Saiz, R. Kahn, G. C. Fox, and M. J. van Raaij, “Structure of the bacteriophage T4 long tail fiber receptor-binding tip,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(47), 20287–20292 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, D. R. Kuritzkes, B. T. Cunningham, and U. Demirci, “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (1)

I. M. Ishaq, A. Quintela, S. W. James, G. J. Ashwell, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and R. P. Tatam, “Modification of the refractive index response of long period grating using thin film overlays,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(2), 738–741 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. (2)

H. Chen, Z. Guc, and K. Gao, “Humidity sensor based on cascaded chirped long-period fiber gratings coated with TiO2/SnO2 composite films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 196, 18–22 (2014).

L. Coelho, D. Viegas, J. L. Santos, and J. M. M. M. de Almeida, “Enhanced refractive index sensing characteristics of optical fibre long period grating coated with titanium dioxide thin films,” Sensor. Actuat, B.-Chem. 202, 929–934 (2014).

Sensors (Basel Switzerland) (2)

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, P.-C. Wu, W.-T. Whang, and F.-G. Tseng, “Measurement of organic chemical refractive indexes using an optical time-domain reflectometer,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 12(12), 481–488 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Śmietana, M. Mysliwiec, P. Mikulic, B. S. Witkowski, and W. J. Bock, “Capability for fine tuning of the refractive index sensing properties of long-period gratings by atomic layer deposited Al2O3 overlays,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 13(12), 16372–16383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sensors (Basel) (1)

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, P. Mikulic, and J. Chen, “Pressure sensing in high-refractive-index liquids using long-period gratings nanocoated with silicon nitride,” Sensors (Basel) 10(12), 11301–11310 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smart Mater. Struct. (1)

D. Galbarra, F. J. Arregui, I. R. Matias, and R. O. Claus, “Ammonia optical fiber sensor based on self-assembled zirconia thin films,” Smart Mater. Struct. 14(4), 739–744 (2005).
[Crossref]

Surf. Sci. Rep. (1)

U. Diebold, “The surface science of titanium dioxide,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 48(5–8), 53–229 (2003).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (2)

H. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, and W.-J. Maeng, “Applications of atomic layer deposition to nanofabrication and emerging nanodevices,” Thin Solid Films 517(8), 2563–2580 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and J. Szmidt, “Evolution of optical properties with deposition time of silicon nitride and diamond-like carbon films deposited by radio-frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition method,” Thin Solid Films 519, 6339–6343 (2011).
[Crossref]

Trends Biochem. Sci. (1)

P. Hengen, “Purification of His-Tag fusion proteins from Escherichia coli,” Trends Biochem. Sci. 20(7), 285–286 (1995).
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Other (1)

M. Koba, M. Smietana, E. Brzozowska, S. Gorska, P. Mikulic, and W. J. Bock, “Reusable Bacteriophage Adhesin-coated Long-period Grating Sensor for Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide Recognition,” J. Lightwave Technol., http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6930716 .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Influence of TiO2 film thickness on its optical properties, where (a) shows dispersion curves of n and k, and (b) relation between n at λ = 1550 nm and the thickness.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmission spectrum of the LPG sample with and without TiO2 overlays of different thickness (a) 47.3 nm, 50.5 nm, and (b) 70.0 nm when surrounded by air (nD = 1 RIU), water (nD = 1.333 RIU) and a high-RI liquid (nD = 1.374 RIU). The arrows indicate wavelength shift induced by immersing the LPG in water (dashed) and between water and high-RI liquid (double-lined). Different spectral range shown in (b) comes from application of different optical analyzers for the sample before and after deposition.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Evolution of tramsmission spectrum with external RI for LPG with (a) no overlay, and with (b) 50.5 and (c) 70 nm thick TiO2 overlays.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Resonance wavelength shift with next for LPG with the deposited TiO2 of different thickness. Liner fits applied to these plots in selected next ranges show the RI sensitivity. The estimated errors for refractive index and resonance wavelength values are 2·10−5 RIU and 0.1 nm, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Functionalized Si reference sample coated with (a) TiO2 and (b) SiO2. Part in both the samples was immersed in GFP and then intensively washed.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Results of the adhesin-LPS binding test where (a) shows selected spectra measured before, during and after the LPS application. In figure (b) and (c) is shown wavelength shift at LPS incubation and washing steps of the experiment for left and right resonance, respectively.

Equations (1)

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λ m =( n eff co n eff cl,m ) Λ

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