Abstract

We report on a1.3 μm Q-switched laser operation based on LD-end-pumped Nd:LiYF4 (YLF) crystal firstly using few-layer topological insulator (TI) Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber (SA). The TI Bi2Se3 SA is fabricated by transferring the liquid-phase-exfoliated Bi2Se3nanosheets onto a BK7 glass substrate. After a free-running laser operation, the TI Bi2Se3 SA is inserted into the concave-plano laser cavity and finally a stable Q-switched laser operation is achieved with a maximum average output power of close to 0.2 W corresponding to a pulse repetition rate of 161.3 kHz, a shortest pulse width of 433 ns and a pulse energy of about 1.23 μJ. The results experimentally extend the promising application of the 2D material, few-layer TI Bi2Se3, in solid state lasers (SSLs).

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (1)

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

2014 (4)

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2010 (2)

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

1982 (1)

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

Baier, B.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balembois, F.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Balmer, J. E.

Barnasson, E.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baudrier, M.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Beach, R.

Boquillon, J. P.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

Boutard, D.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

Cai, Z. P.

Chen, H.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Chen, S. Q.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, H. H.

Chicklis, E. P.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Cho, W. B.

Clarkson, W. A.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

Dou, Z. Y.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, D. Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fluck, R.

Forget, S.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Frei, B.

Gini, E.

Grasso, R. J.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Grodecki, K.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guerra, J. M.

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guillet, H.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

Hanna, D. C.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hao, X. P.

Hardman, P. J.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

He, J. L.

Hernando, P. M.

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, M. T.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, G.

Huang, H. H.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. Z.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jenssen, H. P.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jia, F. Q.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Keller, U.

Kern, M. A.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Knize, R. J.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koch, R.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

Li, L. J.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, X. L.

Lin, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Liu, J. H.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, P.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Liu, S. D.

Lu, S. B.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Z. Q.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mateos, X.

Moser, M.

Musset, O.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

Paries, R.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

Pereszlenyi, A.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petrov, V.

Pollak, T. M.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pujol, M. C.

Richard, M.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rivier, S.

Rolle, A.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rotermund, F.

Roy, S.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

Ryan, J. R.

Schmidt, A.

Schwach, C.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. R.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Spuhler, G. J.

Steinmeyer, G.

Su, C. Y.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sun, L. P.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Tan, W. D.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, P. H.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tian, J. R.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, B. L.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. C.

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. T.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weigand, R.

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weng, J.

Wing, W. F.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Wu, D. D.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Wu, J. Y.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Wu, Y. Z.

Xie, G. Q.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, H. Y.

Xu, J. L.

Yang, Y.

Ye, C. C.

Yim, J. H.

Yu, H. H.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B. T.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Q.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, M.

Zou, Y. H.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quan. Elec. (1)

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. (2)

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

IEEE Photonics Journal (2)

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightw. Tech. (1)

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (1)

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H.Kataura, Y. Achiba, K. Kikuchi, “Mode -locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA/OFC, PD44 (2003)

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) XRD and (b) Raman spectra of the bulk Bi2Se3 and few-layer Bi2Se3 samples; (c) AFM image and (d) height profile of an as-prepared few-layer Bi2Se3 sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic experimental setup of the LD-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1313 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Output power characteristics of CW and QS laser operation; (b) laser spectrum of the LD-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1313.04 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Single pulse profile of the Q-switched Nd:YLF laser. The inset shows the pulse trains.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Evolutions of the pulse repetition rate and the pulse width with the absorbed pump power; (b) evolutions of the pulse peak power and the pulse energy with the absorbed pump power.

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