Abstract

We propose a novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals. Sub-channel extraction is achieved by means of waveform replication and coherent subtraction from the OFDM super-channel. Numerical simulations have been carried out to benchmark the performance of the architecture against critical design parameters.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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  17. A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, X. Shan, and D. G. Moodie, “Three-node, 40Gbit/s OTDM network experiment using electro-optic switches,” Elecron. Lett. 30(15), 1333–1334 (1994).
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  20. A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. J. Seeds, “High-performance locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol. 17(2), 328–342 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Naka, T. Matsuda, and S. Saito, “Receiver performance analysis and basic design for optical time-division multiplexed transmission systems,” Electronics and Communications in Japan,  83(4), 93–104 (2000).
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  22. S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, F. G. Gunning, P. Frascella, F. H. Peters, and A. D. Ellis, “Towards a practical implementation of coherent WDM: Analytical, Numerical and Experimental Studies,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(5), 833–847 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  23. D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Hybrid guided-wave/free-space optics photonic spectral processor based on LcoS phase only modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(7), 510–512 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  24. D. Sinefeld, S. Ben-Ezra, and D. Marom, “Nyquist-WDM filter shaping with a high-resolution colorless photonic spectral processor,” Opt. Letters 38(17), 3268–3271 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  26. J.-C Antona, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, S. Petitrenaud, and S. Bigo, “Revisiting binary sequence length requirements for the accurate estimation of highly dispersive transmission systems,” in Proc. ECOC 2008 (Brussels, Belgium, 2008), paper We.1.E.3.
  27. M. C. Jeruchim, “Techniques for estimating the bit error rate in the simulation of digital communication systems,” IEEE J. Selec. Areas Commun. 2(1), 153–170 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  28. R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor.” in Proc. ECOC 2014 (Cannes, France), paper PD.4.1.

2014 (2)

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. J. Power, W. Jia, R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, and F. C. Garcia Gunning, “Four-wave mixing for clock recovery of phase modulated optical OFDM super-channel,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7007–7013 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

P. Winzer, “An opto-electronic interferometer and its use in sub-carrier add/drop multiplexing,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 31(11), 1775–1782 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld, S. Ben-Ezra, and D. Marom, “Nyquist-WDM filter shaping with a high-resolution colorless photonic spectral processor,” Opt. Letters 38(17), 3268–3271 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

2010 (4)

D. Hillerkuss, M. Winter, M. Teschke, A. Marculescu, J. Li, G. Sigurdsson, K. Worms, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Simple all-optical FFT scheme enabling Tbit/s real time signal processing,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9324–9340 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Lowery, “Design of arrayed-waveguide grating routers for use as an optical OFDM demultiplexers,” Opt. Express 18(13), 14129–14143 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, F. G. Gunning, P. Frascella, F. H. Peters, and A. D. Ellis, “Towards a practical implementation of coherent WDM: Analytical, Numerical and Experimental Studies,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(5), 833–847 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Hybrid guided-wave/free-space optics photonic spectral processor based on LcoS phase only modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(7), 510–512 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2005 (2)

A. D. Ellis and F. C. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(2), 504–506 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. Kodama, T. Ito, N. Watanabase, S. Kondo, H. Takeuchi, H. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “2.3 picoseconds optical gate monolithically integrating photodiode and electro-absorption modulator,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1185–1186 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

K. E. Stubkjaer, “Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high speed optical processing,” IEEE J. Select. Topics in Quantum Electr. 6(6), 1428–1435 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Naka, T. Matsuda, and S. Saito, “Receiver performance analysis and basic design for optical time-division multiplexed transmission systems,” Electronics and Communications in Japan,  83(4), 93–104 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. J. Seeds, “High-performance locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol. 17(2), 328–342 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, X. Shan, and D. G. Moodie, “Three-node, 40Gbit/s OTDM network experiment using electro-optic switches,” Elecron. Lett. 30(15), 1333–1334 (1994).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

M. C. Jeruchim, “Techniques for estimating the bit error rate in the simulation of digital communication systems,” IEEE J. Selec. Areas Commun. 2(1), 153–170 (1984).
[Crossref]

Abakoumov, D.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuM3.

Aksyuk, V. A.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Antona, J.-C

J.-C Antona, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, S. Petitrenaud, and S. Bigo, “Revisiting binary sequence length requirements for the accurate estimation of highly dispersive transmission systems,” in Proc. ECOC 2008 (Brussels, Belgium, 2008), paper We.1.E.3.

Baeuerle, B.

Basavanhally, N. R.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Baxter, G.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuM3.

Becker, J.

Ben Ezra, S.

Ben-Ezra, S.

D. Sinefeld, S. Ben-Ezra, and D. Marom, “Nyquist-WDM filter shaping with a high-resolution colorless photonic spectral processor,” Opt. Letters 38(17), 3268–3271 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, M. Meyer, D. Hillerkuss, S. Wolf, B. Baeuerle, A. Ludwig, B. Nebendahl, S. Ben-Ezra, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-time Nyquist pulse generation beyond 100 Gbit/s and its relation to OFDM,” Opt. Express 20(1), 317–337 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor.” in Proc. ECOC 2014 (Cannes, France), paper PD.4.1.

Betoule, C.

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bigo, S.

J.-C Antona, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, S. Petitrenaud, and S. Bigo, “Revisiting binary sequence length requirements for the accurate estimation of highly dispersive transmission systems,” in Proc. ECOC 2008 (Brussels, Belgium, 2008), paper We.1.E.3.

Bolle, C. A.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bononi, A.

J.-C Antona, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, S. Petitrenaud, and S. Bigo, “Revisiting binary sequence length requirements for the accurate estimation of highly dispersive transmission systems,” in Proc. ECOC 2008 (Brussels, Belgium, 2008), paper We.1.E.3.

Bordonalli, A. C.

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. J. Seeds, “High-performance locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol. 17(2), 328–342 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bosco, G.

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “On the performance of Nyquist-WDM terabit superchannels based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Sub-carriers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[Crossref]

Carena, A.

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “On the performance of Nyquist-WDM terabit superchannels based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Sub-carriers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[Crossref]

Clarke, I.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuM3.

Clavier, R.

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

Curri, V.

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “On the performance of Nyquist-WDM terabit superchannels based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Sub-carriers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dreschmann, M.

Dumas-Feris, B.

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, and A. D. Ellis, “Novel real-time homodyne coherent receiver using a feed-forward based carrier extraction scheme for phase modulated signals,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8320–8326 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, F. G. Gunning, P. Frascella, F. H. Peters, and A. D. Ellis, “Towards a practical implementation of coherent WDM: Analytical, Numerical and Experimental Studies,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(5), 833–847 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. D. Ellis and F. C. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(2), 504–506 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, X. Shan, and D. G. Moodie, “Three-node, 40Gbit/s OTDM network experiment using electro-optic switches,” Elecron. Lett. 30(15), 1333–1334 (1994).
[Crossref]

Elschner, R.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tanimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.6.

Forghieri, F.

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “On the performance of Nyquist-WDM terabit superchannels based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Sub-carriers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[Crossref]

Frascella, P.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, F. G. Gunning, P. Frascella, F. H. Peters, and A. D. Ellis, “Towards a practical implementation of coherent WDM: Analytical, Numerical and Experimental Studies,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(5), 833–847 (2010).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

Frisken, S.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuM3.

Froc, G.

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

Garcia Gunning, F. C.

Golani, O.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor.” in Proc. ECOC 2014 (Cannes, France), paper PD.4.1.

Gravey, P.

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grellier, E.

J.-C Antona, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, S. Petitrenaud, and S. Bigo, “Revisiting binary sequence length requirements for the accurate estimation of highly dispersive transmission systems,” in Proc. ECOC 2008 (Brussels, Belgium, 2008), paper We.1.E.3.

Greywall, D. S.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grot, D.

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guilossou, T.

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gunning, F. C.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(2), 504–506 (2005).
[Crossref]

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A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
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D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
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Kudo, R.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
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E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
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E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
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Li, J.

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D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
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D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
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Ludwig, A.

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Marom, D.

D. Sinefeld, S. Ben-Ezra, and D. Marom, “Nyquist-WDM filter shaping with a high-resolution colorless photonic spectral processor,” Opt. Letters 38(17), 3268–3271 (2013).
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R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor.” in Proc. ECOC 2014 (Cannes, France), paper PD.4.1.

Marom, D. M.

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Hybrid guided-wave/free-space optics photonic spectral processor based on LcoS phase only modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(7), 510–512 (2010).
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D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
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Meyer, M.

Miyamoto, Y.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
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E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
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Neilson, D. T.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
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D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
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D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
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E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
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R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor.” in Proc. ECOC 2014 (Cannes, France), paper PD.4.1.

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A. Naka, T. Matsuda, and S. Saito, “Receiver performance analysis and basic design for optical time-division multiplexed transmission systems,” Electronics and Communications in Japan,  83(4), 93–104 (2000).
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A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
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T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tanimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.6.

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Schubert, C.

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I. Tomkos, M. Vasilyev, J. Rhee, M. Mehendale, B. Hallock, B. Szalabofka, M. Williams, S. Tsuda, and M. Sharma, “80×10.7 Gb/s Ultra-Long-Haul(+4200 km) DWDM network with reconfigurable ”Broadcast & Select” OADMs,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, A. Sawchuk, ed., Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FC1.

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D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1xK switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23(4), 1620–1630 (2005).
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D. Sinefeld, S. Ben-Ezra, and D. Marom, “Nyquist-WDM filter shaping with a high-resolution colorless photonic spectral processor,” Opt. Letters 38(17), 3268–3271 (2013).
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D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Hybrid guided-wave/free-space optics photonic spectral processor based on LcoS phase only modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(7), 510–512 (2010).
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R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor.” in Proc. ECOC 2014 (Cannes, France), paper PD.4.1.

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Song, M.

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A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
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S. Kodama, T. Ito, N. Watanabase, S. Kondo, H. Takeuchi, H. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “2.3 picoseconds optical gate monolithically integrating photodiode and electro-absorption modulator,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1185–1186 (2001).
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T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tanimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.6.

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R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor.” in Proc. ECOC 2014 (Cannes, France), paper PD.4.1.

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I. Tomkos, M. Vasilyev, J. Rhee, M. Mehendale, B. Hallock, B. Szalabofka, M. Williams, S. Tsuda, and M. Sharma, “80×10.7 Gb/s Ultra-Long-Haul(+4200 km) DWDM network with reconfigurable ”Broadcast & Select” OADMs,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, A. Sawchuk, ed., Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FC1.

Van der Keur, M.

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vasilyev, M.

I. Tomkos, M. Vasilyev, J. Rhee, M. Mehendale, B. Hallock, B. Szalabofka, M. Williams, S. Tsuda, and M. Sharma, “80×10.7 Gb/s Ultra-Long-Haul(+4200 km) DWDM network with reconfigurable ”Broadcast & Select” OADMs,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, A. Sawchuk, ed., Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FC1.

Walton, C.

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. J. Seeds, “High-performance locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol. 17(2), 328–342 (1999).
[Crossref]

Watanabase, N.

S. Kodama, T. Ito, N. Watanabase, S. Kondo, H. Takeuchi, H. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “2.3 picoseconds optical gate monolithically integrating photodiode and electro-absorption modulator,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1185–1186 (2001).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tanimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.6.

Webb, R. P.

Weerasuriya, R.

Widdowson, T.

A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, X. Shan, and D. G. Moodie, “Three-node, 40Gbit/s OTDM network experiment using electro-optic switches,” Elecron. Lett. 30(15), 1333–1334 (1994).
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I. Tomkos, M. Vasilyev, J. Rhee, M. Mehendale, B. Hallock, B. Szalabofka, M. Williams, S. Tsuda, and M. Sharma, “80×10.7 Gb/s Ultra-Long-Haul(+4200 km) DWDM network with reconfigurable ”Broadcast & Select” OADMs,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, A. Sawchuk, ed., Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FC1.

Winter, M.

Winzer, P.

P. Winzer, “An opto-electronic interferometer and its use in sub-carrier add/drop multiplexing,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 31(11), 1775–1782 (2013).
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Worms, K.

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A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
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Yamazaki, E.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
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Yoshida, E.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
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Zhao, J.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, F. G. Gunning, P. Frascella, F. H. Peters, and A. D. Ellis, “Towards a practical implementation of coherent WDM: Analytical, Numerical and Experimental Studies,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(5), 833–847 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuM3.

Zia-Chahabi, O.

E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

Elecron. Lett. (1)

A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, X. Shan, and D. G. Moodie, “Three-node, 40Gbit/s OTDM network experiment using electro-optic switches,” Elecron. Lett. 30(15), 1333–1334 (1994).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Kodama, T. Ito, N. Watanabase, S. Kondo, H. Takeuchi, H. Ito, and T. Ishibashi, “2.3 picoseconds optical gate monolithically integrating photodiode and electro-absorption modulator,” Electron. Lett. 37(19), 1185–1186 (2001).
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A. Naka, T. Matsuda, and S. Saito, “Receiver performance analysis and basic design for optical time-division multiplexed transmission systems,” Electronics and Communications in Japan,  83(4), 93–104 (2000).
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A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100 Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(16), 3705–3713 (2009).
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G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “On the performance of Nyquist-WDM terabit superchannels based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Sub-carriers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
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E. Pincemin, M. Song, J. Karaki, O. Zia-Chahabi, T. Guilossou, D. Grot, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, R. Clavier, A. Poudoulec, M. Van der Keur, Y. Jaouen, R. Le Bidan, T. Le Gall, P. Gravey, M. Morvan, B. Dumas-Feris, M. L. Moulinard, and G. Froc, “Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 32(12), 2202–2219 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Winzer, “An opto-electronic interferometer and its use in sub-carrier add/drop multiplexing,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 31(11), 1775–1782 (2013).
[Crossref]

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K. E. Stubkjaer, “Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high speed optical processing,” IEEE J. Select. Topics in Quantum Electr. 6(6), 1428–1435 (2000).
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A. D. Ellis and F. C. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(2), 504–506 (2005).
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D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Hybrid guided-wave/free-space optics photonic spectral processor based on LcoS phase only modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(7), 510–512 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Journal (1)

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, F. G. Gunning, P. Frascella, F. H. Peters, and A. D. Ellis, “Towards a practical implementation of coherent WDM: Analytical, Numerical and Experimental Studies,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(5), 833–847 (2010).
[Crossref]

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A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. J. Seeds, “High-performance locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol. 17(2), 328–342 (1999).
[Crossref]

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R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, M. Meyer, D. Hillerkuss, S. Wolf, B. Baeuerle, A. Ludwig, B. Nebendahl, S. Ben-Ezra, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-time Nyquist pulse generation beyond 100 Gbit/s and its relation to OFDM,” Opt. Express 20(1), 317–337 (2012).
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R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor.” in Proc. ECOC 2014 (Cannes, France), paper PD.4.1.

J.-C Antona, E. Grellier, A. Bononi, S. Petitrenaud, and S. Bigo, “Revisiting binary sequence length requirements for the accurate estimation of highly dispersive transmission systems,” in Proc. ECOC 2008 (Brussels, Belgium, 2008), paper We.1.E.3.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuM3.

I. Tomkos, M. Vasilyev, J. Rhee, M. Mehendale, B. Hallock, B. Szalabofka, M. Williams, S. Tsuda, and M. Sharma, “80×10.7 Gb/s Ultra-Long-Haul(+4200 km) DWDM network with reconfigurable ”Broadcast & Select” OADMs,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, A. Sawchuk, ed., Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FC1.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tanimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.6.

M. G. Taylor, “Coherent optical channel substitution,” Patent No.8,050,564, November1(2011).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Diagram of proposed optical add-drop multiplexer for OFDM signals; (b) Optical spectrum of input OFDM super-channel (black), and of middle sub-channel after FFT de-multiplexing (red); (c) corresponding eye diagram of de-multiplexed signal; (d) eye-diagram of the sampled signal; (e) eye-diagram after the shaping of the i-FFT filter; (f) optical spectrum of the OFDM super-channel at the output of the node when the middle channel (ch 4) has been removed (black) and a new one (ch 4′) has taken its place (red); (g) eye-diagram of ch 5 at the output of the node; (h) eye-diagram of ch 4′ at the output of the node; (i) eye-diagram of ch 3 at the output of the node.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simplified diagram of proposed interferometric scheme depicting the loss and gain factors of the various components for performing the power budgeting and the calculation of the signal to noise ratio performance
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) OSNR at the output of the node as a function of the power splitting rations α1,α2 of the input-output couplers of the interferometer (Pg = 10dBm,d = 0.12); (b) OSNR at the output of the node as a function of the duty cycle d and the launched power Pg at the input of the gate (α1,α2=0.5)
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Sensitivity penalty for the added sub-channel (ch 4′) and its two neighbors (ch 3, ch 5) as a function of (a) the switching window assuming ideal contrast ratio and (b) the contrast ratio of the optical gate assuming switching window of 12 ps.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Transfer function of sinc-shaped FFT filters implemented by optical spectral processors of different resolution parameters; (b) Sensitivity penalty of added channel (ch 4′) and its two neighbors (ch 3, ch 5) as a function of the resolution of the photonic spectral processors that implement the FFT/i-FFT filtering in the node and at the receiving end.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Penalty for (a) ch 4′, (b) ch 3 and (c) ch 5, as a function of the switching window for different power levels Pg entering the optical gate.

Equations (2)

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G 1 = 1 L m 2 α 1 α 2 , G 2 = P g P c h α 1 α 2 ( 1 α 1 ) L c , G 3 = P g P c h 1 L m 2 L r L g L c ( 1 α 2 )
O S N R = P c h N F h v B 0 [ 2 G 1 / ( G 1 1 ) + P c h P g ( G 2 1 ) L m + ( G 3 1 ) ( 1 α 2 ) L c L m ] ]

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