Abstract

Coherent backlight is an essential component for holographic displays. In this paper, a compact design of edge-lit coherent backlight featuring two holographic optical elements for two-dimensional beam expansion is presented. Its diffraction efficiency is numerically studied using the coupled-wave theory. In experiments, the diffraction efficiency is measured as 4.3% and the feasibility of this design is verified by reconstructing 3D images with a spatial light modulator.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (3)

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. Jiang, H. Li, W. Hu, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

Y. Liu and X. Sun, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals: materials, formation, and applications,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2008, 1–52 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Putilin and I. Gustomiasov, “Application of holographic elements in displays and planar illuminators,” Proc. SPIE 6637, 66370N (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. Qi, L. Li, M. De Sarkar, and G. P. Crawford, “Nonlocal photopolymerization effect in the formation of reflective holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2443–2450 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, and N. Kukhtarev, “Multiplexed edge-lit holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(7), 1871–1872 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1998 (1)

H. Ueda, E. Shimizu, and T. Kubota, “Image blur of edge-illuminated holograms,” Opt. Eng. 37(1), 241–246 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1969 (2)

L. Lesem, P. Hirsch, and J. Jordan, “The kinoform: a new wavefront reconstruction device,” IBM J. Res. Develop. 13(2), 150–155 (1969).
[Crossref]

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48(9), 2909–2947 (1969).
[Crossref]

Amitai, Y.

Bablumian, A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanche, P. A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cantalupo, J.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. P.

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. Jiang, H. Li, W. Hu, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Christenson, C.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crawford, G. P.

J. Qi, L. Li, M. De Sarkar, and G. P. Crawford, “Nonlocal photopolymerization effect in the formation of reflective holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2443–2450 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dai, F.

De Sarkar, M.

J. Qi, L. Li, M. De Sarkar, and G. P. Crawford, “Nonlocal photopolymerization effect in the formation of reflective holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2443–2450 (2004).
[Crossref]

Finke, G.

Flores, D.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friesem, A. A.

Gao, H.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

Garbat, P.

Gu, C.

Gu, T.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gustomiasov, I.

A. Putilin and I. Gustomiasov, “Application of holographic elements in displays and planar illuminators,” Proc. SPIE 6637, 66370N (2007).
[Crossref]

He, G.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. Jiang, H. Li, W. Hu, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

He, Z.

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hirsch, P.

L. Lesem, P. Hirsch, and J. Jordan, “The kinoform: a new wavefront reconstruction device,” IBM J. Res. Develop. 13(2), 150–155 (1969).
[Crossref]

Hong, J.

Hsieh, W. Y.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, W.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. Jiang, H. Li, W. Hu, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

Jordan, J.

L. Lesem, P. Hirsch, and J. Jordan, “The kinoform: a new wavefront reconstruction device,” IBM J. Res. Develop. 13(2), 150–155 (1969).
[Crossref]

Kathaperumal, M.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48(9), 2909–2947 (1969).
[Crossref]

Kozacki, T.

Kubota, T.

H. Ueda, E. Shimizu, and T. Kubota, “Image blur of edge-illuminated holograms,” Opt. Eng. 37(1), 241–246 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kujawinska, M.

Kukhtarev, N.

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, and N. Kukhtarev, “Multiplexed edge-lit holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(7), 1871–1872 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lakes, R. S.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lesem, L.

L. Lesem, P. Hirsch, and J. Jordan, “The kinoform: a new wavefront reconstruction device,” IBM J. Res. Develop. 13(2), 150–155 (1969).
[Crossref]

Li, A.

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. Jiang, H. Li, W. Hu, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

J. Qi, L. Li, M. De Sarkar, and G. P. Crawford, “Nonlocal photopolymerization effect in the formation of reflective holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2443–2450 (2004).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. Jiang, H. Li, W. Hu, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Lien, J.-R.

Lin, W.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu and X. Sun, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals: materials, formation, and applications,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2008, 1–52 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. Jiang, H. Li, W. Hu, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Norwood, R. A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peyghambarian, N.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Putilin, A.

A. Putilin and I. Gustomiasov, “Application of holographic elements in displays and planar illuminators,” Proc. SPIE 6637, 66370N (2007).
[Crossref]

Qi, J.

J. Qi, L. Li, M. De Sarkar, and G. P. Crawford, “Nonlocal photopolymerization effect in the formation of reflective holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2443–2450 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rachwal, B.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shariv, I.

Shechter, R.

Shi, Q.

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, E.

H. Ueda, E. Shimizu, and T. Kubota, “Image blur of edge-illuminated holograms,” Opt. Eng. 37(1), 241–246 (1998).
[Crossref]

Siddiqui, O.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, W.-C.

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, and N. Kukhtarev, “Multiplexed edge-lit holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(7), 1871–1872 (2003).
[Crossref]

Su, Y.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, Y. Li, X. Jiang, H. Li, W. Hu, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Color holographic display based on azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(6), 060003 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.-C.

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, and N. Kukhtarev, “Multiplexed edge-lit holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(7), 1871–1872 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

Y. Liu and X. Sun, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals: materials, formation, and applications,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2008, 1–52 (2008).
[Crossref]

Thomas, J.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ueda, H.

H. Ueda, E. Shimizu, and T. Kubota, “Image blur of edge-illuminated holograms,” Opt. Eng. 37(1), 241–246 (1998).
[Crossref]

Upatnieks, J.

Voorakaranam, R.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wadle, S.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wuest, D.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Xiong, Y.

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, M.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, Z.

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zaperty, W.

Adv. Optoelectron. (1)

Y. Liu and X. Sun, “Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals: materials, formation, and applications,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2008, 1–52 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

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[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IBM J. Res. Develop. (1)

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[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Qi, L. Li, M. De Sarkar, and G. P. Crawford, “Nonlocal photopolymerization effect in the formation of reflective holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2443–2450 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

X. Li, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Z. He, Y. Xiong, H. Li, W. Hu, Z. Ye, G. He, J. Lu, and Y. Su, “Video-rate holographic display using azo-dye-doped liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(6), 438–443 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Liq. Cryst. (1)

Z. He, C. P. Chen, H. Gao, Q. Shi, S. Liu, X. Li, Y. Xiong, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Dynamics of peristrophic multiplexing in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 41(5), 673–684 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Xiong, Z. He, C. P. Chen, X. Li, A. Li, Z. Ye, J. Lu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Coherent backlight system for flat-panel holographic 3D display,” Opt. Commun. 296, 41–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (3)

W.-C. Su, C.-C. Sun, and N. Kukhtarev, “Multiplexed edge-lit holograms,” Opt. Eng. 42(7), 1871–1872 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Ueda, E. Shimizu, and T. Kubota, “Image blur of edge-illuminated holograms,” Opt. Eng. 37(1), 241–246 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Putilin and I. Gustomiasov, “Application of holographic elements in displays and planar illuminators,” Proc. SPIE 6637, 66370N (2007).
[Crossref]

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G. McPherson, Statistics in Scientific Investigation (Springer, 1990).

S.-T. Wu and D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2001), Chap. 6.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge university, 1999).

V. Toal, Introduction to Holography (CRC, 2011).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 DE of the hologram [11] versus distance in z-axis. Z-axis is defined in Fig. 9 in Appendix.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic drawing of the proposed coherent backlight structure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup for H1 (a) recording and (b) reconstruction. PBS: polarizing beam splitter; M1, M2: mirrors; λ/2: half wave plate.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Image of diffracted waves of H1, (b) normalized intensity distribution of the pattern.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic drawings of H2 during (a) recording and (b) reconstruction.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Image of diffracted waves of H2, (b) normalized intensity distribution of the pattern.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Holographic 3D images reconstructed with a SLM using a conventional beam expander and focuses on (a) ‘A’, (b) ‘B’; using the proposed compact beam expander and focuses on (c) ‘A’, (d) ‘B’.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Holographic 3D images numerically reconstructed using reading beams with different Gaussian distributions in phase. (a), (b), (c) and (d) are images focused on ‘A’. (e), (f), (g) and (h) are images focused on ‘B’. The parameters of the Gaussian distribution are μ = 0 rad, σ = 0 rad in (a) and (e); μ = 0 rad, σ = 0.01π rad in (b) and (f); μ = 0 rad, σ = 0.05π rad in (c) and (g); μ = 0 rad, σ = 0.5π rad in (d) and (h).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Schematic diagrams of (a) recording and (b) reconstruction for the transmission volume hologram.

Equations (7)

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η= sin 2 ( Δϕ 2 )= sin 2 ( π n 1 d λcosθ )
T= ( 1R ) 2 exp( αl )
E= E 0 + l=1 L E l = l=0 L A l exp[ i( k l rωt ) ] ,
2 E+ k 2 [ n 0 2 + g=1 L(L+1)/2 2 n 0 n g cos( K g r ) ]E=0,
K g = k p k q ,
2i k lz d A l dz = k 2 n 0 ( m=0 l1 n lm A m + m=l+1 L n lm A m ),
n lm ={ n 10 (l=1~L,m=0) n 10 / L (l=1~L,m=1~L) ,

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