Abstract

We present a compact silicon polarization rotator (PR) based on mode-hybridization by breaking the cross-sectional symmetry of a double-stair waveguide. The device fabrication is fully compatible with the commonly used silicon photonics processes with no extra masks required. The dependence of device performance on the double-stair waveguide dimensions is investigated using FDTD simulations. Characterizations of the fabricated devices reveal that the 23-μm-long PR exhibits a polarization extinction ratio (PER) of >17 dB in the wavelength range of 1500-1540 nm. The maximum PER exceeds 30 dB at 1518 nm.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Compact polarization rotator for silicon-based slot waveguide structures

Jinbiao Xiao, Yin Xu, Jiayuan Wang, and Xiaohan Sun
Appl. Opt. 53(11) 2390-2397 (2014)

Design of a broadband polarization rotator for silicon-based cross-slot waveguides

Jiayuan Wang, Jinbiao Xiao, and Xiaohan Sun
Appl. Opt. 54(12) 3805-3810 (2015)

Design of a silicon-on-calcium-fluoride-based compact and efficient polarization rotator for the mid-IR

Babita Kumari, R. K. Varshney, and B. P. Pal
OSA Continuum 1(4) 1158-1171 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, “Silicon photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4600–4615 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. Chen, C. He, D. Zhu, R. Guo, F. Zhang, and S. Pan, “Generation of a flat optical frequency comb based on a cascaded polarization modulator and phase modulator,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3137–3139 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. X. Sun, L. Zhou, H. Zhu, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Design and Analysis of a Miniature Intensity Modulator Based on a Silicon-Polymer-Metal Hybrid Plasmonic Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–10 (2014).
  5. S. Feng, Y. Geng, K. M. Lau, and A. W. Poon, “Epitaxial III-V-on-silicon waveguide butt-coupled photodetectors,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4035–4037 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. H. Zhu, L. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “All-silicon waveguide avalanche photodetectors with ultrahigh gain-bandwidth product and low breakdown voltage,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 3803006 (2014).
  7. E. Margallo-Balbás, M. Geljon, G. Pandraud, and P. J. French, “Miniature 10 kHz thermo-optic delay line in silicon,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 4027–4029 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. Xie, L. Zhou, Z. Zou, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Continuously tunable reflective-type optical delay lines using microring resonators,” Opt. Express 22(1), 817–823 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Först, J. Niehusmann, T. Plötzing, J. Bolten, T. Wahlbrink, C. Moormann, and H. Kurz, “High-speed all-optical switching in ion-implanted silicon-on-insulator microring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 2046–2048 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. L. Lu, L. Zhou, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Low-power 2×2 silicon electro-optic switches based on double-ring assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1633–1636 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. C. Manolatou, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “High density integrated optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(9), 1682–1692 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S.-i. Itabashi, “Silicon photonic circuit with polarization diversity,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4872–4880 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “CMOS-compatible highly efficient polarization splitter and rotator based on a double-etched directional coupler,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2489–2496 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. L. Chen, C. R. Doerr, and Y.-K. Chen, “Compact polarization rotator on silicon for polarization-diversified circuits,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 469–471 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide-based mode-evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. C. Wirth, J. Wang, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, L. Fan, L. Varghese, D. E. Leaird, and A. Weiner, “Efficient Silicon-on-Insulator Polarization Rotator based on Mode Evolution,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW4A.83.
    [Crossref]
  18. K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.
  19. D. Dai and J. E. Bowers, “Novel concept for ultracompact polarization splitter-rotator based on silicon nanowires,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10940–10949 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. J. Wang, B. Niu, Z. Sheng, A. Wu, X. Wang, S. Zou, M. Qi, and F. Gan, “Design of a SiO₂ top-cladding and compact polarization splitter-rotator based on a rib directional coupler,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4137–4143 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Ding, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “Wideband polarization splitter and rotator with large fabrication tolerance and simple fabrication process,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1227–1229 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. W. D. Sacher, T. Barwicz, B. J. Taylor, and J. K. Poon, “Polarization rotator-splitters in standard active silicon photonics platforms,” Opt. Express 22(4), 3777–3786 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  23. D. Leung, B. Rahman, and K. Grattan, “Numerical analysis of asymmetric silicon nanowire waveguide as compact polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(3), 381–389 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. V. Velasco, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, J. H. Schmid, C. A. Ramos, Í. M. Fernandez, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, S. Janz, and D.-X. Xu, “Ultracompact polarization converter with a dual subwavelength trench built in a silicon-on-insulator waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 365–367 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, “Polarization rotator based on silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2628–2635 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. D. Vermeulen, P. Verheyen, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on a symmetry breaking silicon overlay,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 482–484 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. Z. Wang and D. Dai, “Ultrasmall Si-nanowire-based polarization rotator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(5), 747–753 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  29. T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  30. D. Dai, “Silicon polarization beam splitter based on an asymmetrical evanescent coupling system with three optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(20), 3281–3287 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2014 (7)

X. Sun, L. Zhou, H. Zhu, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Design and Analysis of a Miniature Intensity Modulator Based on a Silicon-Polymer-Metal Hybrid Plasmonic Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–10 (2014).

H. Zhu, L. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “All-silicon waveguide avalanche photodetectors with ultrahigh gain-bandwidth product and low breakdown voltage,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 3803006 (2014).

J. Xie, L. Zhou, Z. Zou, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Continuously tunable reflective-type optical delay lines using microring resonators,” Opt. Express 22(1), 817–823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “CMOS-compatible highly efficient polarization splitter and rotator based on a double-etched directional coupler,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2489–2496 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. D. Sacher, T. Barwicz, B. J. Taylor, and J. K. Poon, “Polarization rotator-splitters in standard active silicon photonics platforms,” Opt. Express 22(4), 3777–3786 (2014).
[PubMed]

J. Wang, B. Niu, Z. Sheng, A. Wu, X. Wang, S. Zou, M. Qi, and F. Gan, “Design of a SiO₂ top-cladding and compact polarization splitter-rotator based on a rib directional coupler,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4137–4143 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lu, L. Zhou, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Low-power 2×2 silicon electro-optic switches based on double-ring assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1633–1636 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

2012 (6)

A. V. Velasco, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, J. H. Schmid, C. A. Ramos, Í. M. Fernandez, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, S. Janz, and D.-X. Xu, “Ultracompact polarization converter with a dual subwavelength trench built in a silicon-on-insulator waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 365–367 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Feng, Y. Geng, K. M. Lau, and A. W. Poon, “Epitaxial III-V-on-silicon waveguide butt-coupled photodetectors,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4035–4037 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dai, “Silicon polarization beam splitter based on an asymmetrical evanescent coupling system with three optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(20), 3281–3287 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Vermeulen, P. Verheyen, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on a symmetry breaking silicon overlay,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 482–484 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide-based mode-evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Margallo-Balbás, M. Geljon, G. Pandraud, and P. J. French, “Miniature 10 kHz thermo-optic delay line in silicon,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 4027–4029 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, “Silicon photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4600–4615 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

Aamer, M.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Absil, P.

D. Vermeulen, P. Verheyen, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on a symmetry breaking silicon overlay,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 482–484 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ang, K.-W.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baehr-Jones, T.

Baets, R. G.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Barwicz, T.

Beckx, S.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

D. Vermeulen, P. Verheyen, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on a symmetry breaking silicon overlay,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 482–484 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bolten, J.

Bowers, J. E.

Brimont, A.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Calvo, M. L.

Cheben, P.

Chen, C.

Chen, J.

J. Xie, L. Zhou, Z. Zou, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Continuously tunable reflective-type optical delay lines using microring resonators,” Opt. Express 22(1), 817–823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Sun, L. Zhou, H. Zhu, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Design and Analysis of a Miniature Intensity Modulator Based on a Silicon-Polymer-Metal Hybrid Plasmonic Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–10 (2014).

H. Zhu, L. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “All-silicon waveguide avalanche photodetectors with ultrahigh gain-bandwidth product and low breakdown voltage,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 3803006 (2014).

L. Lu, L. Zhou, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Low-power 2×2 silicon electro-optic switches based on double-ring assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1633–1636 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

Chen, S. Y.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-K.

Dai, D.

Das, S.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

Doerr, C. R.

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

Fang, Q.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “CMOS-compatible highly efficient polarization splitter and rotator based on a double-etched directional coupler,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2489–2496 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fathpour, S.

Fedeli, J.-M.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Feng, S.

Fernandez, Í. M.

Först, M.

French, P. J.

Fukuda, H.

Gan, F.

Geljon, M.

Geng, Y.

Goi, K.

K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Grattan, K.

D. Leung, B. Rahman, and K. Grattan, “Numerical analysis of asymmetric silicon nanowire waveguide as compact polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(3), 381–389 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guan, H.

Guo, R.

Gutierrez, A. M.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Håkansson, A.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

He, C.

Hochberg, M.

Huang, Y.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Itabashi, S.

Itabashi, S.-i.

Jaenen, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jalali, B.

Janz, S.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Kurz, H.

Kusaka, H.

K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Kwong, D.-L.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide-based mode-evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Lapointe, J.

Lau, K. M.

Leung, D.

D. Leung, B. Rahman, and K. Grattan, “Numerical analysis of asymmetric silicon nanowire waveguide as compact polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(3), 381–389 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Sun, L. Zhou, H. Zhu, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Design and Analysis of a Miniature Intensity Modulator Based on a Silicon-Polymer-Metal Hybrid Plasmonic Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–10 (2014).

H. Zhu, L. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “All-silicon waveguide avalanche photodetectors with ultrahigh gain-bandwidth product and low breakdown voltage,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 3803006 (2014).

J. Xie, L. Zhou, Z. Zou, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Continuously tunable reflective-type optical delay lines using microring resonators,” Opt. Express 22(1), 817–823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lu, L. Zhou, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Low-power 2×2 silicon electro-optic switches based on double-ring assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1633–1636 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lim, A. E.-J.

Liow, T.-Y.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Lo, G.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide-based mode-evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lo, G.-Q.

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “CMOS-compatible highly efficient polarization splitter and rotator based on a double-etched directional coupler,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2489–2496 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Lo, P. G. Q.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, L.

Manolatou, C.

Margallo-Balbás, E.

Moormann, C.

Niehusmann, J.

Niu, B.

Novack, A.

Ogawa, K.

K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Oka, A.

K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Ortega-Moñux, A.

Ou, H.

Pan, S.

Pandraud, G.

Peucheret, C.

Plötzing, T.

Poon, A. W.

Poon, J. K.

Qi, M.

Rahman, B.

D. Leung, B. Rahman, and K. Grattan, “Numerical analysis of asymmetric silicon nanowire waveguide as compact polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(3), 381–389 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ramos, C. A.

Roelkens, G.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Vermeulen, P. Verheyen, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on a symmetry breaking silicon overlay,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 482–484 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sacher, W. D.

Sanchis, P.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmid, J. H.

Sheng, Z.

Shi, R.

Shinojima, H.

Song, J.-F.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

Streshinsky, M.

Sun, X.

X. Sun, L. Zhou, H. Zhu, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Design and Analysis of a Miniature Intensity Modulator Based on a Silicon-Polymer-Metal Hybrid Plasmonic Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–10 (2014).

Taillaert, D.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Taylor, B. J.

Thong, J. T. L.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thourhout, D. V.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tsuchizawa, T.

Tu, X.

K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Vachon, M.

Van Thourhout, D.

D. Vermeulen, P. Verheyen, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on a symmetry breaking silicon overlay,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 482–484 (2012).
[Crossref]

Velasco, A. V.

Verheyen, P.

D. Vermeulen, P. Verheyen, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on a symmetry breaking silicon overlay,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 482–484 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vermeulen, D.

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Vermeulen, P. Verheyen, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on a symmetry breaking silicon overlay,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 482–484 (2012).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, P. R.

Wahlbrink, T.

Wang, J.

Wang, X.

Wang, Z.

Watanabe, T.

Wiaux, V.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wouters, J.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, A.

Wu, Q.

X. Sun, L. Zhou, H. Zhu, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Design and Analysis of a Miniature Intensity Modulator Based on a Silicon-Polymer-Metal Hybrid Plasmonic Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–10 (2014).

H. Zhu, L. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “All-silicon waveguide avalanche photodetectors with ultrahigh gain-bandwidth product and low breakdown voltage,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 3803006 (2014).

Xie, J.

Xiong, Y.-Z.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.-X.

Yamada, K.

Yu, M.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide-based mode-evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, M. B.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, M.-B.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Zhang, H. J.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide-based mode-evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H. F.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

H. Zhu, L. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “All-silicon waveguide avalanche photodetectors with ultrahigh gain-bandwidth product and low breakdown voltage,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 3803006 (2014).

X. Sun, L. Zhou, H. Zhu, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Design and Analysis of a Miniature Intensity Modulator Based on a Silicon-Polymer-Metal Hybrid Plasmonic Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–10 (2014).

J. Xie, L. Zhou, Z. Zou, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Continuously tunable reflective-type optical delay lines using microring resonators,” Opt. Express 22(1), 817–823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lu, L. Zhou, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Low-power 2×2 silicon electro-optic switches based on double-ring assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1633–1636 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y.

H. Zhu, L. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “All-silicon waveguide avalanche photodetectors with ultrahigh gain-bandwidth product and low breakdown voltage,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 3803006 (2014).

Zhu, D.

Zhu, H.

H. Zhu, L. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “All-silicon waveguide avalanche photodetectors with ultrahigh gain-bandwidth product and low breakdown voltage,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 3803006 (2014).

X. Sun, L. Zhou, H. Zhu, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Design and Analysis of a Miniature Intensity Modulator Based on a Silicon-Polymer-Metal Hybrid Plasmonic Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–10 (2014).

Zou, S.

Zou, Z.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, P. G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for silicon photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021105 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon waveguide-based mode-evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 53–60 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Zhu, L. Zhou, Y. Zhou, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “All-silicon waveguide avalanche photodetectors with ultrahigh gain-bandwidth product and low breakdown voltage,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 3803006 (2014).

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (2)

D. Leung, B. Rahman, and K. Grattan, “Numerical analysis of asymmetric silicon nanowire waveguide as compact polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(3), 381–389 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, L. Zhou, H. Zhu, Q. Wu, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Design and Analysis of a Miniature Intensity Modulator Based on a Silicon-Polymer-Metal Hybrid Plasmonic Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1–10 (2014).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. Vermeulen, P. Verheyen, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on a symmetry breaking silicon overlay,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 482–484 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Aamer, A. M. Gutierrez, A. Brimont, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, J.-M. Fedeli, A. Håkansson, and P. Sanchis, “CMOS compatible silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on symmetry breaking of the waveguide cross section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(22), 2031–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (7)

W. D. Sacher, T. Barwicz, B. J. Taylor, and J. K. Poon, “Polarization rotator-splitters in standard active silicon photonics platforms,” Opt. Express 22(4), 3777–3786 (2014).
[PubMed]

D. Dai and J. E. Bowers, “Novel concept for ultracompact polarization splitter-rotator based on silicon nanowires,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10940–10949 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, B. Niu, Z. Sheng, A. Wu, X. Wang, S. Zou, M. Qi, and F. Gan, “Design of a SiO₂ top-cladding and compact polarization splitter-rotator based on a rib directional coupler,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4137–4143 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, “Polarization rotator based on silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2628–2635 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S.-i. Itabashi, “Silicon photonic circuit with polarization diversity,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4872–4880 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “CMOS-compatible highly efficient polarization splitter and rotator based on a double-etched directional coupler,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2489–2496 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xie, L. Zhou, Z. Zou, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Continuously tunable reflective-type optical delay lines using microring resonators,” Opt. Express 22(1), 817–823 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (8)

M. Först, J. Niehusmann, T. Plötzing, J. Bolten, T. Wahlbrink, C. Moormann, and H. Kurz, “High-speed all-optical switching in ion-implanted silicon-on-insulator microring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 2046–2048 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lu, L. Zhou, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Low-power 2×2 silicon electro-optic switches based on double-ring assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1633–1636 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Margallo-Balbás, M. Geljon, G. Pandraud, and P. J. French, “Miniature 10 kHz thermo-optic delay line in silicon,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 4027–4029 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Feng, Y. Geng, K. M. Lau, and A. W. Poon, “Epitaxial III-V-on-silicon waveguide butt-coupled photodetectors,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4035–4037 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Chen, C. He, D. Zhu, R. Guo, F. Zhang, and S. Pan, “Generation of a flat optical frequency comb based on a cascaded polarization modulator and phase modulator,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3137–3139 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Chen, C. R. Doerr, and Y.-K. Chen, “Compact polarization rotator on silicon for polarization-diversified circuits,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 469–471 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ding, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “Wideband polarization splitter and rotator with large fabrication tolerance and simple fabrication process,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1227–1229 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Velasco, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, J. H. Schmid, C. A. Ramos, Í. M. Fernandez, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, S. Janz, and D.-X. Xu, “Ultracompact polarization converter with a dual subwavelength trench built in a silicon-on-insulator waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 365–367 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. C. Wirth, J. Wang, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, L. Fan, L. Varghese, D. E. Leaird, and A. Weiner, “Efficient Silicon-on-Insulator Polarization Rotator based on Mode Evolution,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW4A.83.
[Crossref]

K. Goi, A. Oka, H. Kusaka, K. Ogawa, T.-Y. Liow, X. Tu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Low-loss silicon partial-rib waveguide polarization rotator,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Microoptics Conference, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic structure of the double-stair polarization rotator. Insets show the cross-sections of (i) input/output section, and (ii) polarization rotation section. (b) Polarization rotation process along the waveguide. The arrows indicate the direction of mode electric field. z = 0 is the starting position of the polarization rotation section.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Required Wb to achieve 100% hybridness and corresponding half-beat length Lπ when Wa varies. Wc is set to 0 and the conversion section is a single-stair waveguide.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Dependence of Wb, half-beat length Lπ and loss on Wc for (a) Wa = 200 nm, (b) Wa = 190 nm, and (c) Wa = 180 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Tolerance simulation of PER when the critical dimensions (a) Wa, (b) Wb and (c) Wc deviate from the optimal values for PR-2.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Electric field distribution of the hybridized modes in the double-stair waveguide for PR-2. (b) Evolution of Ex and Ey components along the PR with TE mode input.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Fabrication process flow of the PR.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Optical microscope image of the entire test structure. (b) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the PBS.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Measured transmission spectra for (a) TE-GC, (b) TM-GC, (c) PBS under TE input, and (d) PBS under TM input.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Measured normalized TE-TE and TE-TM transmission spectra for (a) PR-1, (b) PR-2, and (c) PR-3.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 PER as a function of wavelength for the three PRs.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Design parameters for three PRs

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of Various Pure Silicon Polarization Rotators

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

L=(2k+1) L π , k=0,1,2...
L π = π | β 1 β 2 |
PE R TETM =10lg P TM P TE
PE R TMTE =10lg P TE P TM
PC E TETM = P TM P TE + P TM
PC E TMTE = P TE P TE + P TM

Metrics