Abstract

The transmittance of phosphor-in-glass (PIG) color converter material was studied as a factor affecting the luminescence properties of light emitting diode packaging; it is closely related to the residual pores of sintered glass. In this study, the correlation between porosity and optical properties of the glass and PIG plates was investigated. The transmittance, luminescence properties, and porosity were measured by UV-visible spectrometer, integrating sphere and scanning electron microscope, respectively. Transmittance of the sintered glass plate and the luminous efficacy of the PIG plate both increase with decreased porosity, while the light scattering coefficient decreases. Luminescence properties such as emission intensity and color coordinates are also influenced by transmittance of the PIG plate.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Optical properties of densified phosphor-in-glass LED encapsulants by spark plasma sintering

Sunil Kim, Byungnam Kim, and Hyungsun Kim
Opt. Mater. Express 7(12) 4304-4315 (2017)

Pore characteristics for improving luminous efficacy of phosphor-in-glass

Sunil Kim, Hoyong Yie, Seunggon Choi, Aram Sung, and Hyungsun Kim
Opt. Express 23(24) A1499-A1511 (2015)

Relationship between phosphor properties and chromaticity of phosphor-in-glass

Sunil Kim, Fauzia Iqbal, and Hyungsun Kim
Appl. Opt. 56(34) 9477-9483 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. F. Wang, Y. Lin, H. Shi, W. Wang, Z. Deng, J. Chen, X. Yuan, and Y. Cao, “Introduction on the fabrication technique of phosphor in glass by tape-casting and investigation on the chromaticity property,” Opt. Express 22(S5), A1355–A1362 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. L.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Cheng, C.-C. Tsai, J.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Huang, J.-C. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs,” Opt. Express 22(S3), A671–A678 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, “YAG glass–ceramic phosphors for white LED (I): development,” Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, “Luminescence characteristics of YAG glass-ceramic phosphor for white LED,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1387–1391 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, “Properties of transparent Ce:YAG ceramic phosphors for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 688–691 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. K. Park, J. R. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “2D SiNx photonic crystal coated Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ ceramic plate phosphor for high-power white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25593–25601 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Y. K. Lee, J. S. Lee, J. Heo, W. B. Im, and W. J. Chung, “Phosphor in glasses with Pb-free silicate glass powders as robust color-converting materials for white LED applications,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3276–3278 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. K. Lee, Y. H. Kim, J. Heo, W. B. Im, and W. J. Chung, “Control of chromaticity by phosphor in glasses with low temperature sintered silicate glasses for LED applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4084–4087 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. S. Yi, W. J. Chung, and J. Heo, “Stable and color-tailorable white light from blue LEDs using color-converting phosphor–glass composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(2), 342–345 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 158–164 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Seo, S. Kim, Y. Kim, F. Iqbal, and H. Kim, “Effect of glass refractive index on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(9), 2789–2793 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. C. Lin, Y. Zhou, N. T. Tran, and F. G. Shi, “LED and optical device packaging and materials,” in Materials for Advanced Packaging, D. Lu, C. P. Wong, ed. (Springer, 2009).
  16. I. Yamashita, H. Nagayama, and K. Tsukuma, “Transmission properties of translucent polycrystalline alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2611–2616 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  17. B.-N. Kim, K. Hiraga, K. Morita, H. Yoshida, T. Miyazaki, and Y. Kagawa, “Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina,” Acta Mater. 57(5), 1319–1326 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. Boulesteix, A. Maître, J.-F. Baumard, Y. Rabinovitch, and F. Reynaud, “Light scattering by pores in transparent Nd:YAG ceramics for lasers: correlations between microstructure and optical properties,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14992–15002 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. J. S. Reed, Principles of Ceramics Processing (John Wiley & Sons, 1995).
  20. M. N. Rahaman, Sintering of Ceramics (CRC Press, 2008).
  21. Q. Li, G.-P. Zhang, H. Wang, and L.-W. Lei, “Effect of pores on transmission properties of transparent ceramics,” Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid Commun. 5(6), 673–676 (2011).
  22. “J. G. J. Peelen1 and R. Metselaar, “Light scattering by pores in polycrystalline materials: Transmission properties of alumina,” J. Appl. Phys.45(1), 216–220 (1973).
  23. R. Apetz and M. P. B. van Bruggen, “Transparent alumina: A light-scattering model,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(3), 480–486 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  24. W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  25. W. Pabst, J. Hostasa, and L. Esposito, “Porosity and pore size dependence of the real in-line transmission of YAG and alumina ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(11), 2745–2756 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. N. T. Tran and F. G. Shi, “Studies of phosphor concentration and thickness for phosphor-based white light-emitting-diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(21), 3556–3559 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  27. N. T. Tran, J. P. You, and F. G. Shi, “Effect of phosphor particle size on luminous efficacy of phosphor-converted white LED,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5145–5150 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  28. S. L. Hsiao, N. C. Hu, and C. C. Wu, “Reducing the required amount of phosphor in warm white-light-emitting diodes by enhancing the scattering effect of wavelength conversion layer: A simulation study,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(3), 032102 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2014 (7)

F. Wang, Y. Lin, H. Shi, W. Wang, Z. Deng, J. Chen, X. Yuan, and Y. Cao, “Introduction on the fabrication technique of phosphor in glass by tape-casting and investigation on the chromaticity property,” Opt. Express 22(S5), A1355–A1362 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Cheng, C.-C. Tsai, J.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Huang, J.-C. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs,” Opt. Express 22(S3), A671–A678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. Lee, Y. H. Kim, J. Heo, W. B. Im, and W. J. Chung, “Control of chromaticity by phosphor in glasses with low temperature sintered silicate glasses for LED applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4084–4087 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yi, W. J. Chung, and J. Heo, “Stable and color-tailorable white light from blue LEDs using color-converting phosphor–glass composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(2), 342–345 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 158–164 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Seo, S. Kim, Y. Kim, F. Iqbal, and H. Kim, “Effect of glass refractive index on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(9), 2789–2793 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Pabst, J. Hostasa, and L. Esposito, “Porosity and pore size dependence of the real in-line transmission of YAG and alumina ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(11), 2745–2756 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

S. L. Hsiao, N. C. Hu, and C. C. Wu, “Reducing the required amount of phosphor in warm white-light-emitting diodes by enhancing the scattering effect of wavelength conversion layer: A simulation study,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(3), 032102 (2013).
[Crossref]

L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

Y. K. Lee, J. S. Lee, J. Heo, W. B. Im, and W. J. Chung, “Phosphor in glasses with Pb-free silicate glass powders as robust color-converting materials for white LED applications,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3276–3278 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, “Properties of transparent Ce:YAG ceramic phosphors for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 688–691 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. K. Park, J. R. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “2D SiNx photonic crystal coated Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ ceramic plate phosphor for high-power white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25593–25601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Li, G.-P. Zhang, H. Wang, and L.-W. Lei, “Effect of pores on transmission properties of transparent ceramics,” Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid Commun. 5(6), 673–676 (2011).

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

B.-N. Kim, K. Hiraga, K. Morita, H. Yoshida, T. Miyazaki, and Y. Kagawa, “Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina,” Acta Mater. 57(5), 1319–1326 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. T. Tran, J. P. You, and F. G. Shi, “Effect of phosphor particle size on luminous efficacy of phosphor-converted white LED,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5145–5150 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

N. T. Tran and F. G. Shi, “Studies of phosphor concentration and thickness for phosphor-based white light-emitting-diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(21), 3556–3559 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Yamashita, H. Nagayama, and K. Tsukuma, “Transmission properties of translucent polycrystalline alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2611–2616 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, “Luminescence characteristics of YAG glass-ceramic phosphor for white LED,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1387–1391 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, “YAG glass–ceramic phosphors for white LED (I): development,” Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

R. Apetz and M. P. B. van Bruggen, “Transparent alumina: A light-scattering model,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(3), 480–486 (2003).
[Crossref]

Amans, D.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Anghel, S.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Apetz, R.

R. Apetz and M. P. B. van Bruggen, “Transparent alumina: A light-scattering model,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(3), 480–486 (2003).
[Crossref]

Baumard, J.-F.

Boulesteix, R.

Boulon, G.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

Chang, J.-K.

L.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Cheng, C.-C. Tsai, J.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Huang, J.-C. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs,” Opt. Express 22(S3), A671–A678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chani, V.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 158–164 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, J.-H.

L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.-Y.

L.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Cheng, C.-C. Tsai, J.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Huang, J.-C. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs,” Opt. Express 22(S3), A671–A678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, W.-C.

L.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Cheng, C.-C. Tsai, J.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Huang, J.-C. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs,” Opt. Express 22(S3), A671–A678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, W.-H.

L.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Cheng, C.-C. Tsai, J.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Huang, J.-C. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs,” Opt. Express 22(S3), A671–A678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chung, W. J.

Deng, Z.

Do, Y. R.

Epicier, T.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Esposito, L.

W. Pabst, J. Hostasa, and L. Esposito, “Porosity and pore size dependence of the real in-line transmission of YAG and alumina ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(11), 2745–2756 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, X. Q.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, Y.

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, “Properties of transparent Ce:YAG ceramic phosphors for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 688–691 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fujioka, K.

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, “Properties of transparent Ce:YAG ceramic phosphors for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 688–691 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fujita, S.

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, “Luminescence characteristics of YAG glass-ceramic phosphor for white LED,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1387–1391 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, “YAG glass–ceramic phosphors for white LED (I): development,” Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Heo, J.

Hiraga, K.

B.-N. Kim, K. Hiraga, K. Morita, H. Yoshida, T. Miyazaki, and Y. Kagawa, “Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina,” Acta Mater. 57(5), 1319–1326 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hostasa, J.

W. Pabst, J. Hostasa, and L. Esposito, “Porosity and pore size dependence of the real in-line transmission of YAG and alumina ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(11), 2745–2756 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hsiao, S. L.

S. L. Hsiao, N. C. Hu, and C. C. Wu, “Reducing the required amount of phosphor in warm white-light-emitting diodes by enhancing the scattering effect of wavelength conversion layer: A simulation study,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(3), 032102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, N. C.

S. L. Hsiao, N. C. Hu, and C. C. Wu, “Reducing the required amount of phosphor in warm white-light-emitting diodes by enhancing the scattering effect of wavelength conversion layer: A simulation study,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(3), 032102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.-C.

Huang, Y.-C.

Huh, C.

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hwang, J.

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

Im, W. B.

Iqbal, F.

J. Seo, S. Kim, Y. Kim, F. Iqbal, and H. Kim, “Effect of glass refractive index on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(9), 2789–2793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kagawa, Y.

B.-N. Kim, K. Hiraga, K. Morita, H. Yoshida, T. Miyazaki, and Y. Kagawa, “Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina,” Acta Mater. 57(5), 1319–1326 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.-N.

B.-N. Kim, K. Hiraga, K. Morita, H. Yoshida, T. Miyazaki, and Y. Kagawa, “Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina,” Acta Mater. 57(5), 1319–1326 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

J. Seo, S. Kim, Y. Kim, F. Iqbal, and H. Kim, “Effect of glass refractive index on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(9), 2789–2793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.-H.

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

J. Seo, S. Kim, Y. Kim, F. Iqbal, and H. Kim, “Effect of glass refractive index on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(9), 2789–2793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.

J. Seo, S. Kim, Y. Kim, F. Iqbal, and H. Kim, “Effect of glass refractive index on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(9), 2789–2793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. H.

Lee, J. S.

Lee, M.

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. K.

Lei, L.-W.

Q. Li, G.-P. Zhang, H. Wang, and L.-W. Lei, “Effect of pores on transmission properties of transparent ceramics,” Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid Commun. 5(6), 673–676 (2011).

Li, F.

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

Q. Li, G.-P. Zhang, H. Wang, and L.-W. Lei, “Effect of pores on transmission properties of transparent ceramics,” Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid Commun. 5(6), 673–676 (2011).

Lim, T.-Y.

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, H.

R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 158–164 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

Lu, Z.

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lua, T.

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, B.

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Maître, A.

Mancini, C.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Miyazaki, T.

B.-N. Kim, K. Hiraga, K. Morita, H. Yoshida, T. Miyazaki, and Y. Kagawa, “Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina,” Acta Mater. 57(5), 1319–1326 (2009).
[Crossref]

Moon, J.

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

Morita, K.

B.-N. Kim, K. Hiraga, K. Morita, H. Yoshida, T. Miyazaki, and Y. Kagawa, “Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina,” Acta Mater. 57(5), 1319–1326 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nagayama, H.

I. Yamashita, H. Nagayama, and K. Tsukuma, “Transmission properties of translucent polycrystalline alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2611–2616 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nishiura, S.

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, “Properties of transparent Ce:YAG ceramic phosphors for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 688–691 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oh, J. R.

Pabst, W.

W. Pabst, J. Hostasa, and L. Esposito, “Porosity and pore size dependence of the real in-line transmission of YAG and alumina ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(11), 2745–2756 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pan, Y. B.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Park, H. K.

Park, T.-H.

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qi, J.

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rabinovitch, Y.

Reynaud, F.

Sakamoto, A.

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, “Luminescence characteristics of YAG glass-ceramic phosphor for white LED,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1387–1391 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, “YAG glass–ceramic phosphors for white LED (I): development,” Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Seo, J.

J. Seo, S. Kim, Y. Kim, F. Iqbal, and H. Kim, “Effect of glass refractive index on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(9), 2789–2793 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shi, F. G.

Shi, H.

Shi, Y.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, S.

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, “Properties of transparent Ce:YAG ceramic phosphors for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 688–691 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, “Luminescence characteristics of YAG glass-ceramic phosphor for white LED,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1387–1391 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, “YAG glass–ceramic phosphors for white LED (I): development,” Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tran, N. T.

Tsai, C.-C.

L.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Cheng, C.-C. Tsai, J.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Huang, J.-C. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs,” Opt. Express 22(S3), A671–A678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsukuma, K.

I. Yamashita, H. Nagayama, and K. Tsukuma, “Transmission properties of translucent polycrystalline alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2611–2616 (2008).
[Crossref]

van Bruggen, M. P. B.

R. Apetz and M. P. B. van Bruggen, “Transparent alumina: A light-scattering model,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(3), 480–486 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Wang, H.

Q. Li, G.-P. Zhang, H. Wang, and L.-W. Lei, “Effect of pores on transmission properties of transparent ceramics,” Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid Commun. 5(6), 673–676 (2011).

Wang, W.

Wang, Y.

R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 158–164 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wanga, Y.

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weia, N.

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. C.

S. L. Hsiao, N. C. Hu, and C. C. Wu, “Reducing the required amount of phosphor in warm white-light-emitting diodes by enhancing the scattering effect of wavelength conversion layer: A simulation study,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(3), 032102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.-R.

L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 158–164 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, S.

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, “YAG glass–ceramic phosphors for white LED (I): development,” Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, I.

I. Yamashita, H. Nagayama, and K. Tsukuma, “Transmission properties of translucent polycrystalline alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2611–2616 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yi, S.

S. Yi, W. J. Chung, and J. Heo, “Stable and color-tailorable white light from blue LEDs using color-converting phosphor–glass composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(2), 342–345 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoo, J.-S.

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

B.-N. Kim, K. Hiraga, K. Morita, H. Yoshida, T. Miyazaki, and Y. Kagawa, “Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina,” Acta Mater. 57(5), 1319–1326 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yoshihara, S.

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, “YAG glass–ceramic phosphors for white LED (I): development,” Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, A.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

You, J. P.

Yu, Y.

R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 158–164 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.

Zhang, G.-P.

Q. Li, G.-P. Zhang, H. Wang, and L.-W. Lei, “Effect of pores on transmission properties of transparent ceramics,” Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid Commun. 5(6), 673–676 (2011).

Zhang, R.

R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 158–164 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhanga, W.

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

Acta Mater. (1)

B.-N. Kim, K. Hiraga, K. Morita, H. Yoshida, T. Miyazaki, and Y. Kagawa, “Microstructure and optical properties of transparent alumina,” Acta Mater. 57(5), 1319–1326 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

S. L. Hsiao, N. C. Hu, and C. C. Wu, “Reducing the required amount of phosphor in warm white-light-emitting diodes by enhancing the scattering effect of wavelength conversion layer: A simulation study,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(3), 032102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Disp. Technol. (1)

L.-Y. Chen, J.-K. Chang, Y.-R. Wu, W.-C. Cheng, J.-H. Chen, C.-C. Tsai, and W.-H. Cheng, ““Optical model for novel glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” IEEE/OSA J,” Disp. Technol. 9(6), 441–446 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, “Luminescence characteristics of YAG glass-ceramic phosphor for white LED,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(5), 1387–1391 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

W. Zhanga, T. Lua, N. Weia, Y. Wanga, B. Ma, F. Li, Z. Lu, and J. Qi, “Assessment of light scattering by pores in Nd:YAG transparent ceramics,” J. Alloys Compd. 520, 36–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (4)

J. Seo, S. Kim, Y. Kim, F. Iqbal, and H. Kim, “Effect of glass refractive index on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(9), 2789–2793 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Yamashita, H. Nagayama, and K. Tsukuma, “Transmission properties of translucent polycrystalline alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91(8), 2611–2616 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Apetz and M. P. B. van Bruggen, “Transparent alumina: A light-scattering model,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 86(3), 480–486 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Yi, W. J. Chung, and J. Heo, “Stable and color-tailorable white light from blue LEDs using color-converting phosphor–glass composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(2), 342–345 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. (1)

W. Pabst, J. Hostasa, and L. Esposito, “Porosity and pore size dependence of the real in-line transmission of YAG and alumina ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 34(11), 2745–2756 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Kor. J. Mater. Res. (1)

C. Huh, J. Hwang, T.-Y. Lim, J.-H. Kim, M. Lee, J.-S. Yoo, T.-H. Park, and J. Moon, “Effect of glass composition on the optical properties of color conversion glasses for white LED,” Kor. J. Mater. Res. 22(12), 669–674 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

R. Zhang, H. Lin, Y. Yu, D. Chen, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A new-generation color converter for high-power white LED: transparent Ce3+:YAG phosphor-in-glass,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 158–164 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (2)

W. Zhao, S. Anghel, C. Mancini, D. Amans, G. Boulon, T. Epicier, Y. Shi, X. Q. Feng, Y. B. Pan, V. Chani, and A. Yoshikawa, “V. chani and A. Yoshikawa, “Ce3+ dopant segregation in Y3Al5O12 optical ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 684–687 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, “Properties of transparent Ce:YAG ceramic phosphors for white LED,” Opt. Mater. 33(5), 688–691 (2011).
[Crossref]

Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid Commun. (1)

Q. Li, G.-P. Zhang, H. Wang, and L.-W. Lei, “Effect of pores on transmission properties of transparent ceramics,” Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid Commun. 5(6), 673–676 (2011).

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, “YAG glass–ceramic phosphors for white LED (I): development,” Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

J. S. Reed, Principles of Ceramics Processing (John Wiley & Sons, 1995).

M. N. Rahaman, Sintering of Ceramics (CRC Press, 2008).

“J. G. J. Peelen1 and R. Metselaar, “Light scattering by pores in polycrystalline materials: Transmission properties of alumina,” J. Appl. Phys.45(1), 216–220 (1973).

Y. C. Lin, Y. Zhou, N. T. Tran, and F. G. Shi, “LED and optical device packaging and materials,” in Materials for Advanced Packaging, D. Lu, C. P. Wong, ed. (Springer, 2009).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 SEM image of a cross-section of a glass plate sintered at (a) 600 °C, (b) 620 °C for 30 min; sintered at 620 °C for (c) 0 min, (d) 20 min, and PIG (e) 600 °C, (f) 620 °C for 30 min; sintered at 620 °C for (g) 0 min, (h) 20 min
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Number of pores (inset), porosity, and average pore diameter as a function of sintering temperature (from 600 °C to 640 °C, closed symbols) and holding time (from 0 min to 40 min, open symbols) for (a) sintered glass and (b) PIG
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Calculated and measured transmittance of sintered glass versus porosity.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calculated and measured transmittance of PIG versus porosity.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Luminescence characteristics of PIG: (a) luminous efficacy, (b) CCT and CRI.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Variations in the relative PL intensity for blue and yellow wavelengths; (b) Chromaticity coordinate shift of PIG plates with transmittance.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Sintering conditions of the sintered glass and PIG specimens

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T( λ )=( 1R )exp( C sca t )

Metrics