Abstract

A 4-channel distributed feedback (DFB) semiconductor laser array with incorporation of a grating reflector utilizing reconstruction-equivalent-chirp technique is theoretically studied and experimentally demonstrated. By integrating with a grating reflector, 40% increase of slope efficiency, about 10mA decrease of threshold current and 7dB increase of side mode suppression ratio (SMSR) are achieved with a deviation of wavelength spacing being less than 0.07nm. The SMSRs of all the lasers are higher than 60dB.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  2. H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  3. W. Li, X. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Experimental demonstration of a multi-wavelength distributed feedback semiconductor laser array with an equivalent chirped grating profile based on the equivalent chirp technology,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19966–19971 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. S. Bao, Y. Xi, S. Zhao, and X. Li, “Sampled Grating DFB Laser Array by Periodic Injection Blocking,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).
  5. T. L. Koch and U. Koren, “Semiconductor Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(3), 641–653 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  6. I. Orfanos, T. Sphicopoulos, A. Tsigopoulos, and C. Caroubalos, “A tractable above-threshold model for the design of DFB and phase-shifted DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 946–956 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Matsuoka, Y. Yoshikuni, and H. Nagai, “Verification of the light phase effect at the facet on DFB laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(12), 1880–1886 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Usami, S. Akiba, and K. Utaka, “Asymmetric λ/4-shifted InGaAsP/InP DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(6), 815–821 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  10. J.-I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, “Numerical Study of a DFB Semiconductor Laser and Laser Array With Chirped Structure Based on the Equivalent Chirp Technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(10), 938–945 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. C. Shi, X. F. Chen, Y. T. Zhou, S. M. Li, L. L. Lu, R. Liu, and Y. J. Feng, “Experimental demonstration of eight-wavelength distributed feedback semiconductor laser array using equivalent phase shift,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3315–3317 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, L. Y. Li, R. J. Guo, T. T. Zhang, R. Liu, W. C. Li, L. L. Lu, S. Tang, Y. T. Zhou, J. S. Li, and X. F. Chen, “Study of the multiwavelength DFB semiconductor laser array based on the Reconstruction-Equivalent-Chirp Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3243–3250 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. S. Li and J. L. Cheng, “A laterally-coupled distributed feedback laser with equivalent quarter-wave phase shift,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26936–26941 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. J. S. Li, S. Tang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. F. Chen, and J. L. Cheng, “An Eight-Wavelength BH DFB Laser Array With Equivalent Phase Shifts for WDM Systems,” IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. 26(16), 1593–1596 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).
  17. G. P. Agrawal and A. H. Bobeck, “Modeling of distributed feedback semiconductor lasers with axially-varying parameters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(12), 2407–2414 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  18. C. A. F. Fernandes, “Single-mode Yield in DFB Laser Diodes with Reflecting Facets,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(2), 205–209 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. L. J. Ketelsen, I. Hoshino, and D. A. Ackerman, “Experimental and theoretical evaluation of the CW suppression of TE side modes in conventional 1.55 um InP-InGaAsP distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 965–975 (1991).
    [Crossref]

2014 (2)

J. S. Li, S. Tang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. F. Chen, and J. L. Cheng, “An Eight-Wavelength BH DFB Laser Array With Equivalent Phase Shifts for WDM Systems,” IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. 26(16), 1593–1596 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

2013 (4)

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, “Numerical Study of a DFB Semiconductor Laser and Laser Array With Chirped Structure Based on the Equivalent Chirp Technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(10), 938–945 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

C. A. F. Fernandes, “Single-mode Yield in DFB Laser Diodes with Reflecting Facets,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(2), 205–209 (2006).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

1991 (4)

L. J. Ketelsen, I. Hoshino, and D. A. Ackerman, “Experimental and theoretical evaluation of the CW suppression of TE side modes in conventional 1.55 um InP-InGaAsP distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 965–975 (1991).
[Crossref]

T. L. Koch and U. Koren, “Semiconductor Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(3), 641–653 (1991).
[Crossref]

I. Orfanos, T. Sphicopoulos, A. Tsigopoulos, and C. Caroubalos, “A tractable above-threshold model for the design of DFB and phase-shifted DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 946–956 (1991).
[Crossref]

J.-I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and A. H. Bobeck, “Modeling of distributed feedback semiconductor lasers with axially-varying parameters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(12), 2407–2414 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

M. Usami, S. Akiba, and K. Utaka, “Asymmetric λ/4-shifted InGaAsP/InP DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(6), 815–821 (1987).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

T. Matsuoka, Y. Yoshikuni, and H. Nagai, “Verification of the light phase effect at the facet on DFB laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(12), 1880–1886 (1985).
[Crossref]

Ackerman, D. A.

L. J. Ketelsen, I. Hoshino, and D. A. Ackerman, “Experimental and theoretical evaluation of the CW suppression of TE side modes in conventional 1.55 um InP-InGaAsP distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 965–975 (1991).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and A. H. Bobeck, “Modeling of distributed feedback semiconductor lasers with axially-varying parameters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(12), 2407–2414 (1988).
[Crossref]

Akiba, S.

M. Usami, S. Akiba, and K. Utaka, “Asymmetric λ/4-shifted InGaAsP/InP DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(6), 815–821 (1987).
[Crossref]

Andreadakis, N. C.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Arai, S.

J.-I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[Crossref]

Arima, I.

J.-I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[Crossref]

Bao, S.

S. Bao, Y. Xi, S. Zhao, and X. Li, “Sampled Grating DFB Laser Array by Periodic Injection Blocking,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).

Bhat, R.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bobeck, A. H.

G. P. Agrawal and A. H. Bobeck, “Modeling of distributed feedback semiconductor lasers with axially-varying parameters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(12), 2407–2414 (1988).
[Crossref]

Caneau, C.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Carcenac, F.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Caroubalos, C.

I. Orfanos, T. Sphicopoulos, A. Tsigopoulos, and C. Caroubalos, “A tractable above-threshold model for the design of DFB and phase-shifted DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 946–956 (1991).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. F.

J. S. Li, S. Tang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. F. Chen, and J. L. Cheng, “An Eight-Wavelength BH DFB Laser Array With Equivalent Phase Shifts for WDM Systems,” IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. 26(16), 1593–1596 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, L. Y. Li, R. J. Guo, T. T. Zhang, R. Liu, W. C. Li, L. L. Lu, S. Tang, Y. T. Zhou, J. S. Li, and X. F. Chen, “Study of the multiwavelength DFB semiconductor laser array based on the Reconstruction-Equivalent-Chirp Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3243–3250 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Shi, X. F. Chen, Y. T. Zhou, S. M. Li, L. L. Lu, R. Liu, and Y. J. Feng, “Experimental demonstration of eight-wavelength distributed feedback semiconductor laser array using equivalent phase shift,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3315–3317 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J. L.

J. S. Li, S. Tang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. F. Chen, and J. L. Cheng, “An Eight-Wavelength BH DFB Laser Array With Equivalent Phase Shifts for WDM Systems,” IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. 26(16), 1593–1596 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. S. Li and J. L. Cheng, “A laterally-coupled distributed feedback laser with equivalent quarter-wave phase shift,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26936–26941 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couraud, L.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Curtis, L.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dai, Y. T.

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, “Numerical Study of a DFB Semiconductor Laser and Laser Array With Chirped Structure Based on the Equivalent Chirp Technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(10), 938–945 (2008).
[Crossref]

Favire, F.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y. J.

Fernandes, C. A. F.

C. A. F. Fernandes, “Single-mode Yield in DFB Laser Diodes with Reflecting Facets,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(2), 205–209 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gamelin, J. K.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Guo, R. J.

Hoshino, I.

L. J. Ketelsen, I. Hoshino, and D. A. Ackerman, “Experimental and theoretical evaluation of the CW suppression of TE side modes in conventional 1.55 um InP-InGaAsP distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 965–975 (1991).
[Crossref]

Hou, L. P.

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

Ketelsen, L. J.

L. J. Ketelsen, I. Hoshino, and D. A. Ackerman, “Experimental and theoretical evaluation of the CW suppression of TE side modes in conventional 1.55 um InP-InGaAsP distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 965–975 (1991).
[Crossref]

Koch, T. L.

T. L. Koch and U. Koren, “Semiconductor Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(3), 641–653 (1991).
[Crossref]

Komori, K.

J.-I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kong, D.

H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koren, U.

T. L. Koch and U. Koren, “Semiconductor Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(3), 641–653 (1991).
[Crossref]

Koza, M.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Launois, H.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lebib, A.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lee, T.-P.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lepore, A.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Li, J. S.

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

J. S. Li, S. Tang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. F. Chen, and J. L. Cheng, “An Eight-Wavelength BH DFB Laser Array With Equivalent Phase Shifts for WDM Systems,” IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. 26(16), 1593–1596 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. S. Li and J. L. Cheng, “A laterally-coupled distributed feedback laser with equivalent quarter-wave phase shift,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26936–26941 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, L. Y. Li, R. J. Guo, T. T. Zhang, R. Liu, W. C. Li, L. L. Lu, S. Tang, Y. T. Zhou, J. S. Li, and X. F. Chen, “Study of the multiwavelength DFB semiconductor laser array based on the Reconstruction-Equivalent-Chirp Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3243–3250 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, L. Y.

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, L. Y. Li, R. J. Guo, T. T. Zhang, R. Liu, W. C. Li, L. L. Lu, S. Tang, Y. T. Zhou, J. S. Li, and X. F. Chen, “Study of the multiwavelength DFB semiconductor laser array based on the Reconstruction-Equivalent-Chirp Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3243–3250 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, S. M.

Li, W.

Li, W. C.

Li, X.

S. Bao, Y. Xi, S. Zhao, and X. Li, “Sampled Grating DFB Laser Array by Periodic Injection Blocking,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).

Liang, S.

H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, P. S. D.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Liu, R.

Liu, Y.

J. S. Li, S. Tang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. F. Chen, and J. L. Cheng, “An Eight-Wavelength BH DFB Laser Array With Equivalent Phase Shifts for WDM Systems,” IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. 26(16), 1593–1596 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, L. L.

Mahoney, D. D.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Manin-Ferlazzo, L.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Marsh, J. H.

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

Matsuoka, T.

T. Matsuoka, Y. Yoshikuni, and H. Nagai, “Verification of the light phase effect at the facet on DFB laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(12), 1880–1886 (1985).
[Crossref]

Mejias, M.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nagai, H.

T. Matsuoka, Y. Yoshikuni, and H. Nagai, “Verification of the light phase effect at the facet on DFB laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(12), 1880–1886 (1985).
[Crossref]

Orfanos, I.

I. Orfanos, T. Sphicopoulos, A. Tsigopoulos, and C. Caroubalos, “A tractable above-threshold model for the design of DFB and phase-shifted DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 946–956 (1991).
[Crossref]

Pathak, B.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pépin, A.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Qiu, B. C.

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

Rahjel, A. W.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y. C.

Shim, J.-I.

J.-I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[Crossref]

Somchai, R.

J.-I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[Crossref]

Sphicopoulos, T.

I. Orfanos, T. Sphicopoulos, A. Tsigopoulos, and C. Caroubalos, “A tractable above-threshold model for the design of DFB and phase-shifted DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 946–956 (1991).
[Crossref]

Suematsu, Y.

J.-I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[Crossref]

Tang, S.

J. S. Li, S. Tang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. F. Chen, and J. L. Cheng, “An Eight-Wavelength BH DFB Laser Array With Equivalent Phase Shifts for WDM Systems,” IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. 26(16), 1593–1596 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, L. Y. Li, R. J. Guo, T. T. Zhang, R. Liu, W. C. Li, L. L. Lu, S. Tang, Y. T. Zhou, J. S. Li, and X. F. Chen, “Study of the multiwavelength DFB semiconductor laser array based on the Reconstruction-Equivalent-Chirp Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3243–3250 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsigopoulos, A.

I. Orfanos, T. Sphicopoulos, A. Tsigopoulos, and C. Caroubalos, “A tractable above-threshold model for the design of DFB and phase-shifted DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 946–956 (1991).
[Crossref]

Usami, M.

M. Usami, S. Akiba, and K. Utaka, “Asymmetric λ/4-shifted InGaAsP/InP DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(6), 815–821 (1987).
[Crossref]

Utaka, K.

M. Usami, S. Akiba, and K. Utaka, “Asymmetric λ/4-shifted InGaAsP/InP DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(6), 815–821 (1987).
[Crossref]

Vieu, C.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. S. Li, S. Tang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. F. Chen, and J. L. Cheng, “An Eight-Wavelength BH DFB Laser Array With Equivalent Phase Shifts for WDM Systems,” IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. 26(16), 1593–1596 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xi, Y.

S. Bao, Y. Xi, S. Zhao, and X. Li, “Sampled Grating DFB Laser Array by Periodic Injection Blocking,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).

Xu, X.

H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

Yao, J. P.

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, “Numerical Study of a DFB Semiconductor Laser and Laser Array With Chirped Structure Based on the Equivalent Chirp Technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(10), 938–945 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yoshikuni, Y.

T. Matsuoka, Y. Yoshikuni, and H. Nagai, “Verification of the light phase effect at the facet on DFB laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(12), 1880–1886 (1985).
[Crossref]

Young, W. C.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zah, C. E.

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T. T.

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, L. Y. Li, R. J. Guo, T. T. Zhang, R. Liu, W. C. Li, L. L. Lu, S. Tang, Y. T. Zhou, J. S. Li, and X. F. Chen, “Study of the multiwavelength DFB semiconductor laser array based on the Reconstruction-Equivalent-Chirp Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3243–3250 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y. S.

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

Zhao, L.

H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

S. Bao, Y. Xi, S. Zhao, and X. Li, “Sampled Grating DFB Laser Array by Periodic Injection Blocking,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).

Zheng, J. L.

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

Zhou, Y. T.

Zhu, H.

H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pépin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, L. Manin-Ferlazzo, L. Couraud, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1–4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (8)

T. Matsuoka, Y. Yoshikuni, and H. Nagai, “Verification of the light phase effect at the facet on DFB laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(12), 1880–1886 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. Usami, S. Akiba, and K. Utaka, “Asymmetric λ/4-shifted InGaAsP/InP DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(6), 815–821 (1987).
[Crossref]

J.-I. Shim, K. Komori, S. Arai, I. Arima, Y. Suematsu, and R. Somchai, “Lasing characteristics of 1.5 μm GaInAsP-InP SCH-BIG-DR lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(6), 1736–1745 (1991).
[Crossref]

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, “Numerical Study of a DFB Semiconductor Laser and Laser Array With Chirped Structure Based on the Equivalent Chirp Technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(10), 938–945 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. L. Koch and U. Koren, “Semiconductor Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(3), 641–653 (1991).
[Crossref]

I. Orfanos, T. Sphicopoulos, A. Tsigopoulos, and C. Caroubalos, “A tractable above-threshold model for the design of DFB and phase-shifted DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 946–956 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. P. Agrawal and A. H. Bobeck, “Modeling of distributed feedback semiconductor lasers with axially-varying parameters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(12), 2407–2414 (1988).
[Crossref]

L. J. Ketelsen, I. Hoshino, and D. A. Ackerman, “Experimental and theoretical evaluation of the CW suppression of TE side modes in conventional 1.55 um InP-InGaAsP distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(4), 965–975 (1991).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Bao, Y. Xi, S. Zhao, and X. Li, “Sampled Grating DFB Laser Array by Periodic Injection Blocking,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).

IEEE Photonic Tech. L. (1)

H. Zhu, X. Xu, H. Wang, D. Kong, S. Liang, L. Zhao, and W. Wang, “The fabrication of eight-channel DFB laser array using sampled gratings,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L. 22(5), 353–355 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. (1)

J. S. Li, S. Tang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X. F. Chen, and J. L. Cheng, “An Eight-Wavelength BH DFB Laser Array With Equivalent Phase Shifts for WDM Systems,” IEEE Photonic Tech. Lett. 26(16), 1593–1596 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, L. Y. Li, R. J. Guo, T. T. Zhang, R. Liu, W. C. Li, L. L. Lu, S. Tang, Y. T. Zhou, J. S. Li, and X. F. Chen, “Study of the multiwavelength DFB semiconductor laser array based on the Reconstruction-Equivalent-Chirp Technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3243–3250 (2013).
[Crossref]

T.-P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[Crossref]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. A. F. Fernandes, “Single-mode Yield in DFB Laser Diodes with Reflecting Facets,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(2), 205–209 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Rep-UK (1)

Y. C. Shi, S. M. Li, X. F. Chen, L. Y. Li, J. S. Li, T. T. Zhang, J. L. Zheng, Y. S. Zhang, S. Tang, L. P. Hou, J. H. Marsh, and B. C. Qiu, “High channel count and high precision channel spacing multi-wavelength laser array for future PICs,” Sci. Rep-UK 4(7377), 1–6 (2014).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The structure of REC-GR-DFB lasers, (b) The grating structure of REC-GR-DFB lasers.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Reflection spectrum of GR and transmission spectrum of the DFB grating.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Threshold gain and (b) threshold gain margin versus the length of GR with LDFB = 450μm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Calculated light intensity distributions at IDFB = 50mA and (b) L-I curves of the lasers with/without GR.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic of a 4-channel REC-GR-DFB laser array.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Optical spectra of the 4-channel REC-GR-DFB laser arrays with IDFB = 100mA, (b) Spectrum of the REC-DFB lasers without GR section with IDFB = 100mA, (c) Laser wavelengths and linear fitting curve, (d) wavelength residuals after linear fitting.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured L-I curves for the 4-channel REC-GR-DFB laser arrays and the REC-DFB laser without GR.

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