Abstract

We demonstrate that the amplification of attosecond pulse in X-ray free electron laser (FEL) undulator can be tailored. The characteristic of the amplification of an isolated attosecond pulse in the FEL undulator is investigated. An isolated 180 attoseconds full width half maximum (FWHM) pulse at 1.25 nm with a spectral bandwidth of 1% is injected into an undulator. The simulation results show that for a direct seeding of 3MW, the seed is amplified to the peak power of 106 GW (40 μJ, an output pulse-width of 383 attoseconds) in the presence of a detuning at FEL resonance condition in 100-m long undulator. We note that the introduction of detuning leads to the better performance compared to the case without detuning: shorter by 15.5% in a pulse-width and higher by 76.6% in an output power. Tapering yields a higher power (116% increases in the output power compared to the case without detuning) but a longer pulse (15.4% longer in the pulse-width). It was observed that ± Δλr/8 (Δλrr ~1%) is the maximum degree of detuning, beyond which the amplification becomes poor: lower in the output power and longer in the pulse duration. The minimum power for a seed pulse needs to be higher than 1 MW for the successful amplification of an attosecond pulse at 1.25 nm. Also, the electron beam energy-spread must be less than 0.1% for a suitable propagation of attosecond pulse along the FEL undulator under this study.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat Commun 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2691 (2013).

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Chang, J. Liang, D. Hei, M. F. Becker, K. Tang, Y. Feng, V. Yakimenko, C. Pellegrini, and J. Wu, “High-brightness X-ray free-electron laser with an optical undulator by pulse shaping,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32013–32018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kumar, H. S. Kang, and D. E. Kim, “For the generation of an intense isolated pulse in hard X-ray region using X-ray free electron laser,” Laser Part. Beams 30(03), 397–406 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, F. Calegari, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond Technology and Science,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 507–519 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent X-ray generation,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 822–832 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Allaria, M. D. Danailov, and G. De Ninno, “Tunability of a seeded free-electron laser through frequency pulling,” Eur. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 64005 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Hey, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063829 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Lambert, J. Gautier, C. P. Hauri, Ph. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, T. Marchenko, F. Tissandier, J. Ph. Goddet, M. Ribiere, G. Rey, M. Fajardo, and S. Sebban, “An optimized kHz two-colour high harmonic source for seeding free-electron lasers and plasma-based soft x-ray lasers,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083033 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Xiang, Z. Huang, and G. Stupakov, “Generation of intense attosecond x-ray pulses using ultraviolet laser induced micro bunching in electron beams,” Phys. Rev. Spec.Top. Accel. Beams. 12(6), 060701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond Physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Coherence properties of the radiation from X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(5), 1179–1188 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M. E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 296–300 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, J. B. Murphy, X. Wang, and K. Wang, “Exponential growth, superradiance, and tunability of a seeded free electron laser,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3255–3260 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

J. Wu, P. R. Bolton, J. B. Murphy, and K. Wang, “ABCD formalism and attosecond few-cycle pulse via chirp manipulation of a seeded free electron laser,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12749–12754 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics,” New J. Phys. 9(7), 243 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Study of a noise degradation of amplification process in a multistage HGHG FEL,” Opt. Commun. 202(1), 69–187 (2002).

W. M. Fawley, Z. Huang, K.-J. Kim, and N. A. Vinokurov, “Tapered undulators for SASE FELs,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483(1-2), 537–541 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

S. Reiche, “GENESIS 1.3: a fully 3D time-dependent FEL simulation code,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 429(1-3), 243–248 (1999).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

R. Bonifacio, C. Pellegrini, and L. Narducci, “Collective instabilities and high-gain regime in a free electron laser,” Opt. Commun. 50(6), 373–378 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ackermann, S.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ališauskas, S.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allaria, E.

E. Allaria, M. D. Danailov, and G. De Ninno, “Tunability of a seeded free-electron laser through frequency pulling,” Eur. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 64005 (2010).
[Crossref]

Andriukaitis, G.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aoyama, M.

Apolonski, A.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garzella, D.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M. E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 296–300 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gautier, J.

G. Lambert, J. Gautier, C. P. Hauri, Ph. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, T. Marchenko, F. Tissandier, J. Ph. Goddet, M. Ribiere, G. Rey, M. Fajardo, and S. Sebban, “An optimized kHz two-colour high harmonic source for seeding free-electron lasers and plasma-based soft x-ray lasers,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083033 (2009).
[Crossref]

Georgadiou, E.

X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Hey, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063829 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gilevich, S.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gisselbrecht, M.

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L. Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gobert, O.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M. E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 296–300 (2008).
[Crossref]

Goddet, J. Ph.

G. Lambert, J. Gautier, C. P. Hauri, Ph. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, T. Marchenko, F. Tissandier, J. Ph. Goddet, M. Ribiere, G. Rey, M. Fajardo, and S. Sebban, “An optimized kHz two-colour high harmonic source for seeding free-electron lasers and plasma-based soft x-ray lasers,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083033 (2009).
[Crossref]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics,” New J. Phys. 9(7), 243 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guilbaud, O.

X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Hey, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063829 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hara, T.

Hass, E.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hatsui, T.

Hauri, C. P.

G. Lambert, J. Gautier, C. P. Hauri, Ph. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, T. Marchenko, F. Tissandier, J. Ph. Goddet, M. Ribiere, G. Rey, M. Fajardo, and S. Sebban, “An optimized kHz two-colour high harmonic source for seeding free-electron lasers and plasma-based soft x-ray lasers,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083033 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hays, G.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, X.

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L. Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Hey, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063829 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hei, D.

Heinzmann, U.

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hendel, S.

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hering, Ph.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hernández-García, C.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hey, C.

X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Hey, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063829 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hipp, U.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics,” New J. Phys. 9(7), 243 (2007).
[Crossref]

Honkavaara, K.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Z.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xiang, Z. Huang, and G. Stupakov, “Generation of intense attosecond x-ray pulses using ultraviolet laser induced micro bunching in electron beams,” Phys. Rev. Spec.Top. Accel. Beams. 12(6), 060701 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. M. Fawley, Z. Huang, K.-J. Kim, and N. A. Vinokurov, “Tapered undulators for SASE FELs,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483(1-2), 537–541 (2002).
[Crossref]

Huillier, A. L.

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L. Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
[Crossref]

Inoue, S.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M. E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 296–300 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ischebeck, R.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishii, N.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat Commun 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, T.

Itatani, J.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat Commun 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond Physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

Iverson, R.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iwasaki, A.

Jaron-Becker, A.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kabachnik, N. M.

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kameshima, T.

Kanai, T.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat Commun 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaneshima, K.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat Commun 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, H. S.

S. Kumar, H. S. Kang, and D. E. Kim, “For the generation of an intense isolated pulse in hard X-ray region using X-ray free electron laser,” Laser Part. Beams 30(03), 397–406 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kumar, H. S. Kang, and D. E. Kim, “Generation of isolated single attosecond hard X-ray pulse in enhanced self-amplified spontaneous emission scheme,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7537–7545 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kannari, F.

Kapteyn, H. C.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent X-ray generation,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 822–832 (2010).
[Crossref]

Khan, S.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, D.

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics,” New J. Phys. 9(7), 243 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. E.

S. Kumar, H. S. Kang, and D. E. Kim, “For the generation of an intense isolated pulse in hard X-ray region using X-ray free electron laser,” Laser Part. Beams 30(03), 397–406 (2012).
[Crossref]

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M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
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Kumar, S.

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G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M. E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 296–300 (2008).
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E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2691 (2013).

Lechner, C.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
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Loos, H.

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Merdji, H.

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Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
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Milosevic, N.

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S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
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S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
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E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2691 (2013).

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
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Muller, H. G.

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
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Murnane, M. M.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033002 (2013).
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T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent X-ray generation,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 822–832 (2010).
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Nabekawa, Y.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Comm. 4, 2691 (2013).

Nagasono, M.

Nakano, H.

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Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
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Ohshima, T.

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Otake, Y.

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C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033002 (2013).
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Persson, A.

X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Hey, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063829 (2009).
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Pervak, V.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
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Plaja, L.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033002 (2013).
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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
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Popmintchev, T.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033002 (2013).
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T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent X-ray generation,” Nat. Photonics 4(12), 822–832 (2010).
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Pugzlys, A.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
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Rakowski, R.

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L. Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Hey, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063829 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ratner, D.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rauschenberger, J.

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rehders, M.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reiche, S.

S. Reiche, “GENESIS 1.3: a fully 3D time-dependent FEL simulation code,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 429(1-3), 243–248 (1999).
[Crossref]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rey, G.

G. Lambert, J. Gautier, C. P. Hauri, Ph. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, T. Marchenko, F. Tissandier, J. Ph. Goddet, M. Ribiere, G. Rey, M. Fajardo, and S. Sebban, “An optimized kHz two-colour high harmonic source for seeding free-electron lasers and plasma-based soft x-ray lasers,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083033 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ribiere, M.

G. Lambert, J. Gautier, C. P. Hauri, Ph. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, T. Marchenko, F. Tissandier, J. Ph. Goddet, M. Ribiere, G. Rey, M. Fajardo, and S. Sebban, “An optimized kHz two-colour high harmonic source for seeding free-electron lasers and plasma-based soft x-ray lasers,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083033 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rönsch-Schulenburg, J.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rossbach, J.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruchon, T.

X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Hey, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063829 (2009).
[Crossref]

Saldin, E. L.

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Coherence properties of the radiation from X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(5), 1179–1188 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Study of a noise degradation of amplification process in a multistage HGHG FEL,” Opt. Commun. 202(1), 69–187 (2002).

Salieres, P.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M. E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 296–300 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, F. Calegari, and M. Nisoli, “Attosecond Technology and Science,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 507–519 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sato, T.

Schlarb, H.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schneidmiller, E. A.

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Coherence properties of the radiation from X-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(5), 1179–1188 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Study of a noise degradation of amplification process in a multistage HGHG FEL,” Opt. Commun. 202(1), 69–187 (2002).

Schrauth, S. E.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schreiber, S.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schröder, H.

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schroedter, L.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics,” New J. Phys. 9(7), 243 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schulz, M.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schulz, S.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwenke, J.

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L. Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. He, M. Miranda, J. Schwenke, O. Guilbaud, T. Ruchon, C. Hey, E. Georgadiou, R. Rakowski, A. Persson, M. B. Gaarde, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatial and spectral properties of the high-order harmonic emission in argon for seeding applications,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063829 (2009).
[Crossref]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sebban, S.

G. Lambert, J. Gautier, C. P. Hauri, Ph. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, T. Marchenko, F. Tissandier, J. Ph. Goddet, M. Ribiere, G. Rey, M. Fajardo, and S. Sebban, “An optimized kHz two-colour high harmonic source for seeding free-electron lasers and plasma-based soft x-ray lasers,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083033 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shim, B.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from Mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shintake, T.

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stupakov, G.

D. Xiang, Z. Huang, and G. Stupakov, “Generation of intense attosecond x-ray pulses using ultraviolet laser induced micro bunching in electron beams,” Phys. Rev. Spec.Top. Accel. Beams. 12(6), 060701 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tahara, K.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M. E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 296–300 (2008).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, E. J.

Tamasaku, K.

Tanaka, H.

Tanaka, T.

Tanaka, Y.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M. E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 296–300 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tang, K.

Tanikawa, T.

G. Lambert, T. Hara, D. Garzella, T. Tanikawa, M. Labat, B. Carre, H. Kitamura, T. Shintake, M. Bougeard, S. Inoue, Y. Tanaka, P. Salieres, H. Merdji, O. Chubar, O. Gobert, K. Tahara, and M. E. Couprie, “Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free electron laser providing intense and coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nat. Phys. 4(4), 296–300 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tarkeshian, R.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tischer, M.

S. Ackermann, A. Azima, S. Bajt, J. Bödewadt, F. Curbis, H. Dachraoui, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, S. Düsterer, B. Faatz, M. Felber, J. Feldhaus, E. Hass, U. Hipp, K. Honkavaara, R. Ischebeck, S. Khan, T. Laarmann, C. Lechner, Th. Maltezopoulos, V. Miltchev, M. Mittenzwey, M. Rehders, J. Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. Rossbach, H. Schlarb, S. Schreiber, L. Schroedter, M. Schulz, S. Schulz, R. Tarkeshian, M. Tischer, V. Wacker, and M. Wieland, “Generation of coherent 19- and 38-nm radiation at a free-electron laser directly seeded at 38 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(11), 114801 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tissandier, F.

G. Lambert, J. Gautier, C. P. Hauri, Ph. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, T. Marchenko, F. Tissandier, J. Ph. Goddet, M. Ribiere, G. Rey, M. Fajardo, and S. Sebban, “An optimized kHz two-colour high harmonic source for seeding free-electron lasers and plasma-based soft x-ray lasers,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083033 (2009).
[Crossref]

Togashi, T.

Togawa, K.

Tomizawa, H.

Turner, J.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F.-J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H.-D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-Cycle Nonlinear Optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond Control and Measurement: Lightwave Electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, M. Hofstetter, J. Kim, D. Kim, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Powerful 170-attosecond XUV pulses generated with few-cycle laser pulses and broadband multilayer optics,” New J. Phys. 9(7), 243 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419(6909), 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uphues, Th.

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentin, C.

G. Lambert, J. Gautier, C. P. Hauri, Ph. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, T. Marchenko, F. Tissandier, J. Ph. Goddet, M. Ribiere, G. Rey, M. Fajardo, and S. Sebban, “An optimized kHz two-colour high harmonic source for seeding free-electron lasers and plasma-based soft x-ray lasers,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083033 (2009).
[Crossref]

Verhoef, A. J.

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vinokurov, N. A.

W. M. Fawley, Z. Huang, K.-J. Kim, and N. A. Vinokurov, “Tapered undulators for SASE FELs,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 483(1-2), 537–541 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

M. Uiberacker, Th. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007).
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C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L. Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic layout of the undulator system considered in this study. The 2nd undulator section is repeatedly added to make a ~100 m-long undulator system.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Peak pulse-power at various positions along the undulator for different undulator configurations as shown in Table 2.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Pulse-width at various positions along the undulator for different undulator configurations as shown in Table 2.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Temporal distributions of SASE (‘black line’) and attosecond seed pulse (‘red line’) ((a) - (d)) and corresponding spectral distributions ((e) - (h)) at different locations in UC3 undulator. In (a) and (b), SASE radiation is multiplied by a factor 10. The electron beam parameters are the same as shown in Table 1.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The change of the output power and pulse duration of attosecond seed pulse at z = 30 with respect to the change of seed power.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 FEL Simulation parameters

Tables Icon

Table 2 Classification of detuned undulator configurations (UC)

Tables Icon

Table 3 Time bandwidth product of radiation pulse at different position along the undulator

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