Abstract

An approach to perform band shifting applied to multi-spectral ocean remote sensing reflectance RRS values in the visible spectral range is presented. The band-shifting scheme aims at expressing RRS at a wavelength not originally part of the spectrum from data at neighboring bands. The scheme relies on the determination of inherent optical properties (IOPs) by a bio-optical model, the calculation of the IOPs at the target wavelength using the spectral shapes assumed for each IOP, and the operation of the bio-optical model in forward mode to express RRS at the target wavelength. The performance of the band-shifting scheme applied to bands typical of satellite missions is assessed with hyper-spectral data sets obtained from radiative transfer simulations or from field measurements. The relative error ε on the conversion factors from 488 to 490 nm is mostly within 1%. Analogous results are obtained for conversions in the red spectral domain (665, 667 and 670 nm) only for synthetic data sets. The range of ε for conversions between green bands (547, 555 and 560 nm) is within 2% to 5% depending on the data set considered. Similar results are obtained when RRS values are computed at 510 nm from data at 488 and 531 nm. In the case of the assessment with simulated data, all band-shifting operations are characterized by an ε range within 2% for all conversions when the concentration of chlorophyll-a is lower than 1 mg m−3. Applied to satellite data, the band-shifting scheme noticeably improves the agreement between RRS data from different missions.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (1)

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, and G. Zibordi, “Spectral interdependence of remote-sensing reflectance and its implications on the design of ocean color satellite sensors,” App. Opt. 533301–3310 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

W. Chen and R. Lucke, “Out-of-band correction for multispectral remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 512476–2483 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Chen and B.-C. Gao, “A multispectral decomposition technique for the recovery of true SeaWiFS top-of-atmosphere radiances,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 10288–292 (2013).
[Crossref]

P.J. Werdell, B.A. Franz, S.W. Bailey, G.C. Feldman, E. Boss, V.E. Brando, M.D. Dowell, T. Hirata, S.J. Lavender, Z.-P. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T.S. Moore, T.J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. Fanton d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

F. Mélin, V. Vantrepotte, M. Clerici, D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, and E. Canuti, “Multi-sensor satellite time series of optical properties and chlorophyll a concentration in the Adriatic Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr. 91, 229–244 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, and D. D’Alimonte, “Cross-site consistent in situ measurements for satellite ocean color applications: The BiOMaP radiometric dataset,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115, 2104–2115 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, S.W. Bailey, B.A. Franz, K.J. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant, “Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed by SeaDAS over the European Seas,” Opt. Exp. 19, 25657–25671 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper, Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and S. Djavidnia, “Merged series of normalized water leaving radiances obtained from multiple satellite missions for the Mediterranean Sea,” Adv. Space Res. 43, 423–437 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, L. Hu, and M.-X. He, “Scattering by pure seawater: Effect of salinity,” Opt. Exp. 17, 5698–5710 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 192–215 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Morel, Y. Huot, B. Gentili, P.J. Werdell, S.B. Hooker, and B.A. Franz, “Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach,” Remote Sens. Env. 11169–88 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin and G. Zibordi, “An optically-based technique for producing merged spectra of water leaving radiances from ocean color,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3856–3869 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

P.J. Werdell, S.W. Bailey, G.S. Fargion, C. Pietras, K.D. Knobelspiesse, G.C. Feldman, and C.R. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” EOS Trans. of the Am. Geophys. Union 84, 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P.C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, and T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Solar Physics 214, 1–22 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

S.B. Hooker and C.R. McClain, “The calibration and validation of SeaWiFS data,” Prog. Oceanogr. 45, 427–465 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. Rast, J. L. Bezy, and S. Bruzzi, “The ESA Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer MERIS - A review of the instrument and its mission,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1681–1702 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

1997 (2)

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).

R.M. Pope and E.S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (380–700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements, Appl. Opt.,  36, 8710–8723 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

H.R. Gordon, O.B. Brown, R.H. Evans, J.W. Brown, R.C. Smith, K.S. Baker, and D.S. Clark, “A semi-analytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Abbott, M. R.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Antoine, D.

Arnone, R.

Arnone, R.A.

Z.-P. Lee, K.L. Carder, and R.A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: A multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5755–5772 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-P. Lee, B. Lubac, P.J. Werdell, and R.A. Arnone, “An update of the Quasi-Analytical Algorithm (QAA_v5),” Tech. Rep. International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group, 2009 ( http://www.ioccg.org/groups/software.html ).

Babin, M.

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bailey, S.W.

P.J. Werdell, B.A. Franz, S.W. Bailey, G.C. Feldman, E. Boss, V.E. Brando, M.D. Dowell, T. Hirata, S.J. Lavender, Z.-P. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T.S. Moore, T.J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. Fanton d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, S.W. Bailey, B.A. Franz, K.J. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant, “Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed by SeaDAS over the European Seas,” Opt. Exp. 19, 25657–25671 (2011).
[Crossref]

P.J. Werdell, S.W. Bailey, G.S. Fargion, C. Pietras, K.D. Knobelspiesse, G.C. Feldman, and C.R. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” EOS Trans. of the Am. Geophys. Union 84, 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

B.A. Franz, R.E. Eplee, S.W. Bailey, and M. Wang, “Changes to the atmospheric correction algorithm and retrieval of oceanic optical properties,” NASA Tech. Mem. 2003-206892, vol. 22, chap. 5, 29–33, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2003).

Baker, K.S.

H.R. Gordon, O.B. Brown, R.H. Evans, J.W. Brown, R.C. Smith, K.S. Baker, and D.S. Clark, “A semi-analytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Balch, W. M.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Barnes, R.A.

M. Wang, B.A. Franz, R.A. Barnes, and C.R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near-surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40343–348 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, B.A. Franz, and R.A. Barnes, “Analysis of the SeaWiFS spectral band-pass effects,” NASA Tech. Mem. 2000-206892, vol. 10, chap. 2, 6–11, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2000).

Barton, I.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bécu, G.

D. Antoine, F. d’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, and A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res.113, C07013, (2008).
[Crossref]

Berthon, J.-F.

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, S.W. Bailey, B.A. Franz, K.J. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant, “Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed by SeaDAS over the European Seas,” Opt. Exp. 19, 25657–25671 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin, V. Vantrepotte, M. Clerici, D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, and E. Canuti, “Multi-sensor satellite time series of optical properties and chlorophyll a concentration in the Adriatic Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr. 91, 229–244 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, and D. D’Alimonte, “Cross-site consistent in situ measurements for satellite ocean color applications: The BiOMaP radiometric dataset,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115, 2104–2115 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper, Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 192–215 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bezy, J. L.

M. Rast, J. L. Bezy, and S. Bruzzi, “The ESA Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer MERIS - A review of the instrument and its mission,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1681–1702 (1999).
[Crossref]

Boss, E.

Brando, V.E.

Brewin, R.W.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Bricaud, A.

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

Brockmann, C.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
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Broenkow, W.

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).

Brown, J.W.

H.R. Gordon, O.B. Brown, R.H. Evans, J.W. Brown, R.C. Smith, K.S. Baker, and D.S. Clark, “A semi-analytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Brown, O. B.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Brown, O.B.

H.R. Gordon, O.B. Brown, R.H. Evans, J.W. Brown, R.C. Smith, K.S. Baker, and D.S. Clark, “A semi-analytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Brown, S. W.

S. W. Brown, S. J. Flora, M. J. Feinholz, M. A. Yarbrough, T. Houlihan, D. Peters, Y. S. Kim, J. L. Mueller, C. B. Johnson, and D. K. Clark, “The Marine Optical BuoY (MOBY) radiometric calibration and uncertainty budget for ocean color satellite sensor vicarious calibration,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XI, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, H. Shimoda, and S. Habib, eds., Proc. SPIE6744, pp. 67441M (2007).
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Bruzzi, S.

M. Rast, J. L. Bezy, and S. Bruzzi, “The ESA Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer MERIS - A review of the instrument and its mission,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1681–1702 (1999).
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Buchwitz, M.

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
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Campbell, J. W.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
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Canuti, E.

F. Mélin, V. Vantrepotte, M. Clerici, D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, and E. Canuti, “Multi-sensor satellite time series of optical properties and chlorophyll a concentration in the Adriatic Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr. 91, 229–244 (2011).
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Carder, K. L.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Carder, K.L.

Cazenave, A.

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
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Chen, W.

W. Chen and R. Lucke, “Out-of-band correction for multispectral remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 512476–2483 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Chen and B.-C. Gao, “A multispectral decomposition technique for the recovery of true SeaWiFS top-of-atmosphere radiances,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 10288–292 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chuvieco, E.

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
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Clark, D. K.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).

S. W. Brown, S. J. Flora, M. J. Feinholz, M. A. Yarbrough, T. Houlihan, D. Peters, Y. S. Kim, J. L. Mueller, C. B. Johnson, and D. K. Clark, “The Marine Optical BuoY (MOBY) radiometric calibration and uncertainty budget for ocean color satellite sensor vicarious calibration,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XI, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, H. Shimoda, and S. Habib, eds., Proc. SPIE6744, pp. 67441M (2007).
[Crossref]

Clark, D.S.

H.R. Gordon, O.B. Brown, R.H. Evans, J.W. Brown, R.C. Smith, K.S. Baker, and D.S. Clark, “A semi-analytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Claustre, H.

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
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Cleave, M. L.

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Clerici, M.

F. Mélin, V. Vantrepotte, M. Clerici, D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, and E. Canuti, “Multi-sensor satellite time series of optical properties and chlorophyll a concentration in the Adriatic Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr. 91, 229–244 (2011).
[Crossref]

D’Alimonte, D.

F. Mélin, V. Vantrepotte, M. Clerici, D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, and E. Canuti, “Multi-sensor satellite time series of optical properties and chlorophyll a concentration in the Adriatic Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr. 91, 229–244 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, and D. D’Alimonte, “Cross-site consistent in situ measurements for satellite ocean color applications: The BiOMaP radiometric dataset,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115, 2104–2115 (2011).
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G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper, Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
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d’Ortenzio, F.

D. Antoine, F. d’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, and A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res.113, C07013, (2008).
[Crossref]

de Leeuw, G.

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
[Crossref]

Defourny, P.

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
[Crossref]

Deschamps, P.-Y.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Devred, E.

P.J. Werdell, B.A. Franz, S.W. Bailey, G.C. Feldman, E. Boss, V.E. Brando, M.D. Dowell, T. Hirata, S.J. Lavender, Z.-P. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T.S. Moore, T.J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. Fanton d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
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Djavidnia, S.

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and S. Djavidnia, “Merged series of normalized water leaving radiances obtained from multiple satellite missions for the Mediterranean Sea,” Adv. Space Res. 43, 423–437 (2009).
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Doerffer, R.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Dowell, M.D.

Downy, C.

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
[Crossref]

Eplee, R.E.

B.A. Franz, R.E. Eplee, S.W. Bailey, and M. Wang, “Changes to the atmospheric correction algorithm and retrieval of oceanic optical properties,” NASA Tech. Mem. 2003-206892, vol. 22, chap. 5, 29–33, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2003).

Esaias, W. E.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Evans, R. H.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Evans, R.H.

H.R. Gordon, O.B. Brown, R.H. Evans, J.W. Brown, R.C. Smith, K.S. Baker, and D.S. Clark, “A semi-analytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Fanton d’Andon, O.

Fargion, G.S.

P.J. Werdell, S.W. Bailey, G.S. Fargion, C. Pietras, K.D. Knobelspiesse, G.C. Feldman, and C.R. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” EOS Trans. of the Am. Geophys. Union 84, 377 (2003).
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Feinholz, M. J.

S. W. Brown, S. J. Flora, M. J. Feinholz, M. A. Yarbrough, T. Houlihan, D. Peters, Y. S. Kim, J. L. Mueller, C. B. Johnson, and D. K. Clark, “The Marine Optical BuoY (MOBY) radiometric calibration and uncertainty budget for ocean color satellite sensor vicarious calibration,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XI, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, H. Shimoda, and S. Habib, eds., Proc. SPIE6744, pp. 67441M (2007).
[Crossref]

Feldman, G. C.

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Feldman, G.C.

Flora, S.

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, S.W. Bailey, B.A. Franz, K.J. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant, “Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed by SeaDAS over the European Seas,” Opt. Exp. 19, 25657–25671 (2011).
[Crossref]

Flora, S. J.

S. W. Brown, S. J. Flora, M. J. Feinholz, M. A. Yarbrough, T. Houlihan, D. Peters, Y. S. Kim, J. L. Mueller, C. B. Johnson, and D. K. Clark, “The Marine Optical BuoY (MOBY) radiometric calibration and uncertainty budget for ocean color satellite sensor vicarious calibration,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XI, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, H. Shimoda, and S. Habib, eds., Proc. SPIE6744, pp. 67441M (2007).
[Crossref]

Fomferra, N.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Forsberg, R.

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
[Crossref]

Foujols, T.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P.C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, and T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Solar Physics 214, 1–22 (2003).
[Crossref]

Franz, B.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Franz, B.A.

P.J. Werdell, B.A. Franz, S.W. Bailey, G.C. Feldman, E. Boss, V.E. Brando, M.D. Dowell, T. Hirata, S.J. Lavender, Z.-P. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T.S. Moore, T.J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. Fanton d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, S.W. Bailey, B.A. Franz, K.J. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant, “Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed by SeaDAS over the European Seas,” Opt. Exp. 19, 25657–25671 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Morel, Y. Huot, B. Gentili, P.J. Werdell, S.B. Hooker, and B.A. Franz, “Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach,” Remote Sens. Env. 11169–88 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, B.A. Franz, R.A. Barnes, and C.R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near-surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40343–348 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin and B.A. Franz, “Assessment of satellite ocean colour radiometry and derived geophysical products,” in Optical Radiometry for Oceans Climate Measurements, chap. 6.1, G. Zibordi, C. Donlon, and A. Parr, eds., Academic Press, Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences vol. 47, 722 pp. (2014).

B.A. Franz, R.E. Eplee, S.W. Bailey, and M. Wang, “Changes to the atmospheric correction algorithm and retrieval of oceanic optical properties,” NASA Tech. Mem. 2003-206892, vol. 22, chap. 5, 29–33, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2003).

M. Wang, B.A. Franz, and R.A. Barnes, “Analysis of the SeaWiFS spectral band-pass effects,” NASA Tech. Mem. 2000-206892, vol. 10, chap. 2, 6–11, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2000).

Fry, E.S.

Gao, B.-C.

W. Chen and B.-C. Gao, “A multispectral decomposition technique for the recovery of true SeaWiFS top-of-atmosphere radiances,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 10288–292 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y.

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).

Gentili, B.

A. Morel, Y. Huot, B. Gentili, P.J. Werdell, S.B. Hooker, and B.A. Franz, “Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach,” Remote Sens. Env. 11169–88 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Morel, D. Antoine, and B. Gentili, “Bidirectional reflectance of oceanic waters: accounting for Raman emission and varying particle scattering phase function,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6289–6306 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Antoine, F. d’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, and A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res.113, C07013, (2008).
[Crossref]

Gillotay, D.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P.C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, and T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Solar Physics 214, 1–22 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gordon, H. R.

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).

Gordon, H.R.

H.R. Gordon, O.B. Brown, R.H. Evans, J.W. Brown, R.C. Smith, K.S. Baker, and D.S. Clark, “A semi-analytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Grant, M.

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, S.W. Bailey, B.A. Franz, K.J. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant, “Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed by SeaDAS over the European Seas,” Opt. Exp. 19, 25657–25671 (2011).
[Crossref]

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Gregg, W. W.

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Groom, S.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

He, M.-X.

X. Zhang, L. Hu, and M.-X. He, “Scattering by pure seawater: Effect of salinity,” Opt. Exp. 17, 5698–5710 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hersé, M.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P.C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, and T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Solar Physics 214, 1–22 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hirata, T.

Hoge, F. E.

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[Crossref]

Scott, A. J.

D. Antoine, F. d’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, and A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res.113, C07013, (2008).
[Crossref]

Shang, S.

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, and G. Zibordi, “Spectral interdependence of remote-sensing reflectance and its implications on the design of ocean color satellite sensors,” App. Opt. 533301–3310 (2014).
[Crossref]

Siegel, D.A.

Simon, P.C.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P.C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, and T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Solar Physics 214, 1–22 (2003).
[Crossref]

Smith, R.C.

H.R. Gordon, O.B. Brown, R.H. Evans, J.W. Brown, R.C. Smith, K.S. Baker, and D.S. Clark, “A semi-analytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Smyth, T.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Smyth, T.J.

Steinmetz, F.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Swinton, J.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Tailliez, D.

D. Antoine, F. d’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, and A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res.113, C07013, (2008).
[Crossref]

Thuillier, G.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P.C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, and T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Solar Physics 214, 1–22 (2003).
[Crossref]

Trees, C.

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).

van Roozendael, M.

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vantrepotte, V.

F. Mélin, V. Vantrepotte, M. Clerici, D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, and E. Canuti, “Multi-sensor satellite time series of optical properties and chlorophyll a concentration in the Adriatic Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr. 91, 229–244 (2011).
[Crossref]

Voss, K. J.

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).

Voss, K.J.

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, S.W. Bailey, B.A. Franz, K.J. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant, “Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed by SeaDAS over the European Seas,” Opt. Exp. 19, 25657–25671 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wagner, W.

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

M. Wang, B.A. Franz, R.A. Barnes, and C.R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near-surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40343–348 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, B.A. Franz, and R.A. Barnes, “Analysis of the SeaWiFS spectral band-pass effects,” NASA Tech. Mem. 2000-206892, vol. 10, chap. 2, 6–11, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2000).

B.A. Franz, R.E. Eplee, S.W. Bailey, and M. Wang, “Changes to the atmospheric correction algorithm and retrieval of oceanic optical properties,” NASA Tech. Mem. 2003-206892, vol. 22, chap. 5, 29–33, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2003).

Werdell, P.J.

P.J. Werdell, B.A. Franz, S.W. Bailey, G.C. Feldman, E. Boss, V.E. Brando, M.D. Dowell, T. Hirata, S.J. Lavender, Z.-P. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T.S. Moore, T.J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. Fanton d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-P. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, P.J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, 369–381 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Morel, Y. Huot, B. Gentili, P.J. Werdell, S.B. Hooker, and B.A. Franz, “Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach,” Remote Sens. Env. 11169–88 (2007).
[Crossref]

P.J. Werdell, S.W. Bailey, G.S. Fargion, C. Pietras, K.D. Knobelspiesse, G.C. Feldman, and C.R. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” EOS Trans. of the Am. Geophys. Union 84, 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, B. Lubac, P.J. Werdell, and R.A. Arnone, “An update of the Quasi-Analytical Algorithm (QAA_v5),” Tech. Rep. International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group, 2009 ( http://www.ioccg.org/groups/software.html ).

White, G.N.

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

Yarbrough, M. A.

S. W. Brown, S. J. Flora, M. J. Feinholz, M. A. Yarbrough, T. Houlihan, D. Peters, Y. S. Kim, J. L. Mueller, C. B. Johnson, and D. K. Clark, “The Marine Optical BuoY (MOBY) radiometric calibration and uncertainty budget for ocean color satellite sensor vicarious calibration,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XI, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, H. Shimoda, and S. Habib, eds., Proc. SPIE6744, pp. 67441M (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, L. Hu, and M.-X. He, “Scattering by pure seawater: Effect of salinity,” Opt. Exp. 17, 5698–5710 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zibordi, G.

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, and G. Zibordi, “Spectral interdependence of remote-sensing reflectance and its implications on the design of ocean color satellite sensors,” App. Opt. 533301–3310 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin, V. Vantrepotte, M. Clerici, D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, and E. Canuti, “Multi-sensor satellite time series of optical properties and chlorophyll a concentration in the Adriatic Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr. 91, 229–244 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, and D. D’Alimonte, “Cross-site consistent in situ measurements for satellite ocean color applications: The BiOMaP radiometric dataset,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115, 2104–2115 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, S.W. Bailey, B.A. Franz, K.J. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant, “Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed by SeaDAS over the European Seas,” Opt. Exp. 19, 25657–25671 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper, Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and S. Djavidnia, “Merged series of normalized water leaving radiances obtained from multiple satellite missions for the Mediterranean Sea,” Adv. Space Res. 43, 423–437 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin and G. Zibordi, “An optically-based technique for producing merged spectra of water leaving radiances from ocean color,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3856–3869 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 192–215 (2007).
[Crossref]

Adv. Space Res. (1)

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and S. Djavidnia, “Merged series of normalized water leaving radiances obtained from multiple satellite missions for the Mediterranean Sea,” Adv. Space Res. 43, 423–437 (2009).
[Crossref]

App. Opt. (1)

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, and G. Zibordi, “Spectral interdependence of remote-sensing reflectance and its implications on the design of ocean color satellite sensors,” App. Opt. 533301–3310 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (8)

M. Wang, B.A. Franz, R.A. Barnes, and C.R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near-surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40343–348 (2001).
[Crossref]

R.M. Pope and E.S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (380–700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements, Appl. Opt.,  36, 8710–8723 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. Maritorena, D.A. Siegel, and A.R. Peterson, “Optimization of a semi-analytical ocean color model for global-scale applications,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2705–2714 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-P. Lee, K.L. Carder, and R.A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: A multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5755–5772 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Morel, D. Antoine, and B. Gentili, “Bidirectional reflectance of oceanic waters: accounting for Raman emission and varying particle scattering phase function,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6289–6306 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mélin and G. Zibordi, “An optically-based technique for producing merged spectra of water leaving radiances from ocean color,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3856–3869 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, P.J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, 369–381 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.J. Werdell, B.A. Franz, S.W. Bailey, G.C. Feldman, E. Boss, V.E. Brando, M.D. Dowell, T. Hirata, S.J. Lavender, Z.-P. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T.S. Moore, T.J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. Fanton d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. (1)

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. de Leeuw, R. Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. van Roozendael, and W. Wagner, “The ESA Climate Change Initiative - Satellite data records for essential climate variables,” Bull. Am. Meteo. Soc. 94, 1541–1552 (2013).
[Crossref]

EOS Trans. of the Am. Geophys. Union (1)

P.J. Werdell, S.W. Bailey, G.S. Fargion, C. Pietras, K.D. Knobelspiesse, G.C. Feldman, and C.R. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” EOS Trans. of the Am. Geophys. Union 84, 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. (1)

W. Chen and B.-C. Gao, “A multispectral decomposition technique for the recovery of true SeaWiFS top-of-atmosphere radiances,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 10288–292 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (2)

W. Chen and R. Lucke, “Out-of-band correction for multispectral remote sensing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 512476–2483 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. E. Esaias, M. R. Abbott, I. Barton, O. B. Brown, J. W. Campbell, K. L. Carder, D. K. Clark, R. H. Evans, F. E. Hoge, H. R. Gordon, W. M. Balch, R. Letelier, and P. J. Minnett, “An overview of MODIS capabilities for ocean science observations,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 1250–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Remote Sens. (1)

M. Rast, J. L. Bezy, and S. Bruzzi, “The ESA Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer MERIS - A review of the instrument and its mission,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1681–1702 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. (4)

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).

A. Morel and S. Maritorena, “Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: A reappraisal,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163–7180 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

H.R. Gordon, O.B. Brown, R.H. Evans, J.W. Brown, R.C. Smith, K.S. Baker, and D.S. Clark, “A semi-analytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909–10924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Opt. Exp. (2)

X. Zhang, L. Hu, and M.-X. He, “Scattering by pure seawater: Effect of salinity,” Opt. Exp. 17, 5698–5710 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, S.W. Bailey, B.A. Franz, K.J. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant, “Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed by SeaDAS over the European Seas,” Opt. Exp. 19, 25657–25671 (2011).
[Crossref]

Prog. Oceanogr. (2)

F. Mélin, V. Vantrepotte, M. Clerici, D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, and E. Canuti, “Multi-sensor satellite time series of optical properties and chlorophyll a concentration in the Adriatic Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr. 91, 229–244 (2011).
[Crossref]

S.B. Hooker and C.R. McClain, “The calibration and validation of SeaWiFS data,” Prog. Oceanogr. 45, 427–465 (2000).
[Crossref]

Remote Sens. Env. (1)

A. Morel, Y. Huot, B. Gentili, P.J. Werdell, S.B. Hooker, and B.A. Franz, “Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach,” Remote Sens. Env. 11169–88 (2007).
[Crossref]

Remote Sens. Environ. (3)

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 192–215 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper, Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, and D. D’Alimonte, “Cross-site consistent in situ measurements for satellite ocean color applications: The BiOMaP radiometric dataset,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115, 2104–2115 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sea Tech. (1)

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Solar Physics (1)

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P.C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, and T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Solar Physics 214, 1–22 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (10)

M. Wang, B.A. Franz, and R.A. Barnes, “Analysis of the SeaWiFS spectral band-pass effects,” NASA Tech. Mem. 2000-206892, vol. 10, chap. 2, 6–11, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2000).

GCOS, “Systematic observation requirements for satellite-based data products for climate, 2011 update: Supplemental details to the satellite-based component of the Implementation Plan for the Global Observing System for Climate in Support of the UNFCCC”, Tech. Rep.154, World Meteorological Organization (2011).

Z.-P. Lee, B. Lubac, P.J. Werdell, and R.A. Arnone, “An update of the Quasi-Analytical Algorithm (QAA_v5),” Tech. Rep. International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group, 2009 ( http://www.ioccg.org/groups/software.html ).

B.A. Franz, R.E. Eplee, S.W. Bailey, and M. Wang, “Changes to the atmospheric correction algorithm and retrieval of oceanic optical properties,” NASA Tech. Mem. 2003-206892, vol. 22, chap. 5, 29–33, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2003).

D. Antoine, F. d’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, and A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res.113, C07013, (2008).
[Crossref]

R.W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, D. Mueller, C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z.-P. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mlin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, P.J. Werdell, and G.N. White, “The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative. III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms,” Remote Sens. Environ., , in press (2014).
[Crossref]

C.D. Mobley, “Light and water,” Academic Press, 592p. (1994).

IOCCG, “Remote sensing of inherent optical properties: Fundamentals, tests of algorithms, and applications,” Reports of the International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group, Number5, Z.-P. Lee, ed. 126 pp., IOCCG, Dartmouth, Canada (2006).

S. W. Brown, S. J. Flora, M. J. Feinholz, M. A. Yarbrough, T. Houlihan, D. Peters, Y. S. Kim, J. L. Mueller, C. B. Johnson, and D. K. Clark, “The Marine Optical BuoY (MOBY) radiometric calibration and uncertainty budget for ocean color satellite sensor vicarious calibration,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XI, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, H. Shimoda, and S. Habib, eds., Proc. SPIE6744, pp. 67441M (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Mélin and B.A. Franz, “Assessment of satellite ocean colour radiometry and derived geophysical products,” in Optical Radiometry for Oceans Climate Measurements, chap. 6.1, G. Zibordi, C. Donlon, and A. Parr, eds., Academic Press, Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences vol. 47, 722 pp. (2014).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a) Average RRS spectrum associated with each Chla value of the IOCCG synthetic data; b) Average RRS spectrum of each measurement campaign selected for analysis within SeaBASS.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Distribution of ε for selected band conversions. Statistics are displayed as box-and-whiskers plots, with boxes indicating the average ± one standard deviation, the inner bar associated with the median, and the whiskers being the 10th and 90th percentiles of the distributions. Minima and maxima are noted by circles. The left-hand bars are for the case of a,c,d) no correction (Cf =1), or b) linear interpolation. The right-hand bars are obtained with the band-shifting scheme. The letters A and B are associated with the Case-1 and the IOCCG synthetic data sets, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Distribution of ε for selected band conversions for the SeaBASS data. Statistics are displayed as on Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Distribution of ε for selected band conversion for the MOBY data. Statistics are displayed as on Fig. 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Average of all coincident spectra for the SeaWiFS data (red diamonds), the original MODIS data (grey line and crosses) and MODIS band-shifted data (black circles).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Frequency distribution of the ratio between MODIS and SeaWiFS RRS. Black curves and statistics (median ratio μ) are for comparisons with the original data, while red curves and statistics are based on MODIS values expressed onto the SeaWiFS bands by the band-shifting scheme.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Statistics for the Case-1 data set. The three columns are for all conditions, Chla1 mg m−3 and Chla>1 mg m−3. For each conversion, the first line provides ε (median [10th;90th percentiles]) for the reference case (no conversion or linear interpolation), while the second line provides the results obtained by operating the band-shifting scheme. Each conversion is indicated by the input wavelength(s)target wavelength, together with the typical sensors for which such a conversion would be applied, with A, M and S standing for MODIS, MERIS and SeaWiFS, respectively.

Tables Icon

Table 2 As in Table 1 for the IOCCG data set.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Statistics for the SeaBASS data set. For each conversion, the first line provides ε (median [10th;90th percentiles]) for the reference case (no conversion or linear interpolation), while the second line provides the results obtained by operating the band-shifting scheme. Each conversion is indicated by the input wavelength(s)target wavelength, together with the typical sensors for which such a conversion would be applied, with A, M and S standing for MODIS, MERIS and SeaWiFS, respectively.

Tables Icon

Table 4 As Table 3 for the MOBY data.

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

r rs ( λ ) = R RS ( λ ) T + r Q ( λ ) R RS ( λ )
r rs ( λ ) = g 0 b b ( λ ) b b ( λ ) + a ( λ ) + g 1 [ b b ( λ ) b b ( λ ) + a ( λ ) ] 2
b bp ( λ t ) = b bp ( λ ) ( λ λ t ) η
a ph ( λ t ) = A ( λ t ) ( a ph ( λ ) A ( λ ) ) 1 B ( λ t ) 1 B ( λ )
a cdm ( λ t ) = a cdm ( λ ) e S ( λ t λ )
R RS e ( λ i λ t ) = R RS f ( λ t ) R RS ( λ i ) R RS f ( λ i )
R RS e ( 531 ) = ( λ 2 531 ) R RS e ( λ 1 531 ) + ( 531 λ 1 ) R RS e ( λ 2 531 ) λ 2 λ 1
R RS e ( 510 ) = ( 531 510 ) R RS e ( 488 510 ) + ( 510 488 ) R RS e ( 531 510 ) 531 488
ε ( λ i λ t ) = 100 . R RS e ( λ t ) R RS ( λ t ) R RS ( λ t )
ε ( λ i , λ t ) = 100 . R RS ( λ i ) R RS ( λ t ) R RS ( λ t )
ε ( λ i λ t ) = 100 . C f e ( λ i λ t ) C f ( λ i , λ t ) C f ( λ i , λ t )
ε ( λ 1 , λ 2 λ t ) = 100 . [ λ 2 λ t λ 2 λ 1 C f e ( λ 1 λ t ) C f ( λ 1 , λ t ) C f ( λ 1 , λ t ) + λ t λ 1 λ 2 λ 1 C f e ( λ 2 λ t ) C f ( λ 2 , λ t ) C f ( λ 2 , λ t ) ]
R RS int ( λ t ) = ( λ 2 λ t ) R RS ( λ 1 ) + ( λ t λ 1 ) R RS ( λ 2 ) λ 2 λ 1

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